Skelsmergh and Paton

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1923

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251-264

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'Skelsmergh and Paton', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923), pp. 251-264. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49290 Date accessed: 01 August 2014.


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SKELSMERGH AND PATTON.

1216–72 William de Skelmerisherge gave to the prior and convent of Coningesheved part of his land in Twaitkendenan within bounds beginning at Reisthuaitbec, at the western corner of the hedge (sepis) following the hedge eastward to the syke which descends from the wood of Steynerlithe; Mon. Anglic. VI, 556b.

Roger de Skelmeresherge gave to the same canons, part of his land in Twitkendenan by bounds beginning at the summit of the rock which lies in the hedge above the oak tree and descending from that rock to the summit of the rock which is below that oak tree; ib.

John son of Richard de Coupland gave to the canons of Coningesheved a moiety of the vill of Patton; ib. vi. 557b.

1241–46 William de Lancastre III granted to Robert de Leyburn all Skelsmergh by bounds (described), to hold for a pair of gilt spurs; Reg. of D. at Levens.

William de Schelmergha granted to Roger son of Simon son of Walter for his homage and service, 3 a. land in Sche[l]mergha with toft and croft, namely those which Adam, son of Erneburga held, to hold for 6d. yearly. Witnesses: Adam de Potergha, Adam de Mosergha, Adam son of Robert de Stircland and others; Anct. Deeds, a. 9342.

1274 Inquest taken 11 June, 1274, to make an extent of the lands of Robert de Ros of Werk. The jurors say that he held the moiety of the mill of Patton, formerly extended at 10 marks, is now 9 marks, as William de Wyndesores has set up a mill at Grarig to its injury. Inq. post mort., 2 Edw. 1, n. 26.

1296 Roger de la Cosine (sic) is in mercy for many defaults. He was summoned to answer Nicholas de Leyburne of a plea that he render to him 4 charters and a writ of quit-claim which he has unjustly detained. Nicholas says that one William de Lancastre enfeoffed one Robert de Leyburne, grandfather of the said Nicholas, whose heir he is, of the hamlet of Skelmeresharg by 4 charters and afterwards made a writ of quit-claim, which charters and writ after the death of John, father of the said Nicholas, came to the hands of Joan, late the wife of the said John and now the wife of the said Roger, and are now in the custody of the said Roger; De Banco R., Easter, 118, n. 93d.

1296 The sheriff was commanded to summon a jury of the vicinage of Skelmeresha[r]gh and [Strike]land Kitle to recognize if 4 charters and a writ of quit-claim, made (as above), which the same Nicholas exacted from the same Roger de la Cusyne, after the death of John father of the said Nicholas &c. came to the hands of the said Roger, as the said Nicholas says, and if the said Nicholas ever forced upon the said Roger, a charter made to the said Robert, grandfather of Nicholas of 700 a. of pasture in [Strike]landk[et]ill for 12 marks (fn. 1) ; ib, Mich., 121, n. 229d.

Nicholas de Leyburn impleads Roger de la Cusyne and Joan his wife of waste, sale and destruction of houses, woods and gardens which they hold in Skelmesere in dower of Joan of the inheritance of the said Nicholas. He recovers damages of 59s.; De Banco R., Trin., 114, m. 94d.; 115, m. 175. A jury of the vicinage of Skelmesere had been summoned to inquire of the alleged waste; ib., 118, m. 83.

1301 Grant to Nicholas de Leyburn of free warren in his demesne lands in Skelmesergh in Kendale; Cal. Chart. R. iii, 23.

Margaret de Ros conveyed by fine to Marmaduke de Twenge inter alia a rent or other service in Skelmershegh; Lancs. Fines, pt. i. 214.

1310 William de Ros held half the mill of Patton by the gift of Margaret de Ros his mother; Cal. Inq. v. 119.

1330 Gilbert de Lancastre grants to his son, Christopher de Lancastre, a messuage and 60 a. land in Sokebred in Barton and all his lands and tenements in Skelmesergh, Stirkeland Roger, Fatherbank (in Staveley), and in Sleddale in the vill of Stirkeland Ketil; also the reversion of his lands and tenements in Whynfell which Robert de Lancastre holds by the grantor's demise for the term of his life; Trans. C. & W. A. Soc. N.S. x, 458–59.

