||4,243 acres, including 57 of inland
water; Census Rep. (1901). A small
detached portion of Cleveley was added
in 1887 by Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 20097.
At the same time (ibid. 20100) a small
part of Ellel was added.
Lancs. and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 207.
To the north of the township is the site
of Bradshaw Cross; ibid. 206.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 2–5.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 357–65, of which
the account here given is an outline.
||Gilbert, usually called Fitz Reinfred,
held one knight's fee in Lancashire in
1212; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 2.
This fee was usually said to contain
twenty-four plough-lands, and the Wyresdale portion was separately reckoned as
half a knight's fee.
||Ibid. i, 144, 165. He held in all
thirty-six and a half plough-lands in
Lancashire, cither in demesne or granted
out in service or alms, by the service of
one knight. The yearly value was
£93 10s. 8½d. The heirs were Peter
de Brus, of full age, and Walter son of
William de Lindsay, aged sixteen.
||In 1269–70 Agnes de Brus distrained
Robert de Holland to appear at her court
of Garstang; Curia Regis R. 199, m. 4d.
Yorks. Inq. (Yorks. Arch. Assoc), i,
147–50. For the Brus or Bruce of
Skelton family see Ord, Cleveland, 249–50.
In 1278 Roger de Wedacre claimed a
messuage and lands in Garstang against
William de Lindsay, who replied that he
had a share of the inheritance of William
de Lancaster in conjunction with Walter
de Fauconberg, Agnes his wife, Marmaduke de Thweng, Lucy his wife, John de
Bellew, Ladarena his wife and Margaret
de Ros. These were accordingly summoned, Margaret being in Westmorland;
De Banco R. 24, m. 50 d. The land
claimed may have been in Barnacre,
'Garstang' being used for the whole of
the fee within the parish.
Later in the same year Richard de
Tresal (? Threlfal), Ellen his wife and
Agnes daughter of Warine de Blyth
claimed 60 acres in Garstang against John
le Tailor of Garstang (Kirkland), and
he called to warrant him the representatives of William de Lancaster, viz.
William de Lindsay, Walter de Fauconberg, Agnes his wife, Marmaduke de
Thweng, Lucy his wife, Margaret de Ros,
Sibyl and Joan, daughters and heirs of
Ladarena de Bellew, which Sibyl and Joan
were under age and in custody of John de
Bellew, who lived in Yorkshire; De
Banco R. 27, m. 41. Margaret de Ros
does not appear again in connexion with
In 1292 Roger de Wedacre (a grandson
of Paulinus) claimed certain tofts, &c.,
against Ingeram de Gynes, Christiana his
wife, Ada widow of William de Lindsay
and Walter son of Walter de Fauconberg;
the trial was adjourned to the full age of
Lucy daughter of Robert de Thweng and
of Joan daughter of John de Bellew;
Assize R, 408, m. 38. Joan and her
elder sister sibyl, wife of Miles de
Stapleton, are named as heirs in 1292;
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 383.
The Bellews do not appear again in
Wyresdale except in the statement as to
William de Coucy's court (1344) quoted
||For the partition in 1281 see Cal.
Close, 1279–88, pp. 105–6.
||In 1290 Marmaduke de Thweng
and John de Rigmaiden were defendants
to a Garstang claim by one Robert de
Hasthorp; Assize R. 1288, m. 13 d.
From 1294 onwards John de Rigmaiden
appears to have been in sole occupation;
Assize R. 1299, m. 16; De Banco R.
