Heversham and Milnthorpe
Rural Deanery of Catterick. Vicarage of Evershame, co. Westmorland, Henry Carbot, incumbent.
|The aforesaid vicarage is worth per annum
|Reprisals to wit:—
|In rent paid yearly to St. Mary's
|Paid to the archdeacon of Richmond for Synodals and Procurations yearly
|A tenth part whereof
The above named deduction and augmentation is in accordance
with a bill signed by the hand of Thomas Audeley, knt., Chancellor of
England and the concession of the incumbent. (Valor Ecclesiasticus,
vol. 5, p. 245). This reference to Heversham Church being for the
time in the Rural Deanery of Catterick deserves further notice.
26 April. In the Will of Edward Mansergh of Mansergh, under
this date, there is a bequest of 3s. 4d. to the parish church of Heversham. Surtees Socy., vol. 26, p. 38.
On 14 February, 1545/6, a commission was issued to Robert Aldrich,
bishop of Carlisle and others to make a survey of the chantries in
Cumberland and Westmorland. Their Return is amongst the
Rentals and Surveys kept at the Public Record Office, roll 846. It
gives the following memorandum:—"Edwyne Sandes, vicar of Heversham, James Hall, John Wilson, Richard Atkinson and Walter Preston
churchwardens, findeth that there is a chantry in the parish church of
Heversham founded by one Miles Brigges of Crosthwaite, deceased,
which did give £100 to purchase a chantry to find a priest to pray for
his soul and his elders and to help to maintain the service of God as
appeareth by Will of the said Miles Briggs, and also the said Miles
Briggs did give £13 6s. 8d. more to the said chantry to mend it withal
and to cause an obbet (fn. 1) to be done yearly for his soul. Note. Five
marks in tenure of Richard Tolley in Yorkshire besides Leads at a
place called Glede."
26 June. William Thwaightes, clerk, entered his composition for
first fruits of the Vicarage of Eversham, extended at £36 13s. 4d.,
whereof the tenth 73s. 4d. At the three subsequent terms, viz.
The Birth of Our Lord, 1554; the Nativity of John, 1555; and the
Birth of Our Lord, 1555, the composition was extended at £33.
Sureties: Thomas Pyckering of the parish of St. Pancras, London,
and John Lancaster of the same, mercers. P.R.O. First Fruits
Composition Books, 1546–1603, vol. iv, folio 171.
7 July. Robert Heblethwaite, clerk, compounded for first fruits of
the vicarage of Eversham, extended at £36 13s. 4d., whereof a tenth
£3 13s. 4d. At the four subsequent terms, viz. The Birth of Our
Lord, 1560; the Nativity of John, 1561; the Birth of Our Lord, 1561;
and the Nativity of John, 1562, the composition was extended at
£33. Sureties: the said Robert, Robert Borrowe, of the parish of
St. Edmund in Lumberdstrete, London, haberdasher, and Thomas
Michell of the parish of St. Olave in Old Jewry, London, innholder.
Ibid., vol. vii, folio, 76.
18 June. Nicholas Browne, clerk, compounded at the like
£36 13s. 4d. which was reduced to the like £33 at the four subsequent
terms ending with the 1 June, 1573. Sureties: Nicholas Williams
of the parish of St. Ethelburga, London, goldsmith, and George Ward
of the parish of St. Sepulchre, London, haberdasher. Ibid., vol. viii,
10 July. Giles Ayloffe, clerk, compounded at the like £36 13s. 4d.
which was reduced to the like £33 at the four subsequent terms ending
with 6 July, 1574. Sureties: William Ayloffe of Hornechurche, co.
Essex, esq., and Thomas Ayloffe of Lincoln's Inn, London, gentleman. Ibid., vol. viii, folio 337.
1 July. Heversham Church utterly consumed with fire . . . .
fortuned through negligence of a careless workman, being a plumber.
Booke of Accompts made for the Church of Heversham.
Among the contributions from the clergy and schoolmasters to
the King toward the recovery of the Palatinate of the Rhine, Mr.
Calvert as vicar in 1622 paid £3 13s. 4d. and Mr. Wakefield as schoolmaster £1. In 1624 Thomas Calvert as vicar paid a subsidy of £6 12s.
For the three years 1634 to 1636 Thomas Calvert as vicar paid 10s.
yearly as a contribution from the clergy for the repair of St. Paul's
Cathedral. In 1639 Thomas Bigg as vicar contributed £2 in aid of the
war against the Scots. Lanc. and Cheshire Record Socy., vol. xii,
pp. 69, 70, 82, 96, 125.
