The descent of the manors in the parish of Kirkby Lonsdale deserves
a brief notice. With the exception of the rectory manor of Kirkby
Lonsdale all other manors in the parish were held of the barony of
Kendale. In Kirkby Lonsdale the rectory-manor probably comprised half or three-fourths of the vill and prior to the Reformation
was held immediately of the Crowm by the abbot and monks of St.
Mary's, York. Their tenants were the successive heads of the local
family, Ketel de Kirkeby Lonesdale, living towards the end of the
twelfth century, his son Adam and lastly, in the reign of John and
early in that of Henry III, the last of the line of hereditary parsons,
(by the enforcement of the Canon Law against married clerks)
namely John de Kirkby, whose daughter Alice, carried her territorial
inheritance in marriage to Richard son and heir of Alan de Coupland.
In 1283 Alan son of the said Richard held a fourth part of Kirkby
Lonsdale of William de Lindeseye for 12d. rent. About the feast of
the Purification, 17 Edward I (1289), Alan son of Richard de
Coupland gave lands in Docker, Whittington and Hutton (?) to
William son of John Le Gentle in marriage with his daughter,
Philippa. (fn. 1) There is no reference in this deed to lands in Kirkby
Lonsdale. How long this family held the manor is not known.
Possibly the rectory-manor was resigned to the abbey of St. Mary,
York, when the church of Kirkby Lonsdale was appropriated to the
monastery in 1240.
When the portion of the manor which was held of the barony of
Kendale again comes into view, namely in 1411, it was held by Thomas
Tunstall, knt., of Philippa, duchess of Ireland. This was probably
the estate known as Deansbigging, which was held in 1523 by Edward
Middleton, esq., as of the castle of Thurland. It passed on the death
of Christopher Middleton, gent., in 1603 to his son John.
At the dissolution of the monasteries the chief manor of Kirkby
Lonsdale passed to the Crown and was granted by Philip and Mary,
in 1558, to Thomas Carus, justice of the queen's bench temp. of queen
Elizabeth, who died 9 Sept., 1575, leaving an only daughter Elizabeth,
who afterwards married Sir Nicholas Curwen of Workington, as his
second wife. In 1587 Christopher Carus of Halton, brother of
Thomas, deceased, and Katherine his wife, Nicholas Curwen and
Elizabeth his wife by fine conveyed the manor to William Thornburgh,
esq., and Thomas Curwen, gent. Subsequently the manor was sold
to George Preston of Holker, esq., who died 5 April, 1640, possessed
of the manor and of "Over Biggings Hall" with the demesne lands.
Thomas Preston his son, then aged 36. suffered severely for his part
in the Civil War and died in 1678. He or his son Thomas sold the
manor of Kirkby Lonsdale to Sir John Lowther of Lowther, bart.
1090–1097 Ivo Talebois gave to St. Mary's, York, the church of KircabiLauenesdale with its land; Cal. of Chart. R. iii, 115.
1120–30 Ketel son of Eltred renewed the gift. See Heversham, p. 142.
1176 Account of the chatels of those who fled from justice or perished by
judgment of water; Peter [? Ketel] de Cherkebilonesdale 12d.;
Pipe R. 22 Henry II, p. 121.
1180–99 Adam de Kirkebi Lonesdale attested with other clergy a charter of
Benedict de Penington to the Hospital of St. Mary of Conishead,
of the Church of Muncaster and chapel of St. Aldeburg; Farrer,
Lancs. Pipe R., 361.
1184–1200 Ketel the clerk [of K. Lonsdale] gave to the canons of Cockersand his half part of Ruhcroft by the spring of Lindale to another
brook which falls into Lupton brook and by the bounds of Lupton
to those of Hoton and by the bounds of Hoton to the said spring,
with common rights in Kirkebylonnesdale; Chartul. of Cockersand
(Chetham Soc.), 911.
By another charter Ketel gave, with the consent of Adam his heir,
the moiety of Rudcroft with common rights etc. of his fee in the vill of
Kirkebilonnesdale; ib., 912.
As Ketel de Kirkebi Lonesdale he gave to the hospital of Cockersand 4 a. land below the road near Penningstein Howe, with common
rights of the vill, for the health of the soul of Heixstilda his wife.
Witnesses (named, including Adam the priest, John the parson,
Thomas the parson, 4 clerks, a chaplain and a deacon). Large seal
of white paste bearing two towers? Legend: sigillum ketelli
clerici de kirkby; ib.
Adam son of Ketel confirmed his father's gift in alms; and by
another charter gave to the brethren of Chokersond 9 a. land in
Kirkebi on the south side from Penigstain-hou of the highway leading
to Witintun, as far as the bounds of Witintun. Witnesses: John the
parson, William de Midiltun, Thomas the clerk Richard de Berebrun,
Gilbert his brother, Richard de Burrow, Robert de Hoton Roof; ib.
1190–1216 William de Heslewelle gave to the brethren of Cockersand 4 a. land
in Kirkeby Lonnesdale on the western side of Ruhcroft outermost of
his land towards Teueleshevit, with pasture for 10 beasts and 2
horses, saving the suit of his mill of the grain growing on that land;
Chartul. Cockersand (Chetham Soc)., 915.
1208 Richard de Preston and Erneburg his wife acknowledged that 40 a.
in Kirkeby Lonesdale and 10 a. in Whitinton (co. Lanc.) were the
right of Gilbert son of Gilbert, tenant; for this Gilbert gave them and
the heirs of Erneburg the land in Whitington; Feet of F., file 1, n. 30.
Roger de Carrus acknowledges that 8 bovates in Kirkebi Lonesdal
and 4 bovates in Dilacre are the right of William de Heselwell, who
gave thereof to Roger 3 bovates of the land in Dilacre held by William
de Cairus; ib., n. 33.
1210–12 John the parson of Kirkebilonesdale attests the grant by Aliz de
Rumeli, daughter of William son of Dunekan to the monks of Furness
of Borrowdale in Cumberland; Bain, Cal. of Docs. Scot., i, 97.
