References

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English Heritage

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F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor)

Year published

1957

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297-325

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'References', Survey of London: volume 27: Spitalfields and Mile End New Town (1957), pp. 297-325. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50182 Date accessed: 22 September 2014.


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References

General Introduction

(pp. 1–13)

1. 2 Geo. II, c. 10, public.

2. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, Roman London, 1928, p. 159; and see also ’A Letter to the Publisher, written by the ingenious Mr. John Bagford’, Feb. 1714/15, prefixed to Johannis Lelandi Antiquarii De Rebus Britannicis Collectanea Ex Autographis Descripsit ediditque Tho. Hearnius, 1715, vol. i, pp. lxi–lxii.

3. Stow, vol. i, pp. 168–70.

4. The Wren Society, vol. xviii, p. 195; and see John Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1720, Book IV, p. 49.

5. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 55.28, abstract of title of Sir T. E. Colebrooke, 1755–1835; see also S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 20 April 1762, 19 April 1774, 8 April 1776.

6. D.N.B.; and The Mirror, 23 May 1829.

7. G. W. Hill and W. H. Frere, Memorials of Stepney 1890–1, p. xi.

8. P.R.O., E179/143/370.

9. See D.N.B. sub Edward Barber; Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society, vol. 4, No. I, p. 51; also see Chapter III for Hanserd Knollys and William Kiffin.

10. Cal. S.P. Dom., May 1684–Feb. 1685, pp. 108, 140; and Middlesex County Records, ed. J. C. Jeaffreson, vol. 4, 1892, p. 240.

11. P.R.O., C78/1640.

12. B.M., Egerton MS. 3006 ff. 228–30; ibid., Add. MS. 22253 ff. 4–6; L.C.C.R.O., Harben Bequest Deed C 139; ibid., Acc. 55.28, Survey of Manor of Stepney, 1652, hamlet of Mile End.

13. John Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1754, vol. i, p. 367; and Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xvi, p. 35.

14. Cal. S.P. Dom., July-Sep. 1683, p. 330.

15. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minute Book, 19 July 1718, and Vestry Minutes, 31 July 1753, 30 July 1754.

16. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. ii, p. 455, and The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745.

17. J. S. Burn, The History of the FrenchProtestant Refugees Settled in England …, 1846, pp. 162–4.

18. David Masson, The Life of John Milton, vol. vi (1880), pp. 741, 751–9.

19. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minute Book, 29 and 30 March 1703.

20. 11 Geo. II, c. 35, public.

21. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 9 July 1746.

22. 12 Geo. III, c. 38, public.

23. 28 Geo. III, c. 60, public.

24. 32 Geo. II, c. 49, public, and 16 Geo. III, c. 60, public.

25. 14 Geo. III, c. 30, public.

26. A. K. Sabin, The Silk Weavers of Spitalfields and Bethnal Green, 1931, p. 8; and Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xvi, p. 35.

27. H.M.C., 7th Report, Appendix, MSS. of Sir H. Verney, p. 464, and 12th Report, Appendix, Part VII, MSS. of S. H. Le Fleming, Esq., p. 124.

28. Cal. S.P. Dom., July-Sept. 1683, p. 330.

29. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minute Book, 17 Oct. 1693; and Cal. S.P. Dom., 1696, p. 438.

30. The Case of the Inhabitants of the two New Parishes of Spittlefields and Wapping Stepney (B.M., 816, m. 9, 102).

31. L.P.L., Papers, box II, 4 July 1729.

32. Ibid., Minute Book II, p. 405.

33. Cal. Treasury Books and Papers, 1735–8, p. 185; L.C.C.R.O., BRA666/1/31; and Shoreditch Library, press-cutting 5 Nov. 1739 in extra illustrated edition of Ellis, vol. iii, between pp. 326 and 327.

34. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 31 Aug. 1763, 10 Sept. 1771; The London Chronicle, 4, 7, 13 Oct., 7 Dec. 1769.

35. 13 Geo. III, c. 68, public.

36. See J. H. Clapham, 'The Spitalfields Acts 1773–1824', The Economic Journal, vol. 26 (1916), pp. 459–71.

37. Distresses of the Spital Fields Weavers, N.D. (B.M., 1851, c. 10(79)).

38. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 15 Feb. 1749.

39. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 27 July 1762.

40. See examples in Bishopsgate Institute, 'Pelham House, Spitalfields, etc' (L.26.24), p. 29.

41. See Commission on Handloom Weavers 1840, Assistant Commissioners' Reports, Part II, pp. 216–17 (evidence of Mr. Edward Church, a solicitor of Spital Square) for extinct Hugue not Societies for historical, floricultural, entomological, literary, musical and colum barian interests.

42. 20 Geo. Ill, c. 66, public.

43. Census of Great Britain 1801, vol. i, pp. 209–10.

44. Census of England and Wales, 1901, London, pp. 8 and 10.

45. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 5 March 1807.

46. Report of Dr. J. P. Kay, Assistant Poor Law Commissioner relative to the Distress Prevalent among the Spitalfields Weavers, to the Poor Law Commissioners, 27 April 1837.

47. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 3rd series, part 2, 1902, p. 59.

48. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Sept. 1858, 17 June 1859.

49. Ibid., 10 July 1861.

50. Commission on Handloom Weavers 1840, Assistant Commissioners' Reports, Part II, pp. 64–5.

51. Annual Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Whitechapel District for 1893 by Joseph Loane M.O.H.

52. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 3rd series, part 2, 1902, p. 16.

53. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 18 March 1847.

CHAPTER I (pp. 15–20)

The Manor and Liberty of Norton Folgate

1. MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, press B, box 37.

2. G. Hennessy, Novum Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense, 1898, p. 36.

3. Ellis, p. 304.

4. Domesday Book, 1783, vol. i, f. 128a.

5. Early Charters of St. Paul's Cathedral, ed. Marion Gibbs, Camden Society, 1939, Introd., p. xviii.

6. Kate M. Hall, Relics of the Ancient Liberty of Norton Folgate, in The Home Counties Maga zine, vol. v, 1905.

7. See W. H. Hale, The Domesday of St. Paul's, Camden Society, 1858, and V.C.H., London, vol. i, 1909, pp. 432–3.

8. P.R.O., C143/296, No. 23.

9. MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, press A, box 77, Nos. 2048 and 2050.

10. C.C., Deed 169397b.

11. Stow, vol. ii, p. 73.

12. Modern copy in C.C., Deed 248133.

13. G. H. Cook, Old St. Paul's Cathedral, 1955, pp. 33–7, and R. Newcourt, Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense, 1708, vol. i, p. 349.

14. Newcourt, op. cit., vol. i, p. 58.

15. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, pp. 296–8.

16. M.L.R. 1718/5/5–6; 1730/3/368; 1746/1/85–6.

17. M.C.R.O., typescript calendar of Sessions Books 1652–6, pp. 176–7.

18. Eighteenth-century copy in C.C., Deed 169397d.

19. C.C., Deeds 243153–4, 243138–9, 247216.

20. Guildhall Library, MS. 2087.

21. S.C.L.L.C., Norton Folgate Trustees' Minutes, 14 Feb. 1832.

22. M.C.R.O., Middlesex Calculations of Basis or Standard for County Rate, Feb. 1864, p. 31.

23. C.C., File 49133.

24. A. W. C. Hallen, The Registers of St. Botolph, Bishopsgate, 1889–95.

25. P.C.C. 5 Coode.

26. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. G. S. Fry, 1896, part 1, p. 171 ( British Record Society, vol. 15).

27. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 31 Oct. 1711; Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I.

28. T. L. Smartt, A Brief History of the Parish of St. Botolph Bishopsgate, 1824, p. 24.

29. Middlesex County Records, Sessions Rolls, ed. J. C. Jeaffreson, N.D., vol. i, p. 277.

30. P.R.O., E179/143/370 and 407.

31. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, p. 296.

32. 32 Geo. II, c. 49, public.

33. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, p. 298.

34. L.P.L., plans Jj and Ee, and Guildhall Library, Middlesex Collection of maps and prints, Norton Folgate section.

35. 18 Geo. III, c. 77, public.

36. Middleton, Works, vol. viii, p. 96, quoted in Stow's Survey of London, ed. C. L. Kingsford, vol. ii, 1908, p. 369.

37. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1661–2, p. 71.

38. P.R.O., SP29/382, No. 126.

39. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Minute Book 1729–1790.

40. 50 Geo. III, c. 5, local and personal.

41. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees' Minutes, 3 Dec. 1812,6 May 1813.

42. John Northouck, A New History of London, 1773, P. 757.

43. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees' Minutes, 23 Feb. 1775.

44. Ibid., Norton Folgate Pavement Minutes, 10 June 1779.

45. Ibid., 9 Sept. 1779.

46. Ibid., 1 March 1781.

47. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 12 Nov. 1717.

48. The Humble Representation of Stevens Totton, Citizen and Mercer of London, to the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor... and the Common Council of London, June 1 1795. . . Reprinted 1805 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

49. Ibid. Also quoted in M. D. George, London Life in the Eighteenth Century, 1925, p. 352.

50. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees' Minutes, 20 Jan. 1780, 11 Jan. 1781.

51. Ibid., 20 Jan., 10 March 1875.

52. Ibid., 20 Jan., 14 April 1897.

53. Ibid., 24 Oct. 1900.

CHAPTER. II (pp. 21–23)

The Priory of St. Mary Spital

1. William Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum, 1830 ed., vol. vi, part 2, p. 624, quoting an MS. then in the library of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.

2. Ibid., pp. 623, 625.

3. G. Hennessy, Novum Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense, 1898, vol. i, pp. 2, 6.

4. The Builder, 15 Jan. 1910, p. 56.

5. The depth of this plot is given in B.M., Cotton MSS., Nero C. III, ff. 219–23b.

6. Stow, vol. i, p. 31.

7. Johannis Lelandi Antiquarii de Rebus Britannicis Collectanea Ex Autographis Descripsit ediditque Tho. Hearnius, 1715, vol. i, p. 36.

8. Dugdale, op. cit., p. 623.

9. Ibid., p. 625.

10. Cal. Papal Registers, Letters, vol. iv, P. 393, and Seventh Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, Appendix II, P. 292.

11. Registrum Radulphi Baldock . . . et Stephani Grave send, Episcoporum Londoniensium, ed. R. C. Fowler, Canterbury and York Society, 1911, pp. 32–3.

12. Cal. Close Rolls, 1339–41, P. 600.

13. MSS. of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's, press A, box 25a, No. 1708.

14. Stow, vol. i, P. 167.

15. Cal. Papal Registers, Letters, vol. iv, pp. 300, 324, 379, 393.

16. Oxford English Dictionary.

17. Cal. Chancery Warrants, vol. i, p. 103; Cal. Close Rolls, 1307–13, p. 236, and ibid., 1330–3, pp. 159, 396.

18. Cal. Inquisitiones Post Mortem, vol. vi, No. 716, P. 455.

19. Cal. Papal Registers, Letters, vol. iv, p. 393 (10 Kal. May 1391).

20. Collections of a London Citizen, ed. James Gairdner, Camden Society, 1876, p. iv.

21. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. G. S. Fry, 1896, part 1, p. 168 ( British Record Society, vol. 15).

22. London Topographical Record, vol. v, 1908, p. 13.

23. P.R.O., SP1/135, pp. 7–8.

24. B.M., Cotton MSS., Cleopatra E. IV, f. 222.

25. Stow, vol. i, pp. 105, 166.

26. Bodleian MSS., Rawlinson D.809, f. 3b; and see Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. 17, No. 256.

27. P.R.O., E315/213, f. 5.

28. Valor Ecclesiasticus (Record Commission), 1810, vol. i, pp. 401–2.

29. Seventh Report of the Deputy Keeper of the Public Records, Appendix II, p. 292.

30. Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. 14, part 2, No. 433.

31. P.R.O., Req 2/18/137 m. 3.

CHAPTER III (pp. 24–38)

The Precinct of St. Mary Spital: the Old Artillery Ground

1. Counterpart lease in the possession of the Honourable Artillery Company.

2. Stow, vol. i, p. 166.

3. See 31 Henry VIII, c. 13, sec. 5.

4. P.R.O., C66/677 m. 45, enrolment made in 1829 from the writ of Privy Seal of 29 April 1537.

5. G. A. Raikes, The History of the Honourable Artillery Company, vol. i, 1878, preface, p. xxii and p. 31; G. Goold Walker, The Honourable Artillery Company, 1926, p. 15; Journal of The Honourable Artillery Company, Oct.-Nov. 1953, p. 6.

6. P.R.O., SC 6 Henry VIII/2396 m.73.

7. See water-colour in the Bishopsgate Institute.

8. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1549–51, pp. 373–4.

9. P.R.O., SP12/147, No. 95.

10. Ibid., SP12/157, Nos. 41–2.

11. Acts of the Privy Council, 1591–2, p. 74.

12. P.R.O., SP14/70, No. 3.

13. C.R.O., Repertory, vol. 31, part 1, f. 94.

14. Acts of the Privy Council, 1615–16, p. 361.

15. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1611–18, p. 342.

16. P.R.O., C66/1956 m. 2.

17. Acts of the Privy Council, 1615–16, pp. 445–7.

18. Ibid., 1619–21, p. 337.

19. Ibid., 1621–3, p. 186.

20. John Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1720, vol. i, book II, p. 97.

21. P.R.O., PC2/40, p. 484.

22. W. Maitland, A History of London, 1775 ed., vol. ii, book II, p. 799.

23. P.R.O., SP18/184, No. 84.

24. Crown Estate Office, Constat Book B, p. 91.

25. P.R.O., SP14/156, No. 13, f. 37.

26. Ibid., SP14/159, No. 97.

27. Ibid., PC2/40, pp. 463–4.

28. Ibid., PC2/40, p. 512, and SP16/191, No. 57.

29. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1631–3, p. 284.

30. P.R.O., PC2/41, p. 520.

31. Ibid., PC2/44, pp. 72–3.

32. C.R.O., Repertory, vol. 49, f. 329.

33. Ibid., Journal, vol. 40, ff. 1, 2; Letter Book QQ, ff. 1, 2.

34. Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, ed. C. H. Firth and R. S. Rait, vol. ii, p. 191, and Ellis, p. 242*.

35. Raikes, op. cit., vol. i, p. 156, citing the Company's Minute Books, which begin at this period.

36. Ibid., vol. i. pp. 156, 159.

37. Ibid., vol. i, pp. 1 59–60.

38. P.R.O., SP18/184, No. 84.

39. Cal. S.P. Dom., May 1658–June 1659, p. 234.

40. D.N.B. and W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., p. 107.

41. Crown Estate Office, Constat Book B, p. 88 et seq.

42. P.R.O., T51/2, pp. 130–1.

43. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1671, p. 143.

44. P.R.O., SP29/338, Nos. 83–4.

45. Crown Estate Office, Constat Book N P, p. 166.

46. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1668–9, P. 41.

47. Diary of Samuel Pepys, 20 April 1669.

48. P.C.C. 52 Hale.

49. A. W. C. Hallen, Register of St. Botolph Bishops gate, 1895, vol. iii, p. 93.

50. M.L.R., 1709/1/110.

51. G.E.C.

52. Crown Estate Office, Constat Book N P, p. 247.

53. Cal. Treasury Books, 1681–5, p. 1607.

54. P.R.O., T27/6, p. 358.

55. Ibid., PC2/61, pp. 225, 239, 261.

56. Ibid., E503.

57. Bishopsgate Institute, Deeds of Old Artillery Ground, Bundle 10, 21 Sept. 1714.

58. P.R.O., T4/1, p. 500.

59. Ibid., T27/6, p. 368.

60. Ibid., T61/2, p. 114.

61. Ibid., T61/2, p. 117, and T27/6, p. 399.

62. Ibid., C66/3232.

63. Lincolnshire Record Office, Nelthorpe 10/3/5.

64. Journal of the Honourable Artillery Company, Oct.–Nov. 1953, p. 8.

65. Philip Norman, London Signs and Inscriptions, 1897, p. 167.

66. Daniel Defoe, A Tour Thro’ the whole Island of Great Britain, Introd. G. D. H. Cole, vol. i, 1927, p. 329.

67. M.L.R., 1709/2/113.

68. Ibid., 1718/5/97.

69. Ibid., 1721/5/135.

70. Ibid., 1717/5/39; 1725/1/298.

71. Ibid., 1712/3/125–9.

72. Ibid., 1723/6/69 (two memorials in this register are numbered 69; that referred to here occurs between Nos. 67 and 68).

