||A number of local place-names are
collected in Mr. G. Shaw's Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, i, 101, &c.
||4,736, including 32 of inland water,
according to the census of 1901; of this
Oldham Below Town has 1,946 acres,
and Oldham Above Town 2,790. The
increase is probably due to the inclusion
of the detached portion of Chadderton, to
the south of the town, which took place
||The original line was extended from
Werneth to Mumps in 1847; the Oldham
and Guide Bridge line was opened in
1861; the line to Royton and Rochdale
in 1863; and that to Newton Heath in
||Solhher, 1202; Solwere, 1275; Sholver, 1278; Sholuere, 1291.
||Glothic, 1212; Glotheyk, 1307,1346;
||Vernet, 1226 (?); Wernyth, 1352.
||Subs. R. bdle. 250, no. 9, Lancs.
||Quoted in E. Butterworth's Oldham
(ed. 1856), 99, 100, from the Tour
through Gt. Brit.
Oldham Notes and Gleanings, i, 190.
Country around Manch. 236. Hats
and strong fustians were then the staple
manufactures of the place.
||Pp. 92 onwards; a list of the early
mills is given, p. 117. An account of the
state of trade in 1846 is printed in Oldham
Notes and Gleanings, iii, 74–83.
||E. Butterworth, op. cit.121,188, 247.
||Three Oldham men were sentenced
to transportation in 1801; ibid. 148.
The first public meeting in favour of
reform was held on Bent Green in Sept.
1816, ibid. 167. John Knight, a local
Radical, was several times imprisoned on
charges of sedition and treason; ibid.
||Ibid. 170–2. A full report of the
proceedings at the inquest was published
by William Hone in 1820.
||Especially in 1795, 1799, 1812,
1826, and 1834; E. Butterworth, op.
cit. 138, 144, 162, 190, 213.
Oldham Notes and Gleanings, i, 194;
||Notes on the musicians in the neighbourhood are given by Edwin Butterworth, op. cit. 251–5.
Elias Hall, born in Oldham, published
a Psalm-singer's Compleat Companion in
1708. It was written at Oldham and
dedicated to the Rev. H. Pigot, rector of
Brindle and vicar of Rochdale.
Pal. Note Bk. i, 13, &c.; Lancs, and
Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 182.
||Ibid, viii, 155, 156; x, 251.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. v, 87.
||See the account of Lees Hall.
||See below, under Horsedge.
||He was a native of Prestbury, but
apprenticed in Oldham, and became hat
manufacturer there. He drowned himself
in 1810, having been for some years of
unsound mind, and his will was therefore
contested; E. Butterworth, op. cit. 153–5,
||James Butterworth, the father, was
born in Ashton in 1771. His account of
the Oldham district was published in
1817; it contains a plan of the town
and map of the chapelry, together with
pedigrees and a directory. A second
edition appeared in 1826. The author
died in 1837.
Edwin Butterworth, his son, born in
1812 at Oldham, published a brief history
of the town in 1832. He compiled the
local accounts for Baines' Hist, of Lancs.
1836. His Historical Sketches was begun
in 1847; the instalments were interrupted by his death in April 1848, but
were reprinted with a supplement in
For notices of them see the account of
Edwin by Mr. Giles Shaw in Lancs, and
Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxii; Manch Guardian
N. and Q. no. 584, 648; Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, i, 35, 205, 209.
Their works and the Oldham Annals
and Oldham Notes and Gleanings have
proved of great assistance to the editors.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Elizabeth Bradbury; Manch. Guardian
N. and Q. no. 520; Daniel Newton, ibid,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 63, 64; where it is
stated that Roger de Montbegon held
13 oxgangs in thegnage by 9s. 2½d. and by
half a judge; and that William de Nevill
had held, in right of his wife, 13 oxgangs
by 10s. 9½d. and by half a judge. Roger's
under-tenants held only 12 oxgangs;
while his share of the thegnage rent is
apparently intended for 1 oxgang less than
half, being 9½d. less than 10s. William's
tenants held 13 oxgangs, and his thegnage
rent indicates that he held an oxgang more
than half. His holding was ten years afterwards called 14 oxgangs; it had escheated
to the king; ibid. 132. Possibly an even
division had at first been made, accounting for the 13 oxgangs each of the 1212
survey, and then 1 oxgang transferred to
the Nevills, the thegnage rent being altered
Ailric held lands in Yorkshire in the
time of Edward the Confessor; his son
Swain succeeded and died in 1131, being
followed by his son Adam, a benefactor of
Pontefract, who died in 1159. Maud,
one of his daughters, married Adam de
Montbegon, and by him had a son Roger,
the holder of Kaskenmoor in 1212, who
died in 1227 without issue; she married,
secondly, John Malherbe, and their
daughters Mabel and Clemence respectively married William de la Mare, a
feudatory of the honour of Richmond
(having an heiress, wife of Geoffrey de
Nevill) and Eudo de Longvilers; thirdly,
she married Gerard de Canvill. Amabel,
the other daughter, by her first husband
had a daughter Sarah, who married Thomas
de Burgo and had issue; and by her second
husband, Alexander de Crevequer, left a
daughter Cecily, who by her husband,
William de Nevill, was ancestor of the
Nevills of Mirfield. These particulars
are from the account of the family by the
late Richard Holmes in his edition of the
Chartul. of St. John of Pontefract (Yorks.
Arch. Soc), i, 95 ; ii, 306, 307, with
William de Nevill occurs in 1201 as
contributing 40s. to the tallage; Lancs.
Pipe R. 151. The sheriff in 1210 rendered account of 12s. 6d. for the mediety
of William de Nevill's pasture in Kaskenmoor; ibid. 236.
For grants to William de Nevill and
Amabel his wife see also Cal. Pat. 1317–21,
Oldham, Crompton, and Royton continued to be fees of the court leet of the
manor and hundred of Salford down to
1856; Edwin Butterworth, Oldham (ed.
The name Kaskenmoor does not seem
to have come down to modern times.
||Nothing further is known of Reyner
de Wombwell, who held 6 oxgangs of land
under Montbegon and 2 oxgangs under
Nevill; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 63, 64.
The latter part, as appears by the next note,
was Werneth. His name occurs as witness
to deeds in the Pontefract Chartulary
above referred to.
||Ibid. 133. The rent for 2 oxgangs
agrees more nearly with 25 than 26 for
the whole of Kaskenmoor. The other 6
oxgangs of Reyner may have been held by
Alward, but not of the king.
||In the 1324 Feodary (Dods. MSS.
cxxxi, fol. 38b) the Oldham family's holding is stated to have been formerly that
of Adam de Eccles. Among the Hopwood charters is a deed by Adam de
Eccles, granting land in Oldham to Henry
de 'Oldulm,' and another making a grant
to Jordan de Crompton.
In 1275 Adam de Oldham and Geoffrey
de Chadderton jointly took action against
John de Byron respecting tenements in
Oldham and Chadderton; Assize R. 405,
m. 3a. Probably the boundaries of Royton
were in dispute.
Adam de Oldham, William de Oldham,
and Adam son of Adam de Oldham appear in 1292 in suits about tenements in
Oldham of which no particulars are given;
Assize R. 408, m. 18, 58; Cal. Close,
1288–96, p. 40. At the same time
Christiana daughter of Peter de Oldham
claimed a messuage and land against
Robert son of Warine de Marcheden; the
latter had received them from Christiana's
next of kin Cecily daughter of William
son of Peter, whose mental soundness was
the point in dispute. Finally Robert gave
a mark for licence to agree, and received
a quitclaim; Assize R. 408, m. 15; see
also De Banco R. 108, m. 12; 110, m.
7. Isabel daughter of Adam de Oldham
claimed 20 acres and half an oxgang of
land against her father in 1297; De
Banco R. 118, m. 124.
Among the Hopwood charters are
grants from Adam son of Adam de Oldham to William his brother; one is dated
Adam de Oldham occurs again in 1302;
Assize R. 418, m. 11. In 1310 he granted
to Sir John de Byron of Clayton part of
his waste in Oldham and Werneth; Shaw,
Oldham, 7. Adam and his son Richard
in 1319 granted Sir Richard de Byron
land and wood in Menewood; and next
year Richard son of Adam de Oldham
released to Sir Richard son of Sir John de
Byron all claim in the portion of waste
granted by the charter of 1310; ibid. 8;
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxv, 36.
From a suit of 1315 it appears that the
Earl of Lancaster had granted the manor
to Sir Robert de Holland, for Geoffrey de
Chadderton then appeared against Adam
de Oldham on the plea that Adam as
mesne tenant should acquit him of the
service demanded by Sir Robert; De
Banco R. 212, m. 51 d. No more is
known of the Holland lordship.
Richard son of Richard de Oldham in
1324 paid 6s. 6d. for an oxgang (no doubt
for Werneth); Duchy of Lanc. Rentals
and Surv. 379, m. 13. A William de
Oldham contributed to the subsidy in
1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), 31.
Richard de Oldham was lord of the
town in 1354; Duchy of Lanc. Assize
R. 3, m. 6d. The heirs of Richard de
Oldham in 1378 held part of Oldham by a
rent of 6s. 6d.; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 422.
A later Richard de Oldham is named in
1427 in two of the Raines deeds (Chet.
Lib.), bdle. 3, no. 36, 37; his daughters
Ellen and Margery quitclaimed the lands
called 'Hasellenshagh,' which had belonged to their father, to William son of
Richard de Aspenhalgh (Aspinall), who had
married Alice, another daughter. William
de Aspenhalgh and John his son were in
1438 bound in 25s. to John de Colyn;
ibid. no. 39.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1455; the
clear value was £3 13s. 6d. The date of
the inquisition is 1401, when John de
Cudworth had come of age.
||Ibid. no. 1500. Richard de Tetlow
gave evidence that John the heir was born
March 1378–9, and baptized in Oldham
by John de Blackburne, chaplain, the godparents being John del Forth and Margery
The inquisition taken after the death
of his father in October 1384 is printed
in Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 13. It
differs in some details from the above.
