||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 385. The
grant included Twiston, 2 oxgangs in
Clitheroe, Great Mitton, Aighton, and
other lands to be held by the service due
for the moiety of a knight's fee.
||Ibid. 386. Downham, or part, was
||See the account of Aighton. In 1242
Ralph de Mitton held the fourth part of
a knight's fee in Aighton, Mearley and
Livesey; it pertained to the dower of the
countess; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 150. Ralph
and Jordan were names used in the
Mitton family. Richard Nowell was
among the tenants of the same fourth
part in 1355; Feudal Aids, iii, 88.
||This name occurs at Clitheroe, Mearley, Twiston and Downham.
||Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. II, no. 43. Adam
Nowell of Mearley alleged that Jordan
son of Ralph le Rous was formerly lord
of the lands and chase of Blackburnshire;
that he granted to Stephen de Mearley,
great-grandfather of the plaintiff, the
manor of Great Mearley, with liberty
to take wood for burning and building
from the woods of Sabden and Pendleton,
and with liberty of chase within the manor,
viz. between Sabden Brook and Remingden
Brook. The demesne heys were excepted,
but animals might be followed into them,
though without bow and arrow, as far as a
horn could be heard. After the forfeiture
of Thomas Earl of Lancaster in 1322,
Adam's rights had been interfered with,
and on his complaint the king directed
an inquiry in 1326. The descent is then
given thus: Stephen -s. and h. Adam
Nowell -s. and h. Roger -s. and h. Adam,
the plaintiff. The jury found for the
plaintiff, stating that the service due for
the manor and chase was 20d. for ward of
Lancaster Castle, finding a plough to
plough for one day in Lent in the demesne
of Standen, and a reaper to reap one day
in autumn; the ploughmen to have 4d.
for their day's food and the reaper 1½d.
||Ralph le Rous, the original grantee,
was living about 1140, so that if he was
the same as the Ralph father of Jordan
the gift to Stephen de Mearley may be
dated about the time of Richard I.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 82. A Ralph de Mearley, who
may have been the father of Eve, about
the same time attested a grant by Alexander the chaplain of Clitheroe to Geoffrey
son of Jordan of land in Mearley, which
he had received from the Lady Agnes de
Mearley; a rent of 8d. was to be paid on
St. Oswald's Day; Add. MS. 32104, fol.
140b. From this it appears that Agnes
held in her own right, so that the Adam
her son may be the Adam Nowell described
in the above-cited petition as son and heir
of Stephen de Mearley. If so he would
be grandson, not son, and this would make
the descent more probable.
Final Conc. i, 181. Roger Nowell
married Elizabeth daughter and co-heir of
Richard Fitton; see the account of Great
Harwood. A Robert Nowell occurs at
Clitheroe in 1274; Coram Rege R. 12,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 318.
||Ibid. ii, 13. In the same year he
made a claim against William son of
Alice de la Green (in Colne) for waste in
a tenement in Great Mearley. William
had pulled down a chamber, grange and
ox-house, and the jury awarded £20, as
treble damages; De Banco R. 187, m.
41 d.; 195, m. 203 d.
||This appears from his claim of 1326
In 1302 Adam Nowell obtained a messuage and the moiety of a mill in Great
Mearley from (his father) Roger Nowell;
the remainder, in default of issue, was to
Adam's brother Roger; Final Conc. i, 199.
||Adam Nowell in 1327 granted half
his manor of Great Mearley to Richard
his son and Joan his wife; Towneley MS.
DD, no. 591. Adam Nowell and Richard
his son occur in 1341; ibid. no. 607. In
1342 Robert son of Sir Adam de Clitheroe
gave to Adam Nowell Thistleridding in
Mearley at a rent of 6s. 8d.; ibid. no.
920. This may be the Thistleridding in
Clitheroe afterwards held by the Radcliffes
||In 1331 Adam son of Roger Nowell
gave a rent of 4s. to his son Richard 'the
elder'; ibid. no. 606. In the following
year Richard surrendered to Adam his
father 2 acres by a deed to which Richard
son of Roger Nowell was a witness; ibid.
no. 610. This may be the Richard 'the
younger' whose existence is implied by
the former deed. One Richard Nowell
complained in 1331 of depasturing in
Mearley by John Hitchcock; De Banco
R. 284, m. 64. Richard and William
Nowell were indicted for disturbing
Clitheroe market in 1350; Assize R.
430, m. 2.
||Richard appears in 1357; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 336.
||De Banco R. 411, m. 54; the estates
were in Great Mearley, Harwood, Church,
Worston, Rishton and Tottleworth.
||In 1364 a jury found that Lawrence
Nowell had free chase in his manor of
Mearley; Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 260.