1332 Subsidy of a fifteenth. Skelmir[es]herg.

Sir Roger de Leyburne in goods 37s.
Dame Margaret de Leyburn " 22s. 6d.
William son of Roger son of Emma " 45s.
Alan de le Watce " 20s.
William de Potters (Pottergh) " 30s.
Gilbert de Potters (Pottergh) " 15s.
Baudewyn son of Thomas " 22s. 6d.
William son of Ralph " 22s. 6d.
Gilbert de Potters, youngers (Pottergh) " 15s.
Sum of goods £12 [recte£11 10s.], whereof to the king 13s. . . . .[recte 15s. 4d.]

Subsidy of a fifteenth. Patton.

William son of Alice in goods 60s.
William de Patton, younger " 15s.
Roland de Patton " 30s.
Adam de Moserge " 17s. 6d.
Thomas son of the widow " 27s. 6d.
Sum of goods £7 10s., whereof the fifteenth 10s.; Excheq., Lay Sub., Westmld. 195. 1A, n. 19.

1341 Roger de Layburn, knt., held of William de Thweng a messuage and 6 bovates in Skelmesere for a 40th part of a knight's fee; Cal. Inq. VIII, 202.

1348 Gilbert de Bronolvesheved held of Roger de Layburn 16 a. land in Skelmesergh for 4d. rent, worth 8s. yearly; 3 messuages in the hands of tenants at will, held of the same Roger for 4d. rent, worth 20s. yearly; Cal. Inq. IX, 78.

1355 Roger son of Gilbert de Lancastre, lately deceased, held at his death, a messuage, and one carucate in Skelmesergh, of Roger de Leyburn by fealty and the service of 18d. yearly, of the clear yearly value of 13s. 4d.; also, jointly with Margaret his wife, who survives, two tofts and one carucate of land in Skelmesergh of Roger de Leyburn for 18d. yearly, worth 10s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 30 Edw. III (1), n. 36.

1356 Roger son of Gilbert de Lancastre, held at his death, 2 tofts and one carucate in Skelmesergh, which the escheator was directed to restore to Margaret, late wife of the said Roger; Cal. Close R. 1356, p. 269.

1360 Alexander, abbot of Fourneys impleaded Thomas de Ros of Kendale, knt., that he render to him the custody of the land and heir of Robert de Layburn of Alaynscales, which belong to the same abbot, because Robert held his land of him by knight's service; De Banco R., Trin., 403, n. 229d.

William de Thornburgh sometime held 2 tenements in the hamlet of Skelmiser of Roger de Leyburne, "chivaler," by the service of 2d. yearly. He died in 23 Edward III (1359), Roland de Thornburgh his son, aged 35, is his next heir; Inq. p.m., 34 Edw. 111 (1), n. 51.

John son of Roland de Patton held at his death a moiety of the hamlet of Patton, of Roger de Gnype by fealty and the service of 2s. yearly; Inq. p.m., 34 Edw. III (1), n. 47.

1369 Roger, son of Gilbert de Lancaster held at his death (in 1353), 2 messuages (fn. 2) and 40 a. of land in Skelmeser of Roger de Leyburn for 18d. yearly; Rawlinson's MS. B. 438, f. 50d.; Inq. p.m., 43 Edw. III, 1st nos., n. 62.

1374 Thomas de Thweng held at his death . . . . . Patton. Inq. p.m., 48 Edw. III (1), n. 68.

1377 Henry Lord is in mercy in the Bench for default. He and others were summoned to answer William de Thornburgh of a plea that they cut down and carried away his trees at Patton and Brathelay to the value of £10; De Banco R., Trin., 466, m. 214.

1378 William de Helton impleaded Thomas de Leyburn that he render to him 40s. which he owes and has unjustly detained; ib. Easter, 470, m. 12.

1409 Dower was assigned to Agnes, late the wife of John Par, deceased, inter alia of the moiety of the mill of Patton; Inq. post mort., 10 Henry IV., n. 5.

1431 William Pollow paid 4s. for farm of the tithes of Patton; Roll at Levens.

Tithe of the tillage of John Cuke of Gildrig (sic) received of Robert Bellingham, so demised at farm . . . . . .; ib.

Robert Layburn paid 13s. 4d. for farm of the tithes of Skelmeserr; ib.

