Lancashire Fines
1-12 John

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Institute of Historical Research

Publication

Author

William Farrer (editor)

Year published

1899

Pages

7-38

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'Lancashire Fines: 1-12 John', Final Concords for Lancashire, Part 1: 1189-1307 (1899), pp. 7-38. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=52530 Date accessed: 30 September 2014.


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1–12 John.

No. 1.—At Westminster, on the morrow [of the feast] of SS. Simon and Jude, Apostles, 1 John [29th October, 1199].

Between Amabel, who was the wife of Robert, son of Henry, plaintiff, and Richard, son and heir of the said Robert, (fn. 1) tenant, respecting the reasonable dower in the said Robert's estate, and a reasonable share of his chattels, for which she was sueing Richard in that Court.

Richard granted to Amabel, in her pure viduity, the whole town of Knuvesle [Knowsley], with the men and all appurtenances, and also the whole town of . . . . with the men and appurtenances, to hold for the term of her life, as her dower. And as to the chattels for which she sued, Richard gave her forty shillings sterling, whereupon she released her claim against him, as well respecting dower, as the said chattels.

No. 2.—At Westminster, at three weeks from Holy Trinity Sunday, i John [5th July, 1199].

Between Geoffrey Arbalaster, plaintiff, and Peter, son of Robert [de Hackensall], (fn. 2) tenant, of four oxgangs of land with appurtenances in Hacunesho [Hackensall] and Presho [Preesall], to wit, of the whole estate which Hugh, grandfather of the said Peter, held in those towns, and of the rent of five shillings yearly of the issue of four cows which Geoffrey stated that Peter had from him to farm.

Geoffrey acknowledged the said land with appurtenances in Hacunesho and Presho to be the right of Peter, to hold of him (Geoffrey) and his heirs in perpetuity by the service of free serjeanty, of performing suit to County and Wapentake Courts for the said Geoffrey's land, and of summoning the pleas of Geoffrey's Court in that town (fn. 3) (sic), excepting always eighteen acres of land lying near the messuage which was the said Peter's, towards the north; and excepting that messuage which contains two acres, and also excepting a fishery, to wit that which is the nearest to the said messuage, and excepting one acre of meadow, lying to the east of the path which passes through the midst of the eá-land called Holm. Which said land, messuage, fishery and meadow shall forever remain to the said Geoffrey and his heirs, free from any claim of Peter and his heirs. Moreover Geoffrey quit-claimed to Peter and his heirs, all his right in the said rent of five shillings. And further be it known, that it shall be lawful for Peter to make two fisheries for his own use, and the use of his heirs, beyond Geoffrey's said fishery, towards the sea.

No. 3.—At Lancaster, (fn. 4) on the morrow of the Octave of St. Luke, the Evangelist, 4 John [26th October, 1202].

Between Gilbert de Tours (de Turribus), plaintiff, and William, son of Robert, tenant, of one carucate of land with appurtenances in Lofwic [Lowick] and Vlveston [Ulverston]. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

William acknowledged the carucate of land with appurtenances, to be the right and inheritance of Gilbert, for which acknowledgment Gilbert gave him the said carucate of land with appurtenances, to hold to him and his heirs in perpetuity, of Gilbert and his heirs, by the service of twenty shillings, to be rendered by half-yearly instalments at Easter, and at the feast of St. Michael, for all service except forinsec service. And be it known that William and his heirs shall pay the said twenty shillings to Gilbert and his heirs at Hotton Rocelin.

No. 4.—At Lancaster, on. the morrow of the Octave of St. Luke, the Evangelist, 4 John [26th October, 1202].

Between Hugh, son of Edward, plaintiff, and Alan, son of Benedict, tenant, of two oxgangs of land with appurtenances in Peniton. (fn. 5) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Alan acknowledged the two oxgangs of land to be the right and inheritance of Hugh, to hold to him and his heirs, of Alan and his heirs in perpetuity, by performing the forinsec service which belongs to two oxgangs of land in the town of Peninton, for all service. And he rendered them to him. For this acknowledgment Hugh gave Alan one pound of cumin.

No. 5.—At Lancaster, on Wednesday next after the feast of SS. Simon and Jude, the Apostles, 4 John [30th October, 1202].

Between William de Rodeclive, plaintiff, and Roger de Middelton, tenant, respecting the advowson of the Church of Radeclive with appurtenances. An assize of last presentation had been summoned between them.

Roger acknowledged the advowson of the said Church to be the right and inheritance of William. And he rendered it to him, quitclaimed by himself and his heirs. For this acknowledgment William gave Roger three shillings sterling.

No. 6.—At Lancaster, on Thursday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [7th November, 1202].

Between Ysolt, who was the wife of Robert, plaintiff, and Richard, son of Robert, tenant, respecting the reasonable dower which she claimed in the free tenement which belonged to Robert her husband in Thorenteleg. (fn. 6)

Richard acknowledged that fourteen acres of land with appurtenances which Jordan holds, seven acres of land with appurtenances which Richard holds, four acres of land with appurtenances which Adam held, three acres of land with appurtenances which Thomas held, Braderode and Flaxerode with appurtenances, and the third part of Thorenteleg mill with appurtenances, and the third part of the service of Robert and William, and the third part of the service of Roger de Bradeleg, which the said Richard and his heirs shall yearly pay to Ysolt at the feast of St. Oswald, were the right of dower of the said Ysolt, to hold all her life in the name of dower, by the service of ten pence, to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Giles for all service. And he rendered them to her. For this acknowledgment she gave him two shillings sterling.

No. 7.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the Octave of St. Luke the Evangelist, 4 John [27th October, 1202].

Between Robert, son of Hawise, plaintiff, and Amabil, daughter of Simon, tenant, and Richard, son of Robert de Lathum, whom she vouched to warrant, respecting one oxgang of land with appurtenances in Andelevesarewe. (fn. 7) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Robert remitted his right in that oxgang of land with appurtenances to Richard and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Richard gave Robert twenty shillings sterling. Let it be known that Amabil shall hold that oxgang of land with appurtenances all her life, in the name of dower.

No. 8.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the Octave of St. Luke the Evangelist, 4 John [27th October, 1202].

Between Agnes, daughter of Robert, plaintiff, and Richard, Andrew and Efward, sons of Siward, tenants of three oxgangs of land with appurtenances in Litherlande. (fn. 8) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Agnes remitted her right in the said land to Richard, Andrew and Efward, and their heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim, Richard gave Agnes one oxgang with appurtenances, of the said three oxgangs, to wit that which was Eveward's, son of Siward, to hold to her and her heirs in perpetuity, by forinsec service to be performed for the same for all service. Furthermore, Richard gave Agnes one mark of silver.

No. 9.—At Lancaster, on Thursday next after the feast of SS. Simon and Jude, the Apostles, 4 John [31st October, 1202].

Between John, son of Vhtred, plaintiff, and Elias de Wenigton, (fn. 9) tenant, of two oxgangs of land with appurtenances in Wenigton. (fn. 10) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

John remitted his right to Elias and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Elias gave him three shillings sterling.

No. 10.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Sigrid, widow of Gilbert, son of Ketel, plaintiff, and John, son of Finthor, tenant, respecting the reasonable dower which she claimed in the free tenement which was Gilbert's, her husband, in Gersingeham [Gressingham].

John acknowledged that the third part, of two parts of one oxgang of land with appurtenances, to wit the third part of all his portion with appurtenances in Scathekholm towards the south, and the third part with appurtenances in Fite towards the south, and the third part with appurtenances in Holm towards the south, and the third part of Escrig with appurtenances towards the south, and the third part of the crofts, which are towards Ulvesthweit on the southernmost side, were the right and dower of Sigrith, to hold all her life in the name of dower. For this acknowledgment she gave him two shillings sterling.

No. 11.—At Westminster, on Tuesday next after the Conversion of St. Paul, 4 John [28th January, 1203].

Between William, son of Edith, plaintiff, and Benedict Gernet, (fn. 11) tenant, by Richard de Fiskwic, put in his place, &c., respecting one carucate of land with appurtenances in Ekeleston. (fn. 12) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

William remitted his claim in that carucate to Benedict and his heirs in perpetuity, except one oxgang and the third part of an oxgang of land with appurtenances in Ekeleston, between Earwe [Yarrow river] and Waleton, which Benedict granted to William and his heirs to hold in perpetuity, in like manner as the mother of the said William held it at the time of her death, rendering yearly for the same sixteen pence, to wit, at Pentecost eight pence, and at the feast of St. Michael eight pence for all service, saving forinsec service. For this quit-claim Benedict gave William two marks of silver. Furthermore, Benedict granted to William and his heirs, common of all his pasture for his beasts, and acquittance of pannage of all his own pigs in the pasture and wood belonging to the said town of Ekeleston.