Lawrence (son of Richard) Nowell and
Katherine his wife are named in 1353;
Assize R. 435, m. 11. Lawrence son of
Richard Nowell in 1351 made a grant
to Roger son of Adam son of Stephen
del Rodes; Dunkenhalgh D. His wife
Katherine was a daughter and co-heir of
John del Clough of Read; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 3, m. 6.
Final Conc. ii, 169. A number of
deeds about the exchange have been preserved by Towneley; Add. MS. 32104,
fol. 156; DD, no. 593, &c. The transactions lasted until 1368. Lawrence's
relationship to Richard is not stated in
these deeds. John son of Lawrence
Nowell in 1378–9 released all actions
against Sir Richard de Greenacres; ibid.
||In 1377 Sir Richard had two sons
John and Richard; ibid. no. 592. His
wife was Joan daughter of John del Clough,
and she afterwards married Roger de
Edelston, who was 'of Mearley' in
1385–6; Cal. Pat. 1385–9, pp. 31, 55.
||Henry son of John Worsley occurs
in 1418; Final Conc. iii, 74.
||DD, no. 1473; this refers to Great
Mearley only. Joan is here called one of
the daughters and heirs of Sir Richard
||Ibid. no. 1475; this refers to Twiston
and Downham. Richard Worsley died
in 1463 holding a third part of the manor
of Great Mearley of the king as Earl of
Lincoln by knight's service and 6d. rent;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 75, 76.
||The statement of descent is that
given by Dodsworth from a declaration
by Richard Radcliffe in answer to a writ
of Quo Warranto concerning his free chase
in Great Mearley; Pal. of Lanc. Writs
Proton. 13 Hen. VII. The pedigree runs
thus: Sir Richard Greenacres -s. Richard
-dau. Agnes, mar. William Radcliffe -s.
William -s. Richard, 1498; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 109b.
William Radcliffe in 1434 gave a rent
of 40s. a year from his manor of Mearley
to his son William; Add. MS. 32104,
no. 724. The Radcliffe feoffees in 1438
gave to William Radcliffe the younger of
Todmorden and Agnes his wife all the
lands in Twiston and Mearley; ibid.
fol. 176b, no. 740. William Radcliffe in
1451 made a feoffment of all his share of
the manor of Great Mearley; ibid. no. 723.
In the same year Richard Worsley of
Mearley and William Radcliffe of the same,
seised of the manor of Great Mearley,
agreed as to closes called Oxhey, the
Vyners, &c.; ibid. no. 658 (fol. 153b).
The heirs of Worsley in 1494 released
to Richard Radcliffe all their right in
Great Mearley; ibid. no. 747.
A petition is extant from William Radcliffe the younger and his cousin Worsley
of the parish of Clitheroe addressed to
the Bishop of Winchester, Cardinal of
England, and complaining of an assault
upon them by Thomas son of Sir Thomas
Radcliffe and a number of armed men.
It seems that Thomas was killed; Towneley MS. RR, no. 90. This must be dated
1426, when the Bishop of Winchester
(Beaufort) was cardinal and chancellor.
In 1499 Richard Radcliffe and Charles
his son and heir granted Butterley in
Great Mearley to John Radcliffe, a son
of Richard, for ninety-nine years; ibid.
no. 52. An arbitration as to this lease
was made in 1540; DD, no. 636. Butterley was an approvement made in the
time of Edward III; ibid. no. 614.
||For the descent see the account of
Todmorden. Richard Radcliffe died in
1502 holding twenty-two messuages, &c.,
in Great and Little Mearley of the king
as duke by the fourteenth part of a
knight's fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iii, no. 94. His son Charles in 1536
held by knight's service and 12d. rent;
ibid. viii, no. 35. His grandson Charles
in 1590 held by the fortieth part of a
knight's fee and 2d. rent; ibid. xv, no. 24;
see also xvii, no. 45. Charles Radcliffe
had in 1572 assigned the Great Oxhey
and three wheatfields in Great Mearley
to the use of his son Henry; Add. MS.
32104, no. 661; see also Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 7; 57, m. 43.
||Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 111. The
following are references to later recoveries
and fines: Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 451,
m. 2 (Elizabeth Radcliffe, 1690); 461,
m. 7 (1695); 473, m. 8 (1701). This
last refers to the manors of Great Mearley
and Pendleton, the deforciants to the fine
being Roger Mainwaring the younger,
Elizabeth his wife, Savill Radcliffe and
Mary his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 246, m. 119.
