||Ordnance Surv. 1848; but 48,259
acres, of which 730 are inland water,
according to Census Rep. 1901.
||Watkin, Roman Lancs. 202–5.
||Abram, Blackburn, 27.
Cal. Pat. 1321–4, p. 343, &c.
L. and P. Hen. VIII, xii (1), 7.
||None of the earlier Protestants of
distinction came from it, but a missionary
priest, the Ven. William Thomson alias
Blackburn, executed by Elizabeth, was a
native. He was born probably about
1560, educated at Rheims and sent to
England. After labouring a short time
in the mission he was captured and
executed for his priesthood at Tyburn,
20 Apr. 1586. The cause of his beatification was allowed to be introduced at
Rome in 1886; Pollen, Acts of Martyrs,
379; Stanton, Menology, 171. His contemporary Edward Osbaldeston of Osbaldeston suffered similarly at York in
||Abram, Blackburn, 78; a list of 1576
is printed, the principal being Sir John
Southworth of Samlesbury and John
Talbot of Salesbury.
||See the account of the parish church.
||Robert Bolton, the Puritan divine,
born 1572, may have been one of his
||Two are named in a list of 1586;
Abram, op. cit. 82.
In 1591 it was reported that no house
in the county was worse than that of Mr.
Yates, the schoolmaster of Blackburn, his
wife, daughter and maid being recusants;
Cal. S. P. Dom. 1591–4, p. 150.
||In 1587 there was a dearth of corn;
ibid. 1581–90, p. 407.
||His second visit was in 1603; Brit.
(ed. 1695), 750. He found little to
interest him, and just mentions Blackburn (a market town) and Walton-leDale as standing on the Darwen; ibid.
||Abram, op. cit. 88.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 97,
99. In 1631 the plague was prevalent
in the neighbourhood, but the town of
Blackburn remained free; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 48.
||In 1629 and a little later the following compounded for the two-thirds of
their estates liable to sequestration for
recusancy, paying the annual fines appended: Billington — Elizabeth Speke,
£2 13s. 4d.; Thomas Winckley, £4;
Thomas Hothersall, £5 10s.; Harwood—
Thomas Hesketh the elder, £2; Robert
Squire, £2; Rishton—Katherine Rishton,
£3 6s. 8d.; Walton—Robert Langton,
£2; Thomas Osbaldeston, £6 16s.;
Wilpshire — John Talbot of Carr,
£6 13s. 4d.; Witton—Henry Fielden,
£4. Ewan Berry of Rishton had conformed; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.),
War in Lancs. (Chet. Soc.), 17.
||Ibid. 21; Sir Gilbert marched from
Preston on 24 Dec. to Mellor Lane head,
on the north side of the town, and during
the night and next day played upon it with
a small piece of ordnance; no noteworthy
damage seems to have been done on
either side, the Royalists retiring without
having come nearer than ¼ mile from the
town. The Parliamentary garrison consisted of 400 of the militia; Civil War
Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 126.
||Ibid. 70. Sir John is described as 'a
great Papist, but one that hath all this
while stood as a neuter betwixt the king
||Ibid. 96, 132.
||Abram, op. cit. 146, quoting Dugdale, Short View of the late Troubles, 195.
War in Lancs. 55; some prisoners
were brought to Blackburn.
||Some of the cases are more particularly noticed in the accounts of the
several townships, as those of John
Southworth of Samlesbury, Sir John
Talbot of Samlesbury, and Edward
Walmsley of Banastre Hall.
In Blackburn itself the only case was
that of Richard Hoghton, who in 1649
was allowed to compound for his 'delinquency' in assisting the king's forces in
'the first engagement,' he having submitted long since. His fine was £60;
Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 1883; v,
The other sequestrations were, with
scarcely an exception, in the northern
townships along the Ribble bank. Ralph
Shorrock of Walton, while a servant to
Sir Gilbert Hoghton, took part in the
attack on Blackburn in 1642, but afterwards 'lived peaceably' and took the
National Covenant; he compounded in
1646 for £60; ibid. ii, 1493. Thomas
Blacoe of Roacher in Samlesbury had his
messuage sequestered for delinquency,
and it so remained at his death in or
before 1655; ibid. 3237. Thomas Sowerbutts and Hugh Welchman were two
other Samlesbury delinquents; the former's
estate was declared forfeit and sold; ibid.
iv, 3075; iii, 2043; Index of Royalists
(Index Soc.), 44. Two other estates in
the neighbourhood were also forfeited,
those of Lawrence Park of Cuerdale and
James Ward of Osbaldeston; ibid. 41.
