||5,631, including 4 of inland water;
Census Rep. 1901.
||T. C. Smith, Hist, of Chipping, 3.
||Ibid. 6. For 'Mischief night,' the
eve of May Day, see ibid. 52.
||In 1843 about a fourth of the land
was arable, though little wheat was grown;
T. C. Smith, Longridge, 202.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b. 'Chipinden'
or Chippingdale then probably included
Leagram and Little Bowland, and perhaps
part of Thornley.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 382; see also
the account of Aighton.
||In the account of the lands of John
de Lacy in 1241–2 is found a sum of 11s.
from Chipping, and it occurs again in
1258; Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 156, 217.
In 1302 John son of Robert del Hall
held land of the Earl of Lincoln by the
fortieth part of a knight's fee; ibid, i,
319. From later inquisitions it appears
that this was in Chipping; Baines, Lancs.
(ed. 1870), ii, 693, from the Lansdowne
Feodary. In 1311 Joppe of the Hall
held a plat of the earl, rendering 1d.
yearly, and Thomas son of Kutte did suit
for his tenement to the court of Clitheroe;
De Lacy Inq. (Chet. Soc.), 18, 19.
Later there are but few tokens of the
dependency on Clitheroe; see Lancs. Ct.
R. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 48, 62.
In 1356 a number of suitors of the courts
of Clitheroe are named, among them being
Adam de Hoghton and Adam son of William
for tenements in Chipping, Richard son of
Thomas de Knoll for Thornley and John
de Bailey for Aighton; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 5, m. 10 d. In a survey made
in 1445–6 Chipping was stated to be held
of the king as of his duchy in socage for
100 solidates of land; Duchy of Lanc.
Knights' Fees, bdle. 2, no. 20.
||Assize R. 408, m. 53. Earlier than
this may be a release by the widow of
William de Moton to Adam de Hoghton
of her right in the Wetridding, received
from John de Chipping for a third part
of the mill; Add. MS. 32106, no. 1500.
In 1304 Siegrith or Siota widow of
Richard son of Margery de Chipping
claimed dower in lands held by Richard
de Hoghton, Agnes widow of Adam de
Hoghton, William de Southworth, William son of John son of Bimme de Whittingham, Adam son of Isabel de Whittingham and Alice his wife and others;
also against Robert de Pleasington in
respect of a sixth part of the water-mill;
De Banco R. 149, m. 52–3; 152, m. 38 d.
For his part Richard de Hoghton summoned Roger son of Richard son of Margery to warrant him; ibid. 153, m. 124.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), ii, 14.
In 1312 Richard son of Adam de
Hoghton gave land in Chipping to his
daughter Margery wife of Thomas de
Hothersall; Add. MS. 32107, no. 348.
Richard de Hoghton was in 1328 described as chief lord when he appeared
among the defendants to a claim for a
messuage and lands put forward by Emma
daughter of William the Ward of Chipping. Her brother Thomas had succeeded,
but had been divorced from his wife
Hawise for consanguinity; hence his son
Richard was dispossessed. The other defendants were William son of Richard de
Hoghton, William de Greenhulls (Hoghton bailiff) and Richard son of John de
Greenhulls; Assize R. 1400, m. 234 d.
Richard de Hoghton in 1328 granted
his son William the homage of John son
of William de Dodhill; Towneley MS.
OO, no. 1504.
Final Conc, iii, 3, of the year 1377;
it was settled on Henry, younger son of
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 12;
the inquisition after the death of Sir
Henry. In later inquisitions in the same
volume no rent is mentioned nor is a
'manor' claimed; ibid. 81, 127–9.
A messuage, 7 acres of land and 5 acres
of meadow in Chipping, given in 1407 by
Sir Richard Hoghton to his chantry at
Ribchester, were held of Sir Henry de
Conway by a rent of 6d.; Inq. a.q.d.
file 438, no. 26.
In 1478 Agnes widow of Henry Hoghton claimed dower in twenty-one messuages, &c., in Chipping; Pal. of Lanc.