1227 Grant to John de Kirkeby, parson of the church of Kirkebi in
Lonnesdale and his successors of a yearly fair on the land of that
church on the eve, the feast and the morrow of the Nativity of St.
Mary (Sept. 7-9) and a weekly market there on Thursday; Cal. of
Chart. R. i, 60.
1227 John parson of Kirkebi Lonnesdale recovers his right in a small
tenement in Kirkebi Lonnesdale; Feet of F., file 3, n. 8.
1227 Adam de Killington acknowledges that 40 a. in Kirkebi Lonnesdale
are the right of John de Haselwell, tenant, who gave him 30 a. of the
land in a field called Scelmarethweit (mort d'ancestor); Feet of F.,
file 3, n. 10.
Gilbert son of Robert releases to Richard de Coupland, tenant, 2 b.
in Kirkeby Lonnesdale, for which Richard gave him 11½ a. there
(described); ib., n. 11.
1228 R[ ] abbot and the convent of Furness ratify the ordination by archbishop Walter (Gray) of the churches of Dalton, Urswick,
Millom and Kirkby Ireleth with their chapels and grant to the archbishop the mediety of the church of Millom and the church of Kirkeby
[Ireleth] with its chapels. Dated in May, 1228. Witnesses: Nicholas
de Kirkeby, then dean of Lonesdale, Thomas parson of Eversam,
Benedict Gernet, rector of the church of Halton, Robert de Clacton, (fn. 2)
William Bovill, (fn. 3) Nicholas son of Robert, rector of the church of
Kirkeby in Kendale; Reg. of Archbp. Gray (Surtees Soc.), 161n.
1229 John de Kirkeby demands against Richard de Copeland land in
Kirkeby Lonesdale which the said Richard held temp Richard I;
Curia Regis R. 104, m. 13.
1230 In an assize between John de Kirkeby, plaintiff, and Richard de
Copland, 8 knights and others are to be summoned from the vicinage
of Kirkeby Lonesdale, not being of the fee of William de Lancastre
nor of affinity to the parties, to recognize how much land the said
Richard holds in the said vill, of which the church of Kirkeby was
seised in the time of Richard I or after as of free alms of the said
church, and how much John de Kirkeby holds which belongs to the
fee of the said William de Lancastre, of which the ancestors of the said
William were seised as of their lay fee in the time of King Richard or
after. Richard puts in his place Adam le Chapelein; Cur. Regis R.
104, m. 13.
1235 The moiety of the vill of Kirkeby Lonesdall of the fee of the church
owes ½m. for a default; Parker; Pipe R. of Westm., 200.
1240 Licence from Gregory ix to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's,
York, to convert to their own use the church of Kirkebi in Lonesdale,
putting in a chaplain to serve it; Cal. of Papal Reg., i, 190, 221.
1240–50 Robert son of Robert Scatergod of Kyrckeby Lonesdale released to the canons of Cockersand all the land which he held of
them in Kyrkeby Lonesdale, namely the 4 a. described above, for
18s. Witnesses: John de Biginges, Henry de Quiteby, Matthew de
Casterton, William de Frenes, Adam de Hoton, William Banes,
William Sturnel, Robert son of Alan de Lupton, Michael de
Manesaghe, Stephen and Richard his sons, Thomas le Waleys and
Adam his brother; Chartul. of Cockersand (Chetham Soc.), 915.
1249– Alice daughter of John de Kyrkeby (fn. 4) grants at the porch of the
church where Richard son and heir of Alan Copland married her that
she was dowered of 100s. worth of land and rent in Wytinton of the
land of the same Sir Alan de Copland, and if by chance Richard her
husband shall predecease her in the life time of Alan his father, so
that she cannot claim any land or tenement of the same Alan in the
name of dower, if Alan survives Richard his son, but if Richard her
husband survives his said father this writing shall not injure her so
that she may according to the custom of the realm of England
demand and obtain dower in the lands of Richard her husband.
Witnesses: William de Furnesio, Michael his son, Sir Richard de
Brocton, Michael de Harrington, Ralph de Bethum, knights; Thomas
rector of Aldingham. Fragment of seal; Hist. MSS. Com., Rep.
xii, App. vii, 5.
1276 Elena daughter of John de Biggingges brought an assize of novel
disseisin against John de Bigginges touching a tenement in Kirkeby
in Lonesdale; Dep. Keeper's Rep. 45, App. 220.
1279 Adam son of John de Bygynges brought an assize of mort
d'ancestor against Gilbert de Whyteby touching a messuage and
land in Kirkeby in Lonnesdale; ib. 48, App. 104.
1283 Alan de Coupeland held a 4th part of Kirkeby Lonesdale of William
de Lindeseye for 12d. rent; it is worth 100s; Lancs. Inq., pt. i, 256.
1288 Robert de Kyrkeby of cos. York and Westmorland, acknowledges
a debt; Cal. Close R., 1288, p. 540.
1291 Some time subsequently to Ivo de Tailbois' gift to St. Mary's, but
when is not exactly known, the church of Kirkby Lonsdale, which
until then had been an Ecclesiastical Rectory, was made appropriate
to the said Abbey and a Vicarage was created and endowed. The
Vicarial endowment, Mr. Caley says (fn. 5) , cannot anywhere now be
found, yet the Vicarage must have been of ancient origin because it
is recognised in the Ecclesiastical Taxation of Pope Nicholas IV (1291)
and is there taxed or valued yearly at £16, while the Rectory of the
church is valued at £86 13s. 4d. But the Vicarial profits seem either
to have been overrated or greatly decreased by the Scottish devastations (fn. 6) for in the new taxation of Clement V (1318) they are only
valued at £3 6s. 8d. Between this time and the 26 Henry VIII, when
the General Eccles. Survey was made by Parliamentary authority,
but little intervenes either as to the Rectory, which continued to
belong to St. Mary's, or the Vicarage. The latter was according to
this Survey of the annual value of £20 15s. 2d. arising from a mansion
with glebe land per ann. £1 6s. 8d., tithes of Hay etc. What the
appropriate Rectory consisted of, best appears from a Record in the
Augmentation Office, entitled the "Minister's or Crown Receiver's
Account of the suppressed Monastery of St. Mary's, York,"
32 Henry VIII, where John Redeman, the Crown's collector, answers
for £53 6s. 8d. for the ferm of the Rectory there with the Tithes of
Sheaf Corn of the whole Parish there, so demised to Sir Galfrid
Middleton, knt. by indenture under the Common Seal of the late
monastery for the term of —years, payable at the Feasts of the
Purification of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Peter in Chains
equally. Hence it should seem that all tithes except those of corn
appertained to the Vicar, except the tithe of wood which perhaps has
never been taken by either party.