The tenure is more fully stated—by
knight's service and by a rent of 6s. 8d.;
and by doing suit to the county from six
weeks to six weeks, and to the wapentake
from three weeks to three weeks; also by
finding a bailiff for the duke in the wapentake of Salford. The custody of the heir
was given to Richard de Tetlow.
See also Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 2.
||Pedigrees were recorded in 1567
(Visit. Chet. Soc. 15), 1613 (ibid. 80),
and 1664 (ibid. 90). There is another
in Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1817), 69.
John Cudworth made a feoffment of
his lands in Oldham in 1405; Dods. MSS.
cxvii, fol. 165.
In 1445–6 John Cudworth held the
twentieth part of a knight's fee in Oldham, but did not pay 5s. for relief, as
being in ward; Duchy of Lanc. Knights'
John Cudworth of Werneth contributed
to the subsidies of 1523 and 1541; Shaw,
Oldham, 15, 18.
John Cudworth, who according to the
pedigrees was great-grandson of the John
of 1401, died 22 June 1555, holding a
mansion-house called Werneth, eight messuages, &c., in Oldham, 4s. 7d. free rent,
viz. 20½d. from lands late of John Hopwood in Nether Horsedge, 21d. from land
called Hazelshaw belonging to John
Aspenhalgh, and 2d. from Robert Butterworth's land next Cowhill (Coohill); all
held of the Duchy of Lancaster by knight's
service and a rent of 6s. 8d. He had
granted certain lands to Agnes daughter
of Alexander Lees (who married his son
Ralph), and the rest of his estate—as 'the
manor of Werneth,' &c.—to his son and
heir Ralph, who at the taking of the
inquest in 1556 was fifty years of age;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, 36.
Ralph Cudworth died 28 Nov. 1558,
holding much the same estate. The details of the 4s. 7d. rents are more fully
given: 21½d. from Edmund Ashton for
land in Greenacres; 9d. from John Taylor
in Over Horsedge and Redlees, 1½d. from
John Hopwood in Nether Horsedge, 21d.
from Haslinshaw, and 2d. from the land
next Cowhill. Ralph, the son and heir,
was twenty-six years of age; ibid. xi, 62.
The descent of Redlees is given by
Edwin Butterworth; it was owned in
1856 by John Bradshaw Greaves; Oldham,
Ralph Cudworth made a settlement of
the manor of Werneth, ten messuages,
&c., in Oldham in 1561; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 23, m. 117. He died
22 Aug. 1572 holding the manor or
capital messuage of Werneth, &c., as
before, and six burgages, &c., at Wakefield. By his will he set apart a third of
the profits of his lands for thirteen years
for the education and marriage of his
daughters—Alice, Margery, and Anne.
The heir was his son John, then eight
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xii, no. 1. By his will he desired to be
buried in the chapel on the north side of
the parish church. His wife Jane, his
son and daughters, and William Ashton
his brother-in-law are mentioned. He
set apart £30 a year for life for his bastard
son Ralph, and gave 40s. to this Ralph's
son Ralph; Shaw, Oldham, 26. He also
made provision for a posthumous son of
his own, who was baptized as Ralph at
Oldham, 2 Sept. 1572. He was the Dr.
Ralph Cudworth, fellow of Emmanuel
College, Cambridge, who was father of the
celebrated author of the True Intellectual
System of the Universe; note by Mr. J. C.
Whitebrook. See Dict. Nat. Biog.
John Cudworth occurs in various ways
in the early part of the 17th century. He
was one of the first governors of Oldham
Grammar School in 1606. His eldest son
John was twenty-eight years of age in
1613, and died in 1652, leaving as heir
his son Joshua, who in 1664 was fifty-one,
and had a son, also Joshua, aged eighteen;
see Visitations. The curious inscription
on John Cudworth's monument (died 7
June 1652, aged sixty-eight) in Oldham
church, erected by his sons Richard and
Thomas, is printed in Butterworth's
Oldham (ed. 1817), 26. Thomas had
been 'vitae et necis civilis arbiter classis,
non nimis felicis, quae petiit Jamaicam.'
The will of Joshua, the father, made in
1661 and proved in 1667, is printed in
Shaw, Oldham, 167.
||It was the younger Joshua who in
1683 sold Werneth; ibid. 191. A settlement of the manors of Werneth and Oldham had been made in 1668 by Joshua
Cudworth and Anne Cudworth, widow;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 181, m. 146.
John Smith, clerk, who died at Cambridge 22 Aug. 1638, held a messuage,
&c., in Oldham of John Cudworth;
Thomas Smith, the brother and heir, was
sixty years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxx, no. 38.
||Butterworth, op. cit. 69; 'It is only
about 100 acres, but contains an invaluable quantity of coal, and much common
In 1773 there was a recovery of the
manors of Oldham and Werneth, the
tenant being Thomas Lister; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 617, m. 9 d. He was father of
Thomas Lister, Lord Ribblesdale, who
sold Werneth in 1792. John Lees, son of
Daniel Lees of Barrowshaw, began business about 1775 in Church Lanc. He
aroused great indignation, as lord of the
reputed manor of Oldham, by claiming
tolls on the market stalls; this claim he
withdrew. He died in 1823, was succeeded by his son Edward, who died in
1835, and was in turn succeeded by his
sons John Frederick Lees and George
Lees, the former of whom was member
for the borough (Conservative) from 1835
to 1837, and died in 1867; E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1856), 24, 129, 159;
Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs.
Lord Ribblesdale's deeds contain a
number relating to Oldham from 1552
onwards; they concern the Cudworth and
||Shaw, Oldbam, 13. For description
of remains in 1890, see Lancs, and Cbes.
Antiq. Soc. viii, 147.
||In 1292 Adam son of Adam de
Oldham bound himself to repay 4 marks
borrowed from Adam de Prestwich, or
instead grant him land called the Northhey; Agecroft D. 3.
In 1332 Richard de Tetlow and others
did not prosecute their claim against
Richard de Byron respecting lands in Oldham and Chadderton; Assize R. 1411,
m. 12 d.
Thomas son of Adam de Prestwich in
1335 granted to Richard son of Adam de
Tetlow all his part of Adamhey in the
Northwood in Oldham—perhaps the
Northhey of the above-cited bond;
Raines D. (Chet. Lib.), bdle. 3, no. 28.
In 1337 the sheriff was ordered to
inquire whether Richard de Tetlow was
seised of 80 acres of land and 20 acres
of wood in Oldham and Crompton; Alice
his widow claimed a third of it as dower
against Amabel widow of Adam de
Tetlow. She further claimed dower in
other lands in Oldham and Cheetham;
De Banco R. 310, m. 160 d.; Cal. Close,
1337–9, p. 116.
Another Tetlow family is shown in
pleadings of 1480, in which the grant of
a messuage, &c., in Oldham by Eva
daughter of William de Oldham to
Richard son of Adam de Tetlow, with
remainder to Richard's brother Adam,
was claimed by the descendants of Adam's
three daughters — George Chadderton,
Ralph Belfield, Bernard Butterworth, and
Elizabeth his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Writs
of Assize, 20 Edw. IV.
Hugh son of Adam de Tetlow in 1340
gave lands in the Coppedhurst and Payrehalghus to his mother, Anabil, for life,
with remainder to his brother Roger;
Raines D. no. 29.
Adam son of Richard de Tetlow in
1347 successfully claimed eight messuages,
&c., in Oldham, held by Adam son of
Adam de Tetlow; Assize R. 1435, m. 39.
In 1375 Roger son of Richard de
Langley gave to Richard son of Richard
de Tetlow all his lands in Manchester,
Crompton, and Oldham, with remainders
to Richard bastard ton of Adam de
Tetlow, and to John son of Richard de
Oldham; Agecroft D. no. 48. In the following year Richard son of Richard de
Tetlow occurs as plaintiff; De Banco R.
462, m. 121 d. Richard de Tetlow in
1390 confirmed to Robert Walker, chaplain, a burgage and messuage in Oldham
and Manchester; Shaw, Oldham, 11.
Cases of cow-stealing and trespass in
1441 and 1443 bring in other members
of the family—Robert and Alexander,
sons of Robert de Tetlow; Robert son of
Richard de Tetlow and Isabel his wife;
Robert Tetlow of Oldham and Richard
his son; Pal of Lanc. Plea R. 3, m. 31;
5, m. 15 b.
Richard Tetlow of Werneth granted to
John Langley 5 acres in Oldham in 1474;
the bounds mention Hunwalgate, Glodwick Brook, the Clough Bottom, the old
kiln, the lime-pits, Hollinwood, and
Northwood; John Langley resigned his
claim to the Spurfield land; Raines D.
bdle. 3, no. 43.
Arthur Tetlow, of Chamber Hall, contributed to the subsidy in 1523; Shaw,
Oldham, 15. John Tetlow contributed for
goods in 1541; Misc. (Rec. Soc Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 145. Lawrence Tetlow in
1551 made a feoffment of messuages and
lands in Oldham and Ashton under Lyne;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 178.
He was among those summoned in 1574
to provide equipment for the muster;
Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 31.
||a Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, 56.
The inquisitions of the Bartons of Smithills
do not mention any lands in Oldham, but
the Butterworths of Butterworth also held
lands of them by 'an arrow with an iron
barb'; ibid, xiii, 2.