Writs Proton. 18 Edw. IV.
||So in that of Alexander Hoghton,
1498, and later; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, no. 66; xiv, no. 26, &c. The
manor of Chipping, with fifty messuages,
water-mill, dovecote, &c, was in 1602
settled on Sir Richard Hoghton and
Katherine his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 64, no. 73. This manor was
included in a general settlement in 1616;
ibid. bdle. 89, no. 41.
||a The bounds of the manor show that
it covered the whole township; they went
up Chipping Brook, Peacock Brook, Carr
Hey Brook, east to Threapleigh, to Burn
slack, west to the edge of Bleasdale Hill,
Mereclough, Broadhead, down Bleasdale
Brook to the Loud, and back to the
starting-point. The pleadings are printed
by T. C. Smith, Chipping, 16–21.
||Land in Chipping was held of Richard
Hoghton in 1622 and of Lord Strange in
1633; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), 507. In 1626 a court was held by
Richard Hoghton as lord of the manor;
T. C. Smith, Chipping, 22. It appears
that the manor was purchased out of the
portion of Charlotte de la Tremouille in
1629–30; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 226. It is not
named among the estates of Sir Richard
Hoghton, who died in 1631. In 1642 a
settlement of the manors of Goosnargh
and Chipping was made by William Earl
of Derby, James Lord Strange and Charlotte his wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdle. 141, no. 31.
For other references see Lancs, and
Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
ii, 244, 247.
||It is stated to have been sold as
early as 1641 to James Walmesley and
others; and in 1649 Elizabeth Walmesley,
widow, held a court baron; T. C. Smith,
Chipping, 24, 23.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv,
no. 51, after the death of Robert Shireburne, gent.
||De Banco R. 32, m. 24; 36, m. 71.
By an inquiry in 1274 it was found that
one Roger Haslinghead, hanged for felony,
had held of Adam de Knoll a messuage
and half an oxgang of land in Chipping,
which had been in the king's hands for a
year and a day; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 241. Seisin was accordingly restored
to Adam; Cal. Close, 1272–9, p. 90.
Adam son of Richard de Knoll held a
tenement in 1292 which was unsuccessfully claimed by Bernard de Hacking;
Assize R. 408, m. 42. Adam seems to
have been living in 1305; Assize R. 419,
m. 4; 420, m. 8. Alice widow of Adam
de Knoll claimed dower in a messuage,
&c., against Master Richard de Hoghton
and Agnes de Scopham in 1308; while in
1312 Richard son of Adam de Knoll
claimed land against Alice widow of
Adam; De Banco R. 173, m. 185; 195,
m. 219 d.
It is said that Robert son of Richard de
Chipping made a grant of land to Richard
son of Lewis de Knoll, to whom Roger de
Whitaker made another gift; also that
Henry de Thelwall gave land near the
Kirk brigg to Richard de Knoll; T. C.
Smith, Chipping, 7, 8 (quoting the Derby
||John de Knoll, Richard le Surreys
and others were in 1292 stated to have
thrown down a dyke to the injury of the
free tenement of William de Whittingham, clerk; Assize R. 408, m. 61 d.
John de Knoll, Adam his brother and
Richard son of John were in 1308–9
among the defendants to a claim for a
messuage, &c., made by John son of
Thomas son of Christiana de Chipping, in
virtue of a grant from his father, who was
still living; Assize R. 423, m. 1. This
John appears to be the ancestor of the
Knolls of Thornley, according to the
pedigree in Smith, Chipping, 33.
John son of Richard de Pleasington
appeared in 1355 by his custodee against
Richard son of Richard de Knoll, Ellis de
Whitlydale, and John son of Richard de
Knoll, who held a tenement in Chipping
claimed by him; Duchy of Lanc. Assize
R. 4, m. 6 d. It was alleged that Robert
de Pleasington, grandfather of plaintiff,
had given the tenement to his son Richard
in the time of Edward II; for the defence it was stated that part had belonged
to Alice wife of Robert and grandmother
of plaintiff, and that she had given them
to Richard son of Adam de Knoll and to
the said Richard son of Richard; ibid.
5, m. 27. A grant by Robert de
Pleasington to Richard son of Adam de
Knoll in 1313 is in P.R.O.; Anct. D.