73. Ibid., 1728/3/431.

74. Ibid., 1728/6/393.

75. Ibid., 1712/1/97.

76. P.C.C, 94 Bedford.

77. M.L.R., 1744/3/290.

78. For this and family property on Kensington Church Street said to have belonged in 1724 to Robert Sheffield, see W. J. Loftie, Kensington Picturesque and Historical, 1888, pp. 106–8.

79. Bishopsgate Institute, Deeds of Old Artillery Ground, Bundle 10, 19 July 1684.

80. P.R.O., C5/105/46.

81. Ibid., C5/Z99/53.

82. Bishopsgate Institute, Deeds of Old Artillery Ground, Bundle 10, 10 May 1689.

83. M.L.R., 1709/1/49, 51–2, 55.

84. Ibid., 1711/4/157–8.

85. Ibid., 1744/3/290.

86. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/3.

87. M.L.R., 1731/1/69.

88. Ibid., 1728/6/393.

89. Ibid., 1726/4/140.

90. Ibid., I755/3/375.

91. S.C.L.L.C, Old Artillery Ground Trustees' Minutes, 3 Dec. 1772.

92. P.R.O., C66/3296 m. 13.

93. For example, see warrant for patent appointing John Hill, 21 June 1712, in Cal. Treasury Books, vol. xxvi, part 11, p. 325.

94. 14 Geo. III, c. 30, public.

95. S.C.L.L.C, Old Artillery Ground Workhouse Minutes, 25 May 1814.

96. V. D. Lipman, Local Government Areas 1834–1945 1949. P. 15.

97. Copy in S.C.L.L.C, volume of local pam phlets.

98. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 20 Jan., 14 April 1897.

99. Ibid., Old Artillery Ground Minute Book 1729–1744.

100. O.S. map 1873–5

101. S.C.L.L.C, Old Artillery Ground Minutes, 18 Sept. 1735.

102. Ibid., August 1741.

103. Ibid., 21 Feb. 1733/4.

104. Ibid., 19 May, 21 June 1731.

105. Ibid., Old Artillery Ground Trustees' Minutes, 3 Oct. 1771.

106. Ibid., 1771–80 passim.

107. Ibid., 22, 29 Nov. 1792, 27 Oct. 1813.

108. Ibid., Minute Book 1801–11.

109. Ibid., 2 June 1813, 11 May 1814.

110. Ibid., 6 Dec. 1815.

111. Census of Great Britain 1801, vol. i, p. 207.

112. Census of England and Wales 1881, Population Tables, vol. i, p. 246.

113. R.B.; The Universal Director . . . by Mr. Mor timer, 1763; D.N.B.

114. The Universal Director . . . by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

115. Corporation of London Comptroller's deeds, No. 28 Steward Street.

116. R.B., and see William Tallack, Peter Bedford, Spitalfields Philanthropist, 1865 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

117. Registres des Quatre Eglises ... de Pearl Street et de Crispin Street, ed. W. and S. Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xxxii, 1929, p. xix; and Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, 1909, p. 30.

118. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, 1909, pp. 28–9.

119. J. S. Burn, The History of the French . . . Protes tant Refugees settled in England . . ., 1846, P. 159.

120. Register of the Church of the Artillery, Spitalfields, 1691–1786, ed. S. Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xlii, 1948, pp. xi, xiii.

121. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., P137.

122. Ibid., and D.N.B.

123. Whitley, op. cit., p. 136.

124. L.C.C.R.O., Beek's map of the Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers District.

125. The Congregational Magazine, 1838, p. 832.

126. Centenary Souvenir Brochure, 1954.

127. Plans in possession of the synagogue.

128. Shoreditch Public Library, Two Affidavits Shewing Abuses put upon English Weavers in extra-illustrated copy of Ellis's History of Shoreditch, vol. i, between pp. 106–7.

129. M.L.R. 1729/2/295.

130. A complete Guide to all Persons who have any Trade or Concern in the City of London…, 1749 (4th ed.), pp. 87–8, and 1757 (7th ed.), pp. 87–8.

131. Whitley, op. cit., pp. 126–7.

132. A Complete Guide, etc., 1740 (2nd ed.), p. 90, and 1757 (7th ed.), p. 87.

133. A History of Bishopsgate Chapel, 1662–1927 (pamphlet in the possession of the Rev. C. E. Surman of the Congregational Historical Society) and A Sermon Preached at Artillery Lane, Feb. 25,1749/50, etc. (copy in Bishops gate Institute).

134. R.B.

135. A Sermon preached Oct. 26 1760 by John Richardson, etc. (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

136. Thompson's list, in Transactions of the Congrega tional Historical Society, vol. v, 1911–12, pp. 265–9.

137. Protestant Dissenters’ Almanac, 1810, pp. 49–55.

138. Whitley, op. cit., p. 144.

139. Ibid., p. 160.

140. The Congregational Magazine, 1838, p. 832.

141. Whitley, op. cit., p. 159.

142. P.O.D.

143. Whitley, op. cit., pp. 148–9, 159.

144. Deeds in the possession of the Fruit and Produce Exchange.

145. Whitley, op. cit., p. 181.

146. Ibid., pp. 188–9.

147. Ibid., p. 107.

CHAPTER IV (pp. 39–51)

The Precinct of St. Mary Spital: the Priory Site

1. D.N.B.

2. P.R.O., C66/719111. 16.

3. Ibid., loc. cit., and SC6 Henry VIII/2396 m. 73 and E303/London 28.

4. ibid., e315/213, f.5.

5. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. S. J. Madge, 1901, part 11, p. 155 ( British Record Society, vol. 26).

6. P.R.O., C66/691 m. 9.

7. Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. 16, No. 780(5).

8. P.R.O., C66/699 m. 32.

9. B.M., Add. Ch. 46149.

10. P.R.O., C66/696 m. 39.

11. For other properties in London granted to him by the King, see P.R.O., C66/768 m. 25, and Cal. L. and P. Henry VIII, vol. 20, part 1, No. 1194, and part 11, No. 111.

12. P.R.O., Req 2/18/137.

13. See 31 Henry VIII, c. 13, sec. 5.

14. P.R.O., Req 2/15/87.

15. P.C.C. 5 Coode.

16. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. G. S. Fry, 1896, part 1, pp. 85–7 ( British Record Society, vol. 15).

17. P.C.C. 19 Hayes.

18. P.R.O., C142/573, No. 59, and Wards 5/27.

19. Ibid., C142/706, No. 36.

20. Bishopsgate Institute, Bishopsgate Deeds, Bundle 1, No. 7.

21. P.C.C. 199 Young.

22. For Sambrook's interest in the estate 1711–16, see M.L.R. 1716/4/65–7.

23. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minute Book, 17 Oct. 1693.

24. M.L.R. 1716/4/65–7.

25. See Ministers' Accounts, P.R.O., SC6 Henry VIII/2396.

26. M.L.R. 1745/3/333.

27. Survey of London, vol. viii, 1922, pp. 5–6.

28. P.R.O., E303/London 28.

29. Ibid., C66/691 m. 9, and SC6 Henry VIII/2396 m. 74.

30. Rev. George Rigg, A Brief History of St. Mary's Spital Square, N.D., and L.C.C. Architect's file HB57, letter from Rev. J. H. Scott. Ack nowledgement is made of the help received from the thesis of Miss Marjorie B. Honey bourne on ’The extent and value of the property in London and Southwark occupied by the religious houses… before the dissolu tion of the monasteries’' (M.A. London 1930), which has, by permission, been consulted for the extent and lay-out of the priory precinct.

31. P.R.O., C66/719 m. 16, and SC6 Henry VIII/2396 m. 73.

32. Bodleian MS. Charters, Middlesex 59.

33. Stow, vol. i, pp. 167–8, and V.C.H. London, vol. i, p. 532.

34. Collections of a London Citizen, ed. James Gaird ner, Camden Society, 1876, p. 98.

35. Stow, vol. i, p. 168.

36. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 2 April 1662 and 13 April 1669.

37. E. H. Pearce, Annals of Christ's Hospital, 1901, p. 223.

38. Stow, vol. i, pp. no, 167–8.

39. B.M., Cotton MSS., Vitellius F.V. f. 17 (diary of Henry Machyn).

40. Ellis, p. 313; and see A. W. Clapham in St. Paul's Ecclesiological Society Transactions, vol. vii, 1911–16, p. 160.

41. P.R.O., SC6 Henry VIII/2396 m. 74.

42. Stow, vol. ii, p. 74.

43. P.R.O., SP29/382 No. 126.

44. Guildhall Library, Middlesex collection of maps and prints, Norton Folgate section, plan 11.

45. Valor Ecclesiasiicus (Record Commission), 1810, vol. i, pp. 401‐2.

46. P.R.O., C66/696 mm. 39, 46.

47. Ibid., C66/822 m. 16.

48. Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. G. S. Fry, 1896, part 1, p. 171 ( British Record Society, vol. 15).

49. Ibid., ed. S. J. Madge, 1901, part 11, pp. 173–4 ( British Record Society, vol. 26).

50. See for this and following, Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 295, 300–6.

51. B.M., Add. Ch. 46150.

52. P.R.O., C2/Elizabeth B22/35.

53. Endowed Charities, London, vol. v, 1903, p. 642.

54. P.C.C. 96 Carr.

55. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 301–302.

56. L.P.L., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box 1, No. 8.

57. Guildhall Library, Middlesex collection of maps and prints, Norton Folgate section, plan 9.

58. P.R.O., SC6 Henry VIII/2396 mm. 73–4.

59. P.C.C. 5 Coode. In the copy of the will at Somerset House the property is described as the ’Backhouse’ but this is evidently a clerical error as it is given as the ’bryckehouse’ in the recital of the will in the inquisition post mortem on Vaughan's property. See Abstracts of Inquisitiones Post Mortem for the City of London, ed. G. S. Fry, 1896, part 1, p. 86 ( British Record Society, vol. 15).

60. Ellis, p. 306; Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 295, 300–6.

61. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 300, 302, and vol. v, 1903, pp. 642–3.

62. Cal. S.P. Dom. Addenda 1566–79, p. 550.

63. Bodleian MS. Charters, Middlesex 60.

64. Ibid., Middlesex 61.

65. Bodleian MSS., Tanner 98 ff. 80–1.

66. Ibid., passim,

67. A. W. C. Hallen, The Register of St. Botolph Bishopsgate, vol. i, 1889, p. 375.

68. Bodleian MSS., Tanner 69 f. 72.

69. John Gerard, The Autobiography of an Eliza bethan, translated from the Latin by P. Cara man, 1951, pp. 137. 156.

70. Ellis, p. 327.

71. Laurence Stone, An Elizabethan: Sir Horatio Palavicino, 1956, pp. 268–9.

72. P.C.C. 1 oz Lawe.

73. Hallen, op. cit., p. 440.

74. Cal. S.P. Dom. Addenda 1625–4.9, p. 314.

75. P.R.O., C142/706 No. 36.

76. Stow, vol. i, p. 167.

77. Journal of the Rev. John Wesley, ed. Nehemiah Curnock, 1909, vol. ii, p. 268 note.

CHAPTER V (pp. 52–95)

The St. John-Tillard Estate

1. House of Lords Papers, 25 Feb.–8 March 1672/3, No. 97a, and Minutes of Committees 13 Feb. 1672/3–19 Nov. 1685, p. 31.

2. L.P.L., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box 1, No. (2).

3. M.L.R. 1716/4/65–7.

4. Johannis Lelandi Antiquarii De Rebus Britan nicis Collectanea Ex Autographis Descripsit ediditque Tho. Hearnius, 1715, vol. i, p. lxxviii.

5. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 94.

6. W. A. Shaw, The Knights of England, 1906, vol. ii.

7. A. Boyer, The Political State of Great Britain, vol. xxxi, p. 55.

8. P.C.C. no Plymouth.

9. Ibid., 127 Seymer.

10. M.L.R. 1745/3/388; 1769/4/473.

11. Ibid., 1785/5/29; L.C.C.R.O., E/EV/32.

12. Ibid., 1813/8/187.

13. Deeds of Captain A. G. Tillard Trust; Sale Particulars in Bishopsgate Institute.

14. M.L.R. 1741/1/98.

15. Survey of London, vol. viii, 1922, p. 99.

16. M.C.R.O., M.L.R. memorial 1735/1/12.

17. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1712, p. 192; Keate estate deeds of Tylee and Co.

18. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Minute Book 1729–1790.

19. L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411.

20. R. Seymour, Survey of London, 1733, vol. i, p. 359.

21. Serious Advice to the Silk Manufacturers, 1751.

22. The Times, 2 April 1828.

23. Tallis, London Street Views, N.D. ( c. 1838–9).

24. London, ed. C. Knight, 1842, vol. ii, p. 387.

25. P.R.O., Works 7/276/9.

26. M.L.R. 1734/3/300.

27. R.B. and L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411.

28. R.B.

29. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Pavement Minutes, Aug. 1781, 14 Feb. 1782.

30. Ibid., 25 Sept. 1781.

31. Ibid., 22 Oct. 1789, 28 Jan., n Feb. 1790.

32. Ibid., 26 July, 25 Oct. 1821; L.C.C. Architect's H.B. register, 1909.

33. Deeds of Messrs. Sadler and Moore, and of the Co–operative Wholesale Society.

34. Corporation of London Central Markets Com mittee Minutes, 25 June 1929, 27 July, 6 Oct. 1931; B.A. 48266.

35. Deeds of Messrs. Sadler and Moore.

36. Deeds of Central Foundation Schools of London.

37. Corporation of London, Comptroller's Deeds 934/1

38. 18 Geo. III, c. 77, public.

39. S.C.L.L.C., Norton Folgate Pavement Minutes, 8 and 22 July 1779.

40. Guildhall Library, MS. 2087.

41. Corporation of London, Comptroller's Deeds 877/10, 929/56, 58,931/2,933/8, 934/1, 9, 936/22.

42. T.P. 20889.

43. Ibid., 62604.

44. M.L.R. 1773/3/160—2; L.C.C. Members' Library file 411.

45. The Universal Directorby Mr. Mortimer; L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411.

46. D.N.B.

47. M.L.R. 1810/6/738.

48. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 14 April 1813.

49. M.L.R. 1745/1/91: L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411.

50. L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411; D.N.B.

51. M.L.R. 1719/4/316.

52. Ibid., 1884/38/194.

53. Miscellanies of the Jewish Historical Society of England, part iii, 1937, p. 6 and note 11.

54. M.L.R. 1725/1/295–6.

55. Ibid., 1725/5/340.

56. Ibid., 1726/4/324.

57. L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411; A Complete Guide to London.

58. See Colvin.

59. R.B.; Holden's Triennial Directory, 1802–4.

60. L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411; T. Lowndes, The London Directory for 1782; Kent's Directory, 1813.

61. L.P.L., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (8).

62. M.L.R. 1734/1/294.

63. Ibid., 1745/1/91.

64. The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745.

65. The Universal Director . . . by Mr. Mortimer.

66. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 30 Nov. 1775.

67. Kent's Directory, 1780–6; London Directory, 1778 and 1790; Universal British Directory, 1791.

68. Holden's Directory, 1805–7; Kent's Directory, 1813 and 1818.

69. P.O.D. and Pigot's Directory.

70. L.C.C. Members’ Library file 411; P.O.D.

71. P.O.D.

72. O.S. map 1873–5.

73. M.L.R. 1734/1/117–19, 227–9 294.

74. Ibid., 1734/3/300.

75. Ibid., 1734/1/294; 1735/4/174.

76. Ibid., 1735/1/412.

77. Ibid., 1745/3/159.

78. Ibid., 1734/1/422.

79. Ibid., 1736/5/183.

80. Ibid., 1734/1/218.

81. Ibid., 1734/4/287.

82. Ibid., 1736/2/237.

83. Ibid., 1736/4/573.

84. Ibid., 1739/1/93.

85. Baldwin's New Complete Guide, 1770.

86. A Complete Guide to London.

87. Corporation of London Central Markets Com mittee Minutes, 4 May 1927, 1 June 1928, 3 May, 12 June 1933.

88. M.L.R. 1741/1/98; 1763/4/396.

89. Ibid., 1741/1/98, 275–6.

90. Ibid., 1763/4/396.

91. Parish Magazine of St. Mary's, Spital Square, July 1892 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute); P.O.D.

