Townships
Pendleton

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Victoria County History

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William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors)

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1911

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392-396

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'Townships: Pendleton', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 392-396. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53139 Date accessed: 02 August 2014.


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PENDLETON

Peniltune, Dom. Bk.; Penilton, 1241; Penelton, 1246; Penhulton, 1311; Standen, 1258.

This township occupies part of the south-western slope of Pendle Hill, the altitudes varying from 1,500 ft. above sea level on the east to 200 ft. on the west. The township is peculiar in including the two districts of Pendleton Hall on the north side and Standen and Standen Hey on the west, formerly extra-parochial. About the centre of the township at a height of 700 ft. is the hamlet of Wymondhouses, lower down, to the north-west, is the hamlet of Pendleton. On the south-east border stands part of Sabden. The area of Pendleton is 1,923 acres, that of Pendleton Hall 234½, and that of Standen and Standen Hey 668½—2,826 in all. (fn. 1) In 1901 there was a population of 1,063.

The principal road is that southward from Clitheroe to Whalley, which passes through Standen; another road south-east from Clitheroe to Burnley passes Pendleton Hall; they are connected by a cross-road through Pendleton hamlet. The Blackburn and Hellifield branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway goes north through Standen.

The township is governed by a parish council. A school board was formed about 1897. A considerable part of Pendleton was taken into the new township of Sabden in 1904.

The land is chiefly in pasture; the soil is clay and light loam, with a rocky subsoil. There are print works on Sabden Brook.

Manors

In 1066 King Edward held half a hide, or three plough-lands, in Pendleton. (fn. 2) Afterwards this manor was included in the Clitheroe fee and has been retained to the present as one of the demesne manors, though portions have been granted out from time to time. In 1241 it was found that (Great) Pendleton had rendered £3 7s. 10d. to John de Lacy. (fn. 3) The compotus of 1295 shows a return of £6 4s. 2d. for the farm of Pendleton and Wymondhouses, 1d. from Henry de Blackburn for 80 acres and 4s. 6d. as perquisites of the halmote. (fn. 4) Similar returns were made in subsequent accounts. (fn. 5) From the inquest of 1311 it appears that there were 16 oxgangs of land there held in bondage (fn. 6) ; the halmote was held in common for Pendleton, Chatburn, Worston and Downham. (fn. 7) The rolls for 1323–4 (fn. 8) and 1377– 1567, (fn. 9) so far as extant, have been printed.

LITTLE PENDLETON, held in thegnage, was perhaps the remaining plough-land not accounted for in the inquest of 1311. It rendered 6s. to John de Lacy in 1241, (fn. 10) and appears to have been acquired by degrees by the Clitheroe family (fn. 11) and their successors. (fn. 12) Sibyl the daughter and heir of Robert de Clitheroe died in 1414, (fn. 13) and her daughter Joan, having no issue by her husband Sir Henry de Hoghton, endeavoured to divert the succession to his illegitimate son Richard. The attempt was defeated, but he was allowed to have Little Pendleton, (fn. 14) which his descendants (fn. 15) retained till the beginning of the 17th century. John Hoghton died in 1583 holding Pendleton Hall with various lands there of the queen as of her duchy in socage. His heirs were two daughters Mary and Katherine, then aged ten and six years respectively. (fn. 16) In 1601 they, as Mary Singleton widow and Katherine wife of Thomas Hoghton, obtained an award of all the lands as the result of an arbitration, but had to pay £450 to Henry Hoghton of Extwistle, the heir male. (fn. 17) Soon afterwards the estate was sold to Savill Radcliffe of Todmorden and Great Mearley. (fn. 18) It was sold by his descendants in 1701. (fn. 19) The purchaser was John Harrison, who also acquired Mearley. A few year, later Little Pendleton passed to Lonsdale and then by marriage to Atherton. From John Atherton in 1807 it was purchased by the Starkies of Huntroyde and has since descended with their estates. (fn. 20) No manor is now claimed.