No. 12.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [5th November, 1202].

Between Alan, son of Benedict, plaintiff, and Herbert de Elhal, tenant of half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Thornebuthwait. (fn. 13) A grand assize had been summoned between them.

Herbert acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of Alan, and rendered it to him and his heirs in perpetuity. For this acknowledgment Alan gave Herbert 12 marks of silver.

And let it be known that Adam de Hielande, and Leising de Coleton and their heirs, shall hold the said land of Alan and his heirs by the same service by which they formerly held of the said Herbert.

No. 13.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Henry, son of Bernard, plaintiff, and Alan de Windhull and Agnes his wife, (fn. 14) tenants of an oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Ribbecestre. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Alan and Agnes acknowledged the oxgang of land to be the right and inheritance of Henry, to hold to him and his heirs in perpetuity by the service of 12 pence yearly, to be rendered at the feast of St. Giles, for all service saving forinsec service. And they rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment Henry gave to Alan one pound of cumin.

No. 14.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [5th November, 1202].

Between Uhtred de Chyrche, plaintiff, and Matthew de Hollande, (fn. 15) tenant of 14 oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Hollande.

Uhtred quit-claimed all his right in the said 14 oxgangs of land to Matthew and his heirs in perpetuity. For which Matthew gave him 6 marks of silver.

No. 15.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [5th November, 1202].

Between Ellen, who was the wife of Richard, son of Gospatrick, plaintiff, and Gospatrick de Charlton, tenant, respecting the reasonable dower which she claimed in the free tenement which belonged to the said Richard, her husband, in Cherleton.

Ellen quit-claimed all her right in the said dower to Gospatrick and his heirs in perpetuity. For this he gave her one oxgang with the appurtenances, of two oxgangs of land which A[u]stin de Cherleton held, to wit, that which lies towards the east, and he gave her 4 sellions of land with the appurtenances in exchange for the moiety of the capital messuage which belonged to the oxgang of land which Gospatrick gave her, to wit, 2 sellions which lie next to Jordan's ditch towards the south, and 2 sellions near the said Jordan's sellion towards the south, to hold for her life in the name of dower, performing forinsec service for all service.

No. 16.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [5th November, 1202].

Between Akarias de [Oust]wick, (fn. 16) plaintiff, and William de Tunstall, and Thomas his son, tenants, by the said Thomas put in the said William's place, etc., of 100 acres of land with the appurtenances, beyond the stream which runs between Alnov and Tunstall, and the several meadows of Canceveld and Tunstall, as far as the stream of Lone.

Akarias quit-claimed his right in the land to William and Thomas and their heirs. And for this quitclaim they granted to him 4 hills (?) to wit, Scaleberge, Herdhappelire, Withekenberg, and Sorithsteinberg, from the brook between Scaleberg and Lethoneberg downwards as that brook runs into Kant, (fn. 17) and so upwards by the brook which comes from Watriveling and runs down towards Crosseberg, to lie uncultivated for common pasture of all their beasts in Tunstall and Canceveld for ever.

And let it be known that William and Thomas and their heirs, and their men shall cause Lethorneberg, Struteberg, Lathebolt, Thorneberg, and Witeberg, and Langerig to be cultivated to whatever extent they may wish, and the residue which shall be uncultivated shall remain for the common pasture of the beasts as well of Akarias, as of William and Thomas and their men, so that no meadow shall be made in all this aforesaid uncultivated land.

Which common pasture Akarias and his heirs shall hold of William and Thomas and their heirs in perpetuity, by the service of one pound of pepper to be rendered yearly at the Nativity of our Lord for all service. And if it shall happen that William and Thomas, or their heirs shall wish to convert (attornare) any other common pasture within the bounds of Tunstall, they shall provide for Akarias and his heirs, reasonable entry to that pasture for the said service.

No. 17.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Ralph de Reineford, plaintiff, and William Her . . . tenant of three oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Reineford. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Ralph quit-claimed his right in the land to William and his heirs. And for this quit-claim William gave Ralph three parts, with the appurtenances, of the wood and plain which he had within Blacstaneclohhum and Lannclohhum, and from Blacstaneclohhum upwards to Brokkarelee, and from Brokkarelee to Biricherelee, and from Biricherelee Lannclohhum downwards to the pool (tor pens) of Sanki; to hold to him and his heirs of the said William and his heirs in perpetuity, by the service of two pence, to be rendered yearly at the Nativity of St. John the Baptist for all service.

And let it be known that Ralph and all his men who shall dwell on that land, shall have common of the whole pasture which belongs to the town of Reineford, (fn. 18) as well in wood as in plain, for their beasts, and shall have their pigs acquit of pannage throughout the whole of the said William's wood in Reineford; and likewise William and all his men shall have common of pasture in all Ralph's land, as well in wood as in plain, and shall have their pigs acquit of pannage in the wood which is in that land for ever.

No. 18.—At Lancaster, on the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [28th October, 1202].

Between Robert, son of Helias, plaintiff, and Ralph de Reineford, tenant of 20 acres of land with the appurtenances in Wolvemor. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Robert quit-claimed his right in the land to Ralph and his heirs in perpetuity, and for this quit-claim Ralph gave him two marks of silver.

No. 19.—At Lancaster, on Wednesday next [after] the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [30th October, 1202].

Between Uhtred, son of Caruwad', plaintiff, and Richard, son of Robert, tenant of 16 acres of land with the appurtenances in Lathum. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Richard acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of Uhtred, to hold to him and his heirs, of Richard and his heirs in perpetuity, by two shillings to be rendered yearly on the morrow of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, for all service; and he rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment Uhtred gave him ten shillings sterling.

No. 20.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [29th October, 1202].

Between Adam, son of Mary and Dionisia his wife, plaintiffs, and Richard de Hocwik, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Hocwik. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Adam and Dionisia quit-claimed all their right in the land to Richard and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Richard gave them half a caracute of land with the appurtenances in Hokwik, to wit, two oxgangs with the appurtenances, which Amabel daughter of John held, and one oxgang which Orme de Hokwik held, and one oxgang which Roger de Hokwic held; to hold free and acquitted from the said Richard and his heirs for ever, performing the service due therefrom to the Abbot of Evesham, the chief lord.

No. 21.—At Lancaster, on the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [28th October, 1202]:

Between Thomas, son of Jordan, plaintiff, and Hugh de Elande, and Uhtred and Michael, tenant (sic) of two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Hunnordesfeld. (fn. 19) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Hugh, Uhtred and Michael acknowledged the land to be the right of Thomas, to hold to him and his heirs, of Hugh and his heirs in perpetuity, by the service of 2s. 8d. to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Martin for all service, saving forinsec service. And they rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment Thomas gave Hugh one mark of silver.

No. 22.—At York, on Thursday next after the Octave of St. Martin, 4 John [21st November, 1202].

Between William, son of Waldef de Ulverston, plaintiff, and Roger de Hedon, tenant of half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Thorwerghe. (fn. 20) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

William quit-claimed his right in the land to Roger and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Roger gave him ten marks of silver.

No. 23.—At Lancaster, on Wednesday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [30th October, 1202].

Between William, son of Roger, (fn. 21) plaintiff, and William, Prior of the Hospital of [St John of] Jerusalem, tenant of one acre of land with the appurtenances in Bardeseia. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

William quit-claimed his right in the land to the said Prior and his successors in perpetuity. For this quit-claim the Prior gave him five shillings sterling.

No. 24.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Thomas de Rawinton, plaintiff, and Alexander de Pulkinton, and William his brother, and Alice his sister, tenants of two and a half oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Rowinton (fn. 22) and Wrdestorn. (fn. 23) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Thomas quit-claimed his right in the land to Alexander, William and Alice, and their heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim, Alexander granted to the said Thomas one oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Wrdestorn being one of the said oxgangs, to hold to him and his heirs of Alexander and his heirs for ever, by forinsec service for all service.

No. 25.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Walter de Aldeventon, plaintiff, and Siward de Deukesbiri, tenant of 6 oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Adelventon. (fn. 24) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Siward, acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of Walter. For this acknowledgment Walter granted the land to him, to hold to him and his heirs in perpetuity, by the service of 3s. 6d. to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Martin for all service, saving forinsec service.

No. 26.—At Lancaster, on Tuesday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [5th November, 1202].

