Underbarrow, Bradley Field and Cunswick

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Institute of Historical Research

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William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors)

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1923

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355-376

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'Underbarrow, Bradley Field and Cunswick', Records relating to the Barony of Kendale: volume 1 (1923), pp. 355-376. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=49297 Date accessed: 27 November 2014.


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UNDERBARROW, BRADLEY FIELD AND CUNSWICK.

1186–1200 Gilbert son of Roger Fitz-Reinfrid grants to Henry de Alneto all Coneswic by these bounds: as the way descends Scarthulfe to Little Ranthworth and ascending to the bounds of Stirkeland and by those bounds to the rock and to Scarthulfe; also the donor gives to Henry the moiety of Tranthawit by these bounds: as the watercourse of Rowthworth flows into the watercourse of Tranthwait and by the descent of Rowthworth ascending to the watercourse of Landhost and by the same to the midst of Landhost and thence across to the watercourse of Tranthwaite and descending to the first named watercourse; to hold for 1 lb. of cummin with acquittance of multure at the grantor's mill of Kirkeby in Kendale. Witnesses: Richard de Marisco, Henry de Redeman, the donor's seneschal, Gervase de Anecurt, Anselm de Stainton, Richard de Stainton, Lambert de Bussei, Roger de Lancastre, Gilbert de Lancastre, Ralph de Anecurt, Thomas the tailor; Reg. of D. at Levens, ii, f. 247. See Appendix xxviii.

Robert son of Thomas de Tranethwaite grants to Matilda daughter of Roger de Samlesbyri, wife of Grimbald de Ellale, part of his land in the vill of Tranethwaite, namely 12 acres, to hold by rendering 12d. yearly. Witnesses: Matthew de Rademan, Thomas de Bethum, Richard de Preston, William de Yaland, Igghey Reyn (sic), and Ralph Godemund; Towneley's MS. D.D., n. 1516.

1220–46 Robert son of Thomas de Souky released to his lord, William de Lancastre, for 5 marks and a cape (cappa) of "bluette" 24 a. of land in the vill of Tranethwayt, namely, 3 a. in William ridding, 3 a. in Nicholas ridding, 2 a. in Bracanrig and Ulneshau with the moiety of Pademan meadow and of the meadow extending to Willam ridding; also 12 a. in these places; from the new hedge to Rawescroft and Adam's assart (fn. 1) and the high assart and so to Baynwythrig and into Hustides and Belle with all the meadow within these lands and 4 a. in Ravnes ridding and Rogeres ridding. Witnesses: Roger de Lancastre, brother of William de Lancastre, Robert de Kerneford, Yngeram de Sandton (Sameton) T. de Marines, Richard de Preston, Swane the chaplain, John the chaplain (all domini); Gervase the clerk; D. at Levens, ii, f. 247b.

1226 William de Lancastre makes fine for the debt of Roger de Leiburn to certain persons; R. Litt. Claus., i, 129b.

1235 Nicholas de Alneto holds the 20th part of one knight's fee [in Brathela] of the barony of Kendale; Testa, 412b.

1243 William de Lancastre 111 acknowledges that he has given to Henry son of Gilbert de Wyteby for his homage and service and for a quit- claim made to him of 110 a. land in the vill of Scotford, except a 6th part of the mill, of 8 score and 16 a. land, namely 30½ a. land in Traneweyth, (fn. 2) 9 a. land in Rackewrth, (fn. 3) 56½ a. land in Bolteston, (fn. 4) to hold quit of multure and pannage, saving to William his venison, birds which other birds take and fishings of his waters, rendering a pair of gilt spurs or 6d. at Midsummer; Cur. Regis. R. 130, m. 11d.

1255–72 Peter de Brus released to William de Stirkelaunde and Elizabeth his wife their lands of Rowewurt2 from puture of his land-serjeants, both at horse and foot, and of his foresters at horse and foot and from witnesman, except 40 a. land which lie outside their park, which acres shall do the service which belongs to so much land in the same vill; D. at Sizergh.

1274 Robert de Ros held at his death inter alia the farm of Grenering; Cal. inq., ii, 49.

1278 Richard de Gilpyn arraigns an assize of novel disseisin against Margaret de Ros and others touching a tenement in Helsington; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 47, app. 246.

1283 William de Lyndeseye held at his death 10 a. land in Brathlowh (alias Brathlaw now Bradley), which used to render 3s. 4d. yearly, but are now in the hands of the lord; Cal. inq., ii, 269.

1283 Nicholas son of William son of Geoffrey demands against William son of Robert de Stirkelannd 7 a. land and two parts of ½ a. meadow in Helsington; William son of Robert calls to warranty Adam son of Robert de Kendale; William says that Adam holds a certain tene- ment in the vill of Trenhweyt in exchange for the tenement which he claims, Adam says he does not hold the said tenement in exchange; De Banco R., Easter, 49, m. 36. See Helsington, p. 135.

1301Margaret de Ros granted by fine to Marmaduke de Twenge a free rent in Routheworth, and to William de Ros, her son, land in Grenerig

with a mill and rents in Conyngeswyke, Brathelake and Tranthewayt; Lanes. Fines, pt. i, 215.

1303 William de Gilpin, a juror: Lanes. Inq., pt. i, 311.

1307 Margaret de Ros long before her death gave to her son, William de Ros, inter alia the hamlet of Grenrige with the mill; Cal. Inq., IV, 285.

1310 Robert de Gylpine holds of William de Ros a moiety of the hamlet of Tranethayte for 5s. cornage and 18d. puture; Cal. Inq., vi, 424.

Thomas de Alneto holds of William de Ros the manor of Coningeswyk and the moiety of the hamlet of Tranethayth for 1 lb. pepper; and the moiety of Brathela for one twentieth fee and ½ lb. of cummin; ib. V, 118, 119.

William de Patton holds of the same William a messuage and 30 a. in Brathela for ¾ lb. pepper and 5d. puture; John de Lee holds 1 messuage and 20 a. in Brathela for ¼ lb. pepper; ib.

William de Ros held at his death a moiety of the hamlet of Tranethayt which Thomas de Alneto held of him as above, a moiety of the hamlet of Tranethayth, which Robert de Gylpine held of him by the service of 5s. to cornage and 18d. yearly for puture; the hamlet of Grenrig (in demesne) in which are 26 tenants holding a messuage each worth 6d. yearly and 191 a. land held between them, each acre worth 4d.; a water-mill, worth 40s. yearly and a fulling-mill, worth 10s. yearly; Cal. Inq. V, 118–9.

1326 Robert de Swynburn held at his death a messuage and 25 a. in Tillonthwayt (now Tullythwaite) in Kendale of William de Twenge for 1d. yearly; Thomas his son, aged 35, is his heir; ib., vi, 424.

