General history
Gentlemen's seats, forests and deer parks

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Daniel and Samuel Lysons

Year published

1822

Pages

226-231

Citation Show another format:

'General history: Gentlemen's seats, forests and deer parks', Magna Britannia: volume 6: Devonshire (1822), pp. CCXXVI-CCXXXI. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50556 Date accessed: 28 July 2014.


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Gentlemen's Seats.

Name of the Seat. Parish. Owners or Occupiers.
Alston Malborough Abraham Hawkins, Esq.
Ambrook Ipplepen Mr. William Neyle.
Annery Monkleigh William Tardrew, Esq.
West Anstey Willoughby Bryant Stawell, Esq.
Arlington Jo. Palmer Chichester, Esq.
Ash Iddesleigh Hugh Malet, Esq.
Ashbury John Morth Woollcombe, Esq.
Ashprington Major-General Adams.
Beechwood Plympton Richard Rosdew, Esq.
Bellair Heavitree G. A. Rhodes, Esq.
Bellvue Plymstock Mrs. Bulteel.
Bickham Kenne Mrs. Short.
Blackhall North Huish Hubert Cornish, Esq.
Bluehayes Broad Clist Lieutenant-Colonel Lang
Borough Northam Vice-Admiral Barton.
Bowden Ashprington Mrs. Adams.
Bowringsleigh West Allington Rev. Roope Ilbert.
Bradfield Uffculme William Henry Walrond, Esq.
Bradford Witheridge Rev. W. P. Thomas.
Bradley Highweek Rev. Thomas Lane.
Bremridge Sandford Richard Melhuish, Esq.
Bridwell Halberton John Were Clarke, Esq.
Brookhill Broad Clist Lieutenant-General Thomas.
Buckland Braunton Henry Webber, Esq.
Buckland Filleigh Jo. Inglett Fortescue, Esq.
Buckland in the Moor Mrs. Bastard.
Buckland Toussaints William Clarke, Esq.
Burrington Tithing of Weston Peverell John Were Clarke, Esq.
Bystock Colyton Raleigh Edward Divett, Esq.
Calverleigh Charles Chichester, Esq.
Canonleigh Burlescombe Thomas Browne, Esq., (unoccupied).
Castlepark Lifton William Arundell Harris, Esq.
Chaddlewood Plympton William Hales Symons, Esq.
Churston Ferrers In the occupation of Hon. George Vernon.
Cleve St. Thomas Thomas Northmore, Esq.
Cockington Rev. Roger Mallock.
Cockwood Dawlish Rev. Dr. Drury.
Cofflete Yealmton Rev. Thomas Lane.
Coham Black Torrington Rev. William Holland Coham.
Coleridge Stokenham Michael Allen, Esq., (unoccupied).
Collipriest Tiverton James Hay, Esq., (unoccupied).
Combe Gittisham Rev. Thomas Putt.
Combe Colebrooke John Sillifant, Esq.
Combe Royal West Allington John Luscombe Luscombe, Esq.
Combe Sacheville Silverton Mrs. Brown.
Coryton Kilmington William Tucker, Esq.
Cowley Brampford Speke Mrs. Wells.
Cross Little Torrington Thomas Stevens, Esq.
Daddon Bideford Lewis William Buck, Esq.
Dallamore Cornwood Treby Hele Hayes, Esq.
Dartington Mrs. Champernowne.
Deerpark Buckerell A. L. Shuldham, Esq.
Derriford Egg Buckland J. C. Langmead, Esq.
Doniton Swimbridge Vice-Admiral Bury.
Downes Crediton James Buller, Esq.
Dowrish Sandford Mrs. Arabella Morgan.
Dunsland Bradford Occasionally inhabited by the Rev. W. Holland Coham.
Durrant Northam J. S. Ley, Esq.
Eastdon Dawlish Richard Eales, Esq.
Eastleigh Westleigh Rev. John Torr.
Ebberley Roborough Henry Hole, Esq.
Edgecumbe Milton Abbot Richard Edgecumbe, Esq.
