Townships
Marsden

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Victoria County History

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William Farrer & J. Brownbill (editors)

Year published

1911

Pages

536-541

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'Townships: Marsden', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 6 (1911), pp. 536-541. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53172 Date accessed: 03 September 2014.


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MARSDEN

Merkesden, 1195; Merclesden, Merkelstene, 1242; Merclisden, 1258.

The township of Marsden is or was divided into two parts, Great Marsden, at one time called Aske Marsden, (fn. 1) with an area of 3,108 acres, and Little Marsden to the south-west, with an area of 1,581 acres—4,689 acres in all. The boundaries are to a great extent marked by streams. Colne Water is the northern boundary, and flows into Pendle Water, which forms the western one; Great and Little Marsden are separated by Walverden Water, flowing north-west to join Pendle Water near Reedyford, while Catlow Brook, an affluent of the Walverden, forms the southern boundary of Great Marsden. On the north-east the brook flowing down Foxclough divides Marsden from Trawden and part of Colne. In Great Marsden, Shelfield in the south-east attains 1,110 ft. above sea level, and the surface descends from it to the bounding streams in all directions except the south-east, on which side after some fall higher levels are attained on the moorlands, 1,117 ft. near the Deerstones, and 1,200 ft. on Willy Moor. In Little Marsden, in the south-east, an elevation of 900 ft. above the sea is reached near Marsden Height, from which point the surface descends in all directions. The lowest ground is of course along the streams forming the north and west boundaries, the fall of the water being from 450 ft. at Colne to 375 ft. at Reedyford and 320 ft. at the border of Reedley.

In Great Marsden near the centre is Marsden Hall with the ancient earthwork known as Castercliff (fn. 2) to the north-east; further away are Birchenley and Lenches, this last being by Waterside Bridge, where there is a crossing into Colne. (fn. 3) East and south-east of the hall are Slitterforth and Shelfield; to the south are Townhouse, Southfield and Catlow; to the west Hendon and Bradley; to the northwest Lee and Swinden; and to the north White Walls, Grindlestone Hurst and Whackersall, this last being near Primet Bridge, another passage into Colne. In Little Marsden the village of Marsden is or was a little north of the centre: it has been absorbed in the town of Nelson, growing up to the north-west; Linedred is to the west. Another town is Brierfield in the south-west; this has Limefield and Chamber Hill to the north and west; Lane End and Catlow Row to the east, with Scholefield, Marsden Height and Finsley further away. Walverden Reservoir has been formed at the junction of Catlow and Walverden Brooks.

Owing to the progress of the cotton manufacture, Colne has extended itself into the northern part of Marsden, while the new town of Nelson has grown up in the west; and in 1894 the old township was dissolved, about 430 acres being added to Colne, and the remainder divided between the new townships of Nelson (3,464 acres) and Brierfield (807 acres). (fn. 4) The population of the former Marsden was 44,045 in 1901, including 3,945 in Colne, 32,717 in Nelson, and 7,383 in Brierfield. (fn. 5)

The principal road is that from Burnley through Brierfield and Nelson to Colne; from Brierfield a road goes west by Quakers' Bridge into Pendle, and from Nelson one goes north by New Bridge to Barrowford. Other roads go east from the same places. The Accrington and Colne branch of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway also passes through Brierfield and Nelson, with stations at these places. The Leeds and Liverpool Canal also winds north through Brierfield and Nelson, passing into Barrowford over an aqueduct near Swinden. Tramcars run constantly between Burnley, Nelson and Barrowford; electric traction was adopted in 1902.

In addition to the staple manufactures of cotton and worsted goods there are minor industries, such as brewing, quarrying, corn milling, the making of soap, confectionery, bricks and sanitary pipes and iron foundries. A newspaper called the Nelson (or Brierfield) Leader is published weekly. The agricultural land is almost entirely used for pasture, the return showing (fn. 6) :

Arable land ac.Permanent grass ac.Woods and plantations ac.
Nelson19½2,564½20
Brierfield17425

There were formerly coal mines in the northeast and north of the township at Foxclough and Swinden. (fn. 7)

The towns of Brierfield and Nelson have grown up near the canal and along the road from Burnley to Colne. Nelson is also on the older road between the same places, and at the place where the northward road branched off; it has spread south to include Lomeshaye and east over Bradley. As stated more fully below, it is now a municipal borough. Brierfield, which obtained a local board in 1868, (fn. 8) has been an urban district since 1894, with a council of twelve members chosen equally from the East, West, North and South Wards.

One of the Pendle witches of 1634, Margaret Johnson, a widow aged sixty, confessed that she first met her 'familiar' in Marsden. (fn. 9) There was a cross in Little Marsden; 'Walton Spire' is a monolith on Shelfield. (fn. 10)

The Colne sewage works are on the north-west border of the township.

