||Including 33 acres of inland water.
||T. C. Smith, Longridge, 42. It was
originally worked by horses, the first locomotive being used in 1848.
||Ibid. op. cit. 27–30.
||Ibid. 34. About 1800 the festival
occupied two days, on one of which was a
horse race and on the other a foot race;
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
||It was probably acquired by the Lacys
together with Ribchester, perhaps in 1187,
but the manner is not certainly known.
||This is inferred from the account of
Sir William Banastre's estate in a subsequent note.
||William de Mutun granted to Richard
son of Alan de Singleton the whole moiety
of land and wood, hawks, honey and mill,
the bounds beginning opposite the Stridthora by Thornley, down Longshaw
Brook to Dilworthsed Brook, up this to
the upper head of Dilworth, across to
Hothersall; then by the boundaries of
Hothersall, Alston, Whittingham, Wheatley and Thornley to the starting-point.
The grantor reserved to himself certain
easements, including mast fall, within
these bounds, as well as a rent of four
barbed arrows; Kuerden MSS. iv, R 9.
Sir Robert de Lathom was the first
witness; the others included Alan de
Singleton, William his son and Hugh de
A Richard de Singleton is soon afterwards (1246) found to be brother of some
religious house—probably Cockersand;
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 103, 150.
This may be a grant of half the lordship, but it was not the first acquisition
by the Singleton family, for Alan son of
Richard—father of the above Richard—
confirmed to Jordan le Blund (Albus)
half an oxgang of land in Dilworth, which
Adam de Stiholmes had formerly held of
Alan; Add. MS. 32106, no. 395 (fol.
311). The same Alan granted to the
canons of Cockersand 4 acres and a toft
from his land in Dilworth, between Witekerbrook and Cronkeshaw Brook, with
easements of his fee in the vill aforesaid,
for the souls of Robert and Roger de Lacy,
&c.; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), i,
In 1246 William de Hawksworth successfully claimed land in Dilworth against
Richard son of Alan; Assize R. 404,
m. 4 d. Richard son of Alan de Singleton
gave Richard son of Alexander de Penwortham, chaplain, a toft in Dilworth, of
1 perch in extent, on the west side of
Adam de Cartmel's house, at a rent of a
pair of white gloves; Add. MS. 32106,
no. 100. As Richard de Singleton he
granted land touching Cronkeshaw Brook
to Adam son of Adam de Hoghton; ibid.
no. 119. Bernard the clerk was a witness.
William son of Alan de Singleton
granted half an oxgang of land to Hugh
son of Siegrith daughter of Jordan le
Blund (Albus) of Dilworth, at a rent of
3s.; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1534.
||The Singleton heiress Joan widow of
Thomas Banastre made a settlement of
her estate in 1303; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 201. In 1306
she allowed the beasts of Robert de Dilworth within her wood and pasture in
return for a rent of 6d. to be levied on all
Robert's tenements within Ribchester;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 122.
Sir William Banastre in 1311 held one
plough-land in Dilworth of the heir of
Henry de Lacy by the rent of 2s. payable
on St. Giles's Day; De Lacy Inq. (Chet.
Soc), 17. Again in 1324 it was found
that William Banastre had died seised of
the hamlet of Dilworth, held of Thomas
Earl of Lancaster and Alice his wife by a
rent of 2s.; one half was in demesne and
the other in service; Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. II,
Sir Adam Banastre gave Adam de Yordrawes a messuage with curtilage abutting
on Longridge, another parcel on the Highfield, and another on the Greenhurst, all
in Dilworth; Add. MS. 32106, no. 125.
This was probably the origin of the estate
of two messuages, &c., in Ribchester held
by Thomas de Yordrawes and Margery his
wife in 1383; Final Conc. iii, 17. Adam
Banastre in 1336 granted to Henry de
Kuerden of Ribchester and Alice daughter
of Henry for life the lands in Whiteley
Fall in Dilworth they had had from John
and Nicholas sons of Sir Thomas Banastre;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 123, 679.