1294 March 22. Archbishop John le Romeyn visited Kirkby Lonesdale;
Reg. of Archbp. Romeyn (Surtees Soc.), ii, 201.
1302 Robert son of Eve and Matilda his wife recover by replevin their
land in Kirkeby in Lonnesdale, lately seized for their default against
Roger son of Alice daughter of William; Cal. Close R., 1302, p. 577.
1318 By the "nova taxatio" of Clement v the church was taxed at
£13 6s. 8d. and the Vicarage at £3 6s. 8d. See above under date 1291.
1332 Kirkeby Lonisdale. Subsidy of a fifteenth.
|Ralph de Le How
|William son of Ralph
|William son of John
|Robert de Lamberton
|Michael de Le How
|Adam de Bigginges
|Robert de Romondby
|William son of Chudbert
|Adam son of Nicholas
|Sum £30, whereof to the king 40s.
Inspeximus of a charter dated at Chertsey, 20 Sept., II Henry III,
in favour of John de Kirkeby, parson of Kyrkeby in Lonnesdale, and
confirmation of the same to the Abbot of St. Mary's, York, now
parson of that church, who holds it with the convent of that place to
their own use; Cal. of. Chart. R. iv, 342.
1355 John de Gillyng held of William de Coucy, deceased, lands in
Kirkeby in Lonesdale by cornage, wardship and relief and still holds
them; Cal. Inq. ix, 457.
1358 William de Berdesay has the custody of certain lands and tenements
late of Thomas Sele, deceased, in Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Abbrev. R.
Original., ii, 249b.
1365 Grant to Richard de Wisebeche, vicar of the church of Kirkeby in
Lonesdale and Thomas Banes (fn. 7) of pontage for six years in aid of the
repair of the bridge of Kirkeby in Lonesdale on things for sale passing
by or under that bridge between the priory of Horneby and
Gratrehals; Cal. Pat. R., 1365, p. 129.
1366 Pardon of outlawry for Roger de Slaytburn, clerk, for not answering
Richard de Wysbech, vicar of the church of Kirkeby in Lonnesdale
touching a plea of debt of 100s.; Cal. Pat. R. 1366, p. 330.
1370 Kirkeby: of . . . . .[and] Thomas . . . .[for their tithe], two
windles, 2s. 8d.; Roger . . . ., seven windles, 9s. 4d.; John son of
. . . . 1½ windles, 2s.; Adam de Cam. .land (?), 3 windles, 4s.; Roll
at Levens (imperfect).
1375 William de Bourdale held of Joan late the wife of John de Coupeland divers tenements below (sub) the vill of Kyrkby [viz. in Hutton
Roof] by homage and fealty and the yearly service of 16d.; Chan.
Inq. p.m., 49 Edward III, 1st. nos., n. 29.
1375 Commission for the arrest and delivery to the Marshalsea prison
of William de Redman of Fayrthwayt, Robert son of William de
Doufbiging of Bentham, William son of John Forster of Aldwenyngton, Christopher son of Edmund Forster of Bentham, Edward son of
William de Redmane of Fayrthwayt [others of Bentham named],
Henry Kittokson de Redman" of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and Matilda
his wife, Richard son of Thomas de Laghfot, John Rast of Kendale,
Agnes late the wife of John Hunter of Wytigton and John son of
William Forster of Bethame (sic), who are indicted of the death of
Alan Proctour, killed at Dent, as the king has been informed. . . .
that the said malefactors, banded together with others, are vagabonds
in divers parts of the realm, threatening to kill their indictors and the
said friends and to burn their houses; Cal. Pat. R. 1375, p. 135;
1377, p. 88.
1381 Pardon for William Taillour of Kirkeby in Lonesdale and John del
Fell of Middleton in Lonesdale for the death of Richard Cayrous of
Dent killed before 1 December, 4 Richard II; Cal. Pat. R. 1381, p. 91.
1384 Pardon for Thomas Smyth of Kirkeby in Lonesdale for the death of
Roger Waryner; Cal. Pat. R. 1384, p. 487.
1392 Inquest taken at Kirkeby in Lonesdale on Monday after the
Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 16 Richard II (15 September, 1392), by
the oath of Hugh de Salkeld, Adam Bacon, John Adkynson, Hugh
(or Henr.?) Watson, William Ferour, John de Bradeley, Robert
Ward, Henry de Ullathorn, William de Lafet, William de C. . . .aw,
John Bone and Robert Thomlynson, who say that it is not to the
injury of the king or others if the king grant licence to Nicholas de
Stengreve, vicar of Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Thomas de Brunby, vicar
of St. Lawrence, Appleby, William Gascoigne, chaplain, and John
Thornour, chaplain, to alienate in mortmain to the abbot and convent
of St. Mary's, York, six messuages, 76 a. and one rood land, 14 a.
meadow and 3½ a. wood in Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Whelprige, Berburne
and Casterton. Of these premises three messauges, 17 a. one rood
land in Kirkeby in Lonesdale are held of the said abbot and convent,
who hold of the king in chief by knight's service and 3s. 6d. rent and
are worth 6s. 8d.; three messuages, 40 a. land, 10 a. meadow, 1½ a.
wood and waste at Whelprigge in the vill of Berburne are held of
Ralph Lascelles by knight's service, by fealty and 7d. yearly rent and
are worth 20s. yearly; and Ralph holds them of Lady Phillippa,
duchess of Ireland, as of the inheritance of the Lord of Coucy, and she
holds of the king in chief; 19 a. land, 4 a. meadow, 2 a. wood and waste
in the vill of Casterton are held of Lady Philippa, duchess of Ireland,
by knights' service and by fealty and 18d. rent, and are worth 6s. 8d.;
Chan. Inq. p.m., 16 Richard II, n. 114.