William Radcliffe of Balderston compounded in 1649 for a fine of £15;
Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 2056. William
Winckley of Billington, 'for delinquency
in the first war,' compounded in 1651 for
£26; ibid. iv, 2722. Three others of
the same township forfeited their estates:
John Barker of Southwell, who lost
Weetley House, having been in Newark
at its surrender; Robert Foole or Fowle
(deceased), whose widow Janet in 1652
was a recusant; and Robert Craven;
ibid. ii, 1389; iv, 3025, 3131; Index of
Royalists, 41, 42. Craven was allowed to
compound for a small fine.
||These were almost all in the district
above defined, where sequestrations took
place for taking the king's side in the
war. At Walton-le-Dale there were a
number of cases: John Ainscoe alias
Martin (dead), Thomas Baldwin, Anne
Blackburn (died about 1647), William
Blackburn, Evan Catterall, Elizabeth
Dowson and Thomas Walton; Cal. Com.
for Comp. iv, v. The case of William
Blackburn is the only one needing further
notice. He complained in 1652 that his
estate had been wrongly seized, but afterwards confessed that he had been a recusant, but having been 'brought to see
his errors, frequented church and took the
oath of abjuration'; ibid. iv, 3059.
Henry Wright of Samlesbury having
died, his heirs in 1651 petitioned for the
two-thirds of the estate sequestered for his
recusancy. 'Being conformable' it was
allowed them on their taking the oath of
abjuration; ibid. iv, 2847. The daughters
of Roger Smalley in Balderston and Robert
Sharples (deceased) of the same place had
suffered for the same reason; ibid. v, 3199,
3219. The recusancy of John Shaw, an
assignee, caused the sequestration of
Sharples House in Osbaldeston before
1652; ibid. iv, 3013. John Cross in
1652 complained that his small estate in
Mellor and Showley, inherited from his
father, had been sequestered about 1645,
when he was only ten years old, 'on
pretence that he was educated in Popery';
in 1652, being seventeen, he took the oath
of adjuration, and the tenement was restored to him; ibid. iv, 3041. Robert
Catterall of Clayton-le-Dale desired to
compound for his sequestered two-thirds
in 1653; ibid. iv, 3174. Alexander
Bleasdale (deceased) had two-thirds sequestered, his sister and her husband desiring discharge in 1655; ibid. v, 3236.
Robert Squire of Great Harwood in 1654
asked to be allowed to contract for the
two-thirds sequestered. There had been
a dispute, for this part had been granted
by the authorities to Robert Feilden on
lease, and he had complained that the
division made was unfair to him; ibid.
||William Knight of Samlesbury; ibid.
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland),
23. The following are the details: Blackburn, £2 9s. 6¾d.; Balderston, 12s. 9d.;
Billington, £1 18s. 11¼d.; Clayton-leDale, £1 5s. 5¾d.; Cuerdale, £1 4s. 5d.;
Over Darwen, £1 9s. 8¾d.; Lower
Darwen, £1 1s. 11¼d.; Great Harwood,
£2 8s. 10¼d.; Little Harwood, 14s. 10½d.;
Livesey and Tockholes, £1 18s. 3d.;
Mellor with Eccleshill, £1 5s. 5¾d.;
Osbaldeston, 9s. 11d.; Pleasington, £1
3s. 4½d.; Rishton, £1 5s. 5¾d.; Salesbury,
12s. 9d.; Samlesbury, £4 7s. 9½d.;
Walton-le-Dale, £3 19s. 3½d.; Wilpshire and Dinckley, 17s.; Witton,
||Act 8 Eliz. cap. 12.
||Abram, op. cit. 201.
