||The Census Rep. 1901 records 2,302
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xviii, 23.
Portland MSS. (Hist. MSS. Com.),
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. x, 213.
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland), 23.
||a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
||In the knight's fees of Henry Earl of
Lancaster in 1349 the tenants of Downham were the earl himself holding one
plough-land and 2 oxgangs of land in
demesne, where twenty plough-lands made
a knight's fee, Robert de Blackburn
one plough-land, John de Dinelay half a
plough-land, the heir of John son of
William 2 oxgangs of land, the heir of
Hugh de Downham 1½ oxgangs, the heir
of Robert Spendlove ½ oxgang, the heir
of William son of Alan 1 oxgang, the
heir of Henry le Heriz 1 oxgang and
he heir of Richard Cook 3½ acres;
Lansdowne Feodary, printed in Baines'
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 148 n.
||Ibid. 150. Sir Robert de Chester
also held part of Worston (ibid. 216) and
occurs as witness to local charters;
Whalley Couch. (Chet. Soc.), i, 73–5, 320.
||See note above. In 1296 the Earl
of Lincoln's receipts from Downham
were: From the rector of Whalley for
an assart, 4s.; farm of lands, payable on
St. Giles's Day, £8 11s. 5½d.; of demesne
lands, £3 13s. 4d.; of mill, £2 14s.;
of Alexander de Cuerdale, 10s.; of
Mr. Henry de Clayton, 1d.; of William
de Waddington, 1s.; and of Richard the
clerk of Downham 1½d. in lieu of a pair
of gloves; the sale of turf produced
2s. 0½d., the fines and perquisites of
the halmote 10s. 6d., and the impounding of beasts 2s.; De Lacy Compoti
(Chet. Soc.), 10, 11. The only additional receipt in 1305 was 10d. for the
pasture of Greenhow, &c.; ibid. 107.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 318.
From the next note it appears that Henry
held only a third part of the land, though
he appears to have discharged the whole
of the knight's service due from the
manor, which had been increased since
||Ibid. ii, 5. The plough-land held by
the Blackburn family is not mentioned.
The oxgangs in the hands of the free
tenants named amount to 9⅓ in all, or a
third part of three plough-lands and a
Another extent of 1323 is printed
ibid. 192; the free tenants of 1296 were
represented by the heirs of Geoffrey de
Cuerdale and Ralph de Clayton, Walter
de Waddington and Richard the clerk.
Several tenancies had expired and the
net receipts from Downham were
£16 11s. 2½d.
||Towneley MS. DD, no. 2234; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 333, where the
rent of the free tenants is stated at
£1 3s. 4d. only.
A former note shows that John de
Dinelay held half a plough-land in Downham in 1349. He married Margaret,
who is stated to have been daughter of
Henry de Downham; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 41. It was probably the
same John who had complained of an
assault upon him at Downham in 1329
by the Abbot of Sawley and some of the
monks and lay brothers; De Banco R.
278, m. 38 d. Robert de Blackburn demised to him for fifteen years his capital
messuage, &c., in Downham at a rent of
4 marks; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), B 291. In 1348 John de Dinelay
complained against a number of persons
for cutting down his trees, &c., at Downham and Cliviger; De Banco R. 355,
m. 19 d. After acquiring the manor he
proceeded against various people of
Downham for depasturing, &c.; Duchy
of Lanc. Assize R. 3, m. iv.
||Towneley MS. C 8, 13, D 39; the
manor had been acquired without the
king's licence. In the aid of 1346–55
John de Dinelay contributed for the
fourth part of a knight's fee in Little
Downham formerly held by Robert de
Chester; Feudal Aids, iii, 88. He held
similarly in 1361; Inq. p.m. 38 Edw.
