||Including 12 acres of inland water.
||For this cross, and others in the
neighbourhood, see Lancs. and Ches. Antiq.
Soc. xvii, 24–7. Views of the ancient cross
and well and of the new one are given.
For an alleged custom in the village, see
N. and Q. (Ser. 4), vii, 107, 175.
||Watkin, Rom. Lancs. 68.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 117;
Watkin, op. cit. 236, 229.
||Subsidy R. 250, no. 9. The following
had six hearths taxed: Roger Crook,
Thomas Eaves, Paul Morae, William
Sumner of Lostock, and the wife of
Lond. Gaz. 3 July 1863.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 287b. See the account of the hundred.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 32–4. The ploughland held in 1212 by Robert Hikeling's
heir may have been in Leyland; ibid. i,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 34. This may have been a
confirmation of Robert Bussel's existing
right, made in consequence of the acquisition of the barony of Penwortham by
Roger de Lacy in 1206; see V.C.H.
Lancs. i, 336. Robert was no doubt the
son of Geoffrey Bussel, and one of the
claimants of the barony.
||The Leyland and Longton holding,
together with the lordship of Euxton,
was to be held by the tenth part of a
knight's fee. Later it would appear that
each of the divisions was held by the
tenth part of a fee.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 34–6, 150.
Some grants by Robert Bussel (or
Busshel), lord of Leyland, are printed in
the Arch. Fourn., 1875, pp. 479–80, from
the originals at Worden. One is a grant
to his son William of all easements and
profits pertaining to two houses in the
vill of Leyland. Another gave an acre to
Thomas the Tailor, son of Geoffrey de
Leyland, at a rent of 6d. The third was
of 20 acres to Henry de Whalley, son of
Ughtred; the boundaries began at the
highway where it descended to the brook
between Leyland and Clayton, ascended
this brook to Werden, along Werden
south to Sussnape, then following Greenlache to the highway.
||In a pleading of 1334 it was shown
that certain land claimed against William
de Walton had been included in a gift by
Robert Bussel to John son of William
del Meols in free marriage with his
daughter Avice; their son William was
father of William de Farington, the plaintiff; De Banco R. 300, m. 311; 304,
m. 407 d.; 306.
||In 1333 Richard son of Adam de
Leyland claimed a moiety of the manor
of Leyland against William de Walton,
and various lands in the vill against
others; De Banco R. 296, m. 86 d. He
stated that Richard son of Warine Bussel
had given it to Thomas de Leyland and
Alice his wife and their heirs; that they
had two sons, Richard (s.p.) and Adam,
the latter being plaintiff's father; ibid.
299, m. 54d. The suit was continued
later against William de Walton for twothirds of the moiety of the manor and
against John de Croft and Emma his wife
for the other third; also against Adam
de Knoll, William son of Adam de Knoll,
Robert son of John Salcockson, Adam
son of Ralph the Smith and Agnes his
wife, John Banastre, Christiana widow of
Henry son of Ellis, Adam de Rossall and
Alice his wife, Robert son of Geoffrey de
Walton and Cecily his wife, for various
messuages and lands; ibid. 303, m. 54. In
a continuation of the suit it was alleged
that Richard son of Warine Bussel, greatgrandfather of the plaintiff, had granted
the moiety to Master Adam de Walton;
ibid. 306, m. 105 d.
The moiety of the manor was held by
the Waltons as early as 1301; Final
Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 194.
Somewhat earlier (1296) William de Lea
and Maud his wife unsuccessfully claimed
a messuage and half the mill in Leyland
against Master Adam de Walton and John
his brother and heir; De Banco R. 113,
Final Conc. i, 124. See further in
the account of Ulnes Walton. A claim
for the manor seems to have been made
by Legh and Radcliffe in 1365; De Banco
R. 421, m. 225.
In 1355 the holders of the tenth part
of a knight's fee in Leyland, Longton and
Euxton, formerly held by Robert Bussel,
were Henry Duke of Lancaster, William
de Farington and William de Holland;
Feud. Aids, iii, 87.
||Some details of the grants and leases
of the group of manors to which the
moiety of Leyland belonged will be found
in the account of Eccleston. John Duke
of Lancaster in 1368 demised to William
de Farington and John his brother the
moiety of the manor of Leyland for a term
of thirty-five years, paying the ancient
rent for the first five years and the due
proportion of the increased rent (£140)
of the manors of Ulnes Walton, Eccleston
and Leyland; Duchy of Lanc. Great
Coucher, i, fol. 70, no. 46. In 1402 and
again in 1410 the moiety of the manor
was demised for life to William son of
John de Farington, deceased; Duchy of
Lanc. Misc. Bks. xvi, 40, 41 d. (pt. ii).
Sir Henry Farington, lord of the other
moiety, became the lessee in 1505; ibid.
xxi, a/59 d.
