Cartulary of Trentham Priory
Trentham

Sponsor

Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

Major-General Hon. G. Wrottesley & Rev. F. Parker (editors)

Year published

1890

Pages

300-306

Citation Show another format:

'Cartulary of Trentham Priory: Trentham', Staffordshire Historical Collections, vol. 11 (1890), pp. 300-306. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=52510 Date accessed: 26 November 2014.


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Trentham No. 1.

Ranulphus, (fn. 1) comes Cestr', Episcopo Cestr', Archidiac', omnibusque prelatis et sancte ecclesie filiis, necnon et omnibus Const', dapif' justic', Baron', Vicecom', ministris, et ballivis, et omnibus hominibus et amicis suis, salutem. Sciatis me donasse centum solidatas terre mee in Staffordiescire Deo et S. Marie, et omnibus sanctis, ad restaurandam (fn. 2) quandam abbatiam cannonicorum in ecclesiâ Trentham in elemosinam, ad serviendum Deo ibidem perpetualiter pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum. Et eos assigno de Trenteham et de omnibus illis pertinenciis unde rex Henricus habuit c solid'; volo itaque et firmiter precipio quod prenominata ecclesia predictam villam cum omnibus libertatibus et dignitatibus in bosco et plano et aquis et molendinis et omnibus consuetudinibus teneat sicut unquam eam melius tenui. Testibus (fn. 3) , Willielmo, Abbate Radmore, Roberto, Abbate G . . . (fn. 4) (Greisley ?), Roberto Priore de Calc, Eustachio filio Johannis (fn. 5) , Simone filio Willielmi (fn. 6) , Willielmo de Gresel, Roberto filio Hugonis (fn. 7) , Simone filio Osberti, Ricardo pincernâ (fn. 8) ; apud Greseley.

Henricus, rex Anglie, et dux Norm' et Aquit' et Comes And', epo Cestrensi, et justic' et vicecomit' et ministris suis de Staffordseyre, salutem', precipio quod Canonici mei de Trentham habeant et teneant in pace libere et quiete et juste et honorifice onines terras et tenuras suas cum omnibus pertinenciis suis; et prohibeo ne quis eos injuste ponat in placitum contra cartam meam. Et, si quis eis injuria fecerit, vos inde rectum et justiciam sine dilacione faciatis, et ipsos canonicos et omnes res et homines eorum ubicunque eis opus (?) fuerit juste manuteneatis et protegatis, et defendatis, quia ipsi et omnes res et terre et homines et possessiones eorum sunt in mea propriâ manu et custodia. Sicut mea propria elemosina. Teste (fn. 9) Manser Biset dapifero; apud Norhamtonam Henricus, Rex Anglie, et dux Norman' et Aquit' et comes Andeg', Archiepis. Comitibus, Justic, Baron', Vice', Ministr', et omnibus fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicis, salutem, sciatis me concecisse et in perpetuam elemosinam dedisse ecclesiam sancte marie et omnium sanctorum de Trentham, cum omnibus pertinentiis suis, Johanni priori, et canonicis regulariter ad serviendum ibidem Deo perpetualiter pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum et Comitis Rand' Cestri' Secundi. Hiis testibus (fn. 10) , Roberto Lincoln epō (fn. 11) , Roberto Comite Leyc', Ricardo de Luci, Eustachio filio Johannis. (fn. 12) Apud Northampton. (fn. 13) . [Harl. MS. 3868 B. M.]. [1153–7]. (1155 A. D.)

Walterus (fn. 14) , Dei gratiâ Conventren' Episcopus, omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis salutem', quantum ad nostri officii sollicitudinem spectat, non solum fideles ad elemosinarum exhibitionem hortari, sed et eorum elemosinas scripto et auctoritate nostra corroborare (sic) presentis scripti paginâm contirmamus Johanni Priori de Trentham, et fratribus suis, et ecclesie sancte marie et omnium sanctorum de Trentham, centum solidatas terre, et omnia pertinentia predicte ecclesie, sicut eis concessum est in cartâ regis Henrici et Ranulphi, comitis cestrie, insuper et pro Dei amore, et anime mee et antecessorum meorum, episcoporum et omnium salute, sinodalem pensionem et immunitatem ceterarum consuetudinum omnium quas predecessores mei Robertus (fn. 15) Peccatus, et Rogerus (fn. 16) , bone memorie episcopi, ecclesie de Rouecestra, et vicinis ecclesiis eodem ordine degentibus, remiserunt ampliorem et liberiorem eis remittimus, et penitus absolvimus, pro De amore et peticione virorum religiosorum magistri Willielmi (fn. 17) de Rademora et Radulphi Abbatis Cestrensis et Ivonis (fn. 18) Abbatis Rouecestrie, quorum testimonio presens carta roboratur, et testibus Gregorio monacho, et Radulph monacho. (C. 1149.)