92. Parish Magazine, loc. cit.; L.C.C. Architect's file, H.B. 57.

93. Corporation of London Central Markets Com mittee Minutes, 14 Feb. 1922.

94. M.L.R. 1742/3/103.

95. T. Lowndes, The London Directory for 1782.

96. L.C.C. Members' Library file 411; Robson's Directory.

97. P.R.O., E179/2 53/30.

98. Ibid., E 179/143/370.

99. M.L.R. 1713/6/146.

100. Ibid., 1742/3/103.

101. L.C.C. Members' Library file 411; Baldwin's New Complete Guide, 1770.

102. London Directory, 1778; R.B.

103. Robson's Directory; P.O.D.

104. Endowed Charities, London, vol. v, 1903, p. 641; Central Foundation Girls' School Bicentenary Magazine, 1726–1926.

105. Endowed Charities, London, vol. iii, 1900, pp. 646–51.

106. Bicentenary Magazine (see 104 above).

107. Endowed Charities, London, vol. iii, 1900, pp. 652–7.

108. Ibid., p. 666.

109. Notice of opening ceremony.

110. B.A. 15618.

111. Bicentenary Magazine; deeds of Central Foun dation Schools of London.

112. The Builder, 15 Jan. 1910.

113. Corporation of London Central Markets Com mittee Minutes, 25 June 1929; B.A. 48266.

114. A Complete Guide to London; R.B.

115. Bishopsgate Institute MS. L. 22. 5b.

116. P.R.O., C78/1767(6).

117. R. Blome, Britannia, 1673, p. 401.

118. M.L.R. 1728/2/11.

119. Ibid., 1810/6/738.

120. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. x, 1913, pp. 321–5; R.B.

121. M.L.R. 1725/1/295–6.

122. Ibid., 1813/3/191; R.B.

123. Ibid., 1738/4/149.

124. H. M. Colvin, Fifty New Churches, in The Architectural Review, March 1950, p. 196.

125. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 24 Aug. 1716.

126. Records of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, vol. i, 1913, p. 126.

127. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes.

128. Guildhall Library, MS. 2087.

129. S.C.L.L.C., Norton Folgate Minutes, April 1745.

130. Ellis, pp. 342–3.

131. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, p. 1.

132. Ibid., vol. v, 1903, p. 725.

133. Ibid., vol. i, 1897, pp. 16–17.

134. M.L.R. 1741/4/105.

135. Ibid., 1750/3/295.

136. Ibid., 1757/4/398.

137. Ibid., 1750/3/700.

138. Ibid.,, 1725/4/126, 128.

139. Ibid., 172 5/5/339.

140. Ibid., 1726/4/326, 330.

141. R.B.; Kent's Directory, 1813; P.O.D.

142. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 4 June 1873.

143. M.L.R. 1728/3/178–9.

144. Ibid., 1734/2/243.

145. Ibid.,, 1733/4/335.

146. Ibid., 1734/2/243, I738/5/1.

147. L.C.C.R.O., E/EV/32.

148. M.L.R. 1733/4/188.

149. Ibid., 1727/5/404.

150. Ibid., 1736/5/151; 1737/1/125.

151. Ibid., 1740/4/2/753.

152. Ibid., 1742/4/385.

153. Ibid., I756/3/396.

154. P.R.O., Works 7/26 J/7.

155. M.L.R. 1724/5/67.

156. Ibid., 1724/5/67; 1724/3/177.

157. Ibid., 1722/5/364.

158. The Universal Director… by Mr. Mortimer; R.B.

159. M.L.R. 1724/1/467.

160. Ibid., 1725/2/52–3.

161. Ibid., 1725/4/126.

162. Ibid., 1725/2/53; 1724/1/467.

163. Ibid., 1725/4/128; 1725/5/339.

164. Ibid., 1726/4/325; 1726/4/327–9; 1731/2/60; 1736/1/29.

165. P.O.D.; R.B.

166. M.L.R. 1726/2/212.

167. Ibid., 1725/5/463.

168. Ibid., 1725/5/464; 1727/5/404.

169. Ibid., 1727/2/132.

170. Ibid., 1727/2/133.

171. Ibid.,, 1741/2/341; 1727/3/417.

172. Ibid., 1745/1/91; The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745; The Universal Director . . . by Mr. Mortimer.

173. M.L.R. I735/5/531.

174. Ibid., 1728/3/179.

175. Ibid., 1728/3/178.

176. Ibid., 1732/4/224.

177. Ibid., 1732/1/249.

178. Ibid., 1724/5/67; 1726/6/55.

179. Ibid., 1726/6/57.

180. Ibid., 1741/4/105.

181. Ibid., 1750/3/295.

182. Ibid., 1769/4/473.

183. Deeds in private possession.

184. M.L.R. 1785/5/29.

185. Ellis, p. 342.

186. EndowedCharities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 299–300.

187. M.L.R. 1724/5/67.

188. Ibid., 1724/3/177.

189. Ibid., 1731/2/317.

190. Ibid., 1730/2/60.

191. Ibid., 1761/1/129, 139, 142–5.

192. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 23 Feb. 1775.

193. M.L.R. 1725/2/509.

194. Ibid., 1810/6/738.

195. P.R.O., Works 7/25F/3.

196. M.L.R. 1735/1/11.

197. P.R.O., Works 7/27C/9; Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, p. 302.

198. Ellis, p. 344.

199. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 6 April 1847.

200. The Builder, 1861, p. 131.

201. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Minutes, July 1732.

202. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 295, 300–6.

203. P.R.O., Works 7/27C/9.

204. 50 Geo. III, c. 5, local and personal; Endowed Charities, London, loc. cit.

205. 9 and 10 Vict., c. 34, public.

206. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Minutes, 6 Feb. 1743/4.

207. Ellis, pp. 343–4.

208. 50 Geo. III, c. 5, local and personal.

209. S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees’ Minutes, 14 April 1813.

210. Ibid., 9 May, 6 June 1820; 25 Jan., 3 Feb., 28 March 1837.

211. Guildhall Library, MS. 4655/12, 12 March 1728/9 (Weavers’ Company Court Book).

212. Ibid., 19 Sept., 9 Oct., 1 Dec. 1729.

213. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, p. 297.

214. P.R.O., Works 7/25F/5.

215. L.P.L., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (1).

216. Ibid., Minute Book I, 26 Oct. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

217. Ibid., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (2).

218. Ibid., Minute Book I, 20 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

219. Ibid., 11 Dec. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

220. Ibid., 18 Dec. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

221. Ellis, pp. 306–7.

222. L.P.L., Committee Minute Book, 26 Aug. 1712.

223. Ibid., 7 Nov. 1712.

224. Ibid., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (5).

225. Ibid., Minute Book I, 16 March 1712/13.

226. Ibid., 27 June 1716.

227. Ibid., 4 Jan. 1716/17.

228. Ibid., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (6).

229. Ibid., Minute Book I, 31 May 1717.

230. Ibid., Papers, St. Botolph Bishopsgate, box I, No. (8).

CHAPTER VI (pp. 96–99)

The Wheler Estate

1. See O.E.D. sub ‘Hope’, and Ellis, pp. 104–5. But see English Piace-Name Society, vol. xviii, The Place-Names of Middlesex, 1942, pp. 152–3.

2. P.R.O., C3/462/61.

3. B.M., Add. Ch. 209.

4. Ibid., 210.

5. P.R.O., SC2/191/63.

6. Bishopsgate Institute, Deeds of St. Mary Spital, Bundle 7.

7. Stow, vol. i, p. 168.

8. W. Robinson, The History and Antiquities of. . . Hackney, 1842, vol. i, p. 332.

9. Ibid., p. 341.

10. Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1560-–3, p. 372.

11. P.R.O., Requests 2/58/29.

12. Ibid., C2 Eliz. B.22/35; C3/229/102; Requests 2/56/57.

13. Ibid., C2 Eliz. H. 9/28.

14. V.C.H. Buckinghamshire, vol. iii, p. 252.

15. Market deeds, 19 March 1648/9.

16. V.C.H., loc. cit.; P.R.O., C5/64/75.

17. Autobiography of Sir George Wheler, ed. E. G. Wheler, 1911, Appendix I.

18. M.C.R.O., Ace. 240, deed of 23 Oct. 1719.

19. P.C.C. 69 Fairfax.

20. L.C.C.R.O., MSS. of Lee and Pemberton, Sur vey of Stepney Manor, 1652, f. 37 et seq.

21. Autobiography, p. 6.

22. Ibid., Appendix I, II, and his will P.C.C. 96 Carr.

23. P.R.O., C66/2926 No. 7.

24. The Diary of Samuel Pepys, 16,17 Feb., 7 March 1662/3.

25. Autobiography, p. 7.

26. P.C.C. 96 Carr.

27. Autobiography, pp. 8, 16, 20–1.

28. M.L.R. 1735/5/305.

29. Ibid., 1718/6/69.

30. Ibid., 1735/4/351.

31. M.C.R.O., Ace. 311 No. 99.

32. M.L.R. 1722/4/267–9.

33. Ibid., 1719/4/347–8.

34. Ibid., 1733/4/188.

35. Ibid., 1721/1/252.

36. B.M., Add. Ch. 4790.

37. Ibid., and M.L.R. 1724/3/478; 1733/3/373; 1735/2/379.

38. M.L.R. 1743/1/149–50.

39. Ibid., 1716/6/7; 1724/5/176; 1730/6/132.

40. P.R.O., PC2/63, p. 4; The Wren Society, vol. xviii, p. 30.

41. Ogilby and Morgan's map of 1677.

42. Recited in ’Abstract of Mr. JefFeries Title to a Leasehold Estate in Spittle Fields’ in MSS. of Truman, Han bury, Buxton and Co.; and see M.L.R. 1719/1/264.

43. P.C.C. 68 Duke.

44. M.L.R. 1720/2/147; 1729/3/57; 1729/6/139; 1732/5/107; 1735/4/297.

45. Ibid., 1734/2/208; P.R.O., C5/458/54.

46. Ibid., 1731/5/430.

47. Ibid., 1733/3/145.

48. Ibid., 1735/3/408; 1736/3/469.

CHAPTER VII (pp. 100–107)

The Estate of the Whelers of Charing and Otterden

1. Rev. Thomas Rackett, A Description of Otterden Place and Church … accompanied by Genealogical Memoirs of the Family of Wheler … Extracted from the Gentleman's Magazine, 1832; D.N.B. sub Sir George Wheler.

2. M.L.R. 1740/4/1/438; 1743/2/46; 1750/3/ 723.

3. Ibid., 1753/1/361; 1743/4/147; 1743/2/45.

4. Ibid., 1736/3/469.

5. British Railways (Eastern Region), Great Eastern Railway deeds at Marylebone Station, S2/44I

6. MS. of Mr. G. H. H. Wheler.

7. British Railways etc., S2/68.

8. Ibid., S2/83–5.

9. Autobiography of Sir George Wheler, ed. E. G. Wheler, 1911, pp. 5–6; D.N.B.

10. The Diary of John Evelyn, ed. E. S. de Beer, 1955, vol. iv, p. 358.

11. D.N.B.

12. A Memoir of Sir George Wheler, N.D. (B.M. 4902 f. 26).

13. The Diary of John Evelyn etc., vol. iv, p. 528.

14. S.C.L.L.C., Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 24 June 1690.

15. A True Narrative of the Case of Sir George Wheler, etc. (pamphlet inserted between pp. 344–5 of the extra-illustrated copy of Ellis's History of Shoreditch in Shoreditch Public Library).

16. The Case of the Inhabitants of the Hamlet of Spittle-fields etc. (pamphlet in Shoreditch Public Library, see 15 above).

17. H. M. Colvin, Fifty New Churches, in The Architectural Review, March 1950, p. 196.

18. M.L.R. 1738/4/149.

19. The Case of the Inhabitants, etc., and MS. of Mr. G. H. H. Wheler.

20. A True Narrative etc., and MS. of Mr. G. H. H. Wheler.

21. The Case of the Inhabitants etc.; MS. of Mr. G. H. H. Wheler; A Vindication of the Case of Spittlefields etc. (pamphlet in Bishopsgate Institute).

22. The Case of the Inhabitants etc., and A Vindication etc.

23. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 16 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

24. James Paterson, Pietas Londinensis, 1714, pp. 269–70.

25. C.J., vol. xxi, p. 221.

26. Reasons Humbly Offer'd for Passing the Bill for Uniting the Moieties or Portions of the Rectory of Stepney etc. (B.M. 816.m.9.99).

27. Corporation of London Comptroller's deeds, 929/31 (will of Sir George Wheler).

28. Rev. George Rigg, A Brief History of St. Mary's, Spital Square, N.D., pp. 12–13 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

29. Robert Seymour, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, 1734, vol. ii, p. 729.

30. M.L.R. 1732/2/261.

31. Journal of John Wesley, ed. N. Curnock, 1903, p. 64.

32. Inscribed stone now in Christ Church.

33. Ellis, pp. 344–5.

34. Parish Magazine of St. Mary's, Spital Square, May 1891 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

35. Rigg, op. cit., pp. 14–19.

36. Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, N.S. vol. ii, 1913, p. 469.

37. First Report of the Spitalfields Benevolent Society, 1812 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

38. Parish Magazine etc., Dec. 1893.

39. Ibid., May 1892.

40. M.L.R. 1842/4/268.

41. Rigg, op. cit., pp. 14–20; Parish Magazine etc., May 1892.

42. R.I.B.A. Library, drawings.

43. Parish Magazine etc., Dec. 1890.

44. G. Hennessy, Novum Repertorium Ecclesiasticum Parochiale Londinense, 1898, p. 402.

45. Corporation of London Comptroller's deeds, 929/31.

46. C.C., File 6362.

47. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 3rd series, No. 2, 1902, pp. 13–15.

48. Parish Magazine etc., press cutting inserted in Bishopsgate Institute copy.

49. Rigg, op. cit., p. 20.

50. C.C., File 28529.

51. Deeds in possession of Messrs. Walters and Hart.

52. M.B.O., Approvals of Third Class Buildings, vol. 30, pp. 333–43.

53. Parish Magazine etc., June 1892.

54. Transactions of the London and Middlesex Archaeological Society, N.S., vol. ii, p. 474.

55. Parish Magazine etc., July 1910.

56. This account is based on W. Beck and T. F. Ball, The London Friends’ Meetings, 1869, pp. 162–166.

57. MS. map in possession of Messrs. Walters and Hart.

58. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. i, 1887, p. 100; vol. viii, 1909, p. 49.

59. Register of the Church of Wheler Street etc., ed. Susan Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xlv, 1956, pp. v and 1 in Wheler Street section.

60. Ibid., and J. S. Burn, The History of the French … Protestant Refugees Settled in England, 1846, p. 176.

61. R.B.

62. The Builder, 9 Nov. 1872, p. 891.

63. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 26 May 1871.

64. Quaker Street 1849–1949; The Bedford Institute Association Centenary Report.

65. The Building News, 14 April 1865, pp. 260–1; P.R.O., C54/16558.

66. A. T. Alexander, Fifty Tears of the Bedford Institute, 1865–1915), N.D., p. 10; Quaker Street, etc.

67. The Building News, loc. cit.

68. Alexander, op.cit., pp. 9–10; P.R.O., C54/16558.

69. Ibid., pp. 12, 32.

70. Information supplied by the Bedford Institute Association.

71. Alexander, op. cit., facing p. 36.

72. M.L.R. 1735/4/174.

73. Ibid., 1735/4/227.

74. Ibid., 1735/5/291–2; 1736/1/77.

CHAPTER VIII (pp. 108–115)

The Estate of Sir Charles Wheler and the Wilkes family

1. P.R.O., C66/2926 No. 7.

2. P.C.C. 96 Carr.

3. Autobiography of Sir George Wheler, ed. E. G. Wheler, 1911, p. 19.

4. Copy of deed poll by Sir Charles Wheler, 29 June 1683, in Bishopsgate Institute (L.26.24).

5. P.R.O., C66/3170 m. 14 No. 29; The Wren Society, vol. xviii, pp. 40–1.

6. M.C.R.O., Acc. 240, deed of 1 March 1714/15.

7. Ibid., and P.R.O., C78/1385 No. 15.

8. M.C.R.O.,Acc. 240, deeds of 4–5 Feb., 1 March I7I4/15.

9. M.L.R. 1714/4/171–3.

10. Ibid., 1718/1/291–2.

11. Ibid., 1719/4/347–8; 1722/4/267–9; 1723/1/ 212–13; 1740/3/109–10; M.C.R.O., Acc. 240, deed of 23 Oct. 1719.

12. Registres des Quatre Eglises ... de Pearl Street... etc., ed. W. and S. Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xxxii, 1929, pp. xix, xxi.

13. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, 1909, p. 46.

14. M.C.R.O., Ace. 240, deeds of 30–31 Dec. 1834.

15. Ibid.,, deeds of 18 June 1792, 6 April 1793.

16. R.B.; Kent's Directory,, 1793.

17. M.L.R. 1787/1/249.

18. Ibid., 1809/4/5 51.

19. R.B.

20. M.C.R.O., Acc. 240, deeds of 30–31 Dec. 1834; Kent's Directory,, 1813.

21. S.C.L.L.C., Vestry Minutes, 22 Nov. 1752.

22. M.L.R. 1753/1/443

23. Ibid., 1757/4/468.

24. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.115, probate copy of will.

25. M.L.R. 1761/1/387; 1761/4/268.

26. British Railways (Eastern Region), Great Eastern Railway deeds at Marylebone Station, S2/98BA.

27. Ibid., S2/86A.

28. M.C.R.O., Register of Building Affidavits, March 1772.

29. Ibid., May 1777, Nov. 1781.

30. British Railways deeds etc., 82/99FG.

31. Ibid., S2/86, 98–9.

32. Ibid., S2/100.

33. Ibid., S2/96.

34. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. ii, 1889, pp. 479–81; vol. iii, 1892, pp. 574–6; vol. v, 1898, pp. 298–9.

35. P.R.O., SP44/53, p. 204.

36. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, pp. 30–4.

37. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.115, deed of 19 May 1831.

38. W. Maitland, The History of London,, 1739, p. 665.

39. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xvi, pp. 13–14.

40. Maitland, op. cit., p. 639.

41. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. iii, 1892, pp. 574–7.

42. Journal of John Wesley, ed. N. Curnock, 1903, p. 271.

43. Ibid., p. 299.

44. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 15 Nov. 1752.

45. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.115, deeds of 6 July 1885, 11 March 1895.

46. East London Antiquities, ed. Walter A. Locks, 1902, p. 11.

47. L.C.C.R.O., Harben Bequest deed D.76.

48. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., p. 123.

49. Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Inquire into the State of Registers . . . of Births or Baptisms etc., 1838, p. 40.

50. Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society, vol. vi, pp. 126–34.

51. The Congregational Magazine, 1838, p. 832; The Congregational Tear Book, 1892, pp. 201–202.

52. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 55.115, deeds of 31 Aug. 1853, 1 Aug. 1903.

53. Ibid., valuation 30 June 1897.

54. Ibid., deeds of 20 Aug., 1 Oct. 1873.

55. Ibid., deed of 31 Oct. 1894; letter of 15 July 1898.

56. Ibid., letter of 10 Sept. 1897.

57. British Railways deeds, etc. (see 26 above), Misc. M.279.

58. Ibid., Misc. M.285.

CHAPTER IX (pp. 116–122)

Truman, Hanbury, Buxton and Company's Black Eagle Brewery, Brick Lane

1. St. Dunstan's Stepney, Register of Christenings 1682–98.

2. T.H.B., Epitome of Deeds, 10 Sept. 1720.

3. M.L.R. 1720/1/232.

4. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 9, 11 April 1694.

5. Ibid., passim.

6. M.L.R. 1726/6/380.

7. Ogilby and Morgan's map.

8. P.R.O., C66/3170 m. 14 No. 29.

9. Reproduced on Plate XXI in The East End of London, 1951, by Millicent Rose.

10. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 55.115, deed of 19 May 1831.

11. M.L.R. 1719/4/174.

12. P.C.C. 71 Shaller.

13. M.L.R. 1720/1/232–3.

14. Ibid., 1720/2/357.

15. M.C.R.O., Presentments of Surveyors of Streets 1729–31 f. 22.

16. T.H.B., Notes on History and Structure of the Company.

17. R.B.

18. M.L.R. 1743/1/151.

19. Ibid., 1749/2/320–1.

20. P.C.C. 221 Collins.

21. T.H.B., Epitome of Deeds, 21 May 1751.

22. M.C.R.O., Registers of Building Affidavits, 23 Dec. 1805; R.B.; Horwood's map of 1799.

23. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 16 Oct. 1834, 9 April 1835.

24. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.115, deeds of 19–20 May 1813.

25. Horwood's map of 1819, and Greenwood's map of 1824–6.

26. S.C.L.L.C., Vestry Minutes, n April, 6 June 1850.

27. L.C.C.R.O.,Acc. 5 5.115, deed of 16 Nov. 1842.

28. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 8, 14 Oct. 1858; R.B.

29. See 9 and 10 Vict., c. 258, and ro and 11 Vict., c. 147, local and personal.

30. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.115, deed of 30 June 1904.

31. B.A. 37358.

CHAPTER X (pp. 123–126)

Brick Lane

1. William Robinson, The History and Antiquities of... Hackney, 1842, vol. i, p. 341.

2. P.R.O.,C5/596/33.

3. M.L.R. I732/2/393.

4. MSS. of Truman, Hanbury and Buxton, ’Abstract of Mr. Jefferies Title to a Leasehold Estate in Spittle-Fields’.

5. P.R.O., PC2/63, pp. 26–7, and see The Wren Society, vol. xviii, 1941, pp. 17–18.

6. The Wren Society, loc. cit.

7. Ibid., p. 25.

8. P.R.O., C66/3125 m. 26 No. 18.

9. The Wren Society, vol. xviii, p. 13 and Plate 111.

10. P.R.O., EI79/H3/37O.

11. M.L.R. 1709/2/109; 1720/1/334; 1722/6/ 107;1723/6/262;1727/6/161;1728/3/18; 1728/6/65; 1730/6/60.

12. Ibid., 1719/6/303.

13. Cal.S.P. Dom. 1683, Jan.-June, pp. 103–4, and Ibid ., July-Sept., p. 30.

14. P.R.O.,C5/113/35.

15. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 28 Feb. 1769.

16. 11 Geo. III, c. 15, public.

17. 12 Geo. III, c. 38, public.

18. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 18 Feb. 1778.

19. 18 Geo. III, c. 80, public.

20. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, 22 Oct. 1903, applica tion to Board of Education.

21. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, pp. 189–93.

22. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 56.82, 4 May 1782, faculty.

23. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 11 April 1782.

24. Ibid., 26 June 1782.

25. Ibid., 4 July 1782.

26. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 56.82, 20 April 1852, copy of affidavit of Thomas Brushfield.

27. J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, N.D., pp. 28–33.

28. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, 27 May 1819, copy of lease.

29. Ibid., 1869, application to the Charity Com missioners.

30. P.R.O., Works 7/29 G/1.

31. Ibid., Works 6/142/3 No. 2.

32. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 116–117.

33. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, 11 July 1869, faculty.

34. Ibid., bills, receipts etc.

35. Ibid., ’Minutes of the Committee of the Society for supplying the Poor with a good and nutri-trious Meat Soup instituted in Spitalfields’.

36. Scott, op. cit., pp. 38–42.

37. Thomas Bernard, Extract from an account of a Charity in Spitalfields, for supplying the poor with soup and potatoes, 1798 (copy in Bishops gate Institute).

38. Report of the Committee of the Spitalfields Soup Society for 1811–12 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

39. The Report of the Spitalfields Association, 1816 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

CHAPTER XI (pp. 127–147)

Spitalfields Market Area

1. Market deeds, 19 March 1648/9.

2. P.R.O., C66/3150 m. 25 No. 5.

3. Market deeds, 12–13 June 1693.

4. P.R.O., PC2/63, p. 265.

5. Ibid, p. 301; The Wren Society, vol. xviii, pp. 34–5.

6. P.R.O., C66/3142m. 27.

7. M.L.R. 1719/4/228;1721/4/12;1727/1/100; 1740/1/268. See also The Wren Society, vol. xviii, p. 45.

8. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2.

9. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, 30 April–1 May 1675.

10. M.L.R. 1723/1/427.

11. Market deeds, 10 May 1682, and will of John Balch, 12 Oct. 1682.

12. Ibid., will of John Balch.

13. P.R.O., C66/3230N0. 3.

14. Market deeds, 30 March 1679.

15. Ibid., 8, 10, 30 May 1682.

16. Middlesex County Records, ed. J. C. Jeaffreson, vol. iv, 1892, p. 240.

17. P.R.O., C5/371/28.

18. Market deeds, 28–29 Dec. 1696.

19. M.L.R. 1726/4/258.

20. Ibid., 1722/5/266; 1755/3/122.

21. Ibid., 1722/5/266.

22. Ibid., 1736/5/401.

23. Ibid., 1719/6/242.

24. P.R.O., C78/1655.

25. M.L.R. 1713/2/184; 1722/2/102; 1725/5/ 526. M.C.R.O., Acc. 161.

26. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 6 Nov. 1689.

27. M.L.R. 1722/2/102; 1724/3/402; 1730/5/ 143.

28. Ibid., 1732/3/164.

29. Market deeds, original letters patent.

30. The Times, 5 July 1912, p. 3, Judgment of Mr. Justice Warrington, Attorney General v. Horner.

31. Market deeds, 13 June 1693.

32. Ibid., 24 Aug. 1708.

33. Ibid., will of George Bohun.

34. Ibid., 20 April 1732, 19 Aug. 1734, 17 March 1737, 21–22 June 1738.

35. Cal. Treasury Books and Papers, 1739–41, pp. 509–10.

36. Market deeds, 17–18 Aug. 1787.

37. Ibid., 23 June 1829.

38. Ibid., 3 Feb. 1834.

39. Ibid., 25 Aug. 1873.

40. Ibid., 8 May 1902.

41. R.B.

42. Hatton's View of London, 1708, vol. i, p. 77.

43. Daniel Defoe, A Tour Thro' the whole Island of Great Britain, Introd. G. D. H. Cole, 1927, vol. i, p. 345.

44. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82.

45. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, p. 190.

46. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, 1909, pp. 50–1.

47. M.L.R. 1745/3/125, 127, 155, 163–5, 346–9.

48357–8,. 420; 1746/1/96, 268, 479–83.

48. Ibid., 1744/1/169–70.

49. Market deeds, 28 June 1744.

50. M.L.R. 1747/2/64.

51. 12 Geo. Ill, c. 38, local and personal.

52. 28 Geo. Ill, c. 60, local and personal, sees, xi, xii.

53. Ibid., sec. xix.

54. The Builder, 29 March 1884, p. 435.

55. H. Cham berlain, A New and Complete History and Survey of London and Westminster, 1770, p. 608.

56. M.C.R.O., Register of Building Affidavits; R.B.

57. Market deeds, Abstract of Title of Devisees of E.R. Howe, c. 1829.

58. Ibid., 10 Dec. 1832, 13 Feb. 1834; S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 23 March 1827; P.O.D.

59. Second Report of the Select Committee on Metropolitan Improvements, 2 Aug. 1838, Evidence of George Otter.

60. Fourth Report of the Commissioners for Metropolitan Improvements, 23 April 1845. Evidence of Rev. William Stone.

61. London, ed. Charles Knight, 1842, vol. ii, p. 399; John Weale, A New Survey of London, 1853, vol. ii, p. 612.

62. The Builder, 6 Dec. 1851, p. 763.

63. Ibid., 11 Jan. 1862, p. 27.

64. D. Scott, The Question of Public Rights to Spitalfields Market, 1883, p. 57 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

65. Report of a Committee on the Subject of the Proceedings taken by the Board of Works for the Whitechapel District against the Lessee of Spitalfields Market …, April 1887, pp. 6–7 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

66. Ibid., and Market deeds, Sale Particular, 4 Feb. 1875, and deed, 24 June 1885; see also W. J. Passingham, London's Markets, 1935, pp. 91–93.

67. C.R.O., Surveyor's Market plan No. 3628.

68. Scott, op. cit., p. 4.

69. Ibid., and Report of a Committee etc., passim; The East London Observer, 31 July 1909, report of proceedings of Stepney Borough Council.

70. Market deeds, 24 June 1885.

71. Ibid., Abstract of Title 1920; The East London Observer, loc. cit., and M.L.R. 1883/5/365.

72. Scott, op. cit., and Report of a Committee etc.

73. Scott, op. cit., pp. 40–3.

74. The Builder, 17 March 1883, p. 366.

75. Ibid., 29 March 1884, p. 435; Scott, op. cit., p. 65.

76. Ibid., 27 March 1886, p. 494.

77. Scott, op. cit., pp. 46–7.

78. Report of a Committee etc., p. 8.

79. L.C.C. Minutes 1892–1901, passim; Min. of Ag. and Fish. Economic Series No. 26, Markets and Fairs in England and Wales, H.M.S.O., 1930, p. 132.

80. 2 Edward VII, c. 165, local and personal.

81. L C.C. Public Control Committee, Markets file.

82. 2 and 3 Geo. V, c. 49, local and personal.

83. 4 and 5 Geo. V, c. 169, local and personal.

84. Market deeds, 31 Dec. 1914.

85. The Times, 5 Nov. 1915.

86. C.R.O., Central Markets Committee, notice from Comptroller.

87. Market deeds, passim.

88. The Times, 22 Nov. 1928.

89. 12 and 13 Geo. V, c. 21.

90. The Builder, 28 Sept. 1923, p. 507.

91. Ibid., 17 Dec. 1926, p. 1017.

92. The Times, 23 Nov. 1928.

93. Ibid., 31 Oct. 1929, and foundation stone.

94. Ibid., 7 June 1935, and foundation stone.

95. M.L.R. 1726/2/2.

96. Ibid., 1730/3/377.

97. P.R.O., PC2/61, pp. 225, 239, 261.

98. M.L.R. 1709/1/55.

99. 7 Geo. III, c. 97, private (B.M. Private Acts, 1767, vol. 2).

100. M.L.R. 1745/1/91.

101. S.C.L.L.C., Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 14 July 1677.

102. M.L.R. 1715/2/50–1.

103. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 23 April 1690; L.P.L. Deeds, Christ Church, 30 April-1 May 1675.

104. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 7 Sept. 1709.

105. Ibid., Vestry Minutes, 12 Nov. 1745.

106. Ibid., Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 22 July 1692.

107. Ibid., 25–27 March 1706.

108. Ibid., Vestry Minutes, 13 Feb. 1752.

109. R.B. and The Universal Directorby Mr. Mortimer.

110. Ibid., and The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745.

111. M.L.R. 1740/1/274.

112. Registres des Quatres Eglises de…Crispin Street, ed. W. Minet and S. Minet in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xxxii, 1929, p. xix.

113. Ibid., p. 49.

114. Ibid., p. xx, and J. S. Burn, History of the French …Protestant Refugees Settled in England… 1846, p. 173.

115. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, 1909, p. 43.

116. Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xxxii, pp. xix, xx.

117. Ibid., p. xxii.

118. Ibid., p. 55.

119. Ibid., p. xxiii.

120. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. viii, p. 45.

121. M.L.R. 1740/1/311.

122. Burn, op. cit., p. 169.

123. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., pp. 121, 131.

124. Thompson's List, 1773, in Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society, vol. vi, No. 2, Oct. 1913, p. 126.

125. Protestant Dissenters' Almanac, 1810, pp. 49–55.

126. R.B. and Pigot's Directory, 1838.

127. London, ed. Charles Knight, 1842, vol. ii, p. 397.

128. See D.N.B.

129. C. R. Weld, A History of the Royal Society, 1848, vol. i, pp. 467–8, footnotes; Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. x, 1914, pp. 332–3.

130. The Builder, 27 May 1843, p. 189.

131. R.B. and P.O.D.

132. The Illustrated London News, 15 July 1848.

133. A. K. Sabin, The Silkweavers of Spitalfields and Bethnal Green, 1931, p. 15. See also The Builder, 23 Jan. 1858, pp. 53–5, for the declining state of the Government Schools of Design in the 1850's.

