||The Birches was the subject of a suit
in 1535 between Alexander Bradshaw and
Edmund Bradshaw, and others; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 149.
||Subs. R. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xxii, 148,
||See the account of Harwood.
||Harland, Mamecestre (Chet. Soc), iii,
480. In the 16th century the tenure was
||This family, in spite of its obscurity,
is supposed to have been the parent stock
of the more famous ones of Bradshagh of
Haigh near Wigan and Bradshagh of
Westleigh, as well as of others.
||Assize R. 404, m. 2.
||Kuerden, fol. vol.; Harl. MS. 2112,
fol. 107. Ughtred is here spelt Huard.
Ughtred de Bradshaw had a grant of common of pasture in Harwood from Alexander de Cuerdale; ibid. fol. 149b.
Brockholes was a part of the composite
fee in which was Bradshaw.
||Kuerden fol. MS. It appears from this
that Mabel was the daughter of Henry,
who must therefore have been the father
of Ughtred (Huthred).
Henry de Bradshaw had a charter from
Henry Maudgeston [Monewdon], lord of
Tottington till 1235, allowing him common
of pasture for all cattle fed in Bradshaw;
Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 149b This probably relates to the acre in Affetside, which
long descended with Bradshaw.
Several other members of the Bradshaw
family occur in deeds, &c., of the latter
part of the 13th century. In 1285 Beatrice widow of Ughtred de Bradshaw in a
claim for dower appeared against Henry
son of Robert de Bradshaw respecting a
messuage and lands in Bradshaw by Bury;
against Alan son of William de Bradshaw
respecting a messuage and 2 oxgangs of
land there; against Mary widow of William de Bradshaw respecting a messuage
and 1 oxgang of land; against Henry son
of Matthew de Conway respecting a messuage and land; against William son of
Henry del Thome respecting two messuages, 6 oxgangs of land, &c.; and
against Mary de Bradshaw respecting a
messuage, oxgang, &c.; De Banco R. 58,
m. 7 d. The 10 oxgangs here in evidence
cannot be oxgangs of assessment, as the
whole of Harwood contained only 1
Alan de Bradshaw is named again; De
Banco R. 345, m. 64 d.; he was probably the Alan de Harwood mentioned in
the account of that township. Amery
widow of Alan de Bradshaw in 1296
claimed dower in Harwood against Roger
de Radcliffe; ibid. 113, m. 120. Simon
de Bradshaw was a plaintiff in 1292;
Assize R. 408, m. 5. In the same year a
Richard de Bradshaw is mentioned; Plac.
de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 229, 230, 605.
In 1274 the sheriff was ordered to arrest
certain persons on a charge of complicity
in the death of John de Bradshaw; Coram
Rege R. 12, m. 69. John son of Simon
de Bradshaw was witness to a charter in
1335; Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 145/181.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 59; it is not clear who the
Henry de Bradshaw was by whose agency
the settlement was made.
Robert de Bradshaw appears as early as
1292 as plaintiff against Henry de Trafford respecting a tenement in Harwood;
Assize R. 408, m. 57. In 1306 Robert
de Bradshaw was one of the two free tenants of Harwood [i.e. for Bradshaw], and
Nicholas D'Ewias granted his homage and
service to his brothers Roger and William
D'Ewias; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 19, no. 37.
In 1311 he held of the Earl of Lincoln a
pasture in Tottington by homage and the
service of 12d. a year; Mamecestre, ii, 255.
||Henry de Bradshaw attested a charter
in 1341 and John Bradshaw in 1350;
Harl. MS. 2112, fol. 145b/181b, 152/188.
A few notes from charters are
printed in the Visit, of 1613 (Chet. Soc.),
58. From one of these it appears that
Robert de Bradshaw had a son Henry,
occurring in 1343, and another son
Richard, mentioned in 1393–4; a Thomas
son of John de Bradshaw was living in
1378–9. Further, Henry de Bradshaw
had a son Ellis, also living in 1378–9.
The succession therefore was probably, in.
spite of the long descents, Robert—s.