A survey of the duke's moiety of the
manor in 1398 is copied in Piccope MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), xiv, 65–7. The free tenants
were the heirs of William de Farington,
holding by knights' service and 3s. rent
(half to the duke and half to Penwortham);
Adam de Knoll, 13d.; Adam de Blacklache (Blacklidge), 3s.; Adam de Bretherton, 4s.; William de Leyland, 6d.; Abbot
of Evesham, 22d.; William Mercer the
draper (for Ayscough land), 20d.; John
de Faldworthing, 5s. 1d.; Ralph Banastre,
8s. 6d.; and the heirs of Richard de
Shireburne, 6d.; of Nicholas de London,
5d.; of John de Leyland, 3d.; of —
Baldwin, 3d.; of John de Farington,
14½d.; of — Culmelache, 3s.; and of
William Herreson, 2s. 4d.; the total of
free rents was 38s. 0½d., and of rents of
tenants at will £21 1s. 11½d. The latter
included Robert de Farington, rector of
Bebington, and John the Milner, who had
the mill, a cottage and an acre on each
side of Northbrook, paying 16s. 4d.
||Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xxiii,
70 d. Land called Conylache was included.
||See the account of Farington.
William de Farington in 1333 claimed
7 acres against John de Faldworthing;
De Banco R. 296, m. 431; 298, m. 191 d.
In 1336 he purchased a messuage and
land in Leyland from Hugh del Ridleys
and Alice his wife; Final Conc. ii,
102. The land was the right of Alice;
see De Banco R. 296, m. 219 d.; 297,
m. 27 d.
Free warren in Leyland was allowed
to William de Farington in 1349; Charter
R. 143, m. 30, no. 41.
William Farington in 1445–6 held lands
in Leyland of the duchy, rendering 18d.
yearly; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
bdle. 2, no. 20.
At the death of Sir William Farington
in 1501 his lands in Leyland were found
to be held of the king as of his duchy of
Lancaster by the tenth part of a knight's
fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 67.
His son, Sir Henry, had a son William,
who married a co-heir of Clayton and left
an only daughter and heir, Joan, named
in the text, who by Henry Beconsaw, her
former husband, had a daughter Dorothy,
heiress of a large part of the Farington,
Beconsaw and Clayton estates. The
Brownes had a long contest with Robert
Farington, third son of Sir Henry, who
claimed as heir male. See the account
of Farington and numerous references in
the Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.).
See Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12,
m. 94; 20, m. 87; 44, m. 211.
||In 1575 Edmund Huddleston of
Southwold and Dorothy his wife complained of an invasion of their lands by
William Farington. They stated that Sir
Anthony Browne, being in his lifetime
seised of a moiety of the manor of Leyland, granted it in 1557 to the said
Dorothy and her heirs; while the other
moiety was settled on Sir Anthony and
Joan his wife for life, with remainder to
the petitioners and their issue, who had
duly entered. William Farington answered
that he was lawfully seised of the land in
dispute in virtue of an award in a former
suit with Robert Farington 'his uncle';
Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. lxxxii, H 14.
||Leyland Manor was included in a
Huddleston settlement in 1606, the deforciants in the fine being Sir Edmund
Huddleston, Dorothy his wife and Henry
their son; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
70, no. 84. In a fine three years later the
deforciants were Thomas Emery and Mary
his wife; ibid. bdle. 76, m. 2. This refers
to the 'manor of Leyland' and lands, &c.,
The date 1617 is given by Canon
Raines, quoting 'Worden Evidences';
Stanley Papers (Chet. Soc.), pt. ii, p. xix.
That the purchase took place between
1615 and 1617 appears by comparing
various inquisitions; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 219, 73 (cf. i,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 33. This
grant may have been a confirmation by
Roger on his obtaining the barony of
Penwortham. Hugh Bussel was probably
one of the claimants to the barony.
The Hospitallers' lands are named in
1292; Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.),
375. The tenants and rents about 1540
were the following:—The king, whose
undertenant was — Bushel, 3s.; Nicholas
Blacklidge for a messuage called Burscough Place, 6d.; Peter Farington, for
Brex and other lands, 12d. and 6d.; Sir
Henry Farington, for Milnhurst, bought
of John Farington, 6d.; the same for
Worden, late the land of James Anderton,
deceased, 3s.; Kuerden MSS. v, fol. 83b.
It thus appears that Worden was about a
third part of the lands of St. John.
||The old spelling is Werden. It is
sometimes called a vill.
William Bussel of Euxton gave to
William de Anderton and Isabel his wife
and their heirs all his land in the hamlet
of Worden in the vill of Leyland for a
rent of 4s., covering the rent of 3s. due
from the grantor to the Hospitallers;
Kuerden fol. MS. (Chet. Lib.), 59. In
1542 the charter was cited as a grant to
William de Anderton and Ellen his wife,
their heir being Oliver Anderton, then
living; Duchy of Lanc. Deps. xxxvii,
Thomas Bussel, son of the above
William, gave to Adam de Walton, his
lord, certain land inclosed from the wood
of Leyland and a croft; Kuerden, loc. cit.
||Among the witnesses to local deeds
the following Andertons occur, probably
holders of Worden:—Robert, seneschal
of Leyland, 1315–25; Adam, 1331–57;
William son of Adam, 1367; William,
1379–1401; Edmund, 1411–24; James,
1447–73; Cuerden D. in Harl. MS.
2042, fol. 116b, &c.; Add. MS. 32109,
fol. 27b, &c.
William de Anderton had a tenement
in Leyland in 1290, when he complained
of injury by John de Walton, Robert de
Holland of Euxton, William son of Alice
Bussel, and others; Assize R. 1288, m.