The manor of the Blackburn family in Great Pendleton, named in 1295 and later, has left no distinct trace in the records. (fn. 21) Part may have been held by the Radcliffes of Winmarleigh. (fn. 22)

WYMONDHOUSES (fn. 23) was granted by Henry de Lacy to a certain John, who was to hold it by a rent of 6s. 8d. (fn. 24) His son William de Wymondhouses was recorded to hold it in 1302 as the fortieth part of a knight's fee. (fn. 25) It was afterwards held by Gartside, (fn. 26) Feilden (fn. 27) and Pudsey, (fn. 28) and in 1488–9 was sold by Rowland Pudsey to the first Earl of Derby. (fn. 29) The third earl in 1563 sold it to the Watsons, (fn. 30) who seem to have transferred it in 1590 to John Halliday. (fn. 31) In the next century part at least became about 1668–75 the property of Thomas Jollie, the famous Nonconformist minister, who built a chapel there, as will be seen below. There are accounts of this Thomas Jollie (1629–1703) and his grandson and namesake (d. 1764) in the Dictionary of National Biography. (fn. 32) This estate also now belongs to Mr. Starkie of Huntroyde, part having been purchased from Thomas Carr in 1809 and the rest in 1811 from James Bury. (fn. 33)

STANDEN was in 1258 occupied by a grange belonging to the lord of Clitheroe. (fn. 34) The various accounts which have been printed show the profits derived from it (fn. 35) ; it was in 1342 let at a rent of £5 6s. 8d. (fn. 36) In 1360 the Duke of Lancaster granted it to Whalley Abbey for the endowment of a recluse there, (fn. 37) and after the suppression of the abbey it was sold in 1553 to Assheton and Braddyll. (fn. 38) The tenants in 1537 were William Farron and Giles Colthurst. (fn. 39) The last-named, who had Lower Standen, died in 1553 holding of the queen in chief by the tenth part of a knight's fee and a rent of 9s. 4d. (fn. 40) His estate descended to his son Henry and grandson Giles, which Giles died in 1592, leaving a son and heir Henry, aged fifteen. (fn. 41) An Edmund Colthurst also had land in Pendleton, for in 1569 he sold it to John Goodshaw, (fn. 42) who died in 1590 holding of the queen by the hundredth part of a knight's fee and 2s. 2d. rent (fn. 43) ; his son Edward and Susan his wife in 1592 sold it to Robert Walmesley of Coldcoats. (fn. 44) It included Hulcroft. (fn. 45)

Over Standen was in the 16th century held by the Aspinall family. (fn. 46) John Aspinall died 19 June 1641 holding it of the king as of his duchy in socage by 2s. rent; he also had an estate in Clitheroe. His heir was his brother Alexander, aged fifty, but he had bequeathed Over Standen to John the son of another brother William, (fn. 47) and John Aspinall was there in 1655. (fn. 48) The present owner of Standen Hall, Col. Ralph John Aspinall, is descended from James Aspinall, described as 'of Standen,' whose connexion with the older owners is not ascertained. (fn. 49) He is lord of the adjacent manor of Little Mitton.


Aspinall of Standen Or a cheveron between three griffons' heads erased sable.

Standen Hall was originally an H-shaped house of two stories facing south, said to have been erected in the 15th century. It was, however, rebuilt in 1757 more or less on the old plan, and incorporating some portions of the ancient building, but the principal front was changed to the east side, where a handsome classic elevation of three stories was erected with engaged columns and pediment. The middle and west wings remain of two stories. The west wing was rebuilt about 1858, the roof being raised above that of the middle part of the house, but except for the east front the elevations are quite plain in character. A single-story billiardroom wing was added in 1876 at the north-east end of the east wing. (fn. 50)

A division of the land called Standen Heys was ordered about 1618. (fn. 51) The place afforded a surname to a family of whom there are scattered notices. (fn. 52)

Of the other ancient estates in Pendleton some particulars may be obtained from the records, particularly the Court Rolls. (fn. 53) From the Wolton family, of long continuance here, (fn. 54) probably sprang Dr. John Wolton, who has been noticed among the wardens of Manchester; an exile for Protestantism in Mary's time he was promoted by Elizabeth to the bishopric of Exeter and died in possession of it in 1594. (fn. 55)

Rights in Pendleton Wood were included in the grant of Mearley to Ralph le Rous by Ilbert de Lacy about 1140. (fn. 56) A decree concerning the boundary between Wiswell and Pendleton was made about 1608 (fn. 57) and a map has been preserved. (fn. 58) Some other disputes occurred. (fn. 59) An allotment of the wastes was made in 1638. (fn. 60)