1332 Grenriges. Subsidy of a fifteenth.

William de le Milne in goods 55s.
Robert de Grenriges " 30s.
William son of Robert " 15s.
John Marsal " 20s.
Hugh Walkerservant (serviens walker) " 15s.
Robert de Farleton " 20s.
Adam son of Isabell " 40s.
John his son " 15s.
Adam Warde " 30s.
Peter Tydyman " 15s.
Henry son of How " 30s.
Richard le Norice " 30s.
Richard Tydyman " 20s.
Robert de le Scarthe in goods 15s.
Thomas son of Hugh " 30s.
Judde de Routheworthe " 45s.
Richard de Farleton " 45s.
William Milner " 30s.
Richard Lauerd " 45s.
Sum of goods £28 5s. [recte £27 5s.], whereof to the king 38s. . . . [recte 36s. 4d.]

1334 Christiana de Gynes held at her death in Kirkebybank and Brathelagh, with farm of the wyndells there, a rent of 20s.; Cal. Inq., vii, 396.

1344 Thomas Ward of Kendal held at his death a messuage and 8 a. called Brathelagh of Thomas de Ros, by fealty and ¼ lb. of pepper yearly; 3 burgages in Kirkeby in Kendale held of the king for 18d. yearly; 3 burgages there held of Thomas de Ros for 6d. and a rose yearly; 4 burgages there held of Thomas de Thweng for 12d. yearly; ib, VIII, 363.

1348 Gilbert de Bronolvesheved held at his death of Thomas de Thwenge, 8 a. land in Brathelagh by fealty only, worth 4s.; ib., IX, 78.

1357 Adam Warde gave to Robert his son, Tranethwaite with the appurtenances, to hold for 15d. rent; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1358 Robert de Wayshyngton has the custody of a certain plat of land called Routhworth in Helsyngton; Abbrev. R. Original, ii, 249.

1360 John son of Roland de Patton held at his death a tenement in Bratheley of Thomas de Roos, knight, by fealty and 6d. yearly. He died in 31 Edward 111 (1357). Roland his son, aged 36 years, is his next heir; Inq. p.m., 34 Edward III (l), n. 47.

1372 Robert de Swynburn, knt, gave to Henry de Threlkeld his land and tenement called Tillithwayt in Kendale. Witnesses: Hugh de Louthre, Robert de Mowbray, knights; William de Stapleton, William de Helton. Given at Appilby on Monday after St. Luke the Evangelist, 46 Edwrd 111; D. at Levens.

1373 By his deed (in French) Robert de Swynburne, chivaler, appointed John de Siggeswyke and Aleyn Forester of Yenwith, his attornies to deliver seisin to Henry de Threlkelde of the said Robert's lands and tenements, woods etc., called Tully thawayte in Kendale, according to the purport of a charter made with these presents; Reg. of D. at Levens.

1373 By his deed dated at Tullythawite on Saturday next after the feast of St. Matthew the Apostle, 47 Edward III (24 September, 1373), Henry de Threlkeld granted to John de Bethome a messuage with land and meadow adjoining, within the parish of Kirkeby in Kendale, called Tullythawait, which the grantor has by the gift and grant of Robert de Swinburne, knt. Witnesses: James de Pikering, then sheriff of Westmerland, Thomas de Stirkeland, Matthew de Redman, knights; John de Wyndeshore, Richard de Preston, Roland de Thorneburgh, Richard de Levenes; ib.

1374 Thomas de Thwenge held at his death the service of Robert de Wessington, who held of him 4 tenements in Rotheworthe by knight's service and for the rent of a sparrowhawk or 12d. yearly; Inq. p.m., 48 Edward III (1), n. 68.

Inquest taken in 31 Edward III (1357) touching land called Routheworth in the vill of Helsyngton alienated by Margaret de Ros (d. early in January, 1307) without the king's licence to Robert de Wassyngton. The pleadings in a suit coram Rege in 1374 state that Joan daughter of Walter de Strikland, knt., married Robert de Wassyngton and had issue Robert de Wassyngton, son and heir, father of Robert de Wassyngton, who recovers the tenement in Helsington against the king; Coram Rege R., Trinity, 48 Edward III, 2nd pt., m. 19.

The first Robert de Wessington died before 18 August, 1324, seised of a moiety of the manor of Kernesford (Carnforth) held jointly with Joan his wife, who survived, by the feoffment of Walter de Stirkelannde to them in tail, to hold of the king, as earl of Lancaster, by homage and service of 2½d. for ward of Lancaster castle and for one twenty-fourth fee; Robert de Wessinton, aged 28 and more, was his next heir; Cal. Inq., VI, 357.

1377 Henry Lord is in mercy in the Bench for default. He and others were summoned to answer William de Thornburgh of a plea that they cut down and carried away his trees at Patton and Brathelay to the value of £10; De Banco R., Trin., 466, m. 214.

1390 (1) Ellis de Kirkeby, chaplain, held of Thomas de Roos, chr., 2 tenements and 12 a. land in the hamlet of Brathelay for 5d. rent at Easter and Mich. worth 40d. yearly; (2) Hugh Ward likewise held 2 tenements and 20 a. land in the same hamlet for a rent of ¼ lb. of pepper, worth 40d. yearly; (3) Robert de Leyburne likewise held 2 tenements in the same hamlet for a rent of 1 lb. of pepper, worth 20s. yearly; (4) Robert Tomlinson and Elizabeth his wife, in her right, held of Thomas de Roos, chr., 2 tenements and 20 a. land in the hamlet of Trantwhayte for 7s. 3d. rent and 1 lb. of cummin at the terms of Easter and Mich., worth 10s. yearly; (5) Thomas de Leyburne, chivaler, and Joan his wife, as of the right of the said Joan, held of Thomas de Roos, chr., the manor of Cunneswyke for a rent of ½ lb. of cummin at Easter and Mich., worth 100s. yearly; Inq. p. mort., 14 Richard II, n. 41.

1404 (1) Ellis de Kirkeby, chaplain, held of William de Parr, chr., 2 tenements (as in 1390), for 5d. (sic) rent, worth 40d.; (2) (as in 1390), worth 40d.; (3) (as in 1390), worth 20s.; (4) Elizabeth late the wife of Robert Thomlynson etc. (as in 1390), for 7s. 4d. (sic) rent and 1 lb. of cummin, worth 10s. yearly; (5) Robert de Leyburne, chr., son and heir of Thomas de Leyburne, chr., and Joan his wife (i.e. Thomas'), held of William de Parr, chr., the manor of Cunsewicke (as in 1390); Inq. p.m., 6 Henry IV, n. 37.

1407 (1) Rolland de Grisedale held of John de Parr 2 tenements (as in 1390) for 5s. (sic) rent etc.; (2) (as in 1390); (3) (as in 1390); (4) Thomas de Burghe held of John de Ros etc. (as in 1390) for 7s. 4d. (sic) rent and 1 lb. of cummin etc.; (5) Robert de Leyburne, chr., held of John de Parr (as in 1390 and 1404) the manor of Cunneswyke etc.; Inq. p.m., 9 Henry IV, n. 38.

