||1,692 acres, including 15 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
||Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 32. The
name occurs in a record of the boundaries
between Wiswell and Pendleton dated
1342, and is there said to be derived from
a robber who was beheaded and was buried
at that point because the neighbouring
vills refused to have him buried within
them. In 1608 it was stated that one
Robert Lowe had taken a stone from the
grave and used it for a cover of his kiln;
Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 802.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xviii, 21.
||Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 57 n. The
charter confirms privileges of hunting and
freedom from tolls in Robert de Lacy's
markets and fairs.
||Cur. Reg. R. 43, m. 11; Final
Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 27.
Albrey's right being acknowledged she
granted her third part to Henry, who was
to render yearly a sore sparrow-hawk.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 150.
||Ibid. 148 n.
||Ibid. ii, 4. In 1322, however, the
tenure was only half, viz. by the eighth
part of a knight's fee; ibid. 134.
||Shireburne Abstract Bk. (1715) at
Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), iv,
955–65. She had land in Wiswell,
Billington and Blackburn. One of the
charters, however, seems to show that she
was still unmarried in 1280; ibid. 963.
In 1278 Beatrice de Blackburn complained of various trespasses in Wiswell
by Adam de Blackburn; De Banco R.
27, m. 119 d. Two years later it was
Richard de Pontchardon who complained
that Adam de Blackburn and a number
of others had broken into his house at
Wiswell and taken goods, including arms,
and a horse. The jury acquitted Adam,
but gave damages against the brothers
Robert, Henry and Richard de Blackburn
and others, viz. £10 for the horse killed
and £10 for other losses; Cur. Reg.
R. 57, m. 2.
||For descent see Whalley Couch, iv,
1085; also the accounts of Chorley and
||Assize R. 1238, m. 32 d.; 1239,
m. 38. In the same year Robert son of
Adam de Wiswell and others claimed
leave to grind their demesne corn at the
mill of Adam son of John de Blackburn
without multure; De Banco R. 27,
||William son of Samson gave to
Adam de Blackburn an oxgang of land
in Wiswell, a rent of 12d. being payable;
Shireburne Abstract Bk. This may refer
to the earlier Adam. Richard son of
Henry de Wiswell released to Adam son
of John de Blackburn the rent of 12d.
due from an oxgang of land in Wiswell;
Adam de Blackburn gave to John his
son and heir land in Wiswell called
||Assize R. 408, m. 69 d.; John complained that Adam and Alice had made
waste by throwing two houses down and
felling trees. On the other hand, Adam
de Pemberton and Alice his wife complained of encroachments, withdrawing
on John's assigning them for Alice's life
10 acres on the Newfield and 16 acres
on the Halyfield; ibid. m. 25 d. Alice
widow of Sir Adam de Blackburn was
still living in 1339; Whalley Couch. iv,
John son of Adam de Blackburn was
also engaged in a suit with John son of
John de Blackburn; Assize R. 408,
m. 44 d., 58. From Robert son of Richard
de Wiswell he acquired certain lands by
purchase or exchange; Shireburne Abstract
Bk. A release of all claim in the manors
of Wiswell and Lower Darwen was
granted by Gilbert de Rishton to John de
||In 1302 Robert de Hephale and
Margaret his wife claimed against the
Abbot of Whalley the third part of 100
acres, &c., in Wiswell as dower of the
gift of Margaret's first husband John de
Blackburn; De Banco R. 144, m. 294;
154, m. 126. In 1315 the Abbot of
Whalley claimed 160 acres in Wiswell
against Robert de Shireburne, Alice his
wife, Henry de Lea, Agnes his wife and
Thomas de Arderne and Joan his wife;
ibid. 212, m. 211. In the following
year the claim was pursued against
Robert de Shireburne, Alice his wife,
William Touchet, Joan his wife and
Agnes the sister of Alice and Joan; ibid.
