General history
Civil and ecclesiastical divisions

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Daniel and Samuel Lysons

Year published

1816

Pages

28-31

Citation Show another format:

'General history: Civil and ecclesiastical divisions', Magna Britannia: volume 4: Cumberland (1816), pp. XXVIII-XXXI. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50661 Date accessed: 24 July 2014.


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Division of the County, Civil and Ecclesiastical.

The county of Cumberland has from an early period been divided into five districts, called Wards, a term peculiar to the border counties. These wards have always been distinguished by their present names, the Wards of Allerdale above Derwent; Allerdale below Derwent; Cumberland-Ward, Leath-Ward, and Eskdale-Ward.

The ecclesiastical jurisdiction of Carlisle, and a circuit of 15 miles round, was given to St. Cuthbert, Bishop of Durham, and his successors, by King Egfrid, in 685. In the year 1133, King Henry I. erected Carlisle into a see; giving its bishops the jurisdiction of the greater part of Cumberland and Westmorland. The ward of Allerdale above Derwent, is in the diocese of Chester, which see was erected by King Henry VIII. in 1541. The parish of Alston-moor is in the diocese of Durham, and that of OverDenton, is said to have been formerly in the same diocese. There is only one archdeacon under the see of Carlisle, who is styled archdeacon of Carlisle.

In the Liber Regis, that part of Cumberland which is within the see of Carlisle, is divided into only two deaneries, Allerby, Alnedale or Allerdale, and Carlisle; there are now three deaneries, Carlisle, Penrith, and Wigton, and it appears by Mr. T. Denton's MS. that this division had taken place before 1686. The deanery of Carlisle includes the whole of Cumberland and Eskdale wards, except Wigton and Kirkbride; the deanery of Wigton comprises those parishes and the whole ward of Allerdale below Derwent. The deanery of Penrith includes the whole of Leath-Ward except Alstonmoor, which is in the diocese of Durham and deanery of Corbrigg. Camden, on the authority of Wolsey's list, gives the number of parishes in this county as 58. Many chapelries have since that time been deemed parishes. Mr. T. Denton makes the number of parishes 108, including Ennerdale, Eskdale, and Loweswater, which are still deemed chapelries of St. Bees; Cockermouth, Embleton, and Lorton, which are esteemed chapelries to Brigham; and Flimby, but omitting the depopulated parishes of Carlatton and Kirk Cambock.

The following table, which makes the number of parishes 104, corresponds with Nicolson and Burn, except that they treat of Over and Nether-Denton as one parish.

Flimby has been by some esteemed extra-parochial, by others a member of Holme-Cultram. Nicolson and Burn esteem it as a chapel of Camerton, and it is so called in the Liber Regis.

Table of Parishes. (fn. 1)
Ward. Deanery. Chapels.
Addingham Vicarage Leath Penrith
Aikton Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
Ainstable Vicarage Leath Penrith
(fn. 2) Alston-moor Vicarage Leath Corbrigg Garragill.
Allhallows Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
(fn. 1) Arlochden Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Arthuret Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
Aspatria Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Bassenthwaite Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Hawes.
Beaumont Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
*St. Bees Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland Ennerdale.
Eskdale.
Hensingham.
Loweswater.
Wasdale-head.
Nether-Wasdale.
White-haven St. Nicholas.
Trinity.
St. James.
Bewcastle Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
Bolton Rectory Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
(fn. 1) Bootle Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Bowness Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
Brampton Vicarage Eskdale Carlisle Brampton town.
Bridekirk Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
(fn. 1) St. Bride Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
(fn. 1) Brigham Vicarage Allerdale above Derwent Copeland Cockermouth.
Setmurthy.
Buttermere.
Embleton.
Lorton.
Mosser.
Wythorp.
Bromfield Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Allonby.
Burgh on the Sands Vicarage Cumberland Carlisle
Caldbeck Rectory Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Camerton Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Flimby.
Cross-Canonby Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Maryport.
Carlatton (the church in ruins) Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Carlisle St. Mary Curacy Cumberland Carlisle Wreay.
— St. Cuthbert Curacy
Castle-Carrock Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
(fn. 1) Cleator Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
* Corney Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Croglin Rectory Leath Penrith
Crosby Vicarage Eskdale Carlisle
Crosthwaite Vicarage Allerdale above Derwent, and Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Borrowdale.
St. John.
Newland.
Thornthwaite.
Wythbourn.
Cumrew Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Cumwhitton Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Dacre Vicarage Leath Penrith
Dalston Vicarage Cumberland Carlisle Highhead called in the Liber Regis Ivegill.
* Dean Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Dearham Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Over-Denton Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Nether-Denton Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
* Distington Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
* Drigg Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Edenhall Vicarage Leath Penrith
* Egremont Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Farlam Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Gilcrux Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
* Gosforth Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Greystock Rectory Leath Penrith Matterdale.
Mungrisdale.
Threlkeld.
Water-Millock
Grinsdale Curacy Cumberland Carlisle
* Hale Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
* Harrington Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Hayton Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Hesket Curacy Leath Fenrith Armathwaite.
Holme-Cultram Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton Newton-Arlosh dilapidated.
Skinburness demolished.
Hutton Rectory Leath Penrith Bramwra chapel demolished.
* St. Johns Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Ireby Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Irthington Vicarage Eskdale Carlisle
* Irton Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Isel Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Kirk-Andrews on Eden Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
Kirk-Andrews on Esk Rectory Eskdale Carlisle Nichol-Forest.
Kirk-Bampton Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
Kirk-Bride Rectory Cumberland Wigton
Kirk-Cambock Curacy Eskdale Carlisle Church in ruins.
Kirkland Vicarage Leath Penrith Culgaith.
Kirk-Linton Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
Kirk-Oswald Vicarage Leath Penrith
* Lamplugh Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Lanercost Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Langwathby Vicarage Leath Penrith
Lazonby Vicarage Leath Penrith Plumpton.
Melmerby Rectory Leath Penrith
* Millom Vicarage Allerdale above Derwent Copeland Thwaites.
Ulpha.
* Moresby Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
* Muncaster Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Newton-Regny Curacy Leath Penrith
Orton Rectory Cumberland Carlisle
Ousby Rectory Leath Penrith
Penrith Vicarage Leath Penrith
Plumbland Rectory Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
* Ponsonby Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Renwick Curacy Leath Penrith
Rockliffe Curacy Cumberland Carlisle
Great-Salkeld Rectory Leath Penrith
Scaleby Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
Seburgham Curacy Cumberland Carlisle
Skelton Rectory Leath Penrith
Castle-Sowerby Vicarage Leath Penrith Raughton-head.
Stanwix Vicarage Cumberland and Eskdale Carlisle
Stapleton Rectory Eskdale Carlisle
Thursby Vicarage Cumberland Carlisle
Torpenhow Vicarage Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Uldale Rectory Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
* Waberthwaite Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Walton Curacy Eskdale Carlisle
Warwick Curacy Cumberland and Eskdale Carlisle
Westward Curacy Allerdale below Derwent Wigton
Wetheral Curacy Cumberland and Eskdale Carlisle
* Whicham Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
* Whitbeck Curacy Allerdale above Derwent Copeland
Wigton Vicarage Cumberland Wigton
* Workington Rectory Allerdale above Derwent Copeland Clifton.

Footnotes

1 The parishes marked with an asterisk are in the diocese of Chester.
2 This parish is in the diocese of Durham.