1435 Nicholas Layburn paid the same farm; ib.

1437 Alice late the wife of John Coke in her widowhood confirmed to Robert de Brokholes and Adam de Lamplogh her lands, tenements, rents, &c. [in Skelmerser] in the vill of Stirkelandkettill. Witnesses: William de Harington and Robert Laybourne, knights.; Thomas de Harington, James de Crofte, Robert de Wassington. Given at Skelmerser on Friday next before St. Katherine the virgin, 16 Henry VI; Towneley's MS., Chetham Lib., c. 8. 13, f. 327.

1438 John Gardiner of Lancaster granted to John Langta and John Preston for a term of 12 years, certain lands and messuages in Skelmesergh in the vill of Stirklandketill, which he held by the grant of Alice, late the wife of John Coke, to hold for 62s. 4d. yearly rent. Dated 12 May, 16 Henry VI; Towneley's MS. HH. 324, penes W. Farrer.

1459 Tithe of Gylthwaitryg 20d.

Rowland Thornburgh paid 2s. 3d. for farm of the tithes of a moiety of Patton. Roll at Levens.

1492 Thys indentur' mad the IXth day of Januar' in the VIIth yer' off the Regne off our Sou'aign lord Kynge Henry the VIIth [1492], between Wiilm. Thornbrugh, gentilman, upon the on p'tie and Thomas Layburn, gentilman, upon the other ptie, wytnessyth that the said pties ar agreit on maner and form foloynge, that is to say the sayd Thomas grauntyth by thes presentes all hes right, title, claym and goodwyll off a tent' called Patton Feld, whych the sayd Thomas latele held in ferm off Rog' Godson, lat the p'or off Conyshed, to the sayd Wyllm. hys heyres and assignes for ev'mor. Also the said Thomas confessyth by thes p'sentes that he hath graunted and gevyn ij° acryes off land in Patton wod to the sayd Wyllm. hys heyres and assignes for ev'mor for all hes tytyll, ryght and claym in the sayd Patton wod. Also the sayd Thomas Layburn confessyth by thes p'sentes that he hath graunted and gevyn the r'vercion off a tent' in Whynffell called Colthouses to the sayd Wyllm. hys heyres and assignes after the decease off Edmund Ward and Magret hes wyff, for qwych recon' (sic) and tent' the sayd Wyllm. confessyth by thes p'sentes that he hath gyffen and graunted to the sayd Thomas hes heyres and assignes two other ten'tes wyth theyr appurten'nces in Skelmser. late in the holdynge off John Gylpyn and Rowland Thomson, after the decesse off the sayd Edmund and Margret; also the sayd Thomas knowlegyth by thes presentes that he hath graunted that the sayd Wyllm. schall reseyve and tak all the issues and prophettes off a tent' in Crostwate in the holdynge of Symund Brigges for the term off lyff off the sayd Wyllm., so that after the decesse off the sayd Wyllm. that the sayd ten'tes and all the issues and prophettes off the sam schall remaign to the sayd Thomas his heyres and assignes for ev'mor. Also the sayd Wyllm. grauntyth by thes p'sentes that he hath set and to ferm lattyn a tent' in Longsleddell, lat in the holdinge off John Dod with all the issues and prophettes and comodytees therto belongyng, to the sayd Thomas hes heyres and assignes for ev'mor, paying xxiiis. iiijd. yerly therfor to the sayd Wyllm. hes heyres and assignes. In wyteness wheroff to awther off the pties off thes indentures the ptyes abovesayd int'chaungabylly hath sett their sealles. Geven this day and yer aboff sayd. Red rectangular seal, very shallow cut, apparently bearing a floral emblem. No endorsement; D. in poss. of the exors. of John Jenkinson, late of Yealand Conyers.

1506 Licence of entry without proof of age for Robert Dukett of Skelmessar, gent., son and heir of James Dukett of the same place, gent., tenant in chief, on all the lands of the said James; Cal. Pat. R. 1494–1509, p. 503.

1507 Similar licence for Margaret Duket, Elizabeth Duket and Mabel Duket, who are of full age, sisters and three of the heirs of Robert Duket of Skelmessar, esq., deceased; also for Margaret Phillipson, who is under age, kinswoman and one of the four heirs of the said Robert, to wit, daughter of William Phillipson and Joan his wife, fourth sister of the said Robert, in all the lands of the said Robert; ib., 555.

