GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS (fn. 1)
Abacus. The uppermost division of a capital.
Almuce or Amess. Fur cape with hood, and long tails in front.
Apse. The semicircular or polygonal end of a chancel or other part
of a church.
Arcade. A range of arches carried on piers or columns.
Architrave. An ornamental moulding to the jambs and head of a
doorway or window.
Arris. A sharp edge or corner.
Ashlar. Masonry wrought to an even face and square edges.
Aumbry. A locker or small cupboard cut or built in a wall.
Base. The lower part of a pillar or wall.
Battlemented. With an indented parapet.
Bay. A principal compartment or division in the architectural
arrangement of a building.
Bead. A small round moulding.
Bench. A low stone seat on the inside of a wall.
Billet. A short roll inserted at intervals in a hollow moulding
Boss. A projecting ornament at the intersection of the ribs of a vault
or panelled ceiling.
Canopy. A projection or hood over a door or window; the covering
above a tomb or niche.
Capital or Cap. The head of a column.
Chamfer. The small plane when a sharp edge is cut away.
Chantry. An endowment to provide for the chanting of memorial
Chevron. Inverted V-shaped moulding.
Clearstorey or Clerestory. An open story or range of windows
immediately below the roof.
Cloister. A covered way round a quadrangle.
Compound or Engaged Piers. When two or more are united together.
Coping. The covering course of a wall or parapet.
Corbel. A projecting stone or piece of timber supporting a superincumbent weight.
Cornice. The horizontal moulded projection encircling the top of
Credence. A shelf, niche, or table on which the vessels for Holy
Communion are placed.
Crest, Cresting. An ornamental finish on the top edge of a screen.
Crockets. Projecting conventional leaves used to enrich the sloping
sides of a building or arch.
Cusps. The projecting points in Gothic window and other tracery.
Dogtooth ornament. Consists of a series of pyramidal flowers of
four petals in hollow mouldings (late twelfth and thirteenth
Escutcheon. A shield charged with armorial bearings.
Feretory. A place or chamber for the relics of saints.
Finial. A formal bunch of foliage or similar ornament at the top of
a pinnacle, gable, canopy, &c.
Foil (as trefoil, quatrefoil, &c.). A leaf-shaped curve caused by the
cusping or feathering in an opening or panel.
Foliated (of a capital, corbel, &c.). Carved with leaf ornament.
Frieze. A band beneath a cornice.
Groined Vault. One vault crossed at an angle by another.
Impost. The horizontal moulding on the top of a pilaster or corbel
from which an arch springs.
Jambs. The sides of an archway, doorway, window, or other opening.
Joggle. Relating to the fitting of stones together.
King Post. The central vertical post in a roof truss.
Label (hoodmold, dripstone). A projecting moulding on the face of
a wall above an arch.
Morse. A large clasp fastening a cope.
Mullion. A vertical post dividing a window into two or more lights.
Neck-moulding. The narrow moulding at the bottom of a capital.
Newel. The central post in a circular staircase.
Ogee. A compound curve of two parts, one convex, the other concave;
a double ogee or Ressaunt is formed by two ogees meeting at their
Oriel Window. A projecting bay window carried on corbels.
Parclose. An enclosure to protect a tomb or to separate a chapel
from the main body of the church.
Parvise. The area outside the west end of a church; a chamber
above a porch.
Penthouse. A projection to form a protection against the weather;
a sloping roof to a main building.
Pier or Pillar. A support of an arch, &c.
Pilaster. A square column or pillar generally attached to a wall.
Piscina. A basin with a drain set in a niche south of an altar.
Plate. Horizontal timbers laid upon walls to receive other timber
work; that under a roof is a wall plate.
Plinth. A square member forming the lower division of the base of
a column; also the plain projecting face of a wall immediately
above the ground.
Polychrome. The colouring of walls and architectural ornaments.
Poppy-head. The ornament at the heads of bench standards.
Presbytery. The part of a church in which is placed the High Altar,
east of the quire; usually raised several steps.
Principals. Generally the larger rafters of a roof.
Purlin. A horizontal timber resting on the principal rafters of a
Quoin. The dressed stones at the corners of a building.
Rebate (rabbet). A continuous rectangular notch cut on the edge of
Respond. The half pillar or pier at the end of an arcade or attached
to a wall to support an arch.
Ressaunt. See Ogee.
Reveal. The side of an opening for a window, doorway, &c., between
the framework and the outer surface of the wall.
Scalloped capital. A later development of the twelfth-century
Sedile (pl. sedilia). Seats on the south side of the chancel near the
Sill (cill). The horizontal timber or stone forming the bottom of a
window or doorway.
Slype. Passage from cloister, usually between transept and chapterhouse.
Soffit. The underside of an arch, &c.
Solar. An upper chamber; sometimes applied to a rood-loft in a
Spandrel. The triangular spaces included between the arch of a
doorway, &c., and a rectangle formed by the outer mouldings
Splay. The expansion given to doorways, windows, &c., by slanting
Springer. The bottom stone of an arch which lies immediately upon
Squint. An oblique opening through the wall of a church to allow
a view of the altar.
Stanchion. The upright iron bars in a screen, window, &c.
Stilted arch. One which has the capital of the shaft or pier below
the springing of the curve of the arch.
String or String course. A projecting horizontal band of brick or
stone in a wall; usually moulded.
Toft. A homestead; a house with outbuildings.
Triforium (or blind storey). A gallery below the clerestory and
between the sloping roof of the aisle and the vaulting beneath it.
Voussoirs. The stones forming an arch.