||3,082 including 39 of inland water,
according to the census of 1901.
||'This township is truly remarkable as
containing a great number of roads, on
the borders of which are erected numerous
cottages, which are all denominated lanes,
viz., Burnley Lane, Stock Lane, Block
Lane, Old Lane, Denton Lane, Thompson Lane, Dowry Lanc [Drury Lanc],
Mought Lane, Turf Lanc, Tonge Lanc,
and Bawtry Lanc'; Butterworth, Oldham
(ed. 1817), 163.
||The right of way through Coleshaw
Lanc, on payment of ½d. a year, was recognized in 1672; Shaw, Oldham, 178.
||'This township extends to a white
stone, which formerly was fixed near the
middle of White Moss'; Butterworth,
op. cit. 163. A perambulation of the
bounds between Chadderton and Nuthurst
was ordered in 1520; Towneley MS. CC,
||See further in the account of Moston.
Leases of land in Theale Moor are given
in Shaw, Oldham, 50, 173, 174, 193.
||Butterworth, 167; the boundary here
was: 'From Werneth old mill to Collier
stone, near Cash yate, from thence in a
direct line, cutting off about five yards of
the south-east corner of the chapel yard
[St. Margaret's], by Grace well, to the
corner house above Grocock's, and so on
by the Bowling green aforesaid.' Collier
Hill indicates one of these boundaries;
Grace Well has perhaps been absorbed in
the canal reservoir.
A survey of Hollinwood was made in
1614; Shaw, op. cit. 56. The bounds as.
settled in 1713 are given in Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, ii, 220–2, from the RainesMSS. in Chet. Lib. xxiv, 255.
||See a letter from Mrs. Byrom and
Mrs. Potter in 1683, printed in Shaw,
Lond. Gaz. 21 June 1873.
||Subs. R. bdle. 250, no. 9, Lancs.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 61. In 1324 it was
returned that Thomas Earl of Lancaster
had held the fee in right of Alice his wife;
the sake fee due from Chadderton was 3s.;
ibid, ii, 102.
Inq. and Extents, loc. cit. It descended
to Gilbert's son Roger (who died in 1241),
and was in 1234–5 granted by Roger to
Gilbert de Barton (his nephew) as the
manors of Chadderton and Denton in Lancashire with mills and the land of Crompton; Feet of F. Hen. III, Div. Cos. no.
Gilbert de Notton granted to Stanlaw
Abbey land in Chadderton within bounds
beginning at the Constable's Oak, and
going by Netherlee Brook and the Moss,
'as the moss and the dry land divide,' to
Tache Lache and the bounds of 'Caule
Shaw' (Coldshaw), and by a lache on
the south back to the oak; Whalley
Coucher (Chet. Soc), i, 48. In 1549 two
parts of a messuage in Chadderton were
held by James Ashton of the king, by
reason of the attainder of the Abbot of
Whalley, the service being 4d. yearly;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, 29. A
house called Thatch Leach lies about a
quarter of a mile to the south-east of
In 1242 Gilbert de Barton held the
fourth part of a knight's fee in Chadderton,
of the Earl of Lincoln's fee of Tottington;
it belonged to the dower of the countess;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 153.
In 1324 the judge of Chadderton paid
4s. to the steward of the court at Tottington in respect of a fine for respite of suit;
Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
9. In 1626 three constables were required
to attend the Tottington court; Shaw,
||See the account of Cheetham.
||Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. L.1221;
the date is fixed by the name of the first
witness—'Henry de Wingeham, Chancellor of the King,' 1255–8.
Gilbert de Barton's succession had been
in 1224 disputed by Roger de Notton;
Cal.Pat. 1216–25, p. 488.
||The Trafford tenure is that recognized
in the feodaries, &c. In the De Lacy Inq.
of 1311 (Chet. Soc. p. 19) it was stated
that Henry de Traffbrd held of the earl
the manor of Chadderton by the service of
one knight's fee, and suit of court.