106, m. 145. In 1301 John and his wife
Isolda were stated to have a third part of
the lordship of the vill of Garstang;
Assize R. 1321, m. 5 d. In 1309 Isolda,
as widow, called Marmaduke de Thweng
and Walter son of Walter de Fauconberg
to warrant certain land to her; De Banco
R. 179, m. 164.
||Marmaduke son of Robert de
Thweng, according to later pleadings,
granted various lands in Wyresdale and
apparently a part of the lordship to his
son Marmaduke, which latter Marmaduke had a son William, the plaintiff in
1333; Coram Rege R. 294, m. 47. The
first-named Marmaduke must have been
the husband of Lucy and father of the
Robert whose daughter Lucy was a Lancaster co-heir in 1292, as recorded above;
see Plac. de Quo Warr. loc. cit.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 147.
||The suits began in 1325 and lasted
for many years; see De Banco R. 258,
m. 284; 264, m. 61; 275, m. 33 d.
||Coram Rege R. 294, m. 47. For
further details see De Banco R. 304,
m. 286; 305, m. 339; 323, m. 19 d.
||Inq. p.m. 15 Edw. III (1st nos.),
no. 4. Among other land he held a piece
of waste called Solam or Sulam in Garstang
(in Barnacre), named in later inquisitions
of the family.
||Inq. p.m. 18 Edw. III (ist nos.), no. 45.
||De Banco R. 345, m. 2 d.; the pedigree is given as Marmaduke de Thweng
-s. Marmaduke -s. Sir Marmaduke -s.
Thomas. It appears that Robert and
Thomas were priests, the latter being rector
of Kirkleatham; Ord, Cleveland, 269.
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 4.
His three sisters (all dead) were Margaret
wife of Sir Robert de Hilton, Katherine
of Sir Ralph Daubeny and Lucy of Sir
Robert de Lumley. The first left two
daughters, Isabel wife of Sir Walter
Pedwardine and Maud, represented in
1374 by her son Sir John de Hotham;
the second left a daughter Elizabeth wife
of Sir William de Botreux; and the third
was represented by her grandson Robert
de Lumley (son of Marmaduke).
||Chan. Inq. p.m. 10 Hen. VI,
no. 42; he held four messuages, &c, in
Garstang of John Duke of Bedford, also
a messuage in the same place called
Sulam, uncultivated. Thomas Lumley,
his son and heir, was aged twenty-two in
1431, when the inquiry was made.
The Lumley estate in Wyresdale and
Cleveley was by Private Act of 1531
granted to the king in exchange for other
lands and given to his illegitimate son
Henry Duke of Richmond. This son
dying in 1536 the lands were granted to
Sir William Parr; L. and P. Hen. VIII,
xii(1), g. 795 (14).
||De Banco R. 13, m. 8 d.; 17,
m. 89 d.; 51, m. 48 d.; 55, m. 45;
Assize R. 408, m. 3.
||De Banco R. 296, m. 188; 326,
m. 204 d.; Assize R. 1435, m. 52.
||Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 4
(Mich.), 5 d. (Lent).
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 166, 168.
The family had the barony of Lindsay in
Berwick-on-Tweed and various manors,
&c., in Scotland.
Cal. Doc. rel. to Scotland, ii, 69, 72.
In 1292 Edward I caused inquiry to be
made as to the loss he might have sustained by the marriage of the heiress, but
it was alleged to be the custom that when
an heir had lands both in Scotland and
England the marriage was granted where
the body was found; Coram Rege R. 134,
For the pedigree see Duchesne, Hist.
des Maisons de Guines . . . et de Coucy,
The homage of Ingram de Gynes and
his wife was specially named in a grant
by Edward I to his brother Edmund in
1291; Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xi,
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 258.
Plac. de Quo Warr. (Rec. Com.), 383;
a statement of the descent is given. In
1291 Ingram de Gynes had been commanded to do homage to Edmund the
king's brother for the lands in the honour
of Lancaster held in right of his wife;
D. of Lanc. Royal Chart, no. 172–3.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 289, 297.
||Assize R. 424, m. 2.
||De Banco R. 225, m. 435 d.
||Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 39b., which
gives Ingram instead of Baldwin (probably
his brother). The latter name appears in
the version printed in Gregson's Fragments (ed. Harland), 341. The lordship
extended over Great and Little Eccleston,
Great Carleton, Upper Rawcliffe, Catterall, Sowerby and Rowall.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 164.