Manors

There does not appear to have been any manor of MARSDEN, (fn. 11) Great Marsden being part of Colne, and Little Marsden of Ightenhill, and tenanted by copyholders. The first inhabitants to come into notice are Peter, Richard and Osbert de Marsden, who in 1194–5 were fined for some fault of Uvieth, for whom they were pledges. (fn. 12) The value of Great Marsden to the lord of Clitheroe was estimated at £5 2s. in 1241, Little Marsden rendering £2 11s. (fn. 13) In 1251 Marsden was named in the grant of free warren to Edmund de Lacy, (fn. 14) and this right was defended in 1292. (fn. 15) At the death of Edmund de Lacy in 1258 it was found that there were in Marsden 6 oxgangs of land, each of 9 acres, rendering 4d. an acre; the tenants of each oxgang were bound to plough one perch of land yearly and to reap for three days in autumn, each of these services being valued at 1½d.; the total value was thus 19s. 6d. One free tenant is named, Robert de Marsden, who held 31 acres of land by charter, each acre being worth 4d. (fn. 16) In 1296 the farm of Little Marsden was 79s. 0½d., and 14d. was paid for works remitted (fn. 17) ; a slight increase is shown in the account for 1305. (fn. 18)

The inquest of 1311 taken after the death of Henry de Lacy shows that there were 16 oxgangs of land held in bondage in Marsden, 12½ in Great and 3½ in Little Marsden by twelve and four customary tenants, and that each oxgang rendered 3s. as in 1258. The earl also had 335 acres in Great Marsden let to tenants at will at 4d. an acre, and 243½ acres in Little Marsden, let similarly. Cottars held four tofts at will at 6d. each in the former part of the township, and in the latter part two cottars held two cottages at 4d. each. The customary tenants paid 6s. 3d. and 14d. respectively for works remitted, and those in Great Marsden paid 10½d. for the fishery there. (fn. 19) In a rental of 1527 the rents amount to £7 15s. 9½d., perhaps for Little Marsden alone. (fn. 20) In 1553 inquiry was made as to improving the wastes near Colne called Castle Townfields and Grindlestone Hurst. (fn. 21)

A number of free tenancies were created from time to time, but it is not possible to give a clear account of them. Robert de Lacy gave an oxgang of land in Great Marsden to William de Vescy son of Eustace Fitz John, his uncle, before 1183, (fn. 22) and also gave 2 oxgangs of land there to the Cluniac Priory of St. John, Pontefract. (fn. 23) These oxgangs were later held by Robert Mey, who surrendered his claim in them to the priory, (fn. 24) as did his son William. (fn. 25) Edmund de Lacy in 1258, on granting Barnside to the priory, confirmed the gift of 2 oxgangs of land in Marsden made by William de Vescy. (fn. 26) After the suppression of monasteries this land was sold by the Crown to Richard Crombleholme of Dutton in 1543. (fn. 27)

One or more families took a surname from the township. (fn. 28) Henry Duke of Lancaster in 1352, in reward for the good service of Richard de Walton, his stock-keeper in Blackburnshire, confirmed Richard's tenements, with remainders to John son of Alice de Rossendale, James his brother and Joan their sister, and granted a modified charter in 1354, naming lands in Colne and Marsden, including Whackersall and Northman Hill. (fn. 29) The Waltons were long connected with Marsden, (fn. 30) and the residence called the Hall belonged to them, having been rebuilt in 1740 by Henry Walton, who inherited the lordship of Altham from his mother. (fn. 31) It is now owned by Mrs. Haworth of Altham. The Banastres also held lands in Great Marsden. (fn. 32)

Adam son of Nicholas de Holden in 1311 gave to Richard de Marsden, clerk, perhaps as trustee, lands at CATLOW in the vill of Marsden demised to him by Robert de Catlow, who attested the charter. (fn. 33) Robert and Adam de Catlow occur in 1332. (fn. 34) In 1435 all the lands Sir Nicholas Radcliffe had of the gift of Sir Richard Radcliffe of Clitheroe at Catlow in Marsden, he granted to Sir Richard's son James Radcliffe. (fn. 35) This James in 1449 granted his manor of Catlow and lands in Marsden and Scholfield to Richard Radcliffe of Clitheroe. (fn. 36) William Radcliffe of Winmarleigh had land in Great Marsden at his death in 1561, (fn. 37) and it descended to Sir Gilbert Gerard, who had lands at Chamber in Little Marsden also. (fn. 38) In the 17th century a family named Sagar (fn. 39) was established at Catlow in Great Marsden and continued to hold it till recently. William Sagar died in 1616 holding a messuage at Catlow, &c., of the king as duke in socage; his heir was his grandson Henry Walton, aged six. (fn. 40) Another Sagar family had land at Southfield, (fn. 41) where in 1407 William Marsden of Swinden gave Henry his son land called 'The Six-acre' (fn. 42) ; Henry in 1432 gave it to his son Richard. (fn. 43) William Sagar of Southfield, who died in 1809, and Richard Sagar were strong supporters of the Methodist movement in this district. (fn. 44) Mr. William Berry is the present owner of Southfield House.