In 1346 Isabel Queen of England held
it of the heirs of Alice de Lacy as the
fifth of a knight's fee, paying 3s. by the
hands of Henry de Trafford her tenant,
and 2s. for castle ward; Add. MS. 32103,
In 1445–6 Sir Edmund Trafford held
Chadderton for the fifth part of a knight's
fee; the relief due for it was 20s., but he
said that he was in ward, and no relief
was paid; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
bdle. 2, no. 20.
The reduction from the fourth part of
a knight to the fifth may have been due
to the separation of Foxdenton.
In 1856 Chadderton still owed suit and
service to the court baron of the honour
of Clitheroe; E. Butterworth, Oldham
(ed. 1856), 13.
||Margery, widow of Geoffrey de Chetham, in 1275 claimed dower in 20 acres
in Moston and Chadderton against Geoffrey
de Chadderton; De Banco R. 10, m. 35.
Chadderton is not noticed in the settlement of Geoffrey de Chadderton's estate
in 1278, unless the 'Couentre' is a mistake for it; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 153. Geoffrey de Chadderton was a juror in 1282; Inq. and Extents,
i, 244. In 1291 Thomas de Cowlishaw
complained that Geoffrey de Chadderton,
the chief lord, had deprived him of common of pasture in 100 acres of moor in
Chadderton, appertaining to Thomas's free
tenement in Foxdenton; but he did not
succeed; Assize R. 1294, m. 9. In the
same year Geoffrey de Chadderton made
a claim against William son of Robert de
Staynringes, and Christiana his wife, respecting his hereditary estate; ibid. m.
11 d. The defendants may have been the
William de la Hacking and Christiana his
wife of the fine above referred to.
||Henry son of Henry son of Richard
de Trafford claimed the manor of Chadderton against Henry de Chadderton, on
the ground that his grandfather had demised it to the defendant while of unsound
mind. As in relating he claimed against
Geoffrey de Chadderton, the defendant
Henry was acquitted ; Assize R. 408, m.
Inq. and Extents, i, 313.
In 1301 Geoffrey de Chadderton was
one defendant to a plea of novel disseisin;
and Geoffrey son of Geoffrey de Chadderton, was a defendant in another case;
Assize R. 1321, m. 3. In 1304 Geoffrey
de Chadderton the elder claimed certain
lands as his inheritance against Adam de
Rossendale and Margery his wife; Assize
R. 419, m. 4. In the following year
Geoffrey de Chadderton called upon Henry
son of Henry de Trafford to warrant him
in the possession of certain lands in Chadderton claimed by the rector of Prestwich;
De Banco R. 153, m. 292 d.
Between 1301 and 1305 Geoffrey de
Chadderton and Joan his wife acquired an
estate in Ancoats; Mamecestre (Chet. Soc),
ii, 250 ; Final Conc, ii, 1. Geoffrey de
Chadderton and Geoffrey his son attested
a Roy ton charter in 1310. Geoffrey,
perhaps the younger, was living in 1318,
when Richard his son is mentioned;
Mamecestre, loc. cit. He died before 1320,
in which year his son William held Foxdenton; ibid. 279.
||The descent here followed is that recorded in the inquisition of 1408, recited
in 1511; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv,
96. Geoffrey de Chadderton had several
other sons, e.g., Alexander and Roger;
Assize R. 1435, m. 37. They had lands
in Moston and Nuthurst in 1320; Mamecestre, 279. Alexander was living in 1329;
Assize R. 427, m. 3.
William de Chadderton, who, as shown
above, succeeded before 1320, was in 1332
among the plaintiffs regarding land in
Chadderton and Oldham; Assize R. 1411,
m. 12 d. In the same year Margery,
widow of William de Chadderton, contributed to the subsidy; Exch. Lay Sub.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 30.
||John de Radcliffe, 'the parson's son
of Bury,' and Margery his wife were
plaintiffs respecting waste in Chadderton
against John de Huxley and Beatrice his
wife in 1367, and against Sir Henry de
Trafford in 1369; De Banco R. 426, m.