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv,
91; they ceased during the winter.
||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
||Abram, op. cit. 195. A party of
raiders from Preston is said to have made
its way as far as Darwen.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 100. In the same work will be
found details regarding the following who
registered: Balderston—John Wilcock,
John Jackson of Preston, John Alker,
Alexander Osbaldeston of Sunderland,
William Harrison, John Gregson, Catherine Gregson, Henry Darwen; Billington—Anne Blackburn, Richard Craven,
John Rowbotham of Bloomsbury, Thomas
Bolton of Ribchester; Clayton-le-Dale—
John Jackson, Thomas Riding; Cuerdale
—Richard Coope, Edward Osbaldeston;
Dinckley—Richard Almond, Richard
Craven; Great Harwood—Richard Cunliffe; Osbaldeston—Richard Osbaldeston
of Wilpshire, Richard Wilson; Rishton—
Elizabeth Duckworth; Salesbury—Elizabeth Bolton; Samlesbury—Robert Brindle,
James and Margaret Turner, Hugh
Walmsley, William Gregson, Thomas
High, John and William Moulden, Anne
Cocker, Hugh Heatley, Anne Hoole;
Walton-le-Dale—George Connell, John
Gerard, Edmund Eastham, James Cowpe
Thomas Catterall, John Sherington,
James and John Woodcock, William
Oram, John Burscough, Matthew Worthington, John Adkinson of Cuerdale, Evan
Darwen, John Jackson, George Gregson;
||Abram, op. cit. 200.
||Ibid. 211, 230.
||Pennant, Tour to Alston Moor, 65–7.
The congregation of the parish church
consisted of about 2,000. The alum
mines were not then worked.
||Aikin, Country round Manch. 270–3.
||Abram, op. cit. 298.
||Ibid. 237. A list of bills 1776–97
is given; ibid. 241.
||Ibid. 243; the section from Blackburn
to Wigan was the last to be constructed.
||Ibid. 244; the line was extended
from Blackburn to Accrington in 1848.
Another railway, from Blackburn to
Darwen and Bolton, was opened in
1847–8, and was extended to Clitheroe
and Yorkshire. A line from Blackburn
to Chorley was opened in 1869.
||Ibid. 205. There was another disturbance in 1779; ibid. 217.
||Abram, Blackburn Characters, 19.
||Ibid. Blackburn, 233. It was a
time of acute distress, and some relief
work was provided by cutting a road
through the rock on the summit of
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 79.
||Abram, op. cit. 236.
||Adam son of Gilbert de Salesbury
early in the 13th century gave a rood of
land by Healey Spring in Salesbury to
God and the Blessed Mary of Blackburn
for the souls of his ancestors; Towneley
MS. RR, no. 297.
John de Blackburn again in 1321 left
4 lb. of wax a year for two torches to be
lighted at the high altar of St. Mary of
Blackburn at the time of the Elevation;
Whalley Couch. iv, 1168.
Peter Chorley of London in 1464 left
6s. 8d. to the church of the Blessed Mary
of Blackburn: Kuerden MSS. iv, C 10b.
||Palmer was also architect for various
restorations at Manchester Cathedral (then
Collegiate Church) in the early years of
the last century. As a Gothicist he was
in advance of his time.
||'The site of the old church was but
a few paces in the rear of the houses on
the south side of Church Street'; Abram,
Hist. of Blackburn, 302.
||'The church of the time of Edward
III had become impaired with age in the
reign of Henry VIII, when by the overturn of the monastery to which it was
attached it passed under new authority,
and shortly after that change, about 1540,
the upper portion of the church walls and
the roof were extensively renovated. The
nave and chancel were covered with
handsome roofs of timber with transverse
beams and panelled compartments and
the tracery and moulded heads of some of
the windows were replaced. With these
new features the main structure of the
former church was retained and lasted
until the final demolition of the ancient
fabric;' Abram, op. cit. 301.
||Ibid. 305. Originally the chantry of
||Ibid. 308–10. Pennant (Tour from
Downing to Alston Moor, 66–7) in 1773
mentions the monuments in the Osbaldeston chapel. There were two brasses,
one to Sir Edward Osbaldeston, 'a
charitable, courteous and valiant knight,'
died 1636, and another to a member of
the same family, died 1689.
||Abram, op. cit. 301.
||Burnett, Blackburn Parish Church, 44.
||Abram, op. cit. 306.
||The internal dimensions are: chancel
11 ft. long, nave 103 ft. by 28 ft., aisles
19 ft. wide, tower 15 ft. square. The
height of the tower to parapet is 86 ft. and
to the top of pinnacles 112 ft.; ibid. 308.
||The stalls were restored in 1906,
but the carvings were not interfered with.
