UNDERMILLBECK AND APPLETHWAITE.
15 September. Archbishop Zouche issued a commission for the
dedication of a church-yard at Windermere. Reg. Zouche, ff. 71,
John Newthorp who was instituted to the church of Windermere in 1377, resigned in 1387, whereupon the Crown nominated John
Ebchestre on 15th February, 1387–8, and Richard Pittes on the 22nd
following. (Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1385–9, p. 401). Whether either of
these two held the rectory is not recorded. John Bohun must have
succeeded to it very shortly after, and on 18 September, 1391, John
Burbryg was presented by the abbot and convent of St. Mary's on the
resignation of John Bohun. Burbryg resigned in 1396 when John
Bohun was again presented on 6 December, 1396. (Reg. Arch. of
Richmond, Yorks. Arch. Socy., vol. 25, pp. 190, 195). Bohun resigned
in 1399 when on 10 April John de Barwell was presented, on the
nomination of the Bishop of London a month before he surrendered
the de Coucy property to the lineal heiress. Barwell's estate in
the rectory of Windermere was ratified 14 April 1399, and again on
12 January, 1400–1. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1396–9, p. 528; 1399–1401,
Rural Deanery of Kendall. Rectory of the Church of Wyndeandermer. Adam Carus, incumbent.
The aforesaid Rectory is worth in—
|The Mansion with demesne land annexed to the same per annum
|Tithe of Grain
|Tithe of wool and lamb
|Tithe of hay and other lesser tithes as in the Easter Book
| Reprisals to wit—
|Annual pension to the Lord Abbot of St. Mary, York
|And another annual pension paid to the Vicar of Kendal
|A tenth part whereof
Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. 5, p. 267.
Wyndandymer Lib'a Capella (fn. 1) —William Monforth, incumbent.
The aforesaid Chapel is worth in
|Rent and farms in the hands of divers tenants per annum
|A tenth part whereof
Valor Ecclesiasticus, vol. 5. p. 268.
On 14 February, 1545–6, a commission was issued to Robert
Aldrich, bishop of Carlisle, Thomas Lord Wharton, Sir John Lowther
and Edward Edgore, Esq., to make a survey of the chantries in
Cumberland and Westmorland. Their Return is amongst the Rentals
and Surveys kept at the Public Record Office, roll 846. It gives the
following particulars of the Free Chapel. There is a free Chapel
within the parish of Windermere called Our Lady Chapel of the Holme,
distant from the said parish church half a mile, and they say that
Sir William Mountforthe is clerk and hath to his wages £6 13s. 4d.
paid him yearly by the lands of Christopher Philipson, Receiver of the
King's Majesty's rents of Windermere. And further they say there
are two tenements belonging to the said Chapel of 8s. ferme by year
in the tenure of Roland and Thomas Dicsone.
Among the loans from the clergy for the use of the CountPalatine of the Rhine, the king's son-in-law, Mr. Buffeild as parson
of Windermere in 1620 paid £1 4s. 4d. In 1622 as rector he contributed toward the recovery of the Palatinate the sum of £3 16s. 6d.
In 1624 James Wakefield as rector of Windermere paid a subsidy of
£4 4s. od. For the three years 1634–1636 Mr. Wakefield contributed
yearly the sum of 10s. toward the repair of St. Paul's Cathedral.
In 1639 James Wakefield as rector contributed £4 in aid of the war
against the Scots. Lanc. and Cheshire Record Soc., vol. xii,, pp. 58,
69, 82, 96, 124.
1 November. A hard frost continued from this date until 8 March
1662, during which time it was common to draw timber over the ice
on the lake. Wharton's Chronicle.
26 December. William Wilson, rector of Windermere, sends
information against a Quaker woman, who on Christmas day stood
up in the middle of the Church during his sermon and used slanderous
language against him. Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep. 44.
23 August. Christopher Philipson to Daniel Fleming, saying that
the Quakers of Windermere since the imprisonment of Thomas
Williamson are grown very peremptory, and presumptuously meet
in great assemblies in opposition to the parson and intend nolens
volens to have another meeting on Sunday three weeks. Hist. MSS.
Com., 12th Rep. 147.
13 January. John Philipson of Callgarth, Esq., aged 25 years,
on 29 October last at Kendal, in a case pending in the Bench between
John Mounsey attorney of the King's Bench, plaintiff, and the same
John Phillipson, defendant, made a false affidavit duly set forth
touching the employment of John Mounsey in some business.