27 February. The name of Thomas Bigg, vicar of Heversham,
from 1638 to 1645 is included in a list of sequestrated Royalists, dated
as above. Cal. Com. Comp., i, 176.
20 April. John Wallace is presented at Quarter Sessions for not
reading the Order of Common Prayer. Ordered that he shall personally appear at Sessons to answer such measures as shall be objected
against him. K. Indictment Book, 1656–67.
24 June. Order to George Browne, high constable of Kendal Ward,
to pay unto Mr. Edward Wilson the sum of £13, out of the 9d. in the
pound lately assessed for the reparation of bridges, for the repair of
Milnthorpe Bridge. Browne MSS., vol. ii, n. 91.
July Sessions. Order to the owners of lands adjoining the highways of Beetham and Milnthrop and Heversham that they shall butt
and flash their hedges hanging into the said way before next Sessions
under pain of 10s. each; and that the inhabitants of Milnthrop shall
stop up the Lime Kilne in the highwayside at Acquenthwaite on
pain of 40s. K. Indictment Book 1669–92.
6 September. The first bell hung in Heversham Church; it was
founded by Jeofferie Scott of Wigan.
Upon the Earl of Carlisle, as Vice Admiral, asking for assistance
to impress 400 able seamen and send them on board ship at Newcastle,
Daniel Fleming replies that he had sought in vain in Westmorland for
seamen for impressment. Those who sometimes come to Milnthorpe
are all Lancashire men and live at Grange. Writing from Dallam
Tower Edward Wilson replies that there are no seamen, only two boatcarpenters, brothers, at Milnthorpe. Hist. MSS. Com., 12th Rep.,
pp. 88, 89.
One of the important results of the Toleration Act of 1689, was the
establishment in London of a Presbyterian Fund to assist Students
for the country ministry, and one of the earliest local benefactions
came to Milnthorpe for a monthly lecture. On 31 August, 1691, it
was agreed that £8 per annum be allowed "towards the propogation
of the Gospel at Milthrop in Westmorland." The grant was continued
up to June, 1693. Mr. Thomas Jolly being the preacher. Older
Nonconformity in Kendal, 230.
20 April. Order for the apprehension of Thomas Postlethwaite of
Heversham Head, yeoman, who stands indicted for felony, but has
neglected to appear. He stole a sheep, price 1s. of Tho. Harryson,
found guilty and whipped. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
17 January. Thomas Harryson of Heversham, yeoman, indicted for taking a wether sheep, price 10d., of John Barrows;
acquitted—Also for an assault upon William Fell, one of the constables in the execution of his office at Heversham; fined 5s. (K.
Indictment Book, 1692–1724). Also an order for the apprehension of
Thomas Harryson of Heversham, indicated at this sessions for several
great crimes and misdemeanors, being a person of very evil fame.
(Ibid.). On the 24 April an order was issued to levy from Thomas
Harryson of Heversham the sum of £1 14s. expended by William Fell,
constable, in conveying the said Thomas Harryson to the County
24 April. The following being suspected persons, have neglected
or refused to make and subscribe the Declaration and take the oaths:
Thomas Hudson and Jannett his wife, Rowland Backhouse and
Elizabeth, his wife, Richard Hudson and Rebecca his wife in Milnthorpe. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
14 July. George Farmer, vicar of Heversham, signed the antiJacobite "Association," formed throughout the Kingdom, for the
protection of William III. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
16 January. Milnthorpe Bridge over the Bela is presented as
ruinous and in decay: Order to the chief constable to call some
sufficient workmen to view the said bridge and give an estimate for its
repair on 14 February, and that John Cragg and John Gibson be
viewers. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
30 July. Order that the Chief Constable of Kendall Ward attend
the justices at Milthorp on 10 August to view the bridge at Milthorpe
in decay. On 10 October, 1712, an Order was issued to contract for
the repair of Milnthorpe Bridge. K. Order Book, 1696–1724.
7 November. Christopher Woodburn of Milnthorpe contracted to
make a new pavement from the north end of Milnthorpe Bridge up to
the horseing stone above Richard Dowker's dwelling house door, such
breadth as shall be necessary for making the way good and to make
the said pavement of thin stones, etc. Browne MSS. vol. i, n. 272.
11 October. Mr. Thomas Watson of Heversham, Schoolmaster,
took the oaths, etc. K. Indictment Book, 1692–1724.