III (1st nos.), no. 122.
||Inq. p.m. 41 Edw. III (2nd nos.),
no. 20; the Lancashire part of the inquisition is now illegible, but has been preserved by Towneley. The manor-house
and buildings were in great decay. There
were sixteen tenants holding for terms of
years; Towneley MS. GG, fol. 408,
where the Assheton of Downham deeds
||Inq. p.m. 43 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 32;
the sixteen tenants paid 32s. a year for
their messuages and £7 for 140 acres of
land; the water-mill was worth 31s.
yearly and the halmote 3s. 4d. In addition to the manor he held a messuage
and 5 oxgangs of land of the duke by
knight's service and 20s. rent.
||Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xiv, 106;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13, D 47–8. A
grant by Henry son of Richard de Dinelay
had his armorial seal appended, showing
a fesse and in chief three mullets pierced,
with legend +sigillvm. henric. dynelay;
Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 64.
||C 8, 13, D 49; GG, fol. 409.
||The succession led to disputes. In
1394–5 John Parker and Alice his wife,
then tenants, were to be distrained for
reliefs, &c.; Memo. R. (L.T.R.), 160,
m. 30 d.
In 1395 John de Dinelay claimed the
two-thirds of the manor against John
Parker of Foulridge and Margaret de
Dinelay daughter and heir of Henry;
Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. bdle. 1, file 3,
no. 40. Margaret's guardian was William
de Radcliffe of Todmorden.
In 1396 John de Dinelay claimed
lands in Clitheroe and the Ley and
Holroyds in Cliviger against John Parker,
Richard son of William de Radcliffe of
Todmorden and Margaret his wife, Robert
Holden of Simonstone and Alice his wife.
The estate was traced back to Adam de
Dinelay, who in 1313–14 gave it to his
son John and Margaret his wife; DD,
no. 1205. Their son Richard, who succeeded, was twice married—to Alice de
Kighley and to Alice Franks—having a
son Henry by the former and John
(plaintiff) by the latter; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc.), i, 40–2; Pal. of Lanc.
Chan. Misc. bdle. 1, file 8, m. 23, 24.
Henry's sisters of the whole blood were
(1390) Margaret wife of William Popeley,
Elizabeth wife of Henry Lacy and Isabel
wife of William Parker.
||A detailed account of the dower
assigned to Alice widow of Richard de
Dinelay in 1369 is recorded in Inq. p.m.
45 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 19. She was
still living in 1416.
||Memo. R. (L.T.R.) 176. An inquiry
as to the tenure was ordered in 1414;
Add. MS. 32104, no. 785. The return in
1416 stated that Henry de Dinelay had
held the manor of the king in chief, as of
his crown, by knight's service and a rent
of £12 6s. 7½d. and 2s. for castle ward.
He married Alice daughter of John de
Mallum, who after his death bore a
daughter named Margaret, still living;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. i, no. 15.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 121.
The manor was stated to be held of the
king in chief, as of his crown of England,
by the service of the fourth part of a
knight's fee. His wife Margaret survived
||John son and heir of John Dinelay
of Downham is mentioned in 1423; Dep.
Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 24. Probably
Richard died during minority and his
brother John succeeded.
In 1445–6 John Dinelay, Henry Parr
and Agnes his wife, Christopher Banastre,
John Alanson and Richard Bretherton
held the fourth part of a knight's fee in
Downham, whereof the relief was 25s.
John Dinelay's share was 7s. 5d.; he said
he had been in ward to the king, who
sold it to Robert Halsall, late escheator.
The Parrs' share was 11s. 10d., but Agnes
was in ward. The other shares were
respectively 2s. 11d., 2s. 2d. and 8d.,
which had been received; Duchy of Lanc.
Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20. John
Dinelay was living in 1463; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 75.
From a confused note by Dodsworth it
seems that Richard Dinelay living in
1498–9 was the son of John; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 110b. It seems to be taken
from Richard's answer to a summons to
show by what right he claimed view of
frankpledge, &c., in his manor of Downham; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 13 & 15
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 5.
