||3,788 acres, including 39 of inland
water; Census Rep. 1901.
||Lewis, Topog. Dict. A cotton factory
was built about 1791 on the Brock;
Preston Guard. 24 May 1884.
||Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 286.
Lancs, and Ches. Antiq. Soc. xx, 199.
||Shepherd Hill, Langtree's and
Catterall House; ibid. 199, 200.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288a.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 36.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 56, 60; Roger
desired that Richard and Robert, sons of
Uctred, should have their tenure of two
plough-lands in Claughton defined: was it
in fee or only for a term? The tenants
were of the Singleton family.
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Chei.), i, 33. Gilbert Fitz Reinfred and
Hawise his wife (she was daughter and
heir of William de Lancaster II) obtained
from Richard le Boteler an acknowledgement that the plough-land he himself held
was the fee and right of Hawise, and that
the other plough-land, held (? lately) by
Richard son of Uctred and Robert de
Stanford, was also her right.
||Ibid. Hawise was to receive the
services due from these tenants, who were
Adam de Claughton, Michael de Claughton, Walter de Winwick and Richard de
Stanford. Here nine plough-lands were
reckoned to a knight's fee.
||As in the case of Warton this passed
to the lords of Woodplumpton. Quenilda
Gernet in 1252 held two plough-lands in
Claughton of Edmund de Lacy Earl of
Lincoln, but received nothing from it
except wardship and relief; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, i, 190. Ralph de Beetham in
1254 held the two plough-lands, but
received nothing because others had been
enfeoffed freely by the fee of a hauberk;
ibid, i, 202. Nicholas de Eaton held
Quenilda's right in 1311–12; ibid, ii,
||In 1297 Claughton rendered 2s. 2d.
to the Earl of Lancaster, probably for
castle guard; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i,
290. In 1324 the lord (or lords) of
Claughton held the manor of Alice de
Lacy (as of the fee of Penwortham) by
the sixteenth part of a knight's fee and
rendering 2s. 2d. a year for caatle guard;
Dods. MSS. exxxi, fol. 39b.
In 1346 Queen Isabella paid the 2s. 2d.
rent for two plough-lands in Claughton;
Survey of 1346 (Chet. Soc), 44. The
tenants' names were thus recorded in
1355: Thomas Banastre, Robert de
Haldleghs, Henry de Kuerden, Richard de
Towneley and John de Stamford or
Stanford, having the 128th part of a
knight's fee which William de Whittingham formerly held; Feud. Aids, iii, 88.
This return appears to be erroneous, but
William de Whittingham had in 1323
held land in the township of Adam
Banastre; Lancs. Inq. and Extents, ii, 154.
In 1431 Richard Balderston and John
Brockholes of Heaton held the manor of
Claughton by the fifth part of a knight's
fee; Feud. Aids, iii, 95. In 1445–6
Richard Balderston was named as sole
tenant; Duchy of Lanc. Knights' Fees,
bdle. 2, no. 20.
||The preceding note affords proof of
this. William Banastre was in 1324
found to have died seised of a moiety of
the vill of Claughton held of the Earl of
Lancaster (as of the inheritance of Alice
de Lacy) by the eighth part of a knight's
fee and 2d. yearly. In the other moiety
he held lands of the Hospitallers and
Cockersand Abbey; Lancs. Inq. and
Extents, ii, 160. The Banastre lands in
Claughton are again mentioned in 1379;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 14, 16.
In 1456 Richard Balderston was found
to have held the manor of the king as of
his duchy by 16d. rent; ibid, ii, 63.
The same estate is mentioned in the
following century in the inquisitions after
the death of Edmund Dudley, the Earl
of Derby, Radcliffe of Winmarleigh, Sir
Gilbert Gerard and Sir Alexander
The manor of Claughton was held by
the Earl of Derby in 1600; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 62, no. 113. It
was sold in 1602, with other estates, by
the representatives of Ferdinando the
fifth earl; ibid. bdle. 64, no. 44. For
names of tenants, &, see Add. MS.
32108, no. 677–8.
||In the account of Barnacre with
Bonds. It does not appear that Adam
had any land in Claughton.
||Isolda occurs frequently in the story
of the Rigmaidens of Wedacre, but her
parentage is not given, nor is it stated
how Nichola was her heir. Various
details as to Roger and Nichola will
be found in the account of Brockholes.
Roger de Brockholes acquired a messuage and land in Claughton from Godith
de Myerscough; Brockholes of Claughton
D. in the possession of Mr. FitzherbertBrockholes. Roger son of Adam de
Brockholes and Nichola his wife in 1292
claimed a tenement in Wlgarheved and
Garstang against John de Rigmaiden and
Richard de Pleasington; Assize R. 408,
m. 46 d. Nine years later (Michaelmas,
1301) it was stated that Roger, Nichola
his wife and John their son were all
under age; ibid. 419, m. 13. Nichola
widow of Roger was living in 1344;
ibid. 1435, m. 37 d.
||See the account of Brockholes. In
1316 Nichola widow of Roger de Brockholes granted land in Garstang to John
de Brockholes her son and Margaret his
wife with remainder to John's brother
Adam; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
Lib.), B 171.
||John son of John de Rigmaiden conceded to John de Brockholes the homages
of certain tenants, among these being
William de Tatham; Brockholes D.