Lands in Dilworth were included in
Edward Banastre's estate in 1385; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 16.
||Dilworth occurs among the Balderston manors; Kuerden MSS. iii, B 3–7.
For the descent see the account of Balderston; also Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 71. It was probably in right of this
descent that Sir William Harrington in
1466 granted lands in Ribchester to Roger
son of Nicholas Elston; Kuerden MSS. iii,
Dilworth was among the manors granted
to Thomas first Earl of Derby after the
Harrington forfeiture; Lancs. and Ches.
Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 309.
In right of the Balderston inheritance
lands in Dilworth are named in the inquisitions of Thomas Earl of Derby,
Edmund Dudley, Osbaldeston, Radcliffe
of Winmarleigh and Gerard, but the
tenure is not separately recorded.
||On the partition of the Balderston
manors in 1565 Dilworth was allotted to
John Osbaldeston; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
216, m. 10.
||This is evident from the grants to
Ravenshaw quoted below.
||This is inferred from the tenure as
recorded later. Osbert would hold of
Singleton and he of the Earl of Lincoln.
One grant has been preserved by which
Osbert de Dilworth gave Adam de Hoghton land within bounds, beginning at the
Sandy way and including the Carr, Hurst,
Greenlache and High Way; to be held by
a rent of 15d. and a pair of white gloves;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 120. Richard le
Boteler, then sheriff (? 1243), was a
witness. Osbert le Blund (Albus) afterwards released to Adam the service specified; ibid. no. 313.
Adam son of Adam de Hoghton about
the same time released to Alan de Singleton the lands formerly Osbert le Blund's
(Blundi); ibid. no. 116.
In 1227 a partition was made of an
oxgang of land and three-quarters between
Avice widow of William Brun, Robert
Plumb and Cecily his wife on one side
and Robert son of Ulfy on the other,
whereby the last named obtained a moiety
to be held of Avice and Cecily and their
heirs at a rent of 22d. at St. Giles's Day,
of which 21d. was due to the chief lord;
Final Conc. i, 53. Maud daughter of
Robert Plumb and Cecily his wife released
to Adam de Hoghton any claim she might
have in Adam's land in Dilworth; Add.
MS. 32106, no. 118.
William son of Richard de Singleton
released to Adam de Hoghton all claim in
his father's lands within Dilworth; ibid,
Thomas de Singleton and Adam de
Hoghton in 1291, as lords of the vill and
soil of Dilworth, complained of encroachments by Robert son of Ellis de Ribchester,
Richard Franceys, Robert de Anyetehalgh,
Robert the Eyre and others, and recovered;
Assize R. 407, m. 1 d. There were some
counterclaims the following year; ibid.
408, m. 12 d. The same lords, in conjunction with Katherine widow of Alan
de Singleton (father of Thomas) and then
wife of Thomas de Clifton, and Agnes
widow of Adam de Hoghlon were in 1292
sued by Robert de Pocklington, rector of
Ribchester, for having disseised him of an
eighth part of certain wood, moor and
heath in Dilworth; ibid. m. 63, 18 d. It
would seem from this that the rector of
Ribchester held 1 oxgang of land in
Sir Henry Hoghton was in 1425 found
to have held a moiety of the manor of
Dilworth of the heirs of Osbert de Dilworth; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.),
||The later Hoghton inquisitions
merely state that the lands in Dilworth
were held of the king as duke by services
unknown or in socage; e.g. Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 66; xxvii, no. 13.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 28,
m. 186. The 'manor' is not named, the
estate being described as twenty messuages
and various lands in Dilworth and
||The manor of Dilworth is named in a
Hoghton settlement of 1585; ibid. bdle.