134. J. Timbs, Curiosities of London, 1868 ed., p. 745.

135. P.O.D.

136. M.L.R. 1747/2/29.

137. Ibid., 1755/3/375; R.B.

138. Ibid., 1783/4/236.

139. Ibid., and R.B.

140. Ibid., 1751/1/324.

141. This account is based upon a pamphlet entitled The History of Providence (Row) Night Refuge and Home; The Tablet, 12 Dec. 1868, p. 201; The Catholic Directory, 1868 and 1869.

142. The Universe, 12 Dec. 1868, p. 5.

143. M.C.R.O., Register of Building Affidavits 1770–1776, Nos. 98–101.

144. Ibid., No. 402.

145. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 17 Dec. 1771.

146. Ibid., 18 Feb. 1778.

147. Preamble to 18 Geo. III, c. 78, public.

148. 18 Geo. III, c. 80, public.

149. David Hughson, London, 1805;, vol. ii, p. 395.

150. 5 and 6 Wm. and Mary, c. 10, public.

151. 22 Geo. III, c. 43, public.

152. M.L.R. 1783/4/236; 1784/1/20.

153. Ibid., 1786/6/447–54, 456.

154. Ibid., 1787/1/325.

155. Tallis, London Street Views, N.D.

156. P.R.O., C66/3306 m. 12, No. 3; see also Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1898, pp. i–iii, where there is a transcript of the patent.

157. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. vi, 1902, pp. 270–1.

158. Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, p. iii.

159. Ibid., p. 167.

160. Ibid., pp. iv, 57.

161. M.L.R. 1712/4/12–14.

162. H. Franklin Parsons, Isolation Hospitals, 1914, p. 221.

163. S.C.L.L.C, Old Artillery Ground Trustees' Minutes, 3 Jan. 1827.

164. L.C.C.R.O., Beek's map of Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers District, 1833.

165. The Wren Society, vol. xviii, pp. 42–5.

166. Victoria and Albert Museum Drawings, 93, c. 30 (County Antiquities, vol. i, p. 179).

167. M.L.R. 1709/1/50.

168. Ibid., 1720/5/34.

169. Ibid., 1733/4/795; R.B.

170. The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745.

171. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 16 June 1752.

172. Baldwin's New Complete Guide.

173. The Evangelical Magazine, Nov. 1836, p. 509.

174. The History of Bishopsgate Chapel, 1662–1927, N.D. (pamphlet in the possession of the Rev.C. E. Surman).

175. D.N.B. and P.O.D.

176. M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns, Spitalfields, May 1847.

177. The London Gazette, 30 May 1851, p. 1419.

178. P.O.D. and O.S. map 1873–5.

CHAPTER XII (pp. 148–177)

Christ Church

1. 9 Anne, c. 22, public.

2. C.J., vol. xvi, pp. 542, 582–3.

3. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 23 May 1726.

4. Ibid., Minute Book I, 3 Oct. 1711.

5. Ibid., 10 Oct. 1711, and Committee Minutes, 10 Oct. 1711.

6. Ibid., 19 Oct. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

7. Ibid., 2 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

8. Ibid., 7 Nov. 1711.

9. C.J., vol. xvii, p. 34.

10. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 18 Dec. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

11. 10 Anne, c. 11, public.

12. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 29 April 1714.

13. 1 Geo. I, sess. 2, c. 23, public.

14. L.P.L., Book of Muniments 1715–42, p. 12, and H. M. Colvin, Fifty New Churches, in The Architectural Review, March 1950, p. 190, note 14.

15. L.P.L., Book of Muniments 1715–42, pp. 18–19.

16. 4 Geo. I, c. 14, public.

17. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 19 Feb. 1718/19.

18. Ibid., 26 Feb. 1718/19.

19. 5 Geo. I, c. 9, public.

20. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 28 April 1720; Papers, box II, No. (22), memo. 26 April 1721, and No. (15), petition 24 Jan. 1722/3.

21. Ibid., Minute Book II, 2 March 1720/1.

22. Ibid., 14 Jan. 1720/1.

23. Ibid., 19 Jan. 1720/1.

24. Ibid., 25 March 1726.

25. Ibid., 5 May, 9 June 1727.

26. Ibid., Committee Minute Book 1712–20, 11 July 1712.

27. Ibid., Minute Book I, 16 July 1712.

28. Ibid., 23 July 1712.

29. Ibid., 30 July 1712.

30. Ibid., Committee Minute Book 1712–20, 25 July 1712.

31. The Wren Society, vol. xvii, p. 45.

32. L.P.L., Minute Book 1,14 Jan., 4 Feb. 1712/13.

33. For details see ibid., Bill Book 1713–40, f. 7.

34. Ibid., f. 9.

35. Ibid., Minute Book I, 21 Nov. 1711, and Committee Minutes, 20 Nov. 1711.

36. Ibid., 18 Dec. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

37. Ibid., 16 July 1712.

38. Ibid., 7 May 1713.

39. C.J., vol. xvi, p. 542.

40. L.P.L., Minute Book 1,10 Oct. 1711, and Committee Minutes same date; Papers, box II, No. (7), N.D.

41. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (11), 16 Oct. 1711.

42. See J. Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1720, vol. ii, Appendix, pp. 95–6.

43. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 16 Oct. 1711.

44. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (13), 1 Nov. 1711.

45. Ibid., Minute Book I, 2 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes), 7 Nov. 1711.

46. Ibid., 7 Nov. 1711.

47. Ibid., 14 Nov. 1711, and Committee Minutes, 9 and 13 Nov. 1711.

48. S.C.L.L.C., Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 12 March 1710/11.

49. Ibid., 18 Sept. 1711.

50. L.P.L., Papers, box II, No. (7), N.D.; No. (10), N.D.;No. (11), 16 Oct. 1710.

51. Ibid., Minute Book I, 9 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

52. Ibid., 13 Nov. (Committee Minutes), 14 Nov. (Commissioners' Minutes) 1711.

53. Ibid., 20 Nov. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

54. Ibid., 11 Dec. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

55. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (2), Dec. 1711.

56. Ibid., Committee Minute Book 1712–20, 25 July 1712.

57. Ibid, 10 and 24 Sept., 7 and 10 Nov. 1712; Minute Book I, 17 Sept., 12 Nov. 1712.

58. Ibid., Deeds, Christ Church, Spitalfields.

59. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 6 Nov. 1713.

60. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, Spitalfields, 20 July 1708.

61. Ibid.,20 Sept. 1687.

62. Ibid., 11 Nov. 1704.

63. P.C.C. 45 Young.

64. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, Spitalfields, 11 Nov. 1704, 20 July 1708, 17 July 1711, and plan on abstract of title, N.D. (post July 1711).

65. Ibid., 24 July 1713.

66. Ibid., plan on abstract of title, N.D. (post July 1711); plan, N.D., attached to extract from minutes of 7 Nov. 1712 and from deed of 18 June 1713. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 6 Nov. 1713.

67. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 17 Feb. 1713/14; Papers, box II, No. (4), N.D.

68. Ibid., Minute Book I, 17 Feb. 1713/14.

69. Ibid., 9 April 1714.

70. Ibid., 22 April 1714.

71. B.M., King's Topographical Collection xxiii, 4.

72. Ibid., xxiii, 11, x.

73. L.P.L., Minute Book I, 24 June, 8 and 29 July 1714; Contracts I, pp. 12–13, and 11, pp. 17–18.

74. Ibid., Minute Book I, 21 July 1714.

75. Ibid., 14 Oct. 1714; Papers, box II, No. (7), Nov. 1714.

76. Ibid., Book of Works I, Christ Church, Spitalfields, 1 Jan. 1713/14–31 Dec. 1714.

77. Ibid., Contracts I, p. 34.

78. Memorial inscription on his monument in the church. J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, 1197–1894, N.D., p. 13.

79. L.P.L., Minute Book II, passim.

80. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 29 March 1725.

81. Ibid., 3 April 1727.

82. L.P.L., Book of Muniments 1715–42, p. 6; Book of Works I, mason's bill, 1715.

83. Ibid., Book of Muniments 1715–42, p. 15.

84. Ibid., Book of Works I, mason's bill, 1715.

85. Ibid., carpenter's bill, 1718–19.

86. Ibid., passim.

87. Ibid., Minute Book I, 23 March 1714/15.

88. Ibid., 27 April 1715.

89. Ibid., 4 April 1717 and Minute Book II, 5 June 1718.

90. Ibid., Minute Book II, 28 April 1720.

91. Ibid., Book of Works II, carpenter's bill, 1720–1.

92. Ibid.,Minute Book II, 14 Jan. 1720/1.

93. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (22).

94. Ibid., Minute Book II, 9 Nov. 1721.

95. Ibid., Book of Works I and II, plumber's bills.

96. Ibid., I, mason's bills.

97. Ibid., carpenter's bills.

98. Ibid., II; mason's bills.

99. Ibid., smith's bill, 1722–4.

100. Ibid., plasterer's bill, 1723–4.

101. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (15).

102. Ibid., Minute Book II, 24 Jan. 1722/3.

103. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (16).

104. Ibid., No. (18).

105. Ibid., Book of Works III, mason's and bricklayer's bills, 1724–5.

106. Ibid., carpenter's bill, 1724–5.

107. Ibid., Minute Book I, 8 July 1714.

108. Ibid., Book of Works III, plasterer's and joiner's bills.

109. Ibid., Papers, box II, No. (19), 12 July 1725.

110. Ibid., Minute Book II, 12 July 1725.

111. Ibid., Book of Works III, mason's bill, 1725–6.

112. Ibid., joiner's bill, 1725–6.

113. B.M., King's Topographical Collection XXIII, 11.j.

114. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 4 March 1725/6.

115. B.M., King's Topographical Collection XXIII, 11.k.

116. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 13 July 1724.

117. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 8 Jan. 1724/5.

118. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 12 July 1725.

119. Ibid., 29 April 1726.

120. Ibid., Papers, box II, report 22 Sept. 1727.

121. Ibid., Minute Book II, 20 Feb. 1726/7.

122. Ibid., 24 March 1726/7.

123. Ibid., Book of Works IV, smith's and painter's bills, 1727–8.

124. Ibid., Minute Book II, 24 March 1726/7.

125. Ibid., 5 May 1727.

126. Ibid., 9 June 1727.

127. Ibid, Book of Works IV, mason's bill, 1727–8.

128. Ibid., smith's and joiner's bills, 1727–8.

129. Ibid., mason's and smith's bills, 1727–8.

130. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 10 April 1729.

131. L.P.L., Book of Works IV, painter's bill, 1728–1729.

132. 2 Geo. II, c. 10, public.

133. C.J., vol. xxi, p. 389.

134. L.P.L., Papers, box II, No. (26), 4 March 1725/6; Minute Book II, same date.

135. Ibid., Minute Book II, 16 March 1726/7.

136. C.J., vol.xxi, p. 221.

137. L.P.L., Minute Book III, 7 Aug. 1730.

138. Ibid., Book of Muniments 1715–42, p. 79.

139. Ibid., Book of Works IV, carpenter's bill, 1729–31.

140. Ibid., mason's bill, 1729–31.

141. Ibid., smith's and mason's bills, 1729–31.

142. H. M. Colvin, Fifty New Churches, in The Architectural Review, March 1950, pp. 195–196.

143. P.C.C. 14 Fox.

144. W. G. Bell, A Short History of the Worshipful Company of Tylers and Bricklayers, 1938, p. 69.

145. L.P.L., Minute Book II, 8 Nov. 1723.

146. Ibid., Contracts I, p. 58.

147. Ibid., Book of Works III, carpenter's bill, 1727–1728.

148. IbidL.C.C.R.O., Acc. 55.113, notes from Vestry Minutes by S. J. Hyam, Vestry Clerk, 4 Sept. 1869.

149. Ibid., sub 2 June 1736 and 31 March 1737; J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, 1197–1894, N.D.,p.15.

150. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 17 April 1851.

151. D.N.B.

152. Hyam's notes (see 148 above), and Millicent Rose, The East End of London, 1951, pp. 91–3.

153. Robson's London Commercial Directory, 1822.

154. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, builders' accounts, 1822–3.

155. The Times, 14 Feb. 1827.

156. P.O.D.

157. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 4 April 1836; L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, Statement of Receipts and Expenditure after the Fire of 17 Feb. 1836.

158. The Builder, 29 Nov. 1851, p. 758.

159. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, passim.

160. The East London Observer, 18 March 1911.

161. J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, 1197–1894, N.D.,p. 16.

162. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 12 Dec. 1746.

163. Ibid., 3 Sept. 1747.

164. Ibid., 5 June 1764.

165. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 29 April, 7 Nov. 1788.

166. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 30 April 1802.

167. Ibid, 22 Feb. 1839; L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, Appeal for Funds to repair Church, 1836.

168. A. E. Mayhew, Hawksmoor and the Church of Christ, Spitalfields, in The Architectural Review, 1914, p. 19.

169. B.M., King's Topographical Collection XXIII, 11. x.

170. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 8 and 30 June 1797.

171. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, Appeal for Funds to repair Church, 1836.

172. Ibid., tender, 7 Dec. 1865.

173. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 18 April 1799.

174. J. Ralph, A Critical Review of the Public Buildings… [of]… London, 1734, p. 6.

175. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 14 June, 3 Nov. 1743.

176. Ibid., 21 June, 3 Aug. 1763.

177. Ibid., 29 July 1766.

178. Ibid., 30 Aug. 1769, 12 Sept. 1770, 15 Aug. 1771.

179. Ibid., 14 Jan. 1796, 8 and 30 June 1797.

180. Ibid., 18 April 1799.

181. The Weekly Dispatch, 14 May 1826.

182. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 15 March 1822. For the disputes over the repairs of 1822 see S. and B. Webb, English Local Government, The Parish and the County, 1906, p. 265.

183. The Public Ledger, 17 May 1826.

184. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 4 April 1822.

185. Ibid., 25 April 1822.

186. See Report from the Select Committee appointed to inquire into… Select and other Vestries…, 1 April 1830; evidence of Mr. Hugh Parnell, 12 March 1830.

187. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 1815–34, passim.

188. For this and following see L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, builders' accounts, 1822–3.

189. R.B.

190. The Representative, 13 July 1826.

191. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 10 Sept., 5 Nov. 1802.

192. The Builder, 4 Oct. 1851, advertisement, p. 633.

193. The Times, 15 Feb. 1827 (report of case in Consistory Court).

194. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 23 June 1826.

195. Ibid., 31 Oct. 1823.

196. Ibid., 23 July 1824.

197. Ibid., 29 July 1825.

198. The Weekly Dispatch, 7 May 1826.

199. Ibid., 21 May 1826.

200. Ibid., 4 June 1826, and The Representative, 13 July 1826.

201. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 23 June 1826.

202. Ibid., 6 Oct. 1826.

203. Ibid., 23 March 1827.

204. Ibid., 15 June 1827.

205. Ibid., 1815–34, 1834–51, passim.

206. Inscription on west front of church; L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, Appeal for Funds, 1836.

207. Ibid., Appeal for Funds; S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 25 Feb., 3, 17, 24 March 1836, 22 Feb. 1839.

208. Ibid., 21 Jan., 7 Oct. 1841.

209. Ibid., 10 July 1851.

210. The Builder, 16 Aug. 1851, p. 519.

211. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 7 April 1853.

212. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, undated printed appeal.

213. Ibid., estimate.

214. Ibid., printed letter.

215. Christ Church vestry safe, Bishop's faculty.

216. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, abstract of tenders.

217. The Builder, 5 Jan. 1867, p. 20.

218. Ibid., and inscription on west front of church.

219. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, bill of 3 Oct. 1873, and inscription inside north-east gateway.

220. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 16 April 1873.

221. Stepney Official Guide, N.D., p. 108, and May hew, op. cit. (see 168 above), p. 20.

222. C.C., File 28529/1–2.

223. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 28 April 1779.

224. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 7 Nov. 1800.

225. Ibid., 5 April 1858, 7 Jan. 1859, 12 Sept. 1861.

226. The London Gazette, 24 March 1857, 6 June 1859.

227. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, Bishop's faculty, 1859.

228. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Aug., 12 Sept. 1861.

229. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, agreement 21 Oct. 1891.

