||Healaugh, near Reeth, Grinton par.
||Barton St. Mary and Barton St.
Cuthbert. Grimbald Fraunceys is called
John Grimbald or Grumbald in Kirkby's
Inquest (p. 179). In 1315–6 the heirs
of Grimbald Franceys were the tenants
(Ibid., p. 335).
||Probably an ancestor of the Coore
||A grange of Easby Abbey.
||Moulton, Middleton Tyas par.
||May be Rogeri.
||It should be Baynbrigg', as appears
from the last entry but one.
||A grange of Eggleston Abbey.
||Eppleby, Gilling par.
||Occurs again a little higher up.
||Crossthwaite, Romaldkirk par.
||The "rigg" is known by the same
name still. It is in Holwick.
||The word wanting is probably
Couton. In 1284–5 Hugh de Couton
held two bovates of John de Layton in
N. Cowton (Kirkby's Inquest, p. 177).
||Startforth, on the south side of the
Tees, opposite Barnard Castle. Domesday Stradford.
||West Layton, Hutton Magna par.
||Jolby, about three miles east of Croft.
||Lonton, nr. Middleton-in-Teesdale.
||Yafforth, near Northallerton.
||Brompton-upon-Swale, near Catterick Bridge.
||Perhaps Low Swinston, about a
mile S.W. of Scargill, in the parish of
||At the time of Kirkby's Inquest
(p. 166) there were three Daltons, Dal-ton Michell, Dalton Travers, and Dalton
Norreys, all now represented by Dalton,
in the parish of Kirkby Ravensworth
which was called in another place (p. 133)
Dalton in Broghton Lith. This Broghton
is the Broctun mentioned in Domesday
(fo. 25b), in close proximity to Daltun.
The Dalton in the text got its distinctive
appellation from a certain Michael, son
of Michael de Dalton, whose daughter
and heiress, Agnes, married Thomas de
Ryhill, from whome it descended to the
Michael de Ryhill who held it at the
date of Kirkby's Inquest. (Plantagenet
Harrison's History of Yorkshire, I.166).
||June 16th, 1310. Grant to John of
Brittany, Earl of Richmond, amongst
other things, of a market at his manor
of Boghes on Fridays, and a four-day
fair on the eve and day of the Translation
of St. Swithin (July 15th), and the two
days following (Charter Roll, 3 Edw.II.
||An abbreviation of de Arcubus or
||Wichard or Guichard de Charron.
||Commemorated in Old Spital, New
Spital, Low Spital, Spital Grange, and
Spital Park, names of farmhouses on the
road between Bowes and Brough-underStainmore.
||Called Mikel Couton and Temple
Couton in Kirkby's Inquest (p. 177).
Now East or Long Couton.
||In Gilling par.
||Morton-on-Swale, Ainderby Steeple
||Hunderthwaite, Romaldkirk par.
||Wilden Beck and Wilden Grange
still named here.
||Cliffe, Manfield par., on the Tees,
opposite Pierce Bridge.
||Monsr Edward Charles de Clyff—d'ernyne a cheife de goules et cinq
losengz d'ermyne en le cheif (Mr. Thos.
Jenyns Boke of Arms. The Antiquary,
I. 208). Same arms for Monsr Edward
Carles de Brigenhale (Ibid. II. 100).
||Newsham, Kirkby Ravenswath par.
||In the parish of Marske.
||Badforth, Gilling par., on the south
side of the Tees, opposite Gainford.
||Forcett, a perpetual curacy in the
par. of Gilling.
||Called John del Hegh in Kirkby's
Inquest (p. 169).
||Called Galfrid Scot' in Kirkby's
Inquest (p. 171).
||Mr. Scaife identifies this place with
the hamlet of Atley Hill and Atley Hill
Farm, in the township of South Cowton,
about one and a half miles W.S.W.
of East Cowton (Kirkby's Inquest,
||In the parish of Barton St. Cuthbert.
The grange here belonged to Easby.