35; 435, m. 126. Margery seems to
have been living in 1386; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xl, App. 525, 526.
||Inquisition recited, as above stated,
in Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 96.
The clear value was 20 marks. The
other Chadderton estate named is a ploughland in Witton.
John de Radcliffe seems to have married a second time; for the feoffees of
John son of Roger de Barlow in 1405
granted lands in Manchester and Spotland
to John de Radcliffe for life, with remainders to Robert, Alice, Jemima, Joan,
Ellen, and Elizabeth, his children—probably by Margery de Barlow, after whose
death the trustees had them.
||He was born 26 Jan. 1392–3, at
Medecroft, and baptized in Bury Church,
the sponsors being John de Radcliffe of
Chadderton and Margaret del Heap; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 543.
Final Conc. iii, 97. Elizabeth, the
widow of Sir John, died 15 Aug. 1442;
her daughter and heir was Margaret, wife
of Sir Geoffrey Radcliffe, then aged about
thirty years; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1489.
||The writs of Diem clausit extr. after
the deaths of Sir John de Radcliffe of
Chadderton and of Richard his son were
respectively issued on 7 Oct. and 13 Nov.
1436; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 37.
||The inq. p.m. is in Towneley MS.
DD, no. 1487; in this the mesne lordship
of Sir Edmund Trafford is recognized;
the clear value of the manor was £30.
Richard and Elizabeth his wife had jointly
held messuages and lands in Spotland.
||Two records remain; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. iii, 74,80. In the former, Edmund
Ashton is stated to have died 20 Mar.
1489–90; in the latter, on 29 Aug. 1488.
The third part of the manor and lordship
of Chadderton, with ten messuages, 200
acres of land, &c., were held of the king
as Duke of Lancaster by the third part of
the fourth part of a knight's fee, and were
worth £20 a year clear Sir John Trafford sold the marriage of the heir to Edward Ashton, clerk, and other members
of the family, for £46 13s. 4d. The
inquisitions seem to have been taken, on
the heir's coming of age, in 1500 and
1501, and to have been connected with
the Traffords' mesne lordship and its
appurtenant right of wardship and marriage. This mesne lordship having been
ignored in the inquisition the king, as
duke, put in a claim to the £46 13s. 4d.;
to the 'utter undoing' of the said Edward
Ashton and the others; Duchy Plead. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 47. The matter again came up in the cases of Thomas
Radcliffe and Ralph Standish, in 1511 and
1512; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, 96;
||The agreement for the marriage was
made in 1491; Raines D. (Chet. Lib.),
bdle. 3, no. 47. On the division of the
Harrington of Wolfage estates in 1517
James Ashton of Chadderton, son of Janet,
received lands in Brixworth valued at
£15 15s. a year, as his portion; Norris
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, 4;
the rent of 12d. for sake fee is mentioned.
Edward Ashton, brother of Edmund, had
the manor of Shuttleworth for life.
James Ashton had special livery of his
lands in 1545; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix,
App. 550. A detailed account of his
possessions at the time is among the Raines
D. (Chet. Lib.), bdle. 4, no. 60.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, 29.
The provision for the son's wife is recorded
in the previous inquisition.
Edmund son of James Ashton had
special livery in 1550; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxix, App. 550.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, 66.
A settlement of the manor, &c., was immediately made by James Ashton; Pal
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 56, m. 33.
The will of Edmund Ashton, dated
1583, is printed in Piccope, Wills (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 169, 170.
Visit. of 1567 (Chet. Soc), p. 20;
this records the marriage of James Ashton.
||P.R.O. List, 73.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 224.
Annuities of £10 each were settled
on Richard Ashton in 1569, and on Edmund Ashton in 1577, by their father
Edmund and elder brother James; Raines
D. (Chet. Lib.), bdle. 4, no. 65, 66. The
will of James Ashton is printed in Shaw,
Oldham, 53. Richard Ashton died in May
1609, holding lands in Oldham; his wife
Anne survived him, and his son Edmund
was eight years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 145.