Between Margaret, formerly the wife of Richard de Lancaster, plaintiff, and Robert, son of Bernard, Orme, son of Roger, and Roger, his brother, tenants, respecting the reasonable dower which she claimed in the free tenement which belonged to the said Richard her husband in Wrichtington, Perebold, and Dauton. (fn. 25)

Margaret quit-claimed her right in the said dower to Robert, Orme, and Roger, and their heirs in perpetuity. For which quit-claim they gave her three marks of silver.

No. 27.—At Lancaster, on Friday next after the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, 4 John [25th October, 1202].

Between Syrid, daughter of Vivian, plaintiff, and Henry, son of Bernard, (fn. 26) tenant, of 4 oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Perebold. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Syrid quit-claimed her right in the land to Henry and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim he gave her 8 shillings sterling.

No. 28.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the Octave of St. Luke the Evangelist, 4 John [27th October, 1202].

Between Gilbert de Towers, plaintiff, and William, son of Robert, (fn. 27) tenant, of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Hotunr . . au. (fn. 28) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

William acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of Gilbert, and rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment Gilbert gave him one mark of silver.

No. 29.—At Lancaster, on Wednesday next after the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [30th October, 1202].

Between Simon Blundel and Sigherid his wife, plaintiffs, and Alan and Benedict de Liddigate, (fn. 29) tenants, of two parts (i.e., 2/3rds) of two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Gildus and Sureheued. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Simon and Sigherid, his wife, quit-claimed their right in the land to Alan and Benedict and their heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Alan and Benedict gave them 16 shillings sterling.

No. 30.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the Octave of St. Luke the Evangelist, 4 John [27th October, 1202].

Between Alexander, son of William, (fn. 30) plaintiff, and John and Geoffrey, sons of Robert, tenants of two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Neubold. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

John and Geoffrey acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of Alexander. For this acknowledgment Alexander gave this land to Geoffrey, to hold to him and his heirs in perpetuity, by the service of two shillings to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Martin for all service, saving forinsec service.

No. 31.—At Lancaster, on Monday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [4th November, 1202].

Between Matilda, formerly the wife of Ralph Dagun, (fn. 31) plaintiff, and Thomas the Parson, and Adam the Clerk of Middelton, and Avice, wife of Ranulph the Parson, Matthew de Colwe, Thomas Chanceben, William, son of Ranulph, and Matthew de Quike, tenants, respecting the reasonable dower which she claimed in the free tenement which belonged to the said Ralph, her husband, in Solhher [Sholver].

Matilda quit-claimed all her right in the land to Thomas, Adam, Avice, Matthew, Thomas, William, and Matthew, and their heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim they gave her thirty shillings sterling.

No. 32.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of All Saints, 4 John [3rd November, 1202].

Between John, son of Robert, plaintiff, and Alan de Windhul and Agnes, his wife, tenants of one oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Ribbecestre. (fn. 32) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Alan and Agnes acknowledged the land to be the right and inheritance of John, to hold to him and his heirs in perpetuity, by the service of 12 pence to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Giles for all service, saving forinsec service. And they rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment John gave Alan one pound of cumin.

No. 33.—At York, on Sunday next after the Octave of St. Martin, 4 John [24th November, 1202].

Between Henry de Fiskwic and Matilda, his wife, plaintiffs, and Roger de Leicestre, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Ribelton. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them. (fn. 33)

Roger acknowledged the land to be the right of the said Henry and Matilda, and granted it to them, to hold to them and their heirs in perpetuity, by the service of ten shillings to be rendered yearly, to wit, at the feast of the Nativity of our Lord, 2s. 6d.; at Easter, 2s. 6d.; at the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, 2s. 6d.; and at the feast of St. Michael, 2s. 6d., for all service, saving forinsec service. For this grant Henry and Matilda gave him four marks of silver.

No. 34.—At York, on Saturday next after the Octave of St. Martin, 4 John [23rd November, 1202].

Between Alexander, son of Ulf de Hiton, plaintiff, and Roger de Heton, tenant of four oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Urswic. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Roger acknowledged the land to be the right of Alexander. For this acknowledgment Alexander granted the said land to Roger and his heirs, to hold of Ulf, father of the said Alexander, by the service of 5s. 4d. yearly for all service, to wit, 2s. 8d. at Easter and 2s. 8d. at the feast of St. Michael. And after the decease of Ulf, Roger and his heirs shall hold the land of Alexander and his heirs in perpetuity, by the aforesaid service. For this grant Roger gave Alexander ten marks of silver.

No. 35.—At Lancaster, on the feast of the Apostles Simon and Jude, 4 John [28th October, 1202]. (fn. 34)

Between Henry de Pulkinton, plaintiff, and Alexander de Pulkinton, tenant of three oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Revington and Worthesthorn. (fn. 35) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Henry quit-claimed all his right in the land to Alexander and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Alexander gave him one mark of silver.

No. 36.—At Westminster, in three weeks from Easter, 5 John [16 May, 1204].

Between Gilbert fitz Reimfrei and Hawise his wife, plaintiffs, by Hugh le Spicer put in their place, and Hugh de Letewelle, tenant, by William de Paris, put in his place, of the sixth part of two carucates of land with the appurtenances in Scoteford and Natebi. (fn. 36)

Hugh acknowledged the land to be the right of Hawise and remitted it to the said Gilbert and Hawise, and to the heirs of Hawise in perpetuity. For this acknowledgment they gave him 17 marks of silver.

No. 37.—At Westminster, in three weeks from Holy Trinity, 6 John [11th July, 1204].

Between William, Prior of Lancaster, plaintiff, by Master Benedict, put in his place, and Peter de la Hulle, (fn. 37) tenant of four oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Hull. (fn. 38)

Peter acknowledged the land to be the right of the Prior and Church of St. Mary of Lancaster. For this acknowledgment the Prior granted the said land to Peter to hold for life, by the free service of half a mark yearly, for all service and demand of the said Prior and his successors, to be rendered at the two terms, to wit, at the feasts of St. Martin 40d. and at Pentecost 40d. After Peter's decease the land to revert to the Prior and his successors, quit of all claim by the heirs of the said Peter for ever.

No. 38.—At Westminster, [date mutilated].

Between Gilbert fitz Reinfred and Hawise his wife, plaintiffs, by Adam, son of Roger, put in their place, and Juliana de Scozford, tenant, by Nicholas de Lacton, put in her place, of the sixth part of three carucates of land with the appurtenances in Scozford and Nateby, and in Burgh. (fn. 39)

Juliana acknowledged the land to be the right of Gilbert and Hawise and quit-claimed it to them and the heirs of Hawise in perpetuity. For this acknowledgment they gave her 17 marks of silver.

No. 39.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of St. Michael, 6 John [13th October, 1204].

Between Roger, Abbot of Evesham, plaintiff, by William de Capes put in his place, and Robert, son of Geoffrey, (fn. 40) tenant of three oxgangs of land and a messuage with the appurtenances in Penwrtham.

Robert acknowledged the land and messuage to be the right of the Abbot and Church of St. Egwin of Evesham. For this acknowledgment the Abbot granted the land and messuage to Robert and his heirs, to hold of the Abbot and his successors in perpetuity, by the free service of five shillings yearly for all service, to be rendered at the Assumption of the Blessed Mary. For this grant Robert gave the Abbot five marks of silver.

No. 40.—At the Exchequer, London, on Thursday next after the feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, 7 John [20th October, 1205].

Between Robert Gresley, plaintiff, by Theobald Hautein put in his place, and Richard de Pierpont, tenant of 40 acres of wood with the appurtenances in Lostok and Rumwrth. A jury of grand assize had been summoned between them. (fn. 41)

Richard acknowledged the wood to be the right of Robert, and rendered it to him. For this acknowledgment Robert gave him a gold ring.

No. 41.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Matthias the Apostle, 7 John [26th February, 1206].

Between William, Abbot of Leicestre, plaintiff, and Peter de Stalemin, tenant of two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Kokerheim. (fn. 42)

Peter acknowledged the land to be the right of the Abbot, and of his Church of Leicestre, and remitted it to him and to his successors, and to his church of Leicestre. For this acknowledgment the Abbot gave him thirty shillings sterling. And be it known that Peter has acknowledged that he has no charter thereof from William de Lancaster. Wherefore if he or his heirs should hereafter proffer any charter, it shall be held of no effect.

No. 42.—At Westminster, on the Octave of Holy Trinity, 8 John [4th June, 1206].

