KIRKBY IN KENDALE.
a. 1307 I, Beatrix, uxor quondam Baldewini dicti Granetarii de Kyrkeby
in Kendale salutem in domino, quit claim to John de Camera, bailiff
of Dame Margaret de Ros, all the right that I have in that free toft
which my husband gave me for dowry and in that half toft next it,
which lie between the toft of the former Prior of Connigisheved and
the toft of Robert Bon in the vill of Kyrkeby in Kendale. For this
concession the said John has given me one large sum of money in my
urgent need, etc., etc. Witnesses, Dom. Ralph, chaplain, Simon
Bewallet, Colin Tinctor, Robert the clerk, Geoffrey brother of Bele,
Robert his son, Henry the clerk. Deed 7¾ ins. by 5½ ins. Visica
shaped seal in dark green wax 1½ ins. by 1 in. Legend, S' Beteris
uxor' Baldni' with a fleur-de-lys in centre. Chambre Deeds, County
1379 Thomas Appleby, Bishop of Carlisle, offered an indulgence to all
who should adequately contribute to the building of the bridge, ponte
de Strowmondgate, which spans the Kent in the parish of Kirkeby
Kendall in the Diocese of York (Hist. MSS. Com., 9th Report, pt. 1,
p. 195b.). In the following year, 1380, there is a bequest in the Will
of Thomas de Sandford, "Item, novo ponti in Kirkeby Kendale,
xiijs. iiiid." Test. Karleolensia.
1430 4 December. Commission to the Prior of Cartmel to confine Alice
Skawseby in a certain house built for anchorites near the church of
Kirkeby in Kendall. (Reg. Arch. of Richmond). See a note upon
an anchorage at Kendal in Clay, The Hermits and Anchorites of
England, p. 79.
1439 15 July. Master Thomas Bryan was presented to the vicarage of
Kirkeby-in-Kendale by the abbot and convent of St. Mary's, vacant
by the death of Richard Garsdale. Reg. Arch. of Richmond, Yorks.
Arch. Soc., vol. 25, p. 227.
1445 Feoffment of William Preston of Kirkland in Kendall to Roger
Preston his son of his tenement upon the said Kirkland lying between
the tenement of Thomas Chamer on one side and that of Richard
Fotman on the other. Witnesses, John Penyngton, knt., Richard
Redmaine, esq., Roger Bethome 'avunclo,' Simon Gnyp, William
Gylpin and Thomas Chamer. Given at Kirkby in Kendall on Sunday
next before the feast of the Invention of the Holy Cross (May 2), 24
Henry VI. Small red seal with monogram R. on tag cut off bottom
of deed. Chambre Deeds, County Muniment Room.
1449 A similar feoffment given at Kirkby in Kendall on the last day of
April, 27 Henry VI. Chambre Deeds, ib.
1487 Feoffment by Richard Cornthwayt and Margaret his wife to Thomas
Chaumer son of Thomas Chaumer of Le Haws of one burgage and a
garden adjacent upon le Kyrkland within Kirkeby in Kendall, for the
term of 79 years for £20 paid them by the said Thomas—which
burgage was situate between the tenement or burgage of Miles Garnett
on the south side and the tenement of the said Thomas Chaumer of
Le Haws on the north side. Witnesses, Sir Thomas Cornthwayt,
chaplain, Robert Chaumer, Thomas Wilson, William Grenehod,
Robert Preston. Dated 4th December, 3 Henry VII. Two seals of
dark red wax, on each a bird running with wing raised. Chambre
1489 Quit-claim by Thomas Furnour of Kyrkeby in Kendale, smith, and
Elizabeth his wife to Thomas Chamer, yeoman, being in possession,
and to his heirs and assigns of their right in a burgage and garden
adjacent lying upon the Kyrkeland in Kendall aforesaid between the
burgage of Miles Garnet on the south and the burgage late of Thomas
Chamer father of the said Thomas on the north and abutting in length
from the King's highway towards the east unto land called Kyrkbarray towards the west. Witnesses, Thomas Styrkland, knt.
Richard Preston, Thomas Wyllson, John Barray and John Rawlynson, yeomen. Dated 6th November, 5 Henry VII. Chamber Deeds.
1492 Quit-claim by Richard Cornthwayt and Margaret his wife of
Preston in co. Westmorland to Thomas Chambre his heirs and assigns
of all right and all legal demands real and personal in a tenement upon
le Kirklande at the Bridge end. Witnesses, Sir Thomas Cornthwaite,
Sir Richard Kilner (chaplains) and Robert Beke. Dated 4 April,
7 Henry VII. Chambre Deeds, ibid.
1511 Richard Baines of Leeds wills that "my wife and my childre have
my take in my fermhold in Kendale and my closse callyd Frey Bank
in Kendale." Surtees Soc., vol. 79, p. 24.
1530 Bond of Robert Wylson of Kirkeby in Kendall, chaplain, and Adam
Wylson of the same, chapeman, to William Gilpyn, William Cayrous
and Walter Chambir, gentlemen, in 100 marks. Dated 14th January,
21 Henry VIII. Condition that Robert Wylson, chappellan abide kepe
and fulfil the ordynaunce and award of Roger Bellingham, knt., James
Leyburn, Gervis Stirkeland and Richard Ducket, esquires, arbiters
upon all manner of matters accions, wharrells, sewitts, trespasses,
dettes, debates, etc., betwixt the said Robert Wylson of the one parte
and the said William Gilpyn, Elezabeth Gilpyn his wife, William
Cayrous, Margaret Washington late doghter of oon of the hiers of
Thomas Washington late of Halhed Halle, gentleman, Walter
Chambir, Robert Chambir, son and hiere apparent to the seid Walter
and Joyn Chambir wif unto the said Robert of the other partie,
concerning an award betwixt the said Thomas Washington in his lyf
uppon the oon partie and the afforseid Robert Wylson chappellan of
the other partie. Award to be given within 20 days. Chambre
1535 For the valuation of the Vicarage in the Ecclesiastical Valor of
26 Henry VIII, see hereafter under date 1830.
1542 9 February. I Sir Henry Halled, Lady priest of the parish of
Kirkbie in Kendall .... my body to be buried in our Lady Chapel
within my parish church of Kendall. Item I give and bequeath to
John Halled, my son, the whole tenant right of my house with its
appurtenance as it is situate and lieth upon the Kirkland .... in
case the said John Halled be departed to the mercy of God, or yet
shall not come into the country again or die without issue of his body
lawfully begotten then it is my will and mind that my title and
tenantright of my said house shall descend and remain to Henry the
son of Thomas Halled .... Executors of this my will I do make
and ordain Sir Alan Shepherd, priest, James Lickbarrow and Thomas
Halled. Witnesses, Sir Alan Shepherd, priest, and Sir Adam Shepherd, priest. Surtees Soc., vol. 26, p. 33.