57, m. 178.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 387,
||Add. MS. 32106, no. 763. Sir
Adam de Hoghton, Thomas son of Sir
Adam Banastre, William de Hornby,
rector of Ribchester, Robert de Singleton
the elder, Richard de Catterall and Richard
de Knoll are the tenants of Dilworth
named; those of Ribchester including
William de Whalley, Adam Bibby, Henry
de Kuerden, Robert Moton, Simon de
Preston. Ribchester is called a vill and
Dilworth a hamlet.
||Alan son of Richard de Singleton
confirmed his father's gift of 4 acres to
the hospital of St. Saviour under Longridge and the brethren there serving God.
The land was between Cronkshaw Brook
and Whitacre Brook; Dugdale, Mon.
Angl. vi, 686. See the account of Stidd.
||In 1284 it was found that Juliana
widow of Hugh de Dilworth had died
seised of two-thirds of a messuage and
land in Dilworth, tenanted by Margery
daughter of Hugh. Richard son of Hugh
and Juliana seems to have been the plaintiff. The tenant called the Prior of St.
John to warrant her; Assize R. 1265,
Uctred de Dilworth granted to his son
William lands held of Sir Adam de
Hoghton; Add. MS. 32106, no. 109.
A rent of 6d. was due to the Hospitallers.
Margery daughter of Adam de Dilworth
gave lands to Sir Richard de Hoghton in
1339; ibid. no. 113.
||This seems to have been a junior
branch of the Moton of Ribchester family.
In 1344–5 Thomas son of Gilbert son of
Alan de Singleton claimed portions of
land in Dilworth against Robert son
of Adam Moton and Henry and William
his sons, against Adam de Dilworth the
younger and Margery hig wife, and
against Henry son of Beatrix de Kuerden;
De Banco R. 339, m. 109; 344, m. 162.
The plaintiff was a minor.
Sir Adam Banastre had in 13 31 given
the third part of his approvement in
Hesmundehalgh to Henry son of Robert
Moton of Ribchester and William his
brother; Add. MS. 32106, no. 87.
||Richard de Catterall of Whittingham
and Isabel his wife gave lands in, Dilworth, &c., to their son Alan in 1369;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 96–7.
||Adam de Eller in 1327 gave all his
land in Osbern riding to Adam Chyry of
Ribchester; Add. MS. 32106, no. 102.
William son of Adam Chyry gave it to
John son of John de Ravenshaw in 1355;
ibid. no. 86. From this deed it appears
that the land had earlier been granted by
Alan son of William de Singleton to his
William son of Hugh son of Hugh
de. Dilworth granted land to Randle de
Singleton and Mabel his wife in 1343;
ibid. no. 99. Margaret widow of Thomas
de Knoll and daughter of Randle de
Singleton in 1358 granted her land in
the high field of Dilworth together with
half a messuage to the above John son of
John de Ravenshaw; ibid. no. 126, 106.
The same John and Ellen his wife in
1376 obtained other grants from the lords
of the manor, Sir Adam de Hoghton and
Sir Thomas Banastre; ibid. no. 90, &c.
In 1386 Ellen de Ravenshaw his widow
held his lands, with remainders to his
daughters Agnes, Christiana, Isabel and
Margaret; ibid. no. 83.
||Edward Radcliffe in 1617 had lands
in Dilworth and Alston, held of Sir
Richard Hoghton; Henry, his son and
heir, was of full age; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc), ii, 52. Ralph Radcliffe of
the 'Written Stone' was probably a
||In 1466 Henry son of Sir Richard
Hoghton granted to William Cottam of
Alston and his sons Ellis and Edmund
certain land in Dilworth for their lives,
the lease to begin at his father's death;
Add. MS. 32106, no. 94. Uctred
Cottam appears in 1483; ibid. no. 98.
Uctred and Robert his son and heir made
a feoffment of their messuages, lands and
water-mill in the same year; ibid. no. 92.
Uctred's wife Ellen, perhaps a second
wife, appears in the same year; ibid.
no. 103. TheiT lands seem to have been
given to Lawrence son of Edmund Cottam
in 1503 and 1511; ibid. no. 105, 107,
&c. From Lawrence Cottam Sir Richard
Hoghton purchased in 1529, and Robert
cousin and heir of Uctred Cottam
(perhaps a grandson) released his right at
the same time; ibid. no. 89, 101.