7 October. Presentment that the highway from Milnthorpe to
K. Kendall is in great decay for want of repair, to wit, in Milthrop and
Haversham, the townships fines 20s. a piece. K. Indictment Book,
October. Presentment that the Alta Via Regia at Milthrop bridge
end is very ruinous. K. Indictment Book, 1725–37.
16 January. Order to Benjamin Browne and Mr. Robert Greenwood, the high constables, to contract for the rebuilding of the
public bridge called Milnthorpe Bridge (the bridge near Park Side),
now in a ruinous condition. (K. Order Book, 1725–37). On 6 April
following Robert Robinson, free mason, and Robert Bindloss of
Hincaster, waller, entered into an agreement to pull down all and
every part of the common and county bridge, called and known by
the name of Milnthorpe Bridge, now being in very great decay and
very incommodiously situated for all travellers and passengers with
carriages, and erect and build about 20 yards below a new firm stone
bridge to consist of two bends or arches of at least 23 yards and one
foot betwixt the springers, and 4 yards broad, and maintain and keep
the same in good and sufficient repair for seven years from and after
the 25th July next ensuing. (Browne MSS., vol. vi, n. 183; xv, n.
192). On 10 July 1730, Robert Robinson, free mason, gives receipt
for £50 being the remainder of £90 for the new building of the bridge.
Browne MSS., vol. i, n. 245; ii, 40.
15 January. In pursuance of an Order made at this Sessions for
the high constable to view the common highways and to make a
report of the state and condition of the same, Benjamin Browne
reported that the way from Ackenthwaite to the Wood Houses was
in many places very narrow and the hedges troublesome; from
Milnthorpe to Heversham the way is most of it narrow and covered
with hedges; and from Heversham to Levens some places very
narrow. Browne MSS vol. i, n. 220.
12 January. Upon an application by the Surveyor of Highways
of Millthrop for an assessment to be made towards the repair of the
highways within the said township and this court being fully satisfied
that the common highways cannot otherwise be sufficiently amended
and repaired; it is ordered that an assessment of 6d. in the pound
shall be made levied and collected and allowed by the surveyor upon
all and every the inhabitants owners and occupiers of lands, houses
and tenements, within the aforesaid township, and that the money
thereby raised shall be paid to the surveyor who shall employ the
same for and towards the amending, repairing, paving, cleansing and
supporting the common highways within the township as need shall
require. (K. Order Book, 1738–50). A similar order was made on
11 October, 1751, and in case of refusal or non payment of such
assessments 10 days after demand it be levied by distress and sale of
goods, etc. K. Order Book, 1750–60.
6 October. Presentment that from time whereof the memory of
man is not to the contrary, there was and yet is a certain ancient and
common King's highway leading between the market towns of
K. Kendale and Milnthrop, beginning at a place called Rowell Lane
End to Aukanthwaite Gate, containing in length 300 yards and in
breadth 8 feet, very ruinous, miry, deep broken and in decay, etc.,
and that the inhabitants of the township of Milnthrop ought to repair
it. (K. Indictment Book, 1750–60). Ordered that the inhabitants
be fined the sum of £10 if the said highway be not well and sufficiently
repaired before the next Sessions. (K. Order Book, 1738–50). Upon
a certificate produced at the Sessions, 4 May, 1753, that the above
highway is now in good and sufficient repair it is ordered that the
presentment be discharged. Ibid.
3 October. Ordered that the high constables do pay unto Robert
Bindloss and George Ellis, undertakers of the county bridges in the
Kendale and Lonsdale Wards, the sum of £18 for the rebuilding of
Milnthorpe Bridge. Query, the repairing of the old bridge near
Parkside. K. Order Book, 1760–70.
A memorandum in the Churchwardens' Book at Heversham
Church states that "the School of Heversham not being wholly
finished by the founder was completed by the consent and at the
charge of the Parish on both sides of the Mosses."
Reclamation of the Kent Sands and diversion of the river to
Lancaster. "A design is now under consideration to inclose the
sands and to turn the course of the River Kent, and others of less note,
which are to join the River Lune near Lancaster; and as it is the most
essential advantage of a seaport to possess the largest quantity of
water that can be obtained, this addition will prove a benefit so
considerable, that the most zealous support and assistance are expected from the town (Lancaster) and its neighbourhood. The
business to be carried forward by a company, united and incorporated
on this great and laudable occasion. When the subscription amounts
to £15,000 they will proceed to embark and recover from the sea as
much of the sands as can with probability of success be maintained by
which, among many other advantages, the passage from Whitehaven
to Lancaster will be much more secure and commodious. Gentleman's
Magazine, for 1786, vol. lvi, ii, 1140.