William son of Gilbert de Rigmaiden
gave him lands at Turnhurst in Garstang
for life; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, B 173.
In 1323 William de Tatham, then
rector of Halton, granted various lands
in Claughton to John de Brockholes;
Brockholes D. From Final Cone. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 50 it appears
that William in 1324 received them from
John for life at the rent of a rose, and
that Ralph de Stirzacre put in a claim.
In 1327 John de Brockholes quitclaimed
to Richard son of Walter de Claughton
all right in the Priestridding in Claughton
which Richard had had from William de
Tatham in exchange for land in Dikounridding; Brockholes D.
John de Brockholes and Margaret his
wife were defendants in 1325; De Banco
R. 258, m. 467. Margaret widow of
John in 1333 called Nichola widow of
Roger de Brockholes to warrant; ibid.
294, m. 291 d. She and her son Roger
were defendants in respect of a tenement
in Garstang in 1336; ibid. 305, m.
||Add. MS. 32105, fol. 94; Langscale had been obtained from William
de Southworth. A red rose was to be
given to William and his heirs on
St. John Baptist's Day. The chaplain
was to say mass daily for the souls of
William de Tatham and his kin, Eustace
de Cottesbech and all the faithful departed. Should Roger die without heir
the remainders were to John and Edmund
brothers of Roger. It would appear from
the grant that the Brockholes family
were not the legal heirs of William de
Tatham, and as land in Tatham was
afterwards held by them it seems clear
also that William was the owner of the
estate and not merely a trustee.
The deeds show that William de
Tatham had been acquiring lands in
Claughton for many years. The following made grants to him: Adam son of
Adam son of Bimme de Claughton (1 d.
rent), John son of Thomas de Stanford
(land in Grassyard in Towncroft), Robert
son of Roger de Claughton, Robert le
Ward (homage of John son of John de
Bilsborrow), Godith daughter of John
son of Walter de Myerscough (in Dereridding), Richard son of Walter de
Claughton and others (in Priestridding),
Richard son of Roger de Bilsborrow (rent
of 14d. due from the Wederidding in
Douaneshaigh Moss) and Adam son of
Henry de Rowall (land in Catterall);
Brockholes D. John de Brockholes
attested several of the charters, which
are undated. In 1311 Adam son of
Richard de Claughton gave William de
Tatham a messuage and land in Laufield
in Claughton; in 1325 John son of
William de Whittingham and Margery
his wife gave him a water-mill and a
fulling-mill, being Margery's dower; and
Richard son of Patrick de Claughton gave
rents and the sixth part of a mill, formerly
belonging to Roger de Bilsborrow; ibid.
In 1333 Adam son of Richard de Claughton and Maud his wife confirmed their
grant; Final Conc. ii, 91. There are
other charters in Towneley C 8, 13
(B 148, 242).
In 1324 Thomas de Stanford released
to William de Tatham his right in the
eighth part of the lordship of Claughton;
In 1325 Roger son of Robert son of
Ralph de Claughton gave a messuage, &c.,
to his father with reversion to John
de Brockholes; C 8, 13, B 133.
William de Coucy in 1339 complained
that Roger de Brockholes, William his
brother and four Stirzacres had broken
his close, &c.; De Banco R. 320, m. 449.
William son of John de Brockholes was
in 1343 sent to gaol for wounding, &c.;
Assize R. 430, m. 20.
||Ibid. m. 12 d.; William son of John
de Bilsborrow and Adam his brother were
implicated. In 1341 Roger de Brockholes had made a feoffment (perhaps in
view of his marriage) of his manor of
Claughton, with lands in Catterall, Bilsborrow, Haighton, Tatham and Garstang;
Brockholes D. The widows Nichola and
Margaret were living. In the same year
Roger complained of assault; Coram Rege
R. 319, m. 125.
||Inq. p.m. 12 Edw. III (1st nos.),
no. 12. The chaplain received 66s. 8d.
from the estate as stipend.
||In 1341 (i.e. before the father's
death) Thomas de Holden and Margery
his wife (widow of Robert de Claughton)
claimed dower in Claughton against Roger
son of John de Brockholes, John de
Pleasington and John the Souter, and in
the following year John de Pleasington
called William brother and heir of Roger
de Brockholes to warrant him; De Banco
R. 327, m. 35; 333, m. 213.
This shows that Roger had been a
posthumous son, and at his proof of age
(1363) it was stated that he was born at
Salesbury 10 August 1342; Dep. Keeper's
Rep. iii, App. 208.
William son of Ralph de Stirzacre, as
nephew of William de Tatham, who had
died seised, claimed three messuages, &c.,
in Claughton and Bilsborrow in 1346
against Richard de Towneley and Ellen
his wife. The defendants called Roger
son of Roger de Brockholes to warrant
them, but he was under age; Assize R.
1435, m. 31.