Agnes was the widow of Richard Dinelay;
she held messuages and land in Downham
and Clitheroe for life by the demise of
John Dinelay father of Richard. Alice
wife of Edmund Haworth also had a
messuage in Downham, and Edward son
of Richard Dinelay had another. From
the age of the grandson it may be inferred
that Richard was born before 1440.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 5.
||Ibid. vii, no. 8; there were also
daughters Grace and Agnes. Nicholas
Hancock was brother-in-law. A messuage,
&c., had been granted to Joan daughter of
Thomas Lister of Westby in Craven.
||For the descent from this time see
Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 120.
In 1548 Henry Dinelay complained that
he had been defrauded of the manor. His
story was that he agreed with Ralph
Greenacres concerning the marriage of
his prospective children; should he have
a son and heir this son was to marry
Ralph's daughter, but should his heir be
a daughter she was to marry Ralph's son.
Being ignorant of Latin he signed certain
deeds which Ralph said would carry out
this arrangement, but which he found
afterwards were a full conveyance of the
manor to Ralph at a perpetual rent of
£20. He charged his uncle Nicholas
Hancock of Lower Higham with a share
in the fraud; Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), iii, 26, 74. One of
the deponents said that Dinelay, when
taken to Serjeants' Inn in London to
acknowledge a fine concerning the manor,
was muffled with his hat-band and covered
with a cloak, though it was only six o'clock
on a summer afternoon—he was afraid of
being recognized and arrested by Ralph
Greenacres. This, however, was denied,
but Dinelay was arrested at Chester. The
court in 1550 decided in favour of Greenacres and awarded him £100 for expenses;
For the recovery (1547) see Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 183, m. 6.
Anne widow of Henry Dinelay died in
1596 holding (in her own right) tenements in Pendleton, Clitheroe Castle
parish, &c. They had a son William, aged
nine in 1600; Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), v,
||Whitaker, loc. cit.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25, m.
100; Edward Dauncey v. Richard Assheton and Jane his wife. Edward Dauncey
contributed to the subsidy at Downham in
1563; Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 250, no. 2.
In 1566 Dauncey, as seised in fee, proceeded against various persons for trespass,
&c.; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 323.
||In 1567; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 221,
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 86.
He held the manor of Downham with
messuages, water-mill, &c., of the queen
as of her duchy of Lancaster.
||Ibid. no. 90. Downham was held of
the queen as of her duchy by the fourth
part of a knight's fee and a rent of
£13 6s. 8d.
In 1588 a settlement of the manor of
Downham was made between Richard
Assheton, Ralph his brother and Ralph's
wife Joan; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 50, m. 178.
||There are documents, &c., relating
to the dispute in Towneley MS. GG, fol.
410; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 210; iii, 209, &c.;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 273, m. 25;
281, m. 11 d.; 297, m. 18; 313, m. 9;
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 237, &c.
||Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz. xli,
||Ibid. cxliv, A 10.
||Ibid. cxlvi, K 4.
||Ibid. clxvi, R 3.
||GG, fol. 409b.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 303, m. 17 d.;
308, m. 9; 312, m. 17; Towneley MS.
C 8, 13, D 46. Richard Assheton in his
defence stated that John de Dinelay, the
grantee in 1354, had a descendant living,
one Richard Illingworth.
||Pat. 13 Jas. I, pt. iii.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 86,
||The Journal of Nicholas Assheton
||It is printed in Whitaker, op. cit. ii,
122–41, and by the Chet. Soc. (old series,
xiv), with notes by Canon Raines. The
great event recorded is the king's visit to
Hoghton Tower. There is a notice of
the writer in Dict. Nat. Biog.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 105,
no. 36. For one in the preceding year
by Richard Assheton and Nicholas his
son and heir-apparent see ibid. bdle. 104,
||Sir Ralph Assheton contributed to
the subsidy of 1626 as for Downham, and
his son's wife was buried there in 1635.
||He was a Parliamentarian, being
placed on the committee for sequestering
Royalists' estates in 1643; Civil War
Tracts (Chet. Soc.), 90.
||The descent is taken from the pedigrees in Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 121, and
Foster, Lancs. Ped.
||For disputes concerning Downham
between Richard Assheton and Sir Edmund (brother of Sir Ralph), 1691–4, see
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiii, App. v. 336–7.
||Abram, Blackburn, 464.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 10.