In addition to their lands the Ashtons
had a lease of the tithes of Oldham chapelry, and presented to the curacy; Misc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 112.
||P.R.O. List, 73. A settlement of
his third part of the manor was made in
1624; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 103,
no. 18. He paid £25 in 1631 on declining knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 216. An early will (1623)
of his is printed in Shaw, Oldham, 63.
Roy. Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), i, 91; he had taken the
National Covenant and the Negative
||James Ashton of Chadderton was
buried at Oldham 1 May 1651. John
Vicars in Dagon Demolished says about
Mr. Ashton that he was 'once a desperate
Malignant in the first war against the
Parliament, but afterwards, having made
his peace, taken the Engagement, and
turned a great stickler for the present
times, was made a justice of peace and
became one of Mr. Constantine's greatest
enemies, 'sequestered his benence(Oldham),
banished him, and otherwise persecuted him.
His death, by 'such a languishing sickness
as made him daily pine away, so as no
means or physic could help him,' was
regarded as a divine punishment, and it
happened the day before or day after
Mr. Constantine was to have appeared
before him, as justice; Local Gleanings
Lancs. and Cbes. ii, 17.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 18.
Edmund Ashton is said to have been
killed in a duel 17 March 1664–5; he
was gentleman of the bedchamber to the
Duke of York, and lieut.-colonel in the
Horse Guards; Butterworth, Oldham, 157.
The story must be false, for Edmund
Ashton, having attained his majority,
appeared by proxy at Ightenhill manor
court on 15 April 1665, to be admitted
to lands at Padiham previously held by
his grandfather Edmund; Raines D.
(Chet. Lib.), bdle. 8. The age, as recorded by Dugdale, may therefore be some
years too little.
Edmund Ashton was still living in 1684,
when he concurred with the other lords
of the manor in granting leave 'to dig,
delve, search for and get coals, to sink,
tunnel, and make pit shafts,' &c., on the
North Moor, on the west side of the Mere
Ditch; Shaw, Oldham, 188.
||See the account of him among the
rectors of Prestwich. By his will (1728)
he made provision for the payment of
£4,000, the marriage portion of his daughter Dorothy; and by a codicil (1731) left
to her and her son Ashton Lever, and
the heirs male, his chapel in Prestwich
||These particulars are from the Horton
pedigress in Burke's Commoners, i, 284,
with later particulars from Landed Gentry,
under De Ferry of Kilmaenllwyd; G.E.C.
Complete Baronetage, v, 128; Shaw, Oldham, 193, &c., and Canon Raines in
Notitia Cestr. (1849), ii, 114.
William, son of Joshua Horton of
Chadderton and Mary his wife, was baptized at Oldham 12 October 1686. Other
children were also baptized there, showing
that the family resided.
||P.R.O. List, 74.
||He was high sheriff in 1775. There
was a recovery of the third part of the
manor in 1778, Sir Watts Horton being
tenant; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 628, m.
7a. Sir Watts Horton's conciliatory conduct at a time of bread riots in Oldham is
described in E. Butterworth's Hist. of
Oldham (ed. 1856), 138.
||Sir Thomas was the owner in 1817;
Butterworth, Oldham, 155. He died in
A large number of letters and papers of
the Ashton and Horton families came
into the possession of Canon Raines, and
are now in the Chetham Library, vols.
xxxii-xxxv of his MSS.
||Information of Mr. Thomas Heywood.
||A view of the hall (1794), with a
short description, is given in Dr. Aikin's
Country Round Manch. 241.
||a Raines' notes to Gastrell's Notitia
(Chet. Soc. xix).
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 126;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, 76;
after the death of Margery, wife of Ralph
Standish and then of Thomas Radeliffe,
one of the daughters and heirs of Richard
Radcliffe of Chadderton, who died in May
1476 seised of the third part of the manor
and various lands and messuages held of
the king as of his duchuy of Lancaster by
knight's service, Sir Alexander her son
was heir. Sir Alexander died in 1507
holding the same third by the same service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, 25.
