||See the accounts of the church and of
||The Archdeacon of Richmond alleged
that 1,000 men and women had died
between 8 Sept. 1349 and 11 Jan. following, but the jury allowed but a small
fraction of his claim for dues. The
following are named as dying at that
time: William de Furness, the wife of
Richard de Guncester, Thomas Belan,
Roger Hanson and the wife of Adam
Slack; Engl. Hist. Rev. v, 528.
There was a visitation of plague in
1650, as appears by the registers.
||Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 3, m. 30.
||The Daltons were the only family
recording pedigrees at the heralds' visitations.
Trans. Hist. Soc. (new ser.), xxiv, 173,
&c. For convicted recusants c. 1670 see
Misc. (Cath. Rcc. Soc), v, 250 (Cockerham), 254 (Ellel), 253 (Thurnham), 172
(Forton), 176 (Cleveley).
N. and Q. (Ser. 4), vi, 340.
||See the account of the church and
Cockerham Manor. 'Saltweller,' as a
trade designation, occurs several times in
the 17th-century registers.
Itin. v, 98. Camden gives a similar
account of the salt-making; Brit. (ed.
||a Statistics from Bd. of Agric. (1905).
||Gregson, Fragments (ed. Harland),
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc),
||John Taylor of Forton in 1410
desired his body to be buried in the
cemetery of St. Michael in Cockerham,
bequeathing 20s. for masses. He had a
wife Wimark and a daughter Margaret;
Piccope MSS. (Chet. Lib.), iii, 10.
||a The erection of a chancel of such
dimensions in 1814 is to be remarked.
The new chancel is 4 ft. greater in
||Whi taker (Richmondshire, ii, 320)
says 'the church has recently been rebuilt in brick,' but this is a mistake.
||It is proposed to rebuild the nave
walls on the same foundations, but to
introduce north and south aisles with
arcades of five bays, and to add a clearstory.
There will be a new north doorway, but
the south porch will be allowed to remain.
Ex inform. 1910 Messrs. Austin &
Paley, the architects of the rebuilding.
||The inscriptions are: Treble, 'Peace
and good neighbourhood.' 2, 'Prosperity
to the Parish.' 3, 'We were all cast at
Gloucester by Abel Rudhall.' 4, 'Robert
Gardner, Edward France, Robert Fell,
Stephen Bond, churchwardens.' 5, 'The
Rev. Mr. Thomas Winder, vicar.' Tenor,
'I to the church the living call, and to
the grave do summon all.' Each bell is
dated 1748. In 1742 it was intended to
have a 'new set,' the bells being out of
repair, and in 1746 it was agreed to have
them cast anew 'as soon as the times
settle,' the churchwardens 'not thinking
them safe at present to go by water';
Visit. Ret. at Chester.
Lanc. Parish Reg. Soc. Publ. xxi (1904).
Final Conc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and
Ches.), i, 26. The abbot and convent
were to appoint three canons at once
(1207) in the church and on the death of
Reginald, then chaplain there, were to
raise the number to four canons.
V.C.H. Lancs. ii, 10, n. 62. It
was in 1366 found on inquiry that the
abbots were not bound to maintain canons
or secular chaplains at Cockerham and
Ellel; afterwards formal releases from
the duty of providing the canons were
obtained from the heirs, Philippa de
Coucy and Henry IV; MS. Laud.
(Bodl.), H 72, fol. 47b. The inquisition
of 1366 is recited in Coram Rege R. 446,
m. 13; as the original charters of
William de Lancaster contained nothing
about finding canons or chaplain judgement was given in favour of the Abbot
||The ordination of the vicarage was
made by Henry de Newark, Archdeacon
of Richmond from 1281 to 1290. The
vicar was to have a messuage by the road
to Lancaster, all the land called Hygansowe, pasturage between Cocker and
Wrampool and turbary. He was responsible for the service of the chapel at
Ellel and for the payment of synodals;
MS. Laud. H 72, fol. 51. A moiety of
the mortuaries was excepted from the
altarage. The confirmation of the Archbishop of York was obtained.
Pope Nich. Tax. (Rec. Com.), 327.
Inq. Nonarum (Rec. Com.), 35.