Richard the son of John was aged twentytwo in 1665, when the pedigree was
||The following outline of the descent
is from Foster's Pedigrees and Abram's
Blackburn: Richard Assheton of Cuerdale
and Downham, d. 1710 -s. Ralph, d.
1705 (?) -s. Ralph, d. 1729 -s. Ralph,
d. 1759 -s. William, high sheriff in 1792,
d. 1833 -s. William, d. 1858 -s. Ralph,
M.P. for Clitheroe (Conserv.) 1868–80,
d. 1907 -s. Ralph Cockayne, born
There was a recovery of the manors of
Downham and Cuerdale and free fishery
in the Ribble and Darwen in 1749, Ralph
Assheton being in possession; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 568, m. 3. Again in
1780, William Assheton tenant (ibid.
632, m. 8); and in 1816, William Assheton the younger; Aug. Assizes, 56 Geo.III,
||Note by W. A. Waddington to
Whitaker, Whalley (ed. 4, 1876), ii,
118–19, from which this description of
the hall is taken.
||Some particulars have been given in
former notes. In 1322 Robert de Blackburn held one plough-land by the twentieth
part of a knight's fee; Henry le Heriz
(in right of his wife) and Margery widow
of William de Cathirton held an oxgang
of land by the eighth part of a knight's
fee; and Richard the Cook held the
fourth part of an oxgang where 20 oxgangs of land made a knight's fee; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, ii, 134–5.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 387–8.
||Adam de Heriz in 1301 gave to
William de Hedersford and Amery his
wife all his land in Ravensholme in
Downham and in Twiston; Add. MS.
32104, m. 879. In the following year
Edmund Talbot acquired the same; Final
Conc. i, 199.
||Inq. p.m. 44 Edw. III (2nd nos.),
no. 2. Cecily widow of Richard the
Cook released 1½ acres in Westrode in
Downham to John de Dinelay in 1344;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 2103.
In 1389–90 John son of Richard the
Cook gave land in Ravensholme to Robert
de Feilden of Pendleton, who transferred
to Thomas de Radcliffe of Winmarleigh;
Towneley MS. GG, fol. 421. The Radcliffe of Winmarleigh estate descended to
Sir Gilbert Gerard, who died in 1594.
The lands in Downham were stated to
be held of Dinelay or Assheton in socage;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 3, &c.
||Robert Worsley died in 1438 holding the fourth part of a messuage called
Ravensholme in Downham of John Dinelay in socage by a rent of 3d. His heir
was a nephew Richard (son of John)
Worsley, aged twenty-two; Towneley
MS. DD, no. 1475.
Richard Worsley married Isabel daughter of Henry Towneley, and died in 1463,
leaving a son Robert, four years old;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 75–7.
In 1465 Richard's widow complained
that Edmund Greenhalgh and Edmund
Pilkington of Tottington had abducted
the heir at Great Mearley; his marriage
belonged to her; Pal. of Lanc. Writs
Proton. 5 Edw. IV. She had in the previous year agreed that he should marry
Elizabeth daughter of Edmund Greenhalgh; Towneley MS. OO, no. 1643.
Robert Worsley died in or before 1486,
when his widow Elizabeth claimed dower
in Downham, Twiston and Mearley
against Richard Aughton, Margaret his
wife, Lawrence Shuttleworth, Elizabeth
his wife, Richard Hoghton, Joan his wife,
Thomas Starkie, Alice his wife and Agnes
Worsley; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 62,
m. 10 d. The women mentioned were
Robert's sisters and co-heirs.
In 1470 Nicholas Shuttleworth agreed
with Isabel widow of Richard Worsley
concerning the marriage of his son and
heir Lawrence with Isabel's daughter
Elizabeth; Folds D.
||A partition was made in 1494;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. loc. cit. In the same
year Richard Radcliffe of Todmorden and
Charles his son released to Margaret
widow of Richard Aughton, Lawrence
Shuttleworth and Elizabeth his wife, John
Banastre and Joan his wife, John Dean
and Agnes his wife, Thomas Starkie and
Alice his wife all claim on lands in Downham, Twiston and Rimington; Add. MS.
