||Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 31813.
By a further Order (36320) made in
1896 the township or civil parish of
Blackpool was extended to include the
foreshore, 1,334 acres. The detached
portion of Bispham known as Bispham
Hawes wae added to Layton township
in 1883; Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 14712.
Census Rep. 1901. This area includes 7 acres of inland water, but not
the 75 acres of tidal water (sea) and the
||This includes 7,659 in the added
portion of Marton.
||Thornber, Blackpool, 198.
||Ibid. 276; perhaps by 'cuckstool'
the pond was meant.
||–9 Cal. Pat. 1292–1301, p. 216.
V.C.H. Lancs, i, 288a.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), i, 145.
||Ibid. 151; Layton was held in
demesne. The fee appears to have been
one of 10 plough-lands, made up thus—
Layton 6, Great Bispham 4.
||Ibid. 289, 316.
Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc.), 58; at
that time 16s. 8d. was paid for castle
ward and 6s. 8d. for sake fee.
See also Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 40, 195; iii, 8, 122;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 113; ii,
73, 82; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xl, App. 536;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 13.
The Layton estate appears from these
to have been regarded as a provision for
the widows or younger children of the
lords of Warrington. In 1299 Isabel
widow of Henry le Boteler claimed a
messuage and 30 oxgangs of land in
Layton as dower; De Banco R. 130,
m. 219 d.
John de Haydock and Joan his wife
put forward a claim to the manors in
1357; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 6,
m. 4 d.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12
(1539), m. 31; the manors of Pool,
Warbreck, Great Marton, Bispham and
Little Layton, &c., are named. The
remainder of the Layton estate appears
to have followed in 1543; see Beamont,
quoting Bold D., in Lords of Warrington
(Chet. Soc.), ii, 454. Apart from their
being named separately there is nothing
to show that Pool and Warbreck were
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14,
m. 276; John Browne and Christina his
wife were deforciants, and the estate included the manors of Great Layton,
Great Marton, Pool, Warbreck, Bispham
and Little Layton, with messuages, lands,
windmills, water-mills, dovecotes, rents,
100 acres of alder, &c., in the places
named and also in Norcross, Trunnah,
Holmes, Stalmine, Staynall, Hamblcton
and Rowall. £1,500 is the price named.
Queen Mary in 1554 gave a confirmation of his estate to Thomas Fleetwood,
the reason being that Sir Thomas Butler
had been indebted to Henry VIII and
had pledged and sold his manors in
consequence; Pat. 1 Mary, pt. ii, printed
in Porter, Fylde, 306–7.
Thomas Fleetwood died in 1576 holding the manors of Great Layton, &c., of
the queen as of her duchy by one knight's
fee; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xii,
||Fishwick, Bispham (Chet. Soc.), 9,
quoting Duchy of Lanc. Plead. Eliz.
lxxxix, F 2.
William Fleetwood in 1574 made a
feoffment of his manors of Great Layton,
Marton, Great Bispham, &c.; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 36, m. 181.
A special commission as to the manor
was issued in 1588; Lancs, and Ches. Rec.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii, 343.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 59,
m. 125. The deforciants were William
Fleetwood and Jane his wife, and the sale
included the manors of Great Layton,
Great Marton and Great Bispham, with
windmill, water-mill and open lands and
moor, &c., in Layton and the neighbourhood; also the advowson of Poulton
A large number of messuages, with
lands, &c., and rights of common, in the
same hamlets and townships, were at the
same time sold to John Hulton and John
Hodgson; ibid. m. 320. John Hulton
of Darleys died in 1606 holding lands in
Great Layton, the Pool, Warbreck, &c.,
of the king in chief by knight's service;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 68. A small part of the same
appears to have been acquired by John
Hodgson, who died in 1630 holding a
messuage in Great Layton and another
in Little Layton, with common of pasture
on the Hawes, &c. The tenure is not
recorded. The heir was a grandson
Richard (son of Henry son of John), who
was sixteen years old; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 1. Robert Hodgson,
probably a younger son of John, held a
messuage in a place called the Pool in
Great Layton (i.e. at Blackpool), and
died in 1627, leaving a son and heir John,
aged sixteen, in 1634; ibid, xxvii, no. 62;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet. Lib.), 512.
Richard Hodgson in 1630 held a messuage
in Little Layton of Sir Paul Fleetwood
and another in Great Layton of the king;
his heir, a brother William, died in 1631,
leaving two daughters, Margaret wife of
Richard Bamber and Jane wife of Thomas
Elston; ibid. 514.