Final Conc. ii, 114; the remainders
were to William son of John de Brockholes, John and Edmund his brothers, &c.
These brothers put in their claim, as did
Eufemia their sister.
Salesbury, where Roger was born, was
a manor of the Clitheroe family, Sir
Adam having died before 1342.
||In 1356 Roger son of Roger de
Brockholes acquired lands in Aighton,
and in 1363 he made a feoffment of lands
in Tatham; Brockholes D. In the latter
year he appeared as plaintiff; De Banco
R. 416, m. 383 d. In 1369, 1373 and
1375 he acquired certain lands and rents
in Claughton, the names including White
Carr, Alcocks Field, Myerscough Field and
Dawfield; Brockholes D. The grantors
were Henry de Kuerden and Isolda his
wife, Joan daughter and heir of Henry
de Fetherby (widow), John de Stanford
and Robert de Pleasington, Richard son
of William de Stirzacre. In 1390 Roger
obtained land in Catterall from Robert
Haneson de Stirzacre; ibid. In 1388
Roger acquired land in Claughton from
John the Glover and Margery his wife;
Final Conc. iii, 30.
||Towneley MS. HH, no. 1889.
In 1420 Agnes daughter of Roger
Brockholes deceased acknowledged the
receipt of £10 from her mother Ellen;
Add. MS. 32105, SS 689.
||Roger's son John de Brockholes in
or before 1387 married Katherine de
Heaton, and so obtained the manor of
Heaton in Lonsdale, which he granted to
feoffees in 1407; Brockholes D. From
that time Heaton seems to have been the
chief residence of the family for about
200 years. In 1409 John son of Roger
de Brockholes received lands in Claughton
and Brockholes from John de Whittingham of Claughton; ibid. In 1431 (see
note 12) he was recognized as joint
lord of the manor of Claughton—the first
official record of his status. In 1437
several family arrangements were made
by him: an annuity of 5 marks to his
son William; lands for life to his son
Thomas by a second wife named Joan
(Brockholes D.); Alcockfield to his son
Robert, and to Isabel his daughter; C 8,
13, B 145, &; Add. MS. 32105, fol.
In the collection of deeds last referred
to is a sworn testimony (1428) as to the
inheritance of Sir Geoffrey Brockholes,
whose daughter married at Colchester;
ibid. fol. 173b. Sir Geoffrey is not known
to have had any connexion with the
In 1438 and 1439 lands were settled
on Thomas (son of Roger son of John)
Brockholes and Elizabeth his wife in
Claughton, Catterall, Garstang and
Tatham; Brockholes D. John Brockholes had died somewhat earlier; the
date of the writ of diem cl. extr. is given
as 30 May 1437; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxiii, App. 37. In 1441 Roger his son
received the manor of Heaton from the
Thomas Brockholes (son of Roger) in
1465 granted to Sir James Harrington
the wardship and marriage of his son
Roger, and in the following year Sir
James gave Roger to be married to Ellen
daughter of William Chorley; at the
same time Thomas Brockholes gave her
Byrewath in Garstang for life; Towneley
MSS. C 8, 13, B 206, &c. Margaret
widow of the former Roger was living in
1465, but seems to have been dead in
1466; Brockhole. D. Thomas Brockas
holes and Roger his son in 1474 granted
Galgate House, Walgrefe Close and
Herldonsoe upon White Carr in Claughton to Ellen Dore for life; ibid. Thomas
was dead in 1476, when his widow
Elizabeth made an agreement as to her
dower with Roger the son and heir;
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 73.
Provision made for Ellen his wife and his
five daughters is recorded, and a fuller
statement of various settlements is contained in a later inquisition (ibid. no. 77).
Roger Brockholes (of 1441) married
Margaret; his son and heir Thomas was
succeeded by his son Roger, who married
Ellen Chorley, as above, and she survived
The wardship and marriage of John
Brockholes were in 1500 granted to
William Smith; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxix, App. 551.
||In 1527 Cuthbert son and heir of
John Brockholes was contracted to marry
Margaret daughter of Thomas Rigmaiden;
Towneley MS. C 8, 13, B 216. Twelve
years later further arrangements were
made as to the succession, Cuthbert and
his wife being still alive; the remainders
were to Thomas, younger son of John,
Edward second son of Thurstan Tyldesley,
and to Mary daughter of John Brockholes;
ibid. B 161, 217–18. Cuthbert must
have died soon afterwards, for in 1541
Thomas son and heir of John was engaged
to marry Dorothy daughter of John
Rigmaiden, or Mabel her sister if she
should die; ibid. B 223.
The will of John Brockholes is dated
1546; ibid. B 224. He died shortly
after, and livery was granted to Thomas
in 1557; Add. MS. 32105, fol. 217;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix, App. 551. A
settlement was then made; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 201, m. 1.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 6;
Margaret widow of Cuthbert was living
at Hulme. The will of Thomas Brockholes is recited; Claughton was to be
held for a term of years for the benefit of
his daughter Elizabeth, only four years
old, and then to his son Thomas. In
default of issue the remainders were to
the said daughter Elizabeth and heirs, to
his sister Mary, another sister Katherine
Kydde, to Robert Parker—all for life;
and then to the next of kin of the name
of Brockholes. The sister Mary had in
1541 married William Singleton of
Brockholes; Brockholes D. The daughter
Elizabeth was in 1580 contracted to
marry John son and heir of Edward
Livery was granted to Thomas Brockholes in 1582; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxix,
Visit. of 1613 (Chet. Soc), 31; the
family is described as 'of Heaton.'