1392 Licence to the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, York, for the
alienation to them in mortmain by Nicholas de Stayngreve, vicar of
Kirkeby in Lonesdale and others of inter alia 3½ messuages, 4 tofts,
114½ a. 1 rood of land, 9 a. meadow, 6 a. pasture, 6 a. turbary and 6 a.
wood in Kirkeby in Lonesdale, Kirkeby Becoke, Gosford, Bolton
and Distington; Cal. Pat. R. 1392, p. 176.
1400 Grant by Robert Banes of Melling and Robert Holme to Thomas,
son of Thomas Tunstall, knt., of the lands and tenements in Kirkby
Lonesdale with the fourth part of the lordship of the said vill, which
they had by the gift of the said Thomas Tunstall, knt. Given at
Kirkby Lonesdale on Thursday on the feast of St. Mary Magdalene,
I Henry IV (22 July, 1400); Dodsworth's MS. 62, f. I.
1403 Ratification of the estate of Nicholas Stayngrave, as vicar of the
church of Kirkeby in Lonesdale; Cal. Pat. R. 1403, p. 305.
1411 Thomas Tunstall, chivaler, held of Philippa, late the wife of Robert
de Veer, late duke of Ireland, certain lands and tenements in Kirkeby
in Lonesdale [and] . . . . yland by homage and fealty and for 12d.
rent, worth 50s.; Chan. Inq. p.m., 13 Henry IV, n. 44.
1417 Grant by Thomas de Baglay of Eseby, near Richmond, to John de
Preston of Byggyng, now of the county of Appilby and Richard his
son of land in Claghton, co. Lanc, which descended to the grantor after
the death of William de Baglay his father. Witnesses. Richmond,
Michaelmas, 5 Henry v (1417); Orig. at Sizergh.
1428 John Kempe, cardinal-priest of Santa Balbina and lord Archbishop
of York, made a visitation to the church on Sep. 7, 1428, and again on
Sep. 18, 1442. Surtees Socy. vol. 127, pp. 207, 278.
1451 Richard Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5 a. land in Bygynges
at will and ½ a. land for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1294.
1461 Rental of Cockersand Abbey (as in 1451).
1470 Edmund Chaderton, rector of Broughton, exchanged the rectory
for the vicarage of Kirkby Lonsdale; Test. Ebor. (Surtees Soc.), IV,
1470 John Patrik, son and heir of Richard Patrik, late of Tevelneshed, (fn. 8)
parish of Kyrkby Lonysdall, deceased, appoints Christopher Partrik
of Byggyng in the said parish and Richard Johnson of the same, his
attorneys to surrender into the lord's hands in the court of the abbot
and convent of St. Mary near York, to be held at Kyrkby Lonysdall,
a tenement and land at Teuelished within the lordship of Kyrkby, to
the use of Reginald Pryston of Byggyng, his heirs etc., to hold of the
abbot and convent. Dated 2 May, 10 Edward IV (1470); Orig. at
1501 Leonard Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5½ a. land in Byggyngg
called Lamyscrofte for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1295.
1519 Anthony Middleton of the City of York, "marchaund" states in
his will: "I bequeath on trentall (fn. 9) of messes to be downe at Kirkby
Londesdaill for my soull my father saull and all Cristen saulles,
x.s"; Proved 20 June, 1520; Reg. Test. Ebor., v, 102.
1530 Papal dispensation for William Gresham to hold the vicarage of
Kirkby Lonsdale in commendam; (fn. 10) Brit. Mus., Stowe, 598.
1537 Thomas Preston holds of Cockersand Abbey 5½ a. land in Byggynges
called Lamyscroft for 12d. rent; Chartul. of Cockersand, 1295.
1571 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonesdall 22 September, 13 Elizabeth (1571),
before John Myddleton, esquire, and Reg[inald Warcopp, gentleman,
Feodary of the county of Westmoreland] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Thoms Strickland, esq., Walter Chamber, Richard Bowskill, Thos
Warde, George Mansearth, junior, Richd Myddleton of Langthwate,
Edward Baynbrige, Thurstan May, Robt Lawrence, Edw . . . . . .
William Baynes and John Baynes, gentlemen, who say that:
The late king and queen, Philip and Mary, were seised in their
demesne as of fee in right of their crown of England in right of the said
late queen in her demesne as of fee of the manor of Kyrkbylo[nsdall]
and so seised they by letters patent dated at Westminster 2 July,
4-5 Philip and Mary (1558) . . . . . .granted to the said Thomas
Carus and Katherine his wife the manor aforesaid with all its rights
and members and Courts Views of frankpledge markets fairs etc.,
to have and to hold to Thomas and Katherine and the heirs of Thomas
for ever as more fully appears in the letters patent shewn to Jurors.
By virtue whereof Thomas and Katherine were seised, he of fee and
she of free tenement. They further say that Thomas Carus was
seised in his demesne as of fee of the whole of the late chantry of St.