13 d. Alice widow of William Busshel of
Euxton in 1284 claimed dower in Worden
against Robert son of William de Anderton; De Banco R. 55, m. 98 d. In 1303
Robert son of William de Anderton called
upon Thomas son of Adam de Anderton
to warrant 80 acres of land, &c., in Leyland
by Euxton; De Banco R. 148, m. 211.
The defendant was the lord of Anderton.
William and Robert de Anderton attested
a Chorley charter in 1301; Bailey MSS.
(Chet. Lib.), bdle. 32, no. 50. Robert
de Anderton of Leyland contributed to
the subsidy in 1327 (Subs. R. 130, no. 5),
and appears as juror and witness down to
1329; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 222;
Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 385.
Adam de Anderton appears in 1331
(Raines MSS. xxiii, 230), and contributed
to the subsidy in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 52. In 1347
William son of Adam son of Adam de
Anderton was contracted to marry Ellen
daughter of Adam de Clayton; Kuerden
MSS. ii, fol. 240b. Adam de Anderton
was made a justice for Leyland Hundred
in 1345; Cal. Pat. 1343–5, p. 509. He
occurs regularly down to 1361; Dods.
MSS. cxxxi, fol. 46.
William de Anderton attested a deed
at Leyland in 1387, and in 1385 was a
commissioner to levy a subsidy; Raines
MSS. xxiii, 238; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl,
523. William Anderton of Worden and
Edmund Anderton of Worden are mentioned in 1400–1; Harl. MS. 2042, fol.
Edmund Anderton and Margaret his
wife had land at Biggins near Kirkby
Lonsdale in 1417; the remainders were
to Edmund's sons James (wife Elizabeth),
William, John, Thomas, Robert, and the
right heirs of Margaret; Feet of F. Westmorland, case 249, file 8 (2 Ric. II6 Edw. IV, no. 20).
In 1419 Edmund Anderton of Leyland was forbidden to levy any multure
at the water-mill he had erected to the
hurt of the king's freehold in Leyland
until he had proved his title; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. xxxiii, App. 16. Edmund Anderton
and James his son occur in 1429–35;
Harl. MS. 2042, fol. 167. Edmund occurs
as a witness in 1438–9; ibid. fol. 167b.
James Anderton had lands in Howick in
1441 and in Haslingden in 1443; Pal.
of Lanc. Plea R. 3, m. 2; 4, m. 3 d.;
Farrer, Honor of Clitheroc, i, 502. He
and William Anderton attested a deed in
1475; Towneley MS. DD, no. 108.
William Anderton of Worden occurs
in 1466; Pal. of Lanc. Pat. R. 9, no. 29.
William Anderton was a surety in 1485;
Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 98b. He died soon
after, for in 1486 his widow Isabel and
the other executors of his will were
plaintiffs; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 62,
m. 2 d., 4, 6, 11.
James Anderton occurs as witness in
1488; Dods. MSS. liii, fol. 87. From
depositions made in 1542 the descent is
thus proved: Edmund -s. James -s. William -s. James, who married Anne
daughter of Sir William Farington in his
father's lifetime; Duchy of Lanc. Dep.
xxxvii, A 4a. Lands in Whittington and
Biggins are named. It was probably this
James Anderton who was constable of
Hornby Castle 1511 to 1524; Duchy
Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 216–17, and will of Edward Stanley
James Anderton died 12 August 1523
holding the capital messuage called Worden
Hall, with other messuages and lands in
the vills of Worden and Leyland. Worden
Hall was held of Oliver Anderton by the
rent of 12d., and the lands in Leyland of
Henry Farington by a rent of 8d. James
had in 1518 made a settlement of his
estate in favour of his wife Anne for her
life. His heir male was a cousin, John
Anderton, son of Richard, brother of
William, father of the deceased; his heirs
general were his four sisters and their
issue, viz. Margaret wife of John Skillicorne; Francis Banastre (minor) son of
Ralph son of Ellen; John Ainsworth
son of Elizabeth; Alice wife of Henry
Stokes; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v,
no. 51. From the tenure here recorded
it appears that the lord of Anderton was
mesne tenant between the actual holder
and the Hospitallers.
John Anderton, the heir male, afterwards endeavoured to recover the Leyland
estate. He cited a charter by which John
Walton, vicar of Leyland, and another
trustee granted four messuages, &c., to
James son of Edmund Anderton and his
heirs male by Elizabeth his wife, who
were parents of the above-named William
and Richard, fathers of James and John
respectively; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 153,
A claim for the manor of Worden was
made in 1542 by the above-named John
Ainsworth son of Richard Ainsworth and
Elizabeth his wife; Duchy of Lanc. Plead.
xi, A 4, Dep. xxxvii, A 4a.
||In 1531–2 Worden was held by John
Skillicorne and Anne his wife, she being
the widow of James Anderton, when John
Anderton, described as 'of Budworth' in
Cheshire, the heir male, put in his claim;
Duchy of Lanc. Dep. xx, A 2. Anne
widow of James Anderton was living in
August 1534; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton.
file 31 (Aug. 26 Hen. VIII). She is
said to have died at the end of 1534;
Fishwick, Kirkham (Chet. Soc.), 191
||There was a settlement of the manor
of Worden and other lands by Sir Henry
Farington and Dorothy his wife in 1537;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 162, m. 11.
