||The area of the part outside Lancaster was in 1901 given as 2,126 acres,
including 7 acres of inland water; its
population was only 251; Census Rep.
||Hewitson, Northward, 143.
||a Dict, Nat. Biog.
V.C.H. Lancs, i, 290a.
||Adam son of Nicholas de Bowland
and Christiana his wife in 1292 claimed
land in Scotforth against Ingeram de
Gynes and Christiana his wife, and other
land against John Gentyl; Assize R.
408, m. 13 d. A third part of the manor
was in 1319 settled by Ingeram de Gynes
and Christiana his wife; Final Conc.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 36.
This estate came to the Crown, and in
1435 was described as the fourth part of
the manor, being held by John Duke of
Bedford of the king as duke by knight's
service; Chan. Inq. p.m. 14 Hen. VI,
no. 36. In 1509 it was held by
Margaret Countess of Richmond, grandmother of Henry VIII; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. iv, no. 28.
The other part is mentioned in 1301
in the partition of the Lancaster inheritance between Marmaduke de
Thweng and Margaret de Ros; Final
Conc, i, 214. John son of John de
Rigmaiden had a rent from Scotforth in
1323; ibid, ii, 51. Thomas de Stapleton
had an interest there in 1373; Inq.
p.m. 47 Edw. III (ist nos.), no. 32.
Thomas de Thweng died in 1374 holding one plough-land in Scotforth, for
which Agnes de Washington rendered 2d.
a year, and Bailrigg also; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), i, 4, 6. The place is named
again in Sir Marmaduke de Lumley's
moiety of the knight's fee in 1382;
Chan. Inq. p.m. 6 Ric. II., no. 50.
||In 1301 Randle le Gentyl obtained
the fifth part of two plough-lands in
Ashton and Scotforth from John le
Gentyl; Final Conc, i, 194. Agnes
daughter and co-heir of Randle married
Robert de Washington; Dods. MSS.
cxlii, fol. 81b.
||In 1395 John Hancock of Scotforth,
outlawed for robbery in 1392 and
afterwards hanged, was found to have
held his cottage and land of Robert de
Washington as of his manor of Scotforth;
Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc.), i, 62. Agnes
was the daughter and heir of Robert;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxiii, App. 5.
||Edmund Lawrence was the Stapleton
tenant here as in Ashton in 1373; Inq.
p.m. 47 Edw. III (1st nos.), no. 32. In
1450 Robert Lawrence held a moiety of
the manor of Scotforth of the king as duke
by 1d. rent; but Sir James Lawrence in
1490 was said to hold his land in Scotforth by knight's service; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet Soc.), ii, 57, 131.
On the division of the Lawrence estate
among the numerous heirs the lands in
Scotforth appear in many hands, but the
'manor' here as in Ashton seems to
have gone to Butler of Rawcliffe, Radcliffe
of Winmarleigh, and so to Sir Gilbert
Gerard; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vii,
no. 4; xvi, no. 2. Other references may
be seen in the inquisitions concerning
Skillicorne, Rishton, Standish of Duxbury, Rigmaiden and Molyneux. The
tenure, when mentioned, is stated variously, sometimes as by knight's service
and at others as in socage. In 1520 the
manor and other lands in Scotforth were
said to be held of the king as duke in
socage by 1d. rent; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. v, no. 65.
Cecily Molyneux was styled lady of the
manor in 1589; Ducatus Lanc. (Rec.
Com.), iii, 228.
Hugh Anderton and James his son
sold their part of the inheritance to
Roger Parkinson and William Ashburner
in 1562; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle.
24, m. 99, 105. Ralph Rishton sold to
various persons (ibid. bdle. 25, m. 97,
122) and part was acquired by Ashburner
in 1566; ibid. bdle. 28, m. 209.
||In addition to the manor he held as
his wife's inheritance Sir Gilbert Gerard
obtained a grant of the queen's manor (or
share of it) in 1574; Pat. 16 Eliz. pt. ii.
Thenceforward the manors of Ashton
and Scotforth are usually named together,
as may be seen in the references given in
the account of Ashton, e.g. in the recovery in 1800 by Archibald Duke of
Hamilton; Pal. of Lanc. Aug. Assizes,
40 Geo. III, R. 6.
||In most cases the old assessments
were reduced by half, so that these two
plough-lands were probably in Scotforth
and Nateby, as appears by the fines quoted
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 4.