Ralph his son and heir in 1512 came
forward to correct the finding of the inquest, stating the descent of the manor
and establishing the Traffords' mesne
lordship ; ibid, iii, 2.
In 1540 the king granted the Earl of
Derby an annual rent of 20 marks issuing
from the third part of the manor of Chadderton, together with the wardship and
marriage of Ralph son and heir of Alexander Standish, a minor; Duchy of Lanc.
Misc. Bks. xxii, 161 d. Edward Standish
in 1556 sought a division of 100 acres of
land, &c., which he held in Chadderton
jointly with Thomas Radcliffe of Foxdenton; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 202, m.
13. About the same time Mary Standish,
widow, complained of the interruption of
a road between Chadderton and Alkrington ; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 305.
Edward Standish, who died in 1610, held
the third part of the manor; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 185.
In this and other inquisitions the service
is erroneously stated as the third part of a
knight's fee, instead of the third part of a
||E.g. Pal. of Lanc Feet of F. bdle. 75,
no. 11 (1610); bdle. 81, no. 8 (1613); bdle.
121, no. 5 (1632); bdle. 165, no. 8 (1660).
||Shaw, Oldham, 157. The Standish
inheritance seems to have been sold piecemeal. In 1668 Edward Standish sold land,
&c., to various tenants; ibid. 169.
||Land Tax returns at Preston. The
other principal contributors were Sir Watts
Horton and Mr. Radclyffe's executors.
||As above stated, Gilbert de Barton
sold his right in Chadderton to the superior
lord, Edmund de Lacy, about 1255. Foxdenton, however—or Denton simply, as it
was anciently called—was not included in
this sale, but transferred to the Grelleys,
lords of Manchester, and held of them by
the Chadderton family—e.g. by Geoffrey
de Chadderton in 1282, and by William
de Chadderton in 1320, as 1 oxgang, by
the rent of 1d.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 247; Mamecestre, 279. From this time
Foxdenton seems to have merged again in
Chadderton, its connexion with Manchester being forgotten.
Gilbert de Barton granted to the canons
of Cockersand land in Denton, with the
usual easements in the vills of Chadderton
and Denton, and acquittance of pannage
for their pigs in the wood of Lyme. The
bounds recited mention Ridley Syke,
Blacklache, the Church land, Hazelhead
Brook, and Ripley Brook; Cockersand
Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 732.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 139;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, 36 ; iv, 96.
From this it appears that Elizabeth had
married again, and in 1497 gave John
Duncalf for life a messuage and 40 acres
in Chadderton. William Radcliffe's feoffment, made shortly before his death, is
recited, making provision for his various
children. Two of these, John and Roger,
were illegitimate, and their lands reverted
at their death in 1527 and 1528 to
Thomas Radcliffe; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. vi, 60.
The inquisition after William Radcliffe
is also recorded in Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
113, m. 19, in connexion with the Trafford claim to the wardship of the heir.
At m. 18 is the Standish case.
Margery Kirke, widow of William
Radcliffe of Chadderton, died in 1521,
Thomas the son and heir being then
described as over sixteen years of age;
she had held eight messuages, 40 acres of
land, &c., in the township; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, 38.
||Ibid, xi, 25. The settlement recited in it granted the manor, after the
death of Thomas, to the use of his eldest
son William for sixty years, then to the
use of any wife of William for her life,
then to any son of the said William and
his heirs male; then to the second and
third sons of Thomas in the same way.
William was to 'leave and forbear the
company of Margery Hawkirk, with
whom he was suspected to lead an ungodly life,' and within ten years marry
'such gentlewoman or other woman being
of honest name and fame,' approved by
the trustees; see ibid, iii, 13.
The will of Thomas Radcliffe is
printed in Piccope's Wills (Chet. Soc. ),ii,
163–4; his sons William and John, and
daughters Katherine, Ellen, Margaret,
Elizabeth, and Anne, are named, and three
bastard children. He desired to be buried
in Oldham Church, near his wife.
||In accordance with the father's settlement.
||Inq. p.m. last cited, and xiv, 54.