Richard Tetlow, in return for the
surrender of a lease granted by his father
Lawrence, gave a new lease of a messuage
in Oldham in 1596; the rent was to be
82s. a year, with four hens at Christmas,
two capons at Easter, and four days' shearing (reaping) in harvest. Richard further
agreed that Robert his son and heir
apparent should confirm it on coming of
age; Shaw, Oldham, 40. In 1610, in
conjunction with Katherine his wife, he
made a settlement of his 'manors of Oldham and Werneth,' with thirty messuages,
mill, lands, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 78, no. 5. He died in 1611, and
his will and inventory are printed by Shaw,
op. cit. 51, 52; he mentions his wife
Katherine, son Robert, daughter Jane wife
of William Bradshaw, grandson Adam
Pilkington, and others, and desired to be
buried in the 'chapel church of Oldham.'
The only book was 'a great old Bible';
the arms were a caliver, two great bills,
a yew bow and a quiver, and a broken
cross-bow; 'a pair of playing tables' was
valued at 1s.
Robert Tetlow contributed to the subsidy in 1622; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 157. Nine years later he paid
£10 on refusing knighthood; ibid. 216.
As a convicted recusant he paid double to
the subsidy of 1626–7 (Lay Subs. bdle.
131, no. 312), and in 1630 compounded
for his sequestered two-thirds by an annual
fine of £10.
||By indenture dated 14 September
1635 Robert Tetlow of the Chamber Hall
in or near Oldham, and William Horton
of Barkisland, Yorks., conveyed to George
Wood of Groby and John Wood
of London, for £2,120, the capital
messuage in Werneth, with lands, &c.,
there and in Greenacres, the names and
rents of the occupiers being given;
Raines D. (Chet Lib.), bdle. 5, no. 77.
This was accompanied by a fine, Robert
Tetlow and Mary his wife, William Horton
and Elizabeth his wife, being deforciants;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 128, no. 33.
George Wood, who is said to have
married Jane the daughter and heir of
Robert Tetlow, contributed to the subsidy
of 1641 for his lands; Shaw, op. cit. 87.
In the following year George and John
Wood gave a lease of the messuage, &c.,
called Broad Heys in Oldham; ibid. 93.
||P.R.O. List, 73.
||See the correspondence in Manch.
Classis (Chet. Soc), App. Henry Wrigley
died in London, and was buried there 26
July 1658; Shaw, op. cit. 152.
Henry Wrigley the younger, son of
Henry Wrigley of the Chamber in Oldham, at Ashton under Lyne on 5 April
1654 married Susannah daughter of
Samuel Jenkinson of Woodhouses. A
son, Henry, was buried at Ashton 23
Benjamin Wrigley, the next owner of
Chamber, was summoned to attend the
Herald's Visitation in 1664, but no pedigree is recorded; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet.
Soc), p. v.
||E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1856),
from which this account of the descent is
mainly taken. By his will, 1671, Benjamin Wrigley devised his property in Oldham, &c., to his eldest daughter Martha
and her issue; and she married Joseph
In 1681 Joseph Gregge and Martha
his wife made a settlement of the manors
of Werneth and Oldham; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 207, m. 84. In 1682
Joseph Gregge granted a lease of a messuage at a rent of 10s., a heriot at every
death, two fat hens at Christmas, a fat
capon at Easter, a day's harrowing with
two harrows, and three days' reaping as required; Shaw, op. cit. 187. Joseph
Gregge died in 1705; ibid. 241.
In a recovery of the manors of Werneth
and Oldham in 1712 the tenants were
Benjamin Gregge, Elizabeth his wife,
and Henry Ashton; Pal of Lanc. Plea
R. 496, m. 4. Benjamin Gregge was
high sheriff in 1722; P.R.O. List, 74.
A settlement was made of the manors
of Werneth and Oldham in 1773 by Edward Gregge Hopwood and Judith his
wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 389,
||In 1856 these heirs were:—Edmund
John Gregge Hopwood, Catherine Heron,
Mary Felicia Barry, (Rev.) George Heron,
Henry Heron, (Rev.) Frank George Hopwood, and Hervey Hopwood; Butterworth, op. cit 28. On the same page is
an account of the haunting of Chamber
In 1890 Chamber was stated to be the
property of the Gregge Hopwoods; see an
account of the place in Lancs, and Ches.
Antiq. Soc. viii, 150–4, where is printed
an ungallant couplet written on a window
pane of the hall.
||J. Butterworth, op. cit. 1826.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. viii.
||In 1352 lands in Crompton, Oldham,
and Werneth were part of the Tetlow
estate settled upon Richard de Langley
and Joan his wife; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 132. Disputes had
occurred already with other lords of Oldham, for in 1351 Adam de Chadderton and
Alice his wife claimed a messuage and
land against Richard de Langley and Joan
his wife, William son of Robert de Radcliffe, Anabil de Tetlow, and Thomas de
Parr, and though the first writ was dismissed for the error of questus est instead
of questi sunt the suit continued; Duchy
of Lanc. Assize R. 1 (July), m. 4 d.; (Lent),
m. 2, 2 d. One Hugh de Tetlow had
been seised of the disputed tenement,
which on his death descended to Joan
de Langley as daughter of Jordan, elder
brother of Hugh; but while Joan was a
minor in the duke's wardship, and living
at Pontefract, Adam de Tetlow, a younger
brother, took, possession, and granted to
Adam and Alice, the plaintiffs. On the
other hand it was said that Adam de
Tetlow had been in seisin during Hugh's
lifetime, and had granted it to one Robert
de Oldham for life, and after his death to
At Easter 1354. the Langleys claimed
common of pasture in 8 acres of moor and
pasture, as pertaining to Joan's inheritance
(a messuage and 20 acres) in Oldham,
against Richard son of Richard de Tetlow, Adam son of Alice de Pussh', and
Richard de Oldham, lord of the town, who
had made an approvement of the waste.
Sufficient pasture had been left, but the
Langleys had previously had greater freedom of entry by a certain lane, in which
Richard de Oldham had made a lydiate
(lideata) and a ditch to shut out the beasts
coming there. Though the lydiate could
be opened at will a certain amount of
injury had been caused, and the defendants
made fines of ½ mark, ½ mark, and 10s.
respectively. One security for Richard de
Tetlow was Richard de Cudworth; Duchy
of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. 6 d. A decree
respecting common of pasture in favour
of Robert Langley was made in 1440
against Robert Tetlow; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxiii, App. 39.
This tenement continued to descend
with Agecroft until 1561, when, on Sir
Robert Langley's death, it became part of
the portion of his daughter Dorothy, who
married James Ashton of Chadderton; the
deed of settlement speaks of 'manors,
messuages, lands, &c., in Oldham and
Crompton'; Raines D. (Chet. Lib.), bdle.
4, no. 63; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
24, m. 3; 47, m. 93.
The Ashton family held already a considerable estate in Oldham, and in 1612
James Ashton died seised of ten
messuages, 100 acres of land, &c., in Oldham and Glodwick, by inheritance from
his father Edmund, and of twenty-four
messuages, &c., of his wife's inheritance;
the former were held partly of John
Cudworth by knight's service and a rent
of 5d., and partly of the king (for the
Knights Hospitallers) in socage by a rent
of 6½d.; the latter were held together
with lands, &c., in Alkrington, Tonge,
and Crompton, by the twentieth part of a
knight's fee and 9d, rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 225, 230.
Richard Ashton purchased a messuage,
&c., in 1596 from George Towers,
William and John Aspinall; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle 59, m. 237. This land
was that called Hardshaw, as may be seen
by comparing its rent of 21d. with that
in the Inq. p.m. of Richard Ashton; (Rec.
Soc), i, 145.
||Edmund Tetlow of Coldhurst contributed to the subsidy of 1523; Shaw,
Oldham, 15. The will of John Tetlow
of Coldhurst, 1598–9, mentions Ellen his
wife, Edmund, George, John, and Anne
Tetlow his children, Abraham Taylor and
Ambrose Jackson his sons-in-law; ibid.
41. Edmund Tetlow of Coldhurst was a
freeholder in 1600, and contributed to the
subsidy in 1622; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 248, 157. In 1639, on a
complaint being made of the destruction
of the timber, &c., on the moors of Oldham and Crompton, he stated that he and
his ancestors were seised of a capital
messuage called Coldhurst and about 60
acres of land; also of two messuages in
Crompton and 40 acres, with rights of
common on Crompton Moor, Greenacres
Moor, Edge Moor, North Moor, and
Hollinwood, but not on Sholver Moor.
He was not aware that the king was the
owner of the soil or had ever granted
leases of the commons; Shaw, 77–81. In
the following year Edmund Tetlow the
elder and Edmund Tetlow the younger
sold the Great Meadow near Fogg
Lanc for a poor's field; Char. Com. Rep.
(1826), xvi, 227.
Anne, the eldest of three daughters and
co-heirs of Edmund Tetlow, in 1709
married Edmund Radcliffe, and though
she died without issue her inheritance
appears to have descended to the Radcliffe's heirs; E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed.
1856), 45. Coldhurst itself, however, was
sold to Sir Ralph Assheton, and descended
like Werneth until 1804, when Lord
Ribblesdale sold it to Abraham Crompton
of High Crompton; ibid. 34.
Lancs, and Ches.Antiq. Soc.viii, 149–
50. A rent of 4½d. was payable, which
ceased to be demanded about eighty years
||Of the earlier generations of this
family some account will be found under
Robert son of Adam de Impetres, by
Margaret daughter of Richard del Lees,
claimed a messuage and lands in Oldham
in 1351 and 1352; and as Adam de
Chadderton warranted, and Thomas son
of Thomas de Chadderton was summoned,
it is probable the land was in or near
Lees Hall; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1,
m. 5 d.; 2, m. 8.
||a Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, 31.