Leonard called "the Spittle" in Kirkbylonesdaill . . . . . .lands etc.
thereto belonging; and of the manor of Hutton rooffe otherwise
Hutton ruffe with all its rights and members; and of . . . . . . .in
the said county and in co. Lancaster and of all the lands etc. to the
said capital messuage belonging or let therewith in Hutton roofe and
. . . . . . . . . . . acres of land in Greslacke, and of 5 messuages in
Hutton rooffe commonly called Windyates, and of all the lands etc.
to the said messuages belonging in Hutton . . . . . . . . . . moiety
of 1 acre of land called "Simpkin manner," situated in Windyates;
and of 1 close of land and meadow called "Lambeclose" lying in
Over biggins . . . . . . . . . "Lambeflatte" lying in Over biggins.
And the said Thomas Carus so being seised, by his charter dated
12 February . . . . Elizabeth, shewn to Jurors, . . . . . . . . . .
[Christopher Carus], gentleman his second son an annuity of £20
issuing from all his lands and tenements. To have and receive
. . . . . . . . . . By virtue whereof the said Christopher was
seised of same for term of his life and still is living.
Thomas Carus made his will and by it bequeathed to Gressillia one
of his daughters £200 to be levied and received from . . . . . . . . . .
Thornebrough £10 and to Katherine Ellis £10. To be levied and
received from his lands tenements and hereditaments aforesaid.
And also by his will . . . . . . . . manors, messuages, lands etc. to
Thomas Carus his son and heir apparent and heirs male of his body
lawfully begotten and in default of such . . . . . . . .
He, so being seised, died and Katherine his wife survived him and
solely held the manor of Kirkbylonesdaill.
After his father's death Thomas Carus, junior, by virtue of the legacy
in his father's will was seised of two parts of all and singular the tenements aforesaid . . . . . . . . . . . with remainder to himself and his
heirs male of his body, with remainder to the aforesaid Christopher
Carus and heirs male of his body, with remainder to the right heirs of
the aforesaid Thomas . . . . . . . .
The manor of Kirkbylonesdaill is held of the queen in chief by
service of one 40th part of a knight's fee for all services and is worth
yearly clear £xv . . s. . . [the Chantry] called "the Spittle" and all
the lands etc. to the said chantry belonging are held of the queen in
chief by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly
clear £4 13s. 4d. . . . . . . . . . . and all the lands and tenements to
the said messuage belonging are held they know not of whom, nor by
what service and are worth yearly clear £3 1s. 10d. and the said 10
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . they know not and they are worth yearly
clear 10s. And the manor of Hutton roofe or Hutton ruffe is held of
. . . . . . . . . . they know not and is worth yearly clear £20
10s. 8½d. The 5 messuages called Wyndyates and lands belonging
thereto . . . . . . . they know not and they are worth yearly clear
18s. The 2 closes called Lambeflatte and Lambeclose are held of
whom they know not nor by what service . . . . . . . . .
Thomas Carus, senior, had no more manors, lands etc. in the county
on the day he died, namely on 5 July, 13 Elizabeth (1571) and Thomas
Carus, junior, is his son and . . . . . . . . . 26 years and upwards now.
Note. The right edge of the Inquisition is gone so no line is complete.
Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 159, n. 79.
1576 Inquest taken at Kyrkbye in Kendall . . . . January, 18 Elizabeth
(1575–6), before Thomas Preston and Edwd Middleton, esquires, and
Thomas Brathwaite, gentleman, deputy feodary, by the oath etc.,
who say that:
Long before the death of Thomas Carus, esquire, the king and
queen, Philip and Mary, were seised in their demesne as of fee in
right of the queen's crown of the manor of Kirkeby Lonsdall with its
rights and members all in co. Westmorland and so seised they by their
letters patent dated at Westminster 2 July, 4 and 5 Philip and Mary
(1558) granted to Thomas Carus late one of the present queen's
Justices assigned to hold pleas before her, father of the Thomas
Carus of this Inqn and Katherine late the wife of Thomas Carus,
senior, the said manor. To have and to hold to Thomas, senior, and
Katherine and the heirs of Thomas for ever as appears in the letters
patent shown to the jurors, by virtue whereof Thomas, senior, and
Katherine were thereof seised, to wit: Thomas in his demesne as of
fee and Katherine in her demesne as of free tenement. Thomas
Carus, senior, was further seised in his demesne as of fee of the whole
of the late chantry of St. Leonard called "le Spittell" in Kyrkebye
Lonsdell and all the messuages, lands etc. thereto belonging; and of
the manor of Hutton Rooff, otherwise Hutton Ruff with all its rights
and members in co. Westmd; and of one capital messuage called
"Greislacke" in co. Westmorland and co. Lancaster and all the lands
etc. to the same belonging lying in Hutton Roof and Kirkbie Lonsdell;
and of 10 acres of land in Graslacke in co. Westmd; and of 5 messuages
in Hutton Rooff commonly called "Wyndyeates" and all the lands
and tenements to the said messuage belonging in Hutton Rooff; and
of one messuage and a moiety of one acre of land called "Sympkin
manor" situate in Windyeates in co. Westmd; and one close of land
and meadow called "Lambeclose" lying in Overbygens in co. Westmd
and one close of land or pasture called "Lambesflate" lying in Overbigens in co. Westmd. So seised he by his deed dated 12 Feb.,
11 Elizabeth (1568–9), shewn to jurors, granted to Christopher Carus
his second son an annuity of £20 out of all his aforesaid lands and
tenements. To have and receive for term of his life, who thereupon
became seised of the said annuity for his life and the said Christopher
Carus still lives.
They say further that the said Thomas Carus, senior, so being
seised of all the aforesaid premises made his will and by it bequeathed
all the said manors, messuages, lands etc. to Thomas Carus of this
Inqn and the heirs male of his body, lawfully begotten, with remainder
in default of such to Christopher Carus his second son and heirs male
etc., with remainder in default of such to his own right heirs for ever.
So seised of all the above Thomas Carus, senior, died and Katherine
his wife survived him and solely held the manor of Kirkbie Lonsdell
and still lives.