1582 21 December. It is ordained and constituted by the Alderman and
Head Burgesses with the full advice and assent as well of the 24
sworn assistants as of most part of the honest inhabitants here that
no manner of person or persons from henceforth shall or may either
draw or trail any timber or other draught whatsoever, either by
strength of horses or other cattle or by the power of men (above one
only beast draught at any one time) over either of the bridges called
Stramangate or Nether Bridge, under pain of losing as much as 12d.,
the one half thereof to the chamber and the other half to the Bridge
keepers. K. Boke off Recorde, 121.
1589 11 December. The cuckstool in Kendal. An order against
common drunkards, how to be punished, and for common scolds.
Whereas some persons without fear of God give up their bodies to
dishonour by immoderate drinking of strong ale at unfit times until
they become beastlike and insensible to the waste of their goods and
the misery of their families, it is ordered that the Alderman or any
justice of the peace shall have power to send any persons overtaken
with strong drink to the common dungeon, to reclaim them from their
destestable offences. It is also ordered that every such magistrate
shall have power to commit any common scold to the cuckstool.
Hist. MSS. Com., 10th Rep., pt. iv, 315. For the form of apparatus
and the method of working it, see K. Notes and Queries, n. 268.
1653 On 31 March, 1653, there was exceeding great need of a schoolmaster at Kendal, so it was ordered that tithes amounting to about
£12 should be granted to the mayor and alderman for the use of a
schoolmaster and for the increase of his maintenance. John Myriell
was probably the first master to benefit by the order, but he resigned
in 1655 on his appointment to be vicar of Torpenhow. The next
schoolmaster was Richard Jackson, who remained in office until at
least 1667. Older Nonconformity in Kendal, 63.
1662 Warrants from the Court of Record of Kendal to the chamberlains
to pay money granted by the Court towards the expenses of persons
going to London "for the cure of the King's Evil." A sum of 30s.
was granted in one case and 25s. in two others. (Kendal Corporation Deeds, bundle A. n. 17). Only the royal touch of the King of
England or of France was deemed capable of curing this scrofula
1664/5 2 February, William Dugdale, Norroy King of Arms to the
bailiffs of Kendal and Lonsdale Wards, giving notice of his Visitation
to be held at the Fox and Goose in Kendal on the 20th of March.
Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep., p. 34.
1670 On the 23rd January, 1669/70, a gathering of Independents was
held at the house of George Archer in Kirkland. On 9th February
Daniel Fleming wrote to Sir Joseph Williason, Secretary of State,
"Wee have had lately in this countrey a great conventicle of Indipendents to the number as I am informed of 200 in the night-time,
and at the house of Geo. Archer, one very active in the late rebellion
and still a stif nonconformist..... Wee have ordered them to be
brought before us next Saturday at Kendall where wee intend to
examine the fact and to bind over the offenders unto the next Quarter
Sessions. The Sessions were held on the 15 April and the Indictment
Book records as follows:—Geo. Archer of Kirkland, cordwainer, and
24 others named, on the 23 January last, assembled at the house of
Geo. Archer aforesaid and there "riotose, routose et illicite conciones"
and prayers by pretext of religious culture gathered and heard
religious culture and prayers contrary to the form of public and
divine culture established in due form of law in the English church
to the great scandal and pernicious example of other subjects of the
king and in contempt of the laws of this Kingdom of England (K.
Indict. Book, 1669–92); Geo. Archer was fined 20s., Abraham Garner
and John Garnett 10s. each and the others 5s. a piece.
1671/2 13 February. William Brownsword, vicar of Kendal, wrote to
Daniel Fleming enclosing a copy of an Inhibition procured by the
Quakers, Robert Barrow, John Stell, Milo Bateman, Milo Huberstie
and Margaret Howgill of Kirkby Kendal. A suit had been brought
against them by W. Brownsword for nonpayment of tithes, and a
decree of excommunication obtained. They have appealed and
obtained the Inhibition and a citation ot W. Brownsword to appear
at York. Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep., p. 88.
1681 A copy of the Will of Thomas Sandes reciting his deed of gift of
Sandes Hospital bearing date 6 September, 1670, is preserved in the
Browne MSS., vol. xiv, pp. 8–15.
1687 At the Quarter Sessions held on 14 January, 1686/7, it was presented that the highway at Gate Settlings (fn. 1) was in decay, and there
being a dispute whether the same belong to the Town of Kendal or
the Country, it was consented to by the Justices of the peace of the
Town as also of the County that the moneys for repairing thereof be
disbursed by the Town of Kendal, and if it should appear to the
Grand Jury upon examination of the matter at the next Sessions that
the same do belong to Nether Graveship and not to the Town then
the moneys to be forthwith paid to the said Town of Kendal.
K. Order Book, 1669–96.
1694/5 18 January. The highway within Nethergraveship, leading from
Loand Barn to Lowgate Settling is presented as being decayed and
ruinous by default of repair. (K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724). Order
that the Nethergraveship repair the highway, for which they stand
indicted in two months time upon pain of 40s. or show cause, etc.
(Kendal Order Book, 1696–1724). At the Court held on 5 April
following it was ordered that if it appear upon the trial of their
traverses (fn. 2) this day entered that the inhabitants of Kendall ought to
repair the same, that then the said inhabitants shall repay the
charges of the repair thereof and of this order they are now to take
notice peremptorily (Ibid.). Again at the Court held on 11 October
following it was ordered that the highway in question between the
inhabitants of Kendall and those of Nethergraveship be viewed by
the jury to try the issue of the difference between them at 8 o'clock
to-morrow morning and that Mr. Joseph Simpson of Kendall and Mr.
John Sleddall of Nethergraveship do show the said highway. The
verdict of the jury was in the favour of Nethergraveship so that it
was finally ordered that the inhabitants of Kendall pay those of
Nethergraveship the charges of repairing the above highway in
accordance with the verdict of the jury. Ibid.
On 14 April, Sir John Lowther writing to Sir Daniel Fleming says,
"It is reported that many disaffected persons have taken refuge in
the Barony and about Kirkby Lonsdale, I beg you will see to it."
(Hist. MSS. Commission, 12th Report, p. 343). Thus at the following Quarter Sessions held on 24 April, it was reported that the following suspected persons had neglected or refused to make and subscribe
the Declaration ordered by the Statute of 1 William and Mary and
take the oaths of allegiance, supremacy and adjuration:—Garwas
Wilson of Kirkland and Anthony Borrick of Kendall. (Kendal
Indict. Book, 1692–1724). For the names of other disaffected persons
see under the same date in the various parishes.
9 June. This day the collector of Excise refused most of the
money offered him because it was not milled, punched nor punchable
according to law. Thereupon a great many of the rabble being
ale-house keepers went to the Mayor and demanded how they were
to get bread if their money could not pass. He gave them good words
and said that he and Alan Chambre, the Recorder, would accept all
money not clipped within the inner-most ring and hoped that others
would do the same. On the following morning the rioters sallied out
to Sizergh, Levens and Dallam Tower and on their return they
assaulted the town guard, whereupon twenty were arrested. William
Brownsword writing to Sir Daniel Fleming, on the 11th, says, We are
in a very distracted and frightful position awaiting the militia, they
threaten to beset Lowther and Rydal. Sir Daniel writing to Sir
John Lowther on the 15th says, I never knew this country in a worse
condition, occasioned chiefly by the coin, the poor here have scarcely
any money and prices are high. Hist. MSS, Com., 12th Rep., 344.
