||Fishwick, Rochdale, 85; Pal. Notebk. ii, 59; Old ham Notes and Gleanings,
||Fishwick, op. cit. 534, with facsimile.
Lond. Gaa. 14 Aug. 1874.
||See Whalley Coucher (Chet. Soc), iii,
637–800; i, 153, &c. Adam son of
William de Eccles gave to Geoffrey son
of Geoffrey the Dean 4 oxgangs in Spotland held of Hugh de Eland by a rent of
4s.; ibid, iii, 744, 746. Henry son of
Geoffrey de Whalley afterwards released
to Stanlaw Abbey all his right in the
4 oxgangs, being a fourth part of the vill
of Spotland; the under-tenants were
Henry de Spotland, 2; Hugh de Thelwall, 1; and Michael son of Robert the
Reeve, 1; ibid, iii, 747. Robert son of
Essolt (or Astulf) de Asterleys, who had
previously surrendered his claim to Geoffrey and Henry de Whalley, then released
it to the monks; ibid, iii, 745, 748.
Hugh son of William de Thelwall afterwards gave his oxgang and land in Fernylea
to the monks at a rent of 19½d., and subsequently released this rent; ibid, iii, 750,
751. Michael son of Robert also resigned
his oxgang ; ibid, iii, 742.
||The grant by Henry VIII to Thomas
Holt, made in 1542, included the manor
of Spotland with its appurtenances, Whitworth, Tong End, Rockliffe, and Brandwood; a rent of £3 11s. 4d. was to be
paid; Pat. 33 Hen. VIII, pt. 6. Sir
Thomas Holt died in 1562, holding the
manor of Spotland, with lands and rents
in Spotland, Hundersfield, Whitworth,
Tong End, Rockliffe, Greave Clough,
Tong, Brandwood, Facit, Long Acres,
Horsecroft, Hallstead, Swineshead, Wolstenholme, Naden, Hallowes, and Falinge;
the greater part was held of the queen in
chief by the fourth part of a knight's fee,
but email portions were held of Charles
Holt of Stubley, a minor, John Wolstenholme, and Robert Savile; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 46. See also
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), ii, 81–6, iii, 371–8, where some
family settlements are recited; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 25 (Theophilus
Holt, 1628); and the account of Gristlehurst in Middleton parish. The estates
were dispersed soon after the Restoration,
but a 'manor of Spotland' is named as
late as 1718, when Robert Hey wood and
John Starky were in possession; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 279, m. 86. From
pleadings quoted in Fishwick, Rochdale,
78, it appears that courts were actually held in 1573, though there seems
never to have been a manor properly so
called. According to the Survey of 1626
Theophilus Holt had only 197 acres;
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxi, 170.
||In 1311 Henry de Lacy of Cromwellbottom held half a plough-land in Spotland
by the annual service of 20s.; De Lacy
Inq. (Chet. Soc), 20. The service for
the sixth part of the manor of Rochdale
was thus charged on a small part of it.
The Stubley family would no doubt claim
in respect of the rights of these Lacys;
gee Final Cone. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), iii, 31. In 1500 the messuage
and lands in Spotland held by Thomas
Holt, who died in 1494, were stated to
have been occupied by Richard Belfield;
they were held of the king by knight's
service; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii,
no. 46. In 1555 and later the manor of
Spotland' is named as part of the estate;
ibid, x, no. 48 &c. Naden was in 1562
held by Thomas Holt (of Gristlehurst) of
Charles Holt of Stubley, who held of the
queen; but a rent of 2s. was payable and
6d. also to the Earl of Derby; ibid, xi,
no. 46. Robert Holt in 1626 held
121 acres in the hamlet of Spotland and
claimed one messuage as his manor house;
Surv. in Raines MSS. xxi, 171.
At Naden (Naueden or Naveden) a
minor Holt family were in occupation
about 1600; Fishwick, op. cit. 510. In
earlier times it had been given by Hugh
de Eland in free marriage with Margery
his daughter, wife of Gilbert de Notton;
Whalley Coucher, iii, 640.
It gave a name to the immediate holders.
Maud widow of Thomas de Naden
claimed dower in a messuage and land in
Wolstenholme in 1277 against Roger son
of Robert de Naden; De Banco R. 21,
m. 5 d, 58. Adam de Naden occurs in
1323–5, and John his son in 1325; Lancs.
Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 17,
143, 150. Somewhat later Henry de
Naden is named as witness to a charter;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 4.
William de Naden was plaintiff in 1364
respecting lands in Spotland ; De Banco R.
418, m. 376. Isabel widow of Thomas
Naden claimed dower in Spotland in 1516
against James Holt 5 Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 119, m. 8. Part of Naden was held
by the Chadderton family.
The district known as Naden lies partly
||Adam de Spotland, living about 1190,
gave to Rochdale Church 6 acres in Spotland in Watland Wood, Doning Booth,
and Chadwick by Ireford; these were
granted to Alexander his son, a clerk, who
passed them on to his brother John;
Whalley Coucher, iii, 727–31. Henry son
of John de Spotland granted Hugh son of
Martin meadow in the Mosiley, and afterwards made a grant to Stanlaw; ibid, iii,
732, 753. Hugh and Henry sons of
Martin de Spotland were also benefactors;
ibid, iii, 736, 752. Martin is also called
'de Witley'; iii, 733.