Lancs. Inq, p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 148–9. The manor of
Claughton was stated to be held of the
king as duke by the twenty-eighth part of
a knight's fee; various lands in Bilsborrow,
&, by the moiety of a knight's fee; and
others in Garstang by the like service.
The heir was the son John, aged thirtyone.
||Pedigree of 1665; C 8, 13, B
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath. i,
306. The two-thirds of Thomas Brockholes' estate sequestered for recusancy
were in 1608 granted out by the Crown;
Pat. 6 Jas. I, pt. xxi.
||The papers in the case of the head
of the family seem to have been lost,
but the sequestration is evident from the
record of his relatives; Royalist Comp.
Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
i, 243–50. John Brockholes, who died
in 1643, left a widow Dorothy (who
married Captain John Reines) and an
infant son Augustine, to whom he
assigned an annuity of £10, which was
stopped before 1651. Another son, John
Brockholes of Torrisholme, adhered to
the forces raised against the Parliament
and in 1649 applied for leave to compound. A cousin, Thomas Brockholes of
Heaton, and his mother had their lands
sequestered for recusancy and delinquency.
This Thomas 'admitted at the beginning
of the wars he had acted against the
state, but soon seeing his error he
subsequently did all he could in the
parliamentary interest'; he had for two
years been imprisoned for debt in the
The will of Thomas Brockholes of
Heaton (1638) is in C 8, 13, B 228.
||The manors of Claughton and
Heaton were sold in 1653; Royalist Comp.
Papers, i, 249. Three of the name of
Thomas Brockholes were in the act of
sale of 1652—one of Chaigley and the
others of Heaton—but none is described
as 'esquire'; Index of Royalists (Index
Soc), 42, 51.
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 58.
His son John was then twenty years old.
Two other sons were priests; Gillow,
Bibl. Dict. of Engl. Cath. i, 308. The
continuation of the pedigree may be seen
in Fishwick's Garstang (Chet. Soc.), 242;
Burke, Commoners, iii, 384–6. In 1699
a settlement of the manors of Claughton
and Heaton was made by John Brockholes
and John his son; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 243, m. 16.
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
Nonjurors, 141; the annual value was
£522 19s. 1d.
||Gillow, op. cit. i, 307. The will of
John Brockholes of Claughton, dated
1718, in which year he died, is in Piccope
MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 200.
||Of these Roger was the priest at
Claughton and died in 1743; Thomas
died in 1758, and Charles, a Jesuit at
Wigan, in 1759, being the last of the
male line; ibid.; Foley, Rec. S. J. vi,
454; vii, 87. In a recovery of the
manors in 1739 the vouchee was Catherine Brockholes, spinster; Pal. of Lanc.
Plea R. 551, m. 3. She was a daughter
of John Brockholes by his second marriage and in 1739 married Charles
tenth Duke of Norfolk.
||The licence for the marriage of
William Hesketh and Mary Brockholes
was dated 1710; Brockholes D. Her
sister Anne married Robert Davies of
Gwysaney and in 1737 Mrs. Davies, as
a widow, claimed the whole estate as
next Protestant of kin; ibid. It appears
that Thomas Brockholes had made a
conveyance to Thomas Clayton and she
probably thought the whole would be
sold. Her husband's family intervened
to prevent the claim proceeding; though
Protestants they objected to profit by the
penal laws. Her descendants are the
representatives in blood of the old Brockholes family. See Burke, Landed Gentry
under Davies-Cooke of Owston.
||Joseph married Constant a daughter
of Basil Fitzherbert and died in 1782.
He made a feoffment of the manors of
Claughton and Heaton in 1767; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 377, m. 297.
||He was brother of the above-named
Constantia. His elder brother Basil
(d. 1797) was father of Francis (d. 1857)
father of the present lord of Claughton.
||Burke, Landed Gentry.
||a There are three illustrations in
Twycross, Lancs. Mansions, ii, 41. The
building was barely finished in 1817 when
Mr. Wm. Fitzherbert Brockholes died.
It comprises the whole of the house
except the offices and servants' rooms,
which belong to the older building.
||The fine of 1208 (cited above) shows
Adam and Michael de Claughton each
holding a fourth part. Each of them was
a benefactor to Cockersand Abbey;
Chartul. (Chet. Soc), 254, &c. So also
were William son of Michael and Richard
de Claughton; ibid. From William de
Tatham's charter of 1338 it appears that
his part of the manor had been purchased
from Adam son of Richard de Claughton.
Adam son of Adam lord of Claughton
occurs in 1329 in one of the Brockholes D.