Grant to William Standissh of the keeping of a fourth of the lands of the said Robert Duket, by reason of the minority of the said Margaret Phillipson, with the wardship and marriage of the said Margaret; ib.

1524 Inspeximus for James de Leyburne, kinsman and heir of Nicholas de Leyburne, of the charter granting to the said Nicholas free warren in his demesne lands of Skelmesergh in Kendale; Letters and Papers Hen. VIII, IV, 196b.

1536 The relict of Rowland Thorneburgh renders 46s. 8d. at the terms of Martinmas and Pentecost for half of Patton which had been demised to him by indenture under the conventual seal of the priory of Conyshed, dated 7 Sept., 2 Henry VIII (1510) for a term of 30 years; Rental of the possessions of the late priory of Conyshed; Duchy of Lanc., Rentals, bundle 5, n. 11.

Certeyn landes, tenementes, medowes and pastures in Patton belongynge to the said [dissolved] priory of Conyngeshedd and letten to one William Thorneburgh by indenture under the convent seale of Conyngeshedd dated the 7th daye of Septembre in the seconde yere of the reigne of or sovereigne lorde the Kynge nowe beynge to have and to hold to the said William and his assignes for term of 31 yeres from the daye of the date of the same indentures without impechement of waste and paieth therfore by yere 46s. 8d.; ib., n. 9.

Mr. Wyllm. Thornbury, fermer of Patton, rent 46s. 8d.; and yt douth lye so amonges his awne tennandes yt no man can shew what yt ys; ib., n. 8.

1539 James Layborne, knt., and Ellen his wife passed by fine to Thomas Carus and Thomas Redmayne, tenements in Skelmsergh &c. Feet of Fines, Mich. term, 31 Henry VIII.

1556 Mr. Lancaster paid for tithes of Ladyford, 6s.; Roll at Levens.

Tithes of Gylthwatryg 6s.; ib.

1584 By deed dated 27 June, 26 Elizabeth (1584) Robert Brigges of Old Malton, co. York, esq., and Elizabeth his wife granted to James Bellingham of Leavens, co. Westmorland, esq., all those messuages and tenements lying in Skelsmergh, Strickland Roger, Strickland Ketle and Mintesfeet, then or late in the occupation of Roland Benson, James Tompson, Roland Philipson, Anthony Shepheard, William Stephenson, the wife of Edward Stephenson, deceased, the wife of Robert Bracken, deceased, the wife of Allan Bracken, deceased, the wife of Henry Holme, deceased, Oswald Beethome and James Birkhead; being of the yearly rent of £5 5s. 8d. Martin Gilpin and George Staynbanke, gent., to deliver seisin; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1584 Jenetta Salkeld and George her son granted to Alan Bellingham, esq., a tenement in Strickland Ketle of the yearly rent of 8d.

c 1584 Skelmerghe, Strickland Kettle and Minsfeete, late purchased by James Bellingham, esq., and Robert Brigges [date shortly after 1584].

James Tompson holdethe of the lord an auncyente tenement in Skelsmerghe, called Old Erth, and certaine land in Minsfeet togithr wth the messuage and othr buildinges conteninge xvj acres and more and payeth yearlie to the lord at Pentecost and Martinmas 31s. 8d.; and a fine as in the heade and a godes penny and is to be admitted tenant.

Simond Swainson, a tenement, and 3 a. in Minsfeet, 10s.

Robert Braken wiff, a tenement in Strickland Kettle and 4 a. . . . .

The same wife holdeth a parcel of ground adjoyninge nere unto Burnesid Chappell and payeth for the same yearlie at Martinmas as free rent. . . . . .

John Shepard, a messuage and tenement in Strickland Kettle, 5 a. land, 9s. 10d.

James Birkett wiff, a tenement in Skelsmergh, 2 a. 3 r. land, 2s. 10d.

John Phillipson, a messuage and tenement in Skelsmergh, 5 a. land, 10s. 8d.

Allan Braken wiff, a messuage and tenement in Skelsmergh, 4 a. land, 9s. 4d.

Charles Storie, 2 a. land in Skelsmergh, late in the tenure of Oswold Bethom, 2s.