1431 Robert . . . . . paid 17s. 4d. (?) for farm of the tithe of Tranthwayte; Thomas Pierson and Richard Rawlynson paid 6s. 8d. for farm of the tithe of the demesne lands of Grenerigg; Nicholas Leyburn paid 15s. for farm of the tithe of Bradley; John Kayrouse (Thomas Karrouse in 1435) paid 6s. 8d. for farm of the tithes of Wattsfeld; William Levens paid 8s. 8d. for farm of the tithe of Rawthworth; John Hobirsty paid . . . . for farm of the tithe of Grenrygg (not the demesne lands); Roll at Levens.

1440 Inquest taken at Burton . . . . . 18 Henry VI, before Walter de Stirkland, esquire, escheator, by the oath of John de Berwyk etc., who say that: Robert Laurence, knight, was seised of the manors of Rauthesworth and Dilacre; by his charter dated Thursday next before St. Thomas the Apostle, 17 Henry VI (18 December, 1438), he granted certain messuages and lands in the vill and hamlet of Nateland to his son Thomas Laurence to hold for his life, with remainder to Robert's right heirs by virtue whereof Thomas became and still is seised thereof. The premises in Nateland, worth 10 marks yearly clear, are held of Thomas Strickland "chivaler" by service unknown. By another charter dated Friday next before St. Thomas the Apostle, 17 Henry VI (19 December 1438), he granted the manor of Dilacre to his son William Laurence, to hold for his life, with remainder to Robert's right heirs, by virtue whereof William became and still is seised of the said manor, which is worth 10 marks yearly clear, and is held of Thomas del Parre, knight, in socage, by service unknown. By another charter of the last date (19 December) he granted the manor of Rauthesworth to his son Edmund Lawrence for life, with remainder to Robert's right heir, by virtue whereof Edmund became and still is seised of the said manor, which is worth 10 marks yearly clear and is held of Roger Petwardyn, esquire, in socage, by services unknown. Robert Laurence, knight, died on Tuesday, the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 18 Henry VI (8 September, 1439) and Robert Laurence, esquire, his son, is his next heir, aged 40 years; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. i, file 167, n. 9.

1447 This indentur made betwix Nicholas ofe Layburn, esquier, on yt on pt and John ofe Wesshington, gentilman, on yt other pt wettnisseth yt given certain composiciones, aggrements and accorde wer moved and hade betwix ye saide ptes yt is to say the saide John willis and grauntes be ys dede indentide to enfeffe or ellis make to be enfeffide William his son and heir apparant and Mary the doghter of the saide Nicholas iointly in rent, landes or tenements as mikill as amontes and commes to the verray value of v marc' yerli over all reprises, to have and to holde to the saides William and Mary and to the heirs ofe thar two bodys com'ynge and in defaut of heires ofe thar two body commynge ye said rent, landes and tenementes to remaign to the rigthe heir ofe the saide John. Ande ferthermor the saide John willis ande grauntis be his dede thatt ofe all ye landes and tenementes wt ther appurten'nces in the qwilke he has enfeffode any oder psons knawen or unknawen to his behofe, thatt he sall take estate of theis feffes for terme ofe life ofe the said John, remainder therof to the saide William and Mary and to the heirs ofe thair bodys lawfully begetun and in defaut ofe heir ofe thair body com'yng to remaigne to the rigthe heires ofe the saide John. And forthermor the saide John willis and grauntes thatt all the landes, rentes and tenementes qwilke herafter fall, discende or come to the saide John be any maner of titill of discent, purchas or enheritaunce that given thei come to his handes, that is to say that he his full possesside therofe, that he sall dismiss hym ofe the estate of ytt unto certain psons and thei to refeffe hym for terme ofe his life, remainder therofe unto the saide William and Mary and to the heires ofe their body com'ynge, and in defaut ofe heires ofe their body com'ynge to remaigne as itt is abovesaide. And the forsaide Nicholas for his pt willis and grauntes be ys dede endentide that he sall fynde sufficiant seurte to the said John for payement ofe v marc yerli to be paide to the saide John att the festes of seint Martyn in Wynter and Whitsunday by even porcions, or Wtin xx daies after the same festes, unto the tym ye said John or his assignes be fulli content and paiede ofe ye some ofe xl marc ofe lawfull money ofe Ynglonde for the mariage ofe the said William; and ferthermor the said Nicholas willis and gauntes that he sall fynde sufficiant seurte for the paiement ofe IXS. of rent yerli to be paiede to the saide John att the festes abovesaide be even porc'ons or wtin XX daies after ayther ofe the said festes duringe the lyfe of dame Katrin ofe Layburn, upon this condicion that his to say gife the said Willam son ofe the said John overlefe the said Katrin, and gif so be thatt the said William by befor the said Katrin then the said rent of IXS. sall sesse for ev'mor. Unto all thes counants well and trewly to be pformede and fullfillede on the pte ofe the said John the said John bindys him to the said Nicholas in XL. li. ofe sterling to be paiede to the said Nicholas; and the forsaid Nicholas to all thes counants on his pte well and trewly to be perfourmede he buyndys hym to the said John in XL. li. to be paied to the said John. In wittnes ofe qwilke the ptes abovesaide hafe severally putt to thar seals, thes wittnes: Thomas Dokwra, Willam Gylpyn, John Warener, and many other. Gefin in the fest of Seint Barthilmewe appostell the yer of the Regn of Kynge Herr' the saxt after the conquest of Ynglonde XXV [24 August, 1447]. Deed indented: 10¾" by 6½". Seal tag, but seal broken off. Endorsed: Indentr' twixt Laburne and Wasshington; D. in poss. of the exors. of John Jenkinson late of Yealand Conyers.

1459 The relict of Robert Leyburn paid 15s. for farm of the tithes of Bradley; the tillage of Thomas Chambre 2s. 3d. for 3 bushels of oatmeal, William Carehwse 7s. for farm of the tithes of Wattsfeld; Roll at Levens.

Tranthwait paid tithes on 26 bushels, 19s. 2d.; Rauthworth on 13 bushels, 9s. 9d.; Greenryg, demised to Roger B[ethome ?], 12s. 4d.; the demesne of Greenryghall (now Grigghall) demised to John Lev[ens], 6s. 8d.; the tillage of Barrahall, 2 bushels, 18d.; the tenement of Thomas Bethome, 1½ bushels, 13d.; Roll at Levens.

1487 Agreement between James Laybourne of Konnyswyke, esq., and Sir John Pennyngton of Monkastyr for a marriage between Thomas, son and heir apparent of the said James, and Margaret daughter of the said Sir John, relict of John Lamplogh. Dated 8 February, 2 Henry VII; Hist. MSS. Com., Rep. X, app. IV, 228.