1696 On the 14th day of July William Curwen, mayor elect, Thomas
Murgatroyd, vicar, John Jefferson, schoolmaster, and many others
of K. Kendale signed the anti-Jacobite "Association," formed
throughout the kingdom for the protection of William III. (K.
Indict. Book, 1692–1724). Christopher Redman the mayor, two
alderman and one burgess refused to sign and were in consequence
discharged from their offices. Annals of Kendal, 288.
9 October. Order that Joseph Giffeth late of the city of Oxford,
butcher, now a prisoner in H.M. gaol for this county, who hath been
burnt in the hand for felony and is again under indictment for
stealing sheep in co. Oxford, whence he fled, be safely conveyed the
next day from parish to parish by some of the officers of each parish
unto the city of Oxford aforesaid, and be delivered to the keeper of
H.M. gaol there, etc. Kendal Order Book, 1696–1724.
1697 16 April Whereas the inhabitants of Kirkland are greatly
burdened with the maintenance of the poor in that hamlet, they
not having above four acres of land in the constablewick; order that
the Nethergraveship, Watchfield and Church-field, being next
hamlets and of great annual value and having few or no poor of their
own, shall in future be joined to Kirkland as one constablewick and
pay their proportion of assessments for the poor. This order was
made absolute at the Court held on the 8th October following. (K.
Order Book, 1696–1724). On 14 July, 1702 there was a similar order
and on 6 October, 1703, it was agreed that the inhabitants of Nethergraveship, Churchfield and Watch field would contribute £1 5s. for
the quarter ending this day and £5 for the ensuing year to the overseers of Kirkland for the support of the poor. K. Order Book, 16961724.
1703 8 October. Indictment that the common highway between Horse
Spoot Sike and Lee Yeat, containing 200 roods in length, is now in
great decay and that the inhabitants of Nethergraveship ought to
repair it. (K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724). On 11 July following an
Order was issued that the inhabitants of Nethergraveship be fined £5
for suffering the same Queen's highway to be much out of repair,
unless repaired before the Easter Sessions. K. Order Book,
1706 11 October. Order that Lancelot Thompson, chief constable of
Kendall Ward with alderman Foorth of Kendal in behalf of the
Corporation, view Stramongate Bridge which is presented as in decay
and cause it to be repaired; and that the chief constable pay threefourths of the charge of repair, being the county's proportion and that
the inhabitants of Kendall pay the remaining portion. K. Order
1711/12 18 January. On the complaint of the inhabitants of Kirkby
Kendall that for several years past the fish in the river Kent and the
rivulets running into the same have been destroyed ... by unlawful
engines, etc.; appointment of Mr. William Askew and many others
to be conservators of the said river and rivulets, to make discovery of
unlawful acts touching the destruction of fish and give account of the
offenders to this Court. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
1712 2 May. It having been presented at the last Sessions that Stramongate Bridge was again in decay, and it having been ordered that the
high constables should make a report so far as it relates to the county,
they present their estimates at this Sessions, viz. for pinning up the
footing on both sides and a breach in a "Jewell" or pier, £2 15s.
(K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724; Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 221). "So far
as it relates to the county." This point is repeated in the following
Order under same date:—Forasmuch as that part of Stramongate
Bridge belonging to the county, and that part of Borrow Bridge
belonging to the Barony, have been presented to be very much in
decay, etc. Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 124.
1712 20 September. Whereas information hath been given to her
Majesty's Justices of the Peace that several surveyors of the highways within the Barony have neglected to repair and amend the
highways and make them the breadth the law directs and to keep the
inhabitants to their six days labour, eight hours a day, and to take
care that the hedges adjoining to the highways be cut according to
law; the high constable is commanded to summon the surveyors to
appear before her Majesty's justices at the Moot Hall in Kendall upon
Saturday the 11th day of October next to make presentments upon
oath and shew cause if they can why they should not be fined for
neglecting their duty. Hereof fail not at your peril. Signed,
William Fleming and John Harrison. Browne MSS., vol. i, nos. 20,
1715 Sir Lawrence Anderton, Bart., a Nonjuror of Lostock, owned the
castle and park of Kendal, etc., in fee, valued at £230. English
Catholic Nonjurors of 1715.
1716/7 18 January. Rob. Dickenson of Endmoor, labourer, indicted for
breaking Mrs. Dixon's shop at Kirkland and stealing a sack with two
measures of oatmeal therein. Found guilty and ordered to be
whipt from the Cold Stone or Cross in Kendall to the Newbiggin in
the said town, stript from his waist upwards at 3 o'clock on the
following day. K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724.
1719 4 August. Order for the high constable, together with the surveyor of bridges of the Borough of Kendal, to view and report the
cost of repairing Stramongate Bridge for 300 ft. at each end of the
same, three-parts to be repaired by the county and one part by the
borough. In the margin:—" This Order is made void being surruptitiously obtained as appears by an order of 9 October, 1719,"
as follows:—The Grand Jury draw attention to the ill consequence
likely to be brought upon the County by the order made on 4 August
last touching Stramongate Bridge, it appearing to this Court that the
order was obtained upon false information and that it was in no way
made to appear that ever either the County or the country used or
ought to contribute or be at any charge about repairing 300 feet at
both or either of the ends of the said bridge, the whole being within
the Borough of Kirkby Kendall and part of the street of that Borough;
Order that the said order be set aside as illegal, unjustifiable and
contrived only to lay a never heard of or known charge upon those
parts of the Barony that are out of the liberties of the Borough.
K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
1720 29 April. For as much as Jas. Addyson of Far Crosbank, labourer,
stands convicted of petty larceny; ordered that he be immediately
set in the stocks for one hour, and be thence conveyed to the whipping
post and be stripped naked from the shoulders downwards and be
whipped till blood come, and then after suffering that punishment to
be set at liberty, paying his fees, and the sheriff of the county is to see
execution done. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
1723 11 October. Richard Smith of Kirkland to be whipped by the
common officer for that purpose for petty larceny, naked from his
middle upwards from the Cold Stone in Kendall to the barn at Nether
Bridge End in Kirkland and then to be discharged out of custody.
1723 4 17 January. George Waller of Kirkland, yeo., indicted for
setting up as an ironmonger at Kirkland, he never having been
instructed in the business by a 7 years apprenticeship, according to
the Act of Parliament. He is bound over in £20 to prosecute a
traverse at the next Assizes. K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724.
1724 14 July. At the last sessions the grand jury presented that the
water called Well Sike running through Kirkland is prejudicial to his
Majesty's subjects, that several children have been drowned therein
and others narrowly escaped, by reason the same is not covered and
the said dyke being yet unrepaired; Order to the surveyor of
highways in Kirkland to forthwith repair the same before next
Sessions on pain of £10. At the Sessions held on 9 October following
the Syke was reported as repaired at a cost of £10 13s. 4d.