216, m. 382. Joan's former husband
is called Robert de Arderne (probably
in error) in a later pleading; Duchy of
Lanc. Assize R. 2, m. 5 d.
In agreement with the above the two
plough-lands in Wiswell were in 1311
said to be held of the lord of Clitheroe by
Robert de Shireburne, Sir Henry de Lea
and Thomas de Arderne; and in 1322
by Robert de Shireburne, Alice his wife,
Agnes de Lea and Thomas de Arderne;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 13, 134.
||A feoffment was made by Robert de
Horncliff and Agnes his wife in 1331,
and in 1337 Robert de Shireburne and
Alice his wife obtained the third part of
the manor, with rents, &c., from Agnes
de Horncliff; Final Conc. ii, 80, 102.
The manor is named in a deed of 1351
by Alice widow of Sir Robert de Shireburne; Kuerden MSS. iii, A 3, no. 68.
||There is little to record of the
Shireburne occupation. In 1365 the
feoffees of Sir Richard de Shireburne
gave Wiswell for life to Thomas and
Robert del Eves; Kuerden, loc. cit. no. 58.
Thomas del Eves of Wiswell is named in
1386–91; Cal. Pat. 1385–9, pp. 156,
285; 1388–92, pp. 449, 460.
In 1391–2 Sir John Boteler and Alice
his wife enfeoffed William de Dronsfield
and Margaret his wife of the manor;
Shireburne Abstract Bk. In 1393 it was
settled on the heirs of Margaret; Final
Conc. iii, 42. In 1398 William and
Margaret granted a lease of it to Thomas
Bradley and others; Abstract Bk.
||Richard Shireburne died in 1441
holding in demesne a moiety of the manor
of the king as Earl of Lincoln; Lancs.
Rec. Inq. p.m. no. 30, 31; see also
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 52. In
1445–6 the manor was considered to be
held in moieties by Robert de Shireburne
and the Abbot of Whalley; Duchy of
Lancs. Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20.
In 1513 the estate was said to be held
of the king as duke by knight's service,
but in 1528 and 1536 it was more definitely recorded that the manor of Wiswell
was held of the king as duke by the
eighth part of a knight's fee and a rent
of 7d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv,
no. 46; vi, no. 65; viii, no. 33. In
1594 the tenure was called socage; ibid.
xvi, no. 3.
Whalley Couch. iv, 1086–95. Licence
of alienation in mortmain was granted in
1340; Cal. Pat. 1340–3, p. 23. The
inquiries relating to it are recorded in Inq.
p.m. 14 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 31; 17
Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 48; 40 Edw. III,
no. 70. In the first of these the manor
was said to be held of Queen Isabel as of
the castle and honor of Clitheroe by the
fourth part of a knight's fee and 16d.
rent; in the second the abbot was
said to hold the third part of Queen
Isabel by the twentieth part of a knight's
From a pleading already cited it appears
that the abbey had already acquired some
land in Wiswell. The Arderne tenants
in 1339 were John de Altham, John del
Clough and Joan his daughter, John de
Blackburn, Margery widow of Adam the
Miller, Henry Chapman, Adam son of
Henry son of Gilbert de Worsthorne,
Richard del Bridge of Burnley, Lawrence
son of John de la Legh and William de
Hallstudes. In 1402 the abbey was
allowed to retain Priestland in Wiswell,
acquired in 1395–6 from Richard de
Blackburn; Cal. Pat. 1401–5, p. 45. At
the Suppression in 1537 all the tenants
seem to have held at will, the rents
amounting to £6 4s. 8d.; Whalley Couch.
||Inq. p.m. 35 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 122.