Henry son of Geoffrey de Whalley gave
to Michael son of Robert the Reeve
(already mentioned) an oxgang in Spotland
at 13½d. rent; and Michael son of Robert
de Spotland gave half an oxgang to his
brother Alexander, lying on the Chadwick
side of Redbrook, within these bounds—
Redbrook, Catshaw, Selfull Lache, Grimsley Carr, Blacklache under Selfull, the
lache towards Naden, by Naden to Bagslate, Helesclough, Roch, Spotbrook, and
Redbrook; but Redfern and Twofoldhee
were excepted; ibid, iii, 739. Alexander
de Spotland afterwards gave this half oxgang of land to the monks of Stanlaw;
ibid, iii, 741.
Randle de Spotland in 1292 claimed
common of pasture against the Abbot of
Stanlaw, but was nonsuited; Assize R.
408, m. 30.
||Assize R. 408, m. 68 d.; some other
pleas at the same assize show a like
ownership; m. 27 d, 73 d. Earlier than
this, in 1278, John de Lacy had complained that the Abbot of Stanlaw, Robert
de Whitworth, and German his brother
had cut down his trees, &c. at Spotland;
De Banco R. 23, m. 40.
Richard son of Ivo is probably the same
who occurs in Clegg in Butterworth.
||These hamlets are not recognized in
the Survey of 1626. Catley is no doubt
connected with the Catshaw named in a
||Alexander de 'Ailwarderod' released
to the monks of Stanlaw the rent of 1d.
due to him from land purchased from his
brother Michael in Spotland, belonging to
an oxgang in Broadhalgh; Whalley Coucher,
iii, 754. From another charter it appears
that this Alexander was also known as
Cotterel (iii, 759); he seems also to be the
Alexander son of Robert the Reeve already
In more recent times Ellenrod was
owned by a Chadwick family; Fishwick,
op. cit. 496.
||It was part of the Whalley lands.
Alan de Mar land gave to Andrew his son,
at a rent of 2d., the land called Broderod
in Spotland with the appurtenances of
half an oxgang; Whalley Coucher, iii, 762.
Andrew son of Alan de Marland by his
will left all his land in Spotland, held of
Adam his brother, to the monks of Stanlaw, together with his body; the rent of
2d. was to be paid to Adam and his heirs;
ibid, iii, 790. The rent appears to be that
of Henry son of Martin for land in Witley
which was released by Adam ; ibid, ii,
600. Henry son of Henry de Witley
granted to the monks all his right in
Broderode; ibid, iii, 678. About 1540
the wife of James Green was the tenant;
ibid, iv, 1,225.
It formed part of the estate of the Holts
of Gristlehurst, and was in the 18 th century purchased by James Royds of Deeplish, in whose family it has since descended; Fishwick, op. cit. 497.
||A number of deeds about Copthurst
and Coptrod will be found in the Whalley
Coucher, iii, 733–6, 764 ; ii, 600. About
1540 James Gartside held 2 oxgates of
land and a ' peacle' of pasture in Coptrod
at a rent of 16s. 8d.; ibid, iv, 1226.
See also the account of the Linneys below.
||See Whalley Coucher, iii, 776, and
note; also Fishwick, op. cit. 503. Edward
Rawsthorne in 1563 obtained two messuages, &c. in Spotland from his father
Lawrence ; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 25, m. 231.
||Alexander son of Robert de Spotland
gave to the monks of Stanlaw the rent of
7½d. due from Henry de Redfern for
Fernilea and Redfern; Whalley Coucher,
Thomas Redfern, who died in 1601,
held a messuage in Redfern in Spotland and another in Wolstenholme;
James, his son and heir, was fifty years
of age; Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m.
xviii, no. 28. See also Fishwick, op. cit.
||Among others whose holdings are
recorded in the Surv. of 1626 (ut sup.
173–7) are Henry son and heir of John
Hopwood, 75 acres, paying a rent of 10d,
to (the assigns of) Savile; Jordan Chadwick (see Healey), 47 acres, paying 9d.
to Robert Holt; John Whittakers, 53
acres, paying 3s. to Robert Holt and 6d.
to Theophilus Holt; the widow of Alexander Butterworth (see Belfield), 89 acres;
and the heir of Robert Holt of Ashworth
(see Wolstenholme) claimed 85.
Thomas Hopwood and Alice his wife
in 1575 made a settlement of their lands,
mill, &c.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 37,
m. 78. Thomas died at Spotland on
2 January 1627–8, holding four messuages, a water corn-mill, &c. in Spotland
and Hundersfield; the heir was his grandson Henry (son of John, son of Thomas),
thirteen years of age. Priscilla, the
widow of John, afterwards married Robert
Chadwick. By a settlement made in
1609 the estates had been settled on
John and his heirs male, with remainder
to his daughter Alice. The lands were
held of Sir John Byron, except an acre in
Spotland, held of the king; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 70. The residence
was known as Spotland Gate. It was
at one time the property of W. Harrison Ainsworth, the novelist; Fishwick,
op. cit. 515–18, where there is a pedigree.