K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724; and K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
1731 30 April. Miles Atkinson, master of the House of Correction in
Kendall complains of the ruinous condition of the house; order to the
two high constables to view and report. On 15 May following an
Order was issued for the repair of the house. Kendal Order Book,
12 January. Presentment that 300 yards in length in the King's
highway lying in a place called First Gate Settleings leading from the
market town of K. Kendale to the market town of K. Lonsdale, is
dirty founderous and in decay for want of reparation so that the
subjects of Our Lord the King cannot pass without great danger, etc.,
and that the inhabitants of Nethergraveship ought to repair the said
way as often as occasion should require. K. Indict. Book, 1738–50.
1743The Mill Bridge built all of stone. Local Chron., xxv.
1750 5 October. Order to the two high constables to view the Ho. of
Correction at Kendale and report the condition thereof at the next
sessions and give in an estimate of what will be sufficient to enlarge,
alter or repair the same. K. Order Book, 1750–60.
1751 11 October. Upon the petition of the Surveyors of highways
within the township of Kirkland setting forth that the highways there
are greatly out of repair, and that the six days labour is insufficient
to effectually repair the same, it is ordered that an assessment of 6d.
in the pound be levied within the township, such assessment to be
levied by distress and sale of goods upon any refusing 10 days after
demand. K. Order Book, 1750–60.
17 January. The like petition and order in respect of the highways in Nethergraveship, Church-field and Watch-field.(Ibid.).
This Order was renewed on 5 October, 1753. Ibid.
1753 12 January. Whereas the office of Governor of the Ho. of Correction for Kendale is become vacant by the resignation of William
Mackereth (appointed in October, 1741) the court appoints Robert
Crackelt of Kendale, yeo., in his stead. K. Order Book, 1750–60.
1755 24 June. Old St. George's Chapel in the Market Place was consecrated by Bishop Keene. Local Chron., XXIX.
1758 2 October. Whereas the office of Governor or Master of the Ho. of
Correction is become vacant by the death of Rob. Crackelt, this
Court doth think fit to nominate and appoint Margaret Crackelt, his
widow, to be Governess or mistress, etc. and the said Margaret hath
power and authority to set such rogues, vagabonds, idle and disorderly persons as shall be committed to the said Ho. of Correction,
to work and labour and to punish them by putting fetters upon them
and by moderate whipping, etc. (K. Order Book, 1750–60). She
must have had a deputy for the same Court ordered that Thos. Selan,
a rogue and vagabond, be publicly whipt by the Master of the Ho. of
Correction through the open Market and afterwards discharged
1759 to 1776 The Moot Hall at the corner of Mercer's Lane leading into
the Market Square, originally built in 1591 was almost entirely
rebuilt in 1759.
The Market Cross that stood in the centre of Stricklandgate was
taken down in 1765, in order to make room for the stage coaches that
were now beginning to pass through Kendal.
In 1767 an Act of Parliament was obtained for enclosing Kendal
Fell Lands and for building a Workhouse on the waste. For this
building" large enough to contain 80 poor persons," Richard Pedder,
the architect, received two guineas for his plans and model. He
seems to have been content, however, as he undertook to draw plans
for an additional wing in 1776.
Nether Bridge, at first only wide enough for one cart to pass over
it at a time was doubled in width on the southern side in 1772, a work
that was destined to be washed away some three weeks later by the
great flood of 29th October. This necessary addition for the accommodation of stage coaches was quickly rebuilt, but this time on the
northern side. The above four items are more fully dealt with in
1776 15 April. Presentment that Stramongate Bridge is in great decay
and that three fourth parts of the said bridge ought to be repaired at
the public expense. (Kendal Indict. Book, 1770–80). Indictment
discharged on 3 April, 1780. (K. Order Book, 1770–80). As to the
three-fourth liability see under the dates 4 August and 9 October,
15 April. Presentment that Isabel Lowis on 24 February in
Kirkland, one red cloth cloak of the value of 10d. of the goods and
chattles of one Anne Garnett feloniously did steal and carry away
out of a passage leading into the dwelling house of Robert Garnett.
She pleaded Not Guilty and prayed to be tried by jury. The jury
found her guilty therefore it is considered that the said Isabel Lowis
be imprisoned in the Ho. of Correction till 12 o'clock at noon tomorrow and at that time be brought to the (old St. George's) Chapel
stairs in Kendal and then publicly whipped from thence to the
Maypole in Kirkland and afterwards discharged. (Ibid.). It is
further presented that on 27 February a warrant was issued to deliver
into the custody of William Fisher, keeper of the Ho. of Correction,
the body of Isabel Lowis, and that the constable did so deliver, but
that on 1 March Miles Wilson of Kirkland, butcher, and Daniel
Tomlinson, tailor, well knowing the said Isabel Lowis so to be in
custody, with force and arms did unlawfully break down, prostrate
and lay open the wall of the said Ho. of Correction, to wit, two yards
by means whereof they did unlawfully rescue and set at large
the said Isabel Lowis, out of the custody of the said William
Fisher, in contempt of our Lord the King and his laws and to
the evil example of all others, etc. Miles Wilson was found
to be guilty and sentenced to be imprisoned for one month and pay
a fine of 5 shillings. Daniel Tomlinson was found Not Guilty and
was discharged. Ibid.
John Howard visited the prison twice this year, January and
September, 1776, and reported that it had only one room for males
and females, 18 by 13 feet, with one window about 2 feet square, no
chimney, no court, no water, no sewer. He came again in 1779.
Local Chron., XXX.
1785 10 January. At this Sessions Rev. Caleb Rotheram of the
Unitarian Chapel, took the oaths and made the Declaration prescribed
in the Statute of 1 Will. and Mary, and the Declaration prescribed,
19 George 111, c. 44, respecting Dissenting Ministers, and subscribed
the same according to law. K. Indict. Book, 1780–87.
1785 10 January. Ordered that Henry Wilkinson, the high constable do
prepare or cause to be prepared against the next session a plan and
estimate for the building of a House of Correction for Kendal and
Lonsdale Wards in the town of Kendal. On 9 April, 1785, the high constable having produced a plan and an estimate of £300; it is ordered
that he do contract for the immediate erection of the building agreeable to such plan and estimate. (K. Minute Books). On 12 July
following, the court being of opinion that £500 would be sufficient to
defray the expense provided the Town of Kendal contributed one
half of such sum for their share and whereby that Town would have
the benefit for the confinement of their prisoners; it was ordered
that the high constables of the Kendal and Lonsdale Wards do
contract for the building of such Ho. of Correction. Appleby Order
1787 John Todd published his Plan of Kendal.
1790 15 January. Margaret wife of Leonard Clement, fuller, on 30
November, 1789, did feloniously steal and carry away a cartload of
peats, value 2d., belonging to Will. Addison: ordered to be confined
in the Ho. of Correction until 18 January next, and then carried in a
cart to Blind Beck Bridge, with her body naked upwards from the
middle, and the words "A Thief" placed thereon written in large
characters and then discharged. Kendal Order and Indictment
1790 8 October. Presentment that Stramongate Bridge is in great
decay, and ought to be repaired at the public expense of the county.