A 7462. Richard de Knoll of Helmefield was plaintiff in 1357; Duchy of
Lanc. Assize R. 6, m. 1.
||The above-named Richard son of
Adam de Knoll or Knolls (Knowles) had
by his wife Cecily sons named Thomas
and Richard. From a pleading of 1329
it appears that one Richard son of
Christiana (perhaps the Christiana de
Chipping of the note preceding) granted
a messuage and land to Roger de Wedacre, free for ten years, but subject to a
rent afterwards. As Roger refused to
pay this rent, the property was demised to
Richard de Knoll and his sons, whereupon Roger claimed; Assize R. 427,
From a confused statement drawn up
about 1550 (Add. MS. 32106, no. 1086)
it appears that Richard de Knolls, son of
William (sic) and father of Lawrence,
gave Lawrence a moiety of his lordship
of the town of Chipping in 1329, the
other moiety descending to Lawrence at
Richard's death in or before 1348. In
the same year John de Knolls, also son of
Richard, made a feoffment of his lands,
water-mill, &c., and Emma his widow in
1373, holding in dower, also granted
to feoffees, who afterwards gave to Roger
de Knolls. A release was made to
Lawrence Knolls in 1446–7. 'John
Knowles was the son of Christopher
Knowles and father of Isabel Knowles;
which Isabel married Roger Shireburne,
and they had issue Robert Shireburne,
which Robert had issue Roger, now
Lawrence son of Richard de Knoll
appears in 1344–7; Assize R. 1435, m. 9,
15, 37. Lawrence in 1348 proved his
right to a messuage, &c., in Chipping held
by Ralph de Knoll and by Thomas son of
John de Knoll and Richard and John sons
of Thomas; Assize R. 1444, m. 8.
One Adam de Knoll was in 1360
charged with an assault on Thomas son
of Roger de Knoll at Thornley; Assize
R. 451, m. 21.
A John son of Richard de Knoll appears to have forfeited his lands for felony,
as they remained in the king's hands from
1382 to 1409 (Lancs. Inq. p.m. Chet.
Soc. i, 72); but Thomas son of Roger
de Knoll alleged that he had purchased
some or all of the lands in Chippingdale
after the king's pardon had been obtained;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 355; xl,
From inquiry made in 1425 it appears
that certain lands of Thomas son of
Roger son of Lawrence de Knoll had
been given to his wife Katherine, who
afterwards married Geoffrey de Warburton
of Newcroft in Flixton, the reversion
being to Lawrence son of Thomas; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 9–11; i, 73.
Richard and Edmund sons of Lawrence
Knoll are mentioned in 1448; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 11, m. 31. Margaret
widow of Richard Knoll claimed dower
in 1473; Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton.
13 Edw. IV.
Final Conc, iii, 143.
||T. C. Smith, Chipping, 73 (from
||Ibid. 227, from the Inq. p.m. among
the Derby MSS. His estate included
closes called the Knott, Whitacre and
Birchenlee. The mill and lands in Chipping were held of the Earl of Derby (as
of his manor of Thornley) in socage.
Roger the son and heir of Robert seems
to have been married as early as 1523 to
Margaret daughter of John Bradley.
Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst
and Roger Shireburne of 'Millhouse' in
1554 agreed that the latter should not
alienate his estate, and that in default of
male issue by Grace, then Roger's wife, it
should go successively to Hugh and
Henry, Roger's brothers; Add. MS.
32106, no. 1085. In 1569 there appears
to have been an exchange of lands, &c.,
in Chipping between Roger Shireburne
and Thomas Hoghton; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 31, m. 171, 184.
From the pedigree printed in Dugdale's
Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 265, it appears that
the succession was as follows: Roger
-s. Robert -s. Roger -s. Robert. The
last-named died in 1627 holding the
'manor' as stated in the text, and leaving
as heir his brother Henry, aged twentytwo; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no.
51. An agreement between Henry and
Isabel, Robert's widow, was made about
the same time; Add. MS. 32106, no.