1511 Inquest taken at Kirkby in Kendale, 16 January, 2 Henry VIII (1511), before John Flemyng, escheator: Thomas Layburn held no tenements of the king in chief; he made certain feoffments to divers persons, and whether they are lawful or not the jurors know not. He held of Thomas Par, knight, lands and tenements in the hamlet of Sleddal by knight service and a yearly rent at St. Peter's Chains of a sparrowkawk or 12d., worth yearly 20 marks; the manor of Conswyk and Bradley, held of Thomas Par, knight, by the yearly rent of one pound of pepper and one grain of pepper, worth yearly 20 marks; he held as of one of the barons of Kendale, by socage 2 messuages in Wynster, rendering yearly one pound of cumin, worth yearly 40s.; he held all his lands and tenements in Skelmysser of one of the lords of Kendale, rendering yearly a pair of gilt spurs, of whom or by what service they know not, worth yearly £16.

Thomas Layburn died 5 August, 2 Henry VIII (1510), and James Layburn his son aged 21 years, is his next heir; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 116, n. 1.

1517 By deed dated 25 January, 8 Henry VIII (1517), Edward Bethome of Underbarroe in Kendale granted to Robert Tydeman and Thomas Staynbank, chaplains, three tenements in Underbarra to hold to the use and behoof of William Bethome his son and heir and Margaret his wife and their heirs. Witnesses: James Layburne, John Rallandson and Thomas Jenkynson; D. at Levens.

1525 This indentor maid the xxvith daye of Jun in the xviith yere of the reigne of Kinge Henry the VIIIth [1525], witnessith that th'abbote and Convent of Sancte Mary Abbey of York hath granted and latten to ferme to James Layburne, esquier, all the tethe cornez of the hamelett of Skelmyssergh with all the approwmentes at the making herof enclosed within the seid hamelett in the pishinge of Kirkeby in Kendall, excepte the tethe cornez with the approwmentes of the tenementes of Gilthwatrige, Ladyforde, the tenemente of John Redemayn and of a tenimente late in the handez of Willm. Gilpyne; also thei have latten to ferme to the seid James Layburn all the tethe cornez of Bradeleyfeld and Tranthwate wth Connyswik, Bulmerstrandes and Bradesl[ak] [eaten away] with ther intakes and approwmentes which Thomas Layburn father to the seid James occupied afortyme; and also thei have latten to ferme to the seid Jam[es] all the tethe cornes of Brindrige late in the holdyn of Antony Washington, to have and hold all the said tethe cornez to the seid James from the date herof unto thende and t'yme of xxith yeres next ensewing, payeng therfor yereli to the seid abbote and Convente yr successors or certen attor neis LXXVIIIS. VIIId. of lawfull Ynglish money at the Feste of Pashe, the firste day of paiement to be at Pashe next after the date herof, that is to seye for the tethe cornez of Skelmyssergh, of Bradeleyfeld, of Tranthwate, of Connyswik, Bulmerstrandes, Bradeslak, and Brindrige; providit alwaye that the seid James shall nott sell [or sett ?], inaliene nor putt awaye his gudwill of the seid tethez cornez to eny psone or psones withoute speciall licance of the seid abbot and Convente, which after the seid t'ymez shalbe at ther lib'tez in lattyng the same, this indentor note withstanding, and if the seid money or eny ptie therof be behynde and note dewly contented at eny t'yme when itt shude be paied, the seid James shall forfett his take, this indentor in nothinge withstanding. In witnes wherof the seid abbote and Convente and also the seid James Layburn to thes Indentours ent'changeably hath sett ther seallez the daye and yere afforseid. Deed indented: 13" by 5½" to 6", place for tag, but tag and seal lost. Endorsed: "A leas of the tithe at Skelsmer from the abatt of St. Mary's. N.P. (?) 21 yrs."; Orig. in poss. of the Exors of John Jenkinson, late of Yealand Conyers.

1534 Lancelot Laurence of Yealand Redmayne held at his death 8 messuages and land in Rowthworth, of whom was not known, worth £8 18s. 6d. yearly; Thomas his son, aged 13, was his heir; D. of Lanc., Inq. p.m., 26 Henry VIII, n. 41.

1539 James Layborne, knt., and Ellen his wife passed by fine to Thomas Carus and Thomas Redmayne the manor or chief messuage of Cunnyswyk and tenements in Bradleyfyld, Underborrey and Skelmsergh; Feet of Fines, Mich. term, 31 Henry VIII.

1541Grant to Thomas Haidoke inter alia of lands in Rotherworth in Kendalle, late of Launcelot Laurence, deceased, during the minority of Thomas Laurence, son and heir of the said Launcelot with wardship and marriage of the heir; Letters and Papers Dom., XVI, 605, n. 43.

1543 Thomas Laurence held the same tenements at his death; Robert his brother, aged 20 was his heir; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m., 35 Henry VIII, n. 36.

1544By deed dated 8 November, 36 Henry VIII (1544), Edward Bethom of Underbarro, gent., granted to Alan Bellyngham of Helsyngton, gent., a messuage called Tullytweyt with an orchard, garden, 2 a. meadow, 5 a. arable and pasture, then in the tenure of the said Edward Bethom; also a messuage with a garden, 1½ a. land in the occupation of Roger Bethom, and a messuage with a garden and 1½ a. land in the occupation of Robert Bethom, which two messuages are called Kyrbryddynge and Medowheade; also a messuage, 1 a. 3 r. land in the occupation of Christopher Bethome; 3½ a. land called Lynelanke, 1 a. of moreland called Calfperrocke in the tenure of Thomas Hallaye; 2 a. called Brumegarthe, 3 a. land called Lathbut, 3 a. land called Whytflatte in the tenure of Henry Batman; and other tenements therein described; D. at Levens.

1544 A release by Edward Bethom of Tulithawite, gent., reciting that Allan Bellingham of Helsington had acquired of the said Edward all his lands in Underbarrow called Tulithawite or Tranthwaite, late in the occupation of the said Edward, William Roullandson, William Jenkingson, Henry Bateman, Brian Jackson, Robert Dickson, Hugh Jackson, Thomas Holley, Christopher Bethom, the wife of William Cloudesley, Robert Bethome and Roger Bethome, bearing date in November, 36 Henry VIII (1544).

1547 Upon a complaint exhibited by William Turner of Lancaster, yeoman, and Margaret his wife, late the wife of William Bethome, deceased, plaintiffs, against Alan Bellingham, defendant, James Layborne of Connyswike, co. Westmorland, knt., aged 58, witnessed at York on 23 March, I Edward VI (1547) as follows:

He knows of a deed of feoffment by which Edward Bethome' dwelling in Trannthwate, a hamlet of Underbarraye, gave to Robert Tiddeman and Edward Colynson, priests, as by an indenture of covenant between the said Edward Bethome and Peter Brigges all his lands and tenements, dated in January, 8 Henry VIII.