(Ibid.). The local papers advertise that on 22 September, 1791, will
be Let the finding materials, taking down and rebuilding Stramongate
Bridge over the River Kent in Kendal, after a design of Mr. Harrison's
of Lancaster, consisting of three eliptical arches, the two end ones to
span 45 feet each and the centre arch 50 feet. The carriage and foot
roads to be 30 feet within the battlements. However the old bridge
was not destroyed for the interior was found so firmly cemented
that nothing short of blasting could have removed the solid work.
8 October. This Court having taken into consideration the
rebuilding of Stramongate Bridge and being desirous of having the
sentiments of the acting magistracy of this county. It is ordered
that the Clerk of the Peace do summon their attendance at a General
Meeting to be held at the Coffee House in Kendal on 4 January, 1792,
when and where it is proposed finally to determine upon and adopt
some one of the plans and proposals for rebuilding the said bridge, or
otherwise to resolve so that the rebuilding may be accomplished
without further delay. K. Minute Book, 1780–1804). On 12
October, 1793, it was ordered that Mess. Holme and Webster procure
workmen and materials necessary for repairing the bridge. Ibid.
In order to widen it a third bridge was built up against the original
construction on the north side to match the second bridge previously
erected on the southern side. The date of 1794 will be found upon the
tympanums of the piers in two places. On 16 July, 1796, an order
was issued to pay Will. Holme and Francis Webster £15 each for
superintending Stramongate Bridge, prior to its being let to them for
repair; also that Mr. Tho. Atkinson, treasurer for Kendal and
Lonsdale Wards. be allowed £15 for superintendence; also to pay
Mr. John Hird and Mr. Harrison, architect, 10 guineas each for plans
and estimates. Again on 6 October there was a further order to pay
Mr. Harrison, architect, £10 more for attendance, plans, etc., for
amendment of Stramongate Bridge. Kendal Order and Indict.
1798 12 January. Certificate granted to George Gibson, after taking the
oath required by law, to preach the scriptures of the Old and New
Testament, as a dissenting minister. K. Order and Indictment
1799 11 October. Ordered that William Alderson be committed to the
Ho. of Correction and be confined in a solitary cell for three months
and to stand in the Pillory for one hour at noon on the 8th of November next in the public street of Kendal. K. Minute Book, 1780–1804.
1801 25 July. Presentment that the Ho. of Correction is too small and
inconvenient and that it is necessary to make great additions thereto;
it is resolved that the plans for such alterations now in the possession
of Mr. Francis Webster be adopted and carried into execution. Ibid.
27 April. At this sessions John Huck (of the Inghamite Chapel),
being a protestant dissenter from the Church of England, did in open
court take the oaths of allegiance, supremacy and abjuration, he also
made the Declaration against Transubstantiation and subscribed the
same according to law. K. Indictment Book, 1804–1805.
1806 18 April. Ric. Bush, parish of Burton in Kendal, labourer, for
stealing 1 lb. of cow's hair, value 10d., belonging to Edm. Harrison,
sentenced to imprisonment with hard labour in the Ho. of Correction
at Kendal, for 2 years; and on Whitsun Saturday next, between 11
and 12 a.m., to be stripped naked from his hips upwards and publicly
whipped with a Cat with Nine tails, from the Town Hall (Market
Place) to the top of New Street and back again. Kendal Order and
Indictment Book, 1798–1811.
1809 6 October. Presentment that half of Blindbeck Bridge, to wit, in
length 6 ft. from N. to S. and in breadth 30 ft. from E. to W., in the
highway from K. Kendal to Milthrop is not sufficiently high in times
of floods, so that the water overflows, and the township of Kirkland
ought to repair and enlarge the same K. Order and Indict. Book,
1810 5 October. The petty constables of K. Kendal to cause Watch to
be kept by night and Ward by day, with able men, from 6 October to
1 May next. Ibid.
1811 18 January. Rev.—Kay, (fn. 3) curate of Kendal church, elected
chaplain to the Ho. of Correction at K. Kendal, on the resignation of
Rev. John Sampson. Ibid.
1814 18 April. Order that Mr. Tatham enquire and report as to the
title of the Ho. of Correction at K. Kendal. (Kendal Order Book,
1811–17). On 17 October following Mess. Fell and Johnson, solicitors
of Kendal, were ordered to prepare a deed of Trust, from Mr. Pennington, investing the Ho. of Correction in the mayor and Corporation
14 July. Order to rebuild with all convenient speed, Blindbeck
Bridge, lately taken down by floods. Kendal Order Book, 1817–24.
14 July. Presentment that the Ho. of Correction at K. Kendal is
insufficient for the purpose. Ordered that the Process of this Court
be issued against the high constables of Kendal and Lonsdale Wards
to compel their appearance at the adjourned sessions on 30 July in
order to plead to the said indictment. And at the adjournment it
was ordered that the high constables do procure such additions and
alterations to be made as are now suggested by a plan produced on or
before Midsummer Sessions next. (K. Indict. Book, 1817–24).
Mess. Fell and Johnson to call upon Mrs. Richardson of Kendal and
request permission to examine her late husband's papers (he being
the late Clerk of the Peace) for title deeds or other writings connected
with the title to the Ho. of Correction. K. Order Book, 1817–24.
The Freeholder and Kendal Weekly Register first appeared on May 5,
1818, it was published by Richard Lough for the proprietor and editor,
Richard Hamilton, price 3d. The Westmorland Journal of Useful
Knowledge, appeared on 1 June, 1833, published by T. Richardson
& Co., for the editors, price 1½d. Hob Thrush or The Kendal Dobbie,
appeared 13 September, 1842, published by John Roan, barber and
hair-dresser, price 1d. It only survived three issues. Dawson's
Monthly Advertiser was published in 1846. It was an advertising
venture, embellished with literary selections and ran to about
10 issues. K. Notes and Queries, n. 251.
1818 A new Miller Bridge was erected for a more commodious approach
to the intended Canal, according to plans made by Mr. F. Webster,
and at a cost of £888.
1819 19 April. Order to procure all the Standard Measures of the
Exchequer for the use of Kendal Ward, and a like set for Lonsdale
Ward. K. Order Book, 1817–24.
1820 18 November. Rev. John Corry appointed chaplain to the Ho.
of Correction at K. Kendal by the joint concurrence of the county and
burgh magistrates. Ibid.
1822 14 October. Presentment that a certain common bridge called
Blindbeck Bridge in the King's common highway leading from Kirkland to the Burgh of K. Kendal, is very ruinous broken and in great
decay and also is very narrow, insufficient and incommodious, etc.,
and that the inhabitants of the county and the inhabitants of the said
Burgh ought to repair and amend the same in equal proportions.
(K. Indict. Book, 1817–24). On 7 April, 1823, it was ordered that a
committee be formed to superintend the building of Blindbeck
Bridge. (K Order Book, 1817–24). The bridge was now made the
full width of the road.