The Subsidy Roll of 1524 shows the following landowners: John Hoghton, James Aspinall, Robert Marsden and Nicholas Westby; that of 1543 gives Giles Colthurst, James Aspinall, the widow of John Hoghton and the widow of Roger Hoghton; that of 1564 Alexander Hoghton, John Aspinall and Henry Colthurst; that of 1600 James 'Asmall,' Henry Colthurst and Agnes Hoghton; that of 1624 Thomas Hoghton and James Aspinall. (fn. 61) The hearth tax return of 1666 records fifty-one hearths at Pendleton; Mr. Radcliffe's house had seven, another had five and another four. (fn. 62) The chief contributors to the land tax in 1788 were Thomas Lister, John Atherton, John Ellill and the executors of John Aspinall. (fn. 63)

For the Church of England All Saints' was built in 1847 and consecrated in 1872 (fn. 64) ; it has since been enlarged. The patronage is vested in three trustees.

After Thomas Jollie was ejected from Altham Chapel in 1662 he appears to have wandered about the district ministering to the Nonconformists. (fn. 65) In 1667 he purchased Wymondhouses and there he had a meeting-place licensed in 1672, (fn. 66) continuing to minister there in the persecutions which followed down to the time of James II. In May 1688 he built a chapel there and had it certified in 1689. (fn. 67) It was a centre for the Nonconformists for many miles around. He died in 1702, but his work was continued for more than a century and a-half afterwards. (fn. 68) After 1831 Wiswell became the chief centre and Wymondhouses disappeared from the records about 1869, though a Jollie memorial sermon was preached annually in its ruined walls for some time afterwards. The last remains were cleared away about 1890.

On the border of the township, at Sabden, are Wesleyan Methodist and Baptist chapels. The latter was founded in 1797, a congregation of more than a hundred being soon gathered from the workmen at the adjacent print works. (fn. 69)