Cal. Pat. 1324–7, p. 172; Inq.
a.q.d. file 186, no. 8 (19 Edw. II).
||De Banco R. 294, m. 291 d. She
died soon afterwards; Cal. Pat. 1330–4,
Cal. Doc. rel. to Scotland, iii, 210.
The pedigree above referred to states that
William married Isabel de St. Paul.
Cal. Pat. 1340–3, pp. 69–70. In
1334 there was a treaty of marriage
between John Earl of Cornwall (son of
Edward III) and Mary daughter of
William de Gynes, lord of Coucy, but
the marriage did not take place; Rymer,
Foedera (Syllabus), i, 274.
The elder William appears to have
died in or before 1339, leaving his son
William a minor; Cat. Pat. 1338–40,
p. 252. Robert de Gynes was uncle of
William the son; ibid. 1340–3, p. 70.
Ingram brother of the elder William is
named in 1341; De Banco R. 326,
m. 191 d.
||In 1337 Edward III granted the
custody of Robert's lands to his nephew
William de Coucy, the king's yeoman;
Cal. Pat. 1334–8, p. 404. It seems
from this grant that William's own lands
had for the time been seized.
William de Coucy in 1340 obtained a
grant of free warren in his demesne
lands of Wyresdale and elsewhere; Chart.
R. 14 Edw. III, m. 2, no. 7.
||Inq. p.m. 17 Edw. III (1st nos.),
no. 51; Robert son of Ingram de Gynes
is named, and Ingram, brother and heir
of William, was of full age. The manor
of Wyresdale (of which William had held
a moiety) was held of the Earl of Lancaster by knight's service. The manor
(place) was worth 12d.; 60 acres of
arable land held by tenants at will rendered 6d. a year each, as did 11 acres of
meadow. Various tenants at will paid
£18. There was a park rendering 9s.
yearly; the moiety of three water-mills
rendered £4 and a fulling-mill 10s. The
court was held jointly with Robert de
Bellew from three weeks to three weeks,
and was estimated to produce 20s. in all.
There were also nine free tenants of the
Coucy moiety, holding by knight's service
and rents amount.ng to 24s. 10d. William
de Coucy had by the king's grant held
certain estates which had belonged to
Robert de Gynes.
The inquiry as to the estates of the
said Robert, 'an adherent of the king's
enemies in France,' was made a year
later. It was found that he had held of
the Earl of Lancaster a moiety of the
manor of Wyresdale in fee in the vill of
Garstang by knight's service; William
de Coucy had occupied it for his life, and
after him the king had granted it to the
Countess of Pembroke; Inq. p.m. 18
Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 58.
||A further inquiry was made in 1347;
Inq. p.m. 20 Edw. III (2nd nos.), no. 63.
It gives many details. The pasture of
the manor site was worth 6d.; 75¼ acres
of demesne farmed to various persons
were worth 112s. 10½d.; in Hallsteads
and Mekmyr were 4 and 4½ acres of
meadow, 17s.; a several pasture, 40s.;
tenants at will of improved land,
£38 7s. 10d.; 8 acres more might be
improved, worth 8s.; Thomas de Rigmaiden, who held per indiviso with the
other lord, inclosed 12 acres, of which
6 acres belonged to the Coucy moiety, 6s
At Cleveley a water-mill and the moiety
of another were worth £4, a mill at
Garstang 40s., the moiety of a mill at
Sandholm 46s. 8d., a fulling-mill at
Cleveley and the moiety of a mill at
Calder 20s. The sale of wood produced
6s. 8d. The rents of free tenants came
to 24s. 10d.
There were two courts—a common
court, the perquisites of which were worth
20s. a year, and a several court, 13s. 4d
Other profits arose from the pannage of
pigs, dead wood, the fishery of the Wyre,
honey and bees in the park and outside
Other inquisitions were taken in
1365–6, as cited below.
||The lands of Ingram son of Ingram
de Gynes were escheated in 1342; Cal.