1824 12 January. Presentment that the Ho. of Correction is not in its
present state sufficient and convenient and ought to be enlarged by
additions necessary for classing the several persons who shall from
time to time be kept there according to the nature of their crimes and
the difference of their sex, and for providing proper places for the
employment of such persons, and that the inhabitants of the county
ought to provide and build proper premises as needed. (K. Indict.
Book, 1817–24). On 11 April, 1825, the House was again presented
and reported as insufficient and otherwise inadequate to give effect to
the rules and regulations prescribed in the Prisons Act, 4 and 5
George IV. (Kendal Order Book, 1824–34). Whereupon on the 11
July following a Committee of Magistrates was appointed to adopt
and carry into effect all necessary measures for making and completing the additions to and alterations in the Ho. of Correction at
Kendal, as delineated in the plans already prepared. Kendal Order
1824 31 January. On the 27th inst., a mass of the castle wall, 22½ yards
by 12½ yards, that stood beside the drawbridge fell down. Local
1824 4 September. The premises of Mr. Smithson and others, known as
Leather Hall, at the top of Lowther Street are shortly to be built into
a public building under the direction of Mr. Webster, architect, and it
will be called the White Hall. The foundation stone was laid on
2 July, 1825. See Kirkbie Kendall, p. 41.
1826 15 July. The Justices assembled at Appleby, having inspected
the plans and estimates for the alterations in the Ho. of Correction
at Kendal, strongly remonstrate against the measure. (K. Minute
Book, 1825–38). But the Magistrates of the Barony find themselves
constrained to entertain a different view of the adaptability of the
Ho. of Correction at Kendal to that which appears to be now taken
by their brother Magistrates in the East and West Wards. They
unanimously think it advisable and necessary as soon as may be
convenient to carry into effect the proposed classification and employment of the prisoners, and this determination is come to on the
conviction that it would be impracticable for them to adopt the
suggestion made by the Magistrates at Appleby on 11 July, 1825.
K. Order Book, 1824–34.
1826 20 October. The Committee appointed to carry into effect the
additions to the Ho. of Correction report that Mr. John Todd, Land
Surveyor, is not willing to part with a plot of land lying on the south
east side and adjoining the said House, which piece of land is necessary
for the purpose; it is ordered that the Clerk of the Peace do forthwith
give notice to the said John Todd that the said piece of land is
deemed by the Justices to be necessary and that they require him
within 21 days to treat with and sell to them the said piece of land,
etc. (K. Order Book, 1824–34). On the 28 April, 1827, an Inquest
was held to value the land containing 455 super yards, at which the
jury awarded a sun of 5s. per super yard. K. Indict. Book, 1824–34.
1827 13 October. On Wednesday last Francis Webster, architect,
"Kendal's Everlasting Alderman," died. Local Chron., 72.
1829 12 January. Rev. Ferdinand Faithful (of St. George's Chapel)
was appointed chaplain to the Ho. of Correction at Kendal if the
Corporation of Kendal agree thereto, at a salary of £15 per annum on
behalf of the county. (K. Order Book, 1824–34). On 23 April, 1830,
the Rev. F. Faithful resigned the chaplaincy in consequence of his
preferment to Headley in Surrey. On 16 July, 1830, the Rev.
Edmund Richardson (of St. George's Chapel) was appointed chaplain.
c. 1830 A claim for the payment of Tithe of Underwood was made against
a gentleman having very considerable property within the parish of
Kendal. Whereupon Mr. John Caley (fn. 4) was consulted and asked to
make research into all available documents to see if he could find any
foundation for such a claim. His researches led him to note certain
particulars which are here briefly given.
1. At the "antiq. taxatio" of Pope Nicholas IV (1291) the Rectory
was then divided into two medieties, viz:—pars Willielmi (de
Ameldon) and pars Walteri (de Madestan), one of the yearly value of
£66 13s. 4d. and the other of £66 13s. 6d., and further that there was
then a Vicarage of the annual value of £10. This fact Mr. Caley
thinks to be contradictory to the date of the Inquisition ad quod
damnum taken at Appleby on Thursday next after the Epiphany in
the 30th year of Edward 1 (1301) unless it can be supposed that
the creation of the Vicarage was anterior to the Appropriation of
the church to the Abbey of St. Mary's, York, which is an anomaly.
2. No Ordination or Endowment of the Vicarage can be found, so
that resort had to be had to the next best evidence, the Surveys,
Terriers and the Minister's Accompts.
3. When the General Ecclesiastical Valor was made by the authority
of Parliament, 26 Henry VIII (1535), no return seems to have been
made in respect of the Appropriated Rectory, then in the possession
of St. Mary's, but the Vicarage was returned as being of the clear
annual value of £92 5s. (fn. 5) The following is a literal translation.
Rural Deanery of Kendall in co. Westmorland.
Thomas Magnus. incumbent.
|The Vicarage is valued in the mansion withthe Glebe together with a tenement annexed to the same worth by year
|Tithes of calves (? one half)
|Tithes of hay (? one half)
|Tithes of Castle Mills
|Pension in the Church of Wyndeandermere
|Pension in the Church of Grysmer
||0 (fn. 6)
|Predial tithes and Easter book
|Charges to wit, Procurations
|To William Standish, receiver
A Tenth thereof £9 4s. 6d.
There is no mention of any tithe of Underwood.
4. In the Accompt of the Crown's Minister from Michaelmas 31st to
Michaelmas 32nd Henry VIII preserved at the Augmentation Office,
and which purports to be the first account after the dissolution of
St. Mary's and therefore before the lease to Sir Thomas Seymour, the
Rectory is returned as of the yearly value of £105 15s. 9½d. and the
several species of Tithes are enumerated, viz:—in addition to the
Glebe Lands, the tithe of corn of the whole parish, the tithes of lamb
and wool, half the tithe of hay, half the tithe of calves and a half
portion of the mortuaries.
5. The whole Rectory was demised to Sir Thomas Seymour, kt., by
indenture dated 10 December, 32 Henry VIII (1540) under the seal of
the Court of Augmentations for the term of twenty-one years, viz.,
as given in the Records of Kendale, vol. 1, p. 155, for the rent of
£81 5s. 5½d.
6. In the Augmentation Office there is another lease dated 31 May,
4 Edward VI (1550) which after reciting verbatim the lease to
Seymour demises the same premises to Sir Robert Tyrwhit for the
term of twenty-one years after the expiration of the former lease, at
the increased rent of £84 18s. 6d. In neither lease is there any
mention of tithe of Underwood.
7. Queen Mary in the first year of her reign (1553) granted the Rectory
including the same premises and tithes, to the Master, Fellows and
Scholars of Trinity College in Cambridge. There is no mention of any
tithe of Underwood.
8. In the Minister's Accompt, 1 and 2 Philip and Mary (1554) the
Rectory is answered for at the same rent as in the 32 Henry VIII
account, viz. at £105 15s. 9½d., but it is divided into two parts as
|For the farm of divers tithes of corn and haywith other small tithes so demised
|For the farm of divers other tithes omittedin the lease to Sir Thomas Seymour andbeing in the tenure of Lord Parr, Earl ofEssex
|In the tenure of Sir James Leyburne
|" " Walter Strickland
|and for half of the tithes of calves
|with half the tithes of hay in several tenures
|(a discrepancy somewhere of 9)
9. Finally Mr. Caley points out that there have been also divers suits
in the Exchequer concerning tithes within the parish of Kendal.