In the Lansdowne Feodary, dated about
1349, the tenants of the two plough-lands
in Wiswell are recorded as Alice de Shireburne for two-thirds and the Abbot of
Whalley one-third; the whole was held
for the fourth part of a knight's fee;
Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 693.
||The third part of the manor seems
to have been included in the grant of
Wiswell Eaves, &c. (Pat. 27 Eliz. pt. vi),
for Walter Spendlow and other grantees
on 24 Nov. 1584 gave it to Thomas
Fleetwood of Penwortham, William
Swinglehurst of Harden and John Parker
of Stonyhurst; Shireburne Abstract Bk.
||In 1590 the third part of the manor
was held by Anthony son and heir of
Thomas Watson and John his brother,
who transferred to John Seller and William
Greenfield; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 52, m. 47. These were perhaps
trustees for John Crombock, who died in
1593 holding the third part of the manor,
various messuages, &c., of the queen as of
her manor of East Greenwich in socage;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 40.
His son William, then fifty-six, held
similarly in 1601; ibid. xviii, no. 39.
So also did his son John Crombock of
Snelsoe (or Clerk Hill) in 1617; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii,
60–2. He left a son and heir Richard,
aged seven. Richard was living in 1664,
when he recorded a pedigree, having then
a son William, aged twenty-seven; Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 89.
John Crombock, Elizabeth his wife,
William his son and Thomasine his wife
made a settlement of lands, &c., in Wiswell in 1584; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 46, m. 82.
||Perhaps a grant of lands, &c., and
a rent called 'works silver,' made
(? to Crombleholme) in 1544; Pat. 36
Hen. VIII, pt. xxvii.
||Shireburne Abstract Bk.; this also
contains notes of the draft of articles of
marriage in 1683 for Richard son and
heir-apparent of William Crombock and
Clement daughter of Dr. Seth Bushell,
vicar of Lancaster.
||It is named in Shireburne and Weld
settlements, &c., down to 1827; Com.
Pleas Recov. R. Trin. 8 Geo. IV, m. 5
(Joseph and Edward Weld).
||It was not afterwards sold to the
Duke of Buccleuch as stated in Baines,
Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 25.
Whalley Couch. iv, 1086.
||Printed in Whitaker, Whalley, ii,
||Baines, loc. cit.
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 56; the award is
||Towneley MS. RR, no. 553; Henry
rector of Blackburn and Gilbert his son
||Ibid. no. 552.
||Ibid. no. 551. The three deeds
were in the possession of Mr. Grimshaw
of Clayton in 1659.
||Adam son of Gilbert de Wiswell
gave Ellis his brother half an oxgang of
land there at 6d. rent; Shireburne Abstract Bk. Robert Cortes of Wiswell, who
had had lands there with Emot his wife,
daughter of Robert son of Richard de
Wiswell, in 1316–17 granted the same to
his son William, who had married Agnes
daughter of Renald de Whalley; ibid.
Adam son of Richard de Wiswell in
1334 claimed against Cecily and Margery
daughters of Henry son of Richard de
Wiswell; Assize R. 1417, m. 7 d.
||In 1368 Richard de Blackburn obtained a messuage and an oxgang of land
in Wiswell from John de Gargrave and
Cecily his wife; Final Conc. ii, 174.
John Blackburn, chaplain, as trustee of
William Blackburn, in 1437–8 gave to
William's son Richard land in Wiswell;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 227.
Richard Blackburn and Elizabeth his
wife in 1455 had lands settled on them,
also the reversion of what Joan, Richard's
mother, held as dower; Duchy of Lanc.
Anct. D. (P.R.O.), L 1053.
||Christopher Banastre acquired land
in 1434 or 1441; Final Conc. iii, 99, 108.
William Banastre appears in 1505; ibid.
156. Robert Craven in 1559 purchased
land near Crookacre, &c., from Wilfrid
Banastre; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 21, m. 77. Other sales by Wilfrid
are recorded; ibid. bdle. 22, m. 75, 84.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 119.
Richard their son and heir was twentythree years of age.