32104, fol. 233b. Joan's marriage with
John Banastre was afterwards declared
void by the Archbishop of York, the husband's previous marriage with Elizabeth
Popeley never having been dissolved;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 70.
John Dean died in 1538 holding messuages and lands in Billington, Wilpshire,
Mellor, Downham and Twiston. Those
in Downham were stated to be held of
the king as of his duchy. He had a
second wife named Joan, and left a son
and heir William, aged fifty-three in 1543;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii, no. 12.
Already in 1536 William (described as
son and heir of John Dean by Agnes
sister and co-heir of Robert Worsley)
had agreed to sell his estate in Downham
and Twiston to Sir Thomas Langton;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 163, m. 1. Sir
Thomas afterwards sold to Richard Assheton; GG, fol. 421. The Deans acquired
other land there (Final Conc. iv, 142), for
John Dean alias Jenkin in 1557 granted
land in Downham to Richard son of John
Serjeantson; GG, fol. 422b. John Dean
died in 1616 holding a messuage, &c.,
in Downham of the king as duke by the
hundredth part of a knight's fee. He
left a son and heir John, aged about sixty;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 170.
Part of the land was sold by Richard
Assheton in 1559–61 to John Hatgill of
Holden, Yorks. (GG, fol. 422); he or
his son died in 1617 holding 6 acres of
the king as duke by knight's service and
10d. rent, and the reversion (after the
death of John his father) of 7½ acres
called Ravensholme held of Richard
Assheton by knight's service and 3d. rent.
His son and heir Adam was twelve years
old; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), ii,
||William the Skinner had a spinney
in Holcliff Field from William de Featherston, then lord; it descended to his
grandson William de 'Grenawe,' who in
1306 granted it to Master Henry de
Downham; Liverpool Free Lib. D. (by
Mr. R. Gladstone, jun.).
||There are several tokens of the
Featherston manor. Walter de Waddington was in 1276 called to warrant 2 oxgangs of land in Downham which Robert
de Featherston had given in marriage
with his daughter Sarah wife of Walter
de Waddington, ancestor of the abovenamed Walter; Assize R. 405, m. 3a.
In 1292 Adam de Malsys claimed a
messuage and 4 oxgangs of land in Downham against Robert son of Adam de
Wiswell, alleging that he was son of
William son of one Richard de Malsys,
who had married Alice daughter of William de Featherston. John son of Adam
de Blackburn warranted to defendant,
showing that the said Richard de Malsys
had by charter granted the half ploughland to his ancestor Adam de Blackburn;
Assize R. 408, m. 33 d. The claim was
renewed in 1303, when Robert de Blackburn called Alice, Joan and Henry Dule
and Agnes his wife to warrant him, they
being next of kin and heirs of Adam de
Blackburn; De Banco R. 145, m. 187;
146, m. 14 d.
Robert de Blackburn had in 1292 to
defend his title to one plough-land in
Downham against John son of Adam son of
John de Blackburn. It appeared that
John and Robert were half-brothers, the
latter being Adam's son by a second wife,
Alice, and holding by his father's grant
to him; Assize R. 408, m. 27 d., 64 d.
Alice afterwards married Adam de Pemberton, and claimed dower against Robert
de Blackburn; ibid. m. 56 d. In 1296
Adam son of Adam de Blackburn
claimed 4 oxgangs of land in Downham
against William son of Adam de Blackburn; De Banco R. 114, m. 86 d.
The following Downham charters have
been preserved by Towneley (MS. C 8,
13, in the Chetham Library): William
de Featherston to Adam de Blackburn,
4 oxgangs of land at 4s. rent—F 39;
Richard de Malalis (Malsys) to Adam de
Blackburn, half a plough-land at 4s. rent
and the service of the fortieth part of a
knight's fee—M 74; Adam son of John
de Blackburn to Robert his son and Alice
his wife, one plough-land—B 290; Adam
de Blackburn to John his son, land at 8d.
rent—B 292; Henry de Downham clerk
to Adam de Blackburn, 'my lord,' land
and also an oxgang of land—B 41, 40.