26 April. Ordered that James Simpson be taken to the House of
Correction and there confined in a solitary cell until the 12th day of
May next and from thence be taken to the market town of Milnthorpe
and there publicly whipped through the said market till his body be
bloody and then discharged. K. Minute Book, 1780–1804.
The Act for dividing, allotting and inclosing the commons, waste
grounds and mosses in the parish of Heversham, comprising some
6000 acres, was passed in 43 George III, c. 116. But owing to the
illness and death of one of the Commissioners, the commission was
delayed until 9 December, 1813, when Richard Clark of Rothwell
Haigh, York, Henry Teal of Leeds and John Tatham of Lowfields,
York, signed the oath of equity, good conscience and without favour,
prejudice or partiality. The preamble recites that the Master,
Fellows and Scholars of Trinity College, Cambridge, are the impropriators of the Corn Tithes (except of the Township of Crosthwaite and Lyth where the Corn Tithes belong to the owners of the
said township, and except such part as belongs to the Vicar) and
Daniel Wilson and Thomas Strickland, esquires, were their lessees.
And also reciting that the Rev. George Lawson, M.A., as vicar was
entitled to the corn and hay tithes of certain lands at Heversham
Hall belonging to the said Daniel Wilson and to a certain annual
payment out of or interest in Milnthorpe Mills belonging to Richard
Howard, esq. And also reciting that the King's Most Excellent
Majesty in right of his Crown together with the said Richard Howard
in his own right, were joint lords of the said manor or township of
Crosthwaite with Lyth and that the Rt. Hon. William Lord Viscount
Lowther was lessee of his Majesty's share, etc., etc. The Award was
signed by the Commissioners on 14 June, 1815.
6 April. Thomas Walton, parish of Heversham, labourer, for
stealing 10 yards of linen cloth, value 10d. belonging to Robert
Banes, sentenced to 12 months solitary confinement in the House of
Correction at Kendal. Thomas Warbrick of Beetham, for the same
offence sentenced to transportation for 7 years, and being only 25
years of age, active and healthy, is recommended for the army or
navy. K. Order and Indictment Book, 1798–1811.
11 October. Rules of the Friendly Society established at Milthrop,
approved and signed. K. Order and Indictment Book, 1798–1811.
4 October. A Certificate is filed on the Rolls that the bridge
leading from Milnthorp to Dix's over the river Bela is built in a
substantial and commodious manner and is now in good repair.
(K. Indict. Book, 1811–17). The old road passed over the bridge
near Park Side and went direct into the waste between the river and
Dallam Tower Park for some 100 yards before it turned westward, it
then followed on the south side of the Bela and ran between the
Kennels and Hollins Well and so to Sandside. The new turnpike
road avoided the awkward turn over the old bridge and kept north of
the river for some 500 yards before crossing by the new bridge. See
the plan opposite.
Milnthorpe bridges and pre-turnpike road.
18 February. Advertisement for the building of Milnthorpe
Workhouse, under F. Webster, architect.
16 October. Ordered that the Heversham Inclosure Award be
deposited in the office of the Clerk of the Peace. K. Order Book,
15 July. On the Rolls of this Sessions is filed an Agreement by
and between the Townships of Milnthorpe and Heversham, Levens
and Hincaster, the Townships of Beetham and of Burton and Holme,
the Townships of Dalton and the Township of Yealand Redmayne,
that the said respective Townships shall be united for the better
maintaining and employing their poor. (K. Indict. Book, 1811–17).
On 14 July, 1817, the scheme was enlarged so as to include the
townships of Scalthwaiterigg, Hay, Hutton in the Hay, Crook,
Stainton and Sedgwick in addition. K. Indict Book, 1817–24.
12 July. A building now erecting in Milnthorpe by Henry Hewerson of Kendal was duly licensed and allowed as a place for the public
worship of Almighty God by Protestant Dissenters commonly
denominated Independents. (Ibid.). It was opened for public
worship on 18 March, 1820. Local. Chron, 41.
25 February. "I, George Wilson, this day enter on the laborious
office of Schoolmaster of the Free Grammar School at Heversham.
The School I find in a very declining state, there not being more than
twenty pupils who attend it, all of whom are very indifferent scholars.
The building is in a very dilapidated state scarcely one whole
window can be found about the place." By Easter he had 35 pupils.
On 22 July he writes "I have opened my house for the reception of
boarders and have succeeded in obtaining four young gentlemen; I
have now 40 pupils." By Christmas the number had risen to 50
pupils. George Wilson's Diary.