Inspeximus of King Edward II.

Edwardus Dei gratia Rex Anglie, dominus Hibernie, et dux Aquitainie, Archiepiscopis, Episcopis, Abbatibus, prioribus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vicecomitibus, prepositis, ministris et omnibus ballivis, et fidelibus suis, salutem "Inspeximus cartam quam Henricus quondam Rex Anglie, progenitor noster, fecit Johanni dudum priori de Trentham, et canonicis ejusdem loci in hec verba," H. Rex Angl. dux Normann' et Aquitan', et comes Andeg', Archiepiscopis, episcopis, &c., et fidelibus suis Francis et Anglicis totius Anglie, salutem,' sciatis me concessisse, et in perpetuam elemosinam dedisse, ecclesiam sancte marie et omnium sanctorum de Trentham in omnibus pertinenciis suis Johanni priori et canonicis ad serviendum ibidem Deo perpetualiter, pro salute anime mee et antecessorum meorum et Comitis Ranulphi Cestr' secundi. Hiis testibus, Roberto Linc' Episcopo, Roberto Comite Legrecestr', Ricardo de Lucy, Eustachio filio Johannis; apud Norhamptoniam. Inspeximus etiam quandam aliam cartam, quam idem progenitor noster fecit Deo et ecclesie omnium sanctorum de Trentham et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus in hec verba'; H. Rex Angl., etc., salutem' sciatis me concecisse, et in puram elemosinam confirmasse, Deo et ecclesie omnium sanctorum de Trentham et canonicis ibidem, etc., donacionem quam comes cestrensis Ranu' secundus eis in elemosinam fecit, videlicet centum solidatas terre de laico feudo in eâdem villâ de Trentham, et in pertinenciis suis, videlicet Blorton et Cockenage, sicut fuerunt tempore regis Henrici avi mei (Hen. I); quare volo et firmiter precipio quod predicta ecclesia, et canonici, easdem centum solidatas terre habeant et teneant ad unum conventum canonicorum sustimendum in perpetuam elemosinam cum socâ et sacâ, toll et team, et Infangenetheof, et cum omnibus libertatibus et libris consuetudinibus et quietanciis et pertinenciis suis in bosco et plano, in pratis et pascuis, in aquis et molendinis, in vivariis et piscariis, in viis et semitis, et in omnibus locis, et in omnibus rebus eisdem centum solidatis terre pertinentibus. T. Philippo Baioc (fn. 19) episcopo, et Arnulpho Lexov, (fn. 20) episcopo, et Roberto comite Legrec', et Reginaldo comite Cornubie, et Willielmo filio Hamonis, et Magistro Aluredo, apud oxenenfordam (fn. 21) . Inspeximus etiam aliam cartam quam prefatus progenitor noster fecit predictis canonicis in hec verba, H. Rex Angl', dux Normann' et Aquitanu', et comes Andeg'. Justic, vicecomitibus, forestariis et omnibus ministris suis totius Anglie, salutem, sciat is me concessisse et hac carta mea confirmasse canonicis meis de Trentham, thoftas ad colendum et horrea sua ibi edificandum et omnes alias terras manerii de Trentham, ubi nemus nunc est, eo quod in malo territorio manent, et duas moras ex utraque parte ville inter nemus et flumen Trenth, ad faciend' prata ad sustentacionem fratrum et hospitalitatem domûs sue, pro salute anime mee et antecessorum et successorum meorum. Et prohibeo ne quis ponat eos in placitum contra hanc cartam meam nisi in presentia meâ ipsi et omnes res sue sunt in mea propria manu et custodia, sicut mea propria elemosina, H. testibus, H. comite Cestr', (fn. 22) B. de Verd[on], (fn. 23) G. Salvage, (fn. 24) apud Brehull, i.e., Brill in Bucks. (fn. 25) Nos autem donacionem, concessiones, et confirmaciones predictas ratas habentes et gratas eas pro nobis et heredibus nostris, quantum in nobis est, dilectis nobis in Xto (R). Nune priori et conventui loci predicti concedimus et confirmamus, sicut carte predicte rationabiliter testantur, et prout idem prior et predecessores sui, libertatibus predictis hactenus rationabiliter usi sunt. Hiis testibus, Ven' patre (fn. 26) W. Wygorn' episcopo, Gilberto de Clare comite Glouc. et Hertford, Adomaro de Valencia comite Pembrock, (fn. 27) Hugone le Despenser, Alano la Zousche, (fn. 28) Bartolomeo de Badlesmere, Edo de Malo Lacu (Mauley) senescallo hospitii nostri, et aliis, Datum apud Dovore XXIII die maii, anno regni regis nostri sexto. (Royal Seal) (1313 A.D.)