Cockerham, with both the Crimbles,
Forton and the portion of Thurnham
within the parish, was liable for 60s. 4d.,
Ellel for 40s. The glebe was valued at
4 marks yearly; the destruction made by
the Scots accounted for the remainder of
the decrease of value, 14 marks.
||Duchy of Lanc. Rentals, bdle. 5,
no. 15. This probably included the value
of the manor. In 1477 the value of the
rectory was said to be only £22 or £23;
MS. Laud. H 72, fol. 52b.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), iv, 147.
||Ibid, v, 262. The manse and lands
were worth 6s. a year, certain tithes
(including Ellel 53s. 4d., salt 26s. 8d.),
£5 3s. 8d., and Easter roll £5 10s. 8d.
The vicar had to pay the synodals and
procurations, 3s. 9d.
||In 1834 an Act was passed for the
partition of the advowson and to confirm
a sale of the next presentation; 4 Will. IV,
cap. 5. At that time there were four
patrons—the representatives of Robert
Dent, Richard Atkinson, representatives
of Robert Addison and of Thomas
Commonw. Ch. Surv. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), 128–9. To the vicarage belonged house and 6½ acres of glebe,
tithes of salt and wool, lamb and pig,
goose, hay, hemp, flax and small tithes.
For Thurnham Hall a composition of
about 6s. was paid.
||Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.),
ii, 403. The glebe land produced £6,
small tithes £29, tithe fish 10s. and
surplice fees £4.
Manch. Dioc. Dir. In a prosecution
in 1904 it was stated that the vicar was
allowed to fish a 'baulk' behind the sea
bank of the Lune at Cockerham for two
tides in each month in lieu of tithe of
||Private Act, 6 Geo. IV, cap. 22.
||Named as 'chaplain of the church of
Cockerham' in the fine of 1207. He
was not technically 'vicar.' He had a
daughter Alice, who gave land in Ashton
to Cockersand Abbey; Chartul. (Chet.
Soc), iii, 789.
Lanc. Ch. (Chet. So .), ii, 380.
Hugh is named again in the ordination
of the vicarage. He is no doubt the
'Hugh dean of Cockerham ' of Cal. Close,
1272–9, p. 428. He was Dean of Lancaster; Lanc. Ch. (Chet. Soc), ii, 380.
In 1292 he claimed the moiety of the
third part of the mill of Ellel (for four
years) against John de Caton and £4
damages were awarded him; Assize R.
408, m. 101.
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 203.
||Adam the Archer was charged with
wounding John vicar of Cockerham with
an arrow on the Sunday after Pentecost,
1350; Assize R. 443, m. 3 d.
||He is also called Scrapcroft; De
Banco R. 419, m. 119; 459, m. 103 d.—
charges of debt and depasturing. The
abbey had land in Scraptoft in Leicestershire.
Final Conc. iii, 39.
||John Tunstall, vicar of Cockerham,
took part in the inquiry as to the revenues to be assigned to the vicar of
Lancaster in 1430; Rentals and Surv. R.
378. He was trustee of William Oxcliffe in 1433; Anct. D. (P.R.O.), C 74.
He was a defendant in 1445; Pal. of
Lanc. Plea R. 7, in. 1b. He occurs
again as trustee for William Ambrose in
1456; Add. MS. 32107, no. 189.
||Rental of 1527 above quoted. He is
perhaps the Peter Gerard, clerk, of
Aughton near Ormskirk, who died
12 Sept. 1528; Duchy of Lanc. Inq.
p.m. vi, no. 58.
Valor Eccl. (Rec. Com.), v, 262.
||Visit. List at Chester.
||Baines, Lancs, (ed. Croston), v, 493;
Gastrell, Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc.), ii,
404. He was 'no preacher' in 1610;
Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App. iv, 8.
||Church Papers at Chest. Dioc. Reg.
Humphreys presented by reason of a grant
from Richard Calvert. Thicknesse was
vicar of St. Oswald's, Chester, from 1599
to 1626; Ormerod, Ches. (ed. Helsby), i,
306. The right was contested, and on
27 Jan. 1626–7 Thomas Browne, B.A.,
was nominated by Alice Browne, widow.
Thicknesse, however, retained the vicarage till his death in 1633; Reg. He
compounded for his first-fruits 25 Apr.
1627; Lancs, and Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 412.
||Church Papers. Shaw compounded
for first-fruits 10 Apr. 1633. He was
perhaps of St. John's College and Edmund Hall, Oxf.; M.A. 1629; Foster,
Alumni. He was a Puritan, for in 1646
the Committee of Plundered Ministers
allowed him £50 a year out of the
sequestrations; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 35.