There were serious family disputes
in 1680–5; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xi,
App. ii, 244.
||Allan Harrison was vouchee in a
recovery of the manor in 1738; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 546, m. 3.
||Abstract of title.
Trans. Burnley Lit. and Scient. Club,
Final Conc. i, 181. Four messuages,
half the mill, &c. Roger the younger
had claimed them the year before; De
Banco R. 110, m. 222 d.
Final Conc. i, 206. The remainders
were to heirs by Elizabeth and to Simon
de Balderston. Richard de Morley in
1306 claimed a messuage in Great Mearley against Roger son of Michael de
Birkin; De Banco R. 160, m. 180. The
Morleys are more closely identified with
the manor of Wennington in Lonsdale,
acquired by marriage about 1350.
The alienation led to disputes between
the Nowell and Morley families. In 1331
Adam Nowell and his son Richard the
elder agreed as to Roger son of Roger
Nowell's improvements, &c., with John
de Dinelay, Elizabeth Mauncel and John
de Morley; DD, no. 604. Ten years
later Richard the elder, son of Adam
Nowell, released the rent of 6s. 2½d. due
from Elizabeth widow of Richard de
Morley and John the son and heir of
Richard; ibid. no. 605. In 1346 Richard
Nowell granted to John de Morley the
moiety of the water-mill with the watercourse of Thirse Clough; ibid. no. 609.
In 1357 Richard made an attempt to
recover the lands which Roger had alienated; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 3 d.;
Assize R. 438, m. 14 d. He alleged that
one Adam Nowell in the time of Edward I
gave them to Roger Nowell and Elizabeth
his wife -s. Adam -s. Richard, plaintiff.
||Coram Rege R. 254, m. 45 d. John
son of William son of Helewise was
found guilty and hanged for it.
||In 1507 the estate consisted of six
messuages, &c., in Great and Little
Mearley held of the king as duke by the
sixth part of a knight's fee; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 34. In the other
inquisitions the tenure is similarly described. Oldfield in Great Mearley is
named in one of them as a part of the
estate; ibid. iii, no. 89.
||John Hoghton and Miles Aspinall
in 1574 obtained three messuages, &c.,
in Great Mearley from Thomas Morley,
Elizabeth his wife and Elizabeth Morley,
widow; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 36,
m. 227. This may have referred to a
mortgage leading to a sale.
John Hoghton of Pendleton died in
1583 holding two messuages in Mearley
of the queen by knight's service; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 14.
Miles Aspinall died in 1606 holding
an estate in Great Mearley by the
twentieth part of a knight's fee and 3d.
rent; it had first been acquired on lease
to James Aspinall from Thomas Morley
of Wennington in 1535 and from his son
Thomas in 1562; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 40; Ducatus
Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 73; iii, 122. In
1598 James Aspinall obtained a messuage,
&c., in Great Mearley from Thomas
Hoghton, Katherine his wife and Mary
Singleton, widow; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 60, m. 92. Miles's son James
Aspinall was aged about forty at his
father's death, and died in 1635 holding
a messuage in Great Mearley, and leaving daughters and their issue to inherit.
These were Agnes (aged forty) late wife
of John Halstead, Catherine (thirty) wife
of Francis Webster, daughters of James,
Thomas Rigby (twenty) son and heir of
Mary daughter of James, John Ryley
(fifteen) son and heir of Margaret daughter
of James; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxvii, no. 24. James Aspinall of Mearley
compounded in 1631 for refusing
knighthood by a fine of £13 6s. 8d.;
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
||Ralph son of Peter Clough died in
1605 holding a tenement in Mearley of the
king as duke by the four-hundredth part
of a knight's fee. He left a son and heir
Ralph, aged two; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc.), i, 41. For a Clough family dispute
see Ducatus Lanc. iii, 415, 455.
The Tattersall family had a messuage,
&c., in Clitheroe and Mearley in the time
of Henry VII; ibid. i, 123.
The subsidy roll of 1581 names James
Asmall and Christopher Nowell as paying
for their lands; and that of 1600 likewise records Christopher Nowell, Elizabeth his mother, James Asmall and
John Bayley as landholders; Lay Subs.
Lancs. bdle. 131, no. 235, 274.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 151. It
belonged to the dower of the Countess
of Lincoln, like Great Mearley.
||Harl. MS. 2077, fol. 326. The
deed was in the custody of John Nowell
of Little Mearley in 1652.
||Cur. Reg. R. 130, m. 13. The
jury found that Ellis had held the 2
oxgangs on the day of his marriage with
Margery, and that John de Lacy had
unjustly occupied the land and enfeoffed
William Marshal. It was therefore
ordered that Margery should be compensated out of other lands of Edmund de
Lacy the heir, who was under age.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 13. Heriz
seems here and elsewhere to represent
Ralph le Rous.
||Lansdowne Feodary in Baines' Lancs.