Dorothy Farington, widow of Sir Henry,
and William the son and next male heir
of the said Dorothy and Henry, in 1551
complained that Robert Farington and
others had endeavoured to disseise her of
various messuages and lands in Leyland,
Worden and Whittle-le-Woods; Duchy
of Lanc. Plead. Edw. VI, xxix, F 11.
Sir Henry on 1 May 1535 demised
the manor of Worden to his son Thomas
on a yearly tenancy; Pal. of Lanc. Plea
R. 166, m. 9 d.
||There is a full and laudatory account
of him by Canon Raines in the introduction to the Stanley Papers, pt. ii, where
his will is printed (pp. lxxviii, &c.). He
desired to be buried in the chapel on the
south side of Leyland Church, known as
St. Nicholas' or Farington chapel, in the
tomb wherein his father, grandfather and
William Farington in 1560 procured a
confirmation of his arms with an alteration of the crest; Misc. Gen. et Herald.
||Fleetwood, the Puritan rector of
Wigan, writing in 1587 to Lord Burghley
about 'the notorious backwardness of the
whole company' of the Earl of Derby in
religion, specially mentions several of the
earl's council as follows: 'Halsall is a
lawyer, presented these last sessions as a
recusant in some degree. Farington is as
cunning as he: not anything sounder
in religion, though much more subtle to
avoid the public note than he. Rigby is
as cunning and unsound as either, and as
grossly to be detected therein as Halsall.
All three of them as busy contrivers of
dangerous devices against the peace of the
ministry and free course of the Gospel
and direct proceeding of justice, in all
common opinion, as any that ever bore
authority among us.' See the letter (from
Strype) in Wigan Church (Chet. Soc.), i,
168, 170. See also Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 585.
In the Farington Papers (Chet. Soc.),
p. 140, is a significant letter from one who
evidently regarded William Farington as
disregarding his conscience. For the Dr.
Draycott referred to see Gillow, Bibl.
Dict. of Engl. Cath. ii, 105.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 180. Worden was held of
the king, as of the late priory of St. John
of Jerusalem, by a rent of 4s. The 'Tenmarks land' was held of Dame Dorothy
Huddleston in socage. Thomas, the son
and heir, was forty years of age. He was
passed over with an annuity by his father,
who had been displeased with him;
Stanley Papers, ii, p. lxxxiv.
||Thomas Farington father of the heir
made an unsuccessful attempt to secure
Worden; ibid. p. lxxxix, &c. He was
buried at Leyland 14 October 1622.
A pedigree was recorded in 1613;
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 19.
William Farington paid a fine of
£13 6s. 8d. on refusing knighthood in
1631; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||P.R.O. List, 73. The records of
his year of office are printed in Farington
Papers (Chet. Soc.), 1–55. A short
sketch of his life and character is given
in the introduction to the volume. He
founded an almshouse at Leyland.
He was a member of the Short Parliament of 1640; Pink and Beaven, Parl.
Repre. of Lancs. 71.
Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 327,
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 287–95. William Farington the elder held Worden, with its
demesne lands, Littlewood in Ulnes
Walton, &c., together worth £188 13s. 4d.
a year; other lands in Leyland, called
Shaw Hall, worth £6 13s. 4d. a year;
and others in Lancashire and Cheshire.
Family letters of the Civil War period
are printed in Farington Papers, 73–116.
||The younger William was perhaps
the 'Captain Farington' captured at
Preston in 1643. He took part in the
defence of Lathom House in both the
sieges. See Civil War Tracts, 73, 184,
He had a messuage and lands in Leyland and occupied Shaw Hall. These
were sequestered and in 1649 he petitioned for leave to compound; Royalist
Comp. Papers, loc. cit.
He was fifty years old in 1664, when a
pedigree was recorded (Visit. 107), and
was buried at Leyland 27 February 1672–3.
His will is at Chester.
||Aged thirty in 1664. Letters to
him as 'Major Farington' are printed in
Farington Papers, 176–9. The account of
the later generations is based on the pedigrees in Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland),
256–7; Burke's Commoners, iii, 341–2;
Foster's Lancs. Pedigrees; and sheet pedigree, s.d. It should be noticed expressly
that the children (and their descendants)
attributed in these pedigrees to the Rev.
William Farington, rector of Warrington,
have now assigned to his younger brother
Henry, said to have been a sailor.
William is left childless.
A settlement of the manors of Penwortham, Leyland and Ulnes Walton was
made in 1684 by Henry Farington, Susan
his wife and William Farington; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 213, m. 30. Henry
Farington was buried at Leyland 14
||P.R.O. List, 74.
In 1696 William Farington's name
occurs in a list of the justices 'thought fit
to be turned out'; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep.
xiv, App. iv, 411.
||William was the son of George
Farington of Shaw Hall, who was buried
at Leyland 24 July 1704, his widow
Elizabeth following on 18 August. In
1715 there was a recovery of the manor
of Leyland, &c., William Farington being
vouchee; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 503,
m. 4 d.
||George Farington by his marriage
acquired the Bradshaw estate in Pennington. Bradshaw Farington, younger son
of George, was killed at the battle of
Fontenoy, 11 May 1745.
||P.R.O. List, p. 74. There was a
recovery of the manor of Leyland, &c., in
1742, William Farington being in possession; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 557, m. 8.
||P.R.O. List, 74.
||The nearest heir male was descended
from Henry the younger brother of George
(d. 1742) and of the Rev. William Farington (vicar of Leigh 1734–67 and rector
of Warrington 1767), viz. -s. William (d.