230. T.P. 50444.

231. B.M., King's Topographical Collection XXIII, 11. k.

232. Rupert Gunnis, Dictionary of British Sculptors, 1660–1851, N.D., p. 117.

CHAPTER XIII (pp. 178–225)

The Wood-Michell Estate

1. Records of the Honourable Society of Lincoln's Inn, 1896, vol. i, p. 358.

2. Ibid., p. 376; Register of Admissions to the Middle Temple, 1949, vol. i, p. 257.

3. P.R.O., C5/64/75.

4. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, 20 July 1708.

5. Deeds of Mr. Hugh Crallan, 24–25 March 1790.

6. M.L.R. 1714/4/23.

7. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 53.27, deeds of Great Synagogue.

8. M.L.R. 1719/1/96.

9. Ibid., 1713/4/6–7; P.C.C. 71 Shaller.

10. Market deeds, 30 May 1702.

11. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, 30 April-1 May 1675; L.C.C.R.O., E/HAL/320.

12. L.P.L., ibid.; Market deeds, 1 May 1675.

13. L.P.L., ibid.

14. Market deeds, 29 Jan. 1678/9, 30 March 1679.

15. Ibid., will of John Balch.

16. Ibid., 24 Aug. 1708, 20 April 1732.

17. Ibid., 24 Aug. 1708; L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, 20 July 1708.

18. P.C.C. 107 Isham (Charles Wood), and 301 Greenly (Simon Michell).

19. P.R.O., C5/371/28.

20. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 6 Nov. 1713.

21. Market deeds, 24 Aug. 1708.

22. Herts. County Record Office, deed of Mr. Hugh Crallan, 10–11 Sept. 1718.

23. Market deeds, 20 April 1732, 19 Aug. 1734.

24. Ibid., 17 March 1737/8.

25. L.P.L., Papers, Christ Church, box II, No. (10).

26. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes 1729–32, passim.

27. P.C.C. 107 Isham.

28. L.C.C.R.O., Holborn and Finsbury Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 31 May 1721.

29. For Michell's Clerkenwell property see Thomas Cromwell, History and Description of the Parish of Clerkenwell, 1828, p. 170; W. J. Pinks, The History of Clerkenwell, 1865, p. 289; and the Rev. W. Dawson, A Mid-London Parish. A Short History of St. John's Clerkenwell, 1885, pp. 15–16.

30. See also L.C.C Photographic Library.

31. L.P.L., Minute Book II, passim.

32. T. W. Wood and H. W. Fincham, An Illustrated Guide to … the Present Parish Church of St. John at Clerkenwell, 1903, p. 19; Dawson, op. cit., pp. 15–16; Cromwell, op. cit., p. 143.

33. Cromwell, op. cit., p. 144.

34. P.C.C. 301 Greenly.

35. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 15 Oct., 12 Nov. 1718.

36. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 15 April 1723.

37. C.J., vol. xxi, p. 221.

38. M.L.R. 1745/1/91.

39. The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745.

40. L.P.L., Minute Book III, 10 Feb. 1746/7, 22 April 1747.

41. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 15 Nov. 1752.

42. M.L.R. 1755/2/38.

43. R.B.

44. M.L.R. 1727/2/197; 1732/4/62.

45. Ibid., 1734/5/302.

46. Survey of London, vol. vm, 1922, p. 68.

47. M.L.R. 1739/4/386.

48. W. Ison, The Georgian Buildings of Bristol, 1952, pp. 27, 204, 210.

49. M.L.R. 1724/6/296.

50. Colvin.

51. M.L.R. 1735/4/227.

52. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 10 April 1792.

53. M.L.R. 1725/5/375–8; R.B.

54. Ibid., 1727/5/314.

55. Ibid., 1735/5/61–2; P.C.C. 14 Fox.

56. Ibid., 1741/1/363; 1756/2/570.

57. Ibid., 1726/1/279.

58. Ibid., 1734/3/292.

59. Ibid., 1735/5/152.

60. Ibid., 1728/2/168.

61. Ibid., 1735/5/61.

62. Ibid., 1713/2/21–2.

63. Ibid., 1727/5/315–17.

64. Ibid., 1723/3/37I–3.

65. Ibid., 1722/4/79.

66. Ibid., 1724/2/121.

67. Ibid., 1724/2/179.

68. Ibid., 1722/4/79; 1722/5/61.

69. Ibid., 1724/2/178–9.

70. Ibid., 1721/2/40.

71. Ibid., 1724/3/437.

72. Ibid., 1721/2/40–1; 1721/4/264–6.

73. Ibid., 1723/1/60; R.B.

74. Ibid., 1726/3/281.

75. Ibid., 1735/5/351–2.

76. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 279; R.B.

77. M.L.R. 1723/5/66; R.B.

78. Ibid., 1735/2/36–7.

79. Ibid., 1721/4/266.

80. Ibid., 1723/5/66.

81. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 28 Nov. 1706.

82. M.L.R. 1727/5/315–17.

83. Ibid., 1721/4/264.

84. Ibid., 1721/4/271–2, 274.

85. Ibid., 1720/3/250.

86. Ibid., 1724/4/180.

87. The Universal Director… by Mr. Mortimer; R.B.

88. M.L.R. 1719/1/150.

89. Ibid., 1720/2/174.

90. Ibid., 1724/6/296.

91. Ibid., 1728/3/105.

92. Ibid., 1718/2/190–1.

93. Ibid., 1719/2/103.

94. The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745; R-B.

95. M.L.R. 1718/2/190–1; Herts. County Record Office, deed of Mr. Hugh Crallan.

96. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes 1767–73, passim; R.B. and Kent's Directory.

97. D.N.B.

98. M.L.R. 1719/2/104–5.

99. Ibid 1721/4/287–8.

100. Ibid., 1722/5/211–12.

101. Information supplied by the secretary of the Synagogue Trustees.

102. P.C.C. 71 Shaller.

103. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 17 Dec. 1705.

104. M.L.R. 1713/2/21–2.

105. Procs. Hug. Soc., vol. xv, 1937, p. 308.

106. Guildhall Library, MS. 4655/12.

107. Complete Guide… to London

108. The Universal Director…by Mr. Mortimer

109. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, East London, 1930, pp. 100b, 101a. A photograph of the houses showing the cornice is possessed by the Commission.

110. Daniel Defoe, A Tour Thro' the whole Island of Great Britain, Introd. G. D. H. Cole, 1927, vol. i, p. 329.

111. Market deeds, 19 March 1648/9, 30 May 1702.

112. M.L.R. 1719/3/269.

113. Ibid., 1735/5/153.

114. S.C.L.L.C., Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 18 Dec. 1677.

115. M.L.R. 1713/2/19–20.

116. L.C.C.R.O., Beek's map of Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers District.

117. Kent's Directory; R.B.

118. M.L.R. 1723/6/424.

119. Ibid., 1725/6/231.

120. Ibid., 1719/2/236.

121. Ibid., 1729/1/342; 1739/4/424.

122. The Baptist Quarterly and Transactions of the Baptist Historical Society, July 1930, pp. 111–117.

123. Procs. Hug. Soc vol. viii, 1909, p. 51.

124. Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1898, p. 123.

125. J. S. Burn implies in The History of the French… Protestant Refugees Settled in England, 1846, p. 169, that the freehold was purchased, but this was still possessed by Richard Michell in 1777.

126. Burn, op. cit., p. 170.

127. Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1898, p. 164.

128. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 1 March 1787.

129. The Baptist Quarterly etc., loc. cit.; L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82, deed of 16 Nov. 1846.

130. P.R.O.,C54/15912.

131. Foundation stone.

132. C.C., File 28529; The Pall Mall Gazette, 30 Dec. 1913.

133. M.L.R. 1719/3/36–7.

134. Ibid., 1727/2/149–51

135. Spitalfields Silks of the 18th and 19th Centuries, Introd. J. F. Flanagan, 1954, pp. 14–15.

136. M.L.R. 1718/2/190–1.

137. Ibid., 1719/2/106–7.

138. Ibid., 1728/2/168.

139. Ibid., 1719/2/104–5.

140. Ibid., 1721/4/287–8.

141. Ibid., 1757/1/8.

142. Ibid., 1740/4/1/439–40.

143. M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns, Spitalfields.

144. The Times, 10 Sept. 1888

145. M.L.R. 1750/3/722; R.B.

146. Ibid., 1749/2/91; 1750/3/722.

147. Ibid., 1756/1/555.

148. Ibid., 1725/5/376.

149. Ibid., 1723/6/215.

150. Ibid., 1723/3/371.

151. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, p. 123.

152. P.C.C. 186 Strahan, will of Peter Motteux.

153. J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, 1197–1894, N.D., pp. 44–50.

154. P.R.O., C54/7288 m. 7 No. 18.

155. Pigot's Directory

156. Scott, loc. cit., and Endowed Charities, op. cit., p. 124.

157. Ibid., and S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Dec. 1859.

158. L.S.B. Minutes, 11 June, 26 Nov. 1873.

159. O.S. map.

160. M.L.R. 1721/4/273.

161. Kent's Directory; The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745; R.B.

162. M.L.R. 1721/4/267–8.

163. Ibid., 1722/6/231.

164. The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer; Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xv, 1937, p. 307.

165. M.L.R. 1723/1/431–5.

166. Ibid., 1723/4/423–7.

167. Ibid., 1723/4/423.

168. Ibid., 1725/3/129.

169. Ibid., 1732/4/257.

170. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 270.

171. P.O.D.

172. M.L.R. 1725/3/115; 1723/1/383.

173. Ibid., 1728/4/359.

174. Ibid., 1735/2/36–7.

175. Ibid., 1723/1/432, 434; 1721/4/268–9.

176. Information supplied by the Rev. C. E. Surman of the Congregational Historical Society; The Congregational Tear Book, 1846, p. 176.

177. Protestant Dissenters' Almanac, 1810.

178. P.R.O., Works 7/22–33 (deeds), and Works 6/146/4 (map).

179. Ibid., Works 7/28H/14.

180. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, p. 303.

181. Ibid., and The Builder, 23 Feb. 1861, p. 131; P.O.D.

182. L.C.C. Architect's file H.B. 57.

183. Deed of Mr. Hugh Crallan, 26 July 1726.

184. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 13 Feb. 1752.

185. Ibid.; deed of Mr. Hugh Crallan, 26 July 1726. L.C.C.R.O.,Acc. 56.82, deed of 8 May 1764.

186. L.P.L., Papers, Christ Church, box II, No. (19).

187. Ibid., Minute Book II, 12 July 1725.

188. Ibid., 29 April 1726.

189. Ibid., 23 May 1726.

190. L.P.L., Books of Works III, IV, Minister's House, Christ Church.

191. M.L.R. 1726/1/277–85; deeds of Mr. Hugh Crallan.

192. Ibid., 1727/5/314.

193. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 270.

194. P.R.O., C54/16626.

195. D.N.B. and Josiah Bateman, The Life of Daniel Wilson, 2nd ed. 1861.

196. Deeds of Mr. Hugh Crallan; P.O.D.

197. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 272; R.B.

198. M.L.R. 1728/1/162–5.

199. Ibid., 1727/5/142.

200. Ibid., 1728/2/423.

201. Deeds of Mr. Hugh Crallan.

202. M.L.R. 1739/5/295–6.

203. G. W. Hill and W. H. Frere, Memorials of Stepney, 1890–1, Introd. xi, and p. 242.

204. P.R.O., E179/143/370.

205. M.L.R. 1755/4/66.

206. Ibid., 1755/4/67.

207. S.C.L.L.C., Vestry Minutes, 10, 17 Dec. 1755.

208. M.L.R. 1758/2/10.

209. Spitalfields Silks etc. (135 above), p. 17.

210. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, 1905, p. 34.

211. Spitalfields Silks etc. (135 above), p. 12.

212. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, 1905, p. 34; vol. xi, 1917, p. 286; R.B.

213. Pigot's Directory; S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, passim; R.B.

214. M.L.R. 1725/5/374–5, 377–9, 381.

215. Ibid., 1747/2/37.

216. Ibid., 1725/4/419.

217. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 21 April 1712.

218. The London Gazette, 5 Oct. 1745; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer; R.B.

219. Annual Report of the London Dispensary, 1866–7 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute); notice of annual sermon, 1809, in Christ Church vestry.

220. Scott, op. cit. (153 above), p. 43.

221. Annual Report etc.; P.R.O., C54/16626.

222. S.C.L.L.C, Old Artillery Ground Trustees Minutes, Feb. 1835.

223. Annual Report etc.

224. M.L.R. 1725/2/488–92.

225. Ibid., 1735/2/36–7.

226. First Report of the Spitalfields Benevolent Society, 1812 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

227. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, 1905, p. 34; vol. xi, 1917, p. 273.

228. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 56.82; deed of Mr. G. F. Huntley.

229. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, 1909, p. 30.

230. Maps of Ogilby and Morgan, and Gascoine.

231. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. iii, 1892, p. 576; vol. vii, 1905, p. 34; vol. xvi, 1941, pp. 13–14.

232. Survey of London, vol. viii, 1922, p. 99.

233. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xi, 1917, p. 266; R.B.

234. Robson's Directory; R.B.

235. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 53.27; deeds of Mr. B. Paradise.

236. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xvi, 1941, pp. 13–14.

237. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, London and Middlesex, 1815, vol. iii, p. 174.

238. P.R.O., C54/9901 m. 42, No. 1.

239. For this and following see Bernard Homa, A Fortress in Anglo-Jewry, 1953.

240. Homa, op. cit., pp. 50, 54.

241. Ibid., p. 55.

242. Ibid., p. 91.

243. Ibid., p. 98, note for symbolic decoration of walls and ceiling.

244. Information supplied by Miss E. M. Boyce and the Rev. Niel Nye.

CHAPTER XIV (pp. 226–238)

Artillery Passage and the South Side of Artillery Lane

1. M.L.R. 1734/5/388–90.

2. Ibid., 1757/3/128.

3. Ibid., 1734/5/391.

4. Ibid., I7I7/5/39.

5. S.C.L.L.C., Poor and Scavengers rate book, 1700; L.C.C.R.O., Commissioners of Sewers rate books.

6. M.L.R. 1733/1/476; R.B.

7. J. Osborn, A Complete Guide to … London, 1740.

8. The Universal Director… by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

9. R.B.

10. D.N.B.

11. M.L.R. 1745/1/91.

12. Ibid., 1718/6/23.

13. Ibid., 1739/4/487.

14. P.C.C. 186 Strahan.

15. M.L.R. 1757/1/591.

16. P.C.C. 388 Bogg.

17. S.C.L.L.C., Poor and Scavengers rate book, 1700.

18. M.L.R. 1733/1/476.

19. L.P.L., Deeds, Christ Church, 30 April-i May 1675.

20. P.C.C. 45 Young.

21. M.L.R. 1718/2/52.

22. Ibid., 1733/1/477.

23. P.C.C. 48 Buckingham.

24. M.L.R. 1733/1/477–8.

25. Ibid., 1756/3/115.

26. Ibid., 1757/3/128. The frontage of Nos. 56 and 58 is given as 33 feet, probably by a mistake in copying the original lease.

27. Ibid., 1757/3/129.

28. Ibid., 1758/4/495.

29. See Arthur Stratton, Some XVIIIth Century Designs for Interior Decoration … of Abraham Swan, 1923, Introd., p. vi, and The Evening News, 29 Oct. 1934, citing opinion of Mr. Ernest Hawking, Curator of the Geffrye Museum, that the shop-front was probably the work of Swan.

30. M.L.R. 1751/1/324, 360; 1755/2/561.

31. Ibid., 1755/3/375.

32. Ambrose Heal, The Signboards of Old London Shops, 1947, pp. 156, 180.

33. S.C.L.L.C., Vestry Minutes.

34. Kent's Directory, 1780.

35. P.C.C. 373 Bellas.

36. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. xii, 1924, pp. 364–5.

37. London Directory, 1782; Kent's Directory, 1799; R.B.

38. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vii, 1905, p. 212.

39. A Complete Guide to … London, 1755; The Universal Director … by Mr. Mortimer, 1763.

40. Kent's Directory, 1772.

41. P.C.C. 374 Ducarel.

42. Kent's Directory, 1783.

43. Ibid., 1817.

44. Robson's Directory, 1836.

45. Pigot's Directory, 1840; P.6.D., 1853.

46. P.O.D., 1858 et seq.

47. Stratton, op. cit. (29 above), Introd., p. vi.

48. Illustrated in Country Life, 9 April 1927.

49. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 3 April 1727.

