||Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31607.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 43, 121. In 1252
Roger Gernet held one plough-land in
chief of the king by service of the forest;
he had all the land except 1 oxgang
and 60 acres, the moiety of a fishery in
the Ribble, and a mill worth 305. yearly;
ibid, i, 187–8.
In 1225 an agreement was made
between William and Roger Gernet as
to the manor of Fishwick. It was held
in dower by Cecily widow apparently of
Benedict Gernet, father of Roger and
grandfather of William; Farrer, Lancs.
Pipe R. 204, &c. Cecily married one
William known as the Villein, and Roger
warranted the manor to them, while
William Gernet renounced all claim to
it on behalf of himself and his heirs in
return for half a plough-land in Crophill.
Roger Gernet's lordship of Fishwick was
therefore undisputed; Final Conc. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i, 46.
||William de Dacre held Fishwick by
knight's service in 1297; at that time
the vill rendered 7s. 8d. to the Earl of
Lancaster; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i,
298, 289. From a return made in 1302
it would appear that the tenure had been
altered from forestry to knight's service;
ibid, i, 317. The old service of master .
forester was, however, recorded in 1324,
Randle de Dacre being lord; Dods. MSS.
cxxxi, fol. 41b. A further change was
made before 1458, when Sir Thomas
Dacre of Gillesland was found to have
held the manor of Fishwick of the king
as of his Duchy of Lancaster in socage
by the service of a grain of pepper;
Lancs. Inq, p.m. (Chet. Soc.), ii, 65.
In 1324 the annual value of the estate
was returned as £7 18s., made up thus:
A messuage with fruit and herbage, 2s.;
60 acres arable, 30s.; 6 acres meadow,
6s.; a fishery in the Ribble, 26s. 8d.; a
water-mill, 40s., and 8 oxgangs of land,
held by free tenants who paid 6s. 8d. for
each oxgang—53s. 4d.; Inq. p.m. 18
Edw. II, no. 41, Sir William de Dacre
in 1358 complained that Robert son of
Henry de Kuerden and others had taken
hares and pheasants from his free warren
at Fishwick; Assize R. 438, m. 7. The
clear value of the manor was stated as
10 marks in 1375; Inq. p.m. 49
Edw. III, pt. i, no. 39.
After the confiscation in 1461 this manor
was granted for life to Eleanor widow of
Sir Randle Dacre in 1467 as compensation for dower; Cal. Pat. 1467–77, p. 26.
Richard Fiennes Lord Dacre in 1486
held the manors of Fishwick and Eccleston by knight's service; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. iii, no. 58. His successor
Thomas Fiennes Lord Dacre in 1506
sold them to Edmund Dudley; ibid, iv,
no. 21; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 545.
From John Dudley the manors passed to
Sir Thomas Seymer in 1530 and to
Edward Elrington in 1538; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. n, m. 113, 16.
||Ibid. bdle. 12, m. 15. The manor
is named in a Molyneux settlement of
1558; ibid. bdle. 20, m. 80.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiii, no. 35.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), iii, 390; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxvii, no. 59.
||In 1586 Evan Banister, an 'old
priest,' was harboured by Jane Eyves of
Fishwick, widow; Baines, Lancs. (ed.
Harland), i, 180, from Harl. MS. 360,
fol. 32. 'It is probable that the chapel
within the hall was regularly served before
Dom Bartholomew Gregory Hesketh
took charge of the mission in 1685 and
built the chapel there, wherein were
organs, bells, vestments and a pulpit, as
deposed before the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates in 1718'; J. Gillow in
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xiii, 159.
Lancs. and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 173–4. The hall
was called Physick Hall. There is an
allusion to the estate in a letter from
Richard Hitchmough; Payne, Engl. Cath.
||Under the Private Act 2 Geo. II,
||Abstract of W. Shawe's title in the
possession of the Knowles Trustees.
The appointment of a gamekeeper by Sir
Henry Hoghton as lord of the manor in
1734 was printed in the Preston Guardian,
24 Apr. 1875.
For a pedigree showing the Shawe
descent see Fishwick's Preston, 343.
||Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 242.