In 1537 Thomas the heir had married
Joan daughter of John Tetlow (who
survived him), and lands, &c., in Lees
and Crompton were then settled upon
him by his grandparents. He died 16
Aug. 1572 holding Lees of Ralph Cudworth by the sixtieth part of a knight's
fee and a rent of 4d. a year; George his
son and heir was twenty-four years of
age. The estate had been increased by
messuages in Manchester; ibid, xiii, 7.
His will is printed in Piccope's Wills
(Chet. Soc), ii, 130; to his son Lawrence
he left 40s. a year from his inheritance at
Foulfyn in Staffordshire till the son should
have an income of 100 marks a year
from benefices. The Manchester burgages
seem to have been acquired in 1561;
Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. i, 63,149.
George Chadderton died in 1606 holding lands in Staffordshire as well as in
Crompton, Oldham, and Manchester. He
had in 1576 espoused Mary daughter of
John Kuerden, who survived him; they
ad several children, the heir being the
son Thomas, fourteen years of age on 25
Sept. 1606; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 62–4.
Thomas Chadderton contributed to the
subsidy in 1622; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 157. Two of his leases,
dated 1621 and 1662, are given in Shaw,
Oldham, 75, 76; a day's 'shearing' was
required of the tenants.
A pedigree of three generations—
Thomas, George, Thomas—was recorded
in 1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc), 5. Alice,
co-heiress of George Chadderton, married
John Greenhalgh of Brandlesholme, but
died without issue.
||The northerly portion of the estate
passed to the family of Lingard; a large
part of it is said to have been sold to the
ancestors of the Cleggs of Bent. In 1747
a third of the estate was held by Thomas
Percival of Royton. The hall and land
around it became vested in the family of
Lyon, of whom were Henry Lyon (living
1681), John Lyon (1702), and Nicholas
John Lyon (1747). The hall was in 1752
owned by James Bowden; in 1765 by
John Winterbottom, who died in 1794; it
was then sold to John Lees of Werneth,
and in 1856 was held by the executors of
James Whitehead; from E. Butterworth's
Oldham (ed. 1856), 30. Canon Raines in
Notieia Cestr. ii, 116, gives a somewhat
different account of the descent. It appears,
however, that Thomas Chadderton sold
Lees Hall and his whole estate to John
Plumpton of Warrington. In 1681 there
was a suit respecting it, under the purchaser's will, between Henry Lyon and
Sarah his wife (widow of John Plumpton),
William Denton and Mary his wife, and
William King v. John Davy, clerk, and
Susan his wife; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 59.
William Denton resided at Lees Hall
in 1684; Shaw, op. cit. 193. In 1696
Henry Lyon of Lees Hall was an overseer,
and in that year 'old Mrs. Lyon of Lees'
was buried; ibid. 217, 218.
||Lawrence Chadderton was the
younger son of Thomas Chadderton, who
died in 1572, and is mentioned in his
father's will, as already stated. He is
usually said to have been born in 1536,
but did not enter Christ's College, Cambridge, until 1562. He would probably
be about fourteen at that time. He embraced Protestantism, to the great scandal
of his father, who is said to have sent
him a shilling as his whole share of the
inheritance; if so, the father must have
relented very quickly. He was appointed
master of Emmanuel in 1584, took part
in the Hampton Court Conference in
1604, and in the translation of the Bible
in 1611. He resigned the mastership in
1622, and died in 1640. He wrote a
treatise on Justification; see Dict, Nat.
||It is named by Bishop Gastrell in
1717, and was taxed for nineteen windows
in 1728; Shaw, op. cit. 293.
Edwin Butterworth (Oldham, 32) states
that Bent Hall was in 1747 the property of
the Rev. Samuel Sidebottom, who married
Mary daughter of Alexander Radclyffe of
Foxdenton; and that in 1758 it was
occupied by John Clegg, hat manufacturer.
The owner in 1856 was John Rowbottom.
An illustrated sheet pedigree of the
Cleggs of Bent House was issued in 1840;
Richard Clegg son of James, son of the
above-named John, being the head of the
family. The Cleggs acquired Westwood,
formerly the property of the Whitehead
family; E. Butterworth, op. cit. 48, 49.
There was also a Lower Bent Hall,
owned by a family named Taylor; Butterworth, ut sup.
||This appears from the inquisition cited
below. The land lay on the north side
of High Street and Yorkshire Street, and
the name is preserved in Horsedge Street.
There were seven crosses around it, and it
was deposed in 1620: 'I did very well
know seven crosses called Seven Holy
Crosses, and also called St. John's Crosses,
to be bounds and meres at Horsedge lands.
I did know them all, either broken or
whole, and do yet know the places where
every of them stood. As first, a stone
cross stood at the end of Greenacres Moor;
the next, a wooden cross, stood at Horsedge stile; the next, a stone cross, upon
the north-east side of the Edge, called the
Cross under the Edge; the next, a wooden
cross in Grimby, called Grimby Cross; the
next, a stone cross, called Pighill Stile
Cross; the next, a wooden cross, in the
Town end; and the last and seventh, a
stone cross in the end of the Shoot, being,
as I judge, very mean of distance from the
first cross of Greenacres moor with the
rest of all the crosses, which be one from
another of equal distance'; from the will
of John Newton, collier, printed in Oldham Notes and Gleanings, ii, 111, from the
Raines MSS. xxiv, 88.
||Horsedge Hall was to the north-east
of the church. The inquisition of John
Cudworth (1556) already cited shows
rents from John Taylor of Over Horsedge
and John Hopwood of Nether Horsedge.
John Taylor died in 1574 holding land
called Redleigh of Robert Tetlow and
John Cudworth by fealty and 9d. rent,
an acre at Okeden in Chadderton of the
three lords of the town; also the capital
messuage called Horsedge in Oldham with
40 acres of land, &c., of Queen Elizabeth
by fealty and 7½d. rent. The inquisition
was not taken until 1619—by which time
the Hospitallers' lands had been granted to
the Earl of Derby—and Edmund Taylor,
the son and heir, was sixty-seven years of
age; his son Edmund was living; Lancs.
nq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii,
Edmund Taylor in 1596 granted a
lease of a close called the Pighill (½ acre)
in Horsedge to Roger Taylor, clothier, at
a rent of 5s. and a day's 'shearing' in harvest; 40 marks was paid; Shaw, Oldham,
39. Edmund Taylor was returned as a
freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 247.
In 1622 Robert Tetlow of Werneth
and Edmund Taylor of Horsedge claimed
an estate in 'so much of the open land
called Oldhulme at Oldham as it is
divided within the crosses,' as also wastes,
&c., within Oldham, Werneth, and Greenacres. They wished to inclose and improve the lands, and had agreed with the
freeholders to allow them reasonable
shares, but the lords of the adjoining
manors of Chadderton and Royton objected; Shaw, Oldham, 59.
In the time of Charles I it was stated
that Edmund Taylor, who had leased his
capital messuage and demesne lands of
Horsedge, John his son, John Heap
(brother-in-law of the latter), and John
Jackson had broken down a stable belonging to Horsedge Hall, taken the tenant's
cows and horses kept there, and driving
them into Derbyshire, sold them at Ashbourne Fair. John Bretland, who had
married Katherine daughter of Richard
Nuttall—another daughter was Elizabeth,
perhaps the wife of John Taylor—became
surety for them, and they were acquitted,
but £35 had to be paid as compensation
to the tenant. The value of Horsedge
was given as £30 a year; Duchy of
Lanc. Plead, ccix, B, 26. See also Lancs,
and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
Elizabeth, widow of John Taylor, in
1649 compounded for her husband's
delinquency; he had assisted the king in
the 'first war'; Cal. of Com. for Compounding, iii, 2043. She was concerned in
a dispute as to the tithes of Horsedge in
1659; Exch. Dep. 32.
In 1663 an agreement was made as to
the purchase of a third part of Horsedge
Hall, with its common of pasture, turbary, mines of coal, slate, &c., by Elizabeth Taylor, widow, from her daughter
Katherine wife of Adam Bankes of Wigan,
mercer; it appears that Katherine was
daughter and co-heir of John Taylor son of
Edmund; Shaw, op. cit. 161. A further
agreement in 1668 shows that the other
daughters, then unmarried, were named
Elizabeth and Eleanor; ibid. 170. Elizabeth soon afterwards married William
Langley of Whittle; ibid. 173, 175. By
1674 Eleanor had married Thomas Nuttall
of Tottington; 181. William Langley of
Horsedge was buried at Oldham in 1689;
204. In 1697 Elizabeth Langley, widow,
mortgaged her moiety of Horsedge; 219,
229, 232. In 1705 William Langley of
Netherwood Hall, Darley, son and heir of
Elizabeth, sold his moiety of Horsedge to
Thomas Nuttall of Tottington, who thus
acquired the whole; 240. By his will,
dated 14 Mar. 1726–7, he gave his estates
to his granddaughter Margaret daughter of
Adam Bagshaw by Margaret, only child
of the testator; with remainder to his
kinsman Thomas son of William Langley
of Thornscow, Yorkshire. He also left
money for the poor of Oldham and the
school there; ibid. 286–89. Margaret,
the heiress, married in 1731 Robert Radclyffe of Foxdenton, and conveyed Horsedge to that family; Burke, Commoners, iv,
Canon Raines states that the Langleys
continued to have a moiety of the estate,
which was in 1849 the property of Joseph
Jones of Walshaw House; Notitia Cestr.
ii, 116. Some Horsedge deeds from
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxiv and
xxxvii, are printed in Oldham Notes and
Gleanings, ii, 164, 165, 169; iii, 29.
||In 1517 James son and heir of John
Hopwood of Horsedge sold to Edmund
Ashton of Chadderton a close of land
called the Pighill, near Horsedge Moor;
and a little later sold other lands, including Walshaw, Lower Raude, and the
Spring; Raines D. (Chet. Lib.), bdle. 4,
It has been stated above that James
Ashton in 1612 held lands, formerly the
Hospitallers', by a rent of 6½d. The Radcliffes of Foxdenton held another portion
by a rent of 4d.