They are described at length in Burnett,
op. cit. 212.
||There were five bells after 1690.
Originally there was a ring of six with
Latin inscription (given in Abram, op. cit.
308). The inscriptions on the existing
six older bells are: (1) 'When we ring
we merrily sing'; (2) 'Peace and good
neighbourhood'; (3) 'May the Church
of England ever flourish'; (4) 'We were
all cast at Gloucester by Abel Rudhall,
1737'; (5) 'The Rev. John Holme,
vicar'; (6, tenor) 'Thomas Martin, John
Cross, Henry Drewitt, Robert Whitacre,
churchwardens, 1747.' These bells remained in the old tower till 1832. Of
the later bells the fourth is a memorial
with the inscription: 'John Turner Hopwood, Esq., Barrister-at-law, Rockliffe
House, Blackburn, March 2nd, 1849.'
N. and Q. (ser. 4), vi, 525.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 286b.
Whalley Couch. i, 187–8. An old
list gives Adam as rector, then John his
son, then the Henry of the text, without
parentage named; Whitaker, Whalley, ii,
Whalley Couch. i, 75. Henry de
Lacy (d. 1177) also included 'a certain
benefice in the church of Whalley' which
his predecessors had granted to Blackburn
Church, and which John, a previous
rector, had had. Charles, Abbot of Stanlaw, gave Uctred, clerk of Whalley, the
plot of land in Whalley belonging to the
church of Blackburn; that, namely, which
Henry de Blackburn had held before the
abbey of Stanlaw had acquired a mediety
of the said church; Kuerden MSS. iii,
The above-named John may have been
the John, clerk of Blackburn, tenant of
land in Bolton in Bowland, which he
granted to Adam son of Henry de Blackburn; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
It will be noticed that Henry de Blackburn was a 'clerk,' and therefore capable
of holding an ecclesiastical benefice. It
appears that he was or had been married,
for Gilbert and Adam sons of Henry the
rector of Blackburn attested deeds to
which Henry himself was a witness;
Whalley Couch. 296, 1069. Adam
seems to have succeeded his father without difficulty, so that his legitimacy may
be presumed. Gilbert is supposed to be
the ancestor of the Rishton family.
||Ibid. i, 78. Gamaliel and Gilbert
are here named as predecessors in the
||Ibid. i, 79. Archbishop Richard
followed St. Thomas in 1174, so that the
date of the grant to Henry lies between
1174 and 1177.
||Ibid. 76. Adam de Blackburn
attested an ecclesiastical charter in 1193;
Roper, Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc.), i, 111. His
antecessor was probably the Richard clerk
of Blackburn who with Orm Dean of
Whalley attested an early Sawley charter,
circa 1146; Towneley MS. 'Fountains,
Whalley, Sawley' (in possession of
W. Farrer), p. 684. Henry de Blackburn might have divided his rectory soon
after receiving it, but, if the suggested
identification be correct, its date shows
that Richard's tenure was earlier than
that of Henry de Blackburn. Hence the
partition of the rectory was earlier.
||Dods. MSS. cxlix, fol. 6b.
Whalley Couch. i, 73–4. He gave
up the chapel of Walton-le-Dale to the
monks of Stanlaw; ibid. 83. This had
been part of the grant to Henry de
Henry and Roger, co-rectors of Blackburn, attested a grant by Adam de Salesbury quoted above; Towneley MS. RR,
In proof of the descents in the text
are alleged undated charters to which in
one case the witnesses included Henry
rector of Blackburn and Gilbert his son,
Adam rector of Blackburn and Roger his
son, and in another case Henry rector of
Blackburn and Adam his son; ibid. DD,
no. 1953, 1968.
