||The Census Rep. 1901 gives 1,530
acres, including 14 of inland water; also
10 acres of tidal water and 2,094 of
||Loc. Govt. Bd. Order 19997.
Richmondshire, ii, 282.
||For this family see Misc. (Cath. Rec.
Soc), v, 255.
||Roper, Churches, &c., of North Lancs.
V.C.H. Lancs. i, 288b.
||Farrer, Lancs. Pipe R. 290, 294.
||In right of the bishopric of Chester.
||It is possible this was the whole,
for Simon (? rector) was one of the
tenants; but according to Roger of
Poitou's charter the tenure of the church
land should have been free alms.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents (Rec. Soc.
Lancs, and Ches.), i, 95, reading deletis
for doletis. The tenants were Gamel
de Bolton, Dawe (then in the king's
custody), Agnes, Thomas, Gilbert, Godith
Some of these seem to be identical
with owners named in a confirmation by
King John to Adam son of Adam de
Kellet in 1204—viz. of their part of
Greveholme and Dritern (now Dertren)
by Adam son of Alan and Godith his
wife, Thomas le Rous (Rufus) and Siegrith
his wife, Gilbert de Bolton and Serot his
wife, Michael son of Alden de Bolton,
Adam son of William de Bolton and
Agnes daughter of Roger de Bolton,
Cal. Rot. Chart. (Rec. Com.), 141.
The Furness Chartulary contains the
grants thereby confirmed. Gamel de
Bolton gave the fourth part of Grevcholme
and Dritern, being of his demesne, to
Adam son of Adam son of Orm de Kellet,
at 18d. rent; and Adam son of William de
Bohon with the consent of Walter his
brother gave another fourth part, also at
18d. rent. The bounds went from
Meresbeck to Ramshead Ford and thence
to Dritern Pool; from this pool to the
sea-shore; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 35, 34.
Then Agnes daughter of Roger de Bolton
gave Adam de Kellet a fifth part of the
third of the same place at 2d. rent;
Thomas le Rous and Siegrith his wife,
Gilbert de Rolton and Serot his wife,
Adam son of Alan and Godith his wife,
Michael son of Alden de Bolton, made
like grants, so that the whole of this
third part was acquired by Adam; ibid.
Dritern Pool is stated to descend between
Dritern and Wedholme.
||Farrer, op. cit. 130; it is here that
the service from Bolton is called drengage.
The same increment appears in subsequent
years in the Pipe Roll.
Lanc. Ch. (Chet Soc.), ii, 259–62.
This is an account of a pleading of 1321,
by which the Prior of Lancaster sought
to recover tithe from the mill which had
been built in Bolton, in lieu of the sum
lost to him through withdrawal of suit
from the Lune mill. This tithe had
formerly been paid to him, but had been
withdrawn. It was now restored.
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 140. In
1246–8 Bolton mill paid 26s. 8d.; ibid.
169. This seems to have been the rate
in later years; ibid. 220.
||Ibid, ii, 39–42, from Registrum
Honoris de Richmond, App. 68.
||About 1216 the wife of Gamel de
Bolton was of the king's gift; her land was
worth 3s. yearly; Lancs. Inq. and Extents,
i, 118. A few years later (before 1226)
Sara (Serot) de Bolton was also of the
king's gift; her land was worth a mark;
Henry son and heir of Robert son of
Agnes had lands in Bolton in 1242–3;
Close, 56, m. 3. Henry son of Robert
de Bolton granted land to Thomas de
Coupmanwra or Capernwray for 45s. 9d.
given 'in my great need'; Lanc. Ch.
Ellis de Bolton died about April 1249
holding in chief of the king 2 oxgangs of
land in Bolton by a free rent of 5s. 10d.,
doing suit to county and wapentake.
There were in each oxgang 20 acres of
arable land and 4 acres of meadow. He
held the whole in demesne and ploughed
with his own plough. His heir was Simon,
his eldest son, of full age; ibid. 175.
The relief paid was equal to the annual
rent; ibid. 184. He may be the Ellis
de Thorbrandhead who had a son Simon;
Furness Chartul. Their estate was afterwards purchased by the Earl of Lancaster,
as shown later.
Thomas Roud, brother and heir of Ralph
son of Adam de Bolton, paid 20s. as relief
on succeeding in 1248; Excerpta e Rot.
Fin. (Rec. Com.), ii, 38; Close, 62, m. 9,
He died about 1261, but the record has
been lost; his nephew and heir William
paid 23s. 4d. as relief; ibid. 354; Lancs.
Inq. and Extents, i, 226. If 5s. 10d. was
the free rent for 2 oxgangs, 23s. 4d.
would show a tenement of one plough-land.
Henry son of Godith de Bolton died in
or before 1261 holding 2 oxgangs of land
and the eighth part of a corn mill of the
king by the yearly service of 9s. 2d.; John
his son and heir was of full age; ibid.
228. Henry son of Gilbert de Bolton
was one of the jurors.