Footnotes

1 The Census Rep. 1901 records 2,829 acres, including 6 of inland water.
2 V.C.H. Lancs. i, 286b.
3 Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 158.
4 De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 7.
5 In 1305 the receipts were 3s. from impounding beasts, £6 4s. 3d. the farm of the land and 2d. from an approvement from the waste; ibid. 102. In 1324 the farm had increased to £6 10s. 4d.; Henry de Blackburn's rent of 1d. was additional. Fines for entry of lands came to £2 7s. 10d. and the perquisites of the halmote to 5s. 4d.; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 190.
6 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 4; each oxgang paid 6s. 8d. The 16 oxgangs refer to Great Pendleton alone. The other tenants were William Querderay, 30 acres from the waste at 20s. rent; Richard de Ridding 20 acres at 6s. 8d.; various tenants 12 acres at 4s. Henry de Blackburn held by charter and paid 1d. as above.
7 Ibid. ii, 5. Downham was afterwards granted out, but the other three continued to have one court.
8 Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 23–7.
9 Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. The entries are not of special interest, but in 1544 one of the inhabitants was presented for obstructing the collectors of the 'galds' for the Scottish war; ibid. 141. John Halliday in 1539 had 'oppressed' the common with a large number of beasts, which had been taken to the pinfold five times within the year; ibid. 123.
A messuage called the 'Ayster,' with 10 acres of oxgang land, occurs in 1548; ibid. 155. Oldland, Greenhey, Lower Oxgang, Ringyard and Deyne are other local names.
10 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 156.
11 The charters are in Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 90, &c.; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 125, &c., but they do not reveal the origin of this separate part of the manor.
In 1246 Hugh son of William, Cecily his wife, Henry de Dunham and Hawise his wife, released to Hugh Querderay and Isold his wife the moiety of 2 oxgangs of land in Pendleton which represented the share of Cecily and Hawise in the lands of their father Siward de Pendleton, Isold herself being another daughter; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 105.
Adam Nowell gave all his land in Little Pendleton to Simon his son; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 90. Hugh Rothelan and Isold his wife, possibly the daughter Isold, released to Simon Nowell their right in an oxgang of land formerly held by Thomas son of Thomas de Pendleton; Add. MS. 32104, no. 620. Simon restored the 2 oxgangs to them at a rent of 2s.; ibid. fol. 133, no. 569. He gave all his land in Little Pendleton to Hugh de Clitheroe; ibid. no. 572. An early 13th-century charter records that one Sabasdus de Pendleton granted land there to Thomas son of Ellis de Pendleton at 1d. rent. Thomas brother of Geoffrey the Dean of Whalley was a witness; ibid. fol. 153, no. 655.
The Clitheroe family had already acquired lands there, for Reginald de Pendleton gave an oxgang of land in the vill of Little Pendleton to Ralph son of Karnwath in marriage with his sister Quenild; a rent of 18d. was to be paid; ibid. no. 654. Robert son of Reginald de Pendleton gave 4 oxgangs of land in the same place to Hugh son of Ralph; ibid. no. 535. The following later charters are known: 1317—John Querderay to Adam de Clitheroe, all lands in Little Pendleton; ibid. no. 568; 1322—John son of Adam Querderay to Adam son of Hugh de Clitheroe, the homage of Adam son of Hugh Stutte, with 2s. rent; ibid. no. 549; 1324— John son of Richard de Morley to Adam de Clitheroe, a toft and croft formerly belonging to Avice wife of Roger Radchapman and sister of Hugh Stutte; ibid. no. 570, 580 (fol. 136); 1330—Hugh son of Adam Querderay to Sir Adam de Clitheroe, all land in Little Pendleton; ibid. no. 611. The survey of Adam de Clitheroe's lands in 1333 shows that he had 126 acres in Little Pendleton, occupied by John de Clayton and four other tenants, the rents amounting to £5; Coram Rege R. 293, m. 54.
In 1348 Roger son of John de Knoll held a messuage and plough-land in Little Pendleton which was claimed first by William le Ward Esebrek and John his son, and then by Robert son of Robert de Clitheroe; De Banco R. 354, m. 3 d.; 356, m. 3.
Among the other charters preserved are some referring to the Pendleton and Querderay families. Agnes daughter of Thomas de Pendleton in her widowhood gave her daughter Avice her messuage, &c., 1d. rent to be paid to the heirs of Siward de Pendleton on St. Oswald's Day; Add. MS. 32104, no. 905. In 1314 Thomas son of Donote of Little Pendleton and Cecily his wife pledged to William Querderay four selions of arable land lying between the Withinenge and the Meregrene, between lands of Adam de Clitheroe and Hugh de Pendleton; another selion between Withinenge and Little Pendleton; an acre of meadow in Thornhillenge—or if there be not a whole acre let it be completed in the Halfacredale in the townfield of the vill of Little Pendleton; ibid. fol. 151, no. 648. In 1315 Roger Radchapman demised to Robert Querderay for eleven years a messuage in Little Pendleton which he had received with Anota his wife, the rent to be 13s.; ibid. fol. 135b, no. 579. Thomas son of William de Pendleton and Cecily his wife, daughter of Hugh Rothelan, in 1316 gave to John (son of John) de Standen the elder all the land in Little Pendleton received from Isolda formerly wife of Hugh; ibid. fol. 145, no. 616.