Whalley Couch. i, 74. Adam, Richard,
William and Roger, sons of Roger the
rector of Blackburn, were in 1246 presented for having burned the Abbot of
Stanlaw's grange at Staining; Assize R.
404, m. 21.
Whalley Couch. iv, 1071.
||Ibid. 1073. The charter refers
to the 'sixth year after the interdict of
England ' as some time past. This lasted
from 1208 to 1214.
||He granted first the mediety which
Adam son of Henry held by two charters
(as above) before and after Adam's death
or resignation about 1235; ibid. 73–4.
He afterwards granted the mediety which
Roger son of Adam had held, desiring to
be buried at Stanlaw; ibid. 74.
Richard de Hulton released to John
de Lacy all his claim in one mediety
(probably that of Adam); ibid. 89.
||Ibid. 77. He also wished to be
buried at Stanlaw.
||This is not clear from the grants
recorded in the Coucher, but appears from
later accounts. The rectory glebe afterwards amounted to about 500 customary
acres, increased by allotment from the
waste in 1618 to 731 acres; Abram,
op. cit. 275.
||Bishop Alexander de Stavenby in
1230, and again in 1239, confirmed one
mediety, which was that previously held
by Adam; Whalley Couch. i, 82, 78.
Bishop Roger de Meuland in 1259; ibid.
80. The consents of the chapter of
Lichfield and the convent of Coventry
were also secured; ibid. 81–3.
||Ibid. 171–2. From these confirmations it may be gathered that the rector
of the first mediety died about 1236, his
place being taken by a chaplain, and the
rector of the second about 1259, when a
vicarage was ordained.
On the other hand, one mediety was
said to be vacant in 1242, when the king
as guardian of the Lacy estates presented
Martin de Littlebury; Cal. Pat. 1232–47,
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.),
Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 38. The
townships contributed thus: Blackburn,
28s. 8d.; Walton, £6 11s. 6d.; Cuerdale,
26s. 6d.; Samlesbury, £5 7s. 6d.; Balderston, 43s.; Osbaldeston, 28s. 8d.; Clayton,
21s. 6d.; Salesbury, 10s. 9d.; Dinckley
with Wilpshire, 28s. 11d.; Great Harwood, 32s. 2d.; Rishton, 21s. 6d.; Little
Harwood, 13s. 4d.; Mellor with Eccleshill, 24s. 10d.; Livesey, 28s. 8d.; Pleasington, 7s. 8d.; Witton, 7s. 2d.; Over
Darwen, 17s.; Billington, 57s. 4d.; Nether
Darwen, 32s. 4d. This should amount to
£33 8s. 11d., but is 1d. more. There were
no merchants or others liable to contribute
the fifteenth of their goods.
||Abram, op. cit. 273.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 229;
the rents of glebe lands came to £10, the
tithe corn and hay produced £44, other
tithes £4, oblations and Easter Roll
£16 6s. 8d. The vicar's proper pension
was £26 13s. 4d. and this was paid in
1538; Abram, loc. cit.
||Pat. 1 Edw. VI, pt. ii.
||Abram, op. cit. 275, 284.
||About 1536; Whalley Couch. iv,
1222–4. In 1616, 1650, 1684; Abram,
op. cit. 275–8.
||Ibid. 279–82. There is an account
of this and other ecclesiastical charities in
the End. Char. Rep. for Blackburn, 1904.
||Capt. Feilden of Witton Park is the
present lay rector.
||Abram, op. cit. 284–5.
||This appears by a decree of Alexander IV in 1261; Whalley Couch. i,
||Ibid. 85. Confirmations were obtained from the convent of Coventry and
the chapter of Lichfield (ibid. 86–7); also
from the Archbishop of Canterbury in
1280 (ibid. 88).
Valor Eccl. v, 230; he paid 8s. 10d.
to the Bishop of Chester, 23s. to the archdeacon for synodals and procurations and
20s. as rent.
In 1618 on the division of the waste
the vicar received an addition of 22 acres
to the glebe; Gastrell, Notitia Cestr.
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 276.
||The list is given in Abram, op. cit.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 159; Plund. Mins.
Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 70.