(K. Indictment Book 1692–1724). On the 6th October following the
recognizance of John Phillipson Esq., was ordered to be escheated,
he having neglected to prosecute his traverse for perjury. Ibid.
14 July. William Wilson, rector of Windermere, signed the antiJacobite "Association," formed throughout the Kingdom for the
protection of William III. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
2 July. Agreement made by Dame Elizabeth Otway, of Ambleside,
to George Braithwaite of High Wray, granting her privilege of fishing
upon Windermere Water, with the privilege of carrying a boat with
any goods whatsoever from the head to the foot of the said water, for
one year, in consideration of the sum of 5s. The said Dame Elizabeth
reserves only to herself the twenty chars which the fishermen are to
give her every year. (Hist. MSS. Com. 10th Rep. 354). There were
three customary ferries across the Lake but that from Claife was the
principal; it was long held by the Braithwaite family, who paid
a rent to the lord of the Richmond fee as owning the waters. For
Thomas Dummers purchase with Ambleside Hall and Sir William
Fleming's repurchase see Transactions, C. & W. Antiq. Soc., N.S.
vol. VI, pp. 34, 35, 79–81.
11 October. A Meeting House in Windermere is licensed as a place
of religious worship for the people called Quakers. K. Order Book,
12 January. Complaint of Geo. Braithwaite that whereas he and
those whose estate he had, from time immemorial lawfully possessed
a common ferry-boat upon Windermere Water, to carry and recarry
passengers across from K. Kendall and other places in co. Westmorland to Hawkshead and other places in co. Lancashire, and that no
other person ought to keep a ferry-boat to carry passengers upon that
water, nevertheless Thomas Elleray of Stords, John Ellerary of the
same and George Robinson of Undermillbeck, yeomen, forcibly kept
a ferry-boat upon the said water, on 7 January last, and on divers
days before and since, to the damage of the said George. Traversed
20 July, 1711, by all three. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
Also James Kendall of Bownes, yeoman, was indicated for keeping
a ferry-boat to carry passengers, with their goods, on Windermere
Water, where he has no liberty, to the damage of George Brathwaite;
fined one penny. (Ibid.). George Brathwaite of Nabb, in Furness
Fells, co. Lancashire, yeoman, was indicted for an assault at Windermere upon James Kendall and Nicholas Dixon, and for taking and
throwing into the water an oar of theirs, so that it was lost; fined
2s. 6d. (Ibid.). Also, the said George Brathwaite of Nabb, Christopher Roberts of the same and William Roberts of Green, parish
Windermere, yeomen, were indicated for an assault upon James
Kendall, Nicholas Dixon and Elizabeth Dixon, at Windermere, and
obstructing them with their ferry-boat and passengers on Windermere Water. George Brathwaite fined 2s. 6d. and the others to be
15 July. James Kendall and John Kendall of Undermilbeck,
yeomen, indicted for carrying a quantity of slate in a boat upon
Windermere Water, in places called High Cubble and Middle Cubble
belonging to George Brathwaite, who has the sole right to carry goods
in the said places. James Kendall fined 6d. Ibid.
Joseph Symson, a senior alderman of Kendal and who kept a
druggist's shop in Stricklandgate (at the corner of what is now the
market square) wrote to a Mr. Robert Shard, dated 7 February, 1714,
"I have sent you a pott of charrs, our only north country rarity, of
wch we begg your acceptance, I hope 'twill please in eating, being done
by a nice hand." On the 14th he sent another" pott of charrs"
to Mr. Peter Desilter saying, "ye sawce wee generally use to eat
therewith is vinager sugar. I'm sure 'tis cleanly put up." K. Notes
and Queries, n. 501.
4 August. Presentment upon view of Rev. Hen. Fleming, D.D.,
J.P. that the highway upon the common, from the north corner of
Kentmere Park wall to the top of Garburne, being about 300 yards in
length, is very much out of repair. (K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724.).
See also Kentmere under same date.