SWINDEN was another estate sometimes called a manor or lordship. (fn. 45) John de Lacy, constable of Chester, granted Adam de Swinden 16 acres of land in Great Marsden in fee at a rent of 5s. 4d. for all services. (fn. 46) John de Marsden in 1323 held a field called Swinden by charter, paying 17s. 6d. for all services. (fn. 47) John Banastre of Wakefield in 1427 agreed with Christopher Marsden respecting the manor of Swinden; John's title was acknowledged, but Christopher was to hold it for life. (fn. 48) Henry Banastre, Alice his wife and Robert his son and heir in 1565 sold two messuages in Marsden to John Halsted, (fn. 49) and John Halsted of Swinden had John de Lacy's charter in his keeping in 1660. (fn. 50) The same grantor gave 12 acres in Heggengrene to Adam de Swinden in fee at the rent of 4d. an acre; in 1655 the owners were Lawrence Robinson and Richard Hartley of Wycoller. (fn. 51) In 1693 Swinden Hall was in the possession of William Hargreaves, and in 1719 was acquired by James Folds of Trawden, from whom it descended to Mary Folds, living a century ago. (fn. 52)

The Towneley family (fn. 53) and others also had estates in Great Marsden. (fn. 54) Henry Mancknowles died in 1561 holding the messuage called Townhouse with 40 acres of land; his son John was sixty-five years of age. (fn. 55) The estate of Henry Mancknowles, 'Papist,' was sequestered by the Commonwealth authorities. (fn. 56) Lawrence Mancknowles of Townhouse was a benefactor to the poor of Colne. (fn. 57) Edmund son and heir of John Parker of Colne in 1443 released land at Birchinley to Lawrence Lister of Middop. (fn. 58) Henry Farrer in 1597 claimed from various persons the expenses incurred in obtaining a decree about the wastes of Marsden, according to agreement. (fn. 59) Bradley was the subject of a dispute in 1598. (fn. 60)

Little Marsden contained part of the Radcliffe of Winmarleigh estate called 'Chamber in Pendle,' now marked by Chamber Hill. (fn. 61) Families named Legh had Linedred and Claverhole, and were in the former succeeded by the Towneleys. (fn. 62) Coldweather House was in 1586 in dispute between Thomas and Henry Willisill. (fn. 63) Lawrence Townley of Barnside died in 1623 holding messuages in Little Marsden of the king in socage by a rent of one rose yearly. (fn. 64) Lower Lomeshaye and Reedyford at one time belonged to the Banisters of Park Hill in Barrowford. (fn. 65) The former is the property of Mr. W. Farrer Ecroyd, in whose family it has continued for nearly 200 years. Reedyford House is owned by Mr. H. Tunstill, and Edgend, long the estate of the Hargreaves family, by Mr. Edward Ecroyd.

The lord of Clitheroe had a mill at Walverden in 1311. (fn. 66) Some time before 1482 Richard Towneley made a corn-mill called Walverden Mill within the lordship of Colne, and had the tenants to grind there to the loss of the king's mills at Colne and Burnley. Hence Lord Strange was commanded to see that none but the king's mills should be used by the tenants. (fn. 67) In 1495 John Towneley was forbidden to use the mill for grinding corn or malt, but the king granted him a lease of the Colne Mills for fourteen years. (fn. 68)

The following contributed to subsidies for their lands:—In 1524 Nicholas Legh, John Kippax, John Hargreaves, John Wilson, Henry Walton and Lawrence Legh. (fn. 69) In 1543 John Higgin, Richard Kippax, Lawrence Legh, Henry Walton and Lawrence Towneley. (fn. 70) In 1564 John Taylor and William Hartley. (fn. 71) In 1597 Alexander Banister and George Hartley. (fn. 72) In 1626 William Hartley and Ambrose Walton. (fn. 73)

Marsden in 1666 had 240 hearths liable to the tax. There was no very large house, but Giles Hammond's had eight hearths, George Hartley's of Bradley six, and the following five each: Richard Hargreaves, John Halsted, Lawrence Hargreaves, Miles Whitaker, Henry Walton and William Hargreaves. (fn. 74)

Borough

As already stated the town of NELSON has sprung up at the junction of the old roads between Burnley and Colne, a crossing being formed by the road north through Barrowford. At this point an inn called the 'Lord Nelson' existed as early as 1818, (fn. 75) and it gave a name to the town which grew up owing to the rapid development of the textile trade. (fn. 76) In 1864 a local board was formed for 'the district of Nelson,' (fn. 77) and directly afterwards the existing gas-works were purchased (fn. 78) and waterworks were established. (fn. 79) In 1890 a charter of incorporation was granted; under it the town is governed by a mayor, six aldermen and eighteen councillors, chosen by the six wards into which the area is divided, viz. Central, Whitefield, Bradley, Netherfield, Walverden, and Southfield. A coat of arms has been granted. The corporation possesses a town hall, begun in 1882 and greatly enlarged; a park, 1888–97; market hall, 1889; free library, opened 1890, building 1895 and 1908; technical school, 1895; electric light and power works, 1902 (fn. 80) ; sewage works, 1893; cemetery, 1895. There is a smallpox hospital at Catlow, built in 1902. A separate commission of the peace was granted in 1893. (fn. 81) In the same year a school board was formed. The police belong to the county constabulary, but the fire brigade is the town's. In addition to the public buildings, schools and churches, Nelson has political club-houses, banks and a theatre.