In 1296 Master Henry de Downham
recovered 4 acres in Downham against
Robert son of Adam de Blackburn of
Wiswell; De Banco R. 111, m. 79 d.
||John de Blackburn of Garston died
in 1405 holding 6 oxgangs of land in
Downham of the king as of his duchy
by knight's service; Towneley MS. DD,
||John Ireland died in 1514 holding
lands in Downham of the king as duke
by the fortieth part of a knight's fee;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 16.
||Gilbert son of William de Featherston gave to Whalley Church 4 acres
lying between the brooks descending between Hareshaw and Nutshaw, in North
towards the abbey (Sawley), and near
Brette Street towards Chatburn; Whalley
Couch. i, 318. Henry de Cotes gave
9 acres of arable land and 2 acres of
meadow between Monkdyke on the east,
Millbrook on the south, Cockshaw and
Cockshaw syke as far as Ravensholme,
to Peter de Chester as rector of Whalley;
Roger rector of Whalley gave 4 acres
under Greenhow to Jordan son of William the Skinner at 2s. rent; ibid. 320.
William de Greenhow, probably the son
of Jordan (cf. a former note), gave them
back for an endowment of the chapel;
ibid. 321. The rental of 1537 shows
only two tenants paying 17s. 8d. in all;
ibid. iv, 1218.
The Whalley lands in Downham were
granted to John Braddyll in 1545; Pat.
36 Hen. VIII, pt. xi.
L. and P. Hen. VIII, xiii (1), p. 409;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 245.
||Christiana widow of Robert son of
Robert de Downham claimed dower
against Henry de Lacy Earl of Lincoln
in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 57 d.
Anthony Watson of Coldcoats held
land in Downham of the queen in 1568
by knight's service and 4s. 4d. rent;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 36.
His son Thomas held similarly (rent
4s. 8d.) in 1579; ibid. xiv, no. 28.
Anthony Watson (son of Thomas) and
Dorothy his wife sold messuages in 1583
to Roger Dilworth and to John
Brotherton (? Bretherton); Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 45, m. 125, 163.
Thomas Dilworth died in or before
1628 holding of the king as duke, and
leaving a widow Agnes and a daughter
and heir Janet (aged twenty-seven), wife
of George Shuttleworth; Towneley MS.
C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 340. Henry
Brotherton of Howcliff (cf. Holcliff
above) died in 1617 holding a messuage,
&c., in Downham of the king in chief by
knight's service and 14d. rent. He left
a widow Margaret, a son and heir
John (aged five) and several daughters.
He desired to be buried in the church
or churchyard of Downham, and left
a cupboard, an ark and a counter to
his son; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.),
William son of Nicholas Hancock died
in 1586 holding a messuage in Downham
of the queen as of her duchy by the sixtyeighth part of a knight's fee. He married
Ellen daughter of Simon Haydock and
left a daughter and heir Isabel, aged
seven; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv,
James Middleton died in 1562 holding
two messuages, &c., in Downham of the
queen as of her castle of Clitheroe in
socage, by a rent of 2s. 11½d. His son
John, aged forty-nine in 1608, succeeded;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 108. In
a later inquisition the tenure was recorded
as 'by the 120th part of a knight's fee
and 2s. 11½d. rent'; ibid. ii, 20.
Richard Allan died in 1608 holding
two messuages, &c., of the king as duke
by the 100th part of a knight's fee. His
heirs were two daughters, Isabel wife of
John Smithies and Sibyl wife of James
Oddy, aged fifty-six and fifty; ibid. 171.
Isabel seems to have become sole heiress.