Universis Xti fidelibus hoc presens scriptum visuris vel audituris, Rogerus, (fn. 29) Dei gratiâ Coventer et Lichf' episcopus eternam salutem in Domino' Noverit univ' vestra, nos privilegium dilectorum in Xto Prioris et conventûs de Trentham inspexisse in hec verba'. Alexander (fn. 30) episcopus, servus servorum Dei, dilectis filiis Johanni priori ecclesie Beate Marie et omnium sanctorum de Trentham, ejusque fratribus, tam p' quam f regularem vitam professis in perpetuum, sicut injusta petentibus nullus est tribuendus assensus ita justa postulantibus nulla est deneganda peticio; ea propter dilecti in Domino filii vestris justis postulationibus clementer annuimus, et prefatam ecclesiam, in quâ divino mancipati estis subsequio, sub beati Petri et nostra protectione suscipimus, et presentis scripti privilegio communimus. In primis siquidem statuentes ut ordo canonicus, qui in vestrâ ecclesiâ secundum Dei tinorem et beati Augustini regulam noscitur institutus, perpetuis idem temporibus inviolabiliter observetur-preterea quascunque possessiones, quecunque bona, eadem ecclesia in presentia juste et canonice possidet, aut in futurum-concessione pontiticum, largitione regum vel principum, oblacione fidelium, seu aliis justis modis Deo propicio poterit adipisci, firma vobis, vestrisque successoribus, et illibata permaneant. In quibus hec propriis duximus exprimenda vocabulis, Trentham cum omnibus pertinenciis suis, scilicet Berlaston, Betteleya, dimid' Baltredeleye, quid[am'] viculus Novi Castelli qui est de territorio parochie de (fn. 31) Trentham, centum solidatas terre in eadem parochiâ, quas Henricus Rex Anglorum, eidem ecclesie dedit ad institutionem ordinis, et scriptam pagmam confirmavit hermitorium fontis de Dunstal, (fn. 32) cum terrâ quam Walterus heremita elaboravit, tres carucates terre in Sutton (fn. 33) quas comitissa Gundrida, (fn. 34) assensu Willielmi filii sui, comitis de Warewye, ecclesie vestre concessit de feodo comitis cestrie unam carucatam terre in Gaddisby ex concessione Lincolniensis episcopi, eciam de Barkeby, (fn. 35) ex dono Maynard, quandam bovatam terre in Honus (fn. 36) (sic). Ex dono Roberti puer (i.e., child), sex bovatas terre de dominio suo in Barkeby, sane novalium (recent cultivations) vestrorum que propriis manibus aut sumptibus colitis sive de nutrimentis vestrorum animalium, nullus a vobis decimas presumat exigere, statuimus insuper ut nulli episcoporum, vel ministris eorum, indebitas aut injustas exactiones in ecclesiis aut terris vestris, liceat exercere. Crisma vero oleum sanctum, consecrationes altarium, seu basilicarum, ordinationes clericorum, qui ad sacros ordines fuerint promonend' a diocesano suscipietis episeopo, si quidem catholicus fuerit, et ea gratis, et absque pravitate, vobis voluerit exhibere, alioque liceat vobis catholicum quem molueritis (malueritis ?) adire antistem, qui nimirum nostra fultus auctoritate quod postulatur indulgeat. Preterea quum commune interdictum terre fuerit liceat vobis in ecclesiâ vestrâ, exclusis excommunicatis et interdictis, non pulsatis tintinnabulis, suppressâ voce divina officia celebrare; sepulturam quoque illius loci liberam esse concedimus ut eorum devocioni et extreme voluntati, qui se illic sepeliri deliberaverunt, nisi forte excommunicati vel interdicti sint, nullus obsistat, salvâ cum justicia matricis ecclesie. Obeunte te vero nunc ejusdem loci priore, vel tuorum quolibet successorum nullus ibidem qualibet surreptionis astuciâ seu violenciâ preponatur nisi quem fratres communi consensu vel fratrum pars consilii sanioris per Dei timorem et beati Augustini regulam providerint eligend'. Phohibemus ut nulli fratrum vestrorum præpactam in eodem loco professionem, absque prioris sui licentiâ de claustro decedere, decedentem vero absque communi literarum caucione nullus audeat retinere. Decernimus ergo ut nulli omnino hominum liceat prefatam ecclesiam temere perturbare aut ejus possessiones auferre vel ablatas retinere, minuere, seu quibuscunque vexationibus fatigare sed illabater omnia et integriter conserventur eorum pro quorum gubernatione ac sustentacione concessa sut usibus omnimodis profutura, salvâ sedis Apostolice auctoritate et diocesani episcopi canonicâ justiciâ. Si qua igitur in futurum ecclesiastica secularis vel persona, hanc nostre constitutionis paginam sciens, contra eam temere venire temptaverit secundo tertiove commonita nisi presumptionem suam satisfactione correxerit, potestatis honorisque sui dignitate careat, reamque se divino judicio existere de perpetrata iniquitate cognoscat, et a sacratissimo corpore Dei et Domini nostri Jesu Xti aliena fi(eb)at, atque in extremo examine districto ultori subjaceat. Cunctis autem eidem ecclesie sua jura servantibus sit pax Domini nostri Jesu Xti eterna et hic fructum bone accionis percipiant et apud districtum judicem premia eterne pacis inveniant. Amen. Dat' turon' per manu (sic) Hermanni Scte Rom ecclesie subdiaconi et notarii, IV idus Octbr' indictione Xtiana incarnacionis dnice anno MCLXII (1162 A. D.). In cujus rei testimonium presenti scripto sigillum nostrum apponi fecimus, Dat' apud Haywod pontificatûs nostri anno II, die veneris proximâ ante festum Sancti Gregorii. Valete. [Harl. MS., B. M. 3868] [1246 (?) A.D.].