Edginswell St. Mary Church Rev. A. Neck.
Little Efford Egg Buckland Occupied by John Williams, Esq.
Eggesford Honourable Newton Fellowes.
Elfordleigh Plympton William Langmead, Esq.
Fallopit East Allington E. N. W. Fortescue, Esq.
Farringdon J. B. Cholwich, Esq.
Foleton Totnes Late Edward Cary, Esq.
Ford Woolborough Belongs to Lord Courtenay; in the occupation of Ayshford Wise, Esq.
Ford Abbey Thorncombe John Fraunceis Gwyn, Esq.
Fowelscombe Ugborough John King, Esq.
Franklyn St. Thomas Late John Jones, Esq.
Fremington G. A. Barbor, Esq.
Fuge Blackauton Late Charles Hayne, Esq.
Fulford House Dunsford Baldwin Fulford, Esq.
Fulford Park Shobrooke and Crediton R. H. Tuckfield, Esq.
Fursdon Cadbury John Sydenham Fursdon, Esq.
Gatcombe Little Hempston Mrs. Cornish.
Gnaton Newton Ferrers Henry Roe, Esq.
Goodamore Plympton George Treby Treby, Esq.
Grange Broad Hembury William Drewe, Esq.
Greenofen Whitechurch George Drake, Esq.
Greenway Brixham John Marwood Elton, Esq.
Hall Bishop's Tawton Charles Chichester, Esq.
Halsdon Dolton Rev. P. W. Furse.
Ham Weston Peverell Tithing George Collins, Esq.
Hampton St. Mary Church T. W. France, Esq.
Hartland Abbey Hartland Mrs. Orchard.
Hayne Plymtree Rev. Charles Harward.
Hayne Stowford Isaac Harris, Esq.
Hembury Fort Buckerell Admiral R. Graves, (unoccupied).
Hemerdon Plympton George Woollcombe, Esq.
Hillersdon Collumpton John Laxon Swete, Esq.
Hockworthy Charles Webster, Esq.
Holcombe Rogus Peter Bluett, Esq.
Holwell South Milton Rev. H. A. Gilbert.
Holystreet Chagford J. R. Southmead, Esq.
Horsewell South Milton Peter Ilbert, Esq.
Huntsham Rev. Dr. Troyte.
Ingleborne Harberton R. Brown, Esq.
Ipplepen George Drake, Esq.
Kelly Arthur Kelly, Esq.
Kitley Yealmton Edmund Pollexfen Bastard, Esq. M. P.
Langdon Wembury Mrs. Calmady.
Langley High Bickington George Smith, Esq.
Larkbear Tallaton Rev. Thomas Clack.
Leawood Bridestowe Calmady Pollexfen Hamlyn, Esq.
Leigham Egg Buckland Addis Archer, Esq.
Lew Trenchard William Baring Gould, Esq.
Lindridge Bishop's Teignton Rev. John Templer.
Loventor Berry Pomeroy Mrs. — Baker.
Ludbrook Ermington Rev. N. A. Bartlett.
Lupton Brixham J. Buller Yarde Buller, Esq.
Luscombe Dawlish Charles Hoare, Esq.
Lymouth Linton John Lock, Esq.
Manadon Tithing of Weston Peverell Lately Mrs. Waldron, now Lady Elford, at present unoccupied.
Marpool Withecombe Raleigh William Hull, Esq.
Marridge Ugborough Unoccupied.
Marwood C. Cutcliffe, Esq., occupied by Rev. William Mules.
Montrath House Broad Hembury Mrs. Walrond.
Cruwys Morchard Mrs. Sharland.
Mothecombe Holbeton Belongs to Henry Legassick, Esq., occupied by Mrs. Harris.
Moult Malborough William Jackson, Esq.
Mount Boone Townstall John Seale, Esq.
Mount Ebford Woodbury Thomas Huckell Lee, Esq.
Mount Tavy Tavistock John Carpenter, Esq.
Netheway Brixham J. F. Luttrell, Esq.
Newcourt Topsham John Bawden Cresswell, Esq.
Newenham Plympton George Strode, Esq.
Newplace King's Nympton John Buller, Esq.
Newton-house Newton St. Cyres John Quicke, Esq.
Norton Churchstow John Hawkins, Esq.