He says that Edward Bethome enfeofted Sir Robert Tiddeman and one Sir Thomas Staynebanke, priests, in lands in Trannethwate to the use of William Bethome and Margaret his wife; that 6 years after the said deeds were executed, one of which remains with Sir Robert Tiddeman, priest, "beynge a verie honeste manne," the other with the wife of Robert Bateman, "moder to the said Margaret" and late the wife of the said Peter Brigges, Edward Bethome tried to get the feoffments from Tiddeman, priest at the chapel of Underbarraye and that he did steal them by the agency of one Bandynson, as also certain deeds of Edward Garnett of the Highe in Crosthwate.

[These depositions contain some curious particulars about the fraudulent abstraction of the deed from Tiddeman's chest in Underbarrow Chapel]; Orig. at Levens.

1548 By deed dated 22 November, 2 Edward VI (1548) Edward Bethom of Tullytwhate, gent., conveyed to Alan Bellyngham of Helsyngton, gent., his lands and tenements in Underbarrowe, called Tullytwhate alias Trantwhate; ib.

1549 Inquest taken at Heppe, 1 May, 3 Edward VI, before Ambrose Lancaster, escheator: James Laybourne, knight, was seised at his death of the manor or capital messuage of Connyswyke and certain lands and tenements in Tranthwayt, also certain lands and tenements in Brathelake, worth yearly clear 20 marks. The premises in Conneswyke and Tranthwayt are held of William, marquis of Northamptom, in socage by a pound of pepper and fealty only; those in Brathelake are held of the said Marquis by 1 grain of pepper and fealty only, worth yearly 20 marks. He was also seised of certain lands and tenements in Skelmesmarshe, otherwise Skelmsser, worth yearly clear £20, held of the said marquis as of his castle of Kendall in socage by [a pair of] gilt spurs; and of certain lands in Nowleddall, otherwise Lange Sledall, worth yearly clear £10, held of the said marquis in socage as of his purparty of the barony of Kendall by rent of one sore (fn. 5) sparrowhawk and one penny; also of certain lands and tenements in Wynstere, worth yearly clear 40s., held of the said marquis in socage by rent of one pound of cumin. He died 20 August last (1548) and Nicholas Laybourn, esquire, is his son and next heir, now aged 32 years; Excheq. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, file 140, n. 1.

1550 In Easter term, 4 Edward VI (1550) William Turner of Lancaster and Margaret his wife and Nicholas Bethome passed by fine to Alan Bellingham, esq., 20 messuages, 20 gardens, 20 orchards, 40 a. land, 10 a. meadow, 10 a. pasture, 6 a. wood, 100 a. common and 10 a. turbary in Underbarrowe. Consideration 130 marks; Feet of Fines, Easter term, 4 Edward VI.

1554 Robert Sleddall and Margaret his wife passed by fine to Miles Bateman tenements in Kyrkby in Kendale, Underbarre and Bradleyfeld; Feet of Fines, Mich. term, 1 Philip and Mary.

1556 Tithe roll of the rectory of Kirkby Kendale: The laite lord Marquies of Northampton [his lands]; Greynryge 17s.; Grygge hawle 6s. 8d.; Roll at Levens.

1558–1603 A rental of Underbarrow. (fn. 6)

Miles Bateman for Tullywhait Hall 4 8
The same for another tenement .. ..
William Rollandson .. ..
B 3 4
George Robinson (late Thomas Robinson) 1 4
Relict of James Burrowe (later Alan Birket) 4 0
Burrowe 3 6
Relict of 3 4?
Giles Chater (then Barnard Gilpin and later Allan Birkhead) 5 0
Christopher Towanson
Nicholas Bir[kehead]
Jackson (?)
George Birkehead 3 0
Relict of Roger Bethome (then Edward Bethom and later William Beatham 3 4
Halley (later Christopher Halley) 4 0
Henry 4 ?
The same Henry for a Byefier 1 0
Relict of William Halleye for a tenement on the west end of Crooke of ancient time improved of the lord (later Thomas Stan). . . . .)
Allan Wilson for the Olde close
Nicholas
art H 5 ?
John Bratwhat 1 0
James Tidiman for 2 a. and turbary 1 8
Bi]rkett 2 0
James Bethom

1567 By deed dated in the 10th year of Elizabeth (1567–8), James Beethom of Whampside in Underbarrow, yeoman, in consideration of £20, granted to James Bellingham of Over Levens, esq., the messuage called Whampside, lying in Rawthworth in Underbarrow, with the houses, lands etc. thereto belonging, except a close called Nether Merbank, containing 3 a., and another close called Over Merbank, containing 3 a.; R. of D. at Levens.

1577 By deed dated 8 (or 18) March, 19 Elizabeth (1577), Richard Holley, "cytysyn and marchant off London," after reciting a debt of Robert Holley, his brother, to him of money for his preferment, releases to Alan Bellingham of Fawcett Forest, esq., certain premises in Underbarro; ib. (Document much mulitated).

1591Inquest taken at Appelbie . . . January, 33 Elizabeth, before Christopher Dalston, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Thomas Lancaster, Wm. Hudson, Thos Loughe, gentlemen, Edward Bradley, Thos Sanderson, Richard Hill, Edward Roose, John Dobson, Thos Bird, John Winter, John Shepherd, John Wilden, Wm Hall, Thos Warcoppe, Bartholomew Dobson and John Bracken, who say that: John Scott on the day he died was seised of 2 parts of 9 messuages in tenure of Nicholas Fisher, Adam Shepherd, Anthony Jackson, John Sadler, Rowland Baxter, Miles Chester, James Wilson, Robert Walker and Henry Beck with divers acres of land thereto belonging in Kirkby Kendall and Bradley Feld. Said 9 messuages and other the premises held of queen as of her castle of Kentdall in socage by fealty and suit of court at her manor of Kentdall and payment of 12d. yearly to the said castle worth yearly clear 50s. John Scott died 22 June, 22 Elizabeth (1580) and Mongo Scott is his brother and nearest heir, aged 21 years and upwards now. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 277, n. 281.

1616 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 26 September, 14 James I, before Roger Otwaie, escheator. Anne Bateman was seised at her death of 3 messuages in Underbarrowe called "Tranthwaite Hall, Cooke's tenement and Peperhouse," formerly purchased from William Burrowe, gentleman; of messuages or tenements in Underbarrowe and Crooke lately purchased from George Gilpine, esq.; of the messuage or tenement on the west side of "Lyndeth Browe" in Tranthwaite within Underbarrowe, formerly purchased from Nicholas Layborne, esq.; of 2 messuages or tenements in Underbarrowe and Bradleyfeild; of another messuage or tenement near "Stramangat Brigge" with 5 acres of land thereto belonging in Mintsfeete; of certain burgages or tenements in the town of Kirkbie Kendall, formerly purchased from Robert Sleddall, gentleman; and of a messuage or tenement in Rathworth in Underbarrowe. She died on 6 July, 14 James I (1616) and Miles Bateman is her kinsman and next heir, namely brother of Nicholas Bateman, deceased, father of the said Anne, aged 30 years at Anne's death.