Edwarde Stephanson, a messuage and tenement and 4½ a. land in Strickland Roger, 9s. 4d.

William Benson, now Rowland . . . . . sonn, a tenement lying at Lad[yford?], 7 a. land . . . . . "soome" (sum) £5 9s.

William Atkinsone holdeth of the lord there an awincyent fier howse of 3 paire of trees and a barne of 3 paire of trees, errable ground 4 a., medow ground 6 a., one coppice or springe conteyninge 7 r. and common on Skelsmire Fell. The name of the said spring is Sibhagg, and there is an eld acke in his said tenemente; he payeth 37s. 3d., fell farm 1d., and 3 hennes and one capon and 2 dayes sheringe.

Cristofor Braban holdeth of the lord there an awincyent tenement, a fire howse of 3 paire of trees and a barne of 4 paire of trees and errable ground and medow about 22 acres, a coppice or a springe conteyninge 2 a., comon upon Skelsmire Fell &c. 31s. 1d., fell farm 1d., 6 hennes, one capon, 2 days shering.

Robert Harison (as above) an awincyent tenement, a fier howse, stone thakt of 3 paire of trees, a barne of 4 paire of trees, a cowhowse and stable, errable ground 15 a., medow ground 5 a., common on Skelsmire Fell, a springe or coppice conteyninge 1½ a.

Thomas Burton (as above) a howse of 3 paire of trees, barne, cowhouse and stable all under a roofe, errable ground 15 a., medow ground 5 a., comon on Skelsmire Fell, 2 springes or coppies, th' one cald the Hie Fall and th' other called the Law Fall, the Hie Fall conteyning 2 a., the Law Fall 1 a., 21s. 2d., fell farm 1d., 6 hennes, 1 capon and 2 days shering.

George Jackson (as above) a fier howse of 4 paire of trees, barne of 3 paire of trees, a cowhowse and a stable, eyther of 2 paire of trees, errable ground 14 a., medow ground 3 a., common on Skelsmire Fell, one springe or coppie conteyninge about 5 r., wherein is oakes yet remayning threscore and sixtene, 13s. 4d., fell farme 1d., 6 hennes, 1 capon, 2 days shering.

Anthony Gilpin (as above) a fier howse of 3 paire of trees, barne 3 paire of trees, and other vesture howses well repaired, errable ground about 7 a., medow gound 2 a., common on Skelsmire Fell. . . . . . . .

Williame Becke (as above) with a corne milne, a fier howse of 6 paire of trees, a barne of 3 paire of trees, and other necessarie howses well repaired, errable ground about 26 a., medow ground about 5 a., comon on Skelsmire Fell, £4 6s. 8d., fell farme 1d., 6 hennes, 1 capon, 2 days shering.

The same William Becke (as above) which was late Nichole Hodgson's, a fier howse of 3 paire of trees, barne of 3 paire of trees, errable ground 8 a., medow ground 1 a., and comon on Skelsmire Fell, and ys yerlye to be valued to five pounds by per annum 10s. 2d., fell farme 1d., 3 hennes, 1 capon and 2 days shering.

Allane Gilpin (as above) a fier howse of 3 paire of trees, barne of 3 paire of trees, and other vesture howses, errable ground in 3 closes 8 a., medow ground 5 a., comon on Skelsmire Fell; that it was 13s. 4d. rent and the 3s. 4d. was taken off for the mill dam, 10s., fell farme 1d., 6 hennes, 1 capon, 2 days shering.

James Gilpinge (as above) a parcel of ground late of the houlding of Anthonie Gilpine, about 3 r. of ground, medow or sawing ground, c[omon] . . . . . .

1593 Rental of the Marquis Fee; Giltwhatrig tenement; Rychard Duket, tenent thereof, yields 40s. yearly.

Mr. Thornebrow paid 1s. for lands in Patton (Marquis Fee).