The feet of fines for 1574 and thereabouts show that William Fleetwood
disposed of much of his estate in parcels.
||Edmund Fleetwood died in l622
holding the manors of Great Bispham,
Layton and Marton of the king by the
two-hundredth part of a knight's fee;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), iii, 315. The manors of Layton
and Marton were in the hands of his son
Sir Paul Fleetwood in 1653–4; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 153, m. 30. Some
later references may be added: 1695—
the manors of Great and Little Layton,
Warbreck, Great Bispham and Great
Marton, &c., by William Fleetwoad and
Margaret his wife; ibid. 235, m. 75.
1733—Layton with Warbreck, Great
Marton, &c., by Edward Fleetwood;
ibid. 312, m. 46. 1759—Layton with
Warbreck, &c., by Fleetwood Hesketh;
ibid.; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 591, m. 9.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 18.
||Ibid. 16; the opponents were freeholders of Bispham.
||From these disputes it appears that
the Hawes, chiefly within Layton, extended into Lytham.
Quenilda daughter of Richard son of
Roger gave the monks of Lytham her
share ia the Hawes of Lytham; D. at
Durham, 2 a, 2 ae, 4 ae, Ebor. no. 67. The
boundary must have been uncertain, for
William le Boteler about 1230 confirmed
the two-thirds of the pasture within the
Hawes of Lytham which Maud de Stockport had given with her body and Quenilda
daughter of Richard ton of Roger had
further given; ibid. no. 66. The bounds
were finally settled in 1272; ibid. Misc.
The fifth part of half a plough-land in
the Hawes between Layton and Lytham,
within the fee of William le Boteler, was
before 1249 granted to Cockersand Abbey
by Thomas de Beetham and Amiria his
wife, and the gift was in 1271 confirmed
by William; Cockersand Chartul. (Chet.
The Prior of Lytham complained in
1338 that Sibyl widow of William Boteler
of Warrington had seized an anchor at
Kelgrimoll (at Greenskar pot), but she
asserted that it was taken within Great
Layton; De Banco R. 315, m. 287.
In 1509 (?) the prior complained that
John Bispham had trespassed, but the
defendant said he had used the Hawes,
containing 1,000 acres of land within
the manor of Layton belonging to Sir
Thomas Boteler and adjacent to Lytham;
Pal. of Lanc. Sessional Papers, bdle. 4.
For a more violent dispute in 1531–2
see Duchy Plead. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 206; ii, 9.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. vi, 122.
The award was made in 1769: Lancs.
and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.), i, 56.
Cal. Chart. R. 1226–57, p. 476;
tne name is wrongly given as Robert.
||Ibid. 1257–1300, p. 326.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 386.
Wreck of the sea was also claimed, as
having been an appurtenance of the lordship from the time of William the
||Pal. of Lanc. Writs Proton. 13
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 54,
m. 152. The hall is not specially named,
the estate being described as three messuages, &c., in Great and Little Layton,
the Pool and Warbreck, together with the
tithes and fisheries at Marton and Layton.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 5.
In 1651 Jane Rigby, daughter of Alexander Rigby of Burgh, farmed the demesne
of Layton; Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 1650.
A pedigree was recorded in 1664, the
family being described as 'of Layton';
Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 244.
||In 1671 Alexander Rigby of Layton
held messuages, &c., in Great and Little
Layton, Marton, Warbreck and Pool,
also, though no 'manor' is named,
views of frankpledge in Great and Little
Layton and Pool (i.e. Blackpool); Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 206, m. 32.
An account of this branch of the Rigby
family has been given under Duxbury;
see also Fishwick, op. cit. 94–105, where
there is a pedigree. The estates were
sold under a Private Act 1 Geo. I,
||Ibid. 105. The manor was held by
Lady Drummond, widow of T. H. Clifton
||Richard Boteler in 1323 held land,
&c., in Little Layton occupied by Roger
le Waleys and Agnes his wife. The
tenure is not recorded; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, ii, 145. Earlier still, in 1303,
Richard Boteler, together with Adam de
Walton and Alice his wife, called upon
the custodee of William son and heir of
Nicholas Boteler (of Rawcliffe) to warrant
to them, inter alia, the third part of three
messuages and 3 oxgangs of land in
Little Layton claimed as dower by Mabel
widow of Nicholas; De Banco R. 144,
m. 141. In 1315 Nicholas del Marsh
and Ellen his wife claimed dower in six
messuages and 6 oxgangs of land in
Little Layton against Agnes widow of
Nicholas Boteler, who called upon Richard
son of Richard Boteler to warrant her;
ibid, 209, m. 252.