The burgages in Kirkbie Kendall are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkbie Kendall by featy and rent in free burgage; the messuages, lands etc. in Tranthwate, Underbarrowe, Crooke, Bradley feild and Mintsfeete are held of the king as above by several rents and services unknown to the jurors; the 3 messuages in Underbarrowe, called Tranthwaite Hall, Cooke's tenement and Peperhouse and the messuages or tenements in Underbarrowe and Crooke, Lyndeth browe, Tranthwaite, Bradley feild, Stramangat, Mintsfeet and the messuages or tenements in the town of Kirkby in Kendall are worth yearly clear £3 16s. od.; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 55, n. 198.

1628 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 26 September, 4 Charles I, before Henry Cowper, esquire, escheator, the jurors say that: James Strickland, gent., of Bradleyfield, being seised of a messuage or tenement in Bradelefeild and 33 a. land, meadow and pasture there by his charter dated 10 May, 21 James I (1623) granted the said premises to James Strickland, senior, of Helsfell, gentleman, his uncle, and his heirs to the sole use of the said James Strickland of Helsfell, his heirs and assigns. By virtue of which charter James Strickland of Helsfell was seised of the premises at the time of the death of James Strickland of Bradeleyfeild, and still is seised thereof.

The premises are held of the king as of his purparty and manor of Kendall called "Marquesse Fee" in free socage, namely, by fealty and a free rent of "a ratable parte of a quatern of a pound of pepper" yearly at Michaelmas, worth yearly clear 10s. James Strickland of Bradeleyfeild died 25 December, 2 Charles I (1626) and Charles Strickland, now of Bradleyfeild, is his son and next heir, now aged 4 years and 10 months; Court of Wards, Inq. p.m., vol. 78, n. 61.

1629 Inquest taken at Kirkbiekendall, 28 August, 5 Charles I, before John Cowper, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Thomas Brigges, William Helme, William Hodgson, Christopher Phillipson, John Birkeheade, William Potter, William Jeninges, Ranulph Blaymyre, Henry Becke, gentlemen, Roger Ayrey, Thomas Dixon, Richard Speighte, John Powe and Nicholas Cocke, yeomen, who say that: Charles Strickland, yeoman, long before his death was seised of 2 parts (in 3 to be divided) of a messuage or tenement in Bradeley feild in his own tenure and one third part of said messuage in reversion after the death of Alice Strickland widow, his mother, and 30 acres of land to said messuage belonging.

Premises held of the king as of the purparty of the barony or manor of Kendall called "Marquess Fee" in free socage namely: by fealty and a free rent of "a rateable parte of a quaterne of a pound of pepper" yearly to be paid at feast of St. Michael the Archangel for all services, and they are worth yearly clear 10s.

Charles Strickland died 21 May last (1629) and Thomas Strickland is his uncle and next heir namely brother of James Strickland, deceased, father of said Charles Strickland, and Thomas is aged 25 years and upwards now.

Alice late the wife of said James Strickland and mother of said Charles Strickland is living, a widow, at Kendall. Chan. Inq. p. mort. ser. ii, vol. 727, n. 194.

1633 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 31 August, 9 Charles I, before Richard Branthwaite, gentleman, escheator, by the oath of Christopher Lancaster, esquire, Henry Backhouse, Thomas Wilson, Henry Heblethwaite, John Smith, Henry Fisher, Adam Sheppard, Thomas Baines, James Wadeson, Robert Cooke, Edmond Newby, Randall Blaymire, James Audland, John Walley and Robert Chamber who say that: Robert Pepper of Underbarrow, yeoman, long before and on the day he died was seised of a messuage, 4 acres of land, 2 acres meadow, 5 acres pasture, in Underbarrowe to said messuage belonging and so died seised 20 February last (1632–3).

Premises held of king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques fee" in free socage, worth yearly clear 5s. John Pepper is son and next heir of said Robert, aged 27 years and upwards now. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 727, n. 194.

1636 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 16 December, 12 Charles I (1636) before Henry Harrison, gentleman, escheator. The jurors say that: Miles Baitman, of Tranthwaite, gentleman, was seised of a capital messuage and tenement called Tranthwaite, 30 a. land, 10 a. meadow, 10 a. pasture thereto belonging; 9 messuages and tenements and 12 cottages in Tranthwaite in Underbarrowe and of 30 a. land, 6 a. meadow, 10 a. pasture thereto belonging in the occupation of customary tenants there; and also of a messuage and tenement, 4 a. land in Bradley Feild in the possession of Edward Backster, customary tenant there. So seised, Miles Baitman granted the said premises as follows: Indenture made 22 December, 11 Charles I (1635) between Miles Bateman of Tranthwaite, gentleman, of the one part and Miles Bateman of Tullithwaite, shearman, Robert Brigges of the same, tanner, and George Warde of Kirkbie Kendall, yeoman, which witnesses that Miles Bateman has granted to Bateman, Briggs and Warde the capital messuage and tenement in Underbarrowe called "Tranthwaite" and his said messuages, lands and tenements there, and all other his lands, tenements and grounds there, to the use of himself and his assigns for life and after his death to the use of Randall Bateman his son, and the issue of his body lawfully begotten, and in default to Thomas Bateman, brother of the said Myles and the issue of his body etc., and in default to the right heirs of the said Myles for ever, upon condition that Randall Bateman and his heirs shall pay to Katherine Bateman, daughter of said Miles and sister of said Randall, £200 when she is 21 years of age and £10 yearly in the mean time towards her maintenance, and in default of such payment, to Katherine's use till payment be made. Miles Bateman died 25 December last (1635).

The capital messuage called "Tranthwait" and all the said messuages, tenements, cottages, lands etc. in Tranthwaite in Underbarrowe are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkeby Kendall called "le Marquis Fee" by one fourth part of a pound of pepper and by fealty for all services and are worth yearly clear £3 6s. 8d.; And the messuage and tenement in Bradley field are similarly held by knight service by the 200th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 2s. 6d. Randall (Randulphus) Bateman is his son and next heir, now aged 17 years, 1 month, 3 days; Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 89, n. 18.

