RYDAL AND LOUGHRIGG.
February 11. A letter from John Bancks, the faithful factotum
to young squire Daniel Fleming at Hutton Hall concerning the
appointment of a minister for Rydal. Also particulars of the scene
that occurred in the Church on the Lord's Day between the clerk
and Mr. Turner of Ambleside (Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep. p. 22),
"who would not suffer Mr. Turner to read in the usuall place soe I
wished Mr. Turner to goe into the pulpit and officiate But the Clarke
begun to read a Chapter and I bid him give over but he would not,
Soe I shutt the booke soe Mr. Turner read a Chappter and sung a
Psalme and begune to preach." Armitt, Church of Grasmere, 87
7 October. Memorandum that on 22 July, 22 Charles II, John
Phillipson, of Calfgarth, yeo., came before Daniell Fleming and Robt.
Phillipson, esqrs, at Rydall and gave information and upon proof
by the oaths of several witnesses that Reginald Holme and his wife
of Loughrigg, Francis Benson of the same, Bernard Benson and his
wife of the same, Francis Benson the younger, Will. Wilson of
Langdall and his wife, Michall Wilson of Elterwater and his wife,
John Benson of Waytwayte in Langdall, John Dixon of Sidehouse in
Langdall, Will. Harrison of Harry Place in Langdall, Geo. Brathwaite
of High Wray, parish of Dalton, Edw. Rigg of High Wray, Jas. Grave
of Tackhowe parish of Dalton, Isabell Forrest of Tackhowe, spr.,
Will. Becke of Longthwayt, parish of Dalton, Will. Sathurthwayt of
Colthouse parish of Dalton, Charles and Edward Saturthwait of
Colthouse, Geo. Holme of Colthouse, Thomas Pennington of Hawkshead, Geo. Brathwayte of Feildhead, parish of Dalton and Giles
Walker of Walker ground parish of Dalton, yeomen, each of them
being aged 17 or more were present, assembled and unlawfully
congregated in the house of the said Reginald Holme with other
evildoers and disturbers of the King's peace unknown, to the number
of 20 persons besides the family of the said Reginald, there under
colour and pretext of exercising religion otherwise than allowed by
the Liturgy of the English Church and against the King's peace, his
crown and dignity, and against the form of the Statute in such case
made and provided; wherefore the said Reginald Holme and theother
evildoers are convicted, wherefore the said Justices impose upon the
said Reginald Holme a fine of £20 and upon each other person there
a fine of 5 shillings for their assent, according to the form of the
Statute, etc. K. Indictment Book, 1669–1692.
14 September. At widow Harrison's house in Rydal ninety-four
Quakers took the Test or Declaration before Sir Daniel and William
Fleming. Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep. 183.
9 October. Reginald Holme of Loughrigg, yeo. stands indicted for
that he on the 1 September with force and arms on the common
called Beckgreen, parcel of Loughrigg Common, did erect a certain
wall and hath encroached on the common to the nuisance of the
inhabitants. Order that the nuisance be removed and abated.
K. Order Book, 1669–96.
28 April. Whereas John Holme of Skelwith bridge end in Loughrigg stands indicted with Francis Holme of the same, yeoman, that
on 24 April, 5 William and Mary, he hath stopt and obstructed the
common highway leading from Beckgreen common through Ackening
Loneing to a common called Little Loughrigg and that the same is a
common nuisance, order that the said nuisance be removed by the
inhabitants of Loughrigg. Order that a nuisance be removed by the
same, of which John Holme of Beckgreen and Jane Holme of the
same place stand indicted for that on 10 February, 4 William and
Mary, they encroached on part of the Beckgreen common and
planted trees thereon. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
18 January. Rev. Hen. Fleming of Rydall, clerk, Tho. Barbon,
clerk, vicar of Burton and others took the oaths and subscribed the
Test. And on 5 April following, Sir Daniel Fleming, kt., Mr. Daniel
Fleming, Geo. Fleming, clerk, and Mr. John Brougham, took the
oaths and subscribed the Test. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
15 January. Presented that Pelter Bridge near Ambleside is a
public bridge and much out of repair; ordered that Mr. Will. Johnson,
high constable, and Leonard Beneson of Langdall view and contract
for repair or rebuilding of the same. (K. Order Book, 1696–1724).
On 9 April following it was ordered that Geo. Bateman be joined with
Joshua, Will. and Rob. Robinson, wallers, in the rebuilding of Pelter
Bridge according to agreement for £29 15s. Ibid.