She died in 1625 and her husband a year
or so later, holding two messuages of the
king as duke by the 200th part of a
knight's fee. Her son and heir William
was about thirty-four years old;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 1090.
||Lay Subs. Lancs. bdle. 130, no. 82,
||Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 317.
||Ibid. bdle. 250, no. 9.
||Land tax returns at Preston.
||Whitaker, Whalley, i, 116. It is
called St. Leonard's about 1300; Whalley
Couch. i, 321.
||Whitaker, op. cit. i, 87. Gifts of
land have been recorded above.
||Augm. Off. Misc. Bks. clxx, m. 19.
Two bells and a chalice are mentioned in
another account; Raines, Chantries (Chet.
Soc.), 275, 269. Two other bells seem
to have been left at Downham; ibid.
259, 263. The 'ornaments' were worth
5s. 10d.; ibid. 277.
||Whitaker, op. cit. ii, 144.
||The spout heads bear the date 1800.
||The roof was stripped and repaired
||The old bell had 'Sca. Katharina
ora pro nobis'; Whitaker.
||a Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 10.
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 165. The people
wished it to be made a parish church
with a competent maintenance. The
additional allowance of £30 had been
made in 1648; Whitaker, op. cit. i, 221.
It was confirmed or renewed in 1656;
Plund. Mins. Accts. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 162. It was to come from the
rectory of Whalley; ibid. 176.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 328. There were four wardens.
||Ibid. 329. Queen Anne's Bounty
added another £200.
||Ibid. 330 n.
Manch. Dioc. Dir.
||In 1541 Duckworth was paid by the
vicar of Whalley; Clergy List (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 18. He is named later in
the visitation lists of 1548, 1554, 1562
and 1563, but in the last of these his
name is crossed out and the curacy is
stated to be vacant.
||Visitation List of 1565. In 1598
it was reported to the bishop that 'all
was well' at Downham. About 1610
Carrier was reported to be 'no preacher';
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 10.
His will was proved in 1612.
||N. Assheton, Journal (Chet. Soc.),
82, 87. He is called 'Sir James alias
Mr. Whalley'; ibid. 126. The will of
a James Whalley, clerk, of Danefield,
Blackburn, was proved at Chester in
||He was approved by the committee
of ministers 1 Apr. 1645, but may have
been in charge earlier; Whitaker, op.
cit. i, 221. One of this name, of Simonstone, graduated at Oxford in 1635;
Plund. Mins. Accts. ii, 110. Hey
was still there in 1659; ibid. 289.
||The chapel was vacant in 1671;
||Visit. List of 1691; also curate of
Whitewell. As 'vicar' he was 'conformable' in 1689; Hist. MSS. Com.
Rep. xiv, App. iv, 229.
||His will was proved in 1702.
||The church papers at Chester Dioc.
Reg. begin with the nomination of this
curate by the vicar of Whalley.
||Schoolmaster of Clitheroe 1693–
||This would be the son of the vicar
of Whalley, who was curate of Preston
and became incumbent of Burnley in
||Nominated by N. Curzon. Cowgill
was also incumbent of Clitheroe 1739–43.
||Licensed to Clitheroe also in 1743
||Nominated by Assheton Curzon.
This incumbent was afterwards prebendary
of Canterbury, &c.
||Nominated by Assheton Curzon.
||Nominated by the Hon. G. A. W.
Curzon, by the advice of his mother and
guardian. Mr. Wilson was head master
of Clitheroe School, &c., 1775–1813.
||Nominated by R. W. Penn Curzon.
Mr. Starkie was also vicar of Blackburn.
||Nominated by R. W. P. Curzon.
Mr. Abbott had other charges and was
head master of Clitheroe Grammar School
from 1841 till his death in 1852; J. Carr,
||Duchy of Lanc. Special Com. 98.
||Duckworth had three companions
in the visitation lists of 1548, but was
alone in later years.
||N. Assheton, Journal (Chet. Soc.),
||Visit. Returns at Chester. James
Whipp had been presented in 1665 for
having private Quaker meetings in his
house. Bishop Gastrell in 1717 knew
of no Dissenters.
||Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 329; End. Char.
||Gastrell, op. cit. ii, 330; cf. End.