1803) -s. William, of Woodvale, I.W.,
Admiral (d. 1868) -s. William (b. 1815)
-bro. Edmund (d. 1863) -s. William James
(b. 1852). The male issue of William
(d. 1803) having died out, that of his
younger brother Henry (d. 1827) became
representative of the family, thus: -s.
Henry (d. 1859) -s. Richard Atherton
(d. 1910) -s. Henry Nowell (b. 1859).
||a Information of Mr. H. N. Farington, who states that the recent descent
is given correctly in Burke, Landed Gentry
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1), iii, 451,
where a view of the house, dated 1832, is
Pictorial Hist. of Lancs. 156. If this
date is correct, the brick and stone walling
of the present house is of course a later
rebuilding, probably in the first half of the
||It is named in the rental of 1540
above. In 1310–11 William son of
Thomas the King, of Rotheland, gave pasture land to Henry son of Robert de
Preston, who in 1317–18 gave his messuage, &c., in Leyland to Thomas de
Brex; Kuerden fol. MS. 210, 313. Soon
afterwards a settlement was made by
Thomas de Brex and Alice his wife;
ibid. 134. The lands of Thomas de Brex
were in 1379–80 settled on Nicholas de
Brex, son of William the Mercer of Leyland, and his issue, with remainders to
Nicholas younger son of William de
Farington, Henry Howick, Henry son of
William de Farington, and Nicholas son
of Richard de Farington; ibid. 132.
Thomas Farington of the Brex in 1492–3
demised the Brex for twenty years to his
mother, Katherine Wright, with remainder to Thomas Bradshaw of London;
Penwortham Priory (Chet. Soc), I, 6.
Robert son of John de Clayton gave
to William son of Richard de Blackburn
a place of wood called 'Subsnape,' in
Leyland, which he had had from Sir Adam
de Walton, together with the service of
Thomas Bussel and a rent of 3s. from
Paddescrook; Kuerden fol. MS. C 74.
William de Blackburn afterwards gave
the same to Thurstan de Northlegh; ibid.
B 56. Snubsnape is a farm in the southwest part of the township.
Henry son of Robert son of Thomas
de Walton exchanged 12 acres called
Snubsnape for land in Penwortham, with
John le White, vicar of Leyland; ibid.
Alice widow of William de Black
burn in 1338 claimed dower in Leyland
against the Abbot of Evesham and against
Robert the Spicer and Margery his wife;
De Banco R. 314, m. 196; 316, m.
312 d.; 326, m. 306 d. Margery widow
of Thurstan de Northlegh released to the
vicar of Leyland all her right in Subsnape; Kuerden fol. MS. 272. 'Snubsnape' in Leyland was claimed by the
Abbot of Evesham in 1372; Coram Rege
R. 442, m. 24 d.
'Snopsnape' was the subject of a dispute between Richard and William Farington in 1549; Ducatus Lanc. i, 236.
In 1596 William Farington of Worden
acquired five messuages, &c., in Leyland
from William Farington of Snobbesnape;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 59, m. 112.
The latter William may be the William
Farington of the Wood who made a
settlement of lands in 1584; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 254, m. 6.
||Pat. 34 Hen. VIII, pt. viii.
Leyland is named among the possessions of Richard Fleetwood of Penwortham in 1626; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxv, no. 22.
||Assize R. 419, m. 6, 13. Emma
the widow of Adam (who was son of
John) was also a party to the suits. A
John de Leyland was defendant in 1258,
Edmund de Lacy and Alice his wife (in
her right) claiming the third part of ten
marks rent from him; Curia Regis R.
160, m. 27 d. This may have something
to do with the Ten-marks land afterwards
held by Farington of Worden.
Adam son of Avina de Leyland was
defendant in a plea regarding dower in
1331; De Banco R. 287, m. 185.
Richard son of Adam de Leyland was
a plaintiff in 1336; ibid. 306, m. 105.
||De Banco R. 345, m. 364 d. About
the same time Margery widow of Thurstan de Northlegh claimed dower in the
estate of John de Leyland of Preston;
ibid. 347, m. 98.
||John son of Thomas de Leyland
was plaintiff in 1345; ibid. 344, m.
In 1350 Robert de Haldleghs and Alice
daughter of John Busshel claimed five
messuages, 80 acres of land, &c., against
Margaret widow of John de Leyland and
Cecily his daughter; ibid. 363, m. 176.
In a later pleading (1354) it was stated
that the land, &c., had been settled on
Thomas de Leyland and Agnes his wife,
who had had issue—John, Alice, and
Mabel; of the plaintiffs Robert was son
of Alice, and Alice was daughter of
Mabel. Cecily daughter of John was
called to warrant, but was under age;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. v.
Cecily afterwards married Henry son of
John de Coppull; De Banco R. 408,
m. 35 d.