For an account of the Astleys see Fishwick, op. cit. 308.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 178–9,
dated 1247–51, and showing the alienations made, the rents due and the portions of a knight's fee for which service
was to be rendered. The land amounted
to 1 oxgang and 58 acres and the rents to
15s. 2d., as follows:—
Roger the Clerk of Fishwick, 1 oxgang
of land and 3 acres, paying 6s. 8d., and
being ordered to render the service due for
the twentieth part of a fee.
Baldwin de Preston, the moiety of mill
and 20 acres of land and wood, 3s. 2d.
John son of John, 6 acres, 2s. and onefiftieth.
Heirs of Roger del Ridding, 22 acres,
2s. 6d. and one-fiftieth.
William Watchet, 4 acres; 6d.
William son of Richard, 3 acres; 4d.
Benedict Gernet gave an assart to
Robert his clerk, son of Ralph de Preston,
a rent of 6d. being payable; Kuerden
MSS. ii, fol. 227b.
The above-named Baldwin de Preston
died in 1251 holding in Fishwick an
assart, called Dustescahe, of 18 acres each
worth 4d. a year, also the moiety of a mill
worth 3s.; he rendered 3s. 2d. to the
king. His heir was his son Henry, aged
seventeen; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i,
The tenancies of 1346 (corrected by
the sheriff's compotus of 1348) were:—
|Alan del Moor||1||22||7||0|
|William de Fishwick||1||6||0||8|
|Adam son of Simon||1||6||2||0|
|Geoffrey de Hackinsall||½||4½||0||7½|
|Beatrice del Ridding||—||4½||0||7½|
|Thomas del Ridding||1||9||1||3|
|Adam de Bury||—||4||0||9|
The summary in the record states that
'they hold 70 acres by being Serjeants of the
forests of Lonsdale, Amounderness and
[West] Derbyshire, rendering 15s.4d. and
relief; Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc),
Comparing the lists it seems that Alan
del Moor represents Roger the Clerk and
William son of Richard; William de Fishwick, William Watchet (2 acres and 2d.
rent being added); Adam son of Simon,
John son of John; Adam de Bury and
Lawrence Travers, Baldwin de Preston;
and the other three the heirs of Roger del
In 1326 Adam de Bury granted messuages, &c., in Preston, Fishwick and
Ashton to Peter de Risley and Maud his
wife, with remainders to Maud's sisters
and to Richard the brother of Adam;
Final Conc, ii, 63. William de Beconsaw
in 1372 purchased a messuage and land
in Preston and Fishwick from Robert son
of Robert son of Richard de Bury; ibid,
Christiana del Ridding gave land in the
Ridding to her son Adam; Kuerden MSS.
ii, fol. 226b. In the time of Richard II
and Henry IV these lands were sold to
the Waltons of Preston; ibid. From one
of the deeds it appears that Ridding Field
was near Fishwick Brook.
||A charter of 1279 shows that Adam
Woderowe and his wife Amabel (daughter
of Roger de Fishwick) pledged land in
Fishwick field in return for 15s. lent
them in their need by Roger son of Roger
son of Alan de Fishwick; Add. MS.
32106, no. 398. Alexander Woderowe
of Preston gave land of his mother's
in Fishwick to Adam Lussell, clerk;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 227b.
Simon de Fishwick was in 1284 nonsuited in a claim against Benedict Gernet
concerning land in Fishwick; Assize R.
1268, m. 12 d. Adam son of Simon de
Fishwick in 1314–15 gave lands in Fishwick and Brockholes to his son Simon,
who had married Maud daughter of
Thomas son of David de Kirkham;
Towneley MS. DD, no. 714. The same
Adam in 1311–12 gave land in Westfield,
next the demesne, to Robert son of Auger;
Kuerden MSS. ii, fol. 226b. In 1319–20
Adam son of Robert son of Auger de
Fishwick gave land in the Westfield, lying
between lands of the lord of Fishwick, to
Richard son of Dobin and Cecily his wife;
ibid. fol. 227b. This land seems afterwards (c. 1400) to have been the property
of John Lussell of Preston; ibid.