Samuel Hopwood, who died in 1640,
held a messuage, &c., in Spotland of
Robert Holt of Castleton and Thomas
Holt of Gristlehurst ; he left a son and
heir John, twenty-six years of age; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 89. He
lived in Woodhouse Lane; Fishwick, op.
||It was for several centuries the residence of a family named Bentley; see
Fishwick, op. cit. 518.
Samuel Greave of Woodhouse in 1626
held various lands in Spotland, for which
he paid quit-rents as follows: To the
king, 13s. 4d; to the suppressed priory of
St. John, 9½d.; and to Holt of Stubley,
12d.; Surv. in Raines MSS. xxi, 179.
||This was formerly part of the estate
of the Radcliffes of Langley, and then of
the Bamfords; see Fishwick, op. cit.
||Manor Surv. ut sup. 190.
||Robert son of Adam de Spotland
gave to Henry son of Peter de Haworth
as much land within the bounds of Chadwick as pertained to 2 oxgangs of land, one
inherited and the other purchased from
John de Lacy, the said bounds being:
From the Roch to Red brook, up this to
Catshaw, thence to Scholefull lache, to
Grimsley, up to Black lache, as far as
Naden, descending by Naden up to the
boundary between Chadwick and Bamford, along this boundary as far as the
Roch, and so back to the starting-point;
Whalley Coucher, iii, 796.
||The Chadwicks were probably a
branch or continuation of one of the
Spotland families, for, as already stated,
about 1190 Adam de Spotland gave an
acre in Chadwick to Rochdale Church;
ibid, iii, 727. Robert son of Adam de
Chadwick gave to Stanlaw Abbey some
land in Chadwick; ibid, iii, 776. Henry
son of Martin de Spotland gave to Stanlaw the land his father had bought from
Robert de Chadwick within the bounds of
Sedewalhelin nabbe; ibid, iii, 752. Andrew son of Henry de Chadwick made
various grants to the monks, including a
release of 4d. rent, dated 1308; ibid, iii,
785–7. Some of these grants mention
Ireford in Chadwick, and Robert son of
Andrew de Chadwick about 1250 gave the
monks two assarts in Ireford heys; ibid,
iii, 789. Andrew son of Henry de Chadwick may be the same as Andrew son of
Henry de Spotland, who appears between
1277 and 1308 as releasing various small
rents due from the monks ; ibid, iii, 788,
797; and see ii, 605. Chadwick ford is
In 1369 William son of John de Chadwick and Agnes his wife purchased
various messuages and lands in Spotland
from Geoffrey de Lightollers and Cecily
his wife, Adam de Clegg and Agneg
his wife, and Adam del Brook and Margaret his wife; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 175. William and
Henry de Chadwick were living in 1381;
Fishwick, Rochdale, 34.
Robert son of Nicholas de Chadwick in
1445 granted his lands to Henry son of
his brother John ; Fishwick, op. cit. 489
(quoting Sydhall title deeds). An estate in
Spotland and Hundersfield was in 1509
settled by Hugh Chadwick the elder, John
his son, and Hugh son of John; but these
do not seem to have been of the Chadwick
Hall family; Final Cone, iii, 167.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 16.
About 1540 he held lands of the late
abbey of Whalley by a rent of 1s.; Whalley
Coucher, iv, 1225.
||An abstract of his will is printed in
Wills (Chet. Soc.) (new ser.), i, 206.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), ii, 275. John Chadwick of
Chadwick Hall held 106 acres in 1626;
Surv. ut sup. 161.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 73.
||See Fishwick, op. cit. 487–90, where
there is a pedigree.
||Corry, Lancs, ii, 552.
Char. Rep. of 1828, xix, 216. The
gift included Coptrod, Bagslate, Bentwood,
and other lands in Spotland.
||Illustrations of the north and south
fronts in 1799 are given in Corry, Lancs.
||Alexander de Ellenrod granted a
moiety of Oakenrod to the monks of
Stanlaw, and Alexander de Oakenrod, son
of Robert de Spotland, gave them all his
land in Twofoldhee; Whalley Coucher, iii,
In 1273 Robert son of Alexander de
Oakenrod gave to Adam, son of Richard
son of John de Hulton (see the account
of Buckley), the rents due from Adam de
Bamford and another for pieces of land
in Chadwick; Agecroft D. no. 333.
William de Turnagh acquired land in
Spotland in 1299; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 188. He gave Adam
de Bradley lands in Oakenrod and the
Greave, to be held of the chief lords, John
de Eland and Henry de Lacy, by the accustomed services, viz. a rent of 2d. to
each ; Fishwick, op. cit. 491, quoting the
Survey of 1626.
In the re:gn of Elizabeth the Radcliffes
of Ordsall held a messuage, fulling-mill,
&c., in Spotland and Oakenrod, of the
queen in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xiif, no. 33; xv, no. 45.
Afterwards it passed into the possession
of the Gartsides, who held it for about a
century; it is now owned by the Royds
family; Fishwick, op. cit. 493–6, where
there is a pedigree.