16 January. Presentment that Pelter Bridge between Rydal
and Loughrigg is out of repair; order to the chief constable to view
and repair the same if at a reasonable cost, otherwise to consult with
workmen what the charges will be and report at the next Sessions.
(Ibid.). At the Court held on 16 April following, the chief constable
of Kendal Ward exhibited the proposals made by Will. Thompson of
Hartsopp, Arthur Dixon of Highhouse, Christ. Johnson of Armebeth,
and Will. Sharpe of Grasmere, severally produced to this court
touching the rebuilding of the public bridge called Pelter Bridge, now
very ruinous; order that if Will. Robinson and partners will rebuild
the bridge 11 yards in length 3 yards in breadth from outside to
outside and battlements 2 feet high with conveniences for passing and
repassing at each end thereof and give security for upholding the same
for 7 years, the chief constable may contract with them, if not to
contract with Christ. Johnson and his partners for £23. (Ibid.). On
the 14th May, 1708, William and Robert Robinson signed a deed
to pull down all and every part of the Common or County bridge
called Pelter Bridge and erect and build a new firm stone bridge in
the same place to consist of one bend or arch to the dimensions given
above excepting that the width is stated to be 7 foot within the ledges
or battlements. And complete the same on or before the 1st day of
August next ensuing. In consideration whereof Lancelot Thompson,
the high constable, covenants to pay the sum of £25, i.e. the sum of
£10 at the keying of the said new arch and the remainder at the
completion of the work. Browne MSS., vol. xiv, p. 284.
2 May. The charge for 3 yards of ledges, priming up and limeing
the Westmorland end of Skelwith Bridge is estimated at £1. K.
Indictment Book, 1692–1724; Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 221.
15 January. Presentment that the causeway between Rydal
and Pelter Bridge is out of repair. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
25 April. Order to the high constable to view the highway
between Pelter Bridge and Rydal Bridge where a person was lately
drowned and report. (Ibid.). On 4 June, 1718, Robert and William
Robinson entered into an agreement to amend the highway. First
to firmly pin up and secure all the old wall from Pelter Bridge down
the water for some 100 yards or thereabouts to an Ash Tree that is
standing in the bank or brow of the river. Then from an oak stubb
some 26 yards below Pelter Bridge to build a firm strong new wall
down the water some 74 yards to the said Ash Tree, laying the
foundations very low in the sand and 4 feet broad all along where the
highway is strait and narrow, being 34 yards. And all the said new
wall to be well walled with long stones and stopped with moss; the
old wall not to be broken or pulled down at any place but at the high
end about two yards in order to piece and bind with the new wall.
A firm wall and battlements one yard high above the level of the
highway must be set upon the said work from Pelter Bridge to the
Ash tree and great stones must be trailed and laid in the bottom of
the river close to the foundations to prevent the river underpinning
the said work. The Robinsons undertook the work and its maintenance in good and sufficient repair for seven years for the sum of
£13 5s. Browne MSS., vol. iii, n. 187; vi., nos. 173, 174.
16 January. Order for the repair of Rydal Bridge. (K. Order
Book, 1696–1724). Specification of the work required, dated 26
February, 1718/9. The Bridge must be set down water as it is
marked out and must be 10 yards betwixt the springers and 4 yards
broad, the battlements or ledges to be 2 feet 6 inches high above the
pavement on each side, on the north side so far as a water hole in the
Round Close. On the south side from the way that goes into a place
called the Allans a wall must be set on the outside of the cawsey all
along to the new wall end. The undertaker must pave and make the
road easy for all passengers and uphold the same for 14 years. He
must also with all speed throw two or three trees over that end of the
bridge which is now fallen and plank them over to secure the same
that passengers may safely go over till the said bridge be pulled down.
(Browne MSS., vol. ii, n. 44). On 27 May, 1719, William and Robert
Robinson entered into a bond to pull down all and every part of the
common or county bridge, called and known by the name of Rydal
Bridge and erect and build in the same place a new firm stone bridge
and maintain and keep the same in good and sufficient repair for 14
years, etc. (Browne MSS., vol. iii, n. 189). On 11 September, 1719,
Robert Robinson, free mason, gives receipt for £14 10s. being the
remainder of £24 10s. for building a new stone bridge called Rydal
Bridge near Rydal Hall. Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 253; ii, n. 170.