By a charter dated '5 Edw.' Roger
son of Roger son of John de Fishwick
granted a messuage and land in the vill of
Fishwick to Richard son of Roger de
Fishwick; Add. MS. 32106, no. 95 (fol.
257). William son of Richard de Fishwick was a witness.
Maud widow of Roger son of Roger
son of John de Fishwick in 1312–13 gave
Richard son of Roger de Fishwick all the
land she held in dower; Kuerden, loc.
cit. Roger son of John de Fishwick was
An Adam Fishwick was tenant of the
hall about 1550. After his death a claim
to it was put forward (1565) by Gregory
Fishwick, the holders being another Adam
Fishwick and Thurstan Southworth. The
depositions are printed by Fishwick, op.
cit. 299–306. Robert Fishwick claimed
land in 1551; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec Com.),
||Settlements of land in Fishwick were
made by Thomas Nixon and Joan his
wife in 1406 and 1410; the remainder
was to Sir James Harrington (apparently
the owner), who granted turbary on
Balderston Moss during the nonage of the
heir of William Balderston; Add. MS.
32106, no. 967, 91 (fol. 256). Thomas
Nixon made a further purchase in 1416;
Final Conc. iii, 73.
A later Sir James Harrington died in
1497 holding lands in Fishwick by services unknown; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iii, no. 40. They passed (by purchase or inheritance) to his son-in-law Sir
Thomas Ashton of Ashton-under-Lyne,
who died in 1514; ibid. iv, no. 80. His
heir, Thomas Hoghton, held them in
1580 by services unknown, but in 1630
the lands in Fishwick were considered an
appurtenance of the manor of Lea; ibid.
xiv, no. 26; xxvii, no. 13.
Sir Richard Hoghton was concerned in
a plea regarding a messuage, &c., in Fishwick in 1544; Ducatus Lanc. ii, 77. He
complained that Robert Ainsworth and
others had broken his close; Pal. of
Lanc. Writs Proton. 36 Hen. VIII.
William Walton of Preston died in
1559 holding 6 acres in Fishwick of Sir
Richard Molyneux in socage, by fealty
and suit of court; ibid. xi, no. 27.
Richard Walton in 1569 held 16 acres of
the queen; ibid. xiii, no. 26. In later
inquisitions the tenure is not stated.
John Singleton in 1530 held lands in
Fishwick of the heir of Lord Dacre;
ibid, vi, no. 32. A like statement is
made in other inquisitions of the
Thomas Clayton in 1591 held land of
Sir Richard Molyneux; ibid. xv, no. 3.
The tenure of Richard Walmsley's
lands here in 1609 was unknown; Lancs.
Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), i,
||Add. MS. 32106, no. 90 (fol. 255).
Eyves—perhaps Ees—was a place in the
township; Ducatus Lanc. i, 238.
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 280–1. For pedigree see Fishwick, op. cit. 332.
Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 285. The
claim recorded was for an annuity of
£10 from Over Hacking in Aughton
||Ibid. ii, 279–84. Ralph Eyves was
buried at Preston 30 Aug. 1653, aged
Royalist Comp. Papers, ii, 286.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 105.
Index of Royalists (Index Soc),
Richard Kellet had lands also in Ribbleton (Braggar's tenement) and in Preston
(Knowle Hey), the latter by grant of
Richard Savage of Winnington, Staffs.
The estate was sequestered for the' popery
and delinquency' of Kellet, who died
before 1652, when his daughter Mary
Knight petitioned for restoration, she
being 'conformable to the Church of
England '; Royalist Comp. Papers, iv, 39.
Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3193.
||Estcourt and Payne, Eng. Cath. Nonjurors, 94.
||Burke, Commoners, i, 651–3.
||Information of Mr. Trower. The
other daughter of Nicholas Starkie
||Pal. of Lanc. Chan. Misc. 1, 12
(1389 and 1395). The gift was probably
||Fishwick, op. cit. 101.