Ellis de Bradshaw appears several
times between 1385 and 1395; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 13, 61. He is probably the Ellis de Bradshaw who, with
Margaret his wife, recovered seisin of
lands in Coppull, &c., in 1403; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 3. John son of
Ellis de Bradshaw was in 1395 already
married to Eleanor, one of the daughters
and heirs of John de Arderne, then seven
years of age, to whom his father was one
of the guardians; Lancs. Inq. p.m. i, 60;
ii, 7–9. John de Bradshaw is from time
to time mentioned down to 1433; ibid.
ii, 37; Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. 1/9, m.
72. The land in Lower Darwen, afterwards in possession of the family, probably came from his marriage. After forty
years another Ellis appears as lord of
Bradshaw; Mamecestre iii, 480.
||In 1501 Alexander (son and heirapparent of John) Bradshaw of Bradshaw
agreed with Richard Holland of Denton
concerning the marriage of Alexander's,
son and heir John with Ellen daughter of
Richard Holland; Harl. MS. 2112, fol.
The Tottington court rolls (preserved at
Clitheroe Castle and the Record Office)
afford another clue, by means of the acre
in Affetside. In 1508 Andrew Bradshaw
had died, leaving a brother and heir John,
who received possession of the land. The
next in succession was Alexander Bradshaw, who died in 1514, and his son John
succeeded him. At this point the inquisitions and visitations begin.
||John Bradshaw had a letter from
Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland and
Warden of the Marches, desiring his
assistance against the Scots; Visit. of 1613,
p. 58. He died 19 Jan. 1542–3, holding
the manor of Bradshaw in Harwood, with
sixteen messuages, a fulling mill, a watermill, &c., together with messuages and
lands in Sharples, Bolton, Harwood, and
Rivington, the manor and lands in Bradshaw being held of Lord La Warre in
socage, by a rent of 9d. yearly and two
suits at his court of Manchester; the land
in Harwood was held of Edmund Trafford in socage by the rent of a barbed
arrow; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no.
33. The inquisition recites a feoffment
for the benefit of his wife Ellen, who survived him; also grants to his surviving
brothers Hugh and Robert, made in 1523
and 1532 respectively. John Bradshaw,
the son and heir, was over forty years of
age. He had special licence of entry;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 551. See
also Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 64.
John Bradshaw the younger died on 10
July 1548, leaving a son and heir only
fourteen years of age. His wife was Mary
daughter of Ralph Orrell; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 31. By his will
he gave all his lands, &c., in Bradshaw
and Rivington to Mary his wife for a term
of twelve years; they included the hall
with its appurtenances, various closes
named Mort's Hill, Beysingley, Chapel
Fields, Holmes after the Water (formerly
Holme Hurststead), Oldham, &c. Provision was made for his younger sons and
daughters—Ralph, Robert, Alexander,
Richard, Agnes, Ellen, Margaret, Anne,
and Elizabeth. To his son and heir John
he left 'all such heirlooms as are specified
in my father's last will,' his best gelding,
a great ark standing in the barn, and all
his harness. He desired to be buried within Bolton Church, near the accustomed
burial-place of his ancestors; Wills (Chet.
Soc. new ser.), i, 6–10. See also Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 15, 32.
The heir, the third John Bradshaw in
succession, had special licence of entry in
1556; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 551.
He died on 14 May 1574, leaving as heir
his son John, then twenty-two years of
age. The manors and lands were unchanged; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii,
no. 39. The day before his death he
made provision for his younger son
Nicholas and his daughters Anne, Elizabeth, Alice, and Mary; ibid. See also
Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. (ed. Earwaker), i, 168.
In 1587 disputes arose over the provision
made for the daughter Anne, who married
Thomas Holt of Hagley, Bucks.; Duchy
of Lanc. Plead, cxlii, H, 2; cxxv, H, 20.