6 February. Whereas upon complaint in writing made unto us
John Archer and Anthony Askew, justices of the Peace, by John
Barton, gent, executor in the Will and Testament of William Barton,
late rector of the parish of Windermere, concerning arrears in tithes
from the Quakers, etc. On 5 December, 1724, similar complaints
made by William Crosby, rector. And on 24 April, 1731, and the
11 December, 1741, similar complaints made by Girlington Butler
Barton, rector of the parish of Windermere. Browne MSS., vol. xiv,
pp. 83, 84, 85, 86 and 91; vol. iii, n. 55.
13 January. Thomas Philipson late of Rayrigg and James Biss
late of Windermere, yeomen, indicted for forcibly ejecting Thomas
Brathwaite, senior of Longholme, yeoman, from a messuage, barn and
tenement called Longholme alias Le Island whereof he was seised as
of an estate called "Tenantright." K. Indict. Book, 1692–1724.
13 January. The highway between the house of Thomas
Brathwaite and the Brat (or Boat), presented at the Xmas Sessions,
1724, to be ruinous, has not been repaired; order for repair under
pain of £10. (K. Order Book, 1725–1737). On 17 January, 1728/9,
an Order was issued to the Surveyor of highways to repair the highway leading to the Great Boat in the Nabb before next Sessions under
pain of £5. (Ibid.). On 16 January, 1729/30, the above order was
15 January. In pursuance of an Order made at this Sessions,
Benjamin Browne, high constable, reported that the way from the
foot of St. Catherine's Brow to the top was very narrow and a bad road
and so on to Misslet Moor very narrow and bad. Browne MSS., vol. i,
10 October. Presentment that part of the highway from Misslet
Gate towards Troutbeck Bridge and laying in Applethwaite, being
half a mile in length, is in decay. Minute Book, 1733–37.
31 May. Presentment that Under Milnbeck Bridge is one of the
public bridges and that the same bridge and 300 feet at each end is in
great decay and ought to be repaired at the public expense of the
county. (K. Indictment Book, 1750–60). Order to the two high
constables to view and report the condition thereof at the next
Sessions. (Ibid.). On the 16th July following it was ordered that
the high constables do forthwith contract at as low a rate as possible
with some able and experienced workmen for the repair of the above
bridge. (K. Order Book, 1750–60). On the 10 October, 1755, the
bridge was reported as sufficiently repaired. (K. Indictment Book,
1750–60) and an order was issued to the two high constables to pay
William Sharp the sum of £11 for the repair of Undermilnbeck Bridge.
K. Order Book, 1750–60.
11 April. Petition of the Surveyor of highways within the township of Applethwaite setting forth that the highways there are
greatly out of repair and that the 6 days labour is insufficient to
effectually repair the same; it is ordered that an assessment of 6d. in
the pound be levied upon the several inhabitants, owners and
occupiers and that in case of refusal or non-payment within 10 days
after demand upon distress and sale of goods, etc. (K. Order Book,
1760–70). On the 3rd April, 1769, and again on 8 January, 1770,
similar orders to the above were made. Ibid.
Robert Philipson sold Long Holme to Thomas English who pulled
down the old house and built the present bastard classic structure.
The remains of a Roman pavement composed of small pebbles and
many Roman antiquities were discovered during the excavations.
In the Spring of 1781 Isabella Curwen bought the island which has
since been known as Belle Isle. Curwen Pedigree, pp. 64, 70.
3 April. Rev. W. Barton, rector of Windermere took the oaths of
Allegiance, Supremacy and Abjuration, and subscribed the same
according to law. K. Indictment Book, 1770–80.
7 October. Deputation 2 September last from Rt. Rev. Richard,
Bishop of Llandaff, lord of the Manor of Calgarth, appointing John
Fleming of Rayrigg, esq., his game keeper for the Manor. K. Order
and Indictment Book, 1786–98.
9 January. Filed on the Rolls a plan and order to divert and turn
a certain part of the highway within the village of Bowness lying
between a barn of Mr. Robert Collinson and the lake of Windermere,
also an order to stop up the old way and sell the same. K. Indict.
10 July. Filed on the Rolls of this Sessions a plan and order to
divert and turn a certain part of the highway between Blackbeck and
Braithwaite Fold in the township of Undermilbeck for the length of
2230 yards, also the consent of John Bolton through whose grounds
the said road is intended to be diverted, also an order to stop up the
old road and to grant the land and soil there to the said John Bolton
as a compensation. Ibid.