Edmund Hopwood and Joan his wife
in 1570 and 1587 sold small pieces of
land to Ralph Walker; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 32, m. 13; 49, m. 11.
There was in the 18th century a family
of Hopwood at Bent Brow; E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1856), 33. At Lower
Horsedge, Greenacres, and Swineclough
lived the Ogden family, of whom came
Samuel Ogden, a celebrated Nonconformist
minister, ejected from Mackworth in
1622; he died in 1697; ibid. 55; Dict.
The New House in Greenacres was, with
other property, granted on lease by Isaac
Ogden in 1698 to Katherine Percival of
Royton; Manch. Free Lib. D. 108.
Edmund Ogden in 1702 purchased from
Henry Lyon, John Lyon, Isaac Lyon, and
Sara his wife two messuages and lands
with appurtenances in Crompton and
Oldham; Hulme D. 116–17.
||'Whetstone hill is one of the most
ancient homesteads in the township. The
Kershaw family have been seated here a
considerable period'; E. Butterworth, Oldham, 60. Dirtcar, now Derker, was
owned by John Buckley in 1758, and by
James Greaves in 1856; ibid. 42.
Broadbent's and Hopkin Fold were other
houses in the vicinity. Some Hobkin
deeds from the Raines MSS. xxiv, are
printed in Oldham Notes and Gleanings, ii,
171, 181; they relate the marriage of
Edmund son of Edward Hobkin, 1526–9.
Richard Hobkin of Oldham contributed
to a subsidy in 1523 for lands; Shaw,
Oldham, 15. A settlement of two
messuages, &c., in Oldham was made by
Edward Hopkin in 1537, Margaret and
Edmund Hopkin being tenants for life;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 59.
For disputes as to their lands see Duchy
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii,
83–7, 216–18. Edmund Hobkin occurs
in 1552; Shaw, Oldham, 19. He sold
four messuages, &c., to Thomas Radcliffe
in 1556; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
16, m. 36. Arthur Hopkin of Hopkin
Fold in 1649 leased or mortgaged the
Great Hardfield to Henry Wrigley of
Chamber; Shaw, op. cit. 110. Hopkin Green was formerly near Oldham
||Hollinwood was formerly part of
Chadderton; Shaw, Oldham, 253. Hollinwood Green, Oak, and Lyme House
are noticed by E. Butterworth, op. cit. 49,
||Hathershaw Hall was the residence
of the Sandfords in the 17th century, of
whom Edward Sandiford was a member
of the classis in 1646; in the next century it had been acquired by the Sidebottoms, and Alexander Radclyffe Sidebottom was the owner in 1856; ibid.
35. The name is said to be a corruption
of Hazleshaw, mentioned above as belonging to the Aspenhalghs and Ashtons.
Copster Hill, Pauletts, and Hollins are
also noticed; ibid. 51, 52.
||Jas. Butterworth, Oldham.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. viii.
||Sir John de Ashton, who died in
1428, held a messuage and land called
Copthurst; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc),
ii, 22. Coppedhurst has been mentioned
in a previous note regarding the Tetlow
family. In 1507 the same was said to be
held of John Cudworth, as cousin and
heir of William son of Adam de Oldham,
by the service of 2s. 6d. and an iron
arrow; ibid, ii, 138. The service seems
to have been compounded for, and is not
mentioned in the inquest after the death
of George Booth in 1543; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, 7.
||E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1856),
38–40. The family were actively engaged
in the business of the district as bankers,
cotton spinners, and coal owners. John
Lees of Fairfield in 1824 built Salem
Moravian chapel and schools at Clarksfield. There is a pedigree in Burke,
Landed Gentry—Lees of Thurland Castle,
near Kirkby Lonsdale.
||Greenacres is mentioned as early as
1266, when Margery widow of Jordan de
la Leye claimed dower, a messuage, and
30 acres there against Richard de la Leye.
Margery had a son Adam; Curia Regis
R. 176, m. 5 d.
In the inquisition of Ralph Cudworth,
above cited, Edmund Ashton is stated to
have paid a rent of 21½d. for land in Greenacres in 1558. Some was bought from
George Chadderton in 1537; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 43. 'In 1702 a
Mr. Rainshaw possessed much property
here, which in 1725 was in the hands of
Mr. Rothwell, and in 1752 of the Rev.
James Rothwell, vicar of Deane'; E.
Butterworth, op. cit. 41, 58.
Dowry Mill and Wellyhole were in
Greenacres. The latter of these was
purchased from John Mayall by Edmund
Ogden in 1748 ; ibid. 62.
||Ibid. 44. Curzon Street is on the
east of this Roundthorn; there was
another place of the same name near
Glodwick; information of Mr. S. Andrew.
||Ibid. 56. The Brierleys or Brearleys
were also seated at Barrowshaw, which
became the property of the Radcliffes of
Royton ; ibid. 61. The last-named family
also purchased Priest Hill; ibid. 45.
||In 1212 Adam de Glodwick held two
oxgangs of land of Montbegon and two of
Nevill; Inq. and Extents, i, 63, 64. The
latter portion escheated to the Crown, and
about ten years later Agnes de Glodwick
should have been in ward to the king in
respect of two oxgangs held by a rent of
191/8d. and by finding the sixth part of a
judge; ibid. 128. Jordan de Glodwick
gave land in Oldham to his son Richard;
1d. rent was due to the king; Hopwood
Final Conc, i, 210; a fine (1307)
between Alexander Atherton, plaintiff, and
Hugh de Atherton and Joan his wife, deforciants, of a messuage, 100 acres of land,
&c, in Oldham and Glodwick.
In 1292 Joan relict of Adam de
Holdene was in possession of a messuage
and 100 acres of land in Oldham, inherited
from her mother Agnes, who "had married
one Ralph de Astone (or Ashton). It is
just possible that this Agnes was identical
with Agnes the heiress in 1222–6. Being
left a widow she married Jordan de
Crompton, and Joan was their daughter.
Later a claim to the estate was made on
behalf of Jordan's son Adam, then a
minor, probably the son of a later marriage,
whom the father wished to benefit out of
his former wife's estate. The jury, howeves, held that Jordan had never been
seised as of fee, so that Joan's claim was
upheld ; Assize R. 408, m. 7, 12. This
Joan seems afterwards to have married
Hugh de Atherton, for the claim of Adam
de Crompton was prosecuted in 1301
against Hugh de Atherton and Joan his
wife, who was seised when he married
her; Assize R. 419, m. 13d.
Hugh de Atherton in 1324 paid 3s. 11d.
for two oxgangs in Glodwick; Duchy of
Lane; Rentals and Surv. 379, m. 13.
In other versions the rent is given as
3s. 2d. or 3s. 4d.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
ii, 105. Richard de Oldham, clerk, and
others, were in 1343 charged with having
broken into Hughde Atherton's houses in
Glodwick ; Assize R. 430, m. 32 d. For
this Atherton family see further under
Hindley and Aintree.
||In 1346 Sir Robert de Nevill was
holding two oxgangs in Glodwick by the
service of 3s. 2d. rent, puture of the
serjeants, and double rent at death; Add.
MS. 32103, fol. 146.
In the following year the estate in
Oldham and Glodwick—3 messuages, 140
acres of land, &c.—was settled by Sir
Robert de Nevill of Hornby and Joan his
wife (whose inheritance it was) upon his
son John and Isabel his wife, with remainders to John's brothers; Final Conc. ii,
125. As a result of this a claim was
made in 1363 by John de Nevill and
Isabel his wife against Sir John (? Robert)
de Nevill of Hornby, and Joan his wife;
De Banco R. 416, m. 396 d.
||The Nevill estates passed to the
Harringtons, and Sir William de Harrington is recorded to have paid the chief rent
in 1378 ; Harl. MS. 2085, fol. 442. In
1445–6 William de Strangeways held the
two oxgangs of land in Glodwick in socage,
rendering 3s. 2d. yearly, in right of his
wife, who held by conjoint feoffment;
Duchy of Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2,
In 1526 the Radcliffes of Foxdenton
paid 3s. as the chief rent due for Chadderton and Glodwick (Shaw, Oldham, 16);
but about the end of the century Richard
Radcliffe was responsible for 3s. 2d. rent
for Glodwick; Baines, Lancs, (ed. 1868),
i, 447. The inquisitions are not clear.
Thomas Radcliffe, who died in 1567, held
fifty messuages, Sec, in Oldham of the
queen, as of the late Priory of St. John of
Jerusalem, by a rent of 4d.; Duchy of
Lane. Inq. p.m. xi, 25. In 1589 the
tenure was stated more in detail; four
messuages, &c., in Oldham, were held of
the queen as of the dissolved priory by a
rent of 4d.; another messuage, &c, was
held of John Cudworth by a rent of 5d.;
the rest of the lands, &c. in Oldham were
held of the queen as of her Duchy of
Lancaster, by a rent of 6d.; but of whom
the lands in Glodwick were held the jury
did not know; ibid, iii, 13. William
Radcliffe, the disinherited, held two
messuages in Glodwick of the queen in
socage by a rent of 6d. ; ibid, xv, 23.
Lands in Glodwick were included in a
mortgage or sale by William Radcliffe in
1627; the tenants were—Pollit, Heap,
and others ; Shaw, op. cit. 73. John
Pollit in 1666 sold his interest in the
lease to Edward Taylor ; ibid. 166.
