Pleas Of The Crown. (fn. 1)
"Placita de Coronâ apud Lichesfend de Itinere Justiciorum, anno
Hundred of Tatemanslawe.
Henry de Tene, taken on suspicion of robbery, acknowledged himself to be
a robber before many witnesses, and appealed Stephen de Maddelegh and
Robert his brother, as his associates, and afterwards withdrew his appeal.
Evidence was given (testatum est) that he is a robber, and it is therefore considered that he should be hanged. (Et ideo consideratum est quod suspendatur).
Stephen de Maddelegh, taken on the appeal of the said Henry, denied the
consort and robbery, and put himself on the country. The jury (fn. 2) say he is not
guilty, and he is released. His sureties are William de Stafford and Richard
Hundred of Offelawe.
William Ingolf, taken for robbery, denied it, and put himself on the country.
The jury say they do not believe him to be guilty. He is therefore released, (fn. 3)
and to be in frank pledge as before. (Juratores dicunt quod non intelligunt ipsum
esse culpabilem, et ideo quietus, et sit sub francplegio suo sicut prius.)
Hundred of Seisduna.
Richard le Mascun and Richard, the Clerk of Terbebigge, were crushed
under the wall of the Church of Terbebigge, so that they died. John Datus
was the first finder, and is not suspected. No Engleschery was presented.
Ideo murdrum. (fn. 4)
In this county presentment of Engleschery is made by one on the part of
the father, and another on the part of the mother, or by two on the part of the
Alice, the daughter of Hugh de Wibaldestun, was found drowned in a well
of the garden of her father. Hugh, the father, was the first finder and is not
suspected, nor is anyone else. Judgment: Misadventure (Infortunium).
Some unknown malefactors came to the house of William de Wibaldestun,
and killed his wife, and fled. It is not known who they were, ideo nichil.
Nicholas, son of William de Aka (Oaken), through madness, fell on the
wheel of a mill, so that he died. Henry, the miller, was the first finder, and
is not suspected, nor is anyone else. Henry did not appear, therefore his
sureties are in misericordiâ, viz., Richard of the Grene, and Thomas de Perry
(Perario). They were fined half a mark. The value of the wheel is xiid.,
which they paid (as deodand).
The Church of Kenefare is of the gift of the Lord the King. Gilbert de
Lacy holds it by gift of King Richard.
Nicholas de Sumery is in ward to the Earl of Chester, by gift of the King.
His land in this Hundred is worth 15l.
The Church and Deanery of Wulvrenehamtun is of the King's gift. Giles
de Ardingtun holds it by the gift of the present King.
The Church of Tatenhale is of the King's gift. Walter de Brakele holds it
by gift of the Lord the King.
Ralph de Pertun holds by sergeanty of the Lord the King in Pertun, and
it is worth 40s., and he ought to serve in the King's army with two horses and
with a hauberk, and he receives 8d. per diem from the King's purse. Henry
de Oxelea is in misericordiâ for default (i.e., of appearance).
Arleg was Adam de Port's, and is an escheat of the Lord the King. H. de
Burgh holds it by the King's gift, and it is worth 12l.
Thomas le Bracur (Brewer), of Wulvrenhamtun, was accused of larceny, and
put himself on a jury, and the neighbouring vills, viz., the Deanery of Hampton, Seggesle, Tattenhall, and Wodnesfeld. The jury say he is a robber, and
has committed various larcenies: ideo suspendatur. His chattles are worth
6s. 6d., for which the town of Wulvrenhamtun answers.
The manor of Swineford appeared by six (jurors).
John, son of Nicholas de Prestwude, was found dead in the fields of Prestwude, and Nicholas his father was the first finder, and is not suspected, nor is
anyone else. Judgment: Misadventure. No Engleschery was presented, ideo
The manor of Wulvrenhamtun, on the part of the Lord the King, appeared
by six, and the Dean's part did not appear with them as is the custom. It is
therefore in misericordiâ, and it (i.e., the manor) answers by twelve in common.
Roger, son of Henry, on the occasion of the strife between the men of
Wulvrenehamptun and the men of Seggesleg, was struck by an arrow, so that
he died; and Nicholas de Mushull is suspected of having caused his death; and
he was of the household (manupastu) of Roger de Mushull his father. Roger
is therefore in misericordiâ for not producing him. The same (i.e., Nicholas)
was afterwards accused of the crime (rettatus) at the house of his father in
the manor of Seggeslegh. The vill is therefore in misericordiâ. The said
Nicholas to be outlawed, and his father to be arrested. And Henry the Clerk
withdrew himself because he had been present, and is not suspected of being
privy to the death. Therefore he may return if he wishes.