Walter de Winwick was another of
the lords in 1208. Later there was a
Walter de Claughton whose descendants
are named in the Brockholes D. Thus
in 1327 John de Brockholes made an
exchange of land with Richard son of
Walter de Claughton and in 1338 John
son of Richard son of Walter de Claughton granted all his lands to Robert his
son. John de Pleasington granted to
William son of Richard son of Walter de
Claughton all lands formerly belonging
to John son of Richard son of Walter;
ibid. The date of this must be later
than the others, for in 1356 the said
William was claiming land against John
de Pleasington; Duchy of Lanc. Assize
R. 5, m. 25.
||In 1252–3 the sheriff was ordered
to deliver to Walter de Myerscough an
oxgang of land in Claughton which had
belonged to William de Myerscough, an
outlaw; Close R. 67, m. 3.
Roger de Wedacre in 1284 complained
that Maud de Claughton, William de
Myerscough and Isolde his wife had
disseised him of land in Claughton, and
recovered it; Assize R. 1268, m. 12.
John and Robert de Myerscough contributed to the subsidy of 1332; Exch.
Lay Subs. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
Randle del Wood (Bosco) was one of
the early owners and granted a rentcharge of 2s. &c., to his son William;
Brockholes D. John son of William de
Myerscough gave a fraction of the waste
in Claughton to Richard son of Walter
son of Randle del Wood; ibid. John son
of John de Myerscough in 1344 made a
grant to John son of Thomas son of
Richard de Claughton; ibid. Other
deeds of the family are preserved in the
same collection; Horseriddington and
Timberhurst are among the Claughton
place-names. Other deeds are in Dods.
MSS. cxlii, fol. 52b, 58 (Brustare Croft),
||The name is also spelt Fotherby and
varies to Feyreby and Ferriby.
In 1302 Henry son of William de
Fetherby called Ellis de Fetherby to
warrant to him the third part of a
messuage, &c., in Claughton claimed in
dower by Christiana wife of Nicholas de
Garstang; De Banco R. 142, m. 111.
Christiana was widow of Gilbert de
Clifton and had exchanged for land at
Ferriby in Yorkshire; ibid. 143, m. 107.
Nichola widow of Ellis de Fetherby in
1308 claimed dower in two messuages,
&c., against Henry de Fetherby and
Isolda his wife; ibid. 173, m. 193 d.
Isolda daughter of John de Myerscough
in 1313–14 recovered land in Claughton
against Isolda wife of Henry son and
heir of William de Fetherby and others;
Assize R. 424, m. 7.
Henry was living in 1331 (De Banco
R. 283, m. 372 d.; 287, m. 224 d.), but
in 1336 his widow Margery, then wife of
John son of Adam de Hindley, claimed
dower in Claughton against Robert son of
John de Blackburn (of Showley) and Joan
daughter (and co-heir) of Henry de Fetherby, and against Geoffrey son of John
son of Geoffrey de Walton and Isolda
the other daughter; ibid. 308, m. 360;
310, m. 27. By 1346 Margery had
married a third husband, Richard son of
Robert de Parr, and made a new claim
for dower against the same parties; ibid.
349, m. 208 d.
Robert de Haldleghs, Joan his wife,
Henry de Kuerden and Isolda his wife
(in the wives' right) claimed a messuage,
&c., in 1355, against John son of Robert
the Wright and Robert de Middleton;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize 4, m. 28 d.;
7, m. 2, In 1360 Robert de Haldleghes
and Joan his wife, Henry de Kuerden
and Isolda his wife, sought land in
Claughton, as the right of the wives, who
were daughters and co-heirs of Henry
de Fetherby; ibid. 7, m. 2. Joan (as
above) in 1369–73 granted her lands to
Roger de Brockholes; Brockholes D.
||It has been shown that Richard de
Stanford had a part of the manor in 1208
and John de Stanford in 1355.
Richard (son of Robert) de Stanford
and John de Stanford were benefactors of
Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. i, 256–8,
Maud widow of Thomas de Stanford
was a plaintiff in 1312 m respect of her
dower in Claughton; De Banco R. 193,
m. 40; 195, m. 156.
Thomas de Stanford occurs in 1324;
Brockholes D. Nicholas de Eaton in
1323 granted to William de Tatham,
clerk, the wardship of John son and heir
of Thomas de Stanford; Add. MS. 32104,
John de Stanford paid to the subsidy in
1332; Exch. Lay Subs. 59. In 1337
William son of Adam son of Thomas de
Calder sought a messuage in Claughton
held by John de Pleasington and John
son of Thomas de Stanford; De Banco
R. 310, m. 158. Ralph another son of
Thomas claimed land in the same year;
Assize R. 1424, m. 11 d. Robert de
Stanford was called to warrant in 1352;
Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 4 d.; 2,
In 1444 Lawrence Stanford and Agnes
widow of Henry Stanford settled a messuage, &c., in Claughton through Henry
Garstang as trustee; Final Conc. iii, 111.
In 1465 Henry Albyn as grandson of
Henry Stanford complained that Joan
widow of Richard Balderston was detaining
a box of charters; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R.