One branch of the family recorded a
short pedigree in 1613; Visit. (Chet.
Lawrence Cottam, Dorothy his wife
and Thomas his son made a settlement
in 1605; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 296,
m. 2 d. Lawrence died in 1619 holding
a messuage and land of Sir Richard
Hoghton by a rent of 2s.; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 115.
Thomas his son and heir, then thirty
years of age, died two years later holding
the same estate and leaving as heir his
son Thomas, aged fifteen; ibid. ii, 232.
These Cottams were of High House; some
further particulars of them will be found
in Smith's Ribchester, 242–3, from which
it appears that Lawrence Cottam, who
was fined for recusancy in 1667 and 1680,
died in 1682. His son and heir, also
Lawrence, registered his estate as a
'Papist' in 1717; he had a leasehold
house valued at £27 a year; Estcourt
and Payne, Engl. Cath. Non-jurors, 106.
The Cottams of Knowl Green had a
house at one time called Dilworth Hall
and now the manor-house; for an account
of them see Smith, op. cit. 243. John
Cottam of Ribchester paid £10 on refusing
knighthood in 1631; Misc. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 218. The lands of
Richard Cottam of Dilworth were ordered
to be sold by the Parliament in 1652;
Index of Royalists (Index Soc.), 42. A
later John Cottam (son of Ellis), as a
'Papist,' registered his small estate at
Ribchester, Dilworth and Wrightington
in 1717; Estcourtand Payne, op. cit. 91.
John Walmsley also registered a small
estate; ibid. 104.
||Thomas Cottam, brought up as a
Protestant, was educated at Brasenose
Coll., Oxf. (M.A. 1572), and taught a
school in London. Here he was reconciled to the Roman Church and then
went abroad, his desire being to preach
the Gospel in the East Indies. Being
rejected by the Jesuits on account of illhealth, he returned to the seminary at
Rheims, was ordained priest and sent on
the English mission in 1580. On landing at Dover he was recognized from the
report of a spy, arrested and imprisoned.
He was racked and tortured in the Tower,
but remaining constant was at last executed at Tyburn 30 May 1582, together
with four other priests. One of these
was B. Lawrence Richardson or Johnson
of Great Crosby. Cottam was allowed to
hang till he was dead. His beatification
was allowed by Leo XIII in 1886. See
Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i, 574;
Pollen, Acts of Martyrs, 280, 373;
Challoner, Miss. Priests, no. 15. He is
claimed as a Jesuit in Foley, Rec. S. J. vii,
||Adam son of Adam de Morca of
Euxton and Ellen his wife in 1309
granted Isabel daughter of Jordan de
Dutton clerk all their land in Whitacre
in the hamlet of Dilworth; Add. MS.
32106, no. 91. Roger son of Thomas
Topping and John son of Roger de Bolton
in 1318 granted land in Whitacre to
William the Tailor, son of Henry Moton;
ibid. no. 84, 95. Six years afterwards
Henry Moton in exchange for this land
gave his son William the Newhey in
Ribchester, obtained from Robert Moton;
ibid. no. 85.
In 1357 Richard son of Adam de Ribchester acquired a messuage and land in
Whitacre and Dilworth from John de
Turnley and Cecily his wife; Final Conc.
||T. C. Smith, Longridge, 80;
A. Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 103
—the old chapel.
||Ibid. 78; Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf.
ii, 117, where it is recorded that efforts
had been made to establish a church in
Longridge in 1816 and again in 1830.
Also Hewitson, op. cit. 101.
||Smith, op. cit. 73. While an old
house was being pulled down a boy playing about found the cross and some other
religious objects on a ledge. The church
also possesses a carved oak chair made
for John Towers, Bishop of Peterborough, 1631. See also Hewitson, op.