50. M.L.R. 1724/3/478; 1729/3/57; 1733/3/373.

CHAPTER XV (pp. 237–241)

The Halifax Estate in Spitalfields

1. William Robinson, The History and Antiquities of … Hackney, 1842, vol. i, p. 333.

2. Stow, vol. i, p. 127.

3. John Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1720, bk. 11, ch. 11, p. 14.

4. P.R.O., C54/3194 No. 2; C54/3195 No. 26.

5. Recited in M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 248, and in P.R.O., C54/3552 No. 10.

6. P.R.O., C54/3307 No. 32.

7. B.M., Add. MS. 22253 ff. 1–2.

8. Ibid., and P.R.O., C54/3195 No. 26.

9. John Stow, A Survey of the Cities of London and Westminster, enlarged by John Strype, 1754, vol. i, p. 367.

10. P.C.C. 8 Essex.

11. M.L.R. 1723/1/272; 1723/4/277; P.C.C. 287 Wake.

12. House of Lords Record Office, MS. Act 2 and 3 Wm. and Mary, No. 9.

13. M.L.R. 1719/4/6; 1726/1/354–5.

14. Ibid., 1728/2/281–2; 1735/2/232; 1734/4/ 271; 1751/2/263; 1755/3/451; 1758/2/32; 1742/4/67; 1745/1/106.

15. Ibid., 1791/2/7; P.C.C. 48 Buckingham.

16. The Morning Herald, 22 June 1810.

17. M.L.R. 1819/3/80.

18. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i,1897, pp. 127–129.

19. Ibid., and M.L.R. 1891/1/183.

20. Rev. Joseph Nightingale, London and Middlesex, vol. iii, 1815, p. 152.

21. 12 and 13 Viet., c. 24, private.

22. Except where otherwise stated, the following account is based on P. J. Edwards, History of London Street Improvements 1885–1897 , 1898, p. 199.

23. 55 and 56 Viet., c. 238, local.

24. B.A. 14989.

25. C.J., vol. xvi, p. 542.

26. L.P.L., Papers, Christ Church, box II, No. (4).

27. James Paterson, Pietas Londinensis, 1714, pp. 268––9.

28. M.L.R. 1745/1/106.

29. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 127–128; A. B. Levy, East End Story, N.D. (1951), p. 9.

30. P.R.O., 054/12513 m. 39 No. 4.

31. The Builder, 7 July 1883, p. 10.

32. M.B.O., District Surveyors’ Returns, March 1848.

33. The Builder, 14 April 1855, p. 180.

34. John Weale, London Exhibited in 1851, p. 536.

35. The Jewish Chronicle, 6 May 1859.

36. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Dec. 1859.

37. Endowed Charities, London, loc. cit., and M.L.R. 1891/1/183.

38. The Builder, 2 July 1904, p. 21; 19 Jan. 1907, p. 71; foundation stone.

39. R.I.B.A. Journal, Feb. 1917, p. 94.

40. Ibid., and The Builder, loc. cit.

CHAPTER XVI (pp. 242–244)

The Tenter Ground Estate

1. William Robinson, The History and Antiquities of. . . Hackney, 1842, vol. i, p. 333.

2. B.M., Add. MS. 22253 ff. 3, 4.

3. P.R.O., C54/3552N0. 10.

4. Ibid., C54/3555N0. 5.

5. M.L.R. 1735/5/62.

6. Ibid., 1733/4/79.

7. Ibid, 1736/5/48.

8. Ibid., 1818/5/487.

9. L.C.C.R.O., E/EV/L12.

10. See M.L.R. index 1812–20 sub John Butler.

11. The Builder, 20 Nov. 1858, p. 778.

12. M.L.R. 1718/6/74.

13. W. T. Whitley, The Baptists of London, N.D., p. 114.

14. Cal. S.P. Dom., 1671, pp. 356–7.

15. Transactions of the Congregational Historical Society, vol. iii, No. 6, Oct. 1908, pp. 364–6.

16. The Repertoire General of Baptisms in Spitalftelds etc., ed. Susan Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. xlv, 1956, pp. 5–6.

17. Register of the Church of the Artillery, etc., ed. Susan Minet, in Pubs. Hug. Soc, vol. an, 1948, p. 130.

18. Procs. Hug. Soc, vol. vm, 1909, p. 52.

19. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Dec. 1859; P.O.D.

20. J. H. Scott, A Short History of Spitalfields, 1197–1894, N.D., p. 35.

21. L.C.C.R.O., Ace. 56.82, deed of 31 May 1879.

22. The Annual Charities Register and Digest, 1957, p. 215; A. B. Levy, East End Story, N.D. (1951),p. 11.

23. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 139, 149–50; Levy, loc. cit.

24. Levy, loc. cit.

CHAPTER XVII (pp. 245–251)

The Fossan (Keate and Tonge) Estate

1. William Robinson, The History and Antiquities of . . . Hackney, 1842, vol. i, p. 333.

2. Keate MSS. in possession of Tylee and Co., 3 and 6 April 1658.

3. Ibid., 14 June 1649; B.M., Add. MS. 22253 ff. 3–4.

4. B.M., loc. cit, and M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 410.

5. Keate MSS., 2 Dec. 1653; 24 April 1656.

6. See P.R.O., Close Roll Index, grantees, 22–23 Charles I and 1649–50 sub Fossan.

7. Keate MSS., 14 May 1651; M.C.R.O., Ace. 21 Nos. 248, 250.

8. Keate MSS., bundle of building leases 1654–6; P.R.O., C5/446/107.

9. P.R.O., loc. cit.

10. M.L.R. 1729/1/295.

11. Keate MSS., 1 Aug. 1655.

12. Ibid., 9 Feb. 1655/6.

13. Ibid., 27 Feb. 1655/6; 10 May, 21 July, 15 and 20 Aug. 1656; 25 March, 15 April, 19 Sept. 1657.

14. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 410.

15. Ibid., Nos. 356–7; L.C.C. Members' Library, map collection 2111 J. Ste.

16 Keate. MSS., 9 Feb. 1655/6; 10 Nov. 1658.

17. Ibid., 1 Aug. 1655; 8–9 May 1694.

18. Ibid., 10 Nov. 1658.

19. Guildhall Library, MS. 3047/2, 10 July 1657.

20. M.L.R. 1719/5/148.

21. Ibid., 1736/1/280.

22 Keate. MSS., 10 Nov. 1670.

23. Ibid., I March 1651/2.

24. Ibid., 4 Feb. 1656/7.

25. Ibid., 29 June 1658.

26. Ibid., eighteenth-century label on bundle of deeds A3.

27. Ibid., 3, 4 Feb. 1769.

28. Ibid., 21 Nov. 1661.

29. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 Nos. 257, 266–7.

30. Ibid., No. 275.

31. Ibid., No. 269.

32. L.C.C. Members' Library, map collection 2111 J. Ste.

33. Ibid., and M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 410.

34. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 Nos. 288, 292–3, 295–7.

35. Ibid., No. 306.

36. L.C.C.R.O.,B.R.A. 666/1/34.

37. M.L.R. 1733/4/217–18.

38. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 Nos. 266–7 (endorsements), 344, 410; L.C.C. Members' Library, map collection 2101–3, 2111 J. Ste.

39. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 322.

40. Ibid., endorsement.

41. Ibid., No. 327.

42. Ibid., No. 350.

43. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A. 666/1/31.

44. M.C.R.O., Acc. 21 No. 378.

45. Ibid., No. 375.

46. Ibid., Nos. 376–7.

47. Ibid., No. 382.

48. Ibid., No. 383.

49. Ibid., No. 389.

50 Keate. MSS., copy of will, 28 April 1680.

51. W. W. Pocock, An Historical Account of the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, 1887, p. 628.

52. Keate MSS., bundle of building leases 1717–26; M.L.R. 1721/4/32; 1721/5/56; 1722/1/ 278–9; 1722/2/135; 1723/1/24.4, 382; 1724/3/269.

53. M.L.R. 1724/3/269.

54. Keate MSS., plan on deed of 1 Oct. 1773.

55. M.B.O., Cases of Ruinous Buildings 1845–55, No. 1075.

56. Keate MSS., 17 April 1749.

57. Ibid., 1 March 1785.

58. See D.N.B sub George Keate (1729–97), Charles Cooper Henderson (1803–77) and John Henderson (1797–1878).

59. Keate MSS., deeds various, and late eighteenth century Spitalfields estate lease book.

60. 45 Geo. III, c. 89, local and personal.

61. Keate MSS., 29 Sept. 1807, 25 March 1823, 31 March 1830.

62. Henry Mayhew, London Labour and the London Poor, 1861, vol. i, pp. 251–8, 407–10; Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 1902, 1st series, Poverty 1, pp. 68– 70.

63. Second Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 2 Aug. 1838: evidence of Rev. W. Stone, p. 103.

64. Mayhew, op. cit., p. 253.

65. Whitechapel Homes, by 'One of the Crowd' (newspaper cutting off. 1880 in the Bishops-gate Institute).

66. Homes of the Poor, by 'A Rambler' ( ibid.).

67. 38 and 39 Viet., c. 36, public; L.C.C.R.O., Scheme for the Improvement of certain Lands within the Metropolis situate in the District of Whitechapel etc., 1877.

68. P.R.O., Works 6/144/18.

70. M.L.R. 1879/24/517.

71. Ibid., 1880/3/824.

72. Ibid., 1883/27/421.

73. Scheme for the Improvement etc. (67 above).

74. M.L.R. 1886/14/815.

75. Ibid., 1886/19/380.

76. Mrs. H. O. Barnett, Canon Barnett, His Life, Work and Friends, 1918, vol. i, pp. 129–40.

77. Plans in possession of Charlwood Properties Ltd.

78. Barnett, op. cit., vol. ii, pp. 301–11; information supplied by the Industrial Dwellings Society Ltd.

79. Information supplied by the Industrial Dwellings Society Ltd.; P.O.D.

80. 14 and 15 Viet., c. 28, public.

81. The Times, 1 Sept., 3, 4 Oct. 1888. M.L.R. 1891/19/700.

82. Information supplied by the Industrial Dwellings Society Ltd., and plans in possession of Messrs. Joseph.

83. M.L.R. 1889/10/952.

84. Deeds in possession of Messrs. Malcolm, Wilson and Cobby.

85. Inscriptions.

86. P.O.D.

87. Deeds in possession of the London Labourers' Dwellings Society Ltd.

88. Keate MSS., 6 July 1905.

89. B.A. 25444.

90. ’Some Account of the Charity of Michael Yoakley’, by James Bowden, 1869, lithographed for the Trustees of Michael Yoakley's Charity (copy in possession of Messrs. Hunter of Lincoln's Inn).

CHAPTER XVIII (pp. 252–255)

Bishopsgate Railway Terminus

1. 6 and 7 William IV, c. 106, local and personal.

2. B.T.H.R., Prospectus of Eastern Counties Railway Company, 1 Dec. 1834.

3. Great Eastern Railway Magazine, vol. 3, 1913, p. 115.

4. B.T.H.R., E.C.1.3, 16, 23 Oct. 1838 (Eastern Counties Railway Company Board Minutes).

5. Ibid., 28 Feb. 1839.

6. Ibid., 19 March 1839.

7. British Railways (Eastern Region) Great Eastern deeds S/2, at Marylebone Station.

8. B.T.H.R., E.C.1.5, 6 Sept. 1842.

9. Tallis, London Street Views, N.D. Shoreditch division II.

10. The Railway Magazine by John Herapath, vol. vi, new series, 1839, p. 404.

11. B.T.H.R., E.C.1.5, 3 March 1840.

12. 2 and 3 Vict., c. 78, local and personal.

13. The Builder, 29 May 1886, pp. 795–6.

14. B.T.H.R., E.C.1.5, 17 March, 5 May 1840.

15. Ibid., 25 Nov. 1840.

16. Ibid., 22 Jan. 1841.

17. Ibid., 8 June, 5 Oct. 1841.

18. Ibid., 10 Aug. 1841, 8 Feb. 1842.

19. Ibid., 6 Sept. 1842.

20. Ibid., 11 Oct., 6 Dec. 1842, 11 April 1843.

21. The Builder, 28 Dec. 1844, p. 643.

22. Henry-Russell Hitchcock, Early Victorian Architecture in Britain, 1954, vol. i, p. 524.

23. 9 and 10 Vict., c. 258; 10 and 11 Vict., c. 147, both local and personal.

24. A Cosmoramic View of London, published by E. Wallis, June 1843.

25. The Builder, 28 Dec. 1844, pp. 638–9; A Guide to the Eastern Counties Railway, 2nd ed., printed and published by Stevenson and Matchett,Norwich, 1847 (B.M. 10358.C.25).

26. Report of the Committee of Investigation to the Shareholders of the Eastern Counties Railway Company, 1849 (B.M. 82351.50).

27. Herapath's Journal, 13 Nov. 1847.

28. B.T.H.R., E.C.1.37, 13 July 1848 (Eastern Counties Railway Traffic Committee Minutes).

29. The Builder, 22, 29 May 1886, pp. 761, 795–6.

30. Ibid., 28 Dec. 1844, pp. 638–9.

31. B.T.H.R.,E.C.1.37,17and 24 April, 1,23 May, 10 July, 1, 27 Aug. 1845.

32. The Builder, 25 Nov. 1843, p. 511.

33. Tallis's Illustrated London, in Commemoration of the Great Exhibition of 1851 ... by William Gaspey, N.D., vol. ii, p. 186.

34. London Exhibited in 1851, ed. John Weale, p. 812.

35. The Eastern Counties Railway and District . . . A Letter to the Proprietors by John Wallen etc., 1857, p. 5 (copy in B.M.).

36. B.T.H.R., G.E.1/179, 12 Dec. 1876.

37. Ibid., G.E.1/14, 11 Sept. 1878.

38. The Builder, 10 May 1879, p. 510.

39. B.T.H.R., G.E.1/165, 10 Oct. 1879.

40. The Builder, 13 March 1880, p. 312.

41. The Railway News, 29 May 1880.

42. B.T.H.R., Great Eastern Railway Company. Report of the Directors to the 37th half-yearly General Meeting, 28 Jan. 1881.

43. Ibid., Details of Expenditure on Capital Account.

44. Ibid., G.E.1/96, 17 May, 7 June, 19 July 1881; G.E. Rly. Co., Directors' Report, 29 July 1884.

45. Ibid., G.E. Rly. Co., Directors' Reports, 29 July 1884, 28 July 1885.

46. The Railway News, vol.105, p.693.

CHAPTER XIX (pp. 256–264)

Commercial Street

1. 2 and 3 Vict., c. 80, public; 3 and 4 Vict., c. 87, public.

2. 9 and 10 Vict., c. 34, public; 13 and 14 Vict., c. 109, public; 16 and 17 Vict., c. 52, public.

3. Report from Select Committee on Metropolitan Improvements, 2 Aug. 1836, p. iii.

4. Ibid., evidence of W. Cotton, 8 July 1836, pp. 27–8.

5. Ibid., evidence of Lt.-Col. J. C. Gant, 19 July 1836, pp. 43–4.

6. Second Report from Select Committee on Metropolitan Improvements, 2 Aug. 1838, p. viii.

7. Ibid., evidence of Rev. William Stone, 9 April 1838, pp. 101–4.

8. Ibid., evidence of George Otter, 9 April 1838, p. 106.

9. Fourth Report of the Commissioners . . . [for] Improving the Metropolis, 23 April 1845, p. 7.

10. Second Report etc. (6 above), evidence of Rev. William Stone, 9 April 1838, pp. 101–4, and ibid., evidence of T. Brushfield, p. 104.

11. P.R.O., Works 6/93, pp. 265–6.

12. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolitan Improvements, 27 March 1839, p. v.

13. P.R.O., Works 6/99, p. 19; D.N.B.

14. Ibid., 6/99, p. 6.

15. 2 and 3 Vict., c. 8o, public.

16. First Report from Select Committee on Metropolis Improvements, 25 June 1840, evidence of Messrs. Higgins and Jones, 25 March 1840, pp. 49–50.