The augmentation does not seem to have
been paid till 1656; ibid. ii, 116 129,
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 96, 116, 234. The stipend
was provided out of the sequestered estates
of Sir Thomas Tyldesley and Lord Morley
and then out of the rectory of Blackburn. Briscoe held the lectureship till the
Restoration; he was also minister of
Walmesley in Bolton.
||Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 275. A terrier
made in 1663 is printed in Abram, Blackburn, 291. A new vicarage was built in
1680. A list of tenants in 1706 is printed
||Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 274. The vicar
nominated to all the chapelries. The
Osbaldestons, and then the Claytons of
Little Harwood, had the right of appointing the parish clerk. The four churchwardens were appointed by Livesey,
Osbaldeston, Warren of Dinckley and
the rector. There were four assistants.
||Abram, op. cit. 297.
Manch. Dioc. Dir.
Lond. Gaz. 5 Aug. 1859. The
Bishop of Manchester presented in 1854.
Whalley Couch. i, 95.
||Ibid. 96–7. In 1309 he had the
bishop's licence to go on pilgrimage for a
year; Lich. Epis. Reg. i, fol. 57.
||Ibid. fol. 85; he is described as a
||Ibid. fol. 87; a chaplain.
||Ibid. ii, fol. 104; a priest. This
vicar appears a number of times as trustee
or otherwise; Whalley Couch. iv, 949,
1034 (1337), 1082 (1342); also Towneley
MS. DD, no. 1210 (1349). He is said
to have been vicar in 1356.
In 1345, being styled Dean of Blackburnshire, he was accused of having taken
fines by extortion; Assize R. 430, m. 28.
Lawrence son of John the vicar of Blackburn was charged with assault; ibid.
m. 25 d.
||The date of institution is from
Whitaker; Whalley, ii, 312. This vicar
has been confused with his namesake,
Abbot of Whalley, 1342–77.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. iv, fol. 85. On
10 Oct. 1387 the bishop granted the vicar
licence to absolve his parishioners; ibid.
vi, fol. 123. Wetherby's name occurs a
number of times in local deeds. In 1404
he was trustee for Thomas Livesey of
Feniscowles; Whitaker, loc. cit.
||Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 152.
He is called Geoffrey Hesketh in a
deed of 1424–5 in Towneley MS. HH,
no. 1712. He occurs in 1425 and 1429;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 46; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 30.
In 1451 the Bishop of Lichfield sent
word to the vicar of Blackburn that he
had received the Peter's pence which had
been in arrears in Blackburn parish, by
the hands of William Starkie and Henry
Grimshaw; Towneley MS. DD, no.
||Lich. Epis. Reg. xi, fol. 43b; a
monk of Whalley.
||Ibid. xii, fol. 122b; a monk of
||Ibid. xiii-xiv, fol. 35. He compounded for first-fruits 12 Feb. 1535–6;
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. ii, 407. He was
said to have sympathized with the risings
of 1536–7, promising to bear the cross
before the insurgents should they come
into Lancashire; L. and P. Hen. VIII,
xii (1), 853. He resigned for a pension
and afterwards lived with Sir John Byron;
Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 312. For the 'ornaments' of the church in 1552 see Ch.
Goods (Chet. Soc.), 119.
||The church papers at Chester Dioc.
Reg. begin with this institution.
||The presentation is dated 20 Mar.
1561–2, so that Hargreaves must have
been deprived earlier. John Hulton was
of the Farnworth family; the name is
also spelt Hilton or Hylton. His degree
of B.D. is given in the record of his
successor's appointment. His will, dated
and proved in 1582, ordered burial at
Blackburn and provided numerous legacies for relatives, including a Geneva Bible
to Roger Grundy, one of his executors.
He left half his books to his nephew John
Grundy (a student) and the other half to
||In 1590 he was reputed to be 'a
preacher,' but 'not painful'; S. P. Dom.
Eliz. xxxi, 47. He was buried at Blackburn 18 Apr. 1628.
||Act Bks. at Chester Dioc. Reg.;
Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 313, quoting Add.