Oaklands Oakhampton Albany Savile, Esq. M. P.
West Ogwell P. J. Taylor, Esq.
Orleigh Buckland Brewer John Hanning, Esq.
Oxton Kenton John Beaumont Swete, Esq.
Park Bovey Tracey George Hunt Clapp, Esq.
Peamore Exminster Samuel Kekewich, Esq.
Pickwell Georgeham Untenanted.
Petticombe Monkleigh Miss Saltren.
Porthill Northam Sir R. G. Keats, occupied by Thomas Smith, Esq.
Portledge Alwington Richard Pine Coffin, Esq.
Postlinch, or Puslinch Newton Ferrers John Yonge, Esq.
Pound Buckland Monachorum Sir Herbert Sawyer, K. C. B.
Primley Paignton Rev. Finney Belfield.
Priory Pilton John Whyte, Esq.
Radford Plymstock John Harris, Esq.
Retreat Topsham Alexander Hamilton Hamilton, Esq.
Rhode Uplime Sir John Talbot, K. B.
Rockbeare Thomas Porter, Esq.
Mrs. Bidgood.
Sadborough Thorncombe J. Bragg, Esq.
Sandridge Stoke Gabriel (Lord Ashburton,) occupied by R. W. Newman, Esq.
Sandwell Harberton J. Bennet, Esq.
Satterleigh Henry Byne, Esq.
Scobell South Pool Thomas Cornish, Esq.
Sharpham Ashprington John Bastard, Esq., M. P.
Shaugh Luppit Rev. James Bernard.
Sheephay St. Mary Church Rev. William Kitson.
Shilston Modbury Christopher Savery, Esq.
Sidbury house Sidbury Robert Hunt, Esq.
Slade Cornwood John Spurrell Pode, Esq.
Sorteridge Whitechurch Rev. Henry Pengelly.
Speechwick Widdecomb-in-the-Moor Lord Ashburton, on lease to George Leach, Esq.
Spreydon Broad Clist Aaron Moore, Esq.
Stedcombe, or Stutcombe Axmouth John Hallet, Esq.
Stokehill Heavitree Joseph Sanders, Esq.
Stokeley Stokenham Lydstone Newman, Esq.
Stover Lodge Teigngrace George Templer, Esq.
Stoodley J. N. Fazakerley, Esq., M. P.
Sydenham Marystow J. H. Tremayne, Esq.
Tapelegh Westleigh A. Saltren Willett, Esq., (unoccupied).
Tidwell East Budleigh Mrs. Edye, now or lately occupied by — Fisher, Esq.
West Timewell Morebath Mrs. Bere.
Tor Abbey Tor Mohun George Cary, Esq., occupied by R. Peel, Esq.
Tor Royal Lidford Sir Thomas Tyrwhitt.
Tothill Charles, Plymouth Mrs. Culme.
Trehill Kenne Henry Ley, Esq.
Trowbridge Crediton John Yarde, Esq., the property of his niece.
Umberleigh Atherington John Davie Basset, Esq.
Upland Tamerton Foliot Jonathan Elford, Esq.
Upton Brixham George Cutler, Esq.
Warleigh Tamerton Foliot Rev. Walter Radcliffe.
Watermouth Berry Narbor Joseph Davie Basset, Esq.
Watton Court Stoke Gabriel Henry Studdy, Esq.
Way Chagford John Coniam, Esq.
Westcott Rockbear Rev. John Elliot.
Weston Branscombe Barnaby John Stuckey Bartlett, Esq.
Whitleigh St. Budock Edward Henry Gennys, Esq.
Wibbery Alverdiscott John Mervin Cutcliffe, Esq.
Widdecombe Stokenham Arthur Holdsworth, Esq.
Widey Egg Buckland Henry Anderson Morshead, Esq.
Wimpston Modbury William L. Prettyjohn, Esq.
Winscot Petrockstow Thomas Stevens, Esq.
Winslade St. Mary Clist — Porter, Esq.
Wiscombe Park Southleigh Charles Gordon, Esq.
Wolford Lodge Dunkeswell Mrs. Simcoe.
Wood Woodleigh John Luscombe Luscombe, Esq.
Woodovis Tavistock Jonas Morgan, Esq.
Woolston Loddiswell George F. Wise, Esq.
Yeotown Goodleigh R. N. Incledon, Esq.
Yeo Vale Alwington Rev. Thomas Hooper Morrison.
Zephyr Lodge Tiverton Philip Blundell, Esq.