Edward Standish of Standish died in
1610 holding six messuages, 60 acres of
land, &c, in Glodwick of the king in
socage, by 11½d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 190.
James Ashton of Chadderton, who died
in 1612, as above stated, held messuages
and lands in Glodwick ; ibid, i, 230.
||Swineclough was leased in 1570 by
James Ashton and Dorothy his wife to
Adam Ogden; it had lately been occupied
by his father Adam Ogden, and the new
lease was for the lives of Adam, Anne his
wife, and Adam his son; Raines D.
(Chet. Lib.). It was sold in 1670 to
Adam Ogden by Edmund Ashton; E.
Butterworth, op. cit. 37. The Dawsons
and other owners of land at Glodwick are
also named; and others, including Andrew
of Lowside, at pp. 54, 56.
||Duchy of Lane. Rentals, bdle. 14,
no. 25 m.
Lancs. Inq, and Extents, i, 64 ; the
thegnage rent in later times is usually
given as 3s. 2d.
Ten years earlier, Maud widow of Ralph
Tagun made an agreement as to her
dower with various tenants in Sholver;
Final Conc. i, 20. Alward Tagun was on
the jury for Salfordshire in 1242–3; Inq.
and Extents, i, 153.
||In 1246 Andrew de Sholver complained that the Abbot of Roche and
others had disseised him of his free pasture
of Sholver; Assize R. 404, m. 1. In
another plea respecting a mine Andrew
was joined by Alward Tagun and Roger
de Pilkington ; ibid. m. 2. The three
occur in other suits respecting lands in
Sholver ; ibid. m. 7, 9.
Margery widow of Geoffrey de Chetham
in 1275 claimed dower in a messuage and
plough-land in Sholver against Geoffrey de
Bracebridge; De Banco R. 9, m. 32 d.
Lands in Sholver were among the moiety
of the Trafford Estate given to Geoffrey
de Chadderton before 1278; Final Conc.
i, 153. In 1290, Ellen widow of Geoffrey
de Bracebridge claimed lands in Oldham
against Alexander de Pilkington and
Geoffrey de Chadderton ; De Banco R. 81,
m. 64. In 1291 his demesne lands in
Sholver were among the places named in
the grant of free warren to Roger de
Pilkington; Chart. R. 84, m. 10, 41.
From suits of the same time or a year
later it appears that Geoffrey de Bracebridge had held a messuage, 60 acres of
land, &c. in Sholver, which should have
descended to his sister Christiana, wife of
William son of Robert de Stanringes;
but Geoffrey de Chadderton and Roger de
Pilkington (perhaps as heirs of Chetham)
had taken possession of the messuage and
lands, Adam de Impetres had refused the
14d. rent, and Robert Attehill the rent of
four barbed arrows. Geoffrey and Roger
showed a charter from the plaintiffs
releasing all claim to the tenements in dispute, and though it was repudiated, the
jury decided for the defendants, ordering
William to gaol because he had denied his
deed. Afterwards he made fine by two
marks; Assize R. 407, m. 2; 408, m. 12.
Margery the niece of Geoffrey de
Bracebridge was in 1305 plaintiff and
defendant in several pleas regarding her
uncle's lands in Oldham; in one case the
plaintiffs included Geoffrey de Chadderton
the elder, Roger de Pilkington, Adam de
Impetres, &c.; Assize R. 420, m. 8;
also m. i, 8, 9.
In 1317–8 Geoffrey de Chadderton
granted to Gilbert son of Cecily daughter
of William le Bagher land in Sholver
which he had had of the gift of Adam de
Impetres and William son of Henry de
Oldham, with remainder to Thomas the
brother of Gilbert ; Hyde of Denton D.
Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 153, &c.
Robert son of Adam de Impetres was a
claimant of lands in Oldham in July
1351; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 1, m.
||Duchy of Lane. Rentals and Surv.
379, m. 13, where the tenant is called
Robert de Ashton and the rent given as
11s. 8d.; and Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii,
105, where the rent is given as 3s. 2d.
In 1322 Robert de Ashton and Margery
his wife (in her right) appeared against
Gilbert son of Cecily daughter of William
the Baggere concerning a messuage and
land in Oldham by writ of Quare cessavit per biennium; De Banco R. 244,
||Add. MS. 32103, fol. 146; each
held one oxgang in socage, by a total rent
of 2s. 2d. (for 3s. 2d.), providing puture,
and paying a double rent at death. A
note in the manuscript adds: 'The heirs
of Richard de Pilkington, 3s. 2d.
||The Hulme family perhaps bought
the Pilkington share. In 1445–6 Ralph
Prestwich held one oxgang in Sholver in
socage, rendering 3s. 2d. yearly ; Duchy of
Lane. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. Thus
the full rent is paid, though only one
oxgang is ascribed to him out of the
A dispute as to Sholver occurred in
1529, Ralph Prestwich being plaintiff;
Ducatus Lane. (Rec. Com.), i, 138.
Edward Prestwich paid the chief rent
of 3s. 2d. in the time of Elizabeth;
Baines, Lanes, (ed. 1868), i, 447. In
1639 Edmund Tetlow of Coldhurst disclaimed any right of common on Sholver
Moor, conceiving that it belonged to
Thomas Prestwich, as parcel of his lordship of Sholver; Shaw, Oldham, 81.
||E. Butterworth, op. cit. 42.
||In 1657 Joseph Clegg purchased
land at Count Hill from Sir Thomas Prestwich; this and other purchases descended
to Joseph Clegg, who died in 1835; ibid.
||Palden in Oldham was at one time
owned by the rectors of Prestwich;
L.T.R. Mem. R. 169 (5 Hen. IV), m.
xii. Later it was 'the abode of a most
eccentric rustic wit named John Brierley,
a carrier, who from his long connexion with
this place was called "Old Poden,' and
who was buried 17 Mar. 1688'; E.
Butterworth, op. cit. 62.
||Once the residence of a family of
Byrom ; ibid.
||E. Butterworth, 156; 'these proceedings were not popular amongst the
body of the people, for the rights of unrestrained pasturage for cattle and fowl, and
the advantages of the moors as places of
recreation and exercise, had rendered them
spots deeply endeared to successive generations.' The Acts were 42 Geo. III, cap.
59; 43 Geo. III, cap. 44; a copy of the
award may be seen at the County Offices,
Preston. See also an award in 1804 in
King's Bench Plea R. Trin. 44 Geo. III,
m. 393. Another Act was passed in
7 Geo. IV, cap. 67. For the moors in
1640, with a plan, see Oldham Notes and
Gleanings, ii, 53; also 145, 204.
||Some of the Constables' accts. (from
1697) are printed in Shaw's Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, i, 5, &c. From these it
appears that they used to attend Salford
||E. Butterworth, Oldham, 227. The
qualification for assuming the office was
the possession of property worth £50 or
the occupation of premises rented at £30
a year. The commissioners numbered 360
The Act (7 Geo. IV, cap. 117) was
known as the Oldham Police Act Its
powers were transferred to the corporation
||Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of
Lanes. 307. John Morgan Cobbett, son
of William, represented the borough from
1852 to 1859 as a Liberal, and from 1874
till his death in 1877 as a Conservative.
Sir John Tomlinson Hibbert was member
from 1862 to 1874, 1877 to 1886, and
1892 to 1895. John Platt, member from
1865 to 1872, has a statue near the
||In 1847 ' a disagreement arose between the political parties in the borough
with regard to the conduct of the police,
which was then under the management of
the Commissioners, and the result was the
introduction, by the magistrates, of the
county force,' to the dissatisfaction of the
people; E. Butterworth, op. cit. (ed.
||Confirmed by Act of Parliament 13
& 14 Viet. cap. 42; the boundaries were
extended in 1880 by 43 & 44 Vict. cap.
147. An Improvement Act was obtained
in 1865, 28 & 29 Vict. cap. 311.
||The area of the borough remains unchanged, but has been divided into twelve
wards—Clarksfield, Coldhurst, Hartford,
Hollinwood, Mumps, St. James's, St.
Mary's, St. Paul's, St. Peter's, Waterhead,
Werneth, and Westwood.
||E. Butterworth, op. cit. 228–9.
||E. Butterworth, op. cit. 231.
||The first Act was 6 Geo. IV, cap.
171. The original reservoirs were at
Strinesdale on the Yorkshire border; but
many others have since been formed in
||E. Butterworth, op. cit. 233.
||Ibid. 231–5. The baths were enlarged in 1880. In 1894 new baths were
built at Waterhead.
||A ' sort of market' on Saturday
evenings, with standings in the main
streets, was held before 1790; but became
fully established about 1804. The fair
held on 2 May began probably in the
18th century; that in Oct. a little later;
while that on 8 July began in 1807; ibid.
160–1 At present fairs are held on the
Thursdays after 2 Feb., 2 May, and
8 July, and the Wednesday after 11 October.
||The Public Health Act 1848 and
Local Government Acts 1858 and 1861
were adopted in part in 1863 ; Lond. Gaz,
||It began in a very humble way in
1839, a few young men, chiefly of the
working classes, starting it to provide a
library, news room, and evening classes.
In 1845 the institution was removed from
Queen Street to Clegg Street, near the
Town Hall. Funds for the present building in Union Street were raised by an
exhibition in 1854. The Butterworth
Library was presented by James Platt,
then president; Baines, Lancs, (ed. 1868),
||Ibid. Among smaller institutions of a
similar kind may be named the Glodwick
Mutual Improvement Society's building,
erected in 1857, Werneth Mechanics'
Institute, opened 1867, and the Hollinwood Working Men's Club and Institute,
built in 1868. The Horsedge Assembly
Rooms, formerly the Working Man's Hall,
date from 1844. A Botanical Society
was formed about 1775; Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, ii, 46.