MS. 6094, fol. 59. He was buried at
Blackburn 22 May 1628
||Act Bks. The entries in the Institution books, P.R.O., begin here;
they have been printed in Lancs. and
Ches. Antiq. Notes. Adam Bolton was educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf.; B.A. 1626;
Foster, Alumni. He readily adopted the
Presbyterian discipline in 1646, becoming
a member of the classis. He died soon
On 26 Mar. 1647 it was ordered that
Robert Worthington, ' a godly and orthodox divine,' should act as vicar; Plund.
Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 51. It is not known whether he was
instituted, for on 21 May Leonard
Clayton was appointed to the vicarage,
'void by death'; ibid. i, 54.
||He was educated at St. Mary Hall,
Oxford; M.A. 1642; Foster, Alumni.
He was described as 'godly and orthodox'
at his appointment in 1647, but the appointment of a lecturer soon afterwards
may indicate that Clayton was not found
sufficiently zealous, or was otherwise unequal for the place. In 1649, however,
he was considered 'an able and painful
divine'; Abram, op. cit. 288. In
Aug. 1660 the parishioners sent a
petition to the king, asking for the confirmation of Clayton's title, stating that
he was 'a man of able parts . . . very
industrious and painful in his calling and
pious in his conversation, as also one that
is faithful and hath testified good affection
to your Sacred Majesty'; ibid. 289. He
was confirmed, and retained the benefice
till his death in Oct. 1677. In 1674
he was appointed to the rectory of Stockport also; Earwaker, East Ches. i, 392.
||Two separate presentations were
made, on 25 Oct. and 23 Nov.; no
reason is assigned for the king's interference. Francis Price was educated at
University Coll., Oxf.; B.A. 1662. He
rebuilt the vicarage 1680.
||Abram, op. cit. 294.
||Educated at Christ Church, Oxf.;
M.A. 1734, D.D. 1745; Foster,
Alumni. He was son of Archbishop
Potter, who in 1739 procured for him
the sinecure rectory of Elme with Emneth, and in 1742 presented him to the
vicarage of Lydd and rectory of Chiddingstone, he resigning Blackburn. He became
Dean of Canterbury in 1766 and died in
1770; Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 313–14.
||Rector of Elmley. He was educated at Merton and Oriel Colls., Oxf.;
M.A. 1722, B.D. 1735; Foster, Alumni.
||Brother of Gilbert White of Selborne, and himself a naturalist. He died
21 Nov. 1780, aged fifty-three, and was
buried under the communion table;
||Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.,
of which he was elected fellow, graduating
as senior wrangler in 1771; M.A. 1774.
There is a full memoir of this vicar in
Abram, op. cit. 297–9.
||The historian of Whalley, Craven,
&c. Also vicar of Whalley (q.v.) 1809–22.
||Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.,
of which he was elected fellow; M.A.
1817, D.D. 1830. He won fame as a
Hebraist, and was one of the founders of
the Astronomical Society. In 1852 he
was appointed hon. canon of Manchester.
For a notice of his life and works see
Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 314–16; Dict. Nat.
||This vicar has been noticed already
as rector of Prestwich, 1847–54; on
being appointed to Blackburn he resigned
the archdeaconry of Manchester.
||Educated at St. John's Coll., Camb.;
M.A. 1844. He was rector of St.
Saviour's, Manchester, 1836–68. In 1878
he was appointed Archdeacon of Blackburn. He was 'decidedly Evangelical';
see notice in Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston),
||Educated at Trinity Coll., Camb.;
M.A. 1868, D.D. 1878. He held
several benefices before being appointed
Bishop of Nassau in 1878, and on resigning in 1885 became vicar of Milford,
Hants. He died 9 Feb. 1901.
||The date is that of induction. Dr.
Thornton was educated at Queen's Coll.,
Oxf., of which he was fellow; M.A.
1858, D.D. 1874. Formerly incumbent
of St. Jude, Whitechapel, 1860; rector
of St. George, Birmingham, 1864; and
Bishop of Ballarat 1875–1900.
Clergy List (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
||These and later details are from the
visitation lists preserved at Chester.
||See the list of vicars, and Gee,
||He was named with Vaux, Allen
and others of the obnoxious clergy in
1568; Gibson, Lydiate Hall, 200, 208,
quoting S. P. Dom. Eliz. xlviii, 367. He
occurs again in 1570; ibid. 212. In
1576 the Bishop of Chester reported him
as 'obstinate'; Abram, op. cit. 78.