28, m. 20. In 1469 he claimed land
against Richard Barton, alleging that
Lawrence Stanford had died without
issue; ibid. 35, m. 7 d.
||See below under Hecham for some
In 1324–5 William son of William de
Whittingham and heir of Alice wife of
the elder William paid 9d. as relief.
Part of his lands were held of William
Banastre, a minor, but he held 1 oxgang
of land of the king by the hundred and
twenty-eighth part of a knight's fee; 20
acres made an oxgang; Memo. R. (L.T.R.)
88, m. 74.
According to the return of 1355
William's estate became divided among
co-heirs. Richard de Towneley and
Ellen his wife were associated with John
de Whittingham of Claughton in defence
in 1344; Assize R. 1435, m. 37 d.
Alice widow of John de Myerscough in
1354 claimed a rent of 5s. from Claughton—obtaining 4s. 8½d.—against Richard
and Ellen de Towneley; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 3, m. id.
The Whittingham family was represented in the township long after this
time. Richard son of John de Whittingham made a feoffment of land there in
1377; Add. MS. 32106, no. 426. In
the preceding year dower had been claimed
against him by Isabel widow of Nicholas
son of John de Whittingham; De Banco
R. 463, m. 142 d. John Whittingham
gave messuages in Claughton and Bilsborrow in 1488 to his son Robert; Pal.
of Lanc. Writs Proton. Lent 3 Hen. VII.
Margaret Whittingham, widow, in 1505
claimed dower against John Whittingham;
Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 99, m. 2 d.; Final
Conc. iii, 156.
||a Richard Whittingham compounded
with the Parliamentary authorities in
1649 for his estate in Claughton. A
son Thomas had been killed at Newbury in 1643 fighting for the king; but
his widow Anne afterwards married John
Molanus, a sergeant-major for the Parliament; Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 205s.
||John de Bellew and Joan his wife
in 1318 claimed dower in two messuages
and half a plough-land against Thurstan
son of Margaret de Worsley; De Banco
R. 225, m. 170 d.
In 1325 William de Multon and Joan
his wife (as widow of William de Holland)
claimed the same against Thurstan son
of William de Holland; ibid. 258, m. 384;
261, m. 2 d.
In 1403 it was found that Richard de
Holland of Denton held a place called
Mateshed in Claughton of the king by a
rent of 1½d. to him and 4s. to William de
Balderston; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1461.
||Hugh and Edward Barton (his son)
purchased two messuages, &c., from
Edward Holland in 1564; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 26, m. 222. Edward
Barton died in 1595 holding the messuage
of Lord La Warre in socage, and leaving
a son Hugh, one year old; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 23, 88. The
tenure seems incorrectly stated. John
Barton died in 1633 holding what appears
to be the same property, but the tenure
is not recorded. Hugh his son and heir
was fifteen years of age, and there were
other children, Richard, Elizabeth and
Jane; ibid, xxvii, no. 7. Margery his
widow afterwards married Cuthbert Tyldesley of Stirzacre and in 1652 claimed
the two-thirds of a tenement sequestered
for the recusancy of Elizabeth Barton,
spinster; Royalist Comp. Papers, i, 150.
||They had Matshead; see the account of the family and pedigree in
Fishwick, op. cit. 253; also Upper Rawcliffe in St. Michael's. Mr. Whitehead
of Garstang town raised a company for the
Parliament in 1643; Lancs. War (Chet.
Soc.), 42. He was a member of the
Presbyterian Clasais in 1646.
||James Boteler in 1504 held messuages, &c., in Goosnargh and Claughton
of the king by knight's service; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. iii, no. 109. The
Claughton land appears to have descended
to Standish of Duxbury, but the tenure
was not recorded in 1599; ibid, xvii,
||John Singleton held of the king as
duke in 1530 by the ninety-secondth part
of a knight's fee, but his successors by the
fortieth part; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
vi, no. 32; viii, no. 9; xiii, no. 16
Gabriel Hesketh purchased messuages,
&c., in 1541 from John Singleton, and
sold to William Kirkby in 1563; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 12, m. 60; 25,
||In 1491 William Skillicorne sold to
Thomas Earl of Derby the lands in
Claughton which had formerly belonged
to William Bradkirk, and before that to
John Warburton; Knowsley D. 2/13.
Henry Kighley of Inskip (1554) and
his son held messuages and lands of the
queen as of her duchy by knight's service;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. x, no. 49; xi,
John Kighley of White Lea in Goosnargh in 1616 held in Claughton of the
Hospitallers (dissolved) by 6d. rent;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), ii, 31.
George Kirkby of Upper Rawcliffe
(1558) and his brother William held of
Thomas Brockholes by a rent of 3d.;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 8;
xvii, no. 16. Gilbert Latus of Goosnargh
(1568) held the fourth part of four messuages, &c., by the same service; ibid,
xii, no. 11.
Robert Shireburne of Catterall held the
Conigree in Claughton of the queen as
duke by knight's service in 1572; ibid.
xiii, no. 10.