1604 Edward Lancaster of Sockbred, esq., Lancelot, his son and heir, of Hartsop, esq., and Frances, wife of the said Lancelot, sold to Thomas Benson of Scalthwaiterigg, gent., for £850, the capital messuage and demesne lands of Ladyford, containing 68 a., namely the Court close, Court Garth Close and a parcel adjoining the last called the "Ilande," containing 3 a. 1 r., in the occupation of Lancelot Lancaster and John Robinson; Kentsyde Holme, containing 18 a., in the occupation of Lancelot Lancaster, Edward Fisher, the wife of Henry Lockey, John Lowes, Nicholas Barrowe, Robert Bethome, Alice Duckett, the wife of Henry Bracken, Thomas Bracken, Edward Fisher, John Gilpine and Richard Duckett; a "feylde" called Broade close, containing 18 a., in the occupation of John Robinson, John Lowes, the wife of Henry Braken, Stephen Chamber, Ambrose Robinson, Lancelot Lancaster, Alice Duckett, Allan Gilpine and the wife of Nicholas Hodgshon; two Garnett closes, containing 8 a., in the occupation of Brian Garnett; Andrew Holme, containing 9½ a., in the occupation of John Lowes, Edward Fisher, Nicholas Barrowe, John Robinson, the wife of Henry Lockey, and the wife of Edward Garnett; a holme called Strande landes, containing 11 a., in the occupation of Edward Wilkinson, Miles Dixon and Peter Phillipson; olde Kente close, containing 7 roods, in the occupation of Rowland Chamber; the tithes of corn and hay, and all the freehold, rendering to Lancelot Lancaster and his heirs at Martinmas and Whitsuntide by equal portions, £4, and to the parson or farmer of the rectory or parsonage of Kendall, 6s. at Easter yearly. Signatures of Edward and Lancelot Lancaster and the mark of Frances Lancaster. Witnesses; Michael Wilkinson, clerk, Adam Batman, William Benson, Allan Jopson and John Couperthwayte; D. in possession of W. Farrer.

1611 Inquest taken at Kirkbye in Kendall, 27 September, 9 James 1 (1611), before John Lowther, esquire, escheator. Thomas Benson, gentleman, was seised at his death of divers small tenements and cottages in Kirkbye Kendall and Whinfell, which he lately purchased to himself and his heirs from Thomas Preston, esq., Robert Sleddall and Lancelot Davies, gentlemen. So seised he by his will devised all the said premises to William Benson, his younger son, and the heirs male of his body, in default, to his son Charles Benson (as above), and in default to Randall his son (as above).

Thomas Benson was also seised of a capital messuage within the hamlet of Skelimserghe called "Ladieforde," which he lately purchased from Edward Lancaster, esquire, and Lancelot Lancaster, gentleman, son and heir apparent of the said Edward. So seised, he bequeathed the same to his son Charles Benson and his heirs male, with remainder in default of such to my sons Randall and William Benson and their heirs male, equally to be divided betwixt them "if either of them die without issue male of his bodie lawfully to be begotten, then I give and bequeath his moitie soe dyinge without issue male unto my sonne George and the heirs male of his bodie."

He died 5 May, 1610, at Kendall. The tenements and cottages in Kirkbie in Kendall and Whinfell are held of the king as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall called "le Richmond Fee" in free socage, and are worth yearly clear £3 6s. 8d.; the capital messuage called Ladieforde and lands, &c., are held of the king as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by service of the 3rd part of a knight's fee, and are worth yearly clear £15. George Benson, doctor of Theology, is son and next heir of the said Thomas Benson, aged 40 years at the time of his father's death. William Benson received the issues of all the tenements and cottages in Whinfell from the time of Thomas Benson's death until now by virtue of the will aforesaid. And Charles Benson received the issues of the premises called Ladieforde from Thomas' death until now by virtue of same will; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 54, n. 104.

1615 Inquest taken at Kirkbykendall, 18 December, 13 James 1 (1615), before Roger Otwaye, esquire, escheator. Martin Gilpin was seised of a messuage and tenement and 30 a. land, meadow and pasture at Edesbancke in Skelsmergh; a messuage and tenement at Garthrowe within Skelsmergh and 10 a. land, meadow and pasture of the yearly rent of 13s. in the tenure of divers customary tenants according to the custom used there called "Tenauntright." The premises are held of the king as of his purparty of the manor of Kendall, called "Marques Fee," by fealty in free socage and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.

He died 2 November, 13 James 1 (1615), and Francis Gilpin is his son and next heir, now aged 15 years and three months; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 51, n. 124.