12 Lands in Little Pendleton are named in feoffments by Robert son of Adam de Clitheroe in 1340 and by Robert son of Robert de Clitheroe in 1356; ibid. no. 573, 544.
13 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 105.
14 Ibid. ii, 43–5; Final Conc. iii, 82. A feoffment of the Clitheroe estates was made by Sir Henry de Hoghton and Joan his wife in 1415, including Little Pendleton and a water-mill there; Add. MS. 32104, no. 593, 561, and regrant no. 606–7.
In 1423 the trustees of lands, &c., in Ribchester, Oswaldtwistle and Dutton regranted them to Sir Henry and Joan and the issue of the latter; in default to the male issue of Sir Henry, and in default to Richard de Hoghton son of Sir Henry and issue; then to Peter and Giles sons of Richard Talbot; ibid. no. 538. Another regrant with similar remainders referred to the Little Pendleton estate; ibid. no. 546. Richard was in possession of these in 1426; ibid. no. 545, 556. He also held Salesbury and Clayton as late as 1438; ibid. no. 553. He was seated at Leagram, of which an account has been given above. He was described as 'of Leagram' in 1447; ibid. no. 656.
Richard Hoghton and Agnes his wife occur in 1448; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 90b.
15 In 1451, in consequence of the disputes between John Talbot of Salesbury and Henry son of Richard Hoghton of Chippingdale as to Dame Joan's lands having been referred to arbitration, the manor of Pendleton with Joan's lands in Pendleton, Newton, Easington, Bradford, Preston, Ribchester, Clitheroe, Dinckley and Wilpshire was allowed to Henry Hoghton and his issue, with remainders to Miles his brother; Add. MS. 32104, no. 587, 547.
William Hoghton was described as 'of Pendleton' in 1480; ibid. no. 595. William son of Henry Hoghton in 1482 made a settlement in favour of his son John and Elizabeth his wife; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 92. William's widow Elizabeth married Thomas Singleton, and in 1499 they in conjunction with John Hoghton, the son and heir of William, made a feoffment of various lands and rents, the water-mill of Pendleton and 6s. 8d. from a close called Over Thornhill; Add. MS. 32104, no. 542. Elizabeth was still living in 1523; ibid. no. 563.
John Hoghton of Pendleton occurs in 1501; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 131. In 1511 Thomas Singleton of Broughton, son of Richard Singleton of Ingolhead and Katherine his wife, released to John Hoghton their right in the Oxhey and Horsehey in Little Pendleton, Goosebutts, Fridaybank and Rawflatting in Clitheroe, &c.; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 132, no. 564. In 1515 John Hoghton married Katherine widow of Henry Shuttleworth of Hacking; ibid. no. 582–3. His son and heir Roger had previously been contracted to marry Elizabeth daughter of William Lister; ibid. no. 604 (fol. 144b). Katherine was in 1555 the wife of Nicholas Battersby; ibid. no. 560. She was a daughter of Ralph Catterall; Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 93.
Roger Hoghton died before his father, who was living in 1536, but had a son William, married by 1529–30 to Margaret daughter of Sir John Towneley. The lands then settled, including Lower Thornhill in Pendleton, were disputed in 1543 by Alexander Hoghton and others; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Hen. VIII, xlvi, H 4. The contract of marriage referred to (dated 1524–5) is in Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 93b. Margaret widow of William Hoghton in 1536 (sic ? 1546) demised to Nicholas Hancock a close called Chinmyre, part of the demesne of Pendleton and adjoining Clitheroe Moor; Add. MS. 32104, no. 589.
The above-named Alexander Hoghton son of John Hoghton had succeeded by 1555; ibid. no. 560. He had had disputes with Anne Towneley and Elizabeth Waddington; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 271, 273. Together with John Braddyll, Anthony Watson, John Paslew and others in 1567 he agreed for the partition of Pendleton pasture; Add. MS. 32104, no. 592. In 1569 he settled Pendleton Hall, &c., to the use of Maud his wife for life, to himself and issue, to his nephew John (son of Henry) Hoghton and male issue, to Robert son of Henry Hoghton of Extwistle, &c.; ibid. no. 590. By his will, dated 1577, Alexander made his nephew John and Agnes his wife executors, their daughters Mary and Katherine being the residuary legatees; ibid. no. 596.
16 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 14; he had married Agnes Aspinall in 1569. The heirs became the queen's wards, and the widow was in 1585 allowed an annuity of 40s. from the estate; Add. MS. 32104, fol. 141, no. 602. Thomas Hoghton had the wardship and marriage of the co-heirs in 1584; Towneley MS. DD, no. 2251. It was no doubt his son Thomas who afterwards married Katherine.
Thomas Hoghton was a convicted recusant in 1626, but had conformed before 1630; Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 131, no. 317; Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 180.