Among the seats of the ancient gentry, of which but few traces remain, are, Afton Castle, the seat of the Aftons, and afterwards of the Stucleys; Bradstone, of the Cloberrys; Gidley Castle, of the Prous family; Mohuns Ottery, of the Carews; and Pinhoe, of the Cheyneys. Among those which remain, or did lately remain, in a dilapidated state, and mostly occupied as farm-houses, may be reckoned the following:

Decayed Mansions.
Names of the Seats. Parishes. Families, to whom they belonged.
Rashleigh Wemworthy Rashleigh, and afterwards Clotworthy.
Sand Sidbury Huyshe.
Santon Braunton Lutterell.
Spridlestone Brixton Fortescue.
Totley Black Torrington Davels, afterwards Harris.
Weare Gifford Fortescue.
Yarty Membury Frye.

Forests and Deer-Parks.

The ancient and extensive forest of Dartmoor is in this county (fn. 1) , and that of Exmoor is generally described as partly in Devonshire; but I am assured from good authority, that although very extensive commons adjoining to the forest, and scarcely separated from it by any visible boundaries, are in this county, yet the whole of the forest is in Somersetshire.

The only park described as existing in Devonshire, at the time of the Domesday survey, is that of Winkleigh, not noticed in any later account. The peregrination of Dr. Boorde, in the reign of Henry VIII. (fn. 2) , mentions parks at Umberley, Testock, (most probably Tavistock,) Mownsatro, (Mohun's Ottery); Colriche; Chymley, (Chulmleigh); Chilitilton, (Chittlehampton); Whitchurch, Colcombe, Coliton, Shute, Wiscan, (Wiscombe); Kirklake, Kirton, (Crediton); Glyst, (Clist); Tyverton, alias Goodbere, Ashley, Afton, Okington, (Oakhampton); and Caadley, (Calwodley).

Westcote observes that there were in his time "some few parks remaining of the great store our fathers could speak of;" he mentions old parks at Annery, Inwardleigh, Brightleigh, Filleigh, and two at Tiverton. Dr. Boorde speaks of but one; and those at Annery, &c., are omitted by him. I find mention also of some ancient parks, not occurring in either list. The Earl of Cornwall had a park at Braneys, (Bradninch); the abbot of Hartland had two; the Bottreaux family had one at Molland, the Cogans one at Uffculme, the Crockers one at Lyneham, the Pollards one at King's Nympton, and Sir Thomas Brown one in the parish of Langtree; Sergeant Hele made a park at Wembury in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. There was a park at Ashton, the seat of the Chudleighs. The present deer-parks in the county are:

Werrington belonging to the Duke of Northumberland.
Castlehill Earl Fortescue.
Mount Edgecumbe Earl of Mount Edgecumbe.
Heanton Lord Clinton.
Ugbrook Lord Clifford.
Bicton and Stevenstone Lord Rolle.
Eggesford Honourable Newton Fellowes.
Killerton Sir T. D. Acland, Bart.
Shute Sir W. T. Pole, Bart.
Poltimore Sir C. Bampfylde, Bart.
Creedy Sir John Davie, Bart.
Youlston Sir A. Chichester, Bart.
Clovelly Sir James Hamlyn Williams, Bart.
Great Fulford Baldwin Fulford, Esq.
Fulford Park R. H. Tuckfield, Esq.
Newnham George Strode, Esq.
Ogwell P. J. Taylor, Esq.
Whyddon Edward Seymour Bayley, Esq.

Red deer, ferœ naturœ, the remains of the inhabitants of the royal forest of Exmoor, still abound in sufficient quantities in the Devonshire woods, south of the forest, as well as in those of Somersetshire, to yield sport to the neighbouring nobility and gentry. A stag hunt has been for many years kept up in this vicinity. The hounds were formerly kept by Mr. Dyke, of Somersetshire, whose heiress married Sir Thomas Acland's grandfather, and afterwards by the Aclands. After the death of the late Sir Thomas Acland, they were kept for a while by Mr. Basset. After this, they were kept for several years by Lord Fortescue, at Castlehill, who, about three years ago, made them over to R. Lucas, Esq., of Baronshill, in Somersetshire. The average number of deer killed in a season has been about 10 stags, and about double that number of hinds. (fn. 3) Marshall, in his "Rural Œconomy of the Western Counties," observes, that wild deer abounded in the woods of the west of Devon; but that through the good offices of the Duke of Bedford, the country was then (about 1795) nearly free from them.

Footnotes

1 See more of Dartmoor, p. 314. of the Parochial History.
2 MS. in the British Museum.
3 From the information of Lord Fortescue, who has obligingly furthered my researches in Devon in various ways.