Between Siward de Langetre, plaintiff, and Ralph de Stanedis, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Langetre, and one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Stanedis. (fn. 43)

The carucate of land in Langetre, and the moiety of the advowson of the church of Stanedis, and the moiety of common of the wood of Stanedis, in all matters and liberties appurtenant to that wood, together with 16 acres of assarted land in that town, near the said wood towards the north, shall remain to Siward and his heirs, quit of any claim by Ralph and his heirs for ever. The carucate of land in Stanedis, with the other moiety of the advowson of the church of that town, and the other moiety of common of wood of that town in all matters and liberties, together with 16 acres of assarted land on the south side of Stanedis church, shall remain to Ralph and his heirs, quit of any claim by Siward and his heirs for ever.

And be it known that neither of them shall have power hereafter to make any assart in the wood of Stanedis without the consent of the other. Any chirograph previously made between them respecting this land to be altogether of no effect.

No. 43.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of Holy Trinity, 8 John [11th June, 1206].

Between Henry de Kelet, (fn. 44) plaintiff, by Hugh Le Specier put in his place, and Matilda, daughter of Uhctred, tenant, by Adam her son, put in her place, of one carucate and a half of land with the appurtenances in Kellet, and half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Bar.

Henry quit-claimed his right in the land to Matilda and her heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Matilda gave him five marks of silver.

No. 44.—At Westminster, in three weeks from Easter, 8 John [13th May, 1207].

Between Gilbert, son of Roger fitz Reinfred, and Hawise, his wife, plaintiffs, by Adam de Hieland, put in their place, and Paul, Abbot of Leicestre, and the Convent of the same place, tenants of two carucates of land with the appurtenances in Cokerheim (fn. 45) and Crimbles. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Gilbert and Hawise lovingly, and for the souls of their ancestors, quit claimed to the Abbot and Convent, and to their successors, all right in the said land from themselves and their heirs in perpetuity. The Abbot and Convent lovingly agreed, at the petition of Gilbert and Hawise, and of the heirs of Hawise, to appoint at the present time three canons in their church of Cokerheim, and when Reginald, chaplain of the same church shall die, the said Abbot and Convent and their successors will appoint in the said church four canons, and so for ever.

No. 45.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of St. Michael, 8 John [13th October, 1206].

Between William, Abbot of Leicestre, plaintiff, by brother Peter his canon, put in his place, and Herbert de Elhale, tenant of two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Crumles [Crimbles]. (fn. 46)

Herbert acknowledged the land to be the right of the said Abbot, and of the church of St. Mary de Pratis of Leicestre, and remitted it to him and his successors in perpetuity. For this acknowledgment the Abbot gave him 5½ marks of silver.

No. 46.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of Easter, 9 John [20th April, 1208].

Between Adam, son of Roger, and Herbert de [Elhale, by . . . . ] de Geersteng, put in his place, respecting two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Elhale, and half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Thornubythuieitht [Nibthwaite]. A plea of warranty of charter had been summoned between them. (fn. 47)

Herbert warranted to Adam the said land, and the charter thereof which Grimbald de Elhal, father of Herbert, made to Roger, son of Adam, father of the said Adam, in these words—

"Know all men, present and to come, that I Grimbald de Elhale have given and granted, and by this my present charter confirmed to Roger, son of Adam and his heirs, two oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Elhale, and half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Thornubythueith, with Sunneva my daughter in frank marriage; to hold of me and my heirs, to him and his heirs of the said Sunneva issuing, freely and quietly, peacefully and honourably, with all easements and liberties thereunto appertaining. And when it shall happen that service ought to be performed respecting that marriage, he who shall hold that land, and his heirs, shall render to me and my heirs for all service and demand, one pound of cumin at the feast of St. Michael."

For this warranty and agreement Adam gave Herbert three marks of silver.

No. 47.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of St. Michael, 9 John [13th October, 1207].

Between Albrea de Tylly, plaintiff, by Richard de Ketelewell put in her place, and Henry de Blakeburne, tenant of the third part of two carucates of land with the appurtenances in Wisewell, which the said Albrea claimed to be her reasonable dower of the gift of William de Arches formerly her husband, in the said town. (fn. 48)

Henry acknowledged the said third part to be the reasonable dower of Albrea. For this acknowledgment she granted the same to him and his heirs, to hold of her during her life by free service, rendering yearly one sparrow hawk at the feast of St. James for all service. And for this grant he gave her 5 marks of silver. And be it known that the sparrow hawk shall be a sor, and sound (sorus et integer).

No. 48.—At Westminster, on the Quindene of Easter, 9 John [20th April, 1208].

Between Hugh de Moretuyn and Margaret his wife, by Henry the porter, put in Margaret's place, and Richard le Boteler, of one oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Warton, and the service of four oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in the same town. A plea of warranty of charter had been summoned between them. (fn. 49)

Richard warranted to Hugh and Margaret the said land and service, and the charter thereof, which Quenild, mother of Richard, made to the said Margaret, in these words—

"Know all men present and to come, that I Quenild de Wartun, with the assent and consent of Richard le Boteler, my heir, have given and granted, and by this my present charter confirmed to Margaret, daughter of Richard, son of Roger, for her homage and service, one oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Wartun, to wit, that oxgang which Gospateric held. Moreover, I have given and granted to the said Margaret, all the service of Stephen le Boteler and his heirs from four oxgangs of land, which ought to be made to me. To hold of me and my heirs, freely and quietly, performing so much knight's service as belongs to five organgs of land, when nine carucates make the service of one knight, for all service."

For this warranty Hugh and Margaret gave Richard one mark of silver.

No. 49.—At Derby, on Monday next before the Ascension of our Lord, 10 John [4 May, 1209].

Between Walter, son of Swain, plaintiff, and W[illiam], Abbot of Leicestre, tenant of one oxgang of land with the appurtenances in Crumeles.

Walter acknowledged the said oxgang to be the right of the Abbot, and of his church of Leicestre, and quit-claimed, and will warrant it to the Abbot and his successors, and to his said church in perpetuity. For this acknowledgment Grimbald, son and heir of Herbert de Elhal, who formerly granted and quitclaimed that oxgang to the Abbot in the court of the Lord the King, (fn. 50) gave Walter 8½ marks of silver.

No. 50.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Michael, 10 John [5th October, 1208].

Between Siward de Derewent, and Juliana his wife, plaintiffs, and William de Reineford, tenant of three oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Reineford. (fn. 51) A jury of grand assize had been summoned between them.

Siward and Juliana acknowledged the land to be the right of William. For this acknowledgment William gave and granted to Siward and Juliana ten acres of that land, with a share of the new cultivation between the place called Bicswahe and the ford (vadus) of Holecroft, to hold to them and the heirs of Juliana, of him and his heirs, by the free service of sixpence to be rendered yearly at the Assumption of the Blessed Mary, for all service.

No. 51.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Michael, 10 John [5th October, 1208].

Between Helen, formerly the wife of John de Heselrigg, plaintiff, and Ralph de Heselrigg, tenant of the third part of two carucates and 13 acres and a half of land with the appurtenances in Heselrigg, (fn. 52) which Helen claimed against Ralph in dower, of the gift of the said John, formerly her husband.

Ralph acknowledged the said third part to be the dower of Helen, to hold of him and his heirs, rendering yearly 3 shillings at two terms, to wit, at Pentecost and the feast of St. Martin, for all service. For this acknowledgment Helen quit-claimed to Ralph her right in the name of dower in seven score sheep, with the whole of their issue for 14 years, and in all the corn and household goods, which belonged to the said John, formerly her husband.

No. 52.—At Knareburch, on Thursday next after the feast of St. Mark the Evangelist, 10 John [30th April, 1209].

Between Reiner, son of Ralph, plaintiff, and Eudo de Lungvillers, tenant of 4 oxgangs of land with the appurtenances in Bridestwisel. (fn. 53) An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them.

Reiner acknowledged the land to be the right of Eudo. For this acknowledgment Eudo gave and granted to Reiner three oxgangs of the said land, towards the east, to hold to him and his heirs, of Eudo and his heirs by the service of 6 shillings to be rendered yearly on St. Giles' day, for all service saving forinsec service. So that Eudo and his heirs shall acquit Reiner and his heirs from all service to the chief lords for that land. And for this grant Reiner quit-claimed to Eudo and his heirs in perpetuity, all right in the fourth oxgang of the said four oxgangs, to wit, in that which is towards the west. So that 20 acres of land which Thomas, son of Gospatric, formerly held, part of the said four oxgangs, are computed to Eudo in his oxgang, which remains to him; for which 20 acres Reiner and his heirs shall have 20 acres of that oxgang, which remains to Eudo towards the west.

No. 53.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, 10 John [7th December, 1208].