John Bradshaw, who succeeded, made a
settlement of the manor and lands in
1580; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 42,
m. 140. He was living in 1613, when a
pedigree was recorded, which begins
wrongly. He died 31 Dec. 1626 holding
the manor of Bradshaw, with sixteen
messuages, a fulling mill, 300 acres of
land, 200 acres of meadow, 500 acres of
pasture, 50 acres of wood, 500 acres of
moor, &c., in Bradshaw, 1½ acres in Harwood, and a messuage in Bolton; John
his son and heir was over forty years of
age; Towneley MS. C, 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
fol. 78; Manch. Ct. Leet Rec. iii, 128.
John Bradshaw the heir was still living
in 1664, when a pedigree was recorded,
showing a son John and a grandson also
John, the last-named being eighteen years
of age; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 50.
This pedigree was signed by Hugh Bradshaw, a younger son of John the grandfather. John Bradshaw, a 'very ancient'
man, was buried 3 Feb. 1665–6; an incident at his funeral is narrated by Oliver
Heywood in his Diaries, iii, 94.
A settlement of the manor of Bradshaw, &c., was made by fine in 1642, the
deforciants being John Bradshaw and Anne
his wife, John Hartley and Alice his wife;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 141, no. 5.
A 'Shakespeare Bible' noticed in N.
and Q. (6th ser. xi, 57) contains some
particulars of the Bradshaw family,
William, younger son of John Bradshaw,
having been an owner of it.
||A zealous Protestant, writing in
1595 to some one in authority urging
the more rigorous prosecution of recusants,
suggested John Bradshaw of Bradshaw as
a proper person to be nominated a commissioner for the purpose; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 585. He was a justice
of the peace; ibid. 583. In 1620 he and
a number of others were presented 'for
not communicating at Easter last or not
receiving the same kneeling'; he appears
to have conformed by deputy; Scholes and
Pimblett, Bolton, 315. He was a member
of the Presbyterian classis in 1646. After
the Restoration Bradshaw Chapel, by the
connivance of the Bradshaw family, remained in the hands of the Nonconformists for some time.
||'John Bradshaw of Bradshaw, Esq.,
in his will dated 15 March 1693–4, recites his indentures of 15–16 May 1692,
whereby he empowered his trustees,
Henry Wrigley of Langley, Thomas Bradshaw of Haslingden, and John Jenkinson
of Failsworth, gents., by lease, mortgage,
or sale to raise legacies for his younger
children from his manor of Bradshaw,
Bradshaw Hall, and all his lands in Bradshaw, Harwood, and Tottington; and
these trusts fulfilled he devised the same
lands to his son John Bradshaw and his
heirs. This son shortly afterwards, having no issue by his wife, a daughter of
— Gregge of Chester, sold the estate
to Henry Bradshaw of Marple Hall';
Raines in Notitia Cestr. ii, 17.
John Bradshaw, the testator, was buried
30 March 1694; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 291. The sale of his estates
must have been determined upon already,
for by fine of 28 March 1694 Henry
Bradshaw secured from John Bradshaw,
Thomas Bradshaw, Henry Wrigley, and
John Jenkinson the manor of Bradshaw,
together with messuages, water grain
mill, lands and pasture rights in Bradshaw, Harwood, and Tottington; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 232, m. 70.
'After the sale of Bradshaw the family
was represented by the descendants of
Thomas Bradshaw, Esq. (great-uncle of
the vendor), and his wife Elizabeth,
daughter and heiress of Edward Rawstorne of Lum Hall, Esq., and whose
grandson, — Rawstorne, gent., by his wife
Dorothy, daughter of the Rev. Henry
Walmsley of New Malton in the county
of York, had a son Dr. Henry Bradshaw,
living in Salford in 1765, and who considered himself entitled to this estate of
his male ancestors'; Raines, op. cit. ii, 18.
||For an account of this family see
Earwaker, East Cheshire, ii, 61–76;
Ormerod, Cheshire (ed. Helsby), iii, 843.