After the death of Thomas, senior, Thomas Carus, junior (of this
Inqn) by virtue of the will became seised of two parts of all the tenements specified in the will, in three parts to be divided, in possession
reversion and remainder to him and his heirs male etc. with remainder
etc. to Christopher and heirs male etc with remainder etc to Thos,
junior's (? senior's) right heirs for ever; and a third part of the said
tenements, being the residue, descended to Thomas, junior, as son
and heir of the said Thomas, senior. So seised he assigned in dower
to the said Katherine his mother the chantry of St. Leonard called
"le Spittell" of the annual rent of £3 10s. 4d. And divers lands and
tenements in Kirkebie le Spittell in Wyndyeates in Greislack and
Hutton Roof of the annual rent of £5 3s. 4d.
Thomas Carus, junior, long before his death was seised of 12
messuages, 80 acres of land, 30 acres of meadow, 40 acres of pasture,
to the said messuage adjoining in Perells Yeate, Telueside, Kestwhait,
and Kirkbie Lonsdell in co. Westmd; and one messuage certain lands
and tenements thereto adjoining in Hutton Rooff now or late in the
tenure of John Wylson.
So seised of the aforesaid several estates in all the above manors,
messuages, lands and tenements the said Thomas Carus died without
heir male of his body begotten.
The manor of Kirkbie Lonsdell is held of the queen in chief by
service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear
£17 2s. 8½d. The chantry of St. Leonard called le Spyttell and all the
lands and tenements thereto belonging are held of the queen in chief
by service of one 40th part of a knight's fee and is worth yearly clear
£4 13s. 4d. The capital messuage called "Greislack" and all thereto
belonging are held of whom and by what service they know not and
are worth yearly clear £3 1s. 10d. The 10 acres in Greislacke are
held of whom and by what service they know not and are worth
yearly clear 10s. The manor of Hutton Ruff is held of whom and by
what service they know not and is worth yearly clear £20 10s. 8½d.
The five messuages called Windyattes and lands thereto belonging,
tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 18s. The tenement
and half acre called Simpkin Manor, tenure and service not known,
worth yearly clear 5s. The two closes called Lambesflatt and Lambeclose, tenure and service not known, worth yearly clear 6s. 8d. The
12 messuages and lands etc. adjoining in Perells Yate, Telueside,
Kestwhat and Kirkbie Lonsdell, tenure and service not known, worth
yearly clear £3 9s. The premises in tenure of John Wylson, tenure
and service not known, worth yearly clear 8s.
Thomas Carus held nothing more in co. Westmorland on day he
died, namely: 9th September, 17 Elizabeth (1575) and Elizabeth
Carus is his only daughter and heir and on the day of his death she
was aged 13 years, 7 months and no more. And the aforesaid
Christopher still lives. And Thomas Carus long before his death and
at the time, had a wife Anne Carus who survived him and still lives.
Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 16, n. 29.
1587 Elizabeth, by the grace of God, queen etc. to Edward Standyshe,
esq., Thomas Lathome, esq., Nicholas Rigbye, gent., Alexander
Rigbye. gent., deputy escheator in co. Lanc., and Edward Rigbie,
gent., our feodary in co. Lanc., greeting. Know that we have assigned
you 5 etc. our commrs to enquire what lands etc. Francis Tunstall,
esq., deceased held of us etc., on the day he died etc. Dated at Lancaster 28 June, 29 Elizabeth (1587).
Note. It is impossible to examine this Inquisn. It has been much
discoloured by fluid the whole width of the document at the top, for
many lines, and the same at the end of the document for many lines.
In the middle, the following words can be seen fairly clearly "and
of one fourth part of the manor of Kirkbie in Lonsdale in co. Westmoreland."
1604 Lady Elizabeth the relict of Sir Nicholas Curwen gave the site for a
free Grammar School at Kirkby Lonsdale, founded in 1591, and also
certain parcels of land near the "Biggins." Cal. State Papers, 161118, p. 268.
1605 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall 16 November, 3 James I (1605),
before Thomas Lamplughe, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland,
by virtue of his office, by the oath etc. who say that: Christopher
Middleton on the day of his death was seised in his demesne as of fee
of the manor of Denisbyginge and divers lands, arable, meadow and
pasture thereto belonging. The said manor and lands are held of the
castle of Thurlande in socage by fealty and a rent of 2d. yearly for all
services and are worth yearly clear 26s. 8d.
Christopher Middleton died 13 May, 1 James I (1603), and John
Middleton is his son and heir and he is aged 13 years and upwards
now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 29, fo. 140.
1610 Inquest taken at Orton 24 September, 8 James I (1610), before
Christopher Woodd, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the
oath of Thomas Wharton, esq., Randall Washington, George Loughe,
Robert Backhus, Christopher Crakanthorpe, gentlemen, Edward
Harreson, Richard Nevison, Leonard Birkbeck, Thomas Gibson,
Robert Holme, John Harreson and James Ward, yeomen, who say
that: William Dixson, yeoman, on the day he died was seised of one
messuage and tenement in Kirkby Lonsdall lately purchased by him,
and seven acres of land in "le North Riddinges" to the said messuage
belonging; and of one messuage or tenement in Kestwhait and four
acres of land thereto belonging which is held of lady Elizabeth
Curwene, widow, as of her manor of Kirkby lonsdall in free socage by
fealty and suit of Court of that manor. But of whom the messuage in
Kirkby lonsdall and seven acres in le Northe Riddinges are held and
by what services they know not. The premises in Kesthwaite are
worth yearly clear 6s. 8d.
William Dixson died 24 November, 7 James I (1609) and Richard
Dixson is his son and nearest heir and he is aged 16 years now.
Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 675, n. 119.