James Gartside died 25 February
1625–6 holding a messuage and lands in
Spotland of Robert Holt, and leaving a
widow Isabel and three young daughters—
Susanna, Alice, and Anne—as heirs. He
left his lands to his brother Henry, who
was to give the daughters marriage portions; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), 465. Henry Gartside held 75
acres in 1626; Surv. ut sup. 160. He
died 29 January 1636–7, holding Oakenrod below Rochdale of Robert Holt, and
leaving a son James, a year old. James
was the younger son, Gabriel the elder
having, it appears, died soon after his
father, who names him in his will. There
were also three daughters. Samuel,
brother of Henry, was next heir male;
Towneley MS. C, 8, 13, p. 466. See Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 115.
Gabriel Gartside, who resided in Butterworth, was guardian to the heir of his
cousin Henry Gartside of Oakenrod, and
at the beginning of the Civil War was on
that account required to send a soldier to
the muster held by Lord Strange; but,
according to his own story, he had tried to
withdraw the man from the king's side,
and had supplied men and money for the
Parliament. Unfortunately he was afterwards 'encompassed by the enemy, surprised, and brought into Lathom,' but
escaping made his way to the Parliamentary
quarters. His property was sequestered,
and though he took the National Covenant he had to pay a fine of £28; Royalist
Composition Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), iii, 2–4. A pedigree was recorded in 1664–5.
||John son of Robert de Spotland
granted to William the Serjeant, at 1d.
rent, land in Broadhalgh, as much as
pertained to 1 oxgang; the bounds are
thus described: from Elysclough, where
it met the Roch, up as far as the hedge,
thence by ditches to Dogwall, by Dogwallclough to the Roch, and so to the startingpoint; Whalley Coucher, iii, 757. The
1d. rent was afterwards released; ibid,
For the more recent history see Fishwick, op. cit. 503.
In 1626 Robert Holt held 113 acres in
Chadwick; Surv. ut sup. 160.
||There is an illustration of Oakenrod
Hall in 1830 in Fishwick, Rochdale, 492,
from a sketch by George Shaw in Raines
MSS. i, 56.
||Surv. ut sup. 168.
||Lands in Wolstenholme and Butterworth, apparently the Chetham inheritance, were settled in 1278; Final Conc. i,
154. Geoffrey de Chadderton in 1311 held
an oxgang of land in Wolstenholme by the
service of 12d. a year, and Roger de Pilkington also held an oxgang in 'Pilkington' by the same service; De Lacy Inq.
(Chet. Soc), 20. John de Radcliffe of
Chadderton was plaintiff in 1367 respecting Spotland, and defendant in 1370; De
Banco R. 426, m. 35, 86 d.; 440, m.
244. In the next year Thomas son of
Thomas de Bamford claimed a messuage
and land in Spotland against John de Radcliffe; ibid. R. 441, m. 57. Later the
Standishes and Ashtons of Chadderton
held land in Rochdale of the king; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii, no. 4, 21, 23.
In a deed of partition in 1534 part of the
land is called Nadenland in Spotland,
Thomas Holt and Ralph Naden being
tenants; Robert Holt paid 6d. for the
attachment of a mill in Wolstenholme,
and there were other messuages and lands
in Spotland and Hundersfield; Raines D.
in the Chetham Library.
Sir John de Pilkington (perhaps by
inheritance from Chetham) held Greenbooths in Spotland in 1424, and granted
it to Geoffrey son of John de Holt;
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), i, 197.
||Among the witnesses to Adam de
Spotland's charter, c. 1190, already cited,
were Martin de Wolstenholme, Robert
his brother, Andrew de Wolstenholme,
and Henry his brother; Whalley Coucher,
iii, 728. John de Wolstenholme occurs
in 1309; ibid, iii, 784. John also appears in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 33.
Thomas son of Thomas de Wolstenholme did not prosecute a claim for land
in Spotland against John de Buersill and
others in 1329 ; Assize R. 427, m. 3 d.
At Pentecost 1352 Robert son of
Robert de 'Hayward' claimed a messuage
and lands in Spotland against Robert son
of John de Wolstenholme; Duchy of
Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 8 d.
In 1626 an 'ancient grant' by Sir
Henry Savile to Thomas son of Thurstan
Wolstenholme was produced, of land
called Wolstenholme; a rent of 2s. was
due ; Surv. ut sup. 193.
John Wolstenholme who died in
1555–6 held a messuage called Wolstenholme, with lands, water-mill, &c., of
Sir Henry Savile in socage, by a rent of
2s.; he also held lands called Bradshaw
of the king and queen by a rent of 2d.
John his son and heir was nineteen years
of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 39.
Bradshaw is mentioned in a Whitworth
charter in the Whalley Coucher, iii, 675.
John Wolstenholme and Jane his wife
in 1582 sold ten messuages, &c, in Wolstenholme to Thomas and Lawrence
Hardman; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
44, m. 146. Thomas Hardman in 1626
held only 47 acres; Surv. 194. Some further notes aboat the Wolstenholme family
are given in Fishwick, op. cit. 526–8.
||Ibid, 528, where a sketch of the house
in 1830, by George Shaw, is given.
||The Bamford family were very early
holders of land in the neighbourhood.
Robert de Spotland released to the monks
of Stanlaw his right in Stonlegh, with the
homage and service (19d.) of Thomas de
Bamford; Whalley Coucher, iii, 776.
Thomas and Adam his brother occur
from 1277 to 1310; ibid, iii, 788–95.