Between Alice de Haggethorp, plaintiff, and Alice de Windeg, tenant by Adam de Yeland put in her place, of half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Haggestorp. (fn. 54)

Alice de Haggetorp quit-claimed to Alice de Windeg and her heirs all right in the land. For this quit-claim the latter gave the former three marks of silver, and one cow of the price of 5 shillings.

No. 54.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, 10 John [7th December, 1208].

Between Richard de Heggefeld and Godith his wife, by the said Richard put in Godith's place, and Thomas [T]honestal, and Matilda his wife, by the said Thomas put in Matilda's place, and Ingrid, John, and Acarias, by Benedict the priest put in Ingrid's place, plaintiffs, and Hugh de Morewic, of the rent and multure of six carucates of land with the appurtenances in Farletones and Cancefeld. (fn. 55)

John, Acarias and Ingrid quit-claimed from themselves and their heirs, and Richard and Godith, Thomas and Matilda quitclaimed from themselves and the heirs of Godith and Matilda, to Hugh and his heirs, all their right in the multure of three carucates of the said six carucates in Farletones, in perpetuity. For this quit-claim, Hugh remitted to them and their heirs twelve solidates and four denariates of rent, part of thirty-nine solidates of rent, which they ought to pay yearly to him from the manor and mill of Cancefeld, and from the multure of the said six carucates, which they hold of him in Cancefeld and Farletones.

No. 55.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Michael, 11 John [5th October, 1208].

Betwee Sybil and Amiria, daughters of William, plaintiffs, and Adam Banastre, tenant of half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Bekaneshou. An assize of mort d'ancestor had been summoned between them. (fn. 56)

Sybil and Amiria acknowledged the land to be the right of Adam. For this acknowledgment he granted to them the moiety of the said land, to wit, that moiety lying towards the south, to hold to them and their heirs, of him and his heirs by the free service of 2s. 6d., to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Michael for all service. And be it known that no part of the said land, which William, son of Henry held, ought to be comprized in the said moiety, which remains to Sybil and Amiria.

No. 56.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, 10 John [7th December, 1208].

Between Gilbert fitz Reinfrid and Hawise, his wife, plaintiffs, by Gilbert de Lancaster, put in her place, and Richard Boteler, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Clacton. (fn. 57) A jury of grand assize had been summoned between them.

Richard acknowledged the land to be the fee and right of Hawise. Moreover he acknowledged a certain other carucate of land with the appurtenances in the said town, to wit, that which Richard, son of Uctred, and Robert de Stanford held, to be the fee and right of Hawise, and quit-claimed from himself and his heirs, to Gilbert and Hawise, and the heirs of Hawise, all right in the said fee and land. So that Adam de Clacton, who held half a carucate of the said land, of Richard by forinsec service for half a carucate of land, where nine carucates with the appurtenances make the service of one knight, for all service, and the heirs of the said Adam; and Michael de Clacton, who held half a carucate of the said land of Richard by the said service, and the heirs of the said Michael; and Walter de Wenequec who held half a carucate of the said land of Richard by the said service, and the heirs of the said Walter; and Richard de Stanford, who held half a carucate of the said land of the said Richard by the said service, and the heirs of Richard de Stanford; shall hold the said land of Gilbert and Hawise, and the heirs of Hawise, as they formerly held of Richard Boteler. For this quitclaim Gilbert and Hawise gave Richard Boteler two marks of silver. And be it known that the land belonging to the house of the Hospital of Jerusalem, which the Brethren thereof formerly held of that half carucate, and which the said Adam held, shall be held as they formerly held it.

No. 57.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Michael, 10 John [5th October, 1208].

Between Henry de Kellet, plaintiff, and Hugh de Morwic, deforciant, respecting the course of the waters of Solebec and Mikelebec, whereupon Henry complained that Hugh had diverted those waters from their course to the injury of his free tenement in Clahton [Claughton, in Lonsdale].

Henry granted for himself and his heirs, that Hugh and his heirs may freely and without hindrance of Henry or his heirs, divert the said waters to their mill of Farleton at their pleasure, and so that they may have the greater easement thereof. For this agreement, Hugh gave him five marks of silver. And Henry and his heirs will warrant the said waters to be so conducted to the said mill, to Hugh and his heirs against all men, in perpetuity.

No. 58.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, 10 John [7th December, 1208].

Between Stephen de Hamerton, plaintiff, and Hugh de Mitton, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in Acton [Aighton]. A jury of grand assize had been summoned between them. (fn. 58)

Stephen quit-claimed all his right in the land to Hugh and his heirs. For this quit-claim Hugh gave him 14 marks of silver.

No. 59.—At York, on the Quindene of Easter, 10 John [12th April, 1209].

Between Robert Gredley, plaintiff, and Richard, son of Robert, deforciant, respecting the services and customs which Robert claimed from him, for the tenement which he held of Robert in Alreton [Allerton], (fn. 59) the which Richard refused to render to him.

Richard rendered to Robert the whole of the tenement, which he held of him, and as he held it of him, and quit-claimed it from him and his heirs, to Robert and his heirs in perpetuity. For this quit-claim Robert gave him 40 shillings.

No. 60.—At Lancaster, on Sunday next after the feast of St. Nicholas, 10 John [7th December, 1208].

Between Helias de Bilinton, plaintiff, and Helias de Plesinton, tenant of one carucate of land with the appurtenances in [Plesin]ton, and 6 acres of land with the appurtenances in Billinton.

Helias de Billinton acknowledged the land to be the right of Helias de Plesinton, to hold of him and his heirs by the free service of eight shillings to be rendered yearly at the feast of St. Giles, for all service saving forinsec service belonging to that land. For this acknowledgment Helias de Plesinton gave him six marks of silver.

No. 61.—At York, on the morrow of St. Thomas the Apostle, 12 John [22nd December, 1210].

Between Sabina de Hocwic, plaintiff, and Richard de Hocwic, tenant of half a carucate of land with the appurtenances in Hocwic. (fn. 60)

Richard acknowledged the land to be the right of Sabina. this acknowledgment Sabina granted the land to him, to hold of the chief lords of that fee, except two oxgangs of the said land, to wit, one with the messuage and other appurtenances, which Albin, son of Sired held, and another which Richard, son of Warin held, with the messuage which belonged to Roger Briton; and except 10 acres of the said land, which lie between the marsh of Hocwic and Smeleden; and except the homage and service of Roger, son of Gamel, from nine acres of land, which he holds of that land, to wit, 18 pence for all service; which 2 oxgangs, 10 acres of land, messuages and service shall quietly remain to Sabina and her heirs. This concord was made in the presence of, and with the consent of Roger [son of] Gamel, who also acknowledged that he owed that service. And be it known that Sabina and her heirs shall hold the said two oxgangs, 10 acres of land, two messuages, and the service of Roger [son of] Gamel, of the Abbot of Evesham and his successors by the service thereto belonging.

No. 62.—At Lancaster, [between 25th October and 7th November, 1202].

Between Edusa, who was the wife of Alan de Windhulle, (fn. 61) plaintiff, and Alan, son of Alan, tenant, respecting the reasonable dower belonging to her of the free tenement which Alan her husband held in Skelmersdale, and Syfrethelegh, Penbreton, and Windhull.

Edusa quit-claimed to Alan and his heirs, all her right in the said dower. For this quit-claim he granted to Edusa one toft in Penbreton which is called Hennewurthe, and one oxgang of land with the appurtenances which Harvey held, and one oxgang of land which Ailwin held, and all the third part of the meadow called Torkraell towards the east in Skelmersdale, and one oxgang of land which Ralph held in Skelmaresden, and the third part of one oxgang of land in the said town which Levenat held, and the third part of certain land called Tunstede of Alan's demesne in Skelmaresden, towards the west; to hold to Edusa for life in the name of dower. After her decease, the said land shall peaceably revert to Alan and his heirs. Moreover he gave her 3 marks of silver, 22 pence and 16 woodland mares. And let it be known that Edusa shall have the third part of the mill of Skelmeresden for life.