William de Lancaster III on his deathbed (1246) granted 15 acres in Scotforth
to John Buscel; ibid, i, 165. In 1251
Avice widow of Roger son of Aylward
sought dower against John Bussel;
Curia Regis R. 145, m. 14 d., 51 d. John
Bussel gave land in Crook, Kelderise and
Skinner's flat to Cockersand Abbey;
Chartul. (Chet. Soc), iii, 804.
||Ailward (Halleward) and Amice his
wife, daughter of Hugh Norman, granted
land in Scotforth and Burrow to Cockersand; ibid, iii, 801–2. Roger called son
of Ailward and son of Amice daughter of
Hugh Norman was also a benefactor;
ibid. 800, 804. Roger son of Ailward
granted land in Langthwaite and Arrebreck to Lancaster Priory and his son
Roger made a further small gift; Lanc.
Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 336–40. William
son of Roger de Scotforth was non-suited
in 1292 in a claim against Roger; Assize
R. 408, m. 46 d.
||Adam son of Robert de Scotforth
and Agnes his wife were defendants to a
claim in 1292; Assize R. 408, m. 54.
John son of William de Scotforth, called
Miles, has been mentioned in the account
||William de Dalling in 1323 acquired a tenement from Robert Scot of
Bigthwaite and Cecily his wife; Final
Conc, ii, 57. Alice daughter of William de
Dalling, under age, was a plaintiff in
1356; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R. 5, m. 20.
The Prior of Lancaster claimed land
in Scotforth from Robert de Washington
and Agnes his wife in 1336 and two years
later Sir Nicholas de Stapleton made
various claims against the same Robert
and Agnes, Richard Banastre, John de
Lancaster and Alice his wife; De Banco
R. 308, m. 203; 315, m. 257 d. Alice
widow of Adam Darling in 1344 made
claims for dower in a messuage and mill
in Scotforth and Ashton against William
son of William son of James de Bolton
and against Robert and Agnes de Washington; ibid. 338, m. 246 d.
John the Mercer of Lancaster had
land in Scotforth in 1351; Duchy of
Lanc. Assize R. 1, m. 8; 2, m. 8. John
del Hall occurs in 1355; ibid. 4,
m. 22. Adam Skillicorne held land in
1371; Final Conc, ii, 180.
Thomas Bolron of Lancaster had land
in Scotforth in 1496; ibid, iii, 146.
Henry Duckett's tenement in Scotforth
(1506) was no doubt the same estate; it
was held of the heirs of John Lawrence
by services unknown; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. v, no. 20.
Lawrence Starkie of Lancaster in 1532
held land in Scotforth of the king as
duke by knight's service; ibid, ix, no. 21.
His heir sold some at least to Richard
Johnson in 1547; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of
F. bdle. 13, m. 244.
The estate of Robert Pearson, dead in
1564, included Little Ridding, Sowram,
&c., in Scotforth; Ducatus Lanc, ii, 352.
The inquisitions do not afford much
of interest. Thomas Brockholes of
Claughton in 1618 held a messuage, &c.,
of Gilbert Lord Gerard; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 148.
William Padgett or Patchett died in 1618
holding messuages, two water mills, &c.,
of the king as duke in socage by a rent of
7s. and leaving as heir a son Francis,
aged eleven; ibid. 132; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxvii, no. 71. Francis
Waller died in 1623 holding two messuages, but the tenure is not recorded;
his son Thomas was thirty years of age
in 1637; ibid, xxviii, no. 41; xxix,
William Ashburner or Asburner, mentioned in a former note, in conjunction
with his wife Frances made a feoffment
of his land, &c., in 1572; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 34, m. 120.
Thomas Goose and Ellen his wife also
occur; ibid, bdles. 34, m. 145; 37, m. 48 ;
44, m. 187. John Goose died at Winmarleigh in 1602 holding two messuages,
&c., in Scotforth and Bare, but the tenure
is not given. Thomas his son and heir
was thirteen years old; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xviii, no. 49.
||Henry son of Alan de Ashton in
1288 confirmed a gift made by William
son of Roger de Bailrigg to Lancaster
Priory; Lanc. Ch. ii, 347. Roger de
Bailrigg (Ballyk) was plaintiff in 1292;
Assize R. 408, m. 54. Alice widow of
Roger de Bailrigg in 1305 claimed dower
in Scotforth against John son of John de
Bailrigg and Alan de Ashton; De Banco
R. 153, m. 187. In 1309 the former
defendant called upon John son and heir
of Roger de Bailrigg to warrant him;
ibid. 174, m. 225.