Two other pleas may be cited. In 1320
Maud widow of Ralph de Bickerstath
claimed dower in 100 acres of land against
Alice widow of Geoffrey de Cuerdale and
her daughters Agnes and Margery, while
in 1322 she claimed similarly against
Thomas Curwen, who held three messuages and half an oxgang of land; ibid.
235, m. 166; 244, m. 15, 135 d.
Cecily widow of Richard le Boteler was
in 1336 the wife of Thomas dc Molyneux,
and claimed her dower in Little Layton
against the above-named Roger le Waleys
and Agnes his wife; ibid. 306, m. 268 d.
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 37,
m. 108. The property is described as
messuages, windmill, &c., in Little Layton
and Great Bispham. Massey probably
acquired further lands; he died before
1600, when his son John had to defend
his title against claims put forward by the
Fleetwoods, who were desirous of limiting
the extent of the sales made by William
Fleetwood; Fishwick, op. cit. 10–13,
quoting Duchy of Lanc. Plead. 42 Eliz.
John Massey of Layton recorded a
pedigree in 1613; Visit. (Chet. Soc.),
79. He died in 1618 holding the capital
messuage called Whinney Heys in Little
Layton of the king as of his duchy
by the twentieth part of a knight's fee,
and other lands, &c., there; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii,
117–19. His heirs were his daughters
Ellen wife of Edward Veale, aged thirtysix, and Alice widow of Thomas Bamber,
aged thirty-four. The former had four
sons, of whom the oldest, John, was
about twelve years old.
||For an account of them see Fishwick,
op. cit. 81–93, with a pedigree. The
succession appears to be thus: Edward
Veale, d. 1650 -s.John, d. 1669 -s. John,
d. 1704 -s. Edward, d. 1723 -sister
Dorothy, d. 1748. Another sister, Sarah,
married Edward son of Richard Fleetwood
of Rossall. Their daughter Margaret
married Roger Hesketh, who inherited.
A letter of Edward Veale's, lamenting
'the miserable distress of this poor
Fylde . . . by reason of the fearful infection' of 1631, is printed in Hist. MSS.
Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 47. About the
same time he arrested a man for taking
a hawk, called a merlin, belonging to
Edmund Fleetwood, who proved unwilling
to prosecute; ibid. He was a member
of the Presbyterian Classis established in
1646; Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1868), i, 228.
A grandson, Edward Veale, was Nonconformist minister at Wapping, dying in 1708.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc.), 321.
Blackpool, 87. In a list of the inhabitants of the parish compiled about
1686—the whole number was 385—the
first place was taken by Alexander Rigby,
esq., his three daughters, ten menservants
and three maidservants; and the second
by John Veale, gent., his wife, mother,
two menservants and two maidservants.
||Robert Lawrence of Ribbleton, 1524,
had land in Layton; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 57.
William Smith died in 1602 holding
eight messuages, &c., in Little Layton,
also others in Thornton and Ribbleton—
perhaps the Lawrence ettate—and leaving
a grandson and heir Alexander Smith (son
of Henry son of William), aged fifteen.
The Layton lands were held of Edmund
Fleetwood as of his manor of Great
Layton; ibid, xviii, no. 22.
Lawrence Cowborne of Freckleton held
messuages and land in Layton and Bispham
in 1604 of the Earl of Derby by ½d. rent
or (? by correction) of the king as of his
duchy by the fortieth part of a knight's
fee and 2½d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc Lancs. and Ches.), i, 32, 45.
The Bambers, who occur in neighbouring townships, held land in Layton.
William Bamber of Pool in 1576 obtained
messuages, &c., in Layton and Bispham
from William Bamber the elder and
Edmund his son and heir-apparent; Pal.
of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 28, m. 9. The
same William Bamber of Pool in 1579
made an agreement with Richard Bamber
of Marton as to a partition of lands;
W. Farrer's Deeds. William Bamber
died in 1597 holding a messuage and
land in Great Layton and Warbreck of
the king as duke by the two-hundredth
part of a knight's fee. His son and heir
Robert was then thirty-seven years old;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 116.