The men of the Lord the King of Bilestun complain that Juliana, the
widow of Roger de Benetlega, and her son, had erected buildings in the wood
of the Lord the King at Benetlega, and destroyed the wood, where the aforesaid men were accustomed to have husbote and heybote and other necessaries
by the view of the Forester, and the said Juliana and her son did not permit
them now to enter the said wood.
The manor of Erlegh (Arley) appeared by six. Some unknown malefactors
came by night to the house of Osbert de Hehstal, and broke into the house
and killed him and all his family. And Thomas, son of Alexander, a groom
(garcio) was in the house at the time, and escaped, and is not suspected.
Henry Yek and Robert de Bildewas are suspected, and they have fled. Judgment: To be outlawed. They were received in the vill of Erleg, which is
therefore in misericordiâ. No Engleschery was presented, ideo murdrum.
The manor of Kenefare appeared by twelve. William of the Hulle was
struck by his own knife whilst wrestling with William the Turnur so that he
died, and William le Turnur was apprehended for his death, and put into
gaol at Stafford, and afterwards admitted to bail by the Justices; and William did not appear, and therefore all his sureties are in misericordiâ, viz.,
John fitz Philip, Ralph de Hethcote, Andrew of the same, Thomas de Bukenhull, Adam de Sturtun, John de Sturtun, Robert de Whitintun, William, son
of Hugh Nicholas de Kenefare, Richard Beneit, of New Town (novo burgo),
William de Kenefare, and Robert, son of William de Cumptun. The said
William is not suspected, because William de la Hulle before his death acknowledged that he fell upon his own sword. Afterwards Ralph de Hethcote
appeared, and was fined for himself and all the others, one mark, by the surety
of Andrew de Hethcote.
The manor of Tatenhale (Tettenhall) came by twelve.
The manor of Tatenhale, is the demesne of the Lord the King. William de
Gamages holds it by gift of King John, and it is worth 60s.
Hundred of Offelawe. m. 11.
Robert, son of Thomas de Mortun, was found dead in the fields of Mortun.
Thomas his father was the first finder, and is not suspected, nor is anyone
else. Judgment: Misadventure.
Some unknown malefactors came to the house of Juliana de Brokhull at
night, and robbed the house (burgaverunt), and the vill made no pursuit of the
malefactors. It is therefore in misericordiâ.
Hugh le Vachir was burnt in the vacheria (cowhouse) of Ralph Basset of
Draitun. Ralph, son of William, was the first finder, and is not suspected,
nor is anyone else. Judgment: Misadventure.
Agnes, daughter of Hamon, was crushed by a load of firewood in a certain
house, so that she died. Matilda de Rideware was with her; no one is suspected. Judgment: Misadventure. m. 11, dorso.
Thomas the Miller, of Burton, and Richard his son, were drowned whilst
conveying turf in a boat on the water of Trente. Henry, son of Ralph, was
the first finder. Nobody is suspected. Judgment: Misadventure.
Geoffrey del Wal, who appealed Robert del Wal, his lord, and Nicholas
de Stowe, of robbery and a breach of the King's peace, did not appear. He
is therefore to be apprehended, and his sureties are in misericordiâ, viz.,
Robert de Chasterfeld and Roger de Walle, of Mora; and it is shown that the
said Robert and Nicholas are not guilty; and Geoffrey was amerced 20s. His
sureties are Henry de Erdingtun, Simon de Walle, Robert de Cestrefend, and
Roger de Mora.
Some unknown malefactors came to the house of St. John of Thameworth,
and killed three of the brethren there. It is not known who they were.
Robert, son of Robert, was in the house at the time, and is not suspected. No
Engleschery; therefore murdrum on the vill of Tamewurth.
The Church of Waleshale is of the gift of the Lord the King. Magister
Serlo holds it by gift of King John.
Nicholas Duredent had obstructed the road between Lichefeld and Tameworth, to the injury of all the country; and the Sheriff is commanded therefore, &c. (sic, left unfinished).
Thomas Corbet holds the manor of Bromlega of the Lord the King. It is
worth 8l. per annum, and he renders 4l. to the Treasury. He has not yet
rendered fealty to the King.
Alan fitz Herbert the Priest was accused of larceny, and stated he was a
Clericus; and Brother Peter, the Chaplain of the Lord of Coventry (i.e., the
Bishop), attorned in his place ad hoc, claimed a Court Christian. Let him
have it, and do with him what is just. It was afterwards testified that he
was not guilty.
