The Lumley Fee. Ralph brother and heir of Robert son and
heir of Marmaduke de Lumbleye obtained livery of such manors and
lands of Thomas de Thweng, deceased, as were lately in the hands of
Edward III., by reason of the minority of the said Robert, who died
within age in the said late King's wardship; Ralph having proved
his age and the King having taken his homage and fealty. A partition
of the lands late of Thomas de Thweng had been made between (1)
William de Botrieux, Knt. and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of
Katherine, sister of the deceased and cousin and one of his heirs;
(2) Walter Pedwardyn, Knt. and Isabel his wife, daughter of Margaret,
second sister of the deceased; (3) John de Hothom, Knt. son of
Matilda, another daughter of the said Margaret; (4) for the pourparty
of the said Robert, being son of Marmaduke, son of Lucy, third sister
of the deceased, then within age and in the late King's wardship, the
King kept in his hand the Manor of Helsyngton, extended at £22
14s. 8¼d. a year; a yearly rent issuing from divers freeholds in Kirkeby
in Kendale at 10s.; the free farm of divers freeholders in Kendale and
elsewhere with the tarns of Skakeleswater and Grissemire and the
fishery thereof at 30s. 2¼d. a year; two-thirds of a pasture and wood
called the Haye and of a pasture called Moserthewayte at 12½d. a year;
the service of Randolph de Dacre at 12d., of Richard Vernoun at
6s. 8d., of Henry de Threllekeld at 16s., of Hugh de Dacre and Gilbert
son of Christopher de Lancastre at 2s., of Robert de Kyrkeby at 12d.,
of John de Souleby at 8d., of John Knot at 1d., and of Robert
Wasshyngton at 12d.; a fourth part of the fishery of the Fors and
of the river Kent, the fishery of Wynandermere at 30s.; a fourth
part of the hamlets of Severgh, Threllesgrope, Montjowe and
Brentwode, pleas and perquisites of court in the premises at 10s.,
and premises and rents in certain places in Lancashire (named) and
£4 5s. 3d. of rent in the manor of Lounde, Yorks.; all which
premises were delivered as above to the said Ralph de Lumbleye; (fn. 1)
Cal. Close R. 336.
11 April. Forasmuch as the Cawsey between Beathwaite Green and
Sampoll is now by the oaths, etc. proved to be a common highway
leading between the market towns of K. Lonsdale and Cartmell, and
that the same by the Statute, being a common highway, is to be
repaired by the inhabitants of the parish wherein it lies. And forasmuch as it appears that by the custom of the Barony of Kendal every
constabulary is to repair their own highways, it is therefore now
ordered that the inhabitants of the Lordship or Constabulary of
Levens, wherein the said Cawsey lies, and now in great decay, shall
cause the same to be repaired at or before Michaelmas Sessions next.
Quarter Sessions Records.
7 April. For the matter in controversy betwixt the inhabitants of
Levens and Witherslack touching the repair of Sampull Cawsey, it is
ordered that both parties produce their witnesses in open Court the
next Sessions. (Ibid.). At the 17 July Sessions the case was
adjourned. (Ibid.). And upon hearing the matter at the 6 October
Sessions the Court approve of the necessity of the said way, but for
repair thereof leave it as it hath been accustomed for 50 years last
2 October. The Earl of Derby to Sir John Lowther and Daniel
Fleming saying that his tenants at Witherslack have complained that
they are very much damnified by the decay of Brathwaite Green
"cawsey" and Sampepoole Bridge. Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep.
15 January. The jury present that the public bridge called Sampoole Bridge upon the stream called Sampoole is ruinous and in decay
and ought to be repaired by the inhabitants of co. Westmorland.
K. Indictment Book, 1669–1692.
13 January. Sampool bridge on the highway leading from the
market town of Cartmel to K. Kendall having been presented by two
justices to be ruinous, order to William Garnett and Tobias Knipe,
gent., high constable of K. Ward, to survey the same and contract for
the repair thereof. K. Indictment Book, 1669–1692.
The Long Cawsey, leading from K. Kendall, K. Lonsdale and several
other market towns over the bridge called Sampoole and so over
Bleacragg bridge to the market towns of Cartmell and Ulverston
having been presented as in great decay; order that the same be
repaired by the inhabitants as formerly before next Sessions. (Ibid.).
On 5 May following the way called the Long Cawsey, parish of
Heversham, presented at last Sessions as ruinous, was ordered to be
repaired by the inhabitants of Leavenes, as formerly, who now
petition that being the King's highway, the same for the future may
be charged on the county or parish. Order that for the future it be
repaired by the inhabitants of the parish of Heversham. K. Indictment Book, 1669–92, see also K. Order Book, 1669–96.
15 January. Ordered that the several persons concerned who
ought to repair the Cawsey near Beathwaite Green do forthwith repair
the same, otherwise to be indicted (K Order Book, 1669–96).