John Radcliffe, who was 'of Gisburn,' in
1580, in consideration of the marriage
between his daughter Margaret and
Richard Radcliffe of Newcroft, gave his
manor and lands in Chadderton to trustees for their benefit. John had various
disputes with his elder brother William
(see Ducatus Lanc. [Rec. Com.], iii, 177,
512), who in 1589 laid claim to the
estate, but seems to have been defeated.
William made settlements of the third
part of the manor, with various messuages, water-mills and dovecotes, lands,
&c., in Chadderton, Foxdenton, Oldham,
and Glodwick, in 1587 and 1588; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 49, m. 54; 50, m.
William Radcliffe died 30 June 1590,
holding two messuages, &c., in Glodwick, his heir being his niece Margaret;
ibid, xv, m. 23. His nuncupative will is
printed in Wills (Chet. Soc. new ser.), i,
108. He left his goods to his wife and
his son Walter.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, 25.
She died 28 November 1590. There were
a younger son and six daughters, of whom
one grew up. Her husband died 13
January 1602–3, and was buried in Flixton Church, where there is a brass.
||He granted to Sir Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall and other trustees his
capital messuage of Denton and the manor
of Chadderton, with the demesne lands;
the coal mines at Huntclough; part of a
water corn-mill and two kilns, and
various tenements; the capital messuage
called Newcroft in Urmston; for the use
of his son and heir Robert, with remainder to younger sons William and Alexander. The father reserved to himself
rooms at Foxdenton and an annuity of
£40, and made provision for his younger
sons and his daughters—Margaret, Elizabeth, Susan, and Mary; Shaw, Oldham,
||He was made a knight in the field,
at the pursuit of Essex's army, 1 September, 1644; Metcalfe, Knights, 202.
||He had a colonel's commission from
Prince Charles. After the surrender he
had leave to return to Foxdenton, Lord
Fairfax reporting that he was 'very civil
and fair in his demeanour,' the country
commending him 'for preserving them
often from the injuries which they were
subject unto by the unruly soldiers.' His
estates were, of course, sequestered by the
Parliament, but he compounded, stating
the annual value of the estates as £235,
and claiming a mitigation of the fine on
the ground that he was neither 'a papist
in arms,' nor a participant in the 'rebellion of Ireland.' He made his will in
1647, desiring to be buried in Oldham
Church, and making provision for his
wife Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Rowland
Egerton of Farthinghoe; Shaw, Oldham
96–8, 103–8. Dame Elizabeth's will,
dated 1650, is printed ibid. 116, 117.
||In 1652 a settlement was made by
Alexander Radcliffe and Mary his wife;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 152, m. 65.
The remainders, after his issue, were to
Susan, then wife of Alexander Potter of
Foxdenton, to Mary Radcliffe, to Sir
Alexander Radcliffe of Ordsall, &c.;
Raines D. (Chet. Lib.), 4/72. See also
Cal. Com. for Compounding, ii, 1445. He
died about eighteen months after this, for
his widow Mary joined in a mortgage of
Foxdenton in 1654; Shaw, Oldham, 146.
By this time his sister Mary was the wife
of John Byrom of Salford.
A fine respecting a third part of the
manors of Glodwick, Oldham, and Chadderton in 1662 may relate to the Radcliffe
inheritance; the deforciants were John
Deane and Magdalen his wife; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 168, m. 118.
||Major Byrom and Dr. Potter were in
possession in 1667, when the manor court
allowed John Hall, with their permission,
to build a cottage, which might stand 'so
long as those who live therein do not beg,
but labour for their living'; Shaw, op.
||The Potters resided at Foxdenton.
In 1681 Alexander Potter was assessed
there; ibid. 186. He and his wife made
a demise of their moiety of Foxdenton in
1684; ibid. 192. He died in 1691, aged
eighty-eight, and was buried in Oldham
Church; ibid. 205. His widow was buried
there 25 January 1696–7; ibid. 218.
In 1692 there was a recovery of Mary
Byrom's moiety of the manor; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 228, m. 97.