(ed. 1870), ii, 693.
A note in the Shireburne abstract book
at Leagram, of unknown origin, states
the heirs of Robert (? William) Heriz
were four daughters—Elizabeth married
to — Nowell, Margaret to Robert de
Morley, Katherine to Robert de Gazegill
(Gaskell) and Agnes to Richard de Langley. In 1344 Elizabeth daughter of
William Heriz gave all her part of Little
Mearley to John son of Richard de
Morley; ibid. The Gazegill share
appears to have been acquired by the
Shireburnes of Stonyhurst (ibid.), but no
tenure is recorded in their inquisitions.
See note 44 below.
Feudal Aids, iii, 88.
||Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. III, pt. 1, no. 122.
John de Morley, Richard Nowell and
John de Greenacres the tenth part of a
fee in 1361. Also in 1378 John de
Morley, John Nowell and John de Greenacres held the tenth part of a fee and
the heirs of Hugh de Mearley the fiftysixth part; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks.
cxxx, fol. 20.
||The Nowells named in the preceding
note may have been of Great Mearley,
but others of the name occur in the
neighbourhood. Thus in 1357, in a
Pendleton settlement, Agnes daughter of
John Nowell of Great Mearley put in a
claim; Final Conc. ii, 154. John son of
Richard Nowell in 1318–19 gave to
Richard de Morley, Elizabeth his wife
and John their son lands in Great
Mearley; Towneley MS. HH, no.
William Nowell occurs in 1377–8;
ibid. no. 734. In 1384–5 Robert de
Henthorn gave lands in Worston to
Thomas son of William Nowell, John
Nowell of Read being a witness; ibid.
no. 729; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 3 (John
was another son). In 1406 Robert son
of William Nowell gave his brother John
Nowell all his lands in Worston; HH,
no. 731. John Nowell occurs in 1396–7;
||Roger Nowell was a juror in 1425;
Farrer, op. cit. 12. John son and heir
of John Clitheroe in 1443–4 released
to Roger son of John Nowell all his right
in lands in Little Mearley, Clitheroe and
Worston which his father had had by the
gift of John Nowell; HH, no. 724.
This John appears to be the John
Nowell of Worston of the preceding
Roger Nowell of Mearley was defendant
in 1443–5; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m.
9; 7, m. 8. The feoffees in 1455–6
granted to Roger Nowell of Mearley all
lands; HH, no. 722. In the same year
he gave Almscroft in Clitheroe to feoffees;
ibid. no. 736. He had in 1431–2 given
part of a burgage in Marketgate in
Clitheroe to Thomas Brown; ibid. no.
In 1445–6 Thomas Booth and Agnes
his wife, late wife of William Morley,
held the tenth part of a knight's fee in
Little Mearley; while the same Thomas
and Agnes, Roger Nowell and William
Gazegill held the fiftieth part of a fee
formerly Hugh de Mearley's; Duchy of
Lanc. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20.
||Letters of fraternity with Walsoken
Hospital were in 1470–1 granted by the
warden, brethren and poor men thereof
to Henry Nowell and Joan his wife;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 993. In 1480
Henry Nowell gave a moiety of his land
in Little Mearley to his son Roger, on
his marriage with Ellen daughter of
Christopher Lister; HH, no. 726, 728.
In 1486–7, on a partition of messuages and
lands in the township, the inheritance of
Robert Harris (Heriz) was sought by Henry
Nowell, Robert Morley, John Morley
and William Gazegill; Pal. of Lanc.
Writs Proton. 2 Hen. VII. In 1504–5
Sir Richard Shireburne gave to Henry
Nowell the elder all the lands in Little
Mearley which had lately belonged to
William Gazegill; HH, no. 742.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no.
65, 76. Roger the son and heir was
forty years old in 1508. Roger died in
1530 holding the manor of Little
Mearley of the king by the tenth part of
a fee and 9½d. rent. His son Christopher,
who married Juliana, was forty years of
age; ibid. vi, no. 35. In 1513 Joan
daughter of Roger Nowell married John
son and heir of John Goodday of Aighton;
GG, no. 970. In 1516 William Dinelay
of Downham agreed with Roger Nowell,
Ellen his wife and Christopher his son
respecting the marriage of his daughter
Anne with Christopher's son William;
ibid. no. 969. Lawrence Nowell, another
son of Roger's, is also named; ibid. no.