Footnotes

1 Robert de Lathom probably died in the spring of 1199. Richard, his sou and heir fined for his relief 10 marks and two palfreys, before Easter, 1201 (Pipe Roll, p. 136). Amabel, widow of Robert de Lathom, who was endowed of Knowsley and Anlafs-argh (now Anglezark), by this concord, was probably a second wife. She is called "dau. of Simon" in No. 7, postea. Robert de Lathom's first wife was the daughter and heiress of Orm, son of Ailward, and his wife Emma, dau. of Albert Grelley. She brought to her said husband, one knight's fee in Dalton, Parbold and Wrightington, of which her father had been enfeoffed upon his marriage by Albert Grelley. The manor of Ashton-under-Lyne, given to the said Orm in like manner, descended to the heirs of Orm de Ashton, by his wife, another dau. of Orm, son of Ailward. Possibly a third dau. married Bernard, son of Ailsi of Goosnargh. It has been stated by various authorities, Baines, Ormerod, and many others, that the estate last referred to was Urmston, and not Ashtonunder-Lyne. This is a very stupid mistake indeed, because Urmston never belonged to the Grelley family, or to the barony of Manchester, but was held by a local family, bearing the name of their estate, of the heirs of Ranulf de Marsey in 1212, and in after years, first of William, Earl Ferrers, and afterwards of Edmund, Earl of Lancaster. It is to be hoped that this glaring and oft-repeated mis-statement will be heard of no more.
All the pedigrees of the Lathom family trace the acquisition of Knowsley to the marriage of Sir Robert de Lathom, Kt., grandson of the above Richard, to Catherine, dau. and heiress of Robert de Knowsley, erroneously so called. What estates she brought her husband I do not know, but Knowsley, Huyton and Torbock were certainly held by Henry, son of Siward, grandfather of the above Richard de Lathom, for one of his sons inherited Torbock, and the other, Robert, inherited Knowsley, in which, after his death, his widow Amabel received her dower. The survey of 1212 records that Richard [de Lathom], son of Robert, held one knight's fee of Roger, Constable of Chester, as of the Barony of the Constable, i.e., Widnes. This was Knowsley, Huyton, and Torbock. Further, in the Perambulation of the Forests in the year 1228, the jurors stated, respecting Croxteth Park, that it had been put in fence, i.e., afforested since the coronation of Henry II., that it belonged to Knowsley, to the heir of Robert, son of Henry [de Lathom], and that it ought to be disforested according to the tenour of the Charter of the Forests.
The name of the place which cannot be read in the original, is probably Anlaf's argh.
2 King John when he was Count of Mortain (1189–1194). confirmed to Robert, son of Hugh, four oxgangs of land in Preesall and Hackensall, which his father had held, to hold by the free service of free serjeanty. This King John confirmed by charter, dated at Chinon, September 28th, 1199. Two years later the King granted these two townships to Geoffrey Arbalaster, whereupon contention arose between them, which was composed by this concord.
3 "Per servicium liberse serjantiæ sequendi Comitatum et hundredum pro terra ipsius Gaufridi in eadem villa, et summoniendi placita Curiæ ipsius Gaufridi in eadem villa."
4 Before John, Bishop of Norwich, Hugh Bardulf, John de Gestelings, Master Roger Arundel and William Fitz Richard, Justices in Eyre at Lancaster.
5 Pennington, in Furness. See Coucher of Furness.
6 Thornley, par. of Chipping.
7 Anglezark was given by Albert Grelley to Robert de Lathom, son of Henry, to hold by the service of three shillings yearly. The land was two oxgangs. (Testa, ii., f. 823).
8 Down-Litherland contained three carucates, and was held by Richard Molyneux of Sefton in 1212. One moiety of this estate had been given to him— probably by Henry II.—in exchange for Toxteth, which the King desired to afforest. Six oxgangs of this moiety were held by Robert de Walton for 10s., and the remaining six oxgangs by Richard, son of Siward, named in the Fine, for the same service. (Testa, ii, f. 812).
9 A tenant of Roger de Montbegon in Farleton, in 1212. (Testa, ii, f. 832).
10 Wennington, in the par. of Melling, Lonsdale Hundred.
11 Benedict Gernet was Chief Forester of Lancashire. Two carucates in Eccleston were members of his Forest fee. The carucate referred to here appears to be the same as that held in 1252 by Warin de Walton of Roger Gernet by the service of 4s. and suit of court.
12 Eccleston, in Leyland Hundred.
13 This seems to be Nibthwaite, the appellative syllable "Thor" having been lost. By this fine the tenant of the land, Herbert de Ellel, released his right to Alan de Pennington, son of Benedict. But Adam de Yealand and Leising de Colton who had been tenants under Herbert, now became tenants under Alan.
14 Cf. No. 32 postea. Amabel, dau. of Alan de Windle and Agnes his wife, married Walter de Moton. (Coucher of Whalley, p. 868).
15 Matthew de Holland, and Alan held 2 car. in Up-Holland in 1212 under Henry de Melling, by ferm of 12s. yearly. (Testa ii., f. 812). Perhaps this estate had been "gaged" to Ughtred de Church.
16 In Michaelmas Term, 3 John, Gilbert de Notton came to the King's Court and released to Akarias de Oustwic (Austwick, par. Clapham) and his heirs, all claim in three carucates of land with appurtenances in Cancefeld, for which Akarias gave him 6 marks. (Curia Regis Roll, No. 25, m, 4 dorso).
17 Cant Beck, from which Cantsfield takes its name.
18 The Lathoms were lords of Rainford, par. of Prescot.
19 Honorsfield or Hundersfield, par. of Rochdale. Hugh de Eland was tenant under Roger, Constable of Chester. See No. 53, temp. Hen. III. postea.
20 Torver, par. of Ulverston. William, son of Waldeve was probably brother of Richard de Tatham, son of Waldeve. See Lancashire Pipe Rolls, p. 158.
21 William, son of Roger de Bardsey. See Coucher of Furness, passim.
22 Rivington, par. of Bolton-le-Moors. Alexander de Pilkington held 6 oxgangs there in 1212, in thanage by 10s. yearly. The sons of his uncle held it of him. (Testa ii., f. 815–6).
23 Worsthorne, near Burnley, par. of Whalley.
24 Adlington, par. of Standish, was part of the estate of 5 carucates given by Warin Bussel to Ranulf de Marsey, son of Roger, in marriage with his daughter. In the year 1288, Hugh de Adlington and Adam de Duxbury each held a moiety of the township, of William, Earl Ferrers by homage, and service of 2s. 9d.
25 Albert Grelley gave one knight's fee in Dalton, Parbold, and Wrightington to Orm, son of Ailward in marriage with his daughter Emma. The heirs of Orm held this land in 1212 (Testa ii., f. 822). In this Fine we have the names of the three heirs, viz., (1) Robert, son of Bernard of Goosnargh, whose three daughters and co-heirs by his wife, Hawise, conveyed his estates in Catterall, Goosnargh and Wrightington to the families of Catterall, Longford and Mitton. (2) Orm, son of Roger, who was probably Orm de Ashton. His son and heir, Roger, son of Orm was sometimes called "de Wrightington," but ultimately assumed the name of "de Burton," from an estate acquired in Burton-inKendal, from Gilbert Fitz Reinfred (Cockersand Chartulary, ff. 68b. 146b). (3) Roger, brother of Orm de Ashton. Henry, son of Bernard, who held 4 oxgangs in Parbold (Vide next Fine, No. 27), may have been a brother of Robert, son of Barnard (1). In 1242, Robert de Lathom held 1 knight's fee in Dalton, Parbold and Wrightington; the heirs of the persons above named holding under him, and Henry, son of Richard de Torbock holding Dalton in like manner (Cf. note on Fine, No. 1, p. 8).
26 See note to No. 26. Called Henry de Parbold in the Burscough Register.
27 Cf. No. 3 supra.
28 Hutton Roof, par. of Kirkby Lonsdale; formerly called Hutton-Randulf, or Hutton Rolf.
29 Benedict, son of Simon, and Alan, his brother, held six oxgangs in Lydiate of William le Boteler in 1212, as of the barony of Warrington. (Testa ii., f. 810).
30 Alexander, son of William de Vilers of Newbold, par. Kinalton, co. Notts. His brother, John de Vilers held one knight's fee in Newbold and Owthorpe, of the Botelers of Warrington in 1242, as of the Honour of Lancaster. (Thoroton's Hist. of Notts. i., p. 154).
31 According to the survey of 1212, Ralph Tagun held 4 oxg. of William de Nevill, in the un-identified district called Kaskenmoor. (Testa. ii., f. 825). He was deceased at the date of this concord. Award Tagun was a juror for Salfordshire, upon the inquest of 1242. I am inclined to identify him as the Alward de Aldholm (Oldham), who between 1212–1242 held 2 oxg. in Vernet (Werneth) for 19d. and half a farthing. (Testa ii., f. 665). The free tenement above referred to is Sholver, a hamlet to the north of Oldham.