He signed the 'Harmonious Consent' in
1648. He wag buried at Cockerham
3 Aug. 1649; Reg.
||He was vicar, but sequestered for
delinquency, in 1650; Thomas Smith,
the officiating minister, died in August
the same year from a pestilence, and
during September and October there was
no minister; Commonw. Ch. Surv. 129;
Reg. Nothing else is known of William
||It appears from the registers that he
was vicar at the beginning of 1652. In
the same year the £50 a year was allowed
to him; Plund. Mins. Accts. i, 123. Previously he had been at Blackrod; ibid.
i, 62. Browne was still at Cockerham
at the beginning of 1656; Reg.
||Baines, Lancs. (ed. Croston), v, 493;
no reference given. See the account of
||He seems to have been presented
20 Mar. 1661–2; Dep. Keeper's Rep. xlvi,
App. 105 (Pat. 13 Chas. II), and
according to the visitation list of 1674
was instituted on 8 Apr. 1662, the king
presenting by lapse. Lawrence was son
of Robert Shaw, a former vicar; born
23 Feb. 1636–7; Reg. He was educated
at St. John's Coll., Camb.; Mayor, Admissions, i, 130. B.A. 1660. He was
'conformable' to the government in
1689; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv, App.
iv, 229. The church seems to have been
in decent repair in his time; Visit. Ret.
||Church Papers at Chester.
||Church Papers. He was one of the
four King's Preachers for Lancashire.
||Church Papers. He was educated at
Brasenose Coll. and Edmund Hall, Oxf.;
B.A. 1730. He was also incumbent
of Grimsargh from 1733. He was resident in 1741. Ultimately he became
deranged, and Cockerham was under
sequestration for many years before his
death; Visit. Papers and Church Papers
||Church Papers; he had had a chapel
at Kendal for ten years. He was educated
at Trinity Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1771.
||Church Papers; Widditt had been
curate of St. John's, Lancaster, and master
of the grammar school. The patrons were
Robert Dent of Temple Bar, Robert
Addison of Lancaster, Thomas Greene
of Slyne and Anne Atkinson of Kirkby
Lonsdale, owners of the manor of Cockerham.
||Church Papers; the patrons were
John Dent, Agnes Addison, widow,
Thomas Greene, James and Richard
Atkinson. Young was educated at Brasenose Coll., Oxf. (M.A. 1819), and died at
Derby in 1822; Foster, Alumni.
||Also vicar of Backford, Ches. 1803–
27, residing there, and of Weaverham 1806–23 5 Ormerod, op. cit. ii, 371,
117. He was of Trinity Coll. Camb.;
||Church Papers at Chester. John
Dodson the elder was patron for that turn
only. The younger John was educated at
Trinity Coll., Camb.; M.A. 1835. He was
incumbent of Overton near Lancaster.
He had a good reputation as a preacher,
but becoming a Nonconformist forfeited
the vicarage. He died in 1890. See
the account of Caton above (p. 84).
||Educated at Caius Coll., Camb.;
||Instituted as Atkinson; took the
additional name of Grimshaw in 1878.
He was educated at St. John's Coll.,
Oxf.; M.A. 1845.
||Educated at Trinity Coll., Oxf.;
M.A. 1874. Archdeacon of Lancaster
1895–1905. Appointed vicar of Rochdale
1905. The patron presented by purchase
of the next presentation from Mr. Clarke,
one of the lords of the manor, who on
account of his religion was disqualified.
||Educated at Trinity Hall, Camb.;
M.A. 1901. Mr. Prince has given the
editors information on several points.
||Chester Dioc. Reg. The destruction
of the rood under Edward VI and its
restoration in the following reign are
attested by a scurrilous story in Foxe,
Acts and Monts. (ed. Cattley), vi, 564.
The story, however, may be untrue;
N. and Q. (Ser. 8), xii, 261.
||The two chapels are named in the
list of 1610, but nothing is said of any
minister; Hist. MSS. Com. Rep. xiv,
App. iv, 8.
||No curate appears in the visitation
Notitia Cestr. ii, 406–7.
Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 69. Mr. Cooke was schoolmaster.
||Church Papers at Chester; End.