17. The Builder, 1 Dec. 1866, pp. 877–8.

18. First Report etc. (16 above), evidence of Messrs. Pennethorne and Chawner, 8 April 1840, p. 62.

19. Hid., evidence of Mr. Pennethorne, 12 Feb. 1840, p. 8, and of Messrs. Pennethorne and Chawner, 4 March 1840, p. 22.

20. Ibid., evidence of Messrs. Pennethorne and Chawner, 25 March 1840, pp. 39–41.

21. Ibid., p. v.

22. 3 and 4 Viet., c. 87, public.

23. Metropolitan Improvements in The Westminster Review, July-Oct. 1841, pp. 423, 428.

24. P.R.O., Works 6/92, pp. 109, 349; The Builder, 1 April 1843, p. 90.

25. Ibid., Works 7/29–33.

26. The Builder, 1 April 1843, p. 90.

27. P.R.O., Works 6/93, p. 215.

28. Ibid., 6/94, p. 54.

29. Ibid., p. 150.

30. Ibid., p. 225.

31. The Builder, 7 Dec. 1844, p. 611.

32. P.R.O., Works 6/94, p. 276.

33. Ibid., 4, 29 Sept. 1845.

34. The Builder, n Oct. 1845, p. 488.

35. P.R.O., Works 6/96, p. 66.

36. Ibid., 6/149/3 No. 71.

37. Fourth Report etc. (9 above), p. 3.

38. Ibid., p. 9.

39. P.R.O., Works 6/95, p. 64.

40. 9 and 10 Viet., c. 34, public.

41. Hansard's Parliamentary Debates, vol. 98, pp. 931–2.

42. The Builder, 20 May 1848, p. 250.

43. P.R.O., Works 7/22–33.

44. 13 and 14 Viet., c. 109, public.

45. P.R.O., Works 6/96, p. 237.

46. Ibid., p. 240.

47. 16 and 17 Vict., c. 52, public.

48. The Builder, 26 Jan. 1856, p. 53.

49. P.R.O., Works 6/149/3 No. 19.

50. Ibid., 6/149/1 Nos. 106, 113.

51. Ibid., 6/143/9, Oct 1857–May 1859.

52. Ibid., 6/149/1 No. 195.

53. The Builder, 23 May 1857, p. 287.

54. P.R.O., Works 6/149/3 No. 29.

55. Ibid., 6/143/17 No. 23.

56. Ibid., 6/149/3.

57. The Builder, 11 Jan. 1862, p. 36.

58. P.R.O., Works 6/146/3 No. 19.

59. The Builder, 8 March 1862, p. 176; 6, 13 Feb. 1864, pp. 108, 124.

60. Percy j. Edwards, History of London Street Im provements 1855–97, 1898 P. 49.

61. 9 and 10 Vict., c. 258, local.

62. P.R.O., Works 6/143/17 Nos. 1, 28, 58.

63. Ibid., 6/146/n Nos. 1, 7.

64. Ibid., 6/95, pp. 61–2.

65. Ibid., 6/100, p. 340.

66. Ibid., 7/29H/1.

67. Ibid., 6/143/17 No. 9.

68. Ibid., 6/145/5 Nos. 7, 19).

69. Ibid., 6/146/10 Nos. 1, 3, 6, 7.

70. Ibid., 6/143/17.

71. The London Gazette, 28 Sept. 1858, p. 4283

72. M.L.R. 1860/16/300.

73. C.C., File 28529.

74. The Builder, 14 Dec. 1861, p. 867.

75. The London Gazette, 15 Sept. 1863, p. 4487.

76. The British Almanac and Almanac Companion for 1863, pp. 246–8.

77. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i,1897, pp. 140 143.

78. The Builder, 4 April 1857, p. 197; P.O.D.

79. Ibid., 16 Nov. 1861, p. 784.

80. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 29 Dec. 1859.

81. P.R.O., Works 7/29H/34; Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 140–3.

82. J. S. Bryant, The Life of the late George Peabody, 1914, pp. 1–12.

83. P.R.O., Works 6/145/3 Nos. 1, 14, 19.

84. Bryant, op. cit., p. 14.

85. The Builder, 26 Jan. 1861, p. 53.

86. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, 1864, p. 124.

87. The Builder, 23 Jan. 1864, p. 67.

88. The Building News, 28 Aug. 1863, p. 673.

89. P.R.O., Works 6/146/3 No. 1.

90. The Builder, 31 Oct. 1863, p. 777.

91. Information supplied by the Chief Architect and Surveyor to the Metropolitan Police; S.C.L.L.C, Norton Folgate Trustees' Minutes, 22 March 1876.

92. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 30 March 1870.

93. L.C.C.R.O., cuttings.

94. The Architect, 20 Jan. 1899.

95. B.A. 50169.

96. Records of Messrs. Charrington and Co. Ltd.

CHAPTER XX (pp. 265–288)

Mile End New Town

1. P.R.O., C78/1640.

2. L.P.L., Minute Book 1,16 Oct. 1711 (Committee Minutes).

3. The London Gazette, 21 May 1841, p. 1284.

4. Ibid., 29 Oct. 1875, p. 5094.

5. M.L.R. 1725/3/42.

6. Second Report of the Select Committee on Metro polis Improvements, 2 Aug. 1838; evidence of Thomas Brushfield, p. 104.

7. Guildhall Library, MSS. 3047/2, 3, Tylers’ and Bricklayers' Company Search Books.

8. S.C.L.L.C., prints box 070, newspaper cut ting.

9. Deeds relating to St. Anne's Church etc., bundle10.

10. M.L.R. 1719/2/148–50 .

11. L.C.C.R.O., Tower Hamlets Commissioners of Sewers Minutes, 11 April 1717.

12. G.E.C.

13. P.C.C. 578 Rockingham.

14. Deeds relating to St. Anne's Church etc., bundle 7.

15. M.L.R. 1733/2/325; 1733/4/10; 1734/1/282.

16. Ibid., 1727/2/57.

17. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, East London, 1930, p. 100b.

18. M.L.R. 1726/4/336.

19. Ibid., 1734/1/282.

20. Ibid., 1725/2/59; 1731/4/48; 1721/4/20; I727/5/I55–6 ; 1726/3/118.

21. Ibid., 1733/2/325.

22. Ibid., 1731/5/532.

23. Ibid., 1725/2/253–4 ; 1724/4/266; 1723/3/472.

24. Ibid., 1723/2/255.

25. Ibid., 1725/4/229.

26. The Wren Society , vol. xvin, 1941, pp. 17–18, 25.

27. M.L.R. 1714/2/92.

28. Gascoine's map.

29. M.L.R. 1740/4/1/321–2 .

30. Ibid., 1740/4/2/652.

31. Ibid., 1740/4/1/251–2 .

32. Ibid., 1727/3/214.

33. Ibid., 1719/2/216.

34. Ibid., 1721/3/191.

35. Ibid., 1809/4/159.

36. Deeds of Miss E. Schutz.

37. 9and 10 Vict., c. 258,localand personal.

38. M.B.O., District Surveyors' Returns.

39. R.B.

40. Ibid., and M.B.O., District Surveyors’ Returns.

41. Deeds of the Metropolitan Association.

42. P.R.O., C54/14620.

43. 20 Geo. Ill, c. 66, public.

44. M.L.R. 1784/1/21.

45. Deeds relating to St. Anne's Church etc., bundles 7, 8.

46. M.L.R. 1839/2/29.

47. C.C., File 20854.

48. The Civil Engineer and Architect's Journal, vol. ill, 1840, p. 39.

49. Dictionary of Architecture, issued by the Archi tectural Publication Society; D.N.B.

50. C.C., Files 20854, 49486/4.

51. William Tallack, Peter Bedford, Spitalfields Philanthropist, 1865, pp. 26–30; and see D.N.B.

52. P.R.O., C54/12511.

53. Tallack, loc. cit.

54. Report of the Committee for Managing the School on the British System in Spicer Street, Spitalfields, 1816, pp. 5–6 (copy in Bishopsgate Institute).

55. But see Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 36–8 .

56. L.C.C.R.O., Scrapbook of Rev. J. B. Rust.

57. Rev. W. Salmon, A Short History of the Parish, 1950: Centenary booklet.

58. The London Gazette, 3 Jan. 18 51, p. 2.

59. Alexander Rottman, London Catholic Churches, 1926, p. 191.

60. R.I.B.A. Library, H. S. Goodhart-Rendel's index.

61. M.B.O., Approvals of Third Class Buildings, vol. 29, pp. 57–62 .

62. Ibid., vol. 31, pp. 97–107 ; and Cases of Special Supervision, vol. 84, pp. 55–75 .

63. The Builder, 1858, p. 252.

64. Deeds relating to St. Anne's Church etc., bundles 7, 8; R.B.

65. Ibid., bundle 8.

66. P.O.D.

67. Deeds relating to St. Anne's, plan on deed of 7 May 18 51.

68. The Builder, 1864, p. 660.

69. The London Gazette, 16 Feb. 1872, p. 604.

70. Annual Reports of the Association.

71. The Builder, 1847, p. 16.

72. P.R.O., Works 6/95.

73. M.L.R. 1849/7/565.

74. The Builder, 1848, pp. 387–8 .

75. Ibid., 1845, pp. 220–1 .

76. Ibid., 1848, p. 124.

77. Ibid., 1848, p. 575.

78. Ibid., 1849, p. 589.

79. H. Roberts, The Dwellings of the Labouring Classes, 1867 ed., p. 15.

80. H. Roberts, The Progress and Present Aspect of the Movement for Improving the Dwellings of the Labouring Classes, 1860, p. 6.

81. The Builder, 1849, p. 2 3 8.

82. Ibid., 1854, p. n 1.

83. Ibid., 1854, p. 29.

84. Ibid., 1866, p. 494; Annual Reports of the Association.

85. Ibid., 1845, p. 1.

86. Survey of London, vol. xxvi, 1956, pp. 34–6.

87. Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, East London, 1930, p. 100b, and unpublished notes in the possession of the Commission.

88. Deeds of Messrs. Brown and Woolnough.

89. Deeds of Mr. A. Petrie; R.B.

90. P.R.O., C54/3307 No. 32.

91. M.L.R. 1725/3/42.

92. 12 and 13 Vict., c. 24, private.

93. 20 Geo. III, c. 66, public.

94. M.L.R. 1719/5/207.

95. Ibid., 1721/2/302.

96. Ibid., 1721/6/169.

97. Ibid., 1724/5/65.

98. Ibid., 1730/1/216; 1728/6/127.

99. Ibid., 1729/1/237.

100. Ibid., 1727/2/92.

101. Ibid., 1736/2/22.

102. Ibid., 1744/1/144.

103. Ibid., 1733/2/325.

104. Ibid., 1737/1/46.

105. Ibid., 1731/2/351.

106. Ibid., 1744/1/144.

107. Ibid., 1744/3/432–3.

108. L.C.C.R.O., B.R.A.513/45.

109. M.L.R. 1776/1/354.

110. Ibid., 1757/3/127; 1758/4/576.

111. P.C.C. 211 Collins, will of Sir Benjamin Truman.

112. Theodore Compton, Recollections of Spitalfields, 1894, p. 16.

113. 27 and 28 Vict., c. 268, local.

114. The London Gazette, 23 April 1872, pp. 1989–1990.

115. Parchment found under foundation stone, now in Christ Church vestry safe.

116. Mackeson's London Church Guide, 1894–5.

117. C.C., File 49486/4.

118. Charles Booth, Life and Labour of the People in London, 1902, 3rd series, vol. ii, pp. 16–17.

119. Daniel Lysons, The Environs of London, Supplement, 1811, p. 292.

120. Ibid., vol. iii, 1795, p. 445; Rev. William Tyler, Mile End New Town Chapel, 1861 (pamphlet in the possession of the Rev. C. E. Surman of the Congregational Historical Society).

121. Tyler, op. cit. (120 above), and Lysons, Supplement (119 above), loc. cit.

122. Tyler, op. cit. (120 above).

123. Lysons, op. cit., vol. iii, 1795, p. 445.

124. The Congregational Tear Book, 1846, p. 176.

125. Protestant Dissenters' Almanac, 1810.

126. The Evangelical Magazine, Supplement, 1831, PP. 572–3; Oct. 1836, pp. 435–8.

127. The Congregational Tear Book, 1892, pp. 201–2.

128. Ibid., 1862, pp. 313–15.

129. The Builder, 1860, p. 792.

130. The Congregational Tear Book, 1862, pp. 313–15; 1863, pp. 337–8.

131. Booth, op. cit. (118 above), pp. 18–19.

132. Information supplied by the Rev. C. E. Surman of the Congregational Historical Society.

133. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i, 1897, pp. 576–577.

134. Lysons, op. cit., Supplement, 1811, p. 306.

135. Endowed Charities, op. cit., pp. 579–80.

136. M.B.O., Approvals of Third Class Buildings, vol. 21, pp. 155–61; and Cases of Special Supervision, vol. 71, pp. 161–75.

137. Ibid., vol. 33, pp. 19–27.

138. L.S.B. Minutes, 24 Jan. 1872.

139. Ibid., 18 Oct. 1900; 9 May 1901; 2 April 1903.

140. Modern London, 1805 (printed for Richard Phillips), Appendix.

141. L.C.C. Members' Library, Robinson's MS. History of Stepney, vol. i, p. 397.

142. Pigot's Directory.

143. Endowed Charities, London, vol. i. 1897, pp. 700–701.

144. The Builder, 1871, pp. 566–7, where there is a plan and elevation.

145. P.R.O., C54/15451.

146. The Builder, 1853, p. 364; M.B.O. Cases of Special Supervision, vol. 82, pp. 670–89. See also the plan in M.B.O., Approval of Third Class Buildings, vol. 31, pp. 202–12.

147. L.S.B. Minutes, 15 May 1872.

148. Booth, op. cit. (118 above), pp. 19–24.

149. L.S.B. Minutes, 2 Nov. 1893, 27 Feb. 1896; L.C.C. Architect's plans.

150. M.L.R. 1745/1/91.

151. S.C.L.L.C, Hamlet of Spitalfields Minutes, 14 July 1677.

152. Ibid., April 1726.

153. M.L.R. 1728/3/320.

154. Ibid., 1735/5/152.

155. New Remarks of London by the Company of Parish Clerks, 1732, pp. 189–93.

156. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 8 March 1743/4.

157. Ibid., 13 Dec. 1752.

158. 26 Geo. II, c. 98, public.

159. L.C.C.R.O., Acc. 56.82; L.C.C. Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds of St. Peter's Hospital.

160. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 4 Sept. 1754.

161. M.C.R.O., Register of Building Affidavits.

162. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 28 Feb. 1775.

163. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 30 Jan. 1782.

164. 18 Geo. III, c. 74, public.

165. 24 Geo. III, c. 60, public.

166. 37 Geo. III, c. 79, public.

167. L.C.C. Legal and Parliamentary Dept., deeds of St. Peter's Hospital.

168. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 10, 17 April 1801.

169. Christ Church vestry safe, Vestry Minutes, 5 April 1798.

170. Report and Minutes of Evidence of the Select Committee on the Poor Laws, 1817. Heaver's evidence.

171. S.C.L.L.C, Vestry Minutes, 2 Feb. 1837, 29 June 1838.

172. Ibid., 10 April 1837.

173. Ibid., 17 Dec. 1829, 24 May 1833.

174. Ibid., 25 Nov. 1842, 30 June, 17 Nov. 1843.

175. Reports of Commissioners, 1850: Report of Dr. Arthur Farre and Mr. Grainger to the General Board of Health, 26 March 1849, on 38 Metropolitan Workhouses, pp. 42–7.

176. L.C.C.R.O., Whitechapel Board of Guardians Minutes, 9 Oct. 1855, 19 Aug. 1856, 9 March 1858, and newspaper cutting stuck into the minute book.

177. The Builder, 1858, p. 640.

178. T.P. 24017.

179. O.S. map.

180. Horwood's maps.

181. Deeds of Mr. A. Petrie.

182. Deeds of Messrs. Trower, Still and Keeling.

APPENDIX (pp. 289–296)

Craftsmen's Accounts for the building of Christ Church

1. L.P.L., Book of Works I, mason's bill 1717.

2. Ibid., 1718–19.

3. Ibid., Book of Works II, mason's bill 1723–4.

4. Ibid., Contracts I, pp. 12, 17.

5. Ibid., p. 33.



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