Borough of Nelson. Azure on a cheveron argent between two sprigs of the cotton-tree in chief and a fleece in base or two reed-hooks cheveronwise proper.

Church

A small chapel existed at Marsden before the Reformation, its chalice being seized by the Crown about 1547. (fn. 82) Whitaker describes it as 'a very poor and mean structure, apparently of the age of Henry VIII, and with the cipher IHS on the little belfry. In the yard was a very large block of freestone, the base of a cross.' (fn. 83) It was secured for the inhabitants (fn. 84) and served by the curate of Colne, but used only occasionally, (fn. 85) though a small endowment belonged to it. (fn. 86) In 1809 it was pulled down and rebuilt, and at the next vacancy at Colne a resident incumbent was appointed. (fn. 87) It is called St. Paul's, Little Marsden, and has a net income of £348. (fn. 88) A district was assigned to it in 1877. (fn. 89) The Hulme Trustees are patrons.

The following have been curates and vicars:—

1814John Hutchinson
1852Thomas Molineux Jackson, M.A. (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1864James Wilson Taylor, M.A. (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1876Horatio Bentley, M.A. (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1891Henry Joseph Stephens, B.A. (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)
1898Herbert Taylor, M.A. (fn. 90) (Brasenose Coll., Oxf.)

More recent churches and patrons are: St. John the Evangelist's, Great Marsden, 1848, (fn. 91) the Crown and the Bishop of Manchester alternately; St. Luke's, Brierfield, 1872, (fn. 92) the Bishop of Manchester; St. Mary's, Nelson, 1879, (fn. 93) five trustees; and St. Philip's, Nelson, 1902, the Bishop of Manchester. To Great Marsden belong the mission churches of Holy Trinity, Primet Bridge and St. James, Waterside.

Methodism has long been represented in Marsden. The Wesleyan Methodists now have four churches at Nelson and one at Brierfield (fn. 94) ; the Primitive Methodists two at Nelson and another at Brierfield; the Methodist Free Church and the Independent Methodists each one at Nelson.

The Congregationalists in 1837 built Providence Chapel on Marsden Height, the result of services begun in 1835. Evening services were begun at Brierfield in 1873, where a school-chapel was opened in 1878, when the old chapel ceased to be used, except as a school. (fn. 95) At Nelson services were begun in 1865 and soon afterwards Hope Chapel was built, which has been succeeded by the present church in Manchester Road, begun in 1884. The old building was sold in 1890. (fn. 96) A second church has been opened more recently.

The Baptists have three churches at Nelson, the earliest dating from 1874, and another at Brierfield.

The Society of Friends has had members in Marsden since about 1660. (fn. 97) A meeting-place on Marsden Height was erected early in the 18th century. (fn. 98) It was afterwards converted into cottages, when the new Meeting House was erected near Edgend about the year 1760. (fn. 99)

The Roman Catholic church of St. Joseph, Nelson, was built in 1897, having been preceded by a schoolchapel in 1883 (fn. 100) ; St. Saviour's, Bradley, was opened in 1898, and there is a cemetery chapel, All Souls', which is used for service. At Walverden is a chapel of ease, St. George's, 1899, served from St. Joseph's. There are two convents, those of the Franciscan Sisters and St. Joseph's Foreign Missionary Sisters. The mission of Holy Trinity, Brierfield, was established from Nelson in 1895–6.