Close, 1341–3, p. 452. This may refer to
a son of the earlier Ingram. In 1343
a preliminary grant of William de
Coucy's lands was made to his brother
Ingram; Cal.Pat. 1343–5, p. 36.
||A grant to the Countess of Pembroke
(Mary de St. Pol) has been recorded
above. After the expiry of her term the
manor of Wyresdale was to go to Aymer
Darcy for life; Cal. Close, 1343–6,
p. 643. The Earl of Lancaster was in
1345 suing her for her free tenement in
Garstang, viz. a moiety of the manor of
Nether Wyresdale; Assize R. 1435,
m. 35 d.
Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 50,
52. The former moiety is wrongly
described as one plough-land only. The
sheriff's compotus of 1348 gives it
Cal. Pat. 1345–8, p. 370. The
Archbishop of York in 1368 gave licence
to the Prior and Canons of Kirkham (in
the East Riding) to remove the body
of John de Coupland from Carham to
their church; Dods. MSS. vii, 202. For
will see Wills and Invent. (Surt. Soc),
||The Duke of Lancaster in 1361
claimed a moiety of the manors of
Mourholme and Wyresdale against John
de Coupland and Joan his wife; Assize
R. 441, m. 2 d. Joan is described as
daughter and heir of John de Rigmaiden;
Feud. Aids, iii, 90. She died early in
1365 holding by grant of Edward III
the Coucy part of the Lancaster family's
possessions. The moiety of the manor
of Wyresdale was held of John (of Gaunt),
Duke of Lancaster, by knight's service,
with reversion to Ingram de Coucy Earl
of Bedford and Isabella his wife; Inq.
p.m. 49 Edw. III, pt. i, no. 29.
||In Sept. 1365 a fresh inquiry was
made as to the lands, &c., of William son
of William de Coucy; Inq. p.m. 49
Edw. Ill, pt. i, no. 22. It was stated
(erroneously) that William had died
without heir in 1335 and that he was
'a man of the kingdom of. France.'
In the next year another jury found that
William de Coucy had held the moiety
of the manor of Wyresdale, &c., as before,
that he died in Feb. 1341–2, and that his
heir was Ingram de Coucy Earl of
Bedford, son and heir of Ingram brother
of the said William; ibid. 50 Edw. III
(1st nos.), no. 18. William the English
and then John de Coupland and Joan his
wife were said to have occupied the
manors, &c., after William's death.
||G.E.C. Complete Peerage, i, 292;
'Ingelram or Enguerraud de Coucy,
Sire de Couci, La Fère and Oisi in the
district of Marie, &c., only s. and h. of
Enguerraud de Couci of the same . . .
succeeded his father in 1344, being then
in his fifth year. He was one of the
hostages for John King of France to
England, where he arrived in 1360. The
English king showed great favour to him,
restoring him to lands in Lancashire, &c.'
He in 1367 gave the king the reversion
of his manors, then held by Joan widow
of Sir John de Coupland (Arch. Journ.
xxxv, 166), and finally renounced his
English honours in 1377. Mention is
made of a grant by him; Cal, Pat.
1385–9, p. 413.
||G.E.C. op. cit. i, 293. At his death
in 1435 he held the manor or lordship of
Wyresdale of the king in chief by knight's
service, and other parts of the Lancaster
inheritance; Chan. Inq. p.m. 14 Hen. VI,
no. 36. The king was his nephew
and heir. Jaquetta his widow had as
dower the third part of a moiety of
Wyresdale, &c., and held it till her death
in 1472; Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 91.
Richard Boteler of Kirkland was the
farmer of the lordship; Cal. Pat.
1436–41, p. 275.
A rent from the manor is named
among the possessions of John Duke of
Somerset in 1444; Chan. Inq. p.m. 22
Hen. VI, no. 19.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 28.