1636 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 10 June, 12 Charles 1, before Henry Harison, escheator, by the oath of Francis Sisson, Henry Feild, Rowland Gibson, gentlemen, John Bainbrigge, Robert Harison, James Wadeson, Miles Williamson, William Jeninges, John Jackson, John Brigges, John Wholey, John Tayler, William Helme, Robert Robinson, Robert Walker and George Barker, yeomen, who say that: Adam Shepheard of Gill in Bradleyfield, yeoman, on the day he died was seised of a messuage and tenement and 20 acres arable land etc., in Bradleyfeild, which was of the inheritance of the late James Leybourne, esq.; 2 closes in Bradleyfield one called "le Uppermost Close" the other "Scroggy Close"; 2 acres of land in Stanylandes; I rood of land called "Cald Cale" and I rood of land at Gilside.

So seised he by his charter indented bipartite, dated 29 December, 11 Charles I (1635) made between him, the said Adam Shipheard of the one part and Edward Baxter, Henry Rowlandson of Bradleyfield and John Collinson of Loanefoot in Helsington of the other part, granted to them the capital messuage demesne lands and tenements called "Gill" with appurtenances to have and to hold to them and their heirs for ever to use of said Adam Shepheard and Agnes his wife, for their joint lives and the longest liver, with remainder after their deaths to Miles Kirby, son of William (? Henry) Kirby, senior, of Ulverston, co. Lanc., and of Elizabeth his wife, sister of said Adam and to the eldest male issue of said Miles lawfully begotten, for default of such then to the 2nd male issue, and so from one issue male in turns as long as there shall be any male issue of the body of Miles alive, then with remainder to the female issue of Miles, then to Adam Shepheard, junior, nephew of the half blood of the said Adam Shepheard and heirs of his body lawfully begotten, for default then to Henry Kirby, junior, first born son of aforesaid Henry Kirby, senior, and after the death of said Henry and of his heirs etc. with remainder to Margaret Kirby, sister of said Miles and Henry Kirby, senior, and heirs of her body lawfully begotten, for default of such to the right heirs of said Adam Shepheard, senior, for ever. It was moreover agreed between the parties and the said Adam Shepheard granted that immediately after his death and that of Agnes his wife, the said feoffees etc. and their heirs and the longest liver should be seised of the said granted premises to the intentions that if the said granted premises should descend to Miles Kirby or to any his issue aforesaid by the said conveyance the said feoffees etc., might enter into the said granted premises and have and hold the profits to their own use for 4 years and pay to Adam Shepheard, junior, his heirs, exors and assigns the sum of £40 in 4 years by equal portions. And if the said granted premises should descend to Adam Shepheard, junior, or the heirs of his body, then the sum of £40 in 4 years from the premises be paid to Henry Kirby, junior, and issue of his body in manner abovesaid. And if the said premises should descend to Henry Kirby, junior, or to the issue of his body as aforesaid then to pay the said sum of £40 to Margaret Kirby his sister and remainder of his brothers and sisters within 4 years next following his lawful entry or his issues lawful entry. And should the granted premises descend to Margaret Kirby and heirs of her body aforesaid then she and such heirs shall pay the said sum of £40 in 4 years next following her or their entry to her brothers and sisters and issue of their bodies then alive. Provided always that should Miles Kirby, Adam Shepheard, junior, Henry Kirby, junior, or Margaret or any of their issue or heirs of their bodies attempt to frustrate any limitations etc. to exclude any heir or his assigns from the premises or any parcel thereof, such person shall be precluded from the gifts or grants and their claims to such shall be ended etc., etc. Should Adam Shepheard, senior, at any time offer or pay to the feoffees their heirs or any of them to their use 5s., then it shall be lawful for him at any time to revoke or alter these presents.

Afterwards the said Adam Shepheard, senior, by his will, dated 25 January, 1636, bequeathed to Agnes his wife all his messuages, lands, etc., to have and to hold for her life according to the above deed of feofment. Moreover Adam Shepheard, senior, by a writing dated 28 January (1635–6), debarred Adam Shepheard, junior, from any claim of gift made to him concerning Adam (senior's) inheritance, only the £40 excepted. No legacy shall be paid to him until he shall sell or release his said claim. Should he decease before the legacy is paid to him, it shall be paid to the children of Henry Kirby and Margaret Kirby his sister, £20 to each. "I have delivered five shillings to Edward Baxter and Henry Rowlandson," etc.

The messuages, etc., late of James Laybourne's inheritance are held of the king as of the purparty of his barony of Kendall called "le Marquesse Fee" in socage namely by fealty and paying his part of a quarter of one pound of pepper and they are worth yearly clear 20s. The closes called "le Uppermost Close" and "Scroggy Close" and 2 acres of land in Stanylandes and I rood of land called "Cald Cale" and I rood of land at Gilside are held of the king as of the purparty of his barony of Kendall called "le Marquesse Fee" in socage, namely: by fealty paying his part of a quarter of one pound of pepper and they are worth yearly clear 13s. 4d.

Adam (Shepheard, senior), died 5 February, 11 Charles I, without heir of his body, and Elizabeth Kirby wife of William (? Henry) Kirby of Ulverston is sister and next heir of said Adam and she is aged 60 years or thereabouts. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 734, n. 37.

1641 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 15 September, 17 Charles I, before John Senhouse, esq., escheator, Robert Curwen, feodary, and Robert Rawlinson, gentleman, by the oath of Henry Fisher, Wm. Jenninges, Robt Robbinson, John Towers, Miles Walker, Henry Becke, Robert Walker, Edward Benson, Thos Strickland, Wm Helme, Thos Wilson, James Bell, Thos Birkett, Richd Becke and Giles Speight, gentlemen, who say that: Edward Fisher, long before and on the day of his death was seised of the manor or lordship of Kentmere; and a barn, 20 acres land, 10 acres meadow, 20 acres pasture in the town and fields of Kirkby Kendall called "the Lownd and lordes close"; also of a messuage and tenement, 6 acres land, 7 acres pasture called "Brigges Holme" in Bradley field; and 6 acres of land lying in 2 enclosures one of which is called "Watthowse" in Bradley field; also of a messuage and tenement, 10 acres land, 10 acres meadow, 10 acres pasture in Casterton.

So seised he by his will dated 6 July, 1639, bequeathed the premises in the town and fields of Kirkby Kendall called "le Lownd and lorde close" [and premises] in Bradley field to Nicholas Fisher, his son, and heirs male of his body lawfully to be begotten, and the premises in Casterton to the younger son Thomas Fisher and his heirs.

Edward Fisher died 11 April last (1641) and Nicholas Fisher is his son and next heir, aged 27 years and upwards then.

The manor or lordship of Kentmere is held of the king in chief by knight service, namely by one fortieth part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear £2. The premises in Kirkby Kendall called "le Lownd and lordes close" are held of the king as of his manor of East Greenwich in free and common socage and not in chief nor by knight service and are worth yearly clear 20s. The premises in Bradley field are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkby Kendall called "le Marquesse Fee" by knight service namely by one hundredth part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 10s. The premises in Casterton are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkby Kendall called "le Richmond Fee" by knight service and are worth yearly clear 10s. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 608, n. 17.