John, son of Walter de Handesacre, accused of larceny, put himself on the
country. The jury say he is not guilty. Idco quietus.
William, his brother, accused of the same, put himself on the country.
The jury say he is not guilty.
Robert de Bosco, accused of the death of John Buche, before M. de Patushill and his associate Justiciaries last Itinerant, withdrew himself; and Henry
de Anestun (de Deneston), then Sheriff and Coroner, was commanded to put
him in the exigenda and to outlaw him, because it was testified that he was
guilty; and Henry de Verdun, Sheriff and Coroner, states he was not outlawed,
but that they took sureties for him. They, i.e., the Sheriffs, are therefore in
misericordiâ, and Robert is taken into custody. The sureties of Henry the
Sheriff are Geoffrey de Greselega, John fitz Philip, and Milo de Verdun. The
sureties of Henry de Verdun are Geoffrey de Greslega, Milo de Verdun,
Robert de Mere, and Robert de Acoure. And the jury made no presentment
respecting this case. They are therefore in misericordiâ. And Robert put
himself on the country and on a jury of the Hundred of Offelawe. And the
jury and the four neighbouring vills of Handesacre, Pipe, Langesdun, and
Bromley, say he is not guilty; and the vills which first said he was guilty,
and the jury also, are in misericordiâ, viz., Pipe and Hondesacre; and all his
sureties are in misericordiâ, viz., Henry Tisun, Reiner, Provost of Longedun,
Simon de Wulsislega, Geoffrey de Rugelegh, William de Compedene, of Longedon, and Reginald de Canoc. m. 12.
Hundred of Cuthulvestan.
Philip, son of Walter the fisherman, fell into the water of Mere (fn. 5) from a
boat, and was drowned. Robert his son was the first finder, and is not suspected. Judgment: Misadventure. No presentment of Englishery was made.
The value of the boat was 12d., for which the manor of Mere answers. m. 12,
Alice, daughter of Ralph de Copehale, appealed Adam, son of Stephen the
Priest, for feloniously burning her house, and offered to prove it against him
as this Court might think fit. (fn. 6) And Adam appeared, and denied the felony,
and stated she had appealed him through hatred and malice, and not from
the truth, and put himself upon the country. The jury say he is not guilty,
but that Matilda, the mother of Stephen, lived next door to the house of
Alice, and her house was set on fire by accident, and the neighbouring house
caught fire; and they say that Alice had accused him through hatred, and
not per verum appellum. Alice to be taken into custody.
John, son of William de Kerswall, was found killed in the wood of Rugeleh. William, his father, was the first finder, and is not suspected. It is not
known who killed him. There was no presentment of Englischery; therefore
murdrum against the manor of Rugeleh.
Some unknown malefactors came to the house of Adam le Beisin, and
robbed it, and on their departure they killed William the Carter, of Eytun;
and the vill of Etun presented no finder; it is therefore in misericordiâ. No
Englishery was presented; therefore murdrum.
Adam Bydulf indicted for robbery, had fled. Judgment: To be outlawed,
and he was not in frank pledge, because he was travelling.
Agnes de Westun was smothered in a marl pit. Roger, son of William,
first found her, and is not suspected. Judgment: Misadventure.
The town of Newcastle is in the Hundred of Pirhull, and appeared by
twelve jurors. William, son of Richard de Stafford, Alan de Novo Burgo,
and Walter de Derby, killed Richard, the nephew of William de Bodeham, and
his groom (garcionem); and they were taken at Stafford and hanged by the
judgment of the County Court (Curiâ Comitatûs). And the bailiffs of the
King had first sought them out as accused of homicide, to put them into the
King's prison, but were prevented by the bailiffs of the Earl (of Chester), viz.,
Richard de Sandebech and William de Erdingtun. They are therefore in
misericordiâ, (fn. 7) and the vill is in misericordiâ. The sureties for Richard are
Robert de Mere and Henry de Anestun. The sureties of William are Robert
de Sughenhull and Robert de Swinnerton.
Robert, son of Roger de Maddelegh, and William, son of Nobus, killed
Geoffrey de Witefeld, and fled to a monastery and acknowledged the deed, and
abjured the kingdom; and William was in no tything, nor in frankpledge;
therefore the vill of Maddelegh is in misericordiâ. And Robert was not in
frankpledge because he was a freeman, (fn. 8) and he held six acres of land freely;
and they had been previously taken into the King's hands; and the vill of
Maddelegh concealed the matter; and Hervey de Stafford, who held the land,
and afterwards acknowledged the fact, is in misericordiâ. The chattels of the
fugitives are worth 9s., for which the vill of Maddelegh is responsible. No
presentment of Englishery was made, because he lived for some time after.