Footnotes

1 Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 227 (1495), 365.
2 V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 514. It was called Castell Clif in 1515; Farrer, op. cit. i, 261.
3 In 1762 the inhabitants and landowners of Great Marsden were indicted for not repairing the king's highway from the south end of Waterside Bridge to Coldwell, being part of the road from Colne to Halifax; also the same highway from the south end of 'Primote' Bridge to the Three Lane Ends at Delves (and) Catlow Rake Foot, being part of the road from Colne to Rochdale; from the late W. Waddington's MSS.
4 Local Govt. Bd. Order 31617.
5 Census Rep. 1901. Nelson took in a small part of Barrowford Booth also. In 1896 a small part of Wheatley Carr was added to Nelson, and in 1897 a part of Brierfield was added; Local Govt. Bd. Orders 35027, P 1365.
6 a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
7 In 1465 Lawrence Lister complained against various persons for digging coal in Great Marsden; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 27, m. 23; see also Writs of Assize, bdle. 6 (4 Edw. IV). The coal mines are also named in the time of Elizabeth; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 49, 268, 278. For Swinden see ibid. iii, 402,421. James Folds of Lee in Marsden was in 1625 working a coal mine by agreement with Margaret Hartley of Stork House, Yorks.; Mr. W. Waddington's notes.
8 Lond. Gaz. 17 Mar. and 29 May 1868.
9 Cal. S. P. Dom. 1634–5, p. 78.
10 Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xviii, 49, 54.
11 Marsden Manor is named in pleadings of the time of Elizabeth; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 114.
12 Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 90. In the following year Osbert de Marsden owed ½ mark for disseisin; ibid. 93.
13 Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 156–7.
14 Cal. Chart. R. 1226 57, p. 357.
15 Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 381.
16 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 214. The remaining 10 oxgangs of land in Marsden are not accounted for.
17 De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 9.
18 Ibid. 104. The farm was now 84s. 4½d., the composition for works remitted remaining unchanged. There were some losses of rent; ibid. 117. Robert de Marsden was one of the tenants in Pendle Forest; ibid. 73. Perhaps he was at Roughlee, like Richard de Marsden in 1323; Lancs. Ct. R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 72.
19 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 6. The total for Great Marsden was £4 18s. 3½d. and for Little Marsden £4 13s. 6d. The accounts of 1323 show various losses of rent from lands in Great Marsden formerly held by Robert Gamel, Richard Shayl, Robert de Catlow, Adam Caboun, Geoffrey son of Thomas, William Sweetmilk, Richard son of Henry, Stephen son of Dande and Adam de Ayrdale; ibid. 187–8. The receipts from Little Marsden had advanced to £4 19s. 1d.; ibid. 192.
20 Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5, no. 12. The names of the tenants were: Nicholas Lee (Linedred), John Hargreaves (High Lomeshaye), John Kippax, Lawrence Townley, Lawrence Lee, Henry Higgin (Chapel House), John Hargreaves, Henry Banastre, Thomas Hobson, Edward Willisill, Thomas Radcliffe (Chamber), John Robinson, John Kippax, Lawrence Hartley, Henry Walton and John Wilson.
21 Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 202. Grindlestone Hurst and Agotehole (Haggate) occur in 1425; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 223. See also ibid. 229, 233. The Townleys of Barnside had land at the former place; ibid. 304.
22 Pontefract Chartul. (Yorks. Arch. Soc.), i, 42. The oxgang had belonged to Gamel son of Uctred, and lay between the holdings of Torfin son of Elfward and Hugh son of Lefwin, north of the road. A spur or 4d. rent was to be rendered to the lord.
An oxgang of land formerly held by Robert son of Gamel at 12d. rent is named in 1305; De Lacy Compoti (Chet. Soc.), 117.
23 Pontefract Chartul. i, 26. The oxgangs which Uctred formerly held. This was perhaps a confirmation of a gift by William de Vescy, as in the charter of Edmund de Lacy.
24 Robert Mey held 1 oxgang of the priory and another of William de Vescy; ibid. ii, 360, 362. His widow Maud released her dower right in the lands for ½ mark given her in her need; ibid. 363. William de Vescy confirmed the grant of his oxgang by Robert Mey, a rent of two spurs or 4d. being payable to him; ibid. i, 301.
25 William de Vescy gave William son of Robert Mey the oxgang in Marsden which the father had held. A rent of 3s. was to be paid yearly at Pontefract Fair; ibid. ii, 363–5. It was this oxgang which William son of Robert Mey of Marsden surrendered to the priory; ibid. 361. To this deed Robert son of Peter de Marsden, Matthew de Bradley, Richard de Catlow and John his brother were witnesses.
26 Ibid. i, 44. The Prior and convent of Pontefract in 1497 demised a messuage and 40 acres in Marsden and Southfield to Henry son of John de Mancknowles; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), M 76.
27 L. and P. Hen. VIII, xviii (I), g. 623 (79).
28 In 1277 Robert de Marsden complained that he had been disseised of a messuage and 12 acres in Marsden by Henry son of Christiana, William son of Margery and Peter son of Peter de Bradley, but it was shown that plaintiff had surrendered the same to the Earl of Lincoln, who was in seisin; Assize R. 1235, m. 12 d. Alice widow of Robert son of Robert de Marsden in 1283 claimed dower in the place against Henry de Lacy, Michael de Whackersall (Wakeresale) and John de Bradley (Bradelee); De Banco R. 49, m. 22.