1611 Inquest taken at Kirkby Kendall, 30 August, 9 James I (1611),
before John Lowther, esquire, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by
writ of "diem clausit," by the oath etc. who say that: Lady Elizabeth
Curwen long before her death was seised in her demesne as of fee of the
manor of Kirkby Lonesdale and 30 messuages, 7 tofts, 2 mills, 1
dovecot, 30 gardens, 300 a. land, 50 a. meadow, 300 a. pasture, 10 a.
wood, 1500 a. furze and heath, 10s. rent in Kirkbie Lonesdale, Biggins,
Girslacke and Kestthwaite. So seised she by her writing dated
16 March, 8 James I (1610-11) enfeoffed of the premises Henry
Widdrington of Widdrington Castle, co. Northumberland, knight, and
lady Mary his wife, to have and to hold to them their heirs and
assigns for ever, to the use of the said lady Elizabeth Curwen and her
assigns for her life without impeachment of waste, with remainder
after her death to said Henry Widdrington and Lady Mary his wife
and heirs of their bodies lawfully begotten and to be begotten and in
default of such to right heirs of said Henry and Mary for ever.
The manor of Kirkby Lonesdale and other the premises in Kirkby
Lonesdale, Biggins and Kesthwaite are held of the king by knight
service namely: one 40th part of one knight's fee and are worth
yearly clear £17 13s. 4d. The messuage and other premises in
Girslacke are held of the king as of his manor of Kendall by what
service they know not and are worth yearly clear 10s.
Lady Elizabeth Curwen died 30 April last (1611) and lady Mary
Widdrington and Jane Lambton, wife of William Lambton, esquire,
are her daughters and nearest coheirs. Lady Mary is aged 23 years
and upwards and Jane Lambton is aged 21 years and upwards. (fn. 11)
Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 35, n. 56.
1612 John Hudsone, of Kyrbye Lonsdall, in co. Westmorland, gent.,
chapman, and Edward Bainbridge, of Kyrbye Lonsdall, yeoman,
saith that when the lady Elizabeth Curwen, late of Kyrbie Lonsdall,
decd, was seised in her demesne as of fee, of and in divers and sundry
messuages, farmes, lands, tenements, rents, reversions, services
lying and being in the manor and lordship of Kyrbye Lonsdall, and
by her indenture of bargaine and sale did assure unto yor Orators a
parcel of waste and common ground called "Thirnbye" belonging to
the said lordship. But soe it is, one Robert Burrowe being a man of
great allyance and friends within co. Lanc., and having great
interest with the steward of the said manor, and having married the
daughter of Myles Mann, who is brother to the steward, and now
endeavours to dispossess yor Orators. Duchy of Lancas. Pleadings
Michs, 10 James I, 26 November, 1612.
1612 Inquest taken at Kirkbie Lonsdale 6 April, 10 James I (1612), before Roger Otwaye, gentleman, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by the
oath etc. who say that: Edward Lightburne was seised of one messuage
or tenement in Bigginns and 16 acres of land, arable, meadow and
pasture thereto belonging in Biggins of the yearly rent of 10s. 10d.
by grant of Francis Cowper of Sedberghe by his writng dated 12
April, 24 Elizabeth (1582). So seised he died. The messuage and
other the premises are held of the manor of Kirbye Lonsdale in free
socage and are worth yearly clear 20s.
Edward Lightburne died 9 May, 42 Elizabeth (1600), and Robert
Lighteburne is his son and heir and he is aged 16 years 11 months,
14 days now. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 51, n. 59.
1612 Inquest taken at Kendall, 20 April, 10 James I (1612), before
Roger Otwaye, gentleman, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the
oath etc. who say that: William Lightburne was seised of one messuage or tenement in Kirkbie Lonsdale and 15 acres of land arable
meadow and pasture thereto belonging in Bigginns within the
parish of Kirkbie Lonsdale, and he so died seised.
The premises are held of the king in chief by one 100th part of one
knight's fee and are worth yearly clear 20s.
William Lightburne died 3 April, 1602 and Samuel Lightburne is
his son and heir and he is aged now 10 years, 27 days (born 25 March,
1602). Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 54, n. 87.
1618 Inquest taken at Kirkbikendall, 2 October, 16 James I (1618),
before Roger Otway, esquire, escheator in co. Westmorland, by the
oath of William Benson, James Strickland, Edward Willson, Allan
Stephenson, John Ewan, Robert Harrlinge, William Bowerdall,
Anthony Gilpin, Peter Birkhead, Thomas Gilpin, Peter Mawson,
"Gollphridi" Barrett, Adam Coocke, Thomas Atkinson and Edward
Bland, who say that: William Lightburne was seised on the day he
died of one messuage and tenement at Overbiggins and 15 acres of
land thereto belonging and so died seised on 3 April, 44 Elizabeth
Premises once were of — Knevett, knight, who held them of
Queen Elizabeth as of her castle of Kendall called "le Marques Fee"
in free socage and a rent of 2s. and William Lightburne held of them
of said queen as of her castle of Kendall called "le Marques Fee" in
free socage. The premises are now held of Charles Prince of Wales
as of his said Castle of Kendall in free socage and a rent of 2s. And
they are worth yearly clear 20s.
Samuel Lightburne is son and heir of said William and he is aged
16 years now. Chanc. Inq. p.m., ser. ii, vol. 413, n. 98.
1621 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonesdale, 22 October, 19 James I (1621),
before Joseph Boothe, gentleman, escheator, in co. Westmorland, by
the oath etc. who say that: Roland Smythe long before his death was
seised of one messuage and tenement and 12 acres of land, meadow
and pasture thereto belonging at "Pealsyeate" within the lordship
of Kirkby Lonesdale. So seised he made his will, dated 9 November,
1617, shewn to the Jurors and bequeathed the premises as follows:
I give my whole messuage and tenement at Pelsyeat and all other my
lands and hereditaments within the lordship of Kirkbylonesdale to
Richard Thistlethwaite of Dent and to John Bland of Manserghe my
brethren in law and their heirs and assigns for ever, upon condition
that they shall sell so much as will pay my debts and my bequests.