It may be noted that in 1318 John
son of Thomas de Leyland (whose wife
was Agnes) claimed tenements in Leyland
and Cuerden against John son of John
Busshel, William son of John Faldworthing, and others; and that Avice widow
of Thomas de Leyland claimed dower
against John son of Thomas; De Banco
R. 225, m. 177, 318 d. John son of
Thomas de Leyland sought a messuage
and land against Robert le Woodward,
vicar, as representing the Abbot of
Evesham, in 1344; ibid. 338, m. 270;
341, m. 284.
||Some members of it have been named
in preceding notes.
In 1246 William son of Siward
claimed land in Leyland against Richard
Bussel, but withdrew; Assize R. 404, m.
10 d. Thomas son of Richard Bussel
was plaintiff in 1288 and 1292; De
Banco R. 76, m. 31; 82, m. 51 d.; Assize
R. 408, m. 3 d.
William Bussel in 1256 sought inquiry
into the burning of a certain house in
Leyland; Orig. R. 19, m. 7 (40 Hen. III);
Abbrev. Rot. Orig. i, 15. Margery
sister of Henry Bussel was plaintiff in
1278; Assize R. 1277, m. 31 d. William
son of Robert Bussel in 1292 held land
in Leyland claimed by Robert son of
Richard the Smith as nephew and next
heir of Robert de Leyland, and his claim
was allowed; Assize R. 408, m. 33.
Robert Bussel in the time of Edward
II gave land in Leyland to Robert del
Wood, who had married his daughter
Margery; the grandson Robert (son of
Henry) del Wood in 1343 sought to recover it from William son of Adam de
Culmylache; De Banco R. 336, m.
||The Blacklaches or Blacklidges were
tenants of the Hospitallers, but there may
have been more than one family of them.
Richard son of Adam Bussel of Leyland in 1337 released to John de Blacklache messuages and lands, partly from
Roger the Ward or Preston; Kuerden
fol. MS. 59.
Adam Baldwin and Agnes his wife
claimed lands in Leyland in 1375; Agnes
was daughter of Richard son of John de
Leyland; De Banco R. 458, m. 202 d.;
461, m. 273 d. In 1391 John son of
Adam Blacklache purchased two messuages, &c., from Adam Baldwin and
Agnes; Final Conc. iii, 39.
Nicholas Blacklache died in 1598 holding a capital messuage in Leyland, with
buildings and lands appurtenant, of Sir
Edmund Huddleston by a rent of 3s. 7d.
He had made his brother, William Blacklache of Gloucestershire, his heir, with remainders to William's sons—Nicholas,
William, Aubrey and Abraham. William,
the brother, was then fifty-four years of
age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii,
||See the account of Cuerden; also
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes ii, 1–11.
William Farington and William Charnock were those who contributed to the
subsidy of 1564 for lands; Subs. R.
131, no. 210.
John Charnock of Fulwood died in
1574 holding land called Comylache in
Leyland of the queen, and other land in
the township of Edmund Huddleston;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii, no. 35.
||He does not seem to have had any
lands in Leyland; ibid. xvii, no. 5.
Robert Charnock, perhaps a brother
of William, was educated at Oxford and
Douay, and after being ordained priest was
sent on the English mission about 1587.
In the disputes among Roman Catholics
about the archpriest Blackwell and the
Jesuits, Mr. Charnock took an active part
on the side of the appellant clergy or
opposition, going to Rome on this business.
He afterwards returned to England, and is
supposed to have died about 1623; Gillow,
Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 474.
||Subs. R. 131, no. 313.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii, no.
18. Roger rebuilt the house in 1620,
providing a secret chapel for mass and
hiding places for priests and church stuff;
Gillow, loc. cit.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||Not named in the pedigree. See
Visit. of 1567 (Chet. Soc.), 76; 1613,
Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 29–33. He
had been 'in arms in the first war,' and
in 1649 was allowed to compound for a
fine of £58. But shortly afterwards it was
reported that Charnock was 'a known
Papist and active delinquent and at this
time [April 1650] with the rebels in Ireland,' and further proceedings began. His
mother, Anne Charnock, deposed that 'she
had educated him until he was about fifteen
years old in the Popish religion, and then
bound him to be an apprentice in London,
since which time (she had heard) he had
been seen to go to a Protestant church.'
His sister Susan had heard conflicting reports about him—that he had fought for
the king in Ireland, and, being captured
lately at Dublin, had been shot to death;
on the other hand that he was alive in
A neighbour said that Charnock had
told him that he was in the Dublin garrison
on the surrender by the Earl of Ormonde;
he also said that Charnock, 'reared a
Papist,' was 'a person of loose behaviour,'
who had been in the service of the Parliament, and had been seen in Leyland
Church. Another witness stated that in
1643 Charnock, saying he had a captain's
commission from the king, tried to raise
a troop of horse, and afterwards went to
Ireland; he had been Papist and Protes
tant, but 'since the beginning of these
times he was a recusant and never went
to church.' Other witnesses said they had
seen him at mass in Leyland 'about five
or six years ago.'