1095. From the same pedigree it appears
that another brother John succeeded and
sold Wolfhouse to his uncle, John Shireburne, who had a son Robert and grandson Edward, who seems to have died
From a fine of 1638, however, it seems
that the younger John Shireburne transferred his manor of Chipping, with watermill, dovecote, various messuages and
lands, to Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst, perhaps as trustee; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 133, no. 27.
Robert Shireburne (father of Edward)
was succeeded by his brother Alexander,
the vendor. Various details of the
descent will be found in Smith, op. cit.
and Sherborn, Fam. of Sherborn, 59–66.
For the Shireburnes of Knott, a branch
of the Wolf house family, see ibid. 114–16.
||In 1607 the two-thirds part of Roger
Shireburne's estate sequestered for recusancy was granted out by the Crown; Pat.
5 Jas. I, pt. i.
||In the composition papers it is stated
that the above-named Isabel widow of
Robert afterwards married Thomas Helme
of Goosnargh, and that Robert's lands
were sold to a William Parker. Parker's
estate was sequestered for 'delinquency,'
and the widow was allowed the £15 a
year she claimed in 1651; Cal. Com. for
Comp. iv, 2782.
About the same time John Shireburne
claimed allowance of his title to the
manor of Chipping, of which Parker was
in possession by conveyance from the said
John in 1641. Parker had granted him
a rent-charge of £10 a year for life and
covenanted to provide him in meat, drink,
apparel and lodging and keeping for a
horse. Robert Shireburne, the son of
John, in 1653 begged allowance of his
title to Chipping Manor, Wolfhall, the
Knotts, &c, conveyed to him by his
father, William Parker having unjustly
intruded thereon. This claim was admitted and the sequestration discharged
as from 24 Dec. 1649; ibid, iii, 2300.
John Shireburne of Staffordshire, probably the John who sold to his uncle of
the same name, complained that his
estate had been sequestered as to twothirds on the supposition that he was a
recusant; but he'has been and is conformable and was never convicted'; ibid.
The will of Robert (son of John)
Shireburne, dated 1668, bequeathing the
manor of Chipping, Wolfhall, &c., to his
brother Alexander is printed in Smith,
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 201,
m. 111. The estate is described as the
manor of Chipping, with twenty messuages, &c., and a water-mill in Chipping
and Thornley. Alexander Shireburne was
joined with his wife Frances in the fine.
||Ibid. bdle. 212, m. 109. The deforciants were Christopher Wilkinson,
Ellen his wife, John Shireburne, William
Banks and Anne his wife. William
Patten and Thomas Naylor appear as
trustees for Thomas Patten in a later fine;
ibid. bdle. 213, m. 8.
The date of purchase by Thomas Patten
is given as 6 Feb. 1679–80 in Smith,
Some particulars of the later years of
Alexander Shireburne will be found in the
work above cited—Fam. of Sherborn, 65–7.
He was a recusant in 1680; Smith, op.
||See the account of Thornley.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 375.
About 1535 the knights' bailiff of Chipping had a fee of 33s. 7d.; Valor Eccl.
(Rec. Com.), v, 69. In a rental of 1609
it is recorded that the Hospitallers had
held Highfield, &c., of the king as of his
manor of Chipping by a rent of 1s.;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132b.
William Hall, hanged in 1506, had
held lands in Chipping and Dutton of the
Prior of St. John by a rent of 7s. 6d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 19.
||Pat. 9 Jas. I, pt. xxvii. The manor
was parcel of the preceptory of Newland
||Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 132. There
were free rents in many townships, lands
in Claughton and perquisites of courts.
Sir Richard Shireburne of Stonyhurst,
who died in 1594, had held lands in
Chipping, but the tenure was not known;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 3.
After the above-named purchase Richard
Shireburne (1628) was seised of the
manors of Haworth and Chipping, but the
tenure is not stated; ibid, xxvi, no. 4.
||T. C. Smith, Chipping, 23.
||Baines, Lancs. Dir. ii, 633. A
similar statement is made in his later
Hist, of Lancs, (ed. 1836, iii, 362), with
the addition that the Earl of Derby had
recently purchased the manor.
||Roger de Lacy gave to John de
Dinckley (Dunkekanlega) an oxgang of
land in the vill of Chipping formerly held
by Alexander de Chipping, a rent of 12d.
being payable; Harl. MS. 2077, fol. 324.