This is probably the Robert Bamber
of Warbreck. who died in 1624 holding
lands by the same tenure, and leaving
a son William, aged three; ibid, iii,
462. Richard Bamber died in 1609
holding messuages and land in Great
Layton of the king as duke by knight's
service; his son and heir John was fortyseven years old; ibid, i, 154. Some
further particulars will be found in Fishwick's Bispham, 116–19.
John Anion in 1609 held messuages,
&c., in Warbreck of the king as duke by
the one-hundredth part of a knight's fee;
his heir was his son John, aged twentytwo; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 155.
This son seems to be the John Anion
who died in 1623 holding by the twohundredth part of a knight's fee. His
son and heir John was ten years old;
ibid. iii, 435. See Fiahwick, op. cit. 115.
Thomas Jollice in 1618 held a messuage, &c., of the king as duke by the
three-hundredth part of a knight's fee;
he left a son and heir Robert, aged five;
ibid. ii, 111.
John Walsh died in 1624 holding land
in Layton of the king and leaving a son
Henry; Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Notes, i,
74, where some particulars of the family
Robert Crane died in 1627 holding a
messuage, &c., in Layton, tenure not
recorded; his heir was a grandson Robert
(son of Richard son of Robert) Crane,
aged fifteen; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxvi, no. 31.
Robert Gaulter died in 1631 holding a
messuage, &c., in Little Layton of Paul
Fleetwood as of his manor of Little
Layton. His heir was his brother George,
aged forty-four; Towneley MS. C 8, 13,
||Richard Warbreck, 1628, held his
messuage in Warbreck of the king by
the two-hundredth part of a knight's fee.
Thomas, his son and heir, was four years
old; ibid. 1309. See Fishwick, op. cit.
||The priory seems to have had merely
an acre, given them by William son of
Emery le Boteler, so that they might
build a tithe-barn there. This acre lay
by the pathway leading from the highroad to the little mere; Lanc. Ch. (Chet
Soc.), ii, 438. It was included in the
grant of the advowson of Poulton to
Thomas Fleetwood in 1554.
||William le Boteler granted the
canons all his part of Threplands,
within his demesne of Layton, as marked
out by crosses, with right of way to the
sea and the pool, excepting 25 acres held
by Walter son of Swain (de Carleton) by
a rent of 6d.; Cockersand Chartul. i,
155–7. Threplands or Threfelt was
between Layton and Marton. The same
benefactor gave 20 acres in Withroom,
on the west aide towards the mill, and a
rent-charge of 40s. from his camera or
treasury; ibid, i, 156, 159, 161.
||Porter, Fylde, 311 62. Further
details, particularly with regard to the
recent changes, have been supplied by
Mr. T. Loftos, town clerk.
||There are eight later Improvement
||Ibid. 339. The title was changed
from Layton-with-Warbreck Local Board
to Blackpool Local Board in 1868.
||Ibid. 355–9. The original wards
were Claremont, Talbot, Bank Hey,
Brunswick, Foxhall and Waterloo.
||42 & 43 Vict. cap. 199. The part of
Bispham included was the detached portion known as Bispham Hawes, south of
Layton. The boundaries of the wards
||The township boundary was extended in 1896 to include the foreshore.
||The Free Libraries Act was adopted
Lanc. Ch. ii, 436.
||Porter, op. cit. 330.
Lond. Gaz. 10 Mar. 1860.
||A memoir by Mr. C. W. Sutton is
prefixed to his tale called Penny Stone,
1886, He was the son of Giles Thornber
of Poulton, born about 1805, and educated
at Brasenose Coll., Oxf.; B.A. 1828.
His History of Blackpool was first printed
at Poulton in 1837, and reissued later;
it is of great value, both on account of
the author's local knowledge and as recording conditions that have long passed
away. He wrote other antiquarian
essays. He died at Stafford 8 Sept.
||Porter, op. cit. 360; Lond. Gaz.
22 Dec. 1871.
||An iron church was erected in 1861;
Porter, op. cit. 341. For district, Lond.
Gaz. 28 Mar. 1871.
||Porter, op. cit. 335.
||Ibid. 345. They had previously
used Bethesda Chapel.
||Ibid. 340. The congregation originated in a division in the Congregational
chapel; Nightingale, Lancs. Nonconf. i,
||Ibid, i, 137–51; Porter, op. cit.
||Nightingale, op. cit. i, 162.
||Porter, op. cit. 359.
||Ibid. 339; Kelly, Engl. Cath. Missions, 86.