Alan de Nevill's Roll.

In 1166–7 A.D. The Prior of Trentham's Estate is amerced one mark for forest trespass.

Pipe Rolls (Vol. II, page 107–8, S. H. Coll.).

In 1201 A.D. "The Canons of Trentham seek license to fence their wood, provided it be so done that the King's deer may pass in and out without hindrance."

Grant of Free Warren (36 Hen. III., A.D. 1252).

Henricus Dei gratiâ Rex Angl', Dominus Hibern', dux Normann', Aquit, et comes Andeg', Archiepiscopis, abbatibus, prioribus, comitibus, baronibus, justiciariis, vice-comitibus, prepositis, ministris et omnibus ballivis et fidelibus suis, salutem," Sciatis nos concessisse et hac presenti cartâ confirmasse dilectis nobis in Xto Priori et conventui de Trentham quod ipsi et eorum successores in perpetuum habeant liberam warennam in omnibus dominicis terris suis maneriorum suorum de Trentham, le Wal, et Elkesdon, in comitatu Stafford, dum modo terre ille non sint infra metas foreste nostre. Ita quod nullus intret terras illas ad fugandum in eis vel ad aliquid capiendum quod ad warennam pertineat, sine licentia et voluntate predictorum Prioris et canonicorum, vel successorum suorum super forisfacturam nostram decem librarum; quare volumus et firmiter precipimus pro nobis et heredibus nostris quod predicti Prior et canonici et eorum successores in perpetuum habeant liberam warennam in omnibus dominicis terris suis maneriorum suorum de Trentham le Wal et Elkesdon in comitatu predicto dum modo terre ille non siut infra metas foreste nostre, ita quod nullus intret [ut supra] librarum, sicut predictum est. Hiis testibus Willielmo de Ferrariis comite Derb', Johanne Maunsell preposito Beuerl, Radulpho filio Nicholai, Johanne de Lessinton, magistro Willielmo de Kilkenny, (fn. 37) Archidiacono Coventri, Roberto de Mucegros, Bartholomeo Pecch, Radulpho de Bakepuz, Rogero de Lokenton, et aliis. Data per manum meam apud Tuttebury, vicesimo quarto die de Novembr anno regni Regis nostri tricesimo sexto. (Royal seal. H. III.)