15 April. On the Roll of this sessions is filed a certificate that
Rowell Bridge is erected and completed in a substantial and commodious manner. K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
15 July. Filed an order with plan annexed for stopping up a
certain highway between Ackenthwaite and Rowell, 436 yards in
length and 4 ft. wide, as being unnecessary, reserving nevertheless
a passage or right of footway along the said road so intended to be
stopped. K. Indict. Book, 1817–24.
27 March. The local newspapers report that the workmen have at
last cut through the hill between Heversham and Milnthorpe and that
the new Turnpike road is expected to be open to the public before
Whitsuntide. We can see remnants of the pre-turnpike road as it
passed over Sizergh Fell and in the "Low Road" at Leasgill, and we
can clearly trace it passing through the site of the modern Heversham
School and along Dughill Close to the ancient footpath stile and thence
along the Park House drive to the eastern boundary of Bull Copy
and through the site of the modern residence known as St. Anthony's.
When the Hincaster and Arnside Railway was formed in 1876 a
small diversion was made to the Turnpike Road in order to cross the
line more conveniently. See the plan opposite.
HEVERSHAM Showing the pre-turnpike roads and fields.
17 October. Order to widen the approach to Rowell Bridge at the
western end according to plan. K. Order Book, 1824–34.
8 January. Certificate setting forth that a certain dwelling house
in the occupation of Robert Lawrence of the parish of Heversham is
intended to be used as a place of public worship for Protestant
Dissenters, which is hereby allowed. K. Indict. Book, 1824–34.
10 October. The building of the new church at Milnthorpe was
let on Friday. Local Chron., 103.
8 April. That a petition be prepared to her Majesty in Council
praying that Milnthorpe may be made a place for taking the Poll for
Members of Parliament for the townships of Hincaster, Preston
Richard, Stainton, Witherslack, Levens, Meathop and Ulpha,
Milnthrope and Heversham, Crosthwaite and Lyth and Old Hutton
and Holmscales. (K. Order Book, 1839–76). On 21 October
following an Order of Council having been obtained to make Milnthorpe an additional polling place it was resolved to assign the
following townships to it:—Beetham, Levens, Preston Patrick, Crosthwaite, Meathop, Sedgwick, Farleton, Milnthorpe and Heversham,
Stainton, Haverbrack, Old Hutton and Holmscales, Witherslack,
Hincaster, Preston Richard. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
2 August. Writing from Milnthorpe Parsonage, Nicholas Padwick
condemns the practice of hiring servants on the Sunday and appeals
to the farmers and labourers not to attend until the Monday. K.
21 October. The Rev. Robert Wilson Evans, vicar of Heversham,
took and subscribed the usual oaths and declaration on his appointment. K. Indict. Book, 1839–52.
10 April. Ordered that Mr. Robinson and Mr. John Dunne do
inspect the premises offered by Mr. Wilson for a new Lock-up at
Milnthorpe and that they report as to the cost which will be required
to adapt the building. K. Order Book, 1839–76.
2 May. An application was made to the County Council to have
the road from Heversham Churchgate, via Deepthwaite to the K.
Lonsdale and Milnthorpe main road, constituted a main road. Not
allowed. A further application was made for a grant in aid of the
cost of rebuilding Deepthwaite Bridge. C.C. Minutes, 1889–94.
2 October. The Local Government Board having sent the Heversham and Milnthorpe Confirmation Order as to the division of the
parishes; it was resolved that Orders be made fixing the number of
Parish Councillors as five for Heversham and nine for Milnthorpe.
C.C. Minutes, 1896–7.
19 August. Resolved that the County Council be recommended
to place kerb-stones for a footpath on the west side of the road from
the gate to the field opposite Plumtree Hall to the Smithy at a cost of
£16 1s. 9d., provided that the inhabitants will form the footpath.
This the Parish Council agreed to do on 13 November following when
the County Council intimated that they would commence the work so
soon as Mr. Bromley Wilson has given his consent to set back his
wall. C.C. Minutes, 1898–99.
13 February. Mr. Watson of Plumtree Hall, submits a plan and
applies to the County Council to allow a building for the metal class,
to encroach about 15 super feet into the main road. The position of
the proposed building is such that the encroachment would interfere
very little, if at all, with the traffic. Resolved that Mr. Watson's
application be granted subject to the removal of the building if it
should be required for public improvement, and on payment of an
acknowledgment rent of 2s. 6d. a year. C.C. Minutes, 1913–14.