17 January. Order that the two high constables view Rydall
and Pelter bridges and report thereon at the next Sessions. K. Order
16 July. Presentment that from the time whereof the memory of
man is not to the contrary, there was and yet is a certain common and
ancient highway leading from the township of Langdale towards and
unto the market town of Ambleside and that a certain part of the
same King's highway in the township of Loughrigg beginning at a
gate on the south end of Langdale Common and from thence along the
lane leading to the market town to the dwelling house now or late of
Tho. Roberts, containing in length 2 miles and in breadth 8 feet, was
and yet is very ruinous, etc., and that the inhabitants of Loughrigg
ought to repair and amend the same. (K. Indictment Book, 175060). A certificate that the highway was in repair was submitted to
the Court on 17 January, 1755, when the indictment was discharged.
9 January. Presentment that Skelwith Bridge to the middle
thereof is one of the public bridges and that the said bridge and 88
yards of the highway at the northern end is in great decay, etc., and
ought to be repaired at the public expense of the county. Ordered
that the two high constables view and report the condition thereof at
the next Sessions. (K. Indictment Book, 1760–70). On 3 April,
1769, the high constables were ordered to forthwith repair the same.
K. Order Book, 1760–70.
3 April. Petition of the Surveyor of highways within the townships of Rydal and Loughrigg that the highways there are greatly out
of repair and that the 6 days labour is not sufficient to effectually
repair the same; ordered that an assessment of 6d. in the pound be
levied upon the several inhabitants owners and occupiers; and that
in case of refusal or non payment within 10 days of demand, levied by
distress and sale of goods, etc. (K. Order Book, 1760–70). On 27
April, 1772, a similar petition and order was issued. K. Order Book,
19 April. Presentment that Rydal Bridge is one of the public
bridges and is in great decay, etc., and ought to be repaired at the
public expense of the county. (K. Indict. Book, 1770–80). Order
to the two high constables to view and report the condition thereof
15 January. Presentment that Pelter Bridge and 300 ft. of the
road at the west end and 15 ft. at the east end of the bridge, are in
great decay and ought to be repaired at the public expense of the co.
of Westmorland. K. Order and Indictment Book, 1786–98.
5 July. The foundation stone of Rydal Chapel to be erected and
endowed by Lady le Fleming was laid on Wednesday last. (Local
Chron., 55). It was opened for public worship on Christmas Day,
1824 (Ibid., 60) and consecrated by Dr. Bloomfield, bishop of Chester,
26 August, 1825. Ibid., 63.
13 January. Fletcher Fleming, curate of Rydal took the oaths of
Allegiance, Supremacy and Abjuration, made the declaration against
Transubstantiation and subscribed the same according to law.
K. Indict. Book, 1824–34.
23 October. Rev. John Tatham took the oaths of Allegiance,
Supremacy and Abjuration and made and subscribed the Declaration
in lieu of the Sacramental Test on his appointment to the Perpetual
Curacy of Rydal. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
10 July. In order to widen Rydal Bridge the Surveyor proposed
to do so parallel with the north side, but in order to avoid a very
awkward turn at the Ambleside end he proposed to further increase
the width at this end by 3 ft. 6 ins. C.C. Minutes, 1889–94.
1 October. Skelwith Bridge was almost completely washed down by
the flood. It had been a double bridge and only a small portion of the
original pack-horse bridge at the Westmorland end remained. The
Surveyors of the two counties submitted plans for the rebuilding,
showing a bridge with two arches of 32 ft. 9 ins., and 31 ft. 9 ins. span
and a roadway of 18 ft. in the clear. They reported that on the
Westmorland side the approach is awkward by there being a reverse
curve which interferes with the proper view of approaching traffic,
but this might be improved by the removal of an old shed belonging
to Mr. Balme. (C.C. Minutes, 1889–94). The Committee recommend that Mr. Balme's offer to allow the road, opposite to the Inn, to
be widened be accepted. Mr. Grisenthwaite's estimate of £970 15s.
was also accepted. Ibid.
2 June. The Lancashire County Council having shown on a plan
the boundary of the township of Skelwith extended so as to include a
portion of the Lake, and being remonstrated with replied that their
sub-committee have consented to alter the line on the plan, but "it
must not be considered in any way as an admission on their part that
this portion of the Lake is in the County of Westmorland, or as in any
way affecting the boundary of the two counties in Lake Windermere."
C.C. Minutes, 1899–1900.