On 11 May 1693 Susan Potter of Foxdenton and Mary Byrom of Salford, widows,
made their wills, devising Foxdenton and
other estates to trustees, for the benefit of
John, grandson of Sir Alexander Radcliffe
of Ordsall, and then of Alexander, elder
son of Captian Robert Radcliffe, late of
Withenshaw—he was killed in a duel in
1686; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), iii,
617—and his sons in tail male; then of
Edward, younger son of Robert, &c.;
Shaw, Oldham, pp. 210–13. Alexander
was at this time about fifteen years of age.
Abstracts of a number of Radclyffe
leases from 1707 onwards are printed in
Shaw's Oldham, pp. 243, &c. On 6 January 1725–6 Alexander Radclyffe of Foxdenton leased to Edmund Radclyffe the
messuage called Cowper's Tenement,
wood and timber and mines of coal
and stone being excepted, but with
reasonable hedgebote, &c. The rent was
to be 21s., one day's ploughing (or
4s. 6d.), the carriage of twenty baskets
of coal to Foxdenton Hall (or 2s. 6d.), one
day leading dung (or 2s. 6d.), four days'
'shearing' in harvest (or 2s. 8d.), three
days' harrowing (or 3s.), two fat hens (or
1s. 4d.), at death the best beast; two young
oaks or ashes were to be planted each
year; ibid. 284. A 'fifteenth' levied in
1720 is printed on p. 272.
A settlement was made in 1730 by
Alexander Radclyffe, Elizabeth his wife,
and Robert Radclyffe; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 305, m. 97.
||Robert Radclyffe paid a duchy rent of
2s. in 1779; Duchy of Lanc. Rentals,
||For pedigrees see Burke's Commoners,
iv, 399; Landed Gentry; Foster, Lancs.
||Butterworth says 'some time since,'
writing in 1817; Oldham, 146.
||a Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xi, 162.
||b Ibid. The stone was probably a
||c Raines' notes to Gastrell's Notitia
(Chet. Soc. xix). Raines notes in 1849
that numerous family portraits still hung
in the house.
Oldham Notes and Gleanings, ii, 223,
from Raines MSS. xxiv, 107.
||Hornby Chapel D. The bounds described began on the east side of the springs,
and mention the land of Robert de Hulton,
the lache under Lonesedge, Romesdene,
Hennerode; Ytheyc; and Tinte Carr. The
rent payable was 1d.
By another grant the parson of Prestwich gave to Robert son of Gilbert de
Scolecroft and his heirs by Amaria daughter of Peter de Hopwood all the land in
Chadderton granted in pure alms by
Gilbert de Barton to God and B. Mary of
Prestwich at a rent of 2s.; Booker, Prestwich, 250; Agecroft D. 5.
Richard de Scolecroft, son of Gilbert
son of Wllet, granted to his son Alan the
half of the land he had purchased from
Sir Gilbert de Barton, and to hold as
freely as the grantor had held it of the
rectors of Prestwich; Booker, op. cit. 252.
The bounds of this land are identical with
those of the first-mentioned deed, so that
Gilbert de Barton, after selling to the
Scolecrofts, had granted his lordship to
Prestwich Church. Then Alan son of
Richard de Scolecroft gave this land to his
brother Robert; ibid. 251.
William de Scolecroft in 1415 demised
his lands in Chadderton to Robert de
Buckley for five years; Raines D. (Chet.
The family took their name from a
place in the north-west corner of the
township, now Scowcroft.
In 1304 Master William de Marklan,
the rector, claimed two messuages, 31
acres of land, and 7 acres of meadow in
Chadderton and Radcliffe as the free alms
pertaining to the church of Prestwich;
the defendants, who held it as a lay fee,
were Richard de Radcliffe, Geoffrey de
Chadderton, Margery de Scolecroft, and
Adam her son; De Banco R. 149, m. 255;
R. 158, m. 158 d, &c. Adam de Scolecroft and Adam son of Amaria contributed
to the subsidy of 1332; Exch. Lay Subs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 30.
||It is mentioned in the list of their
lands in 1292; Plac. de Quo War. (Rec.
||These monastic lands are probably
the lands in Chadderton held by Thomas
Holt of Gristehurst in 1560; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, 46.
||In 1537 the free tenants numbered
12, 13, and 19 in the Standish, Ashton,
and Radcliffe lordships; Shaw, Oldham, 13.