John son of Uctred de Dinckley gave
St. Mary of Sawley Haselhurstridding, and,
desiring that it should be held free from
all secular service, charged his oxgang in
Chipping with any such service due from
his gift. Confirmations were granted by
Robert, Gilbert and Alice, the children
of John de Dinckley. Geoffrey son of
Richard le Waleys by the above-named
Alice, who had been tenant of Haselhurstridding, gave part of Coueracres to
the monks, the bounds naming Evisbrook,
Mersyke, Brundeparloc (? Parlick Brow)
and Covihill. These charters, from Harl.
MS. 112, fol. 72b, are printed in Whitaker, Whalley, ii, 483–4.
The Sawley land, called Helhurst in
Chipping, was granted by the Crown to
Sir Arthur Darcy in May 1538; L. and P.
Hen. VIII, xiii(i), g. 1115 (13).
||Several references to them will be
found in preceding notes.
John de Chipping gave land to William
son of Adam de Aula; T. C. Smith,
Chipping, 7. In 1280 Cecily widow of
William de la Sale claimed dower against
John de Chipping and others; De Banco
R. 36, m. 45 d. Siegrith daughter of
Adam de Chippindale was in 1292 nonsuited in her claim for a tenement in the
place held by Thomas de Chippindale and
John Bimmeson of Whittingham; Assize
R. 408, m. 76. At the same time Alice
widow of Roger son of William de Chipping claimed as dower the third part of
three messuages, 24 acres of land and
8 acres of meadow held by Robert the son
of Roger; ibid. m. 64 d.
Emma daughter of Richard son of
Margery de Chipping in 1304 recovered
an oxgang of land, &c., against Roger the
son and heir of Richard and William his
brother, she alleging a grant from their
father; ibid. 419, m. 2.
John son of John del Hall of Chipping
in 1322 held 10 acres in Chipping by
the fortieth part of a knight's fee; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, ii, 134.
In 1336 William son of John de
Chippindale claimed various plats of
land against John de Dudhill, Adam son
of Thomas de Hothersall and Roger le
Sotheryn (Surreys); De Banco R. 306,
John son of Adam son of Robert de
Chipping and Cecily widow of Henry the
Wright in 1358 obtained a writ concerning messuages and land in Chipping;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 337.
Margaret widow of Lawrence del Hall
of Chippingdale in 1402 released her right
in land in Anstehalgh in Ribchester;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 353.
In 1506 William Hall held a messuage
and land in Chipping of the king as of
his castle of Clitheroe by a rent of 18d.;
being convicted of felony in Middlesex
he was imprisoned at Newgate and afterwards hanged; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
iii, no. 19. William son and heir of
Robert Hall enfeoffed his uncle Roger
Hall of Gainsborough of all his lands in
Dutton, Chipping and Chippingdale;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 181. Roger Hall
was the king's bailiff of Gringley, Notts.
||Adam son of Richard de Greenhills
granted to Sir Adam de Hoghton all his
land in Robert's-croft on the eastern side
of Cresswell Syke, just as he had received
it by gift of Adam son of Thurstan;
Dods. MSS. cxlii, fol. 54.
||John son of John de Greenhill in
1310 gave to Henry de Dinckley and
Maud his wife land in Chipping, the
bounds of which began on the eastern
side of Mabholm, went down to the
Loud, ascended this stream to Barton
Hey, thence north to the Foul outlane as
far as Diksnape Syke, and southward to
the starting-point; Ct. of Wards, box
13 A, no. FD 27. The same Henry and
Maud in 1358 obtained land between
Whitacres and Countes Hey and between
the Black Moss and Loud; ibid. no.
FD 45; box 13 B. These and other
lands in Chipping, Wheatley, Wilpshire
and Dinckley seem to have come to
Richard Hirde and Margaret his wife by
1418–21; ibid, box 13 A, no. FD 24, 16,
37, 15, I; box 13 B.