One of these, Shepherd v. Birkett, is reported in Wood's Decrees
vol. 1, p. 290, respecting a customary payment called Tithe Meal
Silver which the defendant did not deny to be due to the lessees of the
rectory, but alleged that the plaintiff's lease expired at Lady Day and
the demand was not due until Easter, whereupon the plaintiff's bill
was dismissed. MS. Feudal Hist. of Westmorland.
1833 Mrs. Richardson has offered to subscribe £1,000 toward the erection
of a new church at the foot of Stricklandgate. St. Thomas's Church
was built at a cost of £3,000 and consecrated by the Bishop of
Chester on 5 July, 1837. On 20 October following the Rev. William
Pepperrell Hutton took the usual oaths and subscribed the declaration
after his appointment to the Perpetual Curacy. K. Minute Book,
1835 The foundation stone of the new Roman Catholic chapel was laid
on 27 October, 1835, by Mr. W. C. Strickland, and the building was
opened on 13 September, 1837, by Dr. Briggs, the bishop of the
1839 8 April. The foundation stone of the new St. George's Church was
laid. The building was consecrated 17 June, 1841, and the Rev.
Isaac Finch was appointed vicar. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
1840 2 July. Resolved that Mr. Francis Burton Danby (Master of the
Grammar School) be appointed chaplain to the Ho. of Correction and
that he enter upon his duties as soon as he shall be ordained by the
Bishop. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
1843 2 January. Notification to the Keeper of the Ho. of Correction
that if any more women make their escape over the walls through his
negligence, the Court will order his salary to be stopped at once;
particularly since the last escape took place at 8 o'clock p.m. when
the prisoner should have been locked up and especially as she was a
convicted felon under transportation for seven years. On 6 January
at the adjourned Sessions it was ordered that the female side of the
House be altered according to the plan given by the Bridge Master at
an expense not exceeding £135. K. Minute Book, 1839–59.
1843 In March 1838, a deputation of Kendal gentlemen waited upon the
Directors of the Preston and Lancaster Railway to confer with them
for the purpose of continuing the projected railway on to Kendal.
Then in February, 1842, the Caledonian Railway gave notice of its
intention to apply to Parliament for an Act for making a railway
from Lancaster to Carlisle. In March the plans were deposited
with the various Clerks of the Peace and by November all the drawings and estimates were lodged in the Private Bill office in London
(K. Mercury). On 23 January, 1843, John Wakefield as chairman
of the Kendal Railway Committee issued a notice that toward the
£1,000,000 required by the Caledonian Railway to construct the line
69 miles from Lancaster to Carlisle, the London and Brighton and the
Grand Junction, together with other leading Railway Companies
have resolved to subscribe £500,000 on condition that £250,000 be
raised by landowners and others resident to the proposed line. It was
proposed to raise the money by shares of £50 each. In one day 550
shares were taken in Kendal (and about 400 in Carlisle) not withstanding that the Kendal and Lancaster Canal Company had offered
£50,000 on condition that the line should pass up the Vale of Lune
and omit Kendal. On 20 February at a public meeting in the Town
Hall strong resolutions against the Lancaster Canal monopoly were
carried unanimously. (K. Mercury). On 24 May, 1844, the Lancaster
and Carlisle Railway Bill, via Kendal, passed through both Houses of
Parliament, and finally the line was opened for traffic in September
1846. (Ibid). For the branch line to Windermere, see under Windermere.
1847 22 October. Rev. Joseph Baldwin Meredith took and subscribed
the usual oaths and declaration on his institution to the Perpetual
Curacy of St. George's Church. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
1848 8 January. Resolved that the Kendal Water Works Company be
allowed to convey pipes along Stramongate Bridge if approved by the
Bridge Master. Ibid.
1848 8 April. Rev. James Black (Master of the Grammar School)
appointed Chaplain of the Ho. of Correction. Ibid.
1851 10 January. Ordered that Elizabeth Fawcett, the wife of the
Governor of the Ho. of Correction be appointed Matron at a salary
of £20 per ann. (Ibid). Also that alterations and improvements be
made in the House according to Mr. Robinson's plan at an expense
not exceeding £60. Ibid.
1863 5 January. Resolved that the county do accept the offer of the
Kendal Board of Health to repair the road and footpath over Stramongate Bridge, at the sum of £7 per annum, being the average yearly
cost during the last sixteen years. They also agree to the offer made
by Mr. James Thompson to widen the road at the north-west side
and that he be allowed to take down some 10 yards of the parapet and
erect iron railings to the satisfaction of the Surveyor. K. Minute
1870 7 April. The Surveyor reported that he had not been able to
arrive at any satisfactory understanding with the Borough authorities
concerning the repairs of the approaches to Stramongate, Nether
and Blind Beck bridges. He said that it appears that from time
immemorial the County have only been at the expense of repairing one
half of the road over Stramongate Bridge, the whole expense of
the road over Blindbeck Bridge but no approaches, whilst there
is no record concerning Nether Bridge. (Ibid). On 5 April, 1871,
a Committee report that Stramongate Bridge was in the ancient
Borough, Nether Bridge outside the Borough, and Blindbeck divided
the Borough from the County. The Borough was not incorporated
at the time of the passing of the Act 22 Henry VIII, c. 5, which directs
bridges within Boroughs to be repaired by the Boroughs, but notwithstanding this, it appears that in ancient times the Borough did
repair or contribute to repair Stramongate Bridge, and at that time
did not contribute to the County Rate. We find that since the
Borough was incorporated, for the purpose of County Rating with the
County, viz: since the year 1836, these three bridges have all been
included in the list of County Bridges and we are informed that since
that time the whole repairs have been done by the County, and also the
roads over and adjoining those bridges, as follows, at Stramongate
Bridge the road only over the bridge, at Blindbeck the road over and
100 yards at the south side, and at Nether Bridge 50 yards each way
from the centre of the Bridge. The County Surveyor informs us
that the average cost of maintaining the above roads for the last
10 quarters has been £18 per annum to the County but that the
actual cost to the Town, who have taken the work on Contract, has
been £26. The Town Committee are willing to compromise by
taking a contract for the repairs of the roads to which the County is
liable for a term of years at £22, the County undertaking the whole
repairs of the Bridges themselves. K. Minute Book, 1859–75.
1871 18 November. The parapet on the north side of Stramongate
Bridge is in a very bad state and requires thoroughly repairing at a
cost of £40. Ibid.
1887 11 August. The Surveyor reports that he has examined Nether
Bridge and finds that the slit increases between the original arch and
the addition that was made to widen the bridge, and thinks it
desirable to bolt the two portions together immediately over the
arch stones as was done in the case of Levens Bridge, to prevent any
further cleavage. (K. Minute Book, 1886–89). On 20 October
following, he further reports that he found the foundations very
seriously underwashed—so that he had them underpinned and concreted around and the whole thoroughly pointed with cement.