An assessment for the fifteenth in 1577
is printed in Oldham Notes and Gleanings,
iii, 61–3, from the Raines MSS. xxiv,
275. It gives the names of the contributors ranged under the three lordships.
||'For goods' James Scholes contributed to the subsidy of 1526; Shaw, Oldham, 16. William Scholes contributed to
that of 1541; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 145. Various members of
the family holding under the Standish
part of the manor paid to the fifteenth in
1577, John Scholes contributing as a
'mesne tenant'; Shaw, 29. John Scholes
died in 1589, holding a messuage and
23 acres called Okeden of the lords of the
manor in socage by a rent of 6d., leaving
a son and heir John, aged over thirtyeight in 1619; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 147. This
John Scholes died in 1630, holding the
same lands, and leaving as heir his son
William, over twenty-three years of age;
Towneley MS. C. 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
p. 1081–2. Robert Scholes contributed
to the subsidy in 1622; Misc. (ut sup.),
i, 157. Richard and William Scholes
were two of the four presenting the names
of those liable to be assessed in Chadderton
in 1641; Shaw's Assessment, 14; see
also Shaw, Oldham, 153, 155, 171. 'The
late Mr. S. Scholes's estate, near Earnshaw Lane,' which separates Moston and
Chadderton, is mentioned in Butterworth's
Oldham (1817), 165.
James Scholes, 1671, issued a half-penny
token; Lanc. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. v, 75.
With regard to their holding it may be
noted that Richard de Okeden paid 2s. 2d.
to the subsidy of 1332; Exch. Lay Subs.
The other 'mesne tenants' in 1577
were the Mill, James Whitehead, Henry
Brearley, and Francis Buckley. The
Whiteheads and Buckleys occur in other
lists. John son and heir of Richard
Chadderton in 1507 demised his tenement
called Colesha (Coldshaw) for twenty-one
years to Nicholas Whitehead and Margery
his wife; Raines D. (Chet Lib.), 4/48.
Stockfield (Hibbert) and Birchen Bower
(Robinson) are mentioned in 1817 as
recently seats of the owners; Butterworth, op. cit. 162, 163.
||In 1448 John Huntington, warden
of Manchester, was arbitrator in a dispute
between the rector of Prestwich and the
lords of Chadderton as to tithe of the mill.
Elizabeth daughter of Richard de Radcliffe, one of the co-heirs, was not then of
full age; Raines D. (Chet. Lib.), 3/40.
Twenty years later an agreement was
made for the leasing of the 'old mill';
Edmund Ashton, Thomas Radcliffe, and
Thomas Duncalf also agreed to make no
new mill during the term, but would require their tenants to grind at the old
one, as before; ibid. 3/42.
The three lords in 1581 ordered their
tenants to grind at the Chadderton mill
and not elsewhere, under a fine of 6s. 8d.;
Shaw, Oldham, 31. Further orders were
made in 1599 and 1617; Oldham Notes
and Gleanings, ii, 163 (from Raines MSS.
in Chet. Lib. xxiv, 58).
Edmund Ashton in 1669 leased to James
Wilson of Poppythorn in Prestwich,
clothier, the fulling mill in Chadderton;
||James Taylor was the owner or
lessee; Shaw, Oldham, 209.
||E. Butterworth, Oldham (ed. 1856),
||The 'curate at Chadderton,' mentioned in 1622, was perhaps the curate of
Oldham; later curates lived in Chadderton; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 67. The name of the place may be
Lond. Gaz. 22 Oct. 1844. The
original building of 1848—a temporary
one, of wood—was burnt down; the present church was consecrated 9 November
||For district assigned, ibid. 28 Mar.