17 Towneley, DD, no. 2253–4.
18 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 29. Roger Mainwaring and Elizabeth (Radcliffe) his wife held the manor of Pendleton in 1701; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 246, m. 119.
19 Whitaker, loc. cit.
20 Information of Mr. Howsin of Padiham.
21 In 1338 Adam son of Henry de Blackburn claimed a tenement in Great Pendleton against Alice de Hoghton, but did not prosecute his suit; Assize R. 1425, m. 5.
22 Thomas son of Richard Radcliffe of Winmarleigh died in 1521 holding lands in Pendleton of the king as Earl of Lincoln in socage by the rent of ½d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 3. A similar return is found in later inquisitions.
23 Wymundeshoues, Wymundehus', 1280; Wymundhouses, 1302. The charters are in Towneley MS. C 8, 5 (Chet. Lib.) and Kuerden MSS. iii, P 1, 2; the details here given are taken from these volumes.
24 This is stated in a grant by Joan daughter of Mary daughter of William son of John de Wymondhouses in 1359, by which she gave her inheritance to John Falegh; Kuerden, loc. cit. The bounds as recited name Brockhole Syke, Reedybutt Dyke, Wymondhouse Brook and Kilne Well Syke. A payment of 2d. was due for ward of Lancaster Castle.
John de Wymondhouses was living in 1280; Coram Rege R. 57, m. 2.
25 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 319.
26 The feoffee of John Gartside granted Wymondhouses about 1420 to John's grandson Percival, and Percival in 1422 and 1424 made grants to his son John Gartside; Kuerden, loc. cit. John son of William Hoghton and William Hoghton of Clayton were also concerned, perhaps as trustees. In 1428 Margery widow of Lawrence Gartside (perhaps the father of Percival) released her dower right to William Hoghton and Percival Gartside, receiving 10s. a year; ibid. and Towneley.
27 John son of Percival Gartside in 1456–7 mortgaged or sold to Nicholas Feilden.
28 Feilden in 1460 gave the estate to Rowland son of Sir Ralph Pudsey. By an award in a dispute between Feilden on one side and Sir Ralph Pudsey and Percival Gartside on the other he was ordered to deliver all the evidences.
29 Kuerden. In 1507 William Mitton complained that the second earl had disseised him of a messuage and 1½ oxgangs of land called Wymondhouses, but afterwards released his claim; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 22, 28, 64.
30 Ibid. 203; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m. 71. The sale was to Anthony Watson and Thomas his son and heir; a fine of 18s. was paid on admission.
31 Ibid. bdle. 48, m. 10; 49, m. 150; 52, m. 157. There was some disputing as to the land; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 189. Halliday had only a portion, called 'Colthurst's tenement'; note by Dr. Laycock.
32 From Dr. Laycock's research in the Court Rolls it appears that the estate descended to a Thomas Jollie, who in 1773 was succeeded by a namesake. This Thomas Jollie of Wymondhouses died in 1794; his nephew and next heir Thomas Thornthwaite of Paternoster Row was in 1809 succeeded by two daughters, Sarah Blood and Hannah Pattisson, who sold to James Bury of Sabden, calico printer.
33 Information of Mr. Howsin.
34 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 218; two barns, a stable and cowshed, worth 7s. a year.
35 The gross receipts (including about £15 arrears) in 1295 were £31 7s., of which nearly £11 was derived from the sale of oats. There were eighteen oxen at the grange. A plough and two wagons had been made during the year; De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 41–3. The receipts in 1305 were £34 18s. 6¾d. (including £5 14s. 7d. arrears), of which £4 2s. was derived from the sale of animals and £7 10s. 4¾d. from the sale of oats. Wheat, barley and beans also were sold. Twenty oxen remained at the grange; four had died of murrain during the year; ibid. 91–3.
At Standen in 1311 the Earl of Lincoln had a chief messuage, 80 acres of demesne land, 36 acres of meadow and a several pasture; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 4.
The gross receipts in 1323–4 were only £10 15s. 2d.; there were 169 men reaping, gathering and binding corn, as for one day in autumn. The live stock at the grange included two plough horses, seventeen oxen, five cows, &c.; ibid. 195–6.
The manor of Standen was included in a grant to Alice daughter and heir of Henry de Lacy in 1322; Cal. Pat. 1321–4, pp. 178, 183.
36 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 102; an addition by J. G. Nichols.
37 The endowment included Standen, Hulcroft and Greenlache in Pendleton and Clitheroe; Inq. p.m. 34 Edw. III, (2nd nos.) no. 60. Inquiry was made into the abbey's title in 1402; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 531.
38 Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iv, 1177; Standen Folds and Standen Hey are named. A rent of 66s. 8d. was to be paid for the pasture, &c., called Standen Hey.
A grant of the Whalley lands at Standen or Lower Standen was made to Richard Colthurst in 1620; Pat. 18 Jas. I, pt. xxi.
39 Whalley Couch. iv, 1222. Each tenant paid £2 6s. 8d.
40 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 51, 53. Henry the son and heir was twentysix years old.