Major James Jolly, in the service of the
Parliament, who had purchased lands from
Charnock and wanted their discharge from
sequestration, bore witness that 'Charnock
did usually frequent the worship of God
in a Protestant church, and exclaimed
bitterly against the Papists and their religion, and had done good service against
the Irish rebels, as appeared from a testimonial under the hand and seal of the
Marquis of Ormond, dated 12 July 1647.'
The deeds concerning the sale by Thomas
Charnock to James Jolly are in Harl. MS.
2042, fol. 106, &c. Robert the brother
of Thomas is named as 'deceased.'
A Captain Thomas Charnock, a Royalist,
is said to have been killed in the war;
Castlemain, Cath. Apology (quoted by
||'He was sent to the English College,
Lisbon, and after his ordination came on
the mission to his native county in 1640.
For thirty years, during a time of extreme
peril from the civil convulsion which issued
in the great Civil War, he served the
Church in Lancashire, under his maternal
surname of Manley. He held the responsible office of Vicar-General in the Lancashire District, and resided at Blacklache
or Old Hall, Leyland. . . . He died 2 Feb.
1670–1'; Gillow, op. cit. i, 477.
||Accounts from papers in the possession
of the vicars of Leyland may be seen in
Leyland Reg. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
211–12, and in Piccope MSS. (Chet.
Lib.), xiv, p. 45; see also Exch. Dep. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 69, 70; Pat.
2 Will. and Mary, pt. vi, no. 18.
Robert Charnock conveyed his estate,
on a secret trust, to Grace Bold, a convert
(1644) and servant to Lady Frances Tyldesley of Morleys, who lived at Leyland
Hall as a boarder. It had been intended
to build a chapel, but 'in case the Catholic
religion should come again to be established
in England the said Hall, &c., should go
to Jesus chapel in Leyland Church to be
disposed of as the bishop should think fit.'
The relatives of Grace Bold (d. 1685)
disregarded the secret trust, and treated
the estate as their own property, whereupon the defrauded Catholics discovered
the matter to the government.
||'During the improvements great
interest has been displayed in the examination of a recess used as a sanctuary by
the priest (and possessor), Father Robert
Charnock, and in exploring four hiding
places. Two of these are in the roof and
a third adjoins the chimney. The fourth
is a passage between the first and ground
floors on the west side'; Preston Guardian,
April 5, 1884, quoted in Lancs. and Ches.
Antiq. Notes, ii, 11.
||Some part of the Walton estate in
Leyland appears to have gone to the
Northlegh family; Final Conc. ii, 33, 43;
see also Assize R. 427, m. 3 d. It descended to Radcliffe of Smithills; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 35 (1433). The
tenure was described as by knights' service.
||Abstract of title in possession of W.
||The lists of Duchy tenants in 1398
and Hospitallers' tenants in 1540 will
provide earlier or additional references.
Richard Shireburne in 1441 held a
messuage, &c., of the king as Duke of
Lancaster; Lancs. Rec. Inq. p.m. no. 30,
31. In 1492 and later the Shireburne
tenement was held by a rent of 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 93; iv,
no. 46. Part was sold to Clayton of Crook,
but the later inquisitions show that the
Shireburnes retained some.
||Ralph Banastre died in 1518 holding
a messuage, &c., in Leyland of the king
as of his duchy in socage by the rent of 6s.
Francis Banastre, his son and heir, was
about eleven years of age; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 29. Francis has been
named before among the heirs of James
Anderton of Worden. He and his wife
Elizabeth in 1537 sold their lands to
John Clayton; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 11, m. 64.
||Thomas Clayton purchased land from
Sir Richard Shireburne in 1569; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 130.
Peter Clayton, clerk, in 1585 purchased
two messuages and lands from William
Goslin, Anne his wife, Jane Forshaw,
Margaret Forshaw, William Blacklache
and Margaret his wife, and John Sumner
alias Forshaw; ibid. bdle. 47, m. 144.
William Clayton of Crook in 1632
held a messuage in Leyland of William
Farington as of his manor of Leyland in
socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxviii,
no. 79. See also Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 170. William Clayton had
compounded on refusing knighthood in
1631; ibid. 214.
||William son of Adam del Knoll called
Adam del Knoll to warrant him in 1337;
De Banco R. 311, m. 42 d.
Edmund Knoll died in 1441 holding
a messuage and land of the king as duke
as of his moiety of the manor of Leyland,
by a rent of 12d. His heir was his niece
Elizabeth, wife of John Coler of Cuerden,
and daughter of Oliver, brother of Edmund
Knoll; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1493.
||Joan widow of Adam son of John
de Ayscough (Aykescough) unsuccessfully
sued Adam son of John de Ulbas for
dower in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 57 d.
John son of William de Ayscough in
1305 claimed a messuage and land in
Leyland by Euxton against his brother
Richard, Robert de Leyland and Margery
his wife, &c. The defence was that
Margery had a third part as dower by
assignment of Master Adam de Walton,
chief lord of the fee; Assize R. 420,
m. 9 d. In 1308–9 Richard son of
William Ward claimed land against John
son of William de Ayscough, alleging
that a certain William son of Ughtred
had granted it to William son of Richard
de Ayscough and Alice his wife, and that
it had descended to William Ward, son of
the said William and Alice, and then to
the plaintiff as son and heir; De Banco
R. 173, m. 425 d.; 179, m. 210 d. See
also ibid. 185, m. 147 d.