Ewan Browne of Ribbleton in 1545
held a messuage in Claughton as part ot
his Ribbleton estate, but in 1568 and
later the tenure was described as of
Thomas Stirzacre by services unknown;
ibid, vii, no. 24; xi, no. 4; xiv, no. 42.
John Starkie, Anne his wife, Henry
Starkie and Isabel his wife held their
messuages, &c., in 1558; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 19, m. 38. Afterwards
(1577) Henry and Isabel were said to
hold the third part of the manor of
Claughton; ibid. bdle. 39, m. 120. Henry
Starkie (of Aughton near Ormskirk) was
at his death said to hold messuages, &c.,
of the queen as of her duchy by the
fortieth part of a knight's fee; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvii, no. 70.
Robert Walmesley of Coldcoats in 1612
held three messuages, &c., of the king as
duke by the two-hundredth part of a
knight's fee; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.),
William Hesketh of Mains in 1622
held in Claughton of the Earl of Derby
in socage; ibid, iii, 364.
The tenure of the land ofWilliam and
Thomas Richardson of Myerscough is
||Edward and Lawrence Parkinson in
1584 obtained messuages, &c., in Claughton and Catterall from Thomas Richardson and Thomas his son and heir; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 46, m. 94.
Richard Parkinson (son of John son of
Richard son of John) died in 1621 without
issue, holding Enfield House, the Oatfall,
&c., of John Brockholes by 1d. rent;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc), ii, 250–2.
His heir was his half-brother George, aged
fifteen. Edward Parkinson in 1631 held
lands in Catterall and Claughton which
had belonged to the Hospitallers and then
to Shireburne; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), 993. In 1653 John Parkinson, recusant, desired to compound for the
sequestered two-thirds of his estate; Cal.
Com. for Comp. iv, 3175.
||Robert and Lawrence Wilkinson in
1592 made a settlement of seven messuages, &c., in Claughton; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 54, m. 149. Lawrence
(son of Thomas) Wilkinson in 1637 held
two-thirds of a messuage, with the reversion of the other third after the death of
Janet his father's widow, of Richard
Shireburne as of his manor of Howath,
parcel of the possessions of the late dissolved priory of St. John of Jerusalem in
England. His son and heir Thomas was
six years old, and his widow Ellen was
living at Thornley; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. xxx, no. 79. Janet Wilkinson,
widow, as a recusant in 1654 desired to
contract for the two-thirds of her estate
sequestered; Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3193.
||John Arthwright died in 1625 holding land late of the Hospital of St. John;
William his son and heir was fifty years
of age; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 8.
George Bradshaw died in 1638 holding
a messuage, &c., of Lord la Warre in
socage. His son John was twenty-two
years old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxx,
Lawrence Cottam in 1607 held his
messuage, &c., of Edward Osbaldeston,
and left as heir his son Richard, aged
twenty-one; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), i, 99. Richard's lands
were sequestered (as to two-thirds) for his
recusancy under the Commonwealth and
in 1654 he applied for leave to contract.
He died soon afterwards and was succeeded by a son Lawrence, but Thomas
Beesley of Goosnargh claimed part;
Royalist Comp. Papers (Rec. Soc. Lancs.
and Ches.), ii, 81. The Cottams were
of Bannister Hey in Claughton.
James Eckersall died in 1608 holding
partly of the king as of the dissolved
Hospital of St. John (by 2½d. rent) and
partly in chief by knight's service. His
heir was a brother Thomas, aged thirtysix; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec. Soc.), i, 136.
John Heritage held a messuage, &c.,
of Richard Shireburne as of the Hospitallers; he died in 1629, leaving a son
Hugh, aged thirty; Towneley MS. C 8,
13, p. 517. John Heritage purchased at
the sale of the Derby estate in Claughton
in 1602. His son Hugh died about
1643, leaving a widow Margery; she
being a recusant had two-thirds of her
tenement sequestered under the Commonwealth in 1646. John Heritage, their
son, having attained his majority in 1652,
and 'being a Protestant, his father having
been a Protestant, and he (petitioner)
having been so brought up from a child,
being also well affected to the Parliamentary Government,' desired the discharge
of the sequestration. He was churchwarden of Garstang in 1653–4, Royalist
Comp. Papers, iii, 181–4.
Thomas Hodgson died in 1627 holding of the heirs of John Stanford;
Edward, his son and heir, was fifteen
years old; Towneley MS. C 8, 13,
John Leigh died in 1631 holding of
John Brockholes as of his manor of
Claughton; Thomas, his son and heir,
was forty years old; ibid. 747.
Christopher Walmesley held lands in
1623 of Thomas Richardson in socage by
16d. rent, and had a son and heir William,
aged eighteen; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc.), iii, 402. William Walmesley died
in 1638 holding two messuages, &c., of
the king as of the dissolved priory of
St. John; the heir, his son Thomas, was
of full age; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxx, no. 61. Thomas Walmesley, recusant, in 1653 petitioned to contract for
the sequestrated two-thirds of his estate;
Cal. Com. for Comp. v, 3178.
||William de Claughton granted land
in Claughton, the Hecham road forming
part of the boundary; Dods. MSS. cxlix,
fol. 68b. William de Havile, vicegerent
of the order of St. John of Jerusalem in
England, granted land in Hecham and
Henryfield to William son of Geoffrey
de Whittingham; ibid. fol. 69. William
son of Geoffrey de Whittingham received
the manor of Heigham in 1279 from
John de Tatham; Final Conc, i, 156.