1615 Inquest taken at Kirkeby Kendall, 15 September, 13 James 1 (1615), before Roger Otway, escheator, by oath of Robert Philipson, John Wood, Nicholas Borrett, James Strickland, Anthony Garnett, Roger Moore, Thomas Walker, Peter Mawson, Anthony Gilpin, Robert Harrison, William Collinson, Thomas Maskowe, Thomas Richardson and Nicholas Garnett, who say that: Thomas Benson, gentleman, long before his death was seised of . . . . . small tenements and cottages in Kirkeby Kendall, and one messuage and tenement in Whinfell; also of one capital messuage and tenement within the hamlet of Skelsmerghe called "Ladyeforde" (as in the 1611 inquest). He was also seised of one capital messuage called Spitle in Kirkby Kendal, and . . . . acres of land and two acres of wood thereto belonging formerly parcel of the dissolved Hospital of St. Leonard, which he purchased to himself and his heirs from Arthur Wilson under condition of redemption. So seised he by his will bequeathed said capital messuage, lands, &c., to his son William and his heirs male, &c., and for default of such to testator's own heirs male, &c., paying therefrom to issue female of said son William £300, within three years after the entry of my heirs male, &c. He died 5 May, 1610, at Kendall. The premises in Kirkby Kendall and Whinfell are held of the king as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall called "le Richmond Fee" in free socage and are worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. The capital messuage in Skelsmerghe called "Ladyforde" and land thereto belonging are held of the king as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in free socage and are worth yearly clear . . . . The capital messuage called "Spitle" and lands thereto belonging are held of the king in chief by knight service namely one hundreth part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 5 marks.

And they say that George Docker (sic Benson) doctor of Theology, is son and nearest heir of said Thomas, he was aged 40 years and more at time of his father's death. William Benson has received the issues, &c. of premises in Kendall and Whinfell from time of his father's death until now by virtue of the will; Charles Benson has received the issues of "Ladyforde" &c. Arthur Wilson has received the issues of capital messuage called "Spitle" and premises thereto belonging from time of Thomas Benson's death until now. Chanc. Inq. post mort., ser. ii, vol. 675, n. 108.

1616 Inquest taken at Kirkeby Kendale, 14 September, 14 James I (1616), before Roger Otwaye, escheator. Henry Fisher was seised at his death of 15 messuages and tenements in Skelsmergh and 100 a. arable land, 20 a. meadow, 40 a. pasture in Skelsmergh, now in the several occupations of divers tenants according to the custom of the manor called "Tenantrighte"; also of 6 a. land in Bradley field, lately purchased from John Ambrose; and 30 a. land in Bradleyfield, which formerly were of one James Layborne.

So seised, on 14 August last (1616) he granted the 6 a. in Bradleyfield to Henry Fisher his son and his heirs, and by his will dated 10 March, 1616, gave all his lands in Bradleyfield to his said son Henry in tail male, with remainder in default of issue to Nicholas Fisher, another of his sons in tail male. The premises in Skelsmergh, worth 40s. yearly clear, are held of the king as of his manor of Kendale, by fealty and suit of court at his Court Baron within the manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in common socage and not in chief. The 6 acres in Bradleyfeilde, late purchased from John Ambrose, worth 6s. yearly, are held of king as of his said manor of Kendale by knight service, namely by the 200th part of a knight's fee, but not in chief. The 30 acres in Bradleyfeilde, which were of James Layborne, worth 30s. yearly, are held of king as above, by fealty and one grain of pepper yearly at Martinmas in common socage and not in chief.

He died 15 August last (1616), seised of the premises, except the 6 acres in Bradleyfeild previously granted to his son Henry. Edward Fisher is his son and next heir, now aged 16 years, 5 months, 12 days. Agnes widow of Henry, the elder, survives at Kendall; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 55, n. 135.