John Ayscough died in 1636 holding
a messuage, &c., of William Farington;
his heir was a son Thomas, seven years
of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), 8. A settlement is recited in the
||Thomas Hesketh of Rufford died in
1523 holding a little land in Leyland,
which had descended to Sir Robert
Hesketh in 1541; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. v, no. 16; vii, no. 14. The tenure
William Hesketh died in 1639 holding
a messuage of William Farington as of
his manor of Leyland. Thomas, the son
and heir, was twenty-eight years of age;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 10.
||Sir Thomas Molyneux of Sefton
died in 1483 holding the Duchy moiety
of the manor; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet.
Soc.), ii, 118. This was a temporary
grant, and the Molyneux holding of later
times was in lands which had belonged to
the Hospitallers; ibid. iii, 383; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 59. Their
Leyland estate was sold in 1729.
||James Mason alias Stopford in 1574
purchased two messuages, &c., in Leyland
and Clayton from John Waring; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 36, m. 76; Ducatus
Lanc. iii, 112. James Stopford of Ulnes
Walton died in 1610 holding a tenement
in Leyland of Dame Dorothy Huddleston
by 3d. rent; while William Stopford died
in 1617 holding the same of William
Farington; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs and Ches.), i, 169; ii, 73.
||In 1373 Robert de Tonley and Joan
(Juliana) his wife (in the latter's right)
claimed dower in Leyland and Ulnes
Walton against John le Sumner and
Agnes his wife; De Banco R. 451, m.
242 d.; 453, m. 151 d. William Sumner
and Clemency widow of Edmund Sumner
in 1480 had a dispute as to dower; Pal.
of Lanc. Writs Proton. file 22 Edw. IV, a.
William Sumner had land in Leyland
in 1577; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
39, m. 44.
Christopher Sumner died in 1620
holding lands in Leyland (including
Prior's acre, &c.) of William Farington
by a rent of 2s. 2d. His heirs were three
daughters, Anne Heald, Jane and Ellen;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 220. William Sumner's lands
were held (1615) of Henry Huddleston
by a rent of 4s. 3d.; his heir was his son
William; ibid. ii, 219. James Sumner,
who died in 1636, held of William
Farington; his heir was a son John,
forty-eight years old; Towneley MS. C 8,
13 (Chet. Lib.), 1069.
There were Sumners at Nook, in the
south-west of Leyland.
||Roger Banastre of Leyland in 1374
claimed land against Thomas, Roger and
John, sons of Robert de Werden; De
Banco R. 456, m. 262 d.
Thomas Osbaldeston and Elizabeth his
wife in 1580 purchased a messuage, &c.,
from William Langley and Alice his wife,
and two years later sold the same to
Thomas Werden; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdles. 42, m. 57; 44, m. 76. The
Werdens formerly owned Golden Hill.
Some of them were recusants in 1628;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 180.
The head of the family seems, however,
to have migrated into Cheshire before
this time; Ches. Funeral Cert. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 183. John Werden
(d. 1646) and his son General Robert
Werden were active Royalists in the Civil
War and had their estates sequestered;
Cal. Com. for Comp. ii, 1154–6, v, 3268.
Robert had a son John, secretary to the
Duke of York in 1672, when he was
made a baronet, the dignity expiring with
the death of his son John in 1758. See
G.E.C. Complete Baronetage, iv, 55. They
are described as 'of Cholmeaton (Cholmondeston), Cheshire, and Leyland.'
See Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), ii, 328;
||a William Holland of Clifton died
in 1521 holding messuages and lands in
Leyland of Henry Farington by a rent of
6d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m, v, no. 49.
They descended to Eleanor Slade, daughter
of Thomas Holland, who died in 1613
holding them by the same rent; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
Peter Blackhurst died in 1631 holding
a messuage, &c., of William Farington;
Thomas, the son and heir, was forty-five
years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxx, no. 9.
Thomas Rawlinson, who died in 1633,
held of William Farington by a rent of
2s. 6d.; his heir was his brother John,
fifty years of age; ibid. xxviii, no. 58.
Robert Serjant died in 1633, also
holding of William Farington, by a rent
of 2s. 3d.; the heir was his son Humphrey,
aged twenty-two; ibid. xxviii, no. 17.
Thomas Euxton died in 1638 holding
a messuage, &c., of William Farington
by suit of court and a rent of 20d.; he
left a son and heir William, a year old;
ibid. xxx, no. 8.
The following notes are from Towneley
MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), the lands being
held of William Farington:
John Hilton, died 1625; son and heir
Evan, aged thirty-eight; p. 499.
Thomas Cowper, died 1636; son
and heir William, aged twenty-two;
Lawrence Farington, died 1638; son
and heir Thomas, aged thirty-three;
||John Hilton, Thomas Starkie and
Margaret Werden, all recusants; Royalist
Camp. Papers, iii, 229; Cal. Com. for Comp.
v, 3187; iv, 3169.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 196.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 118, 130, 152. The names were
Richard Lancaster, Janet Guest, widow,
and Richard Whitehead.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
Endowed Char. Rep. (Leyland).
||Hewitson, Our Country Churches,
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. ii,
||For list of recusants in 1628, see
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
||Hewitson, op. cit. 166–9.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i,