1641 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 30 June, 17 Charles I, before John Senhouse, esquire, escheator, by the oath of Henry Feild, John Baynbrigge, Thomas Willson, James Audland, John Brigges, John Glover, Brian Warriner, Henry Becke, John Jackson, James Bandison Miles Williamson, Rowland Bateman, John Pepper, Robert Harrison, John Warriner and Thomas Robbinson, gentlemen, who say that: James Bradley of Baynfier-howe, gentleman, long before and on the day he died was seised of a capital messuage and tenement called "Baynfyer howe"; 2 other small messuages and tenements in Rotherworth and 30 acres arable land, 10 acres meadow, 20 acres pasture to said messuages and tenements belonging. So seised he died 25 November, 15 Charles I (1639). Said 3 messuages and land are held of king as of his manor of Kirkbie Kendall called "le Marquesfee" by a yearly rent and suit of court of his said manor in free socage and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.

Roger Bradley is his son and next heir aged 19 years on 4 October last (1640). Jane Bradley, relict of said James Bradley has received the issues of the premises from the time of his death until now and is still living at Baynfyerhowe. Chan, Inq. p. mort., ser, ii, vol. 642, n. 29.

1641 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Kendall, 19 May, 17 Charles I, before John Senhouse, esq., escheator, by the oath of Henry Field, John Baynbrigge, John Killner, Edward Beethome, John Harrison, Edward Gathome, John Powe, Richard Collison, Richard Becke, Anthony Neallson, Robert Cooke, James Taylor, Henry Newbye and Robert Shepheard, who say that: Miles Bateman, father of Randulph Bateman named in the writ, long before his death was seised of a capital messuage and tenement called "Tranthwait," with 30 acres of land, 10 acres of meadow, 10 acres of pasture thereto belonging at Tranthwait and Underbarrowe; and 9 messuages, 12 cottages, 30 acres of land, 6 acres meadow, 10 acres pasture to the said messuages and cottages belonging at Tranthwait and Underbarrowe in several tenures of divers customary tenants thereof; and 1 tenement, 4 acres of land in Bradley feild.

So being seised the said Miles Bateman by his Indenture dated 22 December, 11 Charles I (1635) made between the said Miles Bateman of Tranthwaite, gentleman, of the one part and Miles Bateman of Tullithwaite, co. Westmorland, gentleman, Robert Brigges, of the same tanner, and George Warde of Kirkbie Kendall, yeoman, of the other part, enfeoffed the said Miles, Robert and George and their heirs of all the said premises. To have and to hold to them and their heirs to the use of said Miles, father of Randulph, for his life and after his death to use of said Randulph his son and heir and the heirs of his body lawfully to be begotten, in default of such to use of Thomas Bateman brother of said Miles and heirs of his body etc., for default of such to use of right heirs of said Miles for ever. By force of the Statute of uses Miles Bateman was seised of the premises for term of his life and after his death the said Randulph Bateman his son and heir long before and on the day of his death was seised of the premises in his demesne as of fee tail with remainders as abovesaid and by reason of the minority of the said Randulph heir of Miles all the premises came to the king's hands and so remain as is said.

The premises in Tranthwait and Underbarrow are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marquesse Fee" by fealty and a yearly rent, namely by a fourth part of a pound of pepper for all services and are worth yearly clear £3 6s. 8d. The premises in Bradleyfeild are held of the king as of his manor of Kirkbie Kendall called "le Marquesse Fee" by the service of one 200th part of a knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 2s. 6d.

Randulph Bateman, so as aforesaid seised, died 8 January, 14 Charles I (1638–9) and neither left or had issue or heir of his body lawfully begotten. And Thomas Bateman mentioned in the Indenture is living at Tranthwait and is seised or ought to be seised in his demesne as of fee tail of the premises and he claims that possession thereof be delivered out of the king's hands. Katherine Bateman is sister and next heir of the said Randulph and at the time of his death she was aged 17 years and more. Chan. Inq. p. mort., ser. ii, vol. 609, n. 79.

1669 Hearth Tax Roll; Lay Subsidy R. 195, n. 73.

Mr Rodger Bradley 6
Mr Musgrave 1
Willm Jeninges 1
Antho: Noble 1
Mr Randall Batemd 5
Willm Birkett 1
Chr: Barricke 1
Edward Court 1
Edw: Burrow 1
Myles Hayre 1
Robt Hubersty 1
Myles Hubersty 1
The same 1 unfinished
Willm Baldinson 2
The same 1 wald up
Myles Burrow 1
Robert Powe 2
Myles Hatthead 2
The same 1 wald up
Richard Birkett 2
Jannet Batemond 1
Willm Starnthwte 1
John Mattinson 1
Tho: Cowper 1
Myles Hayre 1
Tho: Cowper 1
Nich: Birkett 1
Myles Batemond 2
James Tydiman 1
Robt Docker 1
Tho: Rowanson 1
Tho: Knipe 2
Math: Hodghson 3
Tho: Gibson 1
Willm Garthropp 1
Widd: Baxter 1
John Rowanson 1
Antho: Jackson 1
Mich: Fisher 2
Mr John Wilkinson 5
Willm Hudson 2
Rich: Pepper 1
Tho: Crosfield 1
Rich: Taylor 1
Robt Hatthead 2
James Pepper 1
Willm Helley 1
Raph Fox 1
R. . . . Noble 1
. . . . . Powe 1
John Wilson 2
Robt Shawe 1
Willm Gilpin 1
The same 1 wald up
Chr: Birkett 1
Bryam Fleming 1
John Ward 1
These persons following are discharged by Certificates. Unpaid.
Chr: Phillipson l
Jane Hayre 1
Myles Halhead 1
Henry Birkett 1
Ellinor Girnell 1
Tho: Briggs 1
Annas Birkett 1
Widd: Ellertson 1
Robert Stewardson 1
Lawrence Addison 1
. . . . Hollowhead 1
Ed . . . . Williamson 1
Henry Court 1
Widd: Holme 1
John Vodghson 1
Widd: Clauson 1

1676 Rental of the Marquis Fee:—

Mr. Bradley for Cunswick a pound of pepper, 1s. 6d.

Mr. Randall Bateman for Tranthwaite in Underbarrow, 2s. 9d.; improvements in Underbarrow, several tenants, 10s. 2d.

The tenants of Bradley Field, a quarter of pepper, 4½d.

Footnotes

1 Assart, to make plain. Land cleared of roots in order to make it arable.
2 Tranthwaite; what is now known as the township of Underbarrow, was originally divided and known as the hamlets of Grenerig and Tranthwaite.
3 Routhworth.
4 Bowston.
5 A sore Sparrowhawk, is one so called until it has moulted for the first time.
6 Probably temp. Elizabeth. Underbarrow was a member of the manor of Helsington.