In 1318 John, Gilbert, Peter and Robert sons of Richard de Marsden called Richard de Marsden (perhaps the father) to warrant them in their messuages in Marsden, Briercliffe and Colne; De Banco R. 221, m. 281. John de Marsden is named in 1328; Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 75. Gilbert de Marsden, clerk, and Robert his brother occur in 1350; Assize R. 443, m. 5.
Richard de Marsden (Merclesden) in 1337 complained against Stephen de Redihalgh of waste in lands in Great Marsden (Merston) demised to him; De Banco R. 310, m. 71. One Richard de Marsden was about that time (1328, 1333) forester of Blackburnshire; he died in 1344; Kirkstall Couch. (Thoresby Soc.), 323, 357, 38. Richard de Marsden was in 1352 mulcted in £20 for taking fines of the duke's tenants in Colne; Assize R. 434, m. 4. William son of John de Marsden occurs in 1358 and 1378; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 337; Final Conc. ii, 136. Richard son of Robert son of Richard de Marsden was accused of murder in 1369; Coram Rege R. Mich. 43 Edw. III, m. 41.
29 Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), W 139, 140; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 332. For each of the messuages Richard de Walton was to pay 12d. a year and 4d. an acre for the lands improved from the waste. The remainder in the second charter was to John son of Alice de Rossendale and his issue only.
30 James de Walton held 23 acres by charter in 1323, paying 7s. 8d. for all services; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 482. This was the estate held by Adam son of Peter de Alkincotes in 1311, so that it is not quite certain in which township— Colne or Marsden—it was situated; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 6.
Richard son of James de Walton was defendant in a Great Marsden plea in 1358; Assize R. 438, m. 3. John brother of Christopher de Walton of Marsden was outlawed for taking a deer in Pendle in 1423; Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. bdle. 1, file 5, no. 23, 24.
In 1435 Edmund Jacson Parker of Colne demised for eight years to Henry Walton of Marsden, mercer, lands in Marsden and Trawden; Add. MS. 32104, no. 659. The same Henry was sued for debt in 1446; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 9, m. 16 b. James son of James Walton, late of Colne, in 1444 received lands in Marsden called Perod and Purmanhill on his marriage with Agnes daughter of Lawrence Parker of Foulridge; Add. MS. 32104, no. 916. Henry son of Richard Walton of Great Marsden in 1500 gave a lease of a house in Great Marsden to Thomas Shackleton of Monkroyd; ibid. no. 1118.
31 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 262, 270 (pedigree).
32 Richard Banastre in 1458 obtained land in Colne and Great Marsden from James Walton and Agnes his wife, James retaining a life interest. The reversion of the land of Agnes widow of James Walton the younger was included; Final Conc. iii, 121.
Writs were issued against John Banastre in 1471 and 1473; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. files 11 & 13 Edw. IV.
33 Add. MS. 32104, no. 865, 868. In 1311 Adam son of Nicholas de Holden held 30 acres at 7s. 6d. rent, and Robert de Catlow 16 acres at Catlow at 8s. 2d. rent; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 6.
34 Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), 83, 84.
35 Towneley MS. RR, no. 407. See the account of Radcliffe of Winmarleigh. James Radcliffe the younger in 1443 complained of trespass at Marsden; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 5, m. 3.
36 Add. MS. 32104, no. 934; Richard would be James's nephew. Catlow is called a manor in a somewhat earlier Radcliffe deed (1441); ibid. no. 909.
In 1304 Ralph de 'Schelflet,' probably Scholefield in Little Marsden, had a suit with Roger the Walker and Catherine his wife; Assize R. 419, m. 4. Gilbert de Marsden in 1346 had a close at Scholefield; Coram Rege R. 346, m. 66.
Richard Radcliffe of Astley and Winmarleigh died in 1477 holding two messuages, 60 acres of land, &c., in Great Marsden of the king, as of his lordship of Blackburn, in socage by ½d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 103. The estate is thus described in the Court Rolls: Greswall, Brigholme, Halhill, and Wormley Eaves, near Wolverden to the south of Catlow, an acre of new improvement near Catlow Green on the east side of Catlow, and a messuage with 30 acres of roodland, a croft and 5½ acres of oxgang land; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 226. The same description was given in 1522; ibid. 276, 330.
37 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 7; the land was held of the queen as of her duchy in socage.
38 Ibid. xvi, no. 2.
39 The Sagars were tenants in Colne and Marsden early in the 16th century. Richard Sagar acquired Sidgreave in Marsden in 1548; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 376.
40 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 52–6. William's daughter Anne had married John Walton, Henry being their son. The remainder was to Stephen Sagar of Catlow, younger son of another William Sagar, deceased. A rent of 12d. was due for Catlow. One Henry Walton of Catlow was buried at Colne 17 May 1621; Reg. See also Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 171 n.; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 31—John Sagar then owner and occupant.