The followers of Robert Owen built a
Hall of Science, purchased by the Temperance Society in 1852, and thenceforward
known as the Temperance Hall.
Lond. Gaz. 22 Dec. 1871.
||For an account of the opening see
Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 461. A
great boulder, found near Ashton Road,
is placed in it.
||Opened in 1857.
||A tramway from Hollinwood to
Waterhead was opened in 1880, and a
steam tramway from Oldham to Rochdale
||The first theatre was opened in
1807; the new theatre in 1810.
||Bodies of volunteers were formed in
1798, and again in 1803, on fears of
French invasions ; E. Butterworth, op. cit.
||In J. Butterworth's Oldham (ed.
1817), 20–30, is quoted a local couplet:
'Old I am—Old is my name,
The oldest church in Christendom.'
The popular belief was that it should
be called St. Paul's; E. Butterworth's
Oldham (ed. 1856), 70.
||20 April 1558, injunction of the
Bishop of Chester to the residents and
inhabitants of Oldham to undertake
(amongst other things) the reparation of
the said chapel.
||Shaw, Oldham Notes and Gleanings,
ii, 6 7, 131. A gallery was erected, chiefly
for the singers, in 1703–4 ; Shaw, Oldham,
235. For other notices of the singers at
that time see ibid. 225, 245.
||In a return for the visitation of the
Bishop of Chester in 1778 the rector of
Prestwich mentions Oldham Chapel as a
'very old edifice.'
||Given by James Butterworth, op.
The Story of the ancient parochial
chapelry of St. Mary's, Oldham, by George
Perry-Gore (vicar), 1906, from which
much in the present account of Oldham
Church is taken.
A complaint as to the Chadderton Chapel
and the encroachment by a parclose in the
time of Henry VIII may be seen in Raines,
Chantries (Chet. Soc), ii, 274.
||A plan of the new church, published
by H. G. James, and signed by the architect, R. Lane, is dated 28 Oct. 1829.
||(Sir) Charles Barry submitted a
design for a new church, some of the
drawings for which are now in the possession of the vicar. Barry would have
retained the old chancel and end chapels,
which are shown in his drawings, but
acquaintance with his Gothic churches of
that period makes it doubtful whether his
design, with its lofty clearstory, would
now be considered any more successful
than the one adopted.
||There is a description of the font,
and an account of its history subsequent
to the year 1829, in Trans. Lancs, and
Cbes. Antiq. Soc. viii, 158–9.
||The oldest stone is dated 1672.
||An effort is being made by the
vicar to have it dedicated as an open space
under the control of the corporation.
||Oldham is one of three churches in
Lancashire having 12 bells; the others
being Ashton-under-Lyne and St. Nicholas', Liverpool.
||The people seem to have subscribed
£24 for the bells; they gave the money
to the rector, who undertook to buy the
bells and place them ready for ringing.
Should the cost be greater he was to defray it, and if less, to return the surplus.
||The king seized three; his collector
could not obtain possession, and for a time
at least they remained safely in the church
tower; Ducatut Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii,
Three bells were 'new cast' for the
steeple in 1617 for £60 by William Oldfield of Nottingham; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 319, m. 16 d.
||One of them is now in use at
St. Peter's, and another at St. James',
||Perry-Gore, op. cit.
||The earlier volumes (to 1661), in
which are many gaps, have been printed
in Oldham Notes and Gleanings, where also
may be seen extracts from the churchwardens' accounts, beginning 1734; the
church ley, 1682, the constables' accounts,
1697; and the surveyors' accounts,
||Its existence seems implied in the
record of the baptism of John de Cudworth
||The decree, preserved at Prestwich,
is printed by Booker, Prestwich, 252.
||Chadderton deed in Raines, Langley
Autobiog. (Chet. Soc. Misc. vi), p. viii.
||Booker, op. cit. 254.
||In 1488 and 1558; ibid. 257. By
the last decree Bishop Scott ordered the
inhabitants of Oldham to contribute their
share to the lights about the sacrament
and the sepulchre yearly, and the candles
on the Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday
in Holy Week used in 'the service, as it
is called, in tencbris;' also the wax candles at the Purification ; they were also
to contribute to the nave and belfry of the
parish church, and the maintenance of the
Edmund Ashton of Chadderton in 1517
gave to trustees a messuage and close at
Oldham—Pighill, near Horsedge Moor—
out of which 4s. 4d. was to be paid yearly to
the clerk of Prestwich in lieu of the ' holy
bread silver' due from the people of Oldham; Raines D.(Chet. Lib.),bdle.4,no. 51.
||There does not appear to have been
any statute passed to effect the separation,
but in the documents of the time Oldham
is uniformly treated as a separate parish
and rectory; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec.
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), i, 39 ; ii, 239.
A petition to Parliament in 1664 for
the erection of Oldham into a parish,
complaining of the 'mendicant preachers'
supplied by the rectors of Prestwich in
return for the tithes, is printed in Shaw,
In 1704 the rector, at the request of
the inhabitants, agreed to the separation
of Oldham, but the necessary Act of Parliament was not procured; Raines papers
in Chet. Lib.
||There were no endowed chantries.
In 1458 the 'tithes, oblations, and
emoluments belonging to the chapel of
Oldham' were leased by the rector of
Prestwich to Lawrence Ashton, priest,
for 43 marks. The rector was to rind a
parish priest for the chapel; Raines D.
(Chet. Lib.) 3/41.
Ch. Gds. 1552 (Chet. Soc), 43.
Plund. Mins.Accts. i, 39; Commonw.
Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 22.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc),
ii, 111, 112; 'the chapelry is very large,'
he notices, and 'the congregation very
numerous.' There was an endowment of
20s. per annum for the Haward Charity
sermon. There were four churchwardens,
one chosen by the rector, the others by
||Booker, Presvwich, 85. An account
of the income in 1808 was given by
Thomas Fawcett, then chaplain; he had
£30 from the rector, about £40 from the
lands, and about £20 from surplice fees;
Oldham Notes and Gleanings, iii, 93.
Lond. Gaz. 5 May 1835.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 1500.
Langley Autobiog. p. viii. He occurs
again in 1529.
||He was a lessee of Edmund Ashton
of Chadderton in 1540; Raines D. (Chet.
Lib.), bdle. 4, no. 59.
As paid by the rector of Prestwich he
appears in the Clergy List of 1541–2 (Rec.
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), 12. He is named
again in the Visitation Lists of 1548 and
||Probably the Roger Wnglcy who
was curate of Prestwich in 1541–2. He
occurs at Oldham in the Visitation Lists
of 1563, 1565, and 1567. He was still
curate in 1575; H. Pennant's Acct. Bk.
||Shaw, Oldham, 32. In the list of
curates, where no other reference is given,
this book should be consulted under the
||A Lancashire Thomas Hunt graduated B.A. at Oxford (Brasenose College)
in 1586; Foster, Alumni; but the Oldham curate is stated to have been appointed in 1580. He preached before
the Earl of Derby in 1589. Next year
he was summoned before the Bishop of
Chester to give evidence of conformity,
and Edmund Hopwood wrote to the archbishop desiring that there should be no
interference with him as a 'discreet,
peaceable, and honest man.' In 1604 he
was again summoned before the bishop, as
one of the ringleaders of nonconformity;
in the next year is a note in the register
of baptisms that three children were
'christened with the cross by Mr. Masson,'
as if this were an exceptional ceremony.
Shortly afterwards Thomas Hunt became
master of the newly-founded grammar
school, so that he had the confidence of
the people. He retained his curacy, and
at a visitation in 1608 it was stated that
he did not wear the surplice, omitted the
cross in baptism, and at a burial did not
meet the corpse at the church stile. He
died in 1611. Perhaps Thomas Jackson,
master of the grammar school, also succeeded to the curacy; Shaw; see also
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 11, 16.
Thomas Hunt, preacher of the Word
of God at Oldham, in 1609 received
£12 10s. from James Ashton of Chadderton as a half year's rent for 'all the white
tithes in the parish of Oldham;' Raines
Papers, Chet. Lib.
||Afterwards rector of Prestwich. In
1622 he was called 'lecturer,' while a
Mr. Dickonson was ' curate at Chadderton ;' Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.),
||Named in the Visitation List. He
did not wear the surplice, and was suspected of incontinency.
||Shaw, op. cit. 88, 90; he resided at
Chadderton. The Protestation was signed
by 553 people.
||He was a member of the Manchester
Classis in 1646; Manch. Classis (Chet.
Soc), i, 6.
||He was ordained and appointed in
1647; ibid, i, 35, 38; afterwards at
||He had officiated at Fairfield and
Buxton in Derbyshire; was 'presented
by the people at Oldham for allowance to
be their minister' in Nov. 1647, and
approved by the classis; ibid, i, 59, 64.
He signed the 'Harmonious Consent' in
1648, but refused the Engagement, and
was suspended; in 1654 he was restored,
and continued at Oldham until 1662,
when he was ejected for nonconformity.
He then ministered privately during the
twenty years' proscription, and was the
founder of the Independent chapel at
Greenacres. He died at Manchester in
1699 ; ibid, iii, 424, 425.
||Afterwards rector of Prestwich, and
Bishop of Chichester. During his tenure
of the curacy at Oldham he resisted the
Classis as much as possible; ibid, iii,
||Reinstated by an order of the Com-:
mittee of Plundered Ministers 15 Oct.
1654; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 54.