Henry VI granted all the late Duke of
Bedford's manors, &c., to Edmund Tudor
Earl of Richmond (d. 1456), from whom
they descended to his son afterwards
Henry VII; as king he gave the same
to his mother for life. She had dower in
1459, confirmed 1464; Cal. Pat. 1461–7,
p. 363. For a grant by her to Sir
William Parr (1472, 1475) see ibid.
1467–77, pp. 334, 532. She survived
her son three months, dying 14 July 1509,
and Henry VIII succeeded her. She
had a further connexion with Lancashire
as wife of the Earl of Derby, and sometimes lived at Lathom; Cooper, Lady
In 1498 a writ was issued summoning
Margaret Countess of Richmond and
John Rigmaiden to hear judgement in a
plea concerning their right to assize of
bread and ale in Garstang; Pal. of Lanc.
Writs Proton. 15 Hen. VII.
||To Sir Thomas Parr in 1513 for
forty years; Pat. 4 Hen. VIII, pt. i.
To William Parr Earl of Essex in 1546;
Pat. 38 Hen. VIII, pt. vi. To Henry
Earl of Cumberland in 1553–4 for
twenty-one years; Pat. 1 Mary, pt. iv.
||Pat. 16 Eliz., pt. ii; the grant, to
Gilbert Gerard and his wife and their
issue, included the manors of Nether
Wyresdale, Ashton, Carnforth and Scotforth.
||G.E.C. Complete Peerage, iv, 17–18;
Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i, 653.
||A third part of a moiety from
Charles Fleming and another third part
from Thomas Brockholes; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 64, no. 21, 28. A
settlement of the manors of Wedacre,
Nether Wyresdale, Winmarleigh, &c., was
made in 1611; ibid. bdle. 77, no. 58.
||Chan. Inq. p.m. (Ser. 2), ccclxviii,
119 (16 Jas. I); the purchase of the two
moieties of the manor is recited, also a
settlement on Eleanor wife of Gilbert
Lord Gerard for life with remainder to
Gilbert in tail male. Gilbert, the son
and heir, was twenty-one years of age.
||Ibid. cccci, 119; Dutton, the son,
was nine years old.
||Ibid. dxcix, 92; Charles, the son
and heir, was five years of age.
||The following refer to settlements of
the manors:—1618, by Gilbert Lord
Gerard; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
94, no. 7. 1635, by Dutton Lord
Gerard, Robert Viscount Kilmorey and
Eleanor his wife; ibid. bdle. 127, no. 7.
1662, by Charles Lord Gerard and Jane
his wife; ibid. bdle. 168, m. 7.
Lord Kilmorey is named in Cal. Com.
for Comp. ii, 1284–5.
||G.E.C. Complete Peerage, iv, 146–50.
The descent may be given in outline as
follows: James, 4th duke, killed 1712
-s. James, 5th duke, d. 1743 -s. James,
6th duke, d. 1758 -s. James George,
7th duke, d. 1769 -bro. Douglas, 8th
duke, d. 1799 -uncle Archibald, 9th
duke (son of James, 5th duke), d. 1819–s.
Alexander, 10th duke, d. 1852.
Lord Archibald Hamilton (afterwards
duke) was knight of the shire 1768–72;
Pink and Beaven, Parl. Repre. of Lancs.
85. He died at Ashton Hall.
There were fines and recoveries of the
manors of Nether Wyresdale, &c., in
1701 by James Duke of Hamilton and
Elizabeth his wife, 1737 by James Duke
of Hamilton, 1762 by Lord Archibald
Hamilton, and 1800 by Archibald Duke
of Hamilton and Alexander Marquess of
Douglas; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F.
bdles. 247, m. 105; 319, m. 10; Plea
R. 596, m. 5; Aug. Assizes, 40
Geo. III, R. 6.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 54.
||The Ormrods were cotton spinners
of Bolton. James Ormrod of Chamber
Hall died in 1825, leaving two sons,
Peter and James; Barton, Bolton Glean.
i, 153. The latter was father of Col.
James Cross Ormrod named in the text.
Peter Ormrod rebuilt the parish church
at Bolton; his brother James built St.