41 Baines, loc. cit.—William Sagar, deceased, had owned it. Lawrence Lee or Legh was the owner in 1536; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 342. It passed to John Legh of Croston in 1567; ibid. i, 459, 472.
42 Towneley MS. C 8, 13, M 69.
43 Ibid. M 62. John son of Richard Marsden of Osbaldeston in 1465 gave 'the 6 acre' in Great Marsden to Lawrence son of John Higgin; ibid. M 67, 68.
44 Carr, Annals of Colne, 43–7.
45 Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 314.
46 Harl. MS. 2077, fol. 327; see another version in Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 261–2. The rent is the usual 4d. an acre.
47 Farrer, op. cit. 1, 482.
48 Final Conc. iii, 92. Christopher Marsden was perhaps the brother of Henry Marsden of Southfield named in 1413; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, fol. 881. Another Christopher, son of Henry, occurs in 1431; ibid. M 63. James Banastre of Swinden was plaintiff against James Walton of Colne in 1442 respecting a debt; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 4, m. 1.
49 Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 27, m. 205. Henry and Robert Banastre were concerned in various pleadings between 1552 and 1577; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), i, 254, 255; ii, 332; iii, 2, 21, 32.
50 Harl. MS. 2077 ut sup. These were the Halsteds of Rowley in Worsthorne. John Halsted notes: 'Mem. that about 24th June, 1644, I had taken from Swinden, by Prince Rupert's forces, five beasts to the value of £20. Item, one horse from Rowley by the said Prince's forces to the value of £2. Item, about the . . . I had taken from Swinden by the garrison of Skipton ten oxen and two other beasts to the value of £45 as the market was then. Item, the plunder of my house [meaning probably at Swinden] at their pleasure; which I know not how to value'; Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 233.
51 Harl. MS. 2077, fol. 325; Kuerden fol. MS. p. 230. In 1562 William Lister sold Swinden Hall, with its buildings and lands and right of way to the common pasture called Leigh (Lee), to John Hartley; Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 444.
52 Folds D. (W. Farrer); see the account of Trawden.
53 Richard Towneley had lands in Great Marsden in 1481; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, T 84, 94.
In 1524 George Hoghton and Joan his wife had lands, &c., in Colne, Marsden and Twiston; these were purchased by Nicholas Townley in 1541; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 183; 12, m. 49.
Sir Richard Towneley died in 1554 holding, among other properties, the water-mill in Marsden; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 157.
Henry Higgin in 1558 purchased a messuage, &c., from Lawrence Towneley and Helen his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 19, m. 54. See Ducatus Lanc. ii, 317, 326. Lawrence Higgin died in 1615 holding a messuage in Great Marsden of the king in socage. His heir was his daughter Isabel, aged forty, wife of James Wilson in 1617; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 64.
Edmund Townley of Greenfield and Royle died in 1598 holding lands in Great Marsden and Trawden of the queen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 13.
54 Christopher Hartley in 1565 purchased land from William Lister and Bridget his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 27, m. 208. Robert Hartley made a feoffment of land in Great Marsden and Colne in 1574; ibid. bdle. 36, m. 172.
Nicholas Battersby appears as owner early in the 16th century; Ducatus Lanc. i, 124; iii, 37.
55 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 44. The land was held of the queen in chief by knight's service and a rent of 8d. a year.
56 Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iv, 113–16.
57 In 1660; Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 328. John Mancknowles of Townhouse is named under Colne in Baines' Lancs. Dir. of 1826.
58 Dods. MSS. clv, fol. 176. Christopher Lister was plaintiff in 1543, various persons having broken his close at Marsden and carried cart-loads of stone away; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 174, m. 3 d.
59 Ducatus Lanc. iii, 372.
60 Ibid. 380. The parties were Edward Marsden, who had married Ellen daughter of Lawrence Wilson, and John Halsted, who had married Lawrence's widow Elizabeth. The Wilsons were of old standing in Bradley, Lawrence Towneley in 1483 complaining of some of them breaking his close there; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. file 23 Edw. IV.
61 Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 330. According to depositions of 1592 the road across New Laund led 'through certain lands and tenements of Sir Gilbert Gerard, kt., Master of the Rolls, lying in Marsden (? Scholefield) to a place called the Chamber in Pendle or Hansoncliffe'; Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. clvii, G 2.
Chamber Hill is now the property of Mr. Harry Tunstill of Reedyford.