On 7 October following there was a further Order that the Long
Cawsey be repaired within one month upon pain of £5. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
11 October. Beathwaite Green new bridge indicted by the jury,
upon presentment of Richard Fleming, esq, and Dr. Archer, to be in
decay. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
7 October. Indictment and order to repair the way from Beathwaite Green to New Bridge. Ibid.
13 January. Presentment that Levens Bridge, being a public
bridge is in decay and that the Cawsey adjoining thereto is broken
up and by the violent floods lately happened deep holes are made in
the same; order for the chief constable to view and repair the causeway and report as to the cost of repairing the bridge. K. Order Book,
10 October. Order to contract for the repair of Levens Bridge and
causeway. (K. Order Book, 1696–1724). Ditto on 17 April, 1713.
(Ibid.). On 25 August following Rowland Walker, mason, received
£10 for his work. Browne MSS. vol. i, n. 265.
11 March. Christopher Bindloss entered into an agreement to
firmly and sufficiently repair and amend the public highway between
Levens Bridge end and Nether Levens, i.e. first to make a good strong
and broad wall of large and long stones in the river from the entrance
into the water of Nether Levens side below the said Levens Bridge
down the water 40 yards or thereabouts to be made and raised so high
as to defend and secure the public highway. Laying all the foundation and groundwork very low and deep in the sand and to be four
foot broad in the bottom. Item to cut shift and remove the sand bed
which now lies in the midst of the water below the said bridge to either
side of the river. Also to complete and finish the work and every
part thereof on or before the 1 August next ensuing. Also shall from
time to time and at all times as often as shall be requisite and needful
well and sufficiently repair amend maintain and uphold all the said
new intended wall and work for and during the term of seven years
The contract cost £7 10s. of lawful English money. Browne MSS.,
vol. xv, n. 190. This was when the highway passed for a distance
of about a furlong close beside the north bank of the river and
consequently before the Turnpike Act made the present diversion.
1816 Survey of the Levens Hall estate
12 July. Order for the high constable to view the public bridge
called Levens Bridge. (K. Order Book, 1696–1724). On 13 January
following an Order was issued to the high constable of K. Ward to
contract for repair of part of Levens bridge in decay next to Nether
Levens and pay £5 as a gratuity towards the repair of Pow house
Bridge, it being not a public bridge, so that it be effectually repaired
by those that ought to repair it. Ibid.
5 October. Presentment that several persons in and above Beathwaite Green make a public way over the bridge called Sampey
(Sampool) Bridge with carts and carriages to the prejudice therof;
order to the high constable to view and report the cost of repair.
15 January. In pursuance of an Order made at this Sessions
Benjamin Browne reported that the way from Levens to Beathwaite
Green was in several places very narrow and covered with hedges.
Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 220.
7 October. Order to the high constable to view Levens Bridge and
contract for the repair of 300 feet of the highway at the end of the
bridge. K. Order Book, 1725–37.
16 January. Presentment that 100 roods in length and 3 yards
in breadth in the King's highway in a certain place called Brigsteer
Park in the parish of Haversham leading from the township of
Underbarrow to the market town of Burton is in great decay for want
of reparation so that the subjects of the King passing and repassing
on horseback and with their carts and carriages cannot without danger
to their lives to the great let and common niusance of all his Majesty's
liege people, and that the said way was dirty, founderous and bad, etc.
K. Indictment Book, 1738–50.
13 January. Presentment that Levens Bridge is out of repair.
14 January. Presentment that Levens Bridge is one of the public
bridges and in great decay and ought to be repaired at the public
expense of the county. (K. Indictment Book, 1750–60). Order to
the two high constables to view and report the condition of the said
bridge at the next Sessions. (Ibid.). On the 14 April following an
order was issued to contract with some able and experienced workmen
for the repair of Levens Bridge. (K. Order Book, 1750–60). On
9 January, 1764, the presentment was discharged on a certificate that
the bridge was in good and sufficient repair. K. Indictment Book,
15 July. Order that the two high constables do forthwith repair
the old part of Levens Bridge. K. Order Book, 1760–70.
11 April. Presentment that New Bridge (Sampool) is one of the
public bridges belonging to the County and that the said bridge is in
great decay for want of due reparation to the great damage and
common nuisance of all the king's liege subjects, and that it ought to
be repaired at the public expense, ordered that the two high constables
view and report the condition at the next Sessions. K. Indict. Book,
6 October. Presentment that Levens Bridge is one of the public
bridges and that the east or higher side of the said bridge and the
arches thereof is in great decay, and ought to be repaired at the public
expense of the county. (K. Indict. Book, 1780–87). Certified in good
and sufficient repair on 4 October, 1784. Ibid.