After the Restoration he was summoned
to answer the Bishop of Chester's official
on charges that he was 'not a lawful
ordained minister,' and had refused to read
the Book of Common Prayer, &c.; the
churchwardens supported him, and had
refused to 'set up the old font in the
place where it anciently stood according
to the ancient custom of the Church,'
suffering it ' to lie indecently in the belfry
in scorn and derision.' Alexander Potter
of Foxdenton had endeavoured to procure
the resumption of the Prayer-book services; Chest. Consistory Ct. Rec. 1661.
||Mentioned by Calamy as a conformist at Oldham.
||The name is also spelt Walwork.
Admissions to St. John's College, i,
145; his tutor was Mr. Kenyon, afterwards rector of Prestwich. He was ordained in 1664 and 1665. The date of
his appointment to the curacy is from
Stratford's Visitation List, 1691; but
from Harpur's list of preachers at Oldham,
printed in Pal. Note Bk. iv, 54–6, it is
clear that he was in charge from early in
1665, for on 5 Apr. of that year he
states that 'Mr. John Walworke, my predecessor,' preached.
||Previously at Milnrow and Shaw.
He was of the Halliwells of Pike House;
Fishwick, Rochdale, 441. His will is given
in Shaw, Oldham, 300. He was buried
21 July 1730 at Oldham.
||The church papers at Chest. Dioc.
Reg. begin at this time.
||'He was one of those clergymen
who distinguished themselves in the last
[18th] century by the diminished interest
they manifested in the political affairs of
their localities. Not deficient in intellectual acquirements, he was tolerant in
his views and refined and pacific in his
conduct. He exerted himself, in conjunction with the wealthy of the parish, in
doing all the good he could to the deserving poor in an unobtrusive way. For
want of practising the art of speaking
"with the proper ornaments of voice and
gesture," many of his hearers were attracted to dissenting congregations, "for
no other reason in the world but because
the sermons were spoken extempore;"'
E. Butterworth's Oldham (ed. 1856),
||He had been curate of St. Peter's,
||Incumbent of Hanover Chapel, 1864
||vicar of Pershore, 1873 to 1894;
Archdeacon of Worcester, 1889; rector
of Alvechurch, 1894.
||Previously vicar of Royston, Yorks.
1862 to 1873; afterwards vicar of St.
John, Micklegate, York, 1876 to 1882;
of Fulford, York, 1882 to 1889; and of
||Rector of Cheriton, Hants, 1892 to
1894; vicar of All Saints', Forest Gate,
||Previously vicar of St. Matthias',
Sneinton, 1890 to 1892.
||Visitation Lists at Chester.
||A 'monthly exercise' was arranged
for Oldham in 1653, an arrangement
modified two years later; Shaw, op. cit.
||Presentments for ecclesiastical offences made in 1684 are printed ibid. 191.
Two men were charged 'for sitting in the
church, with their hats on, in sermon
||Booker, Prestwich,, 85.
||At St. Peter's, where the curate's
salary was wholly derived from seat-rents,
there were two Sunday services with sermon, and the Lord's Supper was administered once a quarter. At St. Margaret's,
which had received a grant from Queen
Anne's Bounty, only the Sunday services
are mentioned; ibid. 85, 86.
||Consecrated 2 June 1768, see Oldham Notes and Gleanings, i, 85. It became
head of a district chapelry in 1835; Lond.
Gaz. 5 May.
It was erected by voluntary contributions, and enlarged in 1804. About 1817
the congregation subscribed for a Thursday
evening sermon in the summer months;
Butterworth, Oldham, 38.
||Consecrated 8 July 1769. It became
a district chapel at the same time as the last.
||Consecrated 19 Sept. 1829. There is
a full account of the church in Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, ii, 97, &c.; the Million
Fund of 1818 made grants towards the
building. It also became a district chapel
in 1835. A chancel has been added.
||Consecrated 20 Nov. 1844; for the
district see Lond. Gaz. 22 Oct. 1844.
||Consecrated 27 Nov. 1845. A district was assigned to it at the same time
as to the last.
||Consecrated 5 July 1847. Services
had been begun in 1845 in two rooms in
the Grove, off Sidebottom Street; see the
full history of the church in Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, i, 195, 210, &c. A district
was assigned in 1844; Lond. Gaz. 3 Dec.
||Consecrated 12 Feb. 1848. The
district was formed in 1844; Lond. Gaz.
||For district, ibid. 14 July 1846.
||Consecrated 21 Nov. 1855. The
district had been assigned at the same
time as Coldhurst.
||Consecrated 20 Apr. 1872. For
district see Lond. Gaz. 29 Nov. 1870.
||Consecrated 9 May 1873. For district see Lond. Gaz. 8 Aug. 1873.
||Consecrated 14 May 1873. For district see Lond. Gaz. 16 Dec. 1873.
||Consecrated 14 June 1876. For
district see Lond. Gaz. 30 May 1876.
||Consecrated 26 May 1880. For
district see Lond. Gaz. 3 Aug. 1880.
||Butterworth, Oldham (1817), 40;
an extract is given from the Life of John
Murlin, a preacher; the Methodists came
to Oldham, 'a place famous through all
that country for daring and desperate
wickedness,' and experienced 'heavy persecution for a season.'
||The Independent Methodists had a
chapel in 1817 at a place formerly called
Jackson's Pit; Butterworth, op. cit. 45.
In 1824 the chapels were—Independent
Methodists in George Street, and Primitive Methodists in Grosvenor Street.
||The first Baptist Chapel, at the top
of Manchester Street, was purchased in
1816 from the Methodist New Connexion,
who built it in 1805; the opening services
included the baptism of fourteen persons
in the reservoir at Hollinwood; Butterworth, op. cit. 43.
The chapels in Chamber Road, at Glodwick and at Hollinwood (Beulah), date
from 1863, 1876, and 1891, respectively;
Bapt. Year Bk. In 1856 the Particular
Baptists had three chapels, two in Hollinwood, and one in Horsedge Street.
||A History of the chapel, by its minister, the Rev. George Gaunt Waddington,
was published in 1854; it gives views of
the houses and chapels successively used,
and an account of the various ministers.
One or two of them had adopted the Unitarian doctrine prevalent among the Nonconformists in the latter part of the 18 th
century, but stayed only a short time, and
Calvinism was the rule; see the account
in Nightingale's Lancs. Nonconf. v, 230–45.
The chapel at Greenacres was one of
those wrecked by the 'Church and King '
mob from Manchester in 1715; see works
above quoted; and for the names and
fines of some of the delinquents (1716),
Raines Papers in Chet. Lib.
||Nightingale, op. cit. v, 245–64,
Official Handbook of the Presb. Ch.
||The United Brethren began preaching at Greenacres in 1772, and continued
at Lees. Salem Chapel was built at the
expense of John Lees of Fairfield, James
Lees of Clarksfield, and Joseph Lees of
Plymouth Grove, the owner of the estate
undertaking to discharge all taxes, &c.;
from Short Sketches of Moravian Work
||Heyside in Royton had been the
meeting-place since 1665. In 1784 a
meeting-house was opened in Oldham; in
1802 the present site was acquired, and
the house was built in 1869.
||' A small but comparatively handsome structure' in Lord Street, erected in
1816; Butterworth, op. cit. 44.
||These existed in 1856. In that year
there was also a New Jerusalem or Swedenborgian Church in Lees Road.
||It was attacked by an anti-Catholic
mob in 1861, when much damage was
done; Kelly, Engl. Cath. Miss. 304.
Char. Com. Rep. xvi, 1826, pp.
222–34. Oldham is called a parish, and
treated separately from Prestwich.
||Oldham Grammar School, 1606;
Hollinwood School, 1786, to which also
John Walker's Charity of 1755 was applied ; and the Bluecoat School, founded
by Thomas Henshaw in 1807. Samuel
Scholes in 1747 gave rent-charges of £12
on lands in Glodwick, and £4 on messuages in Oldham for the education of
poor children; and in 1826 there were
thirty-nine being taught out of the proceeds at different schools.
||The Great Meadow, near Fogg Lane,
was in 1640 granted by Edmund Tetlow
the elder, and Edmund Tetlow the younger,
charged with rents of 28s. 8d. and 3s. 4d.
for the poor of Oldham and Royton respectively. Though these sums are named
it seems to have been the practice from
the first to give the whole rent of the
field to the poor, and this was established
by the later trusts. In 1804, on the division of the common lands, a small allotment was made in respect of the Poor's
Field. In 1826 the gross rents were
£20 2s., distributed with the following.
John Tetlow in 1704 left land in
Honeywell Lane, near Broadway Lane in
Oldham, for the benefit of the poor; one
boy was to be apprenticed each year. An
allotment on North Moor was added in
1804; and the gross rents in 1826
amounted to £33 a year. This and the
preceding charity money were distributed
in blankets, linen, and calico. No apprenticeships had been made for many
Samuel Haward in 1704 gave rentcharges on his lands in Salford, Thorpe in
Royton, Hollinwood in Oldham, Failsworth, and Gorton for the poor of Salford
and Oldham, 'who should constantly on
the Lord's Day go to church or some
legal assembly for divine worship, and
there reverently behave themselves, morning and evening.' The three rent-charges
of £25 in all were duly paid in 1826, and
the money distributed according to the
founder's intent, in Bibles, Catechisms,
and clothing ; the minister had 20s. for a
sermon on the first Wednesday after
Timothy Eyre of Hollinwood in 1728
left £100 for the poor. In 1826 the
capital was in the hands of the incumbent
of Oldham, who distributed £4 10s. as
interest in linen cloth.
||James Wyld in 1672 left a rentcharge of £5 on his house and land for
the poor of Crompton. In 1826 this was
distributed by the churchwarden and overseer in gifts of linen cloth.
||Royton in 1826 received 37s. 3d. a
year from the rents of the Poor's field in
Oldham. It was distributed every two
years by the overseer; linen cloth, blankets,
and flannel being given.