[Add. MSS., B.M.] Inquisicio capta apud Womburne in com' Stafford in festo Commemoracionis animarum. A. Regni Regis Henrici sexti post conq' vicesimo quarto, coram Nicholao Waryng Esc' Dni Regis in comitatu p'dicto virtute officii sui p[ro] sacrament' Johannis Seisse, Johannis Horwod, Thome Jones de Seggesley, Thome Whitehouse, Willielmi Hulmore, &c., &c., qui dicunt super sacramentum suum quod Prioratus de Trentham vacavit undecimo die Aprilis ult' preter' per morte Willielmi Rossyndon nuper Prioris loci illius, et quod predictus Prior tenuit ut de jure Prioratûs die quo obiit de Domino Rege in comitatu predicto in capite manerium de Trentham, quod quidem manerium valet per annum IIII lib', et dicunt quod p'dictus nupor Prior non tenuit aliqua alia sive plura tr', seu ten', de jure prioratus sui predicti. In cujus rei, &c. (1445 A.D.)

Confirmation of Grant of a Boat on the Dee at Chester (v. Monasticon).

Ranulphus, (fn. 38) comes cestrie, omnibus tam futuris quam presentibus ad quos presens pagina pervenerit salutem, Notum sit vobis me concessisse et presenti carta confirmasse donationem quam (fn. 39) Philippus de Orreby fecit Deo et ecclesie Beate Marie et omnium sanctorum de Trentham, et canonicis ibidem Deo sevientibus: scilicet, unum Batellum in aquâ de De, apud Cestriam, quod ibi dedi predicto Philippo, et ipse illud dedit Deo, et predicte ecclesie, et Canonicis de Trentham. Et ut hec donatio rata et inviolabilis permaneat presentis scripti testimonio, et sigilli mei munimine, illam corroboravi. Hiis testibus, (fn. 40) Roberto de Praeriis, Rogero de Goinz, Willielmo Bacun, Lucâ de Sancto Leodegario, Magistro Radulpho . . . . Camerario, Thoma pincernâ, Willielmo Locardo, et m. aliis—apud Marvill.

Patent Rolls, 2 Ed. III, A.D. 1337–8 (Part 3, Memb 6), (S.L.).

Letters Patent reciting that whereas the king had given licence for himself and his heirs to the P. and C. of Trentham, that they might acquire £10 of land and rent by the year, according to the true value of the same, as well in their own proper fee as in that of a stranger (lands holden of the king in capite alone excepted), to have and hold to them and their successors for ever, the statute of mortmain notwithstanding. The king therefore gives licence for himself and his heirs to Thomas le Denior and Alicia his wife, that they may give and assign to the aforesaid Prior and convent one messuage and 16 acres of land with appurtenances in Trentham, which are not holden of the king, and are worth by the year 4s. 4d., as is shown by an inquisition made thereupon by the king's mandate, and returned in the king's chancery by Wm. Trussell, the king's escheator on this side Trent, to have and hold to the same Prior and convent and their successors in value six shillings, in part of satisfaction of the £10 worth of land and rent aforesaid, and the king licences them to receive the same. [Saving to the chief lords of the fee the services due and want.]

Dated at the tower of London, January 4.

Omnibus sancte matris ecclesie filiis, Rogerus Prior de Trentham, et ejusdem loci conventus, salutem', Noveritis nos concessisse et quietum clamasse Deo et ecclesie Beate Marie de Hylton, et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus, pro nobis et successoribus nostris totam brueram suam que jacet inter novum fossatum et marleriam et inter viam descendentem de' Waldreslowe' in Blitheforde et' Grudalesiche', ut faciant inde totum commodum suum ad arandum et seminandum, salvâ nobis communi pasturâ post aspor tacionem bladi. Et ut hec (fn. 41) concessio et quieta clamacio rata et inconcussa perpetuis temperibus dictis monachis et eorum successoribus permaneat, sigillum conventuale, unâ cum sigillo dicti prioris, huic scripto apposuimus. Hiis testibus Henrico de Adirdeeley Gilberto de la Mere, Ricardo de la Mere, Willielmo le brasur, Willielmo de Ldestoyl, et aliis.