John de Cnottun and Ralph his brother, killed Henry, son of Richard de
Haya, and fled; and they were in the frankpledge of Matthew, son of Thomas
de Dimmiesdale. He is therefore in misericordiâ; and they were outlawed
at the suit of Richard de Haya, the father. No presentment of Englishery
was made, because Henry lived for some time after. Their chattels are worth
24s. 4d., for which the vill of Cnuttun is answerable.
The manor of Penchull, in the Hundred of Pirehull, appeared by twelve
The manor of Eccleshale appeared by six.
The manor of Heywude appeared by six.
Hundred of Pyrhull.
Alice, daughter of Peter de Coltun, was kicked by a colt so that she died;
nobody is suspected. Judgment: Misadventure. No presentment of Englishery
was made, because she lived for some time. The value of the colt is 3s. 6d.;
for which William Griffin is answerable.
Walter de Calwehull, who appealed Thomas Meverel for the death of Hugh,
his brother, and of Matilda his wife, did not appear; and his sureties are in
misericordiâ; and Thomas came and denied the felony, and put himself on the
country. The jury say he is not guilty, and that the said Walter had accused
him through hatred and malice, because Thomas had married the daughter of
Hugh who had been killed, and had had an heir by her, viz., a son; and if the
heir died the inheritance would revert to the said Walter; and he had made the
accusation out of cupidity of this inheritance, and not per verum appellum.
Adam, son of Lusi of Betteleg, was killed by a stag in the park of Heileg,
No one is suspected. The same Adam killed the stag; the value of the skin is
John, the forester of the Abbot of Burton at Bromleg, had raised new
customs in the manor of Bromleg, viz., from cattle which by chance entered
the pasture of the Abbot, he took 4d. for each horse and 1d. for any other
Simon de Cherletun, who had accused Elias, son of Walter, and John his
brother, of robbery and a breach of the King's peace, appeared and withdrew
his appeal; and a concord had been made without the permission of the
Justices; therefore both are in misericordiâ; and his sureties for the prosecution are in misericordiâ, viz., Hugh de Hattun and Adam, son of Gilbert; and
Richard de Onne and Geoffrey de Swineheved, who assisted at the concord,
are in misericordiâ. And Geoffrey was amerced half a mark, and Elias 40s.
by the surety of the same Geoffrey and of Alan de Johannestun. John did
not appear; his sureties are therefore in misericordiâ.
The vill of Stafford came by twelve jurors. The Church of St. Mary of
Stafford is of the King's gift, and Bartholomew, Archdeacon of Winchester,
holds it of the gift of King John.
Two robbers fled to the Church of St. Mary, and acknowledged themselves
to be robbers, and abjured the kingdom; they had no chattels, and the matter
was not presented in the County Court. The vill is therefore in misericordiâ,
and the Coroner also.
Two robbers fled to the Church of the Holy Cross of Stafford, and confessed
themselves to be robbers, and abjured the kingdom. It is not known who
they were, neither had the Coroner their names; he is therefore in misericordiâ;
and the matter was not presented in the County Court; the vill is therefore in
Arthur, a messenger of the Earl Marshall, was killed by Welsh malefactors
in Rughehaye, in Brimlandes. The said Arthur killed one of them; and a
certain messenger of Fulk fitz Warin was bound hand and foot on the same
occasion, and is not suspected; and the vill of Chaunes, which concealed the
matter, is in misericordiâ.
Hundred of Tatemaneslawe.
Roger de Wakefeld appealed John, son of John Sautcheverel, for the death
of his brother Thomas; and John fled and is suspected. Judgment: To be
outlawed. No presentment of Englishery; therefore murdrum. He was not
in frankpledge, because he was a freeman. (fn. 9) He had no chattels.
Vill of Lichelfeud.
A groom (garcio), unknown, was thrown from a horse of Earl William de
Mondevill (Mandeville) into a fishpond and drowned; and he was buried by
order of the Marshals of the Lord the King, because the King was at that
time in the town. No one is suspected. Judgment: Misadventure. No presentment of Englishery; therefore murdrum. And the matter was not presented in the County Court; therefore the vill is in misericordiâ. The said
Earl had the horse by precept of the same Marshals.
These remain Coroners in the County of Stafford:—
Henry de Verdun.
. . . de Essington.
. . . . . . . (the rest illegible.)