22 April. Presentment that Millbeck Stock Bridge is one of the
public bridges and that the said bridge and the 300 feet of the road
at each of the ends is in great decay, and ought to be repaired at the
expense of the County. (K. Indict. Book, 1811–17). And John
Braithwaite one of the Bridge Masters praying for a suspension of
judgment is granted such until the next Session. Ibid.
8 January. Presentment that there is a certain common King's
highway, leading from a certain common King's highway, leading
from Kendal to Bowness, towards and unto a certain other common
King's highway leading from Kendal to Ambleside, and that a certain
part of the same situate in the parish of Windermere beginning at a
part opposite the land of one Peter Collinson and extending thence in
a northerly direction and containing 355 yards in length and in
breadth 15 yards, is very ruinous, etc., and ought to be repaired by the
inhabitants of the parish of Windermere. K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
15 July. The Award of the Commissioners appointed for enclosing
certain lands within the township of Undermilbeck was enrolled.
K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
14 October. Filed an order with plan annexed for widening part of
the highway in the village of Bowness, by adding 20 yards in length
and 10 feet in breadth from the lands of John Ullock. Also the order
with plan annexed for diverting part of the highway in the township
of Applethwaite, in length 375 feet and 15 feet in breadth, through the
lands of John Wilson, Esq. K. Order Book, 1817–24.
12 January. Richard Fleming, rector of Windermere, took the
oaths of allegiance, supremacy and abjuration, made the declaration
against Transubstantiation and subscribed the same according to
law. K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
13 January. See Crosthwaite under this date.
24 August. Notice of a prospectus of an intended new railway to
run from Kendal into the Lake District. The capital required is
£125,000, to be raised by £15 shares. It is proposed to leave the
Lancaster and Carlisle line near Oxenholme and proceed westward of
Parkside to Kendal and thence skirt along the eastern side of the river
Kent to a point near its junction with the Mint and thence pass
Burneside, through Ratherheath Plantation, by Staveley, Middle
Fair Bank, Black Moss, Droomer Style, Birthwaite and Troutbeck
Bridge Mill to the side of Windermere beyond the woods of Rayrigg
and Calgarth, about one mile short of Ambleside. On 5 November,
a meeting of shareholders decided to abandon the idea of carrying the
line to Lowwood, the engineering difficulties of the last 3¼ miles being
too great. (K. Mercury). On 30 June, 1845, the Act received the
royal assent. (Annals, 301) and on 16 July the first sod was cut.
On 20 April, 1847, the railway was opened by two trains from Kendal
to Windermere, conveying upwards of 800 passengers. The first
consisted of 16 carriages and the second of 18, and each was drawn by
three engines. K. Mercury.
20 October. Order for the diverting of a certain portion of a
public footway at Elleray in the township of Applethwaite. K.
Order Book, 1839–76.
22 October. Application for the stopping up and diversion of a
certain footway through part of the Glebe land at Undermilnbeck, as
delineated on plan, extending from a point opposite the west end of the
Cemetery Chapel and 10 yards north of a certain gate across the said
footway, thence it passes to the Rectory house on the west side
thereof and proceeds along a narrow way between two gardens
belonging to the Rectory into another inclosure, part of the Glebe,
called Hall Field, a distance of 462 yards from the first mentioned
point to a point of the footway in the inclosure 58 feet north of the
stile in the fence separating Hall Field from a piece of woodland
adjoining on the south side thereof. The proposed diversion to start
at the west end of the chapel and to continue on the east side of the
Rectory house to the south-west corner of another enclosure, thence
through a part of Hall Field for a distance altogether of 441 yards
until it joins the present footway at the aforesaid point 58 feet north
of the said stile. It being nearer and more commodious to the public
the application was allowed. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
1 December. The British Electric Traction Company's proposal
to make light railways between Windermere station and the Steamer
Pier at Bowness, and also between the said station and Ambleside, was
opposed by the County Council unless the following provisions were
inserted for the protection of the Council's interests. 1. The Company
making at their own cost the carriage way on the promenade 60 feet
wide, and not less than 30 ft. on the other sections of the roads in
addition to the existing width of footpath. 2. That the railway and
18 inches on either side of it be formed of granite cubes or setts.
3. That the Company shall place electric lamps and maintain the light
upon such of the standards erected as the Council shall approve, not
exceeding one lamp for every sixty yards of railway. C.C. Minutes,