Townships
Hundersfield

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Victoria County History

Publication

Author

William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors)

Year published

1911

Page

222

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'Townships: Hundersfield', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (1911), pp. 222. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53031 Date accessed: 23 September 2014.


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HUNDERSFIELD

Hunnordesfeld, 1202; Hunewrthefeld, 1235; Humfridesfeld, Hunneswurthefeld, Hunwurthfeld, 1246; Hunresfeld, Hunderesfeld, 1301; Hunrettesfeld, Hunrisfeld, 1306; Honersfeld, 1338; Honoresfeld, 1361.

Wirdehill, Wordehill, 1324.

Todmerdene, 1304.

This ancient township, divided from Spotland by the summit of the high land to the west, occupies the upper part of the Roch valley and also takes in the southerly side of the Calder valley above Todmorden; it has a total area of 16,077 acres. On the east it is bounded by Blackstone Edge and other hills dividing Lancashire from Yorkshire.

It was later divided into four townships;

WARDLEWORTH, a triangular township to the north of Rochdale, having an area of 766 acres. The surface slopes gradually from about 700 ft. on the northern border to less than 400 ft. on the southern.

WUERDLE and WARDLE, to the north of Wardleworth, situate in a broad valley between the higher lands on north, west, and east. It has an area of 3,523 acres, Wuerdle having 987, and Wardle 2,536.

BLATCHINWORTH and CALDERBROOK, to the east of the last-named township, has an area of 4,781 acres, of which Blatchinworth has 2,221. It occupies the Roch Valley, the hills rising to 1,200 ft. on the west, and 1,550 ft. on the east. It contains the ancient chapelry of Littleborough, a growing town situated in a rich valley.

TODMORDEN and WALSDEN occupies the northern slope of the hills, as the surface descends to the Calder. The scenery is fine. (fn. 1) It has an area of 7,007 acres, the respective hamlets having 2,954½ and 4,052½. Todmorden has long been a chapelry.

The principal road is that from Rochdale northeast and north through Littleborough and Todmorden, and thence north-west to Burnley. Over Blackstone Edge is an ancient road into Yorkshire. (fn. 2) By the side of the Todmorden road almost all the way are the Lancashire and Yorkshire Company's railway, and the Rochdale canal. The railway has a tunnel known as Summit tunnel, over a mile and a half long, under the highest part of the hills; there are stations at Smithy Bridge, Littleborough, Walsden, and Todmorden; also one at Portsmouth on the Burnley branch. The same company's line from Rochdale to Bacup crosses Wardleworth, and has a station so named. A large reservoir in Ramsden valley, Walsden, belongs to the Corporation of Rochdale.

At Wardle an agricultural show was established as early as 1839. (fn. 3)

There are remains of ancient iron works in Walsden. Mines and forges are known to have existed in 1235. (fn. 4)

Among the celebrities of the district are David Crossley, a Baptist minister, born near Todmorden in 1670 (d. 1744); and James Leach, a musical composer, who was born at Wardle in 1762, and died at Salford in 1798. (fn. 5)

The local board district of Wuerdle and Wardle was formed in 1874; (fn. 6) the board had five members. In 1894 the new township of Wardle was constituted; the urban council has nine members. At Littleborough, likewise, a local board of nine members, constituted in 1870, (fn. 7) has been, since 1894, an urban council of twelve members elected by four wards, the district being formed into an independent township. At Littleborough is a Carnegie free library.

Footnotes

1 The valley has been named the 'Happy Valley'; Manch. Guard. N. and Q. no. 463. At Inchfield a height of nearly 1,500 ft. is attained.
2 In 1291 a toll was allowed to Hugh de Eland and Richard de Radcliffe, who undertook to repair the causeway; Cal. Pat. 1281–92, p. 440. An Act for improving the road over Blackstone Edge was passed in 1735; 8 Geo. II, cap. 7.
3 Fishwick, Rochdale, 103.
4 See Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i, 69; Fishwick, op. cit. 112.
5 Notices of them are in Dict. Nat. Biog.
6 Lond. Gaz. 10 July 1874. The district was extended to include part of Butterworth in 1879 by 42 & 43 Vict. cap. 86. Part of the township was added to Rochdale in 1872; 35 & 36 Vict. cap. 49.
7 Lond. Gaz. 17 May 1870. As in the case of Wuerdle and Wardle, the district was extended in 1879.