980. Roger Nowell held 2 oxgangs of
land in Worston; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R.
i, 78, 90.
||Christopher Nowell died in 1546
holding the manor of Little Mearley and
Morley Hey in Great Mearley in socage
by 9½d. rent. His heir was a son Roger,
aged twenty-two, so that William named
above must have died. Roger's wife
Elizabeth and another son Alexander are
named; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
vii, no. 20. Roger Nowell complained of
trespass in 1550; Ducatus Lanc. i, 242.
A pedigree was recorded in 1567;
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 33. Roger Nowell
and Elizabeth his wife made a feoffment
of the manor, &c., in 1575; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 37, m. 162.
Roger's son Christopher was contracted
to marry Eleanor daughter of Hugh
Shuttleworth, but she died, and Sir
Richard Shireburne was arbitrator in
later disputes; GG, no. 937, 949, 977.
Christopher was in 1576 engaged to
marry Elizabeth daughter of Thomas
Walmesley of Showley; ibid. no. 938,
947, 951. Roger's daughter Anne was
in 1578 to marry George son of Nicholas
Talbot of Carr; ibid. no. 941–3.
Another daughter Mary married William
Walter; ibid. no. 976. John Nowell
son of Roger is also named; ibid. no.
Roger Nowell died in 1579 holding the
manor of Little Mearley by the tenth
part of a knight's fee; also messuages
and a mill in Great and Little Mearley.
His son Christopher was thirty years of
age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no.
79. Soon afterwards Christopher made
agreement with Elizabeth Nowell, the
widow; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 98; GG, no.
939 (wrongly dated), 944. The will of
Roger Nowell of Mearley (dated 1579
and proved 1580) is printed in Wills
(Chet. Soc. new ser.), i, 71.
In 1586 Christopher Nowell made an
agreement with Richard and Robert
Walmesley respecting land in Little
Mearley; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
48, m. 37. Warrant was given to admit
him to land called Mearley Bank; Lancs.
and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 265, 242. A deed by
Christopher Nowell in 1600 mentioned
his wife Elizabeth and his children
William, Henry, Alexander, Charles,
Anne, &c.; GG, no. 936. Whitaker's
pedigree gives two Christophers in
Christopher died in 1628, and his son
William, then forty-nine, died in 1637,
leaving three sons: Thomas, aged twentyfour, Charles and William; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 60; xxix, no.
44. In 1631 William Nowell and
Thomas his son had granted the capital
messuage of Little Mearley to feoffees;
GG, no. 973. In 1642 there is mention
of John Nowell of Little Mearley and
Anne widow of John Nowell of Gazegill
in Rimington; ibid. no. 987. Captain
Nowell of Mearley, a Parliamentarian,
led several foot companies of Blackburn
Hundred at the attack on Preston in
1643; Civil War Tracts (Chet. Soc.),
74. John Nowell of Mearley was in
1651 a claimant for the manor of Mellor
in right of his wife Elizabeth daughter
and co-heir of Thomas Southworth; Cal.
Com. for Comp. iv, 2621. In 1664
John Nowell of Mearley was erroneously
said to have married Elizabeth daughter
of Richard Walmesley of Showley and
granddaughter of Thomas Southworth;
Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 328; Abram,
Blackburn, 662. Allegations and depositions respecting the will of William
Nowell of Mearley 1664 are preserved in
the Diocesan Registry at Chester.
||The pedigree in Whitaker (Whalley,
ii, 113) is inaccurate for the 17th century.
It shows a daughter of the Nowells to
have married William Appleton, leaving
a son Nowell Appleton (will, 1698), who
left a daughter Margaret Sheppard (will,
1757), childless. The inheritance then
went to a cousin Anne (daughter of
William son of William) Appleton, wife
of Thomas Preston, whose great-grandson William Preston took in 1840 the
additional surname of Holt, and left in
1857 a son Thomas Preston-Holt to
inherit. See notes ibid. 112.
Ann Townsend, widow, held the
manor in 1794; Preston Guard. Loc.
Sketches, no. 1126.
||Whitaker, Whalley (ed. 4), ii, 111.
||Probably from the abbot's lodgings.
||Some of it now forms the window
of an outhouse.
||Farrer, op. cit. 175.
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. cliii,
G 7. Nowell asserted that in addition to
his right as a copyholder in the commons
of Worston he had common in right of
Mearley because of vicinage, and his
cattle used to go from the waste and
moor of Great Mearley to the waste and
moor of Worston without let or disturbance.
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. ii, 274, 277;
Towneley MS. GG, no. 1654.