In 1455 they were transferred to
William son and heir-apparent of John
Wawne ('Wawan') of Chippingdale, John
having been son and heir of Margaret
Hirde; ibid, box 13 B; 13 A, no. FD 18,
28. William Wawne, Elizabeth his wife
and Thomas his son and heir occur in
1469; ibid. FD 11.
WilliamWawne son and heir of Thomas
in 1520 gave to feoffees his close or pasture land called Marebonne, occupied by
Edward Helme, for the use of Grace,
grantor's wife, in accordance with an
agreement between his mother Anne and
one Nicholas Walmesley; ibid. FD 30.
William Wawne, described as 'of Wheatley,' in 1566 made a feoffment of lands
in Wheatley, Chipping and Ashley (in
Whittingham) for the use of his son and
heir Nicholas; ibid. FD 13. In the
following year Nicholas married Ellen
daughter of Edward Sharpies of Osbaldeaton; ibid, box 13 B.
Edmund Wawne son of Nicholas died
in or before 1592 holding a messuage in
Chipping of Robert Shireburne by a rent
of 6d., and 4 acres improved from the
waste, held of the queen by the hundredth
part of a knight's fee; also lands in
Wheatley and Ashley; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xv, no. 13. His mother Ellen
is named, and his heir was his younger
brother Thomas, thirteen years of
||In 1426 a messuage and lands with
common of turbary were settled on John
Brown and Alice his wife, with remainders
to their children Thomas, Richard, Joan
and Agnes, and in default to the right
heirs of Christiana de Greenhills, mother
of Alice; Final Conc, iii, 91. This Alice
was perhaps the mother of John Formby
named in the account of Studley in
Evan Brown died in 1545 holding a
messuage in Chipping, and his brother
George in 1567 holding of Thomas
Hoghton by 1d. rent; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. vii, no. 24; xi, no. 4. James
Brown in 1586 held similarly; ibid, xiv,
||Stephen de Ravenshaw contributed
to a subsidy in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), 80. William
son of Stephen de Ravenshaw in 1342
acquired land and wood in Chipping from
William de Ravenshaw the younger and
Alice his wife; Final Conc, ii, 115.
William was afterwards outlawed for
felony, but in 1360 his lands were released
to the superior lord, Sir Adam de Hoghton;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 341.
||The name either as Surreys or
Sothron occurs frequently in the neighbourhood.
Alice widow of Hugh le Surreys released to Roger son of Bimme her dower
right in Boothhurst in Chipping, which
Hugh had granted to Roger; Dods. MSS.
cxlii, fol. 56b. The same Roger, it may
be added, had a grant of Coppedhurst
from Emmota de Meluir; Add. MS.
32106, no. 1495.
Thomas (son of Hugh) lc Surreys in
1288 claimed land in Chipping against
Roger son of William de Chipping and
John son of Roger; De Banco R. 72,
m. 40; 89, m. 19. Richard le Surreys
was defendant in 1292 and plaintiff in
1301; Assize R. 408, m. 64d.; 419,
||Robert Startevant of Chipping in
1304–5 claimed various lands in the
township as son of Robert son of Bimme
the White, averring that his father had
died during a pilgrimage to the Holy
Land; Assize R. 419, m. 4; 420, m. 9,
10. Among the defendants were Master
Richard de Hoghton, Agnes widow of
Adam de Hoghton, William and Thomas
de Helme, Roger son of Richard son of
Margery de Chipping, William son of
John son of Bimme de Whittingham,
John de Greenhill and Richard son of
With regard to the surname White it
may be added that Robert son of Robert
le Blund in 1246 claimed 6 acres in
Chipping against John son of William;
ibid. 404, m. 3.
||Richard de Catterall in 1244 held
lands of the heir of the Earl of Lincoln;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 160.
The Bartons of Barton long held a close
called Barton Hey of the Hoghtons, without any known service; see, for example,
Lancs.Inq.p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 8. They occur as early as 1298, in which
year John de Barton called upon Master
Richard de Hoghton (as mesne lord) to
acquit him of service demanded by Henry
de Lacy Earl of Lincoln; De Banco R. 122,
m. 62 d.