Robert Singleton of Brockholes was in
1583 charged with having given notice to
James Hargreaves, priest, to hide himself,
as his arrest was determined on; Exch.
Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 2.
Vaux's Catechism (Chet. Soc.), Introd. p. lxxvii; Gibson, op. cit. 237.
||He afterwards took sides with his
former chief; Gibson, loc. cit.
Ches. Sheaf (Ser. 3), i, 34–5.
||The visitation list gives another
name, Edward Bolton, but the note 'in
France' is added. The same four names
occur in the list of 1565, so that the old
staff of fifteen had been effectually reduced.
Parker Corres. (Parker Soc.), 222.
It is not clear that by 'curate' Pilkington meant the vicar.
||The registers show baptisms of their
||Dr. Halley states that he resigned
on account of his 'ignorance, negligence,
and utter incompetence,' but gives no
reference; Lancs. Puritanism, i, 114.
||He signed the address of the
preachers of Manchester to the Archbishop of York in 1590, counselling great
tenderness in dealing with the Puritan
extremists; Chet. Misc. (Chet. Soc.), v.
||At the 1592 visitation it was reported that he did 'not use to wear the
surplice at any time,' and he was ordered
to conform himself. 'On 16 Sept. 1596
he personally appeared before the commissioners at Chester, when he answered that
he neither did nor would refuse to wear
the surplice if the same was fit and
tendered to him in good sort'; Baines,
Lancs. (ed. Croston), iv, 9. Whatever
may have been the meaning of this
excuse or evasion, he was again prosecuted in 1604 and 1605 for not wearing
the surplice; Visit. Records at Chester.
||Some extracts from the minute book
are printed in Whitaker's Whalley (ed.
Nichols), i, 220–2.
||Archbishop Sancroft's endowment
to provide a remedy is mentioned in the
||In 1717 there were seven chapels,
served by three curates: one each for
Harwood and Langho, Darwen and
Tockholes, Walton and Samlesbury;
Balderstone was served once a month by
the same curates in turn; Gastrell, op.
cit. ii, 281–2.
Lond. Gaz. 17 Aug. 1877.
||Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 152;
the name of the priest is wrongly given
as Usherwood. The chantry is noticed in
Valor Eccl. v, 230; William Rishton was
then incumbent, but his stipend is wrongly
given as 66s. 8d.
Robert Shuttleworth of Hacking in
1509 had the right of nominating a fit
person to the chantry in the parish church
of Blackburn; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
||Raines, op. cit. 154; Valor Eccl.
loc. cit. (66s. 8d. income).
The foundation deed is printed in full
in Whitaker's Whalley, ii, 322–5. Edmund Bolton was to be the first cantarist,
and his successors were to be secular
priests, able to 'sing both prick song and
plain song,' and having a 'sight in
descant.' They were bound to say mass
every holiday and 'to sing mass of Our
Lady to note' every Saturday; and once
a quarter were with their scholars to sing
a solemn dirge, with Requiem mass next
morning; every Wednesday or Friday
they were to say mass of Jesus or of the
Five Wounds, and to say mass on other
days of the week if 'well disposed
thereto.'The time of service was to be
8 a.m. from Easter to Michaelmas and
10 a.m. the rest of the year.
Part of the lands were sold by the
Crown in 1591; Pat. 33 Eliz. pt. xi. A
division of the 'quire' on the south side
of the chancel was made by arbitration in
1612; the southern half was assigned to
Sir Thomas Walmesley and the northern
half to John Talbot; Towneley MS.
HH, no. 2230.
||This grant was made by the
daughters and co-heirs of Christopher
Catlow of Oswaldtwistle; Kuerden fol.
MS. 154, 387.
||Abram, op. cit. 312–49, gives a
full account. A report on its state in
1675–6 is printed in Local Glean. Lancs.
and Ches. ii, 116. See also Records of
Blackburn School (Chet. Soc., new
||In 1718 the charitable endowments
amounted to about £240, all invested in
landed security, except £25 in the vicar's
hands and £13 in John Sudell's; Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 280. See the account of
the Poor's Land.