1894 4 June. Letter from the Home Office declaring the discontinuance
of Her Majesty's Prison at Kendal with an offer to reconvey the
premises to the County Council for the sum of £3720. Resolved that
the above offer be declined. C.C. Minutes, 1894–96.
1907 6 September. The question of the widening of Nether Bridge was
brought before the notice of the County Council and a sub-committee
was appointed. On 14 February, 1908, it was resolved that the cost
be borne by the County if the Kendal Corporation could see their way
to purchase and pull down the Lime Kiln cottages adjoining the
bridge, the site to be dedicated to the improvement of the approach.
The surveyor reported how he hoped to gain a roadway of 21 feet, as
against the existing 16 ft. 10 inches, by taking down the north
parapet wall and adding the space occupied by it and the footpath to
the road, by putting up an iron railing and beyond it, i.e. outside the
bridge, by constructing with reinforced concrete, a footpath 5 ft.
wide. (C.C. Minutes, 1907–8). Very fortunately this atrocious
scheme was knocked out by the Kendal Corporation declaring that it
would not be willing to remove the cottages unless the alteration
maintained the present appearance of the bridge. Therefore on
25 April following it was resolved:—That for various reasons it is
very desirable that the widening of Nether Bridge be effected by
adding a third arch in preference to the reinforced concrete footpath
as suggested. On July 13 Robert Pennington's tender of £1662 with
slight variation was accepted, and on 4 September it was resolved
that an application be made to the Local Government Board for
leave to borrow £1600. C.C. Minutes, 1908–9.
Since going to press Mr. H. B. Greenwood has come across a survey
of the Kendal Rectory made in 1563 by Dr. Beaumont, which translated and very much abbreviated is as follows:—
The Master, Fellows and Scholars (of Trinity College, Cambridge)
hold for their own uses the Rectory of Kirkeby Kendall, farmed out
to a certain (Alan) Bellingham, Esq., under a three years indenture
at a rent of £105 15s. 9½d.
The Glebe lands are let to various tenants as follows:—
William Wilson holds one acre lying between the common on the
north and a close in the tenancy of Isabella Dockram on the south,
abutting on the common to the west and upon the land of Mable
Milne to the east; and pays 2s. per annum. He also holds two acres
between the land of Mabel Milne on the north and Michael Rowlinson
on the south, and abutting to the east and west; and pays 4s. per
annum. He also holds two acres of plough land between the close
of Adam Dawdeson on the east, the land of Richard Johnson on the
west, the land of the Rectory on the south and le Wellyrigg on the
north; and pays 4s. per annum.
Adam Dawdeson holds two-and-a-half acres and one rood lying
between the land of the Vicarage on the south, the land called Borrowgenn on the north and abutting upon the town of Kendal to the east
and the land of the said Rectory to the west; and pays 5s. 6d. per
Isabella Dockram, widow, holds two adjacent closes containing
five acres and lying between the land of William Wilson on the north
and of the said Vicarage on the south and abutting on Dogesfreyre to
the west and the land of the said Rectory to the east; and pays 10s.
Mr. Warriner holds three acres lying between the land of the
Rectory in the tenancy of Henry Wilson on the south and the common
on the north, with land pertaining to the Rectory in the occupation
of various tenants to the east and west; and pays 6s. per annum.
Henry Wilson holds three acres lying between—Warriner on the
north and James Wilson on the south and abutting on Isabella
Dockram to the west and Michael Rowlinson to the east; and pays
6s. per annum.
James Wilson holds an acre-and-a-half between the land of Henry
Wilson on the north and William Wilkinson on the south and the land
of the Rectory on the east and west; and pays 3s. per annum.
William Wilkinson holds two acres between the lands of James
Wilson on the north and Agnes Burse on the south, and the land of the
Rectory on the east and west; and pays 3s. per annum.
Agnes Burse, widow, holds two acres lying between the land of
William Wilson (? Wilkinson) on the north and the Vicarage land
on the south, and the lands of the Rectory on the other sides; and
pays 4s. per annum.
Mabel Milne, widow, holds one-and-a-half acre between the
common on the north and the land of William Wilson on the south
and the land of the Rectory on the other sides; and pays 3s. per
Adam Lecke holds three acres lying between Michael Rowlinson on
the north and Richard Todgill on the south; and pays 6s. per annum.
Michael Rowlinson holds one acre lying between William Wilson
on the north and Adam Lecke on the south; and pays 2s. per annum.
Richard Todgill holds an acre surrounded by lands of the
Rectory; and pays 2s. per annum.
James Strickland holds an acre and two roods between Burrowegen on the north and the land of Roger Coke on the south; and pays
3s. 6d. per annum.
Roger Coke holds two acres lying near by between the land of
James Strickland on the north and Richard Coke on the south; and
pays 4s. per annum.
Richard Coke holds two acres between Roger Coke on the north
and Henry Rowlinson on the south; and pays 4s. per annum.
Henry Rowlinson holds one acre surrounded by Rectory land;
and pays 2s. per annum.
Richard Johnson holds two acres lying between Richard
Rowlinson on the north and William Wallis on the south; and pays
4s. per annum.
William Wallis holds an acre lying in a close near by between the
lands of the Rectory on every side; and pays 2s. per annum.
|The sum total of the rents of the Glebe as above
|Tithes of grain
|Tithes on 1,000 lambs, worth 1s. 4d. each
|On 200 stone of wool, worth 4s. 6d.
|On a moiety of hay, calves and mortuaries
|Total value of the Rectory
Ambrose Hetherington, the vicar, holds the capital mansion with
plain hall, chamber and kitchen, built of stone and roofed with slates,
a barn, stable and other buildings behind and with four cottages, a
curtilage, an orchard and garden attached between the cemetery of
Kendall on the north and Nether Bridge on the south, a public street
called Kyrke Lane on the west and the river Kent on the east, with
an adjoining meadow called Parrock of one acre, and valued at 40s.
yearly. The said Ambrose holds a field of plough and pasture land
called the Vicars fyld divided into the said closes containing 40 acres
and lying between the land of the Rectory on the north and the land
of the Lord Marquis and the road called Collyn Lane on the south,
the common called Steynbank-green partly and the land of Alan
Bellingham partly on the west and the public way called Holsomleys
Lane on the east, and it is worth yearly £5. Also the said Ambrose
holds all the lesser tithes, viz: ducks, geese, fowls, milk, hemp and
flax mills, with all oblations and all other lesser tithes in the towns and
hamlets comprising the parish of Kendall, and moiety of hay, calves
The vicar is only charged with finding two curates at Kirkeby
Kendall at his own costs and charges. And albeit every of the said
hamlets have a several Chapel and a priest to minister divine service
by reason they are so far distant from the parish church yet the vicar
is not charged with the stipend of any of the said curates. And
none of the said hamlets may marry, christen or bury or administer
any sacrament but the same are to be ministered by the vicar and his
curates at the parish church.