Ralph de Hecham in 1287 granted land
in Hecham to William de Whittingham,
clerk, and Ellen his wife; Dods. MSS.
cxlix, fol. 68b. Adam de Whittingham
afterwards released all his right there to
John de Tatham; ibid. fol. 69b.
Candelay son of Madoc granted land
in Hecham to William his son, and
William about 1228 granted it to Walter
son of Richard the rector of Tatham,
while Alice de Hecham, widow, gave
Walter de Tatham land in Henryfield;
ibid. fol. 70. The above-named Ralph
(son of Roger) de Hecham gave lands in
Dowanshargh (?) to John son of Walter
de Tatham in 1274; ibid. fol. 69b. Sir
Randle de Dacre, sheriff, and other
prominent men attested this charter.
Ralph son of Roger de Hecham demised
land in Hecham to Joan (?) daughter of
Hugh de Mitton, and she in her widowhood transferred to Roger de Wedacre
and Maud his wife; Add. MS. 32104,
no. 1309, 933. Ralph de Hecham also
granted Roger de Wedacre land the
bounds of which touched Fardenshaw
Brook, Anedarewelache, Wanesnape and
the Brock; ibid. no. 932.
John de Hegham contributed to the
subsidy in 1332; Exch. Lay Subs. 59.
William de Southworth in 1322–3
granted the manor of Hecham in Claughton to his daughter Elizabeth; she married
John de Bardsey, who in 1355 farmed
the manor to Robert de Haldlegh; Dods.
MSS. cxlix, fol. 70b–71b.
Jane Beesley of Goosnargh (widow of
Henry) in 1585 held the moiety of a
messuage called Rigmaiden House, alias
the Fell House, but the tenure is not
stated; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xvi,
no. 24. The charters copied by Dodsworth, and quoted above, in 1632 belonged to Richard Chrichley or Critchlow
of Rigmaiden House in Claughton. In
the Civil War he took the king's side,
and his estate was sequestered; he compounded in 1649 by a fine of £7 10s.;
Cal. Com. for Comp. iii, 1951; v, 3290.
There is a farm called Heigham.
||This name seems to have disappeared.
Avice daughter of Richard son of Adam
de Claughton granted to the Hospitallers
land which Peter de Dowanshargh held
by her father's gift; Add. MS. 32104,
no. 1307. The Dowanshargh family
appear to have granted their land to
William de Tatham; ibid. no. 401, &c.
||Some grants to the order have
been mentioned already, but it appears
that they were already in possession of
land in the township in 1208, in the
half plough-land of Adam de Claughton;
Final Conc, i, 33. The Prior of St. John
in 1334 claimed 4 acres against Richard
de Myerscough; De Banco R. 298,
The lands in Claughton were regarded
as part of the manor of Howath, and so
passed to Shireburne of Stonyhurst;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvi, no. 4.
Many tenants' names can be gathered
from preceding notes.
Cockersand Chartul. i, 253–62.
Several of the benefactors have been
named already. Others were Walter de
Winwick, Grimbald son of William de
Slyne, Robert son of Paulin de Bilsborrow
and Adam son of Roger de Eccleston. A
number of place-names occur in the
charters, including Akenehead, Redelache, Wlveley Brook, Huntersti, Nunhouse Stead, and Whitewell Brook;
'scaling' is used as a common noun.
||See notes on Barton, Cottam,
Critchlow, Heritage, Parkinson, Walmesley and Wilkinson.
||Fishwick, op. cit 28–30.
||William Arthwright, James Barnes,
Hugh and Thomas Barton, Lawrence
Caton, Lawrence Cottam, Margaret
Cottam (her son Hugh under age),
John Green, Thomas Sweetlove and
Robert Wilson; Estcourt and Payne,
Engl. Cath. Nonjurors, 97, &c.
||Act 3 Geo. II, cap. 3, private.
||In 1590 inquiry was made as to
Thomas Brockholes' title to Langscales
in Catterall; it was supposed to be held
for 'superstitious uses,' in connexion
with the chapel; Exch. Dep. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs. and Ches.), 6, 7. This no doubt
refers to William de Tatham's chaplain.
Misc. (Cath. Rec. Soc.), v, 176–9.
Notes are given on the families of Barton,
Baines, Cottam and Whittingham.
||Gillow, Bibl. Dict, of Engl. Cath.
Dict. Nat. Biog.
||See the account of Preston.
||In 1748 Thomas Brockholes gave
Claughton House (later Butt Hill) to the
secular clergy priest who should assist the
Catholics of Claughton; Brockholes D.
||There is a full account in the
Liverpool Cath. Annual for 1885;
Hewitson, Our Country Churches, 286–96;
Fishwick, op. cit. 121–2.