||In Hillary Term, 21 Edw. i. (1292–3)
Hugh Fitz Henry and his wife Albreda
were defendants in a curious suit of
assault. It was alleged by the plaintiff,
Hugh of Barnard Castle (de Castro
Bernardi), that on Sunday before the
feast of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross, 19 Edw. i. (Sept. 9, 1291), at the
ninth hour of the raised (nona
hora merarii levati) in Quassington by
the vill of Raveneswath within the
liberty of Richmond, in the public road
(in communi via), between the vill of
Kirkeby Raveneswath on the west and
the vill of Quassington on the east,
near a certain wooden cross, as he was
going towards the said vill of Quassington, in the said road, with his back
towards the west, and distant from the
said cross towards the east two and a
half perches, John le Whyte and Adam
le Rate, by the command and commission of the said Hugh and Albreda,
feloniously, like felons, and by premeditated assault, assaulted him with
two sticks (baculis), that is, John le
Whyte with a stick of hazel (de corulo),
which he held in his two hands, an ell
and a half long and twelve inches round,
with which he struck him and broke
(disrupit) his right arm four inches
above the elbow. Adam le Rate struck
him with an oak stick, which he held in
both his hands, an ell and three quarters
long and fifteen inches round, with which
he struck him and broke his right elbow
and put it out of joint (et juncturam
inde dessepavit), whereby he was maimed
in his right arm by the Striking of the
said Adam, and by the force and assistance of the said John, and by the
command and commission of the said
Hugh and Albreda. As soon as they
had done their work, Adam and John
fled to Hugh Fitz Henry's manor of
Raveneswath. Hugh of Barnard Castle,
as soon as he could walk, went and
raised the hue and cry (levavit hutesium
et clamorem), and at once pursued them
(recenter prosequebatur), from vill to
vill to the four neighbouring vills
around, and from the four vills to the
king's bailiffs, from the king's bailiffs
to the coroners of that district, and from
the coroners to the next County Court,
from the County Court to the King's
Court, what remedy should be done to
him by the king's writ. Hugh FitzHenry
and his wife pleaded successfully in
defence, that as Adam and John had
not yet been convicted of the assault,
they could not be indicted for sending
them. The case was then adjourned to
St. John's Day, when the defendants
pleaded that the appellant was not
maimed, as he alleged, "And the same
Hugh, the appellant, being seen in court,
moved his right arm, his hand and his
fingers, and also wrote, and is not
maimed" (Coram Rege, No. 135, m. 8d).
||About five miles south of Barnard
||Ainderby Steeple, near Northallerton, formerly Ainderby Fourneux; called
Aynderby Withestepel in 1304 (Coram
Rege, No. 177, m. 52).
||Aldborough, Stanwick par.
||Called Adam de Nairford in Kirkby's
Inquest (p. 170). In Trinity Term, 34
Edw. I. (1306), Adam de Nailford
brought an action against John Waleys,
parson of the church of Melsamby, for
cutting and carrying away, on Wednesday, the eve of the Nativity of St. John
the Baptist, 33 Edw. I. (June 23, 1305),
birches and poplars (boulos et tremularios), to the value of 100s., growing
at Melsamby, in a place called Riscogh'.
Defendant alleged that he had cut them
for husbote and haybote (Coram Rege,
No. 185, m. Id).
||Hartforth, Gilling par.
||In the parish of Croft.
||Carlton, Stanwick par.
||Lartington, Romaldkirk par.
||Lady Albreda, relict of Sir Henry
Spring, knight, had a grant in 1312
from Richard, Bishop of Durham, "quod
tanta corporis adversa valetudine et etate
senili deprimitur, quod absque gravi
periculo in ecclesia sua parochiali congruo non valet tempore ecclesiasticis
officiis interesse," to have a chaplain in
an oratory within her manor, in the vill
of Hoghton, to celebrate divine service
for herself and household (Reg. Palat.
Dunelm. i. 138).
||Now Norgill, which probably is the
correct reading here.
||East Layton, Melsonby par.
||Thringarth, a hamlet S. W. of
Mickleton-in-Teesdale, Romaldkirk par.
||There is still an ancient farmstead
in Kelton called Bink House, and part
of the Fell is called Bink Moss.
||Probably Laythebanke is the place
||Skeeby, Easby par., N.W. of Richmond. The grange mentioned below
belonged to Easby.
||Called in Kirkby (p. 171) Thomas
||Halnaby, Croft par.
||Whitwell, Catterick par.
||Mortham-on-Tees, Rokeby par.
||Little Langton, Great Langton par.
||Bolton-upon-Swale, Catterick par.
||Kiplin, in the same Parish. The
grange here belonged to Easby.
||Now Doctor's Hill.
||He derived his name from Cote
House Farm, in this parish.
||High Green and Low Green are
names of places in Mickleton.
||See note 4, p. 11. At the time of
Kirkby's Inquest, John Norreys was the
chief landowner here.
||Gychard de Charron. On Dec. 28,
1292, the king, then at Newcastle-onTyne, granted licence to Guichard de
Charrun to crenellate his dwelling-house
of Horton, co. Northumberland (Calendar of Patent Rolls, 1292–1301, p. 2).
In 1308 Guichard de Charrun, junior,
had a grant of a market on Mondays at
his manor of Sutton-on-Trent, co. Notts.,
and of a fair there on the eve, day and
morrow of St. James the Apostle (July
25), and of freewarren in all his demesne
lands of the said manor (Charter Roll,
2 Edw. II., No. 52).
||Usually written Berningham. The
n in this name had a great tendency to
disappear. The name constantly occurs
in the Guisbrough Chartulary, but almost
invariably as in the text.
||Clowbeck, Manfield par.
||Briscoe, East and West, in the
township of Cotherston, and parish of
||Stapleton, Croft par.
||Brian FitzAlan was lord here at
||The Abbot of St. Agatha's at Easby.
||Uckerby, Catterick par., six miles
||High and Low Fremington, near
||This name is incorrectly given in
Kirkby (p. 172) as Robert FitzBrian.
||Whashton, in Kirkby Ravensworth
parish. Called Qwassynton and Wassington in Kirkby's Inquest. Not
mentioned in Domesday.
||In the parish of Marske.
||Gen. Plantagenet Harrison (p. 211)
reads this and the following name, Adam
Neuland, 6s., Henry de Bereford, 3s.
||Here John de Midelton and Adam
de Qain are the General's reading.
||Robert Pacok and Robert de Hagford, according to the same authority.