1621 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 19 September, 19 James I (1621), before Joseph Boothe, gent., escheator, by the oath of Henry Heblethwaite, Henry Feilde, Thomas Brigges, Robert Harrison, Alan Stevenson, Christopher Baynbrigge, Brian Walker, Thomas Atkinson, William Walker, Geoffrey Borrett, Geoffrey Holme, William Robinson, Thomas Robinson and Anthony Todde, who say that: Anthony Gilpin on the day he died was seised of a moiety or half part of one capital messuage in Skelsmer called "le Thorneyeslacke" and 10 acres to said moiety belonging. Premises held of Charles, Prince of Wales as of his purparty or manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in free socage. So seised he died 7 June, 18 James I (1620) and Elizabeth Gilpin, wife of John Gilpin of Skelsmer, Mary Warde, wife of Nicholas Warde of Whinfell, Cristobella Burton wife of Thomas Burton of Skelsmer and Katherine Willison wife of Henry Willison of Whinfell are co-heirs and next heirs of said Anthony. Chanc. Inq. post mort., ser ii, vol. 785, n. 15.

1621 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 19 September, 19 James I (1621), before Joseph Boothe, gentleman, escheator, by the oath of the same jurors as above, who say that: Peter Mawson on the day he died was seised of one messuage and tenement in Skelsmere and 14 acres of land thereto belonging. He died 24 December last (1620). Premises are held of Charles, Prince of Wales as of his manor of Kirkbykendal called "le Marques Fee" by fealty in free socage and are worth yearly clear 11s. Nicholas Mawson is his son and next heir, aged 24 years and upwards now. Chanc. Inq. post mort., ser. ii, vol. 784, n. 23.

1630 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall 4 May, 6 Charles I (1630), before John Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Thomas Brigges, Christopher Phillippson, John Birkheade, Thomas Wilson, gentlemen, William Potter, James Stockdale, John Jackson, Henry Garnett, James Hardie, Edward Harlinge, Robert Noddell, John Jackson, Anthony Todde, William Jeninges and James Lancaster, yeomen, who say that: John Chambers of Kirkbie Kendall, yeoman, on the day he died was seised of three closes or parcels of land in Skelsmergh called "Barne bancke, Little bancke and Gate close," containing by estimation seven acres of land more or less, and so seised, he died 31 March last (1630). Said closes are held of the king as of his purparty or manor of Kendall called "le Marquess Fee" in free socage and are worth yearly clear 10s. Miles Chambers is son and heir of said John, and he is aged 28 years and more now. Chanc. Inq. post mort., ser. ii, vol. 713, n. 203.

1633 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 31 August, 9 Charles I (1633), before Richard Branthwaite, gentleman, escheator, by the oath of Christopher Lancaster, esquire, Henry Backhouse, Thomas Wilson, Henry Heblethwaite, John Smith, Henry Fisher, Adam Sheppard, Thomas Baines, James Wadeson, Robert Cooke, Edmund Newby, Randall Blaymire, James Audland, John Whallie and Robert Chamber, who say that: Allan Stephenson, yeoman, long before he died was seised of two messuages or tenements in Skelsmergh and 30 acres of land, 20 acres of meadow, 20 acres pasture, to said messuages belonging. Premises held of king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" by fealty in free socage and are worth yearly clear 56s. 8d. Alan Stephenson died 21 February last (1632-3). Robert Stephenson is his son and nearest heir, aged 14 years and upwards at time of his father's death. Chanc. Inq. post mort., ser. ii, vol. 727, n. 147.

1669 Hearth Tax Roll; Lay Subsidy 195, n. 73.

57 in Number—£2 17s. od. tax.

Willm Becke 2
Widd: Platt 2
Antho: Harrison 1
Robt Stephenson 2
Mr. Labran 6
John Benn 1
Arthur Gilpin 1
Richard Aerey 1
Arthur Sheapherd 2
The same 2 wald up
Willm Sheapherd 3
Mr. Tho: Strickland 3
Robt Towers 1
Widd: Nicholson 1
John Duckett 1
Chr: Dennyson 1
John Nicholson 1
Antho: Stephenson 2
Richard Mitchell 1
Chr: Brabbin 1
Tho: Atkinson 2
Willm Jackson 1
Widd: Washington 2
John Pickering 2
Widd: Mawson 2
Willm Lickebarrow 1
Robt Gilpin 1
James Cowen 1
James Atkinson 2
Mrs. Ward 2
Mr. Rowlandson 4
Robert Harrison 1
John Brabbin 2
Robt Nicholson 1

1676 William Thornburgh, esq., paid 1s. for lands in Patton (Marquess Fee).

1723 For the conveyance of the manor, see Whinfell, p. 230.

Footnotes

1 No verdict found on the rolls.
2 One of these was Ladyford.


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