32 Cf. No. 13, supra.
33 Henry de Holland bought the wardship and marriage of the dau. of Henry de Ribbleton in 1201. (Lancashire Pipe Rolls, p. 141). He held the estate in chief of the King in 1212, for 8s., but had enfeoffed Roger de Leicester. Matilda was probably the ward in question, and had been married to Henry de Fishwick.
34 This is the last Final Concord of the series, which belongs to the eyre of John, Bishop of Norwich and his associates at Lancaster, from 25th October to 7th November, 1202. (Lancashire Pipe Rolls, p. 162).
35 Cf. No. 24, supra.
36 In Mich. Term, 5 John, in the King's Court, a day was given on the quindene of Mich. to Hugh Speciarius, attorney for Gilbert fitz Reinfred, and to William de Paris, attorney for Hugh de Litlewell, in a plea respecting the sixth part of two carucates of land in Scotford and Nateby. Hugh de Litlewell prayed for a view of the land. A day was given them on the guindene of St. Hilary. Subsequently concord was made as above. (Curia Regis Roll, No. 32).
37 Cf. the charter of Peter, son of William de Hoole, to the prior and monks of Lancaster, containing his declaration to adhere to the above Fine. (Reg. of Lancaster Priory, p. 31).
38 Much Hoole, in Leyland hundred.
39 Scotforth, par. Lancaster; Nateby, par. Garstang; Burrow, par. Tunstall. (Cf. No. 36, supra.)
40 Robert de Longton, son of Geoffrey Bussel. The land was that which had been given by Warin Bussel to the Abbey of Evesham. (Testa ii, f. 817.)
41 This suit was commenced in Mich. Term, 5 John. Richard de Pierpont prayed for a grand assize, whereupon Ranulf de Marsey, son of Roger, Roger de Middleton, Richard de Worsley and William de Turton were appointed to elect twelve to form the grand assize.
42 Cockerham, a par. in the hundred of Lonsdale. The whole manor had been given to the Abbey of Leicester by William de Lancaster I, which Henry II confirmed in January, 1156.
43 This suit was commenced in Hilary Term, 6 John. At Easter, 1206, Ralph de Standish proffered one mark for licence to concord. (C. R. Roll, No. 42.
44 In the quindene of Easter, 1206, in the King's Court, Matilda, dau. of Ughtred puts Adam, her son in her place versus Henry de Kellet, in a plea of land. Henry puts Hugh le Spicer in his place. (C. R. Roll, No. 42, m. 10 dorso). Matilda, dau. of Humphrey (sic) de Kellet gives ½ m. for licence to concord with Henry de Kellet, respecting the land of Kellet. Henry pays a like sum. (Ibid. m. 13). Matilda was the widow of Adam de Kellet, son of Orm. By this fine she recovered 1½ car. in Upper Kellet, and ½ car. in Bare, which she held in thanage for 15s. 6d. yearly service. William de Kellet, who died c. 1200, held 1½ car. in Upper Kellet, 1 car. in Claughton, and ½ car. in Bare in thanage for 19s. 6d. yearly. To him succeeded Henry de Kellet, either as eldest son, or as guardian of Gilbert, who succeeded as son and heir of William in 1211. It seems probable that the wife of William de Kellet, and the said Matilda were co-heiresses of these estates, which were partitioned between their respective heirs.
45 The origin of the dispute between the heirs of William de Lancaster II, and the Abbots of St. Mary of Leicester, respecting the manor of Cockerham, has been fully dealt with in the Introduction to the Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey. This Fine records the final settlement of the dispute.
46 On the Octave of St. Michael, 8 John [6th Oct., 1206], in the King's Court, at Westminster, Herbert de Elhale gives ½ m. for license to concord with the Abbot of Leicester, respecting two oxgangs of land in Crumles (Crimbles). (C. R. Roll, No. 43, m. 5.)
47 On the Octave of St. Michael, 9 John [6th Oct., 1207], in the King's Court, Adam, son of Roger, by Hugh his attorney, sued Herbert de Elhale, in a plea of warranty of charter of land in Tornbetheweit. which he holds by his father's charter. Herbert did not appear, nor did he essoin himself, although bound by sureties, viz., Gilbert, the Forester, and Thomas, son of Hugh; and afterwards by better sureties, viz., Grimbald de Elhale, and Richard his brother. The Court directed the Sheriff to have them at Westminster on the Octave of St. Hilary to answer their default, &c. (C. R. Roll, No. 45, m. 6 dorso.) Cf. Fine No. 12 supra.
48 On the Octave of St. Michael, 8 John, in the King's Court, at Westminster, Richard, attorney for Albrey (Abbroda) sues Henry de Blakeburn for the third part of two carucates of land with appurtenances in Wiswell, as her dower. Henry being unwilling to reply to her without his warrant, it was ordered that he should have it on the Octave of St. Hilary. Richard says that it is in the custody of Alan de Arches, and requests the assistance of the Court, which is granted. (C. R. Roll, No. 43, m. 11). William de Arches, the husband of Albrey, had a confirmation from Robert de Lacy (c. 1175–1193) of privileges, which the latter's ancestors had granted to his predecessors in Wiswell, Hapton, and Osbaldeston, (Hist. of Whalley ii., p. 57, edit. 1876). Henry de Blackburn appears to have been enfeoffed of the manor of Wiswell by "de Arches." In 1242 Adam de Blackburn and Roger de Arches held ¼ knight's fee in Wiswell and Hapton of the Honour of Clitheroe. (Testa ii., f. 788.
49 On the Octave of St. Michael, 9 John [6 Oct. 1207], in the King's Court, a day is given to Henry, the Porter, attorney for Hugh de Mortoin, and Margaret his wife, and to Richard le Botiler, in a plea of warranty of charter of one oxgang of land, and of the service of four oxgangs of land in Warton (near Preston in Amounderness), upon the Octave of St. Martin. Note that the attorney of Hugh and Margaret state that they are in seisin of that land, and Richard says that he is in seisin; also that the writ speaks of five oxgangs, but in the pleading they sue only for warranty of one oxgang. (C. R. Roll, No. 45, m. 3). A day is given to Hugh Morton, by Henry his attorney, and Richard le Botiler, at the request of the parties, on the Quindene of St. Hilary (Ibid. m. 7 dorso). Cf. Cockersand Chartulary, s.t. Warton, p. 191.
50 Cf. Fine No. 45, supra.
51 Rainford, par. of Prescot, was held in socage by Sir Robert de Lathom, before 1321, of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, by homage and fealty, and by no other service. (Birch Feodary).
52 This is probably a Northumberland Fine, made before the Justices of Assize at Lancaster, viz., Adam de Port, Simon de Patshull, Henry fitz Hervey, Robert de Perci, Alexander de Pointon, Henry de Northampton, Ralph Hareng and Geoffry de L'Isle. They appear to have heard pleas at Lancaster during the week commencing 5th Oct., and again during that commencing 7th Dec, 1208.
53 For an account of Bridtwisle, in Hapton township, see Hist. of Whalley, ii., p. 58.
54 This Fine seems to relate to Hackthorp, par. of Lowther, co. Westmorland, which at one time was a member of the Barony of Kendal.
55 Adam de Montbegon gave to Geoffrey de Valoines 6 car. of land in Farleton and Cantsfield, to hold by military service. This estate was a member of Hornby, which had belonged (temp. Henry I.) to Swain fitz Alric (who died before 31 Hen. I.), and to his son, Adam fitz Swain (1130–1159), one of whose daughters, Matilda, brought Hornby in marriage to Adam de Montbegon. Hugh de Morwich, a reputed Northumbrian baron, had been enfeoffed by Philip de Valoines, brother of Geoffrey, and dying 2 Richard I., was succeeded by his son and heir, Hugh, upon his attaining his majority circa 1208. Geoffrey de Valoines died s.p., circa 1190. In the 2 Richard I., Philip de Valoines gave £ 100 for livery of the lands of his brother Geoffrey. In the 9 John, Robert fitz Walter and Gunnora, his wife, dau. and heiress of Robert de Valoines, another brother of Geoffrey, gave 100 m. for an assize of mort d'ancestor of her uncle Geoffrey, respecting Farlton, Cantsfield, and Staining, co. Lanc., Newham, co. Northumb., Burton-in-Lonsdale, co. York, and Partney, co. Linc., to be heard before the King, on the Octave of the close of Easter (1208), against Philip de Valoines, who holds those lands. The Sheriff of Lancaster was directed to summon Hugh de Morwich, who holds the manor of Farleton by the gift of the said Philip, and Akaric de Austwick, who holds the manor of Cantsfield, to be there to hear judgment. (Fine Roll, 9 John, m. 5). Among the essoins taken before the King, in a month after Mich., 1208, Hugh de Morewich essoined himself de malo veniendi against Robert fitz Walter and Gunnora his wife, by Roger de Chivinton, in a plea of land. A postscript states that Robert fitz Walter and Philip de Valoines afterwards made