Robert son of Thomas de Bamford was
defendant to a Spotland claim in 1311;
De Banco R. 189, m. 9 d.
Adam de Bamford in 1324–31 gave all
his lands in Chadwick to Sir Richard de
Byron; Byron Chartul. no. 16/203,
Richard de Bamford was in 1323 defendant in a Spotland plea; De Banco R.
247, m. 3 d. He was again in 1330 defendant to a claim for a messuage in Spotland made by Adam the Clerk of Bury and
Agnes his wife; ibid. R. 281, m. 221 d.
Avice daughter of Thomas de Bamford
in Lent 1352 claimed two messuages, 30
acres of land, &c, against Roger (a minor)
son of Beatrice, daughter of John Stikewind, and others; the plaintiff was one of
the heirs of Thomas son of Richard de
Bamford, but it was alleged that Thomas
had alienated the tenement in dispute;
Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 1, m. 4.
James Scholefield in 1544 purchased a
messuage and land in Spotland from
Arthur Bamford; Pa), of Lane. Feet of F.
bdle. 12, m. 250. In 1557 Adam Bamford had lands, &c., in Wolstenholme and
Spotland; ibid. bdle. 17, m. 177.
John Bamford, of Bamford and Withington, died in 1559, holding a messuage, &c, in Spotland of Robert Holt and
Robert Savile in socage by a rent ot
2s. 8d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi,
no. 61. A little later the tenure is described as the hundredth part of a knight's
fee; ibid, xi, no. 38. In 1619 the
tenure of the messuage, &c., in Spotiand
was described as of Sir John Byron the
younger and John Holt in socage by
2s. 8d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 179.
Samuel son of William Bamford in
1626 held 322 acres, which had been the
Wolstenholme family's estates, as he produced their charter; Surv. ut sup. 192.
In a plea of 1326 a charter was adduced by which Adam de Bury gave land
in Wolstenholme to Thomas de Strangeways and Agnes his wife; Abbrev. Plac.
(Rec. Com.), 355. As late as 1581 a
Thomas Strangeways had land, &o, in
Spotiand and Rochdale; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 43, m. 152.
||Surv. ut sup. 196; Theophilus Holt
had 149 acres.
||Ibid. 196; Richard son and heir of
Robert Holt of Ashworth held 142 acres.
The lands of Robert Holt in Wolstenholme, Spotiand, Marcroft Gate, and
Cheesden, had been held of the Ashtons
of Middleton as part of the Bamford
estate; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), iii, 441.
Other Ashtons held lands in Spotiand.
Thus James Ashton and Anne his wife in
1545 made a settlement of six messuages,
&c, in Wolstenholme, Spotiand, and
Hundersfield; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F.
bdle. 12, m. 184. Arthur Ashton (seethe
account of Clegg) in 1547 purchased ten
messuages, &c, in Hundersfield and Spotland from James Gartside, and the same
(or another ten) from Roger Gartside in
1558; ibid. bdle. 13, m. 233; 19, m. 92.
In 1566 he purchased land from Richard
Linney and Katherine his wife; ibid,
bdle. 28, m. 269. (Richard Linney had in
1564 purchased lands, &c., in Spotiand
and Hundersfield from Lawrence Buckley
and Margaret his wife; ibid. bdle. 26, m.
74.) Richard Ashton and Elizabeth his
wife sold some land in Spotiand in 1562;
ibid. bdle. 24, m. 51.
John Chadwick of Yelandrod had two
messuages and lands in Wolstenholme in
1588 ; ibid. bdle. 50, no. 26. For Yealand see Fishwick, op. cit. 81.
||Surv. ut sup. 206.
||A moiety of Falinge was included in
the grant of Whitworth made to Stanlaw
by John de Eland; Whalley Coucher, iii,
Orm de Falinge gave ¼ oxgang in Halwerdewerd to his son Robert; a rent of
13½d. was to be paid to Stanlaw; ibid, i,
Andrew and Randle sons of Orm de
Falinge granted to the monks of Stanlaw
the rents they had received from certain
lands; and Adam son of Geoffrey de
Falinge gave the homage and service of
William son of William the Serjeant and
Adam son of Henry del Field; ibid, iii,
Adam son of Henry del Field (called
'de Spotiand ' in the title) surrendered to
the monks the house and land he had held
of them; and Robert son of Adam son of
Henry confirmed it; ibid, iii, 774–5.
The latter may be the Robert son of Adam
de Falinge who released to the abbey all
claim to his hereditary lands in the hamlet; ibid, iii, 794. In 1330 Randle son
of Gilbert de Falinge gave to the monks
of Whalley all his lands, &c, in the
'Falenges'in the vill of Spotiand; ibid,
It came into the hands of the Holts of
Gristlehurst with the rest of Spotiand, as is
shown by the inquisition of 1562 already
cited. Theophilus Holt in 1626 held
154 acres; Surv. ut sup. 152.
||Fishwick, Rochdale, 509–12, where a
pedigree of the Royds family maybe seen.
||Surv. 153. There is quoted in the
same place the grant of land in Falinge
made by Lawrence Buckley of Whitfield
in 1564 (see fine already cited) to Richard
Linney, great-grandfather of Edmund
Linney, living in 1626.
Whalley Coucher, iii, 680; ii, 623;
see also iii, 637.
||Anketil son of Andrew the Chaplain
of Rochdale gave to his brother Clement
an oxgaag of land in Healey with an assart
there, at a rent of 12d. and four horse irons;
ibid, iii, 781. It was probably the same
oxgang which about 1200–20 Robert the
son of Anketil de Healey gave to Stanlaw
Abbey at a rent of 16d.; ibid. Clement
son of Andrew the Priest held another oxgang of Hugh son of Jordan de Mitton at
a rent of 6d.; ibid, iii, 782. Clement
sold both oxgangs to the abbey ; ibid, iii,
Dolfin de Healey had two sons, Adam
and Henry, who had lands in Castleton;
ibid, ii, 596–7. In a note Canon Raines,
quoting the Healey deeds, says that Henry
had a son John who died about 1272 holding house and land at Healey; Andrew
the son of John was in possession in 1310,
and by his wife Avice daughter of Henry
de Marland had a son Thomas, whose oniy
child Avice, wife of Adam son of Nicholas
de Ogden, in 1338 released to her son
Alexander all her lands in the vill of Spotland; Alice de Ogden, a descendant and
co-heir of Alexander, married John Chadwick of Healey before 1445.
Peter de Healey granted the monks the
land called Healeyhalghes, the bounds
going from Shore to Heaves in Balshaw,
to the brook, to Falinge Syke, Spot Brook
(Spodden), Arnolds Rode, Elis Rode, and
Light Hazels ; ibid, iii, 777. William the
son of Peter and others made supplementary grants ; ibid, iii, 668, 778–80.
John son of Elote de Healey in 1292 had
to defend his title to a messuage and a half
oxgang in Spotiand against Adam of the
Bergh, grandson and heir of Robert the
Clerk of Anglezarke; Assize R. 408, m. 3.
Robert de Anglezarke, clerk, held 1½ oxgangs in Healey by grant of Adam son of
William de Healey, who held of the Abbot
of Stanlaw; and Richard son of Robert
afterwards surrendered it to the abbot;
Whalley Coucher, ii, 615–17. Adam of
the Bergh appears as plaintiff in 1300;
De Banco R. 134, m. 135 d.
John son of Richard de Tonwallcliff in
1355 secured damages in a claim against
the Abbot of Whalley and Alexander
de Healey; it appeared that Richard
held a messuage and land of the abbot
in socage, but Alexander de Healey,
pretending that the tenure was knight's
service, took possession, John being
a minor; Duchy of Lane. Assize R.
4, m. 8. John de Tonwallcliff was
again plaintiff in 1374, William son of
Geoffrey de Healey being defendant; De
Banco R. 456, m. 10. Tonwallcliff is
several times named in the Whalley
Coucher, e.g. iii, 658, 660.
Ellen widow of Adam de Hopwood
claimed dower in Spotiand in 1370 against
William son of Geoffrey de Healey; De
Banco R. 440, m. 118 d.
About 1540 the abbey tenants included
William and James Healey and Richard
Lord; Whalley Coucher, iv, 1232, 1225.
In 1594 John Healey and Susan his
wife held a messuage and lands in Spotiand;
Pal. of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 56, m. 62.
In 1626 John son of Thomas Healey held
113 acres in Healey, paying a quit rent of
2s. to Theophilus Holt; while Thomas
Healey of Lower Healey (son of Thomas)
held 30 acres; Surv. ut sup., 209, 210.
Theophilus Holt (as representing Whalley
Abbey) had 106 acres in his own hands;
||See preceding note. In 1626 Jordan
Chadwick, holding 86 acres, produced a
charter from Richard de Healey to John
his brother, granting land in Healey at a
rent of 12d.; a half oxgang held by Henry
son of William was excepted; ibid. 208.
See also Fishwick, Rochdale, 482–5. Abstracts of a number of the Chadwick of
Healey evidences are printed in Corry,
Lancs. ii, 645, &c.
||Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 42;
the services due were not known.
||Ibid, xxvii, no. 36. The tenures are
not stated. A curious pedigree appears in
the printed Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc),
110. Another pedigree was recorded in
1664; see Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 74.
The family, retaining Healey Hall,
afterwards settled at Ridware in Staffordshire. Charles Chadwick, who died in
1829, was an antiquary.
||Surv. ut sup. 215.
||There is an elevation of Old Healey
Hall in Corry's Lancs, ii, 553.
||Corry, Lancs, ii, 637, where a description of the new building is given.
||Fishwick, Rochdale, 485. On the
house is a long Latin inscription adapted
from Horace, and a stone cut in 1800
bears on it 'John de Heley, 1250,' and
||The history of the Liversedge moiety
is told in the Inq. a.q.d. of 1322; Whalley
Coucher, iii, 706–8.
||Ibid. iii. 637. The grantor reserved
his right to hunt. By a second charter
he granted the waste, and then gave Hallsteads and Swineshead; ibid. 639–43.
A large number of charters concerning
Whitworth are given in the Coucher, iii,
637–726. For the tenants about 1540
see ibid, iv, 1226–8, Whitworth, Tong
End, and Rockliffe. The commons were
Bagden, Prickshaw, and Trough.
||Ibid, iii, 719, 729, 726.
||Ibid, iii, 720.
||Ibid, iii, 695.
||Ibid, iii, 703, 711, 712.
||Ibid, iii, 704, 721.
At the inquisition it was shown that
the Abbot of Stanlaw had held 2 oxgangs
of land of Robert de Whitworth by a rent of
8s. 2d., Germain, Robert's brother, 1 oxgang, by 3s. 6d.; Geoffrey de Whitworth,
¼ oxgang, by 1s. 2d.; and Michael de
Shaw, 2 acres, by 2d. rent; ibid, iii, 707.
Thus ¾ oxgang was left to Robert de
Whitworth himself. The rents payable
to Andrew son of Robert in 1321 were—
Abbot of Whalley, 8s. 2d.; Robert son of
Henry son of Gemme, 3s. 6d.; Thomas
son of Robert del Stock, 1s. 2d.; and John
son of Michael de Shaw, 2d.; ibid, iii, 703.
In 1331 Robert son of Henry de Whitworth had a rent of 10d. from Geoffrey
(son) of Adam de Buckley, 8d. from John
son of Richard son of Swain, and a peppercorn from Henry del Stock; ibid, iii, 723.
John de Buckley in 1339 released to
Whalley all his right in the thirtieth part
of Whitworth; ibid, iii, 725.
||Surv. ut sup. 217. Other holders
were Richard Milne, 61 acres; Jordan
Chadwick (Healey), 74 acres; and Robert
Holt, copyhold land called Ugshott, 187
acres. Ugshott land is named in a grant
by Swain de Whitworth to the monks of
Stanlaw; Whalley Coucher, iii, 654.
||Ibid, iii, 686, 664; it is called
Faghside. James Marland claimed Facit
in 1566; Richard Milne and Francis
Holt were the other holders; see Fishwick, Rochdale, 85.
||Hugh de Whitworth gave to Swain
his son ½ oxgang in Tong, which was the
fourth part of his lands there; Wballey
Coucher, iii, 653. For the Scholfields of
Tong End, see Fishwick, Rochdale, 522–3.
In 1575 Francis Holt purchased from
Alexander Scholfield and Emma his wife,
eight messuages, lands, &c, in Whitworth
and Spotland; Pal. of Lane. Feet of F.
bdle. 37, m. 121.
||Surv. ut sup. 233.
Wballey Coucher, i, 153. The bounds
of this pasture in the forest began at Gorsiches lache, went to Cowpe Head and by
Cowpe to the Irwell, up the river to Fulebachope (Bacup) to Saltergate, Hamstalsclough, Denesgreve, and across the moss
to Cumbe hope at Gorsiche Lache. The
monks could place one hundred cows there
with their produce up to two years old.
For the tenants in 1540, see ibid, iv, 1228.
||Surv. ut sup. 235.
||Alice and Aldusa in 1246 successfully
claimed land in Chadwick as heirs of their
father William de Raidwath; Assize R.
404, m. 8 d. Liulph de Reddewoth was a
benefactor of Stanlaw; Wballey Coucber,
Alice widow of Robert son of Thomas
de la Lee in Lent 1352 claimed a messuage
and land in Spotland against John son of
Maud, daughter of Cecily the Marshal's
daughter; Duchy of Lane. Assize R. 1,
m. 4 d. The dispute was long-continued.
The defendant called on William Emson
de Ainsworth, Almarica his wife, Robert
de Bromley, Margery his wife, John son of
Roger de Clegg, and Alice his wife, to
warrant him, the wives named being sisters
and heirs of Robert de la Lee; ibid. R. 6,
m. 3. See also Assize R. 441, m. 4, 4d.
James de Greenhalgh in 1422 acquired
an estate in Spotland; Final Conc, iii, 81.
In 1576 Thomas Greenhalgh died holding
a messuage and lands there of Francis
Holt by a peppercorn rent; Duchy of
Lane. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 10. From a preceding note it will be seen that such a rent
was, in 1331, paid by Henry del Stock for
land in Whitworth.
Robert Holt of Carburton, Notts., was
in 1529, in possession of messuages, mill,
&c, in Spotland and Hundersfield; Geoffrey, his son and heir, sold all or most of
the estate to Thomas Holt in 1539; Pal.
of Lane. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 129, 27.
Francis Holt in 1575 had to make good
his title to lands in Dean Bank, and Greenbooths in Spotland, against the daughters
and co-heirs of Geoffrey; Fishwick, op.
cit. 377, quoting Duchy Plead. Eliz. lxii,
Henry Holt of Fieldhouse, in 1523, contributed to the subsidy for his lands; Fishwick, Rochdale, 37. He died in 1526.
holding five messuages, &c, in Spotland and
Hundersfield, of Robert Holt by knight's
service and a rent of 3s. 8d. Grace, his
daughter and heir, was two years of age;
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 10.
Sir Edmund Trafford in the time of
Henry VIII held two messuages, &c, in
Rochdale of Robert Holt of Stubley;
Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 20.
They were in Spotland and were sold to
Francis Holt in 1564; Pal. of Lane. Feet
of F. bdle. 26, m. 136.
William Strangeways and Eleanor his
wife in 1564. sold four messuages, &c, in
Spotland and Rochdale, to Robert Holt;
ibid. bdle. 26, m. 242.