The verdict of twenty-four Knights of the County of Stafford, by whom an
Inquisition was made by order of the Lord the King, respecting the liberties
and rights of the King subtracted in the aforesaid county, viz., by the oath of
Geoffrey de Greseleg, Roger de Rideware, William de Stafford, Henry de
Deneston, Robert de Sogenhull, Hugh Baggod, Milo de Verdun, Robert de
Mere, Henry de Verdun, Henry Mauveisin, John de Saut, John de Acton,
Stephen Meverel, Roger de Mulewich, Robert de Esington, Roger de Vernay,
Henry de Blithefeld, Robert de Sumerverton, Richard de Titneshovere, Henry
de Hulle, Richard de Onne, Robert de Badenhale, Robert de Wiston, and
Robert de Dudinton.
They say that the land of the Earl of Chester at Certeleg used to do suit to
the county (solebat sequi comitatum), until the war between King John and his
Barons, and after the war was over the said land did not do suit to the county,
and as they understand by the connivance of the Sheriff (per patienciam Vicecomitis; and they say the same of the land of the same Earl at Clifton
They say that Gaiton used to do suit to the County and Hundred before
the war arose, and after the war was over the suit was taken away by Stephen
They say that those who ought to do suit to the Hundred of Tatemaneslawe
did their suit during the reigns of three kings fortnightly (de quindenâ in
quindenam), at the will of the Sheriff; and until the arrival of the Charters of
Liberties; but after those Charters they did not do suit except at two Hundreds
per annum, viz., one at Easter and one at Michaelmas.
They say the same of the Hundreds of Offelawe, Seisdun, and Cotholveston.
Roll No. 28 is a Kent Assize Roll, and contains no Staffordshire suits.
Roll No. 29.
Headed, "Placita apud Westm: a die Sancti Michalis, in tres septimanis, anno R. R. H. XIIo." [20th October, 1228.]
Staff. An assize, &c., to make recognition if Geoffrey de Kanvil, father of
William de Kanvill, was seised, &c., of a knight's fee in Clifton on the day he
died, &c., which fee Ralph, the Earl of Chester, holds; who appeared and said
an assize ought not to be taken by this writ, (fn. 10) because he did not hold the fee
in demesne, but held it in custody only with Richard de Kanvil, who was the
son of Geoffrey, inasmuch as the land is of the fee of the said Earl; and being
questioned why the said Richard was in ward to him, stated that the ancestors
of the said Geoffrey held the aforesaid fee of the ancestors of the said Earl, and
when Geoffrey died, the Earl had taken the land into his hands; and that
Richard was the eldest son of the said Geoffrey, born of Felicia, daughter of
Philip de Worcester, who was the lawful wife of the said Geoffrey.
And William de Kanvill stated that the said Richard was not the son of
Geoffrey de Kanvill; but admitted that the said Felicia was married to
Geoffrey, and afterwards on account of the relationship (parentala) which was
between them, a divorce took place between them, and Geoffrey afterwards
married a certain Leuca, the mother of William, who was the right heir of
Geoffrey; and on this point he put himself on the assize.
And the Earl stated he claimed nothing in the land except by reason of
wardship, inasmuch as it was of his fee, and because the Earl holds nothing in
the land except by reason of wardship, and the suit is between the two brothers, it is considered that the Earl should be dismissed from the suit, and
William de Kanvill to proceed against his brother Richard if he wished.
A day is given to them to hear judgment at the octaves of St. Martin, on
the prayer of the parties. (fn. 11) m. 1. dorso.
Warw. William Ruffus, of Waleshale, gives a mark for licence of concord
with William the Archer in a plea of land. m. 6.
Staff. John Marischall appeared on the fourth day against William de
Wasteneys in a plea that he should appear to hear the record of an assize of
novel disseisin which was taken before the Justices Itinerant in the said county,
between the said William and John concerning a tenement in Kuton (Colton);
and the recognitors of the same assize were summoned to certify before the
Justices the oath they had made thereupon; and none of them appeared; and
William did not appear. They are therefore to be attached for the morrow
of St. John the Baptist. m. 7.
Staff. A., the Bishop of Coventry, by his attorney, sued Thomas de Peshale
for six acres of land in Peshale, and Robert de Johaneston (Johnson) (fn. 12) for ten
acres of land in the same vill, as the right of his Church.
And Thomas and Robert prayed a view. A day is given to them at three
weeks from St. Hillary; a view to be made in the interim. m. 9, dorso.
Roll No. 30.
A small fragment of a membrane of the proceedings of Hillary term
12 H. III.; most part illegible.