41 Ibid. xvi, no. 4. Jane Colthurst widow of Henry the father of Giles is named.
42 Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 133.
43 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xv, no. 26. The tenement had belonged to Whalley Abbey. Edward the son and heir was thirty-nine years old.
44 Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 54, m. 88.
45 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 222–3.
46 James Aspinall, with whom Giles Colthurst was afterwards joined, was the warden or sidesman for Clitheroe and Standen from 1519 onwards; Act Bk. of Whalley (Chet. Soc.), 67, &c. The same or another family of the name has been noticed in the account of Mearley; see also the notes in Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 105. John and James Aspinall in 1579 had lands, &c., in Pendleton, Clitheroe and other places; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 41, m. 7. James Aspinall of Standen Hey was a freeholder in 1600; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 235.
47 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 98.
48 Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 107.
49 See pedigree, ibid.; Burke, Landed Gentry.
James was brother and apparently heir of John Aspinall of Standen, serjeant at law, who is commended for his hospitality by Thomas Pennant (Tour to Alston Moor), and died in 1784.
50 a There is an illustration of the house before the rebuilding of the west wing in Twycross, Lancs. Mans. (1847), i, 11.
51 Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 243.
52 See the note in Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 104. Thomas son of Vivian de Standen and Walter his brother occur in 1250; Close, 64, m. 14. In 1311 Thomas de Standen acquired a messuage in Clitheroe; Final Conc. ii, 6. Maud Peytevin in 1314 claimed land in Standen against John son of William de Standen and others; De Banco R. 206, m. 3 d. Henry son of John de Standen settled a messuage, &c., in Great Pendleton, with remainder to his son William in 1418; Final Conc. iii, 74.
53 A list of the tenants in 1443 is printed in Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 500. The names include Mitton, Wolton, Fool or Fowle, Chamber, Westby and Gartside.
John Fowle, called Marshal in 1359, obtained a tenement there from William de Hallstead and Joan his wife; Final Conc. ii, 161. The Fowles held an oxgang of land in 1425; Farrer, op. cit. 11. John Forest succeeded William Forest in the same year as tenant of another oxgang; ibid. Nicholas Westby died in or before 1530, and left two daughters as co-heirs; Margery was wife of Richard Webster and Elizabeth of John Moore; ibid. 90, 118, &c. Other families were Cromock or Crombock, Feilden, Murton and Tattersall.
Nicholas Talbot died in 1547 holding land in Pendleton, and left a son and heir George, not two years of age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 41.
Anne Dinelay died in 1596 holding in Pendleton and the Castle parish; her husband Henry survived her, and they had a son William, aged nine; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), v, 263–7.
54 John Wolton occurs in 1425; Farrer, op. cit. 9, 13. Ranald Wolton was greave in 1531 and James Wolton in 1547; ibid. 94, 154.
55 Dict. Nat. Biog.
56 Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 388; Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. III, no. 43.
57 Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 802.
58 Lancs. and Ches. Rec. i, 24.
59 The boundaries were probably ill defined, for in 1512 the tenants of the Heyhouses were said to trespass with their cattle on Pendleton common pasture; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 40. In 1546 they cut turf there; ibid. 148.
The bounds of the Goldshaw Booth turbary were decided by an inquest in 1516; Towneley MS. GG, no. 964.
In 1591 there was a dispute as to Over Standen between the burgesses of Clitheroe and other inhabitants; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 276.
Various allotments of common lands were made in the time of James I and Charles I, and two plans of 1612 have been preserved. Lengthy abstracts of the depositions and awards have been printed by Dr. Laycock in his essay on the Allotment of Sabden Common Pasture (1901).
60 a Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 848.
61 Lay Subs. Lancs. bdles. 130, no. 82, 125; 131, no. 212, 274, 317.
62 Ibid. bdle. 250, no. 9.
63 Returns at Preston.
64 A district was assigned to it in 1873; Lond. Gaz. 6 May.
65 The account in the text is derived from Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. ii, 186–96. Oliver Heywood mentions preaching in the night; Diaries, i, 276.
Extracts from the church book are printed in Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i, 149, 178, and Jollie's Note Bk. (Chet. Soc. new ser.).
66 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1671–2, p. 448.
67 Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 231. Jollie preached also at Read, Clayton-le-Moors and Haslingden.
68 From the latter part of the 18th century Wymondhouses was worked in conjunction with other small chapels in the district. The chapel was always regarded as Congregational.
69 Rippon, Bapt. Reg. iii, 21.