13 January. George Haresnape of Hincaster was convicted for
attempting to take salmon and other fish in enclosed ground called
Levens Park on 2 November last past and was fined £5 to the Lady
Mary Howard the owner of the fishing. K. Indict. Book, 1780–87.
12 April. Presentment that Levens Bridge and 300 ft. of the road
at each end of it are in great decay and ought to be repaired at the
public expense of co. Westmorland. K. Order and Indictment Book,
9 October. Order to get an estimate for rebuilding the addition to
Levens Bridge lately fallen down, and to contract for the necessary
12 January. Presentment that Sampool Bridge, otherwise (the old)
New Bridge, and the public highway called Long Causeway or Beathwaite Green Causeway, ought to be repaired. Ibid.
12 January. Appointment by Ric. Howard, esq., of Hon. Fulk
Greville Howard, as his gamekeeper for the manors or lordships of
Levens, Heversham, Millthrop, Clawthrop, Fawcett Forest, High
House Skelsmergh, Helsington, Underbarrow, Crosthwaite with Lyth,
Crook, Staveley, Hughgill, Long Sleddale, Sadgill, Kendal, Kirkland,
Watchfield and Gathorn. K. Order and Indictment Book, 1798–
10 July. Presentment that Edward Metcalfe unlawfully did keep
at large and did permit and suffer to go at large 10 horses, 10 mares,
10 geldings then and there being infected and diseased upon the King's
highway by reason whereof the liege subjects could not pass without
great danger of being kicked and lamed and without being greatly
obstructed, etc. (K. Indict. Book, 1811–17). Fined £20 and William
Metcalfe also fined £20. Ibid.
21 November. Died on the 13th inst. at his seat, Ashtead Park,
aged 85, Richard Howard, Recorder of Kendal, brother of the late
and uncle of the present lord Bagot, having survived his worthy lady
only a few months. The Hon. Col. Fulke Greville Howard, his
son-in-law, is shortly expected at Levens. Local Chron., 29.
18 October. Order that Lyth Pool Bridge, in decay, shall be wholly
taken down and rebuilt upon a new and more convenient site within
200 yards of the former one; and that the Trustees of the Ulverston
and Carnforth Road be allowed to take the old materials of the
present bridge, conditionally on their erecting a new bridge southward,
down the river Pool or upon a diversion of the same river, and that
they make a temporary bridge over the river before the present bridge
is removed. K. Order Book, 1817–24. See Plan on the next page.
8 January. Order with plan annexed for diverting and turning and
stopping up a certain part of a public highway in Levens. (K.
Indict. Book, 1817–24). Also for stopping up two useless footways.
30 April. Filed an order with plan annexed that a part of the
public highway leading from the site of the late bridge over the river
Pool towards Beethwaite Green for the length of 220 yards, coloured
red on the plan as being unnecessary, to stop up, sell or dispose of such
part, reserving nevertheless to the Hon. Fulk Greville Howard a free
passage for persons horses cattle and carriages through the land of
that part of the said highway which leads from Beethwaite Green to
the close belonging to him adjoining to and lying on the north side of
the said old highway. K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
19 June. On Wednesday last the foundation stone of a new school
at Beathwaite Green was laid, and on 5 July, 1826, the Hon. F. G.
Howard laid the foundation stone of the new chapel there. Local
Chron., pp. 59, 122.
7 April. Rev. Arthur John Smith took the usual oaths and subscribed the Declaration on his appointment to the Incumbency of
Levens. K. Minute Book, 1859–75.
The question "is meat ever used to give strength to beer" appeared
in Tit-Bits, vol. x, 326. Considerable doubts have been expressed as
to the possibility of combining meat with malt and hops. Such a
combination, however, was made in the case of Morocco, brewed at
Levens Hall from a secret recipe, and flesh was certainly introduced
into the Durham University strong beer. It is almost dark, pours
like oil and tastes mild as milk in its treachery. K. Notes and
Queries, n. 671.
25 February. Levens Bridge consists of two spans, 52 ft. 7 ins.
and 47 ft. 9 ins. on the south and north sides respectively, with a
central pier 11 ft. 5 ins. thick. It has been built in two sections, the
lower portion built first with an overall width of 10 feet, and the
upper portion added. There has been no attempt to tie the two
portions together and the consequence is that they have separated
from nothing at the springing line to something approaching 12 inches
at the crown. The whole structure is out of plumb, inclining from
west to east. The surveyor suggests bolting the two sections together, and that the arches be bared on the top and levelled up with
cement concrete and that covered with asphalte to prevent the water
percolating through and further disintegrating the masonry. C.C.
2 June. The damage done to Levens Bridge by the flood of 2nd
November last was serious. A great portion of the abutment on the
south-east side was washed out. The cost of repair amounted to
£76 3s. 2d. C.C. Minutes, 1899–1900.