62 John Legh of Linedred is mentioned about 1450; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1568. In 1515 Sir John Towneley agreed with Nicholas Legh of Linedred (Lynerod) and Alice his wife that his lands in Marsden should pass to Sir John after his death; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, T 154; Add. MS. 32104, no. 834. In 1534 Sir John granted these lands to Charles his second son, and about the same time Gilbert Legh of Elland (Healand), bastard son of Nicholas, sold his interest in Linedred and Marsall to the same Charles Towneley; C 8, 13, T 153, 146. John Towneley succeeded his father Charles in 1539 or 1540; Ct. R. of 31 Hen. VIII. See further in the account of Towneley.
In 1517 Lawrence Legh or Lee son and heir of Isabel late wife of Thomas Legh of Great Marsden had Claverhole in Little Marsden. His wife's name was Clemence and he had a son and heir Robert; ibid. B 289. In 1600 Francis son of Nicholas Legh claimed Southfield and Claverhole, as heir to Robert Legh, against Thomas bastard son of Robert Legh; Ducatus Lanc. iii, 441.
63 Ibid. iii, 179, 194. Whitefield occurs in 1591; ibid. iii, 251, 497.
64 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 410. His son Richard held the same in 1630; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 19.
65 Robert Banastre of Park Hill had land in Little Marsden in 1496; Final Conc. iii, 145. That this was Lomeshaye appears from a deed of 1492, in which this is mentioned by name as a tenement in Little Marsden; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, B 235.
For Reedyford see Farrer, Clitheroe Ct. R. i, 495, 367, 454, 457–8.
66 Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 6. The mill was on Walverden Brook, near the point where Cloughhead Beck (or Townhouse Beck) runs into it. It is possible that the Colne fulling-mill was also on Walverden, where an ancient walk mill is marked on the map.
67 Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xix, 107 d.
68 Ibid. xxi, A 56.
69 Subs. R. bdle. 130, no. 82, Lancs.
70 Ibid. no. 125.
71 Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 212.
72 Ibid. no. 274.
73 Ibid. no. 317.
74 Ibid. bdle. 250, no. 9.
75 It is marked on Greenwood's map of the county dated 1818. In the following year it was the scene of a demonstration by the hand-loom weavers of Colne; Carr, Annals of Colne, 90. In 1826 the tenant was John Hitchin; Baines, Lancs. Dir. ii, 641. The house, enlarged, is still there.
76 The Lomeshaye mills represent a business begun at Edgend about 1740, removed to Lomeshaye about 1770 and carried on ever since by the Ecroyd family.
77 Lond. Gaz. 11 Nov. 1864; the district included parts of Great and Little Marsden, Barrowford and Wheatley Carr.
78 The works were begun by a private company and taken over by the local board in 1866 by Act 29 & 30 Vict. cap. 76. Gas is supplied by these works to Barrowford and Brierfield. The works which had been established at the lastnamed place were purchased by the Nelson board in 1890 under Act 51 & 52 Vict. cap. 146.
79 Act 29 & 30 Vict. cap. 76 and several more recent Acts.
80 Act 46 & 47 Vict. cap. 216. The Corporation own the electric tramways to the borders of Colne and Barrowford, opened in 1903.
81 The town clerk of Nelson has afforded information to the editors.
82 Raines, Chantries (Chet. Soc.), 269.
83 Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 263.
84 Clitheroe Ct. R. of 4 Edw. VI (Halmote of Ightenhill).
85 It was served by 'a bare reader' in 1610; he was paid by the inhabitants; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 10. It is not mentioned at all in the Church Survey of 1650. In 1717 it had a sermon one Sunday afternoon in the month by the curate of Colne; Gastrell, Notitta Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 336.
Curates were nominated for Marsden from 1738 to 1784, as appears by the church papers at Chester Dioc. Reg. viz.:— 1738, Thomas Butterfield; 1739, Elias Harrison; 1742, Joshua Crowther; 1750, Michael Smith, B.A.; 1755, William Fryer; 1756, Henry Wilson, B.A. (St. John's Coll., Camb.). Then the incumbents of Colne were nominated to this curacy till 1814. Before 1811 it was served only once a fortnight and then but once in the day.
86 It had 16s. 8d. in 1717; Gastrell, loc. cit.
87 Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 264. It was Dr. Whitaker who effected the changes.
88 Manch. Dioc. Dir.
89 Lond. Gaz. 20 Feb. 1877.
90 Mr. Taylor has assisted the editors in compiling this list.
91 The district was formed in 1845; Lond. Gaz. 3 Sept. 1845.
92 For district see ibid. 4 Mar. 1873.
93 For district see ibid. 19 Aug. 1879. The church was enlarged in 1908.
94 The first Wesleyan chapel was built in 1811.
95 B. Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. ii, 169.
96 Ibid. 173.
97 In 1665 Richard Hargreaves, John Hartley and fifteen others were presented to the Bishop of Chester 'for Quakers'; Visit. Returns.
Marsden gives a title to a monthly meeting for a district embracing a large part of East Lancashire, from Bolton and Rochdale north to the Ribble.
98 A house at Marsden was certified in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 230. A Quakers' meeting-house at 'Colne' was named in 1717 by Bishop Gastrell. At that time there were twentyfour Quaker families known; Notitia Cestr. ii, 324.
99 At Marsden Height a piece of land was acquired in 1704, but the meetinghouse built on it had been converted into cottages before 1807; Quaker Charities Rep. 1905. There are burial-grounds at Little Marsden, Marsden Height and Heyhead; the first-named is still used.
100 The priest-in-charge, the Rev. Richard Smith, has afforded the editors information about the missions in Blackburn and Whalley.