Lawrence Starkie died in 1532 holding
land of the king by knight's service;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 21.
Disputes between the heirs occurred in
1540; Ducatus Lanc, i, 165. The Chippingdale estate seems to have been sold by
one of the co-heirs—Etheldreda wife of
Humphrey Newton — to Sir Richard
Shireburne in 1565; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 27, m. 112.
The tenure of the Chippingdale lands of
George Kirkby of Up Rawcliffe is not recorded; they appear to have been sold by
his brother William to Gabriel Hesketh
in 1563; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi,
no. 8; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 25,
m. 197. This was perhaps the estate
afterwards held by the Heskeths of Poulton of Shireburne of Wolfhouse by a
rent of 2s. 5 Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), iii, 364–6.
Jane Beesley, widow, in 1585 held the
moiety of a messuage called Peacock Hey,
&c, but the tenure is not stated; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 24. Francis
Beesley in 1609 held his lands, &c, in
Chipping of Richard Hoghton; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 138–9.
The tenure of Richard Walton's messuage (1594) is not recorded; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi, no. 42; xvii, no. 48.
That of Joshua Galland (1638) was of the
king by knight's service; ibid, xxx, no. 17.
John Bairstowe of Brownhurst had
lands in Chipping, 1623–4; Chan. Iaq.
p.m. ii, Misc. 515–78.
||Kuerden MSS. iii, H 3. The earliest
deed is a grant by Richard son of John de
Knoll to Adam son of William de Halton
of a messuage in Chipping in 1332. John
Halton appears from 1451–2 to 1479 and
Miles his son and heir (who calls James
Helme 'my uncle') in 1466 and 1477,
in which latter year John, his son and
heir, was espoused to Margaret daughter
of Robert Mason. Miles again occurs in
1481 and 1497–8; and James the brother
and heir of John Halton, deceased in
1505–6, was bound to Margaret, the
widow of John, who had married Nicholas
||The place may have taken a name
from the Heskeths recorded in the last
note but one.
In 1291 Geoffrey son and heir of
Benedict de Chipping claimed land against
Christiana daughter of William the Wainwright and John son of William de Alston
of Helme; it was alleged that Robert son
of Benedict de Chipping had demised the
land to William de Alston; De Banco R. 87,
m. 37. There is little record of the family.
William and Robert Alston, yeomen, occur
in 1447; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 10,
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), i, 108–9.
Captain Robert Alston, apparently a
Parliamentarian, occurs in 1650; Royalist
Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
'The Alstons remained owners until
1702, when it passed to the Eccles family;
in 1819 Richard Eccles of Wigan sold it
to Thomas Cardwell, whose descendants
now (1893) possess it'; T. C. Smith,
Chipping, 234, where many particulars as
to the Alston family are given.
||Ralph de Helme occurs in 1332;
Exch. Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Lawrence de Helme and Isabel his wife
in 1377 obtained from William del Wood
and Margery his wife a messuage and lands
in Chipping; Final Conc, iii, 2.
A settlement of two messuages, cottages,
land and wood in Chipping and Helme
was made in 1553; the remainders were
to Joan then wife of William Lorimer and
then after her death to Lawrence Helme
and his issue by Joan then his wife; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 36.
For a dispute between Alice Helme,
widow (and others), and Thomas Helme
see Ducatus Lanc, ii, 227.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 150.
With regard to the rent of 4d. it may
be noted that one Geoffrey de Whittingham in 1297 held a plat of the waste in
Chippingdale for which he received that
sum; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 283.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 76.
||Ibid, xviii, no. 20.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 213.
He had other lands in Thornley, Wheatley
||Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.),
||John Mauldeson of 'Coure,' a minor,
in 1358 claimed a messuage and land
against Richard and Adam, sons of Thomas
de Knoll, as being son and heir of John
son of Richard de Knoll. It was alleged
that his father (John son of Richard) was
born before espousals; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 6, m. 1.
In 1360 John son of Maud de Coure
had livery of a messuage and lands seised
into the duke's hands by reason of the
felony of John (son of Richard) de Knoll;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxii, App. 347.