concord. (C. R. Roll, No. 62, m. 12). Adam de Watton (Warton ?) essoined himself de malo veniendi in an assize of land between Robert fitz Walter and Hugh de Morewich by Richard de Steinford. A postscript states that the parties withdrew sine die, having made concord. (Ibid. m. 12). By writ, dated 27 Dec., 1207, Gunnora had livery of Burton-inLonsdale, which descended to her hereditarily upon the death of Emma de Humet, widow of Geoffrey de Valoines. (Close Roll, 9 John, m. 10). In the King's Court, at Westminster, Mich. Term, 1208, Philip de Valoines puts in his place, William, his son, or Thomas de Mantalence, or William, the clerk, in a plea against those who hold the land which formerly belonged to Geoffrey de Valoines in co's. York and Lancaster, which plea he ought to prosecute with Robert fitz Walter, against Robert de Stutevill, Warin de Vesci, and Emma, his wife, Robert de Humet, Ranulf the Falconer, and the Abbot of Furness. (C. R. Roll, No. 50, m. 1). So far as Farlton and Cantsfield were concerned, the Court awarded them to Hugh de Morwich, for he, or his son, Hugh, is returned in the Feodary of 1242, as then holding these two manors for the 1/14th part of the fee of a knight. This Fine seems to suggest that John, Akarias, Ingrith, Godith, the wife of Richard de Heggefeld, and Matilda, the wife of Thomas de Tunstall, were the children and heirs of Akarias de Austwick. (Cf. Fine No. 16, supra). Akarias was probably son of Ughtred, son of Gamel de Austwick, who was a witness to various charters of Newby to Furness Abbey in the 12th century. (Annales Furnesienses).
56 Becconsall, consisting of 1 carucate of land, was given to the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem, temp. Henry I, or Stephen, by Pagan de Villers, lord of Warrington. (Testa ii., f. 809.) The Hospital seems to have granted this estate in fee farm at an early period.
57 Claughton in Amounderness was a member of the Barony of Penwortham, and was held (temp. Richard I.), by Roger le Boteler of Warton, father of Richard le Boteler, named in this Fine, under Richard, son of Roger of Wood-plumpton. It does not appear why or how Hawise, who was the only daughter and heiress of William de Lancaster II., recovered this estate from le Boteler. In the year 1252, Quenild, widow of Roger Gernet, died seised of Claughton, which she held of Edmund de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, by the service of 1/5th knight's fee, and 2s. 2d. for Castleguard.
From the above Fine it appears that Richard, son of Ughtred, who was succeeded by Walter de Winwick, and he by his son Richard de Claughton, held one fourth part of Claughton; Robert de Staunford, who was succeeded by his son Richard, another fourth part; Michael de Claughton, who was succeeded by his son William, another fourth part; and Adam de Claughton the remaining fourth part. In addition to these the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem held lands here in almoign. (See Cockersand Chartulary, s. t. Claughton, p. 253).
58 The parties to this Fine had been engaged in litigation respecting the carucate of land in Aighton, parish of Mitton (but in co. Lancaster), since Easter Term, 1203. In Mich. Term, 6 John (1204), a day was given to Stephen de Hamerton, plaintiff, and Henry (sic) de Mitton, respecting one carucate of land with appurtenances in Hacton, on the Quindene of St. Martin, on account of the default of a knight, because Alan, son of Benedict, essoined himself by William. The same day was given to Elias de Baillee, Roger de Middleton, and Roger de Kirkebi, the other knights appointed to elect a jury of grand assize. (C. R. Roll, No. 33.) In Hilary Term, 1205, a day was given at 3 weeks from Easter, because Roger de Middleton essoined himself by Walter. The other three knights also failed to appear, and the Sheriff was directed to attach them again, but he neither returned the writ, nor the names of the sureties. He was again ordered to attach them, and to come and answer for his neglect. Roger de Middleton essoined himself by Walter de Pilkington. (Ibid., No. 34.) Before the Justices of Assize at Lichfield, in Hilary Term, 1205, Stephen de Hamerton put Thomas de Hamerton in his place to win or lose in the coming Easter Term. (Assize Roll, No. 1039, m. 4.) There is no record of the proceedings in Easter and Trinity Terms, but in Michaelmas Term, 1205, Thomas Gernet, attorney for Stephen de Hamerton, essoined himself de malo lccti, and another day was given to the parties on the Octave of St. Hilary, 1206. (C. R. Roll, No. 40). The next reference to this suit is found on the Roll for the Quindene of Easter, 1206, as follows—"John, by the grace of God, &c., to the Justices of London, greeting. Know ye that Hugh de Mutton (sic) and Stephen de Hamerton, by Thomas Gernet, who declares himself to be Stephen's attorney, appeared before us on the Octave of St. Hilary, respecting a plea of land in Acton, whereof there had sometime been a dispute before us at Westminster, as they declare. And whereas we have no writ, or record of that dispute, we have given them a day before us at 3 weeks from Easter in London, and therefore, &c." (Ibid., No. 42, m. 4, dorso.) A day was given to the parties to hear the election of four knights to cause a grand assize to appear at the coming of the Justices. Stephen shall have a writ to the Sheriff of York to cause two knights of that county to be summoned to appear at the coming of the Justices to Lancaster, and the Sheriff of Lancaster to summon two knights from the co. of Lancaster, these four to elect six knights respectively from each county to hold the said grand assize. (Ibid., m. 5 dorso.) In due course of time, the above concord was made between the parties, before the Justices of Assize at Lancaster. Thus 5½ years elapsed between the commencement and termination of this suit, a not unusual occurrence at this period, when the machinery of the law was very cumbersome and tedious, and litigants took full advantage of the delays tolerated by the rules of the King's Court.
59 Richard, son of Robert de Lathom, held in 1212, of Robert Grelley 5½ car., viz., in Childwall 3 car., Aspul 1 car., Turton 1 car., and in Brockholes ½ car., by mil. serv., at the rate of 6½ car. to one knight's fee. The tenement in Allerton may have been in some way connected with this fee. However, it was resigned by this Fine, and Robert Grelley and his successors afterwards held Allerton, Dalton, and the vill of Childwall, of the Honour of Lancaster, by the service of ½ knight's fee, doing one suit for Dalton, and another for Allerton to County and Wapentake Courts. (Mamcestre, pp. 337, 352).
60 In the King's Court in Easter Term, 1210, Sabina de Howic sued Richard de Howie for half a carucate of land with appurtenances in Howic, as her right. Richard prayed for a view. A day was given them at fifteen days from the Wednesday after the Invention of Holy Cross (19th May, 1210), and in the meantime, &c. (C. R. Roll, No. 52, m. 3). Howick was given in almoign to the Abbey of Evesham by Roger the Poictevin. (Penwortham Priory, p. 8).
61 Alan de Windle, senr., died before Easter, 1200. His widow proffered 1 m. for a writ of summons to Westminster, respecting her dower against Alan de Windle, jun., the proffered fine being due for payment at Easter. The date of this Fine may be safely determined as October or November, 1202. The original chirograph is much mutilated. In 1201, Alan, son of Alan de Pemberton, proffered 10 m. for his relief after his father's death, and for a writ of right against Nicholas le Boteler, for 40s. proffered for his relief in the 10 Richard I. (Lancashire Pipe Rolls, p. 141). The family of Windle, or Windhull, was of considerable importance in co. Lancaster, in the thirteenth century. Pagan de Vilers gave 1 carucate in Wyndhill to Vivian Gernet, in marriage with Emma, his daughter, by the service of one-tenth knight's fee. In 1212, Alan, son of Alan [de Windle]. held this land of Robert de Vilers. (Testa ii., f. 810). Alan de Pemberton [alias de Windle], holds 2 carucates in Pemberton in thanage by the service of 20s. yearly, and one judgeship. Adam de Pemberton (probably uncle of Alan) holds this land. Henry, son of Lawrence, holds of Adam 4 oxgangs of that land by ancient feoffment, and Alan, son of Aldith, holds 1 oxgang [in Syfrethley] of the said Henry. (Ibid., f. 829). This last-named place appears to have been situate in Dalton township. Besides other lands, Edusa was endowed of 2 oxgangs in Skelmersdale, and of one-third the mill there, which suggests that Alan de Windle also held the greater part, if not the whole of Skelmersdale.