An agreement, bearing date, 30th year of King Henry 3rd, between Simon Abbot of Hulton and convent on the one side, and Roger, Prior of Trentham and monks on the other. The (fn. 42) Prior of Trentham warrants to Hulton, common of pasture in Blorton and Cokenage, for 400 head; and the Abbot of Hulton grants in return to Trentham Priory right of pasture for a similar number in Normancote. (1246 A.D.)

Trentham.

An almost obliterated deed of gift from Robert de Muccleston and Ralph de . . . . of a messuage in Trentham (which they held of the gift and feofment of William de Trentham, clerk), to the Prior and convent of Trentham for ever in free alms, from them and their heirs. Dated the feast of St John the Evangelist, 30 Ed. 3. Witnesses . . . . and John de Draycote, Kts., Robert de Swinnerton, Philip de Grendon, John de Whitemore. (1357.)

Sciant p et f quod Ego Johanne de Haneford, filius Willielmi Crispi, dedi et concessi et hac presenti cartâ meâ confirmavi pro salute anime mee et patris mei, et matris mee, et pro animabus antecessorum meorum, Deo et ecclesie B. Marie et omnium Sanctorum de Trentham, et Priori et canonicis ibidem Deo servientibus, undecim acras terre et dimidiam, et unam selionem, scilicet duas acras in campo que vocatur Longefurlong, et dimidiam acram in Piletfurlong, et tres acras et dimidiam in campo qui vocatur Le Cruftes (sic) unam a(cram) que jacet inter terram Johannis, filii Agnetis, et terram Johannis, filii Ricardi, et unam que se extendit in viam regalem inter terram Willielmi Griffin, et dimidiam acram juxta terram Johannis, filii Johannis et unam acram propinquiorem longo fossato versus assartum' Achard' et dimidiam acram in "Stoneleweheyt," inter terram Rogeri filii Johannis et Ricardi filii Thome, 'le knave', et duas in Neyerhul, et duas acras et dimidiam in Drifurlong' et duas acras forinsecas versus' La Lee', quas Ada parcarius tenuit ad terminum, et dimidiam acram inter terram Willielmi Griffin et terram Johannis, filii Johannis, et unam selionem in "Scyrewell" le furlong [i.e., clear-well]. Habend' et tenend' in puram et perpetuam elemosinam cum omnibus libertatibus, &c., quiete, &c., in perpetuum. Et ut hec [usual warranty and seal]. His Testibus, Ada le Lavendene, Rogero de Honeford clerico, Willielmo de Laleshull, Ricardo le Demur, Willielmo Griffin, et aliis.