The composition of the rent is explained
by that paid by Simon son of Michael
de Bolton, who died in 1264 or 1265
holding 2 oxgangs of land of the king by
a rent of 5s. 10d. and the eighth part of the
mill by 40d.—i.e. 9s. 2d. in all. His son
and heir William was aged thirty; ibid.
233; Excerpta e Rot. Fin. (Rec. Com.),
ii, 423. The 40d. shows that 26s. 8d.
was still the rent paid for the mill.
Ralph son of Adam son of William
de Bolton granted Walter de Bolton son
of William the Clerk all the land of
Calfholme and Southpool as far as the
bounds of Sereholme, together with an
oxgang of land in Bolton, at a rent of
two spears or 3d.; Add. MS. 33244,
fol. 40. Land in the same place was
given by William son of William son of
Walter the Mason to Gervase the Clerk
of Bolton at 10d. rent; ibid. This
Gervase, in another grant by Ralph son of
Adam son of William de Bolton, is called
son of Simon, a former rector; ibid. 41.
A number of grants by Adam son of
Gilbert de Bolton to Thomas de Coupmanwra are recorded in Lanc. Ch. i, 177–
203. Thomas Roud (or Thomas son of
Adam son of William de Bolton) also
gave land to the same Thomas; ibid.
204–21. A large number of field-names
may be collected from these grants: e.g.
Wiches or Withes, Thistlebreck, Ingmire,
Inglebreck, Graythwaite, Gunnulfrys,
Gunnulfkelders, Haltonsty, Flokeresty in
Wedholmmire, Braithmire, Natwraymire,
the Heaning next the Cringlebroghan,
Maldebroghanes, Hawkshow, Hawkswell,
Dimples, Monksflat and Rigsummerild.
||Three grants in Bolton to Earl
Edmund are recorded in the Great
Coucher of the duchy. (1) Dodi daughter
of Ellis de Thorbrandshead released to
him all her right in the tenement formerly belonging to her husband John son
of Adam; i, fol. 61, no. 8. (2) Geoffrey
son of Adam de Bolton released his share
of the water mill, with suit, &c.; ibid.
77, no. 69. (3) William son of
Thomas de Hest released his land on
Inglebreck, one head thereof abutting on
Kellet field; ibid. 78, no. 76.
||The heir was perhaps John son of
William Franceys, of whom it was found
that Adam son of Roger de Calfholme
had held an acre by 1d. rent. Adam,
who had been hanged for felony, held
another half acre of Thomas Travers;
Lancs. Inq. and Extents, i, 320.
||Ibid, i, 295–6. William, John (son
of Henry) and Adam have occurred in
the preceding note. Durbald seems to
have been the surname of William the
heir of Thomas Roud; William was the
son of Henry Durbald of Bolton; Lanc.
Ch. i, 246. From the next paragraph of
the text it would appear that he was
the William Franceys who gave land to
Thomas de Coupmanwra and to Lancaster
Church; ibid. 234–5.
||Yet it appears that the words
'Prior of Lancaster' have been cancelled
to make way for Dacre. The rents
given amount to 53s. 2d., to which must
be added 40s. for the mill, or 93s. 2d. in
all. Ranulf de Dacre and Joan his wife
confirmed a grant of land in Calfholme
made to Furness Abbey; Add. MS.
33244, fol. 43.
The pleadings give little information.
In 1277 Cecily widow of Ralph de Kellet
claimed dower in 40 acres in Bolton and
Slyne against Thomas Travers and Aline
his wife; De Banco R, 21, m. 95 d.
In 1292 Thomas Travers obtained a
recognition of his right from Geoffrey
son of Adam de Bolton; Assize R. 408,
m. 20 d. At the same time Adam son
of John de Ramshouth complained that
Robert son of Henry de Bolton and
Christiana widow of Jordan del Holmescales had disseised him of land, but the
verdict was against him; ibid. 6. The
Ramshouth family occur again in 1333;
De Banco R. 294, m. 11; 297, m. 170.
Also in 1357; Duchy of Lanc. Assize R.
6, m. 1 (John de Ramsouth and Amice
Agnes daughter of Thomas de Bolton
demanded a messuage and lands in 1304
against Thomas de Calfholme; De Banco
R. 151, m, 174. Thomas de Calfholme
in 1311 claimed an acre against Cecily
widow of Jordan de Calfholme; ibid.
187, m. 66. William son of John Othewell claimed against Thomas de Bolton,
William son of John de Cartmel and
Olive his wife in 1331; Assize R. 1404,
m. 26 d. William son of James de
Bolton did not prosecute his claim against
Simon de Bolton and others in 1337;
ibid. 1424, m. 11 d. At the same
time Thomas son of William Willeson
made a claim for land in Bolton against
William and John sons of William de
Bolton, who stated that plaintiff's father,
William son of William son of Robert de
Bolton, had granted the land to them;
||This is shown indirectly in pleadings.
In 1246 Simon son of Michael and
Ralph son of Adam claimed 60 acres
against William de Lancaster; Assize R.
404, m. 13. See also the account of the
||Except 9½ acres in the king's hands.
John Franceys acquired land, