||Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc), ii, 141.
||a Information of Lt.-Col. H. Fishwick.
||Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 142. The ancient
custom was not originally 'disorderly.'
||Fishwick, Rochdale, 534.
Lond. Gaz. 4 Feb. 1870. The district was extended in 1879 by 42 & 43
Viet. cap. 86.
||For the Eland-Tyas-Byron descent, see
Yorks.Arch. Journ. vii, 131, 132.
||A large number of Butterworth deeds
are contained in the Byron Chartulary
('Black Book of Clayton'). From these
it appears that Sir Baldwin gave to Robert
de Hoyland, who had married Joan his
daughter, all his land in Butterworth,
Clegg, Gartside, Ogden, the two Hollinworths, &c, with the mill and demesne,
also the homages and services, except that
of John de Lacy; no. 71/152. There
are some other grants by Sir Baldwin, e.g.
to Henry the Smith, 6 acres bounded
partly by the Beal and Ogden Brook; ibid,
no. 29/73; and 2 acres of meadow in
the south side of Buckley Carr to Robert
de Butterworth, at a rent of 8d.; ibid.
Robert de Hoyland granted to Thomas
son of Adam de Birghou an oxgang which
John de Haworth had held of Sir Baldwin
le Tyas and Margery his wife at a rent of
2s.; ibid. no. 70/151. Joan de Hoyland in
her widowhood gave to William de Rushworth parcels called Moterode, Crookedrode, and Horsefalinge, at a rent of 3d.;
ibid. no. 72/153.
John de Byron and Joan his wife were
plaintiffs in 1278, claiming lands against
Philip, Abbot of Roche; Assize R. 1238,
m. 51; R. 1259, rn. 39. This was probably a dispute as to the boundary between
Butterworth and Saddleworth.
Hugh de Eland in 1292 released to Sir
John de Byron and Joan his wife and the
heirs of Sir John, all his right in lands &c,
in the vill of Butterworth, excepting the
lordship of the vill, 22s. yearly rent, and the
homage and service of Richard son of
Gilbert de Butterworth for 2 oxgangs of
land; Byron Chartul. no. 8/154.
John de Eland (as son of Hugh son of
John son of Hugh) claimed the manor of
Butterworth in 1335 against Richard de
Byron; De Banco R. 301, m. 152 d.
In 1321 Agnes, widow of John de Byron and then wife of John de Strickland,
claimed dower in a messuage, oxgang of land,
water-mill, &c; De Banco R. 240, m. 192.
A mill then existed on the Beal. Henry
son of Richard de Butterworth and Richard
his brother, released to Sir Baldwin le Tyas
all their right in the mill opposite the house
of Andrew Brun; for which Sir Baldwin
gave them a hawk; Byron Chartul. no.
82/219. The same Henry afterwards
released to Joan de Hoyland and her
heirs all his right in the mill and pool;
ibid. no. 83/220.
The De Lacy Compotus of 1296 (Chet.
Soc. 6) shows that John de Byron had
formerly held lands rendering 42s. 9½d.,
and that he still held some directly of the
Earl of Lincoln by a rent of 2s. In the Inquest of 1311 (Chet. Soc. 20) the latter tenement is described as 6 acres in Butterworth.
||The Byron Chartulary shows a number
of acquisitions from the smaller holders;
some of them are recorded in these notes.
Butterworth was included in a Byron
settlement in 1432–41; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), iii, 98, 104, 106.
||A number of the deeds will be found in
Raines MSS. (Chet. Lib.), vi, fol. 1–93.
||Duchy of Lane. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 48;
the clear annual value was 40 marks. A
century earlier the Byrons' estate in Butterworth was stated to be held of the Duke
of Lancaster by knight's service; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 65.
The heir of Francis Pulteney in 1545–7
claimed lands in Royton, Ogden, Haugh,
and Butterworth, against Sir John Byron;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 105. Sir
John Byron in 1558 recovered the manor
from Michael Pulteney; Pal. of Lane.
Feet of F. bdle. 20, m. 7.
||See Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
375; De Banco R. 279, m. 180 d.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84.
||Licence for oratories at Clayton and
Butterworth was granted to Sir John Byron on 4 Feb. 1420–1; Lich. Epis. Reg.
ix, fol. 3b.
||'Butterworth Hall' has long been
the name of one of the hamlets, and the
actual site of the ancient hall appears to be
unknown, but Col. Fishwick judges that
the house owned by the Mayall family and
their successors had the best title to the
name; Rochdale, 339. Robert Mayall, who
died in 1622, held lands in Butterworth
and Buersill of William, Earl of Derby.
as of his manor of Woolton, a3 parcel of
the late Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem,
in socage by 2¼d. rent. James Mayall,
the son and heir, was over eleven years of
age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), iii, 370. For the later history
see Fishwick, loc. cit.
||The Byron Chartulary contains many
names of Butterworths; some have been
given in preceding notes, and in addition the
following may be cited: John son of
Andrew de Brune granted Richard son of
Robert de Butterworth half an oxgang of
land in Butterworth, purchased from Henry
his brother, at 6d. rent; ibid. no. 14/77.
Ellis son of Andrew de Brune gave Sir
John de Byron and Joan his wife half an
oxgang; ibid, no 54/224. Maud, daughter
of Robert son of Alexander de Butterworth,
granted an oxgang and a half of her father's
land to Robert son of Thomas the Clerk,
at a rent of 18d.; ibid. no. 34/80. Geoffrey son of Award de Butterworth granted
to his lord, Sir John de Byron, and Joan
his wife, an oxgang held of Sir John, together with all the lands and rents held of
him in the vill; ibid. no. 41/85. Richard
son of Roger de Butterworth gave the service of Henry son of Robert de Butterworth for an oxgang of land in Butterworth
to Sir John de Byron; ibid. no. 70/181.
Geoffrey, son of Thomas Bon of Henry
de Butterworth, about 1260–70, granted to
Sir John de Byron and Joan his wife and
their heirs all his inheritance in Butterworth, as well as the lands he had held of
Sir John, withhomages, escheats, wards and
reliefs, liberties, &c, at a rent of a gingerroot yearly; ibid. no. 55/225. This
charter was alleged by the tenants of Butterworth at the survey of 1626; Raines
MSS. (Chet. Lib.), xxi, 54.
From Hugh de Eland's charter quoted
above, it appears that Richard son of Gilbert de Butterworth held of him 2 oxgangs.
This Richard granted to Sir John de Byron all his land between Bradley Brook
and the ditch of Geoffrey dc Turnagh,
and the Hulls and the field of Ralph del
Rode, with a house on the Hulls and all
the bylandings on that side; Byron Chartul. no. 40/82.
In 3 Edw. (? II) Richard son of Gilbert de Butterworth granted all his lands
to his son William, with remainders tc
younger sons, Thomas and Adam; Towneley MS. GG. no. 681. The tenants'
names and services are given; one of them
was Richard's son Henry, who held Belgrene by a rent of 6d.; see also Final Conc.
(Rec. Soc. Lanes, and Ches.), ii, 5.
The name Belgrene occurs later in the
account of Milnrow Chapel. By an early
deed John son of Hugh de Eland gave to
Reynold son of Henry Brown an oxgang
called Belgrene, at the ancient rent of 2s.;
and afterwards gave him 2 oxgangs which
his uncle William had held; Towneley
MS. GG, no. 639, 662.
||It was formerly the residence of the
Milne family; see Fishwick, op. cit. 379.
James Milne died in 1623 holding a
messuage and lands in Butterworth of the
heir of Geoffrey son of Thomas de Butterworth, rendering a root of ginger yearly;
he also held land in Buersill of the Earl
of Derby as of his manor of Woolton.
James, his son and heir, was thirty-six
years of age; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), p. 858.
||It lies on the east of Milnrow, and is
supposed to have given a surname to the
Holt family, long the principal residents in
the parish. The above-cited deeds about
Belgrene may refer to it.
Richard Butterworth of the Holt (dead
in 1521) was a son of Edward, the benefactor of Milnrow Chapel; Towneley MS.
GG, no 645. Robert Butterworth (son
of Richard) of the Holt in 1530, agreed
that his son Thomas should marry Jane
daughter of James Shepard, of Chesham;
ibid. no. 717.
A Robert Butterworth in 1545 held a
close called Gyll Cross in Butterworth in
right of his wife Elizabeth; Pal. of Lane.
Writs of Assize, bdle. 22 (Aug. 37 Hen.
Thomas Butterworth of the Holt in
1550 gave to Lawrence Hopwood land
called Inghram, in exchange; Towneley
MS. GG, no. 719. Thomas died in 1559,
having made a settlement of the Holt;
ibid. no. 696, 718.
The inquisition shows that Thomas son
of Robert Butterworth, held ten messuages,
&c, in Butterworth, Milnrow, Moorhouse,
Wardle, and Spotland; his heir being his
sister Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Simon,
and forty years of age. The premises in
Butterworth and Milnrow were held of
the heirs of Hugh de Eland by a rentof 2s.;
those in Moorhouse of the heir of Henry
de Clayton by a rent of 17d.; the rest, of
the heir of Thomas Buckley, a rent of 14d.
being paid for Wardle; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xi, no. 56.
Thomas Simon, of Highton in Essex,
and Elizabeth his wife became bound to
Ewan Butterworth of Chesham in 1559;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 582; and Adam
(? Ewan) Butterworth of Chesham became
bound to Cuthbert Scholefield to secure
the latter's title to Holt; ibid. no.
591. Ewan and Cuthbert were dividing
the estate; ibid. no. 724. Jane Butterworth, the widow of Thomas, afterwards married Nicholas Grimshaw, and
retained possession of the Holt until 1594,
though many disputes had arisen with
Cuthbert Scholefield; ibid. no. 733, and
Fishwick, op. cit. 377, &c.
||Gartside appears to have been originally in Crompton and to have become attached to Rochdale by its grant to Stanlaw
Abbey by Gilbert de Barton. It lay on
the west of Aspiwall syke, and its bounds
had been agreed upon by Baldwin le Tyas
and the said Gilbert; free approach was
allowed between the ditch of Crompton
and land held of the Hospitallers by
William, then vicar of Rochdale. Adam
de Windhill was tenant for a time; Whalley Coucber (Chet. Soc), i, 163–5.
The place gave a surname to one or
more families, who no doubt sprang from
the occupying tenants; thus about 1540
James Gartside was the monks' bailiff for
their Rochdale estate; ibid, iv, 1232.
There are various scattered notices of the
Gartsides; thus William de Milnhouses
released to William son of Edusa de Gartside the rent of 2d. and four barbed arrows
due to him at Martinmas; ibid, ii, 618.
John de Byron granted to Richard son of
Robert de Gartside land in Butterworth;
Byron Chartul. no. 77/180.
The Hospitallers had an estate in Gartside. Alexander son of Robert de Spotland gave to Andrew son of William del
Okencliff all his lands, &c, in Gartside on
the north of the Outlane, held of the Hospital of Jerusalem; a rent of 12d. was
payable and at death ½ mark in lieu of
the third part of the tenant's goods; ibid,
no. 80/210. Eugenia daughter of Robert
de Belfield, and Lugeria widow of Geoffrey
de Gartside, gave land and dower right in
Gartside to William de Cliff, and in 1284
Thomas le Wyld released to William son
of Richard del Cliff—probably the same
William—6d. rent due from lands in Gartside, formerly Andrew de Gartside's; ibid.
no. 81/211, 86/236, 3/78. To the lastquoted charter Richard and Henry de Gartside were witnesses. Eugenia seems also
to be described as widow of Richard son of
Edusa de Gartside; ibid. no. 75/212.
Adam son of William de Gartside in
1351 released to Robert son of William de
Crompton his right to lands inherited from
his father, together with an eighth part of
the estate of Buersill Moor acquired from
John de Balderstone. John Faghell, who
occupied a messuage, &c, gave up his
tenement; ibid. no. 26/101, 25/100.
The Whalley portion was sold by
Henry VIII to John Braddyll of Whalley
(Pat. 37 Hen. VIII, pt. 4), who conveyed
Gartside Hey, alleged to be parcel of the
same, to Roger Gartside, on which some
hot disputes arose; see Fishwick, Rochdale,
381, quoting Duchy of Lane. Plead. 38
Hen. VIII, xiv, G, 9; 1 Edw. VI, i, G,
1. Jamesson of Hugh Gartside in 1545
sold Gartside Hall to Sir John Byron;
ibid.; Pal. of Lane. Feet, of F. bdle. 12,
m. 208, 344. This was probably the
Hospitallers' portion; it is not named separately in the rental preserved by Kuerden.
This estate of 101 acres was in 1626 held
by eight freeholders; Survey in Raines
MSS. xxi, 51. The hall afterwards
became the property of William Greaves,
who rebuilt it in 1697; later of the Townleys of Belfield, and then of Mr. E. A. N.
Royds; see Fishwick, op. cit. 382.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84. 'Robert
Butterworth, for Belfield, 6 d.' This is not
named in the Inq. p.m.
||Alexander de Belfield in 1288 sold
land in Ogden to Sir John de Byron and
Joan his wife; Byron Chartul. no. 7/48.
Adam de Belfield was a witness in 1344;
ibid.no. 15/187. Henry de Belfield occurs
frequently in the Scholefield D. about
1300, together with his brothers Nicholas
and Adam. Some other scattered notices
will be found in Fishwick, op. cit. 339–
In 1310 Henry de Butterworth obtained
from Alexander de Belfield two messuages
and lands in Butterworth; Final Conc, ii, 3.
Ralph de Belfield in 1415 alleged that
Sir John de Ashton and others had disseised him of messuages, lands, and rents
in Butterworth; Coram Rege R. East.
3 Hen. V, m. 73. This may, however,
refer to the Belfields of Clegg.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 14.
The tenures were various. Part of the
estate of Butterworth was held of Sir John
Byron in socage by a rent of 2s. 3½d.; another part of Cuthbert Scholefield, by a rent
of 14d.; another of the heirs of Ralph Belfield, by a rent of 12d.; another of Thomas
Belfield, by a rent of 2s.; others of Sir
Henry Savile and Robert Holt of Stubley,
by a rent of 7d.; another of the said
Robert Holt, by a rent of 14d. A messuage, &c., in Castleton was held of Arthur
Ashton and Bertin Scholefield by a rent of
3d. Six messuages, a water-mill, &c., in
Hundersfield were held of Sir Henry Savile
by a rent of 21d., and of Robert Holt by a
rent of 6d. A messuage in Oldham was
held jointly of Sir John Byron, Thomas Belfield, and Cuthbert Scholefield. Deceased
had made a settlement in 1547, providing
for his wife Joan. The heir was Edward
Butterworth, forty-four years of age.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 2,
14. Edward's will is recited as well as a
recovery of 1568; to Jane his wife and
daughter of Richard Holt he left Belfield
Hall, but a third part only if she married
again. Several changes appear in the
tenures: The Little Quicks in Butterworth was held of the queen as of her
manor of Rochdale in socage by 2d. rent;
other land in Butterworth of Elizabeth
Belfield, William Ashton, and Anne his
wife, in right of Elizabeth and Anne, daughters and heirs of Ralph Belfield, by a rent
of 12d.; the rent payable to Thomas Belfield is given as 6d. only; Robert Savile
and Charles Holt of Stubley have taken the
place of the lords in 1557; Charles Holt
instead of Sir John Byron had the rent of
2s. 3½d. for the Kaleyards (Callyardes);
Henry Scholefield is named instead of Bertin; and Robert Barton held the messuage,
&c., in Oldham. The lands in Hundersfield were those known as the Starring and
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), iii, 378. There are several fresh
variations in the tenures. A pedigree was
recorded in 1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc), 12.
||Survey in Raines, xxi, 34; he held
'by grant of his great-uncle Robert Butterworth.'
||Baines, Lancs, (ed. 1868), i, 227.
||He took part in the defence of Lathom House at its second siege in 1645.
His only property was a nag, besides wearing apparel worth £20; Royalist Composition Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
||See the pedigree recorded in 1665;
Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 65, when
Alexander, the heir, was twenty-four years
of age. He was sheriff in 1675; P.R.O.
||The later part of the story is taken
from Fishwick's Rochdale, 344–7, where a
pedigree of the Butterworths will be
||P.R.O. List, 74.
||a Now in possession of Lt.-Col. Fishwick, The Heights, Rochdale.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84. The place
may have taken its name from the Wyld
family, one or two of whom have been
named in preceding notes.
Thomas le Wild of Butterworth gave
all his title in the vill to Thomas his son;
this included an oxgang granted by John
de Byron, and land held of Henry de Lacy
by a rent of 2s. 6d.; Towneley MS. GG,
By an inquisition made in 1496 it was
found that Henry Butterworth had died
seised of four messuages, 60 acres of land,
&c., in Butterworth and Hundersfield, held
of the king as of his duchy by a rent of
15d., and of the clear value of 26s. 8d.
Ralph, his son and heir, was five years
old; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 9, 10.
From a deed of 1308–9 quoted in the
survey of 1626, when Ralph Butterworth
was tenant, it appears that a rent of 15d.
was then paid to Henry de Lacy. In the
survey the 15d, was stated to be paid to
the king, while another rent of 15d. was
paid to the Saviles for the Hospitallers,
though in a deed of 1609 relating to the
mansion-house and lands a rent of 18d. is
said to be due to St. John's Hospital;
Raines MSS. xxi, 41.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 372.
||Ibid., 368–70. Robert Butterworth
of Birchinley died in 1609 holding messuages and lands in Hundersneld, Butterworth, and Oldham; those in Hundersfield being held of the king as of the dissolved priory of St. John of Jerusalem by
a rent of 12d.; and those in Butterworth
of Sir John Byron by the 200th part of a
knight's fee and 20d. rent. The heirs were
his sisters and their sons; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 142–4.
||Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84.
||Survey in Raines MSS. xxi, 43.
For Low House, with 55 acres, the St.
John's rent was 18d., as in the rental;
for Crow Nest, with 92 acres, 6d. was
due to the Saviles, 12d. to Robert Holt,
and 12d. to St. John's. John Butterworth
died 13 March 1626–7, holding Low
House, &c., as of the suppressed Hospital;
the heir was his grandson John (son of
Ralph son of John), aged twenty-seven
and more; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13 (Chet.
||For the later history see Fishwick,
||Thomas de Chetham, who died in
1383, held it; Towneley MS. DD, no.
1463. In 1470 James Chetham leased it
to Elinor Wardle for twenty years, at the
rent of 27s., with boons of four days'
'shearing' in harvest and four hens at
Yule; Clowes D. no. 5. James Chetham
about 1540 paid a rent of 18d. for the
estate; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84. This
service is not usually stated in the Chetham
inquisitions, though Flash House is mentioned. The 1626 survey describes the
estate as 99 acres; Raines MSS. xxi, 43.
In 1659 the trustees of Thomas Chetham of Nuthurst sold it to Edward Chetham to raise money for the portions of
Thomas's daughters; Clowes D. no. 12.
It seems afterwards to have come into the
hands of the Holts of Lower Place in
Castleton; Fishwick, op. cit. 324. The
family also held lands in Castleton; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii,
||The Byron Chartulary has several
deeds relating to the family; see also the
account of Scholefield. Thus Geoffrey
de Turnagh granted the whole of Turnagh,
which his father Richard had held, to
Richard de Turnagh at a rent of 3s. 2d.;
Byron Chartul. no. 78/205. Henry de
Turnagh granted Over Turnagh to Henry
son of Ellen, with common of pasture in
Spotland, at 12d. rent; ibid. no. 79/206.
Nicholas son of Richard de Turnagh
afterwards granted all Turnagh, which he
had inherited from his father, to Sir John
de Byron and Joan his wife; ibid,
no. 49/207. See also Raines MSS. xi,
247, &c William son of Geoffrey de
Turnagh received a moiety of the Leys in
Hollinworth from William de Rudhurst
in 1298; Towneley MS. GG, no. 700.
John son of Alan de Hollinworth in
1278–80 claimed an oxgang of land in
Butterworth against William son of Adam
de Turnagh; De Banco R. 24, m. 65;
36, m. 125 d.
John de Hindley in 1296 claimed an
oxgang in Butterworth against John son
of Adam de 'Turney' and Alice his wife;
De Banco R. 113, m. 20d.; 125, m. 157.
||Survey, ut sup. 41, 43. John was the
son of Charles Butterworth, who died in
1622 holding the capital messuage called
Turnagh in Butterworth and the Crook
in Hundersfield of Sir John Byron, the
former by a rent of 4s. 3d., and the latter
by one of 3d.; also lands in Bedford and
Pennington; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 338. See Fishwick, Rochdale, 355–7.
||Scholefield Hall is now regarded as
in the hamlet of Low House; but from
the charters quoted below it appears to
have been originally within Hollinworth
||InTowneley MS. GG, no. 558–739.
||GG, no. 604–5.
||GG, no. 602.
||GG, no. 607; the grantors were
William de Sale and Cecily his wife, who
occur again in Hollinworth. Cecily
widow of William de Sale in 1294 granted
all her lands in 'Witach' to John and
Adam sons of Adam de Turnagh; GG,
||William son of Geoffrey de Turnagh
in 1301 gave John de le Scholefield part
of his land in Butterworth called the
Leys, to be held of the nearer chief lord
of the fee; ibid. GG, no. 663. Two
years later John obtained land called the
'Brerylees' in Hollinworth from the son
of Andrew de Rudhurst; GG, no. 664.
In 1306 Matthew de Clegg granted to
John de Scholefield the homage of Alexander de Belfield, viz. a rent of 12d.; and
that of Richard de Hundersfield, viz. 1d.,
GG, no. 629.
||John son of John de Scholefield was
a witness in 1321; Whalley Coucher, ii,
634. In 1 Edw. (? III) William son of
Henry de Ogden gave to John son of
John de Scholefield land in Hollinworth
of which the bounds touched or included
Whitacre Syke, Birchinbrook, and Brierleys; Towneley MS. GG, no. 612.
William son of John de Scholefield received land in Hollinworth called Simonrode from Richard son of Andrew de
Hollinworth in 1313; ibid. no. 621; see
also no. 647 (1321).
William de Lightollers in 1325 released
to Adam son of John de Scholefield all
his claim to land in Hundersfield then
occupied by Adam; GG, no. 630. Adam
de Scholefield in 1340 released to his
brother John all his land in Clegg for
life; ibid. no. 727.
William de Lightollers, apparently in
1320–1 (14 Edw.—), gave to Richard,
son of John de Scholefield a rent of 6d.
payable by Richard de Ogden from a
tenement in Blatchinworth; ibid. no.
625; John de Scholefield, clerk, was a
witness. Ellen de Belfield in 1334
claimed lands in Butterworth against
Richard son of John de Scholefield; De
Banco R. 298, m. 53; while in the same
year Nicholas son of Ellen de Belfield
released all his title to lands in Clegg to
Richard son of John de Scholefield;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 589. Richard
son of Roger de Butterworth in 7 Edw.
(? 1314) granted to Richard de Scholefield,
clerk, the service of 12d. due to him from
lands in Scholefield; ibid. no. 627.
||Ibid. no. 559, 686; the date is
1387–8, and the grant was of the Upper
and Nether 'Efield.' In 1368 John de
Scholefield the elder had given the Upper
'Heyfield' to his brother Richard for life,
with remainder to John's son Adam;
ibid. no. 713, 613. From this it seems
probable that it is the same John de
Scholefield who appears in a number of
deeds in the time of Edward III. e.g.
ibid. no. 684 (1332), 626 (1347), 586
||In 1382 Henry de Scholefield released
to John de Scholefield and his heirs all
his claim to lands, &c., in Butterworth,
Whitacres, Brierleys, and Middlehurst;
ibid. no. 634. Henry de Scholefield
in 1405 received lands in Spotland and
Hundersfield which had belonged to
Nicholas Coke of Milnhouse and Alice
his wife; John son of Henry was a witness; ibid. no. 643. A charter by Henry
is dated at Whitacres, 1421, while a
feoffment of lands in Butterworth and
Hundersfield was made by his son John
in 1424; ibid. no. 633, 632.
||In 1436 there was a change of the
feoffees of the lands of Hugh de Scholefield; ibid. no. 714.
An undated petition shows that Hugh
de Scholefield was son of John, brother of
Henry de Scholefield, who, in or before
1393, was a trustee of Thomas de Chadderton; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i,
56. It would appear therefore that the
John son of Henry had died without
issue, or that there were two Henrys.
Hugh son of Hugh Scholefield came
to a violent end in 1451; ibid, ii, 58. He
may have been the elder brother of James,
||James son of Hugh de Scholefield,
and Margaret his wife, appear from about
1450 onwards. In 1453 James received
from the feoffees lands in Hundersfield and
Spotland which had formerly belonged to
William son of John son of Richard de
Scholefield; Towneley MS. GG, no. 564;
see also Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 29, m. 2 d.
(John son of Richard was living in 1410;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 618.) Nicholas
and Denis, sons of the said William, released their claim a month later; ibid.
no. 578, 579.
In 1455–6 Thomas Pilkington and
Alexander Radcliffe as arbitrators gave
their decision in disputes which had been
stirred between the brothers Hugh,
Nicholas, Ralph, Henry, and John Scholefield, and James son of Hugh, on the one
side; and Alexander, son of Alexander
Butterworth of Belfield, and his brothers
on the other side; Alexander Butterworth was ordered to pay £20 to Hugh
Scholefield; ibid. no. 584.
James son of Hugh, and Margaret his
wife, in 1456–7 received from the trustee
(Richard del Forth, rector of Radcliffe)
lands called Turnagh Efields and Ley
Boughtanrode,with remainders to Nicholas,
Ralph, Henry, and John Scholefield, and
the right heirs of Hugh; ibid. no. 599.
From a claim to lands at Lincoln in
1588 it appears that John Scholefield just
named had a son John, whose son William
left the land claimed; the heir was Cuthbert Scholefield, son of James son of
Hugh son of the above-named James
Scholefield; ibid. no. 782.
||An outline of the pedigree is given
in the preceding note. Hugh son and
heir of James Scholefield and his feoffees
in 1511 granted to Gilbert and Henry
sons of Richard Whitley a messuage and
lands known as Overhey and Marterlaw
in Scholefield, rendering 8s. 10d. to the
chief lords; ibid. no. 562. In 1514,
after an arbitration, Hugh Scholefield was
ordered to pay a rent of 2s. 3d. to Robert
Holt, in respect of lands in Spotland; ibid,
no. 688. James Scholefield, son of Hugh,
was plaintiff in 1537 respecting Whitacre;
Fishwick, Rochdale, 359.
||Ibid. 359; he sought a divorce from
his wife, and afterwards lived with one
Jane Langley, by whom he had issue.
Cuthbert, son and heir of James Scholefield, procured a crest to be added to his
ancient coat of arms, which was confirmed, by William Flower, Norroy, in
1583; Towneley MS. GG, no. 558. He
purchased the Holt; ibid. no. 591, 724,
733. At one time he was required to
make a public apology to Arthur Ashton
and Roger Chadwick; ibid. no. 707.
In 1565 he settled his estates, with remainders successively to his brothers,
Alexander, James, and Richard; to Alexander, bastard son of Arthur Scholefield,
and Arthur his son; deed recited in Inq.
p.m. of Gerard Scholefield; see also Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 30 (1568), m.
The will of Arthur Scholefield, 1557,
is printed in Piccope's Wills (Chet. Soc),
||In the Survey of 1626 he is called
grand-nephew of Cuthbert. The estate
then included 367 acres; a chief rent of
3s. 4d., due to the Saviles, had not been
paid for many years; Raines MSS. xxi, 35.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii,
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 256.
For the later descents and tabular pedigree
see Fishwick, op. cit. 361–4.
||In 1261 Alice widow of Geoffrey de
Buerdsill sought dower in Clegg against
various tenants, whose names and holdings were as follows: Richard son of Ivo,
Alexander de Blackstub, Richard de
Turnagh, and John de Newbold, each 1 oxgang; William son of Warine, Richard le
Reus, Andrew son of Ellen, Richard Byron,
and Agnes the widow, each ¼ oxgang;
Curia Regis R. 171, m. 46 d.
||Hugh de Clegg, early in the 13th century, gave to Ivo his brother (see the last
note) part of Whitacres, within bounds
beginning at 'Sallomo' Bridge on the
east, at the cold waters, descending to the
brook between Middlehurst and Rudhurst,
and to the Brook of Hollinworth, and the
balk (liranticulum) between Blatchinworth
and Whitacres, and up to 'Solamio' syke;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 702. Henry son
of Ralph or Randle de Clegg gave to
his son John land in Butterworth in
1310–11; the bounds began at Butterworth ford over the Roch; ibid. no. 598.
Henry granted all his messuages and lands
in Clegg to his brother Thomas in 1316–
17; ibid. no. 566. To another of Henry's
charters Roger and Adam de Clegg were
witnesses; no. 635. Geoffrey de Clegg
attested a deed in 1334; ibid. no. 589.
Eugenia widow of Richard Byron in
1284 claimed 7 acres in Butterworth
against Ralph and Matthew de Clegg; it
was shown that Matthew held of Ralph,
who had had a grant from Alice sister of
Eugenia; Assize R. 1268, m. 12d.
||Matthew de Clegg in 1310–11
granted all his lands to Adam de
Belfield, and Thomas the son of Adam
in 1348 granted land to his brother Adam
de Belfield; Fishwick, Rochdale, 350–1,
quoting High Legh deeds. Adam son of
Geoffrey de Clegg and Alice his wife in
1373 claimed dower in three messuages,
&c., in Butterworth against Adam de Belfield; De Banco R. 452, m. 373 d.;
454, m. 337 d.; 456, m. 234d. Short
abstracts of the Belfield deeds are printed
in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 41, 50.
A claim by Alexander Belfield against
Elizabeth and Anne Belfield in 1561 exhibited the following pedigree:—Christopher Belfield—s. Ralph—s. Ralph—s.
Adam—sons Arthur (heir), Charles, and
Alexander (apparently the claimant);
Arthur had sons Ralph (heir) and Charles;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 210, m. 16. Ralph
son of Christopher was living in 1445;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 7, m. 15; 12,
m. 82; Ralph senior and Ralph his son
in 1482; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton.
22 Edw. IV. The Inq. p.m. of Adam
Belfield has been preserved; it shows
that he died in 1543 holding messuages,
&c., in Butterworth of Sir John Byron
by a rent of 6s. 8d., and in Spotland of
Robert Holt by a rent of 6s.; Arthur, his
son and heir, was over thirty-six years of
age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 34.
||Ralph Belfield of Clegg died in August
1557, leaving two daughters, Elizabeth
and Anne, to share the inheritance; his
will is printed in Piccope's Wills (Chet.
Soc), iii, 83–6.
The two sisters, after child marriages
and divorces, married brothers—Edward
and William, sons of Arthur Ashton.
Richard Legh and Anne his wife,
Alexander Barlow and Elizabeth his wife
in 1563 obtained the manor of Clegg, &c.,
from Alexander Belfield; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 35. In 1572
Alexander, son and heir of Alexander
Barlow and Elizabeth his wife, had a
moiety of the manors of Clegg and Dutton; ibid. bdle. 34, m. 98. Arthur Ashton in 1552 purchased a messuage and
land in Butterworth from Richard Butterworth and Joan his wife; ibid. bdle. 26,
m. 245. His will is in Pal. Note Bk.
Edward and Elizabeth Ashton had no
issue, so that the whole came to Anne
and William Ashton, whose son Theophilus succeeded. A settlement by William
Ashton, Anne his wife, and Elizabeth Belfield her sister, was made in 1576; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 38, m. 40.
Theophilus sold it in 1618 to his sister
Elizabeth and her husband Edmund
Howarth, and by descent and purchase
it came to the Fentons; see Fishwick,
op. cit. 352, 353. Susan, another sister,
married John Hyde, and they had a third
of the manor in 1599; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 61, m. 143. In 1626
Elizabeth Howarth and Robert her son
held Clegg Hall with 179 acres of land,
by grant of the trustees of Theophilus
Ashton of Clegg; while Grace, widow of
Alexander Butterworth, as co-heir of Anne,
late wife of William Ashton of Clegg,
held 81 acres. In all a rent of 6s. 3d.
was paid to the Saviles (or their representatives); Surv. in Raines MSS. xxi, 60.
||a There is a local proverb, 'As ill as
Clegg Hall boggart,' referring to a tradition that the man in possession at one
time destroyed the rightful heirs by
drowning them in the moat, the house
being afterwards haunted; Fishwick.
||Thomas the Barber of Coventry
and Joan his wife, daughter of Edmund
son of Jordan, and heir of Alice daughter
of William Pearson of Cleggswood, his
mother, in 1401 granted lands in Falinge
to William the Cook of Rochdale; Towneley MS. GG, no. 569.
||See Fishwick, op. cit. 348–50.
Thomas Belfield died in 1532, holding messuages, manors, and lands in Butterworth,
Hundersfield, Spotland, and Castleton of
Robert Holt by knight's service and a
rent of 5s. 7d.; the annual value was 20
marks. Thomas, the son and heir, was
fourteen years of age; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vi, no. 26. From the account
of Belfield it will be seen that that estate
was in 1557 held partly of Thomas Belfield by a rent of 2s. Thomas was succeeded by his son John, who in 1601
made a settlement of his lands in Butterworth, Hundersfield, and Spotland, in
conjunction with his wife Margaret; the
capital messuage or manor of Cleggswood
was assigned for life to Deborah, wife of
Abraham Belfield, son and heir of John;
the lands in Butterworth, &c., were held
of John Holt by a rent of 5s. 7½d., but
some in Hundersfield were held of the
king; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs,
and Ches.), ii, 22–4. Abraham died in
1614, and was succeeded by his son John,
fourteen years of age, who died in 1632,
leaving, by Elizabeth his wife, a son and
heir Thomas, seven years old. The three
widows—Margaret, Deborah, and Elizabeth—were living when the inquisition
was made. The estate was held of John
Holt; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii,
no. 3. Thomas succeeded, but his sister
Anne ultimately inherited.
||Fishwick, loc. cit.
||Ibid. 389. Oliver son of John
Holt of Hundersfield, was charged with
having maltreated Alice wife of John
Clegg in 1445. He replied that he had
submitted to an arbitration as to the matter, and should not be troubled further;
John Clegg had been ordered to pay him
40s. The said John, however, averred
that he had consented to an arbitration
only on condition that Henry Marland,
vicar of Rochdale, and certain others were
among the arbitrators, and that had not
been the case; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 10,
One James Clegg—not, it would seem,
of this family—died in 1621 holding
lands (formerly the Hospitallers') of the
Earl of Derby by a rent of 2¼d. James
his son and heir was twenty-eight years
old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), iii,
||Some Whitacre, or Whitacres, deeds
have been noticed in the account of Scholefield. John de Scholefield in 3 Edw.
(? II) gave to John his son all his land
at Whitacre, with remainder to Adam,
another son; Towneley MS. RR, no.
382. One of the grants by Henry de
Scholefield in 1421 was dated at Whitacres; Towneley MS. GG, no. 633.
The estate was in dispute in 1537, when
James Scholefield of Scholefield claimed
by entail against Hugh son of John Scholefield, who was in possession; Fishwick,
op. cit. 359, quoting Duchy Plead.
Hen. VIII, viii, S, 8; x, S, 9, 9a. Richard
Lightollers of Windybank, and Henry
Scholefield of Whitacre, had in 1557–8
the guardianship of Robert son and heir
of Lawrence Newall, whose mother Agnes
afterwards married Robert Butterworth;
and Henry afterwards (1564) became
sole guardian; Towneley MS. GG, no.
Arthur Scholefield in 1569 purchased 60
acres of moor from Sir John Byron; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 104. In
1575 Henry Scholefield the younger and
Jane his wife seem to have released to
Arthur Lord and Margaret his wife a
messuage and lands in Butterworth; ibid.
bdle. 37, m. 86. A settlement of six
messuages and various lands was made in
1584 by Henry Scholefield, Isabel his
wife, and Arthur his son; ibid. bdle. 46,
m. 174. A further arrangement was
made in 1596, Arthur's wife Margaret
being concerned; ibid. 59, m. 367. Henry
Scholefield died in 1607 holding land in
Hollinworth of John Holt by knight's
service and 10½d. rent, and in Butterworth of Sir John Byron by knight's service and 4s. rent. The heir was his
grandson Abraham (son of Arthur), thirty
years of age; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 133.
In 1626 Jacob Scholefield held Whitacres, with 138 acres, by grant of Abraham Scholefield, in 1615; Surv. in Raines
MSS. xxi, fol. 67. For the later descent,
after the estate had been much divided,
see Fishwick, op. cit. 366, 367.
Brierley, mentioned in preceding notes,
was part of Whitacre.
||The name is often spelt Hollingworth. In the Hospitallers' rental, c.
1540, it is said that Thomas Hill paid 6d.
for Hollinworth; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 84.
Thomas, son of Ellis Hill in 1477, was
bound to settle the lands he had by his
wife Alison upon his son Ellis; Towneley
MS. GG, no. 689. In 1514 Thomas
son of Ellis Hill received certain lands in
Swinestiker and Saltley in Butterworth
from the feoffees; GG, no. 610. Thomas
Hill (a minor) was in 1577–9 engaged in
various suits regarding lands in Hollinworth and Sladen; Ducatus Lanc, ii, 56,
In 1626 Thomas Hill, grandson of
Thomas Hill and Dorothy his wife, and
great-grandson of ArthurWhitehead (1588)
held Upper Hollinworth; Surv., ut
sup. 67. Part is now the endowment
of Hill's Charity for schools at Ogden and
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 155. The rent was payable
to William and Cecily and the heirs
of Cecily. From the following note
it will be seen that John de (West-)
houghton was also called John de Rylands.
In the Byron Chartulary is a grant
by Thomas de Bamford to Matthew de
Hollinworth of a fourth part of Whitacres and Middlehurst, with common of
pasture in the vill of Hollinworth at 6d.
rent; no. 60/130. It is possible that this
Matthew is the Matthew de Bromhale
who, in conjunction with Helen his wife,
acquired 2 oxgangs in Butterworth in
1235 from Reyner son of Henry; Final
Conc, i, 68. Cecily daughter of Matthew
de Hollinworth gave a moiety of Whitacres to Adam de Turnagh in exchange
for 13½ acres in Hollinworth; Byron
Chartul. no. 26/59. This Cecily was
the wife of William de Sale; as is shown
by pleas of 1293–6, when Cecily widow
of William de Sale claimed 6 acres of
pasture against John de Thornham, and
the same (also described as daughter of
Matthew de Hollinworth) claimed a
messuage and ½ oxgang against Henry de
Ogden; De Banco R. 101, m. 47 d.;
102, m. 6; 108, m. 4.
||William de Sale and Cecily his wife
granted all their land in Hollinworth to
Sir John de Byron and Joan his wife; and
about the same time John son of John
de Rylands and Cecily his wife made a
grant of the land they had had from
William and Cecily; Byron Chartul.
no. 35/58, 36/69. In 1298 Cecily widow
of William de Sale, calling herself Cecily
de Hollinworth, released to the Byrons the
2 oxgangs in Hollinworth formerly sold to
them; no. 21/67.
John de Sale in 1363 released to John
de Scholefield all his title to lands in
Butterworth; GG, no. 586. Some Sale
family deeds will be found in Raines
MSS. iv, 2–30.
||Andrew son of Henry son of Wen
and Christiana his wife granted to Sir John
de Byron all that land in Butterworth
called the 'Haly' (? Halgh) which they
held of him; Byron Chartul. no.
73/208. In 1262 John de Byron established his title to 60 acres in Butterworth
against Andrew de Butterworth and Christiana his wife; Final Conc, i, 135. Christiana
daughter of Andrew Cheverell released to
Sir John all her land in Butterworth,
viz. the 'Halet'; Byron Chartul. no. 74,
209. Henry son of Thomas de Butterworth granted to Sir John de Byron his
lord the land called Little Halgh, formerly
held by Andrew del Halgh; Byron Chartul.
||From the Monk Bretton Chartulary
(Lansdowne MS. 405) it appears that
Roger de Notton gave to Monk Bretton
all his lands in Ogden, viz. half the vill,
and that John son of Hugh de Holland
confirmed this; fol. 44b. Gilbert de
Notton also gave the monks his land in
Ogden, viz., half the vill—probably the
same half; he also gave William son of
Osbert de Marsden land there which had
formerly been held by Adam son of Award
Birun, at a rent of 4s.; fol. 53b. Richard
son of Hugh de Butterworth and Alice
his wife afterwards released to R. (? Reginald) the moiety of the vill of Ogden,
which Gilbert de Notton had given to
William Gald, father of Alice; fol. 44b.
Reginald de Ogden released his rights to
the monks, to whom also Baldwin Tyas,
for the health of Margaret his wife, released his right and the rent of 12d.
formerly paid by Reginald; fol. 45.
||Adam le Rus, Prior of Bretton, granted
to Adam le Sladen (Slaveden) at a rent of
3s. the oxgang in Ogden which Gilbert de
Notton had given to the priory; ibid. fol.
15b; Byron Chartul. no. 10/56.
In 1276 Adam de Sladen claimed a
messuage and an oxgang of land in Ogden
against Maud daughter of William Gaddon,
and William son of Richard de Cliff; De
Banco R. 15, m. 89. Adam gave the
oxgang, &c., to his son Swain; Byron
Chartul. no. 27/62. Swain granted to
Sir John de Byron a rent of 12d. a year
from the oxgang in Ogden in Butterworth
he had had from his father; and Wagner
son of Adam de Sladen released his right
to the oxgang in Ogden received from his
father, and to half of Quickley; ibid. no.
71/183,63/49. William, Prior of Monk
Bretton, in 1292 withdrew his claim
against John (de) Byron concerning a
messuage, oxgang of land, and 12d. rent
in Ogden, but John held jointly with his
wife, who was not named in the writ;
Assize R. 408, m. 60, 71. Adam de
Sladen is called 'Knyttepurs.'
The other moiety of Ogden seems to
have been obtained by the Byrons from
Germain de Ogden, who in 1296 granted
Sir John de Byron and Joan his wife twothirds of an oxgang there, with the
homage of Adam de Prestwich and the
service of 2d. due from him; ibid. no.
15/53. In the same chartulary are some
other Ogden deeds. By one Geoffrey de
Chetham granted to Adam son of Bibby
(William) and Cecily his wife land in
Ogden purchased by him; and Adam de
Ogden, with the consent of Cecily his
wife, gave half the land to Richard his son,
and another half to Adam his son; no.
28/63, 12/64, 11/61. Among the placenames there occur—Thornyhead, Coldgreave, Cutfordack brook, Marerede yott,
Lese clough, and Rosete clough.
In 1626 Abraham Turnough had in his
possession the above-cited deed by Adam
de Slaveden to Swain his son; Surv. ut
sup. 55. The Turnoughs were succeeded
by Taylors; Fishwick, op. cit. 384.
||–70 Fishwick, op. cit. 384–5; see also
Raines MSS. iii, 93.
||Roger Holt of Bridge Hall near Bury
in 1594 held 2 acres in Whitacre in Clegg;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 6.
James Buckley, of Whitfield in Crompton, by his will of 1627, left his farm at
Ogden to George his younger son; ibid.
xxvii, no. 51.
Thomas Warburton the elder, Ellen his
wife, and Thomas his son, made settlements of an estate in Butterworth in
1558; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16,
m. 35; 19, m. 23. Thomas Warburton, who
died in 1634 at Stubbins, held messuages in
Little Clegg, Hollinworth, and Butterworth; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx,
Ottiwell Greave died in April 1627,
holding messuages and lands in Butterworth of the heir of Geoffrey de Butterworth by the rent of a ginger-root; James
his son and heir, was thirty-six years of
age; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13, p. 460.
Ralph Taylor, who died in 1631, held
a messuage and land of the Earl of Derby
as of his manor of Much Woolton, lately
belonging to the dissolved Hospital of St.
John; Robert his son and heir was over
forty in 1635; ibid. 1182; see also Fishwick, op. cit. 338.
A number of fines are extant relating
to the holding of the Collinge family;
e.g. Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 78;
53, m. 29; 56, m. 92. In the 17th century a family of this name held a moiety
of Birchinley; Fishwick, Rochdale, 369–70.
||Robert Holt had 109 acres in Clegg
by grant of Gerard Scholefield to his
father, John Holt of Stubley. Jordan
Chadwick produced a charter of 1294 by
Richard son of Hugh de Belfield to
Henry his brother, as his title to 45 acres.
William Butterworth, 'the rich butcher,'
held 34 acres formerly the Hospitallers'
land; and Robert Taylor had 33 acres,
also the Hospitallers'.
||Surv. ut sup. 58.
||Land-tax returns at Preston.
||There is a good account in Fishwick's Rochdale, 202–15, from which the
details in the text are in the main taken.
In 1497 Edward Butterworth the elder
conveyed to his son Robert and others a
plot of land called Gooseholme, in Belgrene, close to which plot, or upon it, the
chapel was built; Fishwick, quoting the
original deed in the church chest. In
1514 a house 'near the chapel of St.
James the Apostle' was given to John
Clegg, the chaplain, for life that he might
say mass for the donor, Edward Butterworth, and his parents; ibid.
In 1521 Robert Butterworth of Clegg,
son and heir of Richard Butterworth of
the Holt and grandson of the said Edward,
gave Gooseholme and Halgh Green to
feoffees to fulfil his grandfather's will;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 645.
In some later proceedings it was alleged
that the chapel had been built on the
waste by the inhabitants generally; Fishwick, op. cit. 204, quoting Duchy Plead.
Eliz. xxii, B, 12, 12a.
||Buckley D. in Add. MS. 32107,
no. 408; but 13s. 4d. is the price in Raines,
Chantries (Chet. Soc), ii, 277; a chalice
was taken away by the commissioners;
ibid, ii, 269. In 1552 Henry Ferror was
the priest; there were only a chalice and
vestment in the chapel; Ch. Gds.
(Chet. Soc), 49. Henry Ferror occurs in
the lists of clergy from 1541 to 1565;
in the latter year he was 'decrepit.'
||The minister in Elizabeth's time was
paid chiefly by the contributions of the
people, but the Archbishop of Canterbury
as rector allowed him 40s. out of the
tithes; Fishwick, op. cit. 203–4.
About 1610 Milnrow Chapel was supported by the inhabitants; Hist.MSS.Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 12. In 1650 the Parliamentary Commissioners reported that Sir
John Byron, as farmer of the tithes, had
been accustomed to pay £4 10s. a year to
the minister; out of the sequestrated
tithes an additional £50 had been allowed;
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), 21; Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 38, 90; ii, 290.
It was recommended that a parish be
formed for it.
||Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc), ii, 139;
from the tithes £3 6s. 8d., from seats
£8 18s. 6d., and from the loft or gallery,
£1 8s. 4d. There were no surplice fees,
and the contributions were small. There
were two chapel wardens and an assistant,
chosen by the curate and vestry.
||Samuel Chetham (of Castleton) in
1717 gave £200; ibid, ii, 142.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 205–6; a view of
the building in 1772 is given; ibid. 202.
||Ibid. 206; the date is 1654.
||The church papers at Chester Dioc.
Reg. begin in 1693. The list is taken in
great part from Fishwick, op. cit., where
some earlier curates' names will be found;
they do not appear to have stayed more
than a year or two in most cases. John
Pollett, who was there from 1647 to 1657,
was in 1650 described as 'godly, orthodox,
and well qualified,' but appears to have
been a Royalist in sympathies; see W. A.
Shaw, Bury Classis (Chet. Soc), 250;
Commonw. Ch. Surv. 21. James Hulme
was curate in 1671; Visitation list.
||He was born at Whitby in 1805 and
apprenticed to a surgeon, but afterwards
went to St. Bees College and was ordained
in 1828. He died at Scarborough 17 Oct.
1878. He was one of the founders of
the Chetham Society, and contributed to
it some of its most important publications, as the editions of Gastrell's Notitia,
the Lancs. Chantries and Stanley Papers;
he was elected F.S.A. in 1843, and received
the degree of M.A. from the Archbishop
of Canterbury in 1845, Hon. Canon of
Manchester in 1849. He was also zealous
as a parochial clergyman. He bequeathed
his manuscript collections, forty-four
volumes and miscellaneous deeds, to the
Chetham Library. There is a monument
to him at Milnrow; see Dict. Nat. Biog.;
Fishwick, Rochdale, 214; and Sir H. H.
Howorth's Introd. to Vicars of Rochdale.
||Vicar of Trumpington, 1885.
End. Char. Rep. 1904, p. 10.
||He was son of John Collier, curate
of Eccles, and was baptized at Flixton;
he was in youth apprenticed to a weaver,
but afterwards became usher at Milnrow,
succeeding to the mastership. He died at
Milnrow on 14 July 1786, and was buried
at Rochdale; see Dict. Nat. Biog.; Fishwick, Lancs. Lib. 248, &c., and Rochdale,
Lond. Gaz. 4 Apr. and 5 May 1876,
for district and endowment.
||A chapel, erected for the Countess
of Huntingdon's Connexion,was purchased
in 1867; Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. iii,