He reads Hugh de Mersk 12¼d for the
||In the parish of Stanwick.
||I supply the names wanting from
General Harrison (p. 523). "Margery,
the wife of Gerard, 3s 1¾d; John, son
of Hobbe, 3s 9¾d; Thomas Scot, 3s 1¾d;
Richard Cote, 9d; Robert (de) Berden,
2s 3d; Eudo, son of John, 4s 2¾d;
Hugh de Aula, 3s 9¼ d; Roger, son of
Matilda, 3s 3¼d; William del Hill,
3s 1¾d; Henry de Strangways, 20¾d."
The last entry is no doubt an error for
Staynwegges. The Strangwayes family
did not come into Yorkshire till nearly
a hundred years later.
||Maunby-on-Swale, Kirkby Wiske
par. August 22nd, 1310. Beverley.
Grant to Ranulph de Mauneby of freewarren in all his demesne lands of Thorgramby (Thorganby), West Cottingwith,
Mauneby, and Neuby-on-Wiske (Charter
Roll, 4 Edw.II., No. 26). March 29th,
1252–3. Wautham. Grant to Roger
de Maugneby of freewarren in all his
demesne lands in Maugneby and Kirkby
under Knolle, and in Berebrunne, co.
Westmorland (Ibid. 37 Hen. III. m. 4).
||Kneeton, Middleton Tyas par.
||Ovington on the Tees, near Wycliffe.
||In the parish of Kirkby Wiske.
||Otherwise Hutton Magna, or Great Hutton, a perpetual curacy in the parish of Gilling. By a deed entered on the Coram Rege Roll (No. 111, m. 7d) for Easter, 16 Edward I. (1288), Margaret, widow of Geoffrey de Neville, granted to John de Lovetot, senior, the manor of Houton Longvilers, he paying 40li a year at Michaelmas for the same. These being witnesses, Sirs William le Vavasor, William de Ryther, Richard de Harecurt, William de Stopham, William Scargil, Robert de Wyclif, knights; Robert de Hertford, Henry de Kyghleye, William de Bernyngham, John de Hertford, and others.
||Christian name supplied from Kirkby's Inquest (p. 168). She was daughter and sole heir of Sir John de Longvillers, Knight, lord of Hutton Longvillers and Hornby in Lancashire. She married Geoffrey de Neville, brother of Robert de Neville of Raby, who predeceased her, and was succeeded by her son, Sir John de Neville.
||I supply the missing names from General Harrison (p. 443), but his transscript seems untrustworthy, "Emma, widow, 2s 11d; Ralph, son of Roger, 3s 3¼d; Ralph, son of Norman, 12½d; Geoffrey, son of Warin, 5s 7½ d; Richard, son of Hugh, 3s 7¾ d; John the Chaplain, 8¾d; Walter Topping, 3s 6½d; John Bercar, 12d, William, son of John, 2s 0¼ d; Alan, son of Herbert, 2s 1¾", Walter Faber, 3s; John Prepositus, 3s 4d; Alan, son of Alan, 3s 8d.
||Warlaby, Ainderby Steeple par.
||Roger Sparnore (misread for Speruore, or Spervore = Sparrow) held three and a half carucates here at the date of Kirkby's Inquest (p. 176).
||Eryholme, near Croft. The Domesday Argun, i.e. Hergum, which is simply the locative or dative plural of the old Norse word horgr (A. S. hearg, O. H. Germ, haruc)—a heathen place of worship. Airyholm, at the foot of Roseberry Topping, was anciently Ergum or Hergum (Atkinson's Handbook to Ancient Whitby, p. 113). Cf. Grimsargh.
||Solberge or Sowber Hill, Kirkby
||Thrintoft, Ainderby Steeple par.,
||Ellerton-on-Swale, Catterick par.
||Hursqui de Cleseby port de goules
ove une fees et trois losenges d'argent
(from a 14th century Roll, Coll. Top.
et Gen., ii. 327).
||Romaldkirk. Domesday Rumoldescherce, Rumoldescerce. Also called
Ecclesia or Villa S. Rumaldi or Rombaladi.
||Probably the commencement of the
name Muker, formerly Mewacre, which
belonged to Rievaulx Abbey at the
Reformation (Rievaulx Chart., p. 328).
||Oxnup in Muker, five miles from
||Perhaps Keld, close by the other
places, which also belonged to Rievaulx
at the Reformation (Ibid. p. 329).
||Birkdale, about six miles N.W. of
||Feldom, in the parish of Marske.