Richard Chadwick died in 1621 holding
messuages and lands in Spotland and Hundersfield, also a messuage in Manchester,
and leaving a son and heir Robert, twenty
years of age. The lands were chiefly held
of Sir John Byron, but a small part in
Spotland was held of John Holt of Stubley;
Lancs. Inq. p.m.(Rec.Soc.Lancs. and Ches.),
ii, 273. This family was of Spotland Gate;
see Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. ii, 195 n.
Ottiwell Greave in 1569 purchased a
messuage in Spotland from John son and
heir of Thomas Belfield; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 177. Edmund
Greave in 1608 died seised of messuages
and lands in Spotland held of Theophilus
Ashton of Clegg by a rent of 4d. Ottiwell
his son was forty-one years of age; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches), i,
126. This estate is called Fernhill; Fishwick, op. cit. 504.
One of the Linney family is believed to
have lived at the 'Great House' in Rochdale, close to which ran the brook called
Lothburn; Fishwick, op. cit. 523–5.
Richard Linney died in 1619 holding lands
in Hundersfield and Spotland of the king,
as of the dissolved Hospital of St. John,
by two rents of 6d. each; also cottages
in Rochdale and an acre in Coptrod, this
last being held of the king by knight's
service; Edmund, his son and heir, was
nine years old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc),
ii, 113; iii, 368. Edmund Linney died
25 Oct. 1636, holding much the same
lands, and leaving a widow Ellen, and a
son and heir Richard, only three years old;
Towneley MS. C, 8,13 (Chet. Lib.), p. 748.
The Smallshaw is named in the Wballey
Coucber, iii, 761. It was owned by the
Crossleys in the 17th century; Fishwick,
op. cit. 508. James Crossleydied in 1623
holding two messuages and lands in Spotland of Robert Holt of Stubley by the 200th
part of a knight's fee; James, his son and
heir, was four years old; Towneley MS.
C, 8, 13, p. 241–2.
||The foundation deed (1532) is printed
in Fishwick, Rochdale, 164–7. It states
that Robert Holt of Stubley and the freeholders gave 50 'fall' of land, and that a
number of the people built it; the priest's
wages were to be collected by the chapel
reeves, who, like the priest, were to be appointed by four trustees. The king (probably as lord of Rochdale) might prohibit
service there if he judged it advisable, on
account of the poverty of the place. It
was confiscated with other chapels in 1548
and bought back from the Crown by the
people; Raines, Chant. (Chet. Soc), ii,
277. In 1626 the chapel and chapel yard
occupied 25 perches; Surv. ut sup. 232.
Ch. Gds. (Chet. Soc), 49. John
Yate was the priest; he was still there in
1563 and 1565 (Visitation Lists), being,
however, 'decrepit.' His will was proved
in 1574; ibid. 52. During the latter part
of Elizabeth's reign the chapel seems to
have been served by a licensed 'reader,'
the vicar of Rochdale or his curate perhaps
officiating from time to time; see Fishwick, op. cit. 171. About 1610 it is mentioned as a chapel of ease supported by the
inhabitants; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App.
iv, 12. The curates had probably other
charges; see the list in Fishwick, op. cit.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lanes, and Ches.), 20. James Stevenson
was minister in 1641 and till his death in
1649 i he was succeeded by George Stott,
who did not approve of the Presbyterian
government, and left; see W. A. Shaw,
Bury Classis (Chet. Soc), 256, 257. John
Bullock, a husbandman of Bolton, appears
in 1657–8; ibid. 221.
||a A brief ordering collections for the
rebuilding was granted in 1772.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 167.
Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc), ii, 154. Of
this income £5 was the interest on £100
given by James Wolfenden of Hades in
Wardle on condition that the curate should
be M.A. or B.A.
||Ibid, ii, 157. For the Starky family
see the account of Tonge in Prestwich.
On the death of James Starky in 1846 the
patronage became vested in his kinsmen,
Joseph Langton and the Rev. William
Hornby. In 1889 the patron was L.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 169.
||This list is derived mainly from the
work just quoted pp. 172–6, where full
accounts of the curates, &c, will be found.
The benefice has ranked as a vicarage since
1866, when the Rochdale Vicarage Act
||This curate was appointed by the
vicar of Rochdale, but the 'four men'
vindicated their right; see the case stated
in Notitia Cestr. ii, 154–6 n. He was
afterwards rector of North Meols.
||The church papers at Chester Dioc.
Reg. begin with this curate.
||Also vicar of Clapham, Yorkshire.
||Also vicar of St. Michael's on Wyre.
||Afterwards fellow of Manchester.
||Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 157; End. Char.
Rep. (1904), 16.
Land. Gaz. 10 June 1862.
||Ibid. 6 Feb. 1866.
||For district, see Lond. Gaz. 5 Nov.
||Nonconformity existed in the 17th
century; the chapel at Hallfold, erected in
1720, was replaced by the present building
in 1850. The fluctuating history of the
congregation is told in Nightingale, Lancs.
Nonconf. iii, 269–79.
||Mass was said on Sundays for some
years before 1860, and a wooden chapel
was built in 1862; Kelly, Engl. Cath.