Richard Cover alias Coer, yeoman, is
named in 1448; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 11,
||T. C. Smith, Chipping, 247.
A dispute as to lands in Chipping between Whitaker and Parkinson is referred
to in Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 246.
In 1653 Ralph and Richard Parkinson
of Chipping petitioned to compound for
land sequestered by the Parliament for
the delinquency of their eldest brother
Thomas Parkinson of Infield in Claughton;
Cal. Com. for Comp. iv, 3106.
||See the account of Manchester Church
and the 1880 edition of his Old Church
Clock. He died in 1858.
||An estate in Chipping, Thornley,
&c, was given to feoffees by William
Leyland and Anne his wife in 1509; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 249, 248.
Part of the estate was held for life by
Eleanor Holland, widow, and part by
Robert Thimelby and Margery his wife.
Sir William Leyland died in 1547, but
the tenure of his Chipping lands is not
recorded; in the case of Thomas Leyland,
his son, it is given as in the text and likewise after the death of Edward Tyldesley;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 20;
xiv, no. 10. In 1621, however, the tenure
was described as of Sir Richard Hoghton
as of his manor of Chipping in socage;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 269. In
1606–7 a grant of lands in Chipping,
Wheatley and Thornley was made to
Edward Tyldesley of Astley; Pat. 4
Jas. I, pt. xxx.
It should be added that according to an
old pedigree (Harl. MS. 1408, fol. 159)
William Leyland married Anne daughter
and heir of Alan Singleton, who was the
descendant of the heiress of Adam de
Bury, whose estate in the parish is noticed
under Thornley. The wardship and marriage of Anne daughter and heir of Alan
Singleton were in 1503 granted to James
Medcalfe; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App.
||a Nothing is known of the origin of the
tenure. William son of Maurice occurs
in the Pipe Roll of 1213–15, when he owed
40s. out of 60s. due apparently for some
encroachment on the forest or other offence
against the forest laws; Farrer, Lancs.
Pipe R. 251. He also attested a charter
by Roger de Whitacre, who gave lands in
Chipping to Reginald; Dods. MSS. xci,
fol. 161. The bounds in this case are of
interest: Along the lache which falls into
Summerford as far as the moor and then
on the west side to the road to the mill
between Chipping and Wheatley, down
the road to the Loud, and along this river
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), i,
235–6. Some references to the Mawdesley
family will be found in Ducatus Lanc.
||Subs. R. Lancs, bdle. 130, no. 82.
||Ibid. no. 125.
||Ibid. bdle. 131, no. 274.
||Ibid. no. 317.
||James Richmond, Thomas Wilcock,
John Bolton, James Lowde, John Dewhurst, Bartholomew Dilworth, Thomas
Dobson and James Parker; Estcourt and
Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 103, 127.
Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 56.
||T. C. Smith, Chipping, 180.
||During the indulgence granted by
James II a meeting was set up at Chipping; O. Heywood, Diaries, iii, 228.
Among the 'Presbyterian parsons and
their meeting-places' registered in 1689
was Thomas Whalley for Christopher Parkinson's house in Chipping; Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 231. This minister
went to Hindley; O. Heywood, op. cit. iv,
309. Christopher Parkinson was probably
the benefactor of the school.
||T. C. Smith, Chipping, 165–80;
Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. ii, 210–17 (a
view is given). James Bolton left £40
for a meeting-house, ' but when the door
of liberty is shut' to poor widows and
orphans; Gastrell, Notitia (Chet. Soc),
||Peter Walkden was born near Manchester in 1684 and educated at the school
there. After leaving Hesketh Lane he
went to Holcombe and then to Stockport,
where he died in 1769. An account of
him, with extracts from his diaries and
papers, may be seen in Trans. Hist. Soc.
xxxii, 118; xxxvi, 15.
||Nightingale, op. cit. ii, 220–3.
||Visit. P. at Chester Dioc. Reg.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new sen), xxiv,
174, 178. The list of recusants in
1667–8 is printed by T. C. Smith, op. cit.
29. See also Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc),
||Foley, Rec. S. J. v, 339; Smith, op.