If my goods etc. will not suffice I trust they will be favorable to my
son Edmond Smythe and permit him to have the occupation of all
my lands that shall remain unsold during his life. If my son shall
have issue my request is that said brothers in law and their heirs
shall assure such of my messuage and lands as are unsold to the said
issue of my son Edmond be it son or daughter to enter and have the
same after the death of my said son and further if said Edmond shall
die without such lawful issue of his body living at his death, then to
assure said premises to the children of my three daughters Elizabeth,
Agnes and Isabell equally. The above premises are held of Henry
Widdrington, knight, in free socage and are worth yearly clear 10s.
Roland Smythe died 1 March, 15 James I (1616–17) and the said
Edmond Smythe is his son and nearest heir and is aged 30 years and
Note. It is clear that either the year of the will or the year of the
death is wrong. Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 63, n. 98.
1640 Inquest taken at Kirkbylonsdale, 8 September, 16 Charles I (1640),
before Ralph Ashton, esquire, Robert Curwen, the king's feodary for
co. Westmorland, and Robert Rawlinson, the king's commissioners,
by the oath etc. who say that: George Preston on the day of his death
was seised of the manor of Kirkbylonsdale, and of one capital messuage and tenement called "over biggins hall" with the demense
lands thereto belonging and with it usually occupied and enjoyed late
in the tenure of the said George Preston in Biggins; and of 90 messugaes and tenements with divers lands, meadows, feedings and
pastures to them belonging in the several tenures of customary
tenants thereof in the town of Kirkbylonsdale, Hegholme, Keisthwaite, Mansergh, Middleton, Biggins, Underley and Telisett, now or
late parcel of the manor aforesaid or thereto belonging; and of one
capital messuage and tenement called "Girslacke" and of 50 acres
of land, 10 acres of meadow, 60 acres of pasture, 40 acres of moss,
furze and heath to said capital messuage adjoining or belonging at
Girslackle aforesaid; and of the manor of Preston Richard with the
appurtenances in Preston Richard in the parish of Heversham.
They further say that George Preston so being seised of the manor
or demesne of Preston Richard and other the premises there and in
Heversham [in co. Westmorland] and of the said messuages lands,
tenements and other the premises called "Roall" in co. Lanc. by his
deed dated 29 September, 21 James I (1623) agreed and granted with
Henry Curwen, knight, Gawin Brathwaite, esquire, that for the
affection he bore to George Preston, one of his youngest sons and for
his advancement, that he George Preston, the father, and his heirs
and every other person and their heirs which now or hereafter shall
be seised of the manor or lordship of Preston Richard and appurtenances in co. Westmorland and of all the lands, tenements etc. called
by the name of "Roall" in Catterall, co. Lanc., shall be so seised to
the use of the said George Preston, the father for his life, and after his
decease to the use of the said George Preston, the son and the heirs of
his body, and for default of such to the use of George Preston the
father and to his heirs for ever. Upon condition that if George
Preston the father shall during his life tender or pay to Sir Henry
Curwen and Gawen Brathwaite or either of them or their heirs 12d.
of intent to revoke this Indenture from thenceforth the said uses
shall cease. In witness whereof George Preston put his seal and
subscribed his name. This deed was shown to Jurors.
And they say that the said George Preston, younger, son of the said
George Preston the father is still alive at Sisaghe in co. Westmorland.
Further they say that the manor of Kirkbylonsdale with the
appurtenances and the capital messuage called "over Biggins Hall"
with the demesne lands thereto belonging and the said 90 messuages
with lands etc., etc. in the several towns of Kirkbylonsdale, Hegholme,
Keistwicke, Mansergh, Middleton, Biggins, Underley and Telisett are
held of the king in chief by knight service namely: by the 40th part
of one knight's fee and are worth yearly clear £3. And the messuage,
lands and tenements at Girslacke in co. Westmorld are held of the
king as of his manor of Kirkbykendall called "le Richmond fee" but
by what services they know not and they are worth yearly clear 30s.
And the manor of Preston Richard with the appurtenances is held of
the king as of his manor of Kendall called "le Marques fee" by
knight service and is worth yearly clear £3.
And they further say that the said George Preston so seised of all
the said manors, lands etc. in cos. Westmorland and Lancaster died
on 5th April last (1640) and Thomas Preston is his son and next heir
he was aged at the time of his father's death 36 years and upwards.
Court of Wards Inq. p.m., vol. 94, n. 207.
1640 Henry Wilson, gent., held at his death (in 1639) a capital messuage
in Underley and Keistwicke with houses and lands there in his own
occupation, besides a messuage in Kirkby Lonsdale and three messuages in Casterton, all held of the king as of the Richmond fee. By
his will made in 1638 he bequeathed the premises to his nephew,
Thomas Wilson of Underhelme and to Henry, son and heir apparent
of Thomas, his nephew, and his heirs male, with remainder successively to Thomas and William, brothers of the said Henry. See
vol. i, p. 249; Court of Wards, Inq. p.m., vol. 94, n. 188.
1662 Schedule of defaulters to Hearth Tax. Lay Subsidy Roll, 259, n.
13. The names of them that hath unpayed in ther hearth moneyes
due in the yeare ending at Michaelmas, 1662.
|Alexander Fox [? Fell] for four
|George Garnet, gone
|Lenerd Johnson for four
|Rowland Atkinson, gone
|Mr Edm. Tatham, gone
|Hanabell Clapham for four
|Will. Hodgshon, dead
|Will. Grene for four
|Robertt Beleff [Bellett]
|Tho. Sternebanck, gone
|Francis Cagger [Jagger]
|Chris. Caltbecke for four
John Townson, constabell for the yeare, 1662.
1669–71 Hearth Tax Roll. Lay Subsidy, 195, n. 73, m. 7.
|Mr Miles Hodghson
|Mr Edward Burrow
|Mr John Colthurst
|Executors to widd: Hodghson
||1 wald up
|Mr Tho: Bouth
|Mr Henry Wilson
|Mr. Willm. Aplegarth
|These persons following are discharged by certificates.
|Widd: (?) Smith