Peter's, Scorton, in memory of him.
The price paid for Nether Wyresdale
(4,027 acres) was £110,500, for
Cleveley (693 acres) £35,100, and for
Cabus (1,359 acres) £54,100; Preston
Guard. 21 Nov. 1874.
||Hewitson, Northward, 75.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 57.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. 1870), ii, 528.
Fishwick (op. cit. 47–54) gives a list of
the tenants in 1604–5 with the allotments of common made to each by
agreement with Lord Gerard.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 72;
the manor of Wyresdale is here called
Goburthwaite. See the account of Little
||Scabgill in Wyresdale was in 1615
held by Robert Foxe of the king as of
his manor of Wenden Ferrens in Bucks,
in socage. Thomas Foxe, aged twenty,
was next of kin and heir; Lancs. Inq.
p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.), ii,
Park House, part of the lands of
William (Parr) Marquess of Northampton,
was in 1561–4 in dispute between
Anthony Harrison (in right of his wife
Margaret, daughter and heir of Richard
Hodgekinson) and William Harrison, &c.;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), ii, 286–7.
There were disputes as to tenures in
the manor in 1664 and later, yielding
the names of many of the tenants;
Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
38, 43, 44. The depositions were
printed in the Preston Guard. 6 Nov.
1886 and later. A court held at
Wedacre is named. There were further
disputes in 1687, Lady Elizabeth Gerard
being in possession; Exch. Dep. 71.
||William Baines, recusant, had twothirds of his estate under sequestration in
1653; Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 157. John Baines,
aged thirty, admitted to the English
College, Rome, in 1659, was son of
William. He stated that his parents,
'Catholics of the middle classes, descended
from an ancient stock . . . suffered much
on account of their religion and were
reduced to very slender means in consequence'; Foley, Rec. S. J. v, 399. He
was ordained and sent to England. John
Baines, who had taken part in the 'second
war' on the king's side, escaped with a
fine of £3; Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 118.
Thomas Mercer and Mary his wife,
who were leaseholders under Lady Kilmorey, for recusancy suffered sequestration, but were dead in 1655; ibid, iv, 130.
The surname is given as Myerscough in
Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3242. John
Rigmaiden of Wyersdale, recusant, desired to contract for the two-thirds of his
estate in 1654; ibid. v, 3186. John
seems to have died soon after, the trustees
of his daughter Anne, wife of Roger
Green, petitioning for discharge later in
the year; ibid, iv, 2851. William
Windress, though not actually sequestered,
compounded in 1651 for having been in
arms for the king in 1643; ibid, iv, 2899.
Ducatus Lanc. iii, 275.
||Burke, Landed Gentry.
||Fishwick, op. cit. 256.
||A district was formed for it in 1880;
Lond. Gaz. 17 Sept.
||Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 524.
A poor woman, employed at the mill,
held a class meeting in her house; this,
after some persecution, found protectors
in the mill-owners and regular services
||Services began in 1875 and an iron
church was opened in 1881; Nightingale,
Lancs. Nonconf. i, 207.
||Hewitson, op. cit. 521–3. Mass used
to be said at Brackenlea (occupied by the
Jenkinsons), and there was a priest's
hiding-place at Foxhouses. 'The original
Catholic chapel at Scorton was a small
rude thatched building. In its early career
the building, it is said, was used as a
clogmaker's shop on weekdays and for
Catholic worship on Sundays. It was
eventually replaced by another building,
set apart entirely for religious purposes.
This was afterwards used as a schoolroom.
For the convicted recusants in Nether
Wyresdale and Cabus c. 1670 see Misc.
(Cath. Rec. Soc), v, 172–4. The names
include Baines, Blackburn, Cawthorne,
Cross, Hubbersty, Myerscough, Parkinson, Sykes and Windress.
The Garstang churchwardens in 1755
reported a 'Papist chapel' at Wyresdale;
Visit. Ret. at Chester.
End. Char. Rep. for Garstang, 7, 8.