In 1 348 John son of John de Bailrigg
and Maud his wife received from the
feoffees the fourth part of the manor of
Scotforth, together with the homages and
services of various tenants there; Final
Conc. ii, 126.
The executors of Thomas de la More,
rector of Heysham and guardian of John
de Bailrigg, in 1357 complained that
Lawrence de Bailrigg had broken into
the heir's house, &c.; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 5, m. 4 d.; 6, m. 4 d.
||John Gardiner in 1467 obtained from
Richard Neel and Isabel his wife the
manor of Bailrigg with messuages, &c., in
various places; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 31,
m. 26. The manor was by his will assigned to the maintenance of his chantry
and almshouses, and in 1548 there were
three tenants at Bailrigg, paying £4 4s. 4d.
in all, out of which a chief rent of 12d.
was paid to Sir Thomas Holt, who had
purchased the Cockersand Abbey estates
in Bailrigg; Raines, Chantries (Chet.
Soc), 221–4; Pat. 35 Hen. VIII, pt. iv.
The confiscated chantry lands were in
1598 in dispute among various persons;
Ducatus Lanc. (Rec. Com.), iii, 387, 389,
&c. Richard Thompson, then one of the
parties, died in 1618 holding messuages,
&c., in Bailrigg of the king as of his
manor of East Greenwich. The inquisition, taken in 1634, showed that he
had two daughters and co-heirs—Margaret
(aged forty-six) wife of Richard Hind
and Anne (forty) wife of Robert Pye.
The estate had been settled on the elder
daughter; Towneley MS. C 8, 13 (Chet.
||Robert son of Richard de Burrow
(Burgo) gave to Cockersand Abbey land
near the gate (porta) of the vill of Burrow;
Chartul. iii, 803. In another charter
Scotforth and Burrow are mentioned as if
distinct places; ibid. 805. In 1349,
however, Burrow is described as a hamlet
in the vill of Scotforth; William de Bigthwaite had held land there and his widow
Edusa received it from the trustee;
Kuerden fol. MS. (Chet. Lib.), 92. This
land seems to have been acquired by
Lambert Stodagh; ibid. 73.
||William Cave (about 1450) gave
Lambert Stodagh 4 acres in Hazelrigg in
the vill of Scotforth; ibid. 88. Little
Hazelrigg is mentioned in the early
Cockersand grants; Chartul. iii, 801.
||Lambert Stodagh in 1561 (? 1461)
made an agreement with forty-two tenants
of the whole lordship of Scotforth and of
the hamlets of Langthwaite, Bailrigg,
Bigthwaite and Burrow, parcels of the
lordship, respecting an approvement he
had made of 8 acres, of which 6 acres
were in Bigthwaite. He had had the
land by the gift of Robert Lawrence of
Ashton at a rent of 12d. Lambert agreed
to enfeoff five or six persons in the
approvement at a rent-charge of 10d. a
year, which the constable of Scotforth
should receive and pay yearly to the king;
Kuerden fol. MS. 386.
Hallatrice or Hollowtrice (Halewat'rice)
was held of the priory of Lancaster for
9s. rent in 1430; Rentals and Surv. R.
378. Lambert Stodagh died in 1511
holding in Burrow and Bailrigg of the
king in socage; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. iv, no. 1. 'Halrowethrase' was
held by George Southworth in 1586 of
Sir Gilbert Gerard; ibid, xiv, no. 11. It
was sold by Thomas Southworth, and in
1664–88 owned by John Cawson of Norbreck in Cockerham; W. Farrer's D.
||The lands of Lancaster Priory were
sold to Robert Dalton together with Aldcliffe and Bulk.
The Cockersand lands in Bailrigg and
Burrow were granted to Thomas Holt
(see above). The charters afford various
place-names as Micklecrook, Littlecrook,
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
||46 Geo. III, cap. 25.
||It is kept at Lancaster; Lancs, and
Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and Ches.),
Lond. Gaz. 28 Mar. 1876.