||In 1312 Roger de Radcliffe received
from Adam del Birches a messuage, 30
acres of land, &c., in Harwood and Bradshaw, the remainders being to Robert
son of Roger and his heirs, and then to
Adam de Hulton and his heirs; Final
Conc, ii, 13. From later suits it appears
that this estate had in the time of Edward I been granted by Alan de Bradshaw to Roger de Radcliffe and his issue;
in default to remain to Richard brother
of Roger and his issue; by virtue of
which, as Roger died without issue, it
should have descended to Robert son and
heir of Richard de Radcliffe, and then to
Richard son of Robert, who claimed it in
1346; De Banco R. 345, m. 64 d. It
appears that in virtue of the fine of 1312
Adam de Hulton (and Roger his son) and
John de Radcliffe, rector of Bury, had
taken possession; Robert the son of
Roger, named in the fine, died without
issue; ibid. R. 344, m. 21 d.; R. 348,
m. 404 d.
This appears to be the estate in 'Harwood ' held by Sir Ralph de Radcliffe of
Smithills in 1406 of John son of Ellis
de Bradshaw in socage by a rent of 3s.;
its value was 40s. a year clear; Tcwneley
MS. DD, no. 1504. In 1517 John Barton's' estate in Harwood and Bradshaw
was held of the lord of Manchester by
unknown services; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iv, no. 82. It is also mentioned in
later inquisitions, e.g. Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 207–11.
||In 1302 Adam de Hindley did not
prosecute a claim against Hugh de Hindley
and others respecting a tenement in Bradshaw; Assize R. 418, m. 13.
Joan widow of Richard de Faldworthings in 1351 claimed a messuage and
two plough-lands in Bradshaw against
Thurstan de Holland; Duchy of Lanc
Assize R. 1, Mich. m. 5 d., Lent m. 7.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||The 'Chapel fields' are mentioned in
the will of John Bradshaw, 1548, already
||See Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xii,
115, 116; the inscription is ave maria
||The chapel existed in 1650, when it
was served by Mr. Felgate, 'a man of
civil carriage,' who had been elected by
the congregation; there was no income
beyond the voluntary offerings of the
people; Commonwealth Ch. Surv. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 33. Nothing is
said as to the chapel having been recently
built, as is done in some other cases; but
it was recommended that it be made a
parish church. In 1646 it had been
ordered that £13 16s. 10d. a year, out of
Mr. Anderton's sequestered tithes, be
allowed to the minister; Plund. Mins.
Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 17.
There are references to Mr. Felgate's appointment and conduct in Bury Classis
(Chet. Soc), 97, 99, 106, 107, 121, 122.
Mr. Bankes was the preacher in 1653;
ibid. 133. For Samuel Felgate's subsequent career see Dr. Shaw's account of
him, op. cit. 225, 226; and for James
Bankes, a Royalist, Manchester Classis
(Chet. Soc.), 411–12.
||Gastrell, Notitia, ii, 17, 18; the
voluntary contributions amounted to
about £12 a year. There were thirtyfive 'papists' in the chapelry, a Dissenters' meeting-place (which had disappeared
by 1724), and a solitary Quaker.
||Mr. Galindo for some reason imagined this to have been the old dedication.
||John Bradshaw in 1541 paid a chaplain, who may, however, have ministered
in the parish church; Clergy List (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 13.
||Oliver Heywood preached funeral
sermons there in 1669; Diaries, i, 98,
263. See also Bridgeman, Wigan Church
(Chet. Soc), iii, 470, and W. F. Irvine,
From Mr. Earwaker's notes and the
Visitation Lists it appears that John (or
Thomas) Isherwood was at the chapel in
1663, Charles Isherwood in 1671, and Richard Critchley in 1676. In 1687 Bishop
Cartwright ordained Thomas Whitehead,
B.A., of Jesus College, Cambridge, to the
curacy; Raines in Notitia Cestr. ii, 18. He
was at Rochdale in 1691.
Lond. Gaz. 4 March 1853.
||From the Church P. at Chester Dioc.
||Also curate of Cockey in 1778; he
died in 1799; Parson Folds, 49.
||Vicar of Deane, 1818 to 1830.
||By his will and codicil, 1878–80, he
left £1,560 to the endowment of the
church; End. Char. Rep.