Final Conc. iii, 156. The deforciants
were William Banastre and Grace his
wife—obviously the Grace Marshall of
1483—William Marshall and Richard his
son and heir. The estate of six messuages,
&c., was to be Grace's for life.
The tenure was unknown at Thomas
Hesketh's death in 1523 and later;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 16; vii,
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 16,
m. 107, 122.
Anthony Watson died in 1568 holding
part of his estate in Wiswell and Wiswell
Eaves of Sir Richard Shireburne in socage,
paying 12d. rent, and part of the queen
in chief by knight's service; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 36. His son
Thomas held similarly in 1579; ibid. xiv,
no. 28. Thomas's son Anthony Watson,
described as of Killington Hall in Westmorland, sold his lands in Wiswell to Sir
Richard Shireburne in 1589; Shireburne
Abstract Bk.; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 51, m. 35.
Thurstan Mawdesley and Katherine his
wife in 1568 sold a messuage to John
Braddyll; ibid. bdle. 30, m. 143. Braddyll had acquired part of the abbey estate
from Richard Crombleholme of Dutton in
1544; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 179, m. 12 d.
Also another part directly from the Crown
in 1545; Pat. 37 Hen. VIII, pt. iv. In
1578 he was stated to hold his land in
Wiswell of Sir Richard Shireburne in
socage by a rent of 12d. (cf. Watson,
above); Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv,
Edward Braddyll and John his son and
heir seem to have sold their land in
Wiswell in 1596, the purchasers being
William Grenevile or Greenfield and
others; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 59,
William Greenvile died in that year
holding a capital messuage in Wiswell
Eaves of Richard Shireburne in socage by
12d. rent, and a barn of the queen as of
her duchy by the three-hundredth part of a
knight's fee. His heir was a nephew
Thomas (son of Gilbert) Greenfield, aged
seventeen; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 36. The change of
spelling is noteworthy.
||Ibid. i, 222; held partly of the king
as of his manor of East Greenwich by 2s.
rent, and partly of Richard Shireburne by
||Ibid. i, 236; held of the king in
||There is a Paslew pedigree in Bradford Antiq. July 1908. The surname
often occurs in the Clitheroe Ct. Rolls.
||Shireburne Abstract Bk. at Leagram.
||Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 13.
||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 82.
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii,
||Shireburne Abstract Bk.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
||These particulars are due to Dr.
J. A. Laycock of Sabden, who gives the
descent thus: Francis Paslew (dead in
1515) - s. Thomas, d. 1551 - s. Francis
- s. John, d. 1617 - s. Francis (1559–
1641) - s. John - da. Alice.
||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 9.
George Long's house had seven hearths,
John Crombock's six; there were seventynine in all.
||Shireburne Abstract Bk. Dr. Laycock supplies the descent thus: Francis
Paslew - da. Elizabeth, married Thurstan
Tomlinson - s. John, married Alice
Helme - s. Thurstan, 1677–1752.
Elizabeth had a sister Alice Paslew, who
married John Nutter of Old Laund;
they were found to be the aunts and next
heirs of Alice Townley in 1645.
Trans. Burnley Lit. and Scient. Club,
||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 131, no. 317.
||The surname Law or Low was of
old standing in Wiswell, for the executors
of John Law are named in 1424–5; Pal.
of Lanc. Writs of Assize 3 Hen. VI.
John Lawe of Wiswell, Ellen his wife
and John Lowe their son are named
in 1511; Writs Proton. file 3 Hen. VIII.
Robert Law occurs as plaintiff respecting
a messuage in Wiswell Eaves in 1577–90;
Ducatus Lanc. iii, 57, 242.
John Lowe (1624) had lands called
Newfield, Crookacre and Stony Corthlong, which were sequestered for his
recusancy, or that of Cuthbert Lowe his
son, as to two-thirds; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv,
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3174.
The land was in Wiswell Eaves. Parkinson desired to compound for the sequestered two-thirds in 1653, but was dead in
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. ii,