Footnotes

1 Ranulph le Meschines (II), surnamed de Gernons, and styled "secundus" in a deed following; he was Vicomte of Avranches, as well as Earl of Chester, Staff. Hist. Coll., Vol. II, p. 222, &c.
2 The use of "restaurandam" confirms the tradition of Earl Hugh's earlier Priory, St. Werburgh's foundation was a nunnery.
3 William. Abbot of Radmore attests Rob. de Stafford's confirmation to Erdbury Priory, c. 1156 A.D.; he removed his Abbey to Stoneleigh (Warwe.) between 1156–9 A.D.) Staff. Hist. Coll., Vol. II, p. 239.
4 This word is left blank in the Monasticon; and seems to defy explanation; the first letter is G, but I fear it can hardly be read "Greisley."
5 Eustace Fitz John, constable of Chester through his marriage with the elder co-heiress of Nigel, baron of Halton, was slain at Counsylth 1157 A.D. (Staff. Hist. Coll., Vol. II, p. 242).
6 Simon fitz William, son of Wm. fitz Anschetill, and ancestor of the barons de Kyme so styled from their chief estate in Lincolnshire. (Vol. I, Staff. Hist. Coll., p. 31–2).
7 Robert fitz Hugh attests Enisau de Walton's deed in 1130 A.D., he was baron of Malpas.
8 Richard, the hereditary butler of the Earls of Chester, was a frequent witness to Earl Raoul's charters (Staff. Hist. Coll., Vol. II, p. 232).
9 Manasses Bisset was Lord of Kidderminster Manor A.D. 1164, Plea Rolls, p. 51, Vol. I., Staff. Hist. Coll. (II, 230); he held office till 1166 A.D. being one of the so-called "Strangers" of the Restoration of H. II (Eyton).
10 Robert, Bp. of Lincoln, was Robert de Querceto, or de Cheney, 1147–1166 A.D.
11 Robert, Earl of Leicester, i.e., Robert de Bossu, 1118–1167.
12 As Eustace fitz John was slain in 1157, this deed must date between 1153 and 1157 A.D. (1155 probably).
13 This charter was produced by the Prior of Trentham in 21 Ed. I (1293 A.D.); when summoned to show his right, to Trentham Manor and advowson.
14 Bp. Walter Durdent (1149–1161 A.D.).
15 Robert Peche, Chaplain to Hen. I, 1121–1127 A.D.
16 Roger de Clinton, 1129–1148 A.D.
17 Wm. Abbot of Radmore, v. supra.
18 From Tanner's statement that Abbot Thurstan succeeded Abbot Ivo, circa 1149 A.D., we should conclude this charter dates from the commencement of W. Durdent's Episcopate.
19 Philip, Bishop of Baieux both trusted counsellors of King Hen. II (v. Eyton's Itinerary, Hen. II).
20 Arnulf, Bishop of Lisieux both trusted counsellors of King Hen. II (v. Eyton's Itinerary, Hen. II).
21 Dated probably 1155 A.D.
Sach and Soch mean that the manor had its own court, and power to enforce the attendance of residents. "Singly," says Eyton, "Sac was the manor lord's right to adjudicate between, to fine, or punish, the men of his manor, in his own court.
Soc, the power to compel the men of his manor to do suit and service at such court.
"Tol, he considers to be the right of the manor lord, and his vassals, to buy or sell in other markets free from toll." Team, or Theam, is said to be the right of obliging any holder of stolen goods to name him from whom he got them.
Infangetheof, the right of trying a thief caught within the bounds of the manor.
22 H. comes Cestrie, i.e., Hugh le Meschines, called de Kyvelioc, infra ætat 1153 ob. 1180 A.D.
23 Bertram de Verdon 1166–1188.
24 Geoffrey Savage, ob. 1195.
25 Bruhull or Brehull is Brill in Bucks. King Henry II was there in 1157 and again in 1179 A.D. (v. Eyton's Itinerary).
26 W. Wygorn, Epo, i.e., Walter Reynolds, 1308, translated to Canterbury, Sept., 1313.
27 Aylmer de Valence, 1296, ob. 1323.
28 Alan la Zouche, 1285, ob. 1314, son and heir of Roger la Zouche, and last of the Ashby line.
This inspeximus is therefore K. Ed. II's (not Ed. I's) and dated 1313 A. D., in which year the king and queen went to France to be present at the Coronation of Louis X. This would account for the grant being dated at Dover.
29 Rogerus Epŭs, i.e., Roger de Weseham, 1245–56 ?
30 Pope Alexander III.
31 This seems to contradict Mr. Eyton's suggestion that Newcastle was part of Wolstanton parish ? Since Wolstanton had a pre-Domesday church, would not N.C. be described as of that parish (rather than of Trentham) if it were so ?
32 Can this be the modern Tunstall ? It seems not improbable.
33 Sutton-on-the-Hill ? (Derbyshire).
34 Gundred was the daughter of William (2) Earl Warrene, she married Roger, Earl of Warwick, and was in high esteem with King Henry II. (v. Dugdale's Baronage.)
35 Five miles N.E. from Leicester.
36 Can this be a Latin form of Hoon near Marston-on-Dore ?
37 A Prebendary of Lichfield in 1238 had been sent by the King to the Papal Court, p. 88, Vol. IV, Staff. Hist. Coll.
38 Ranulph, Earl of Chester, i.e., Blundevill (son and heir of Hugh Cyveliok), 1180–1231 A.D.
39 Philip de Orreby (1208–1226 ?).
40 The de Praers family hold Barthomley in Cheshire under the Malbancs. The original deed is said to be at the College of Arms.
41 Prior Roger, 1242–1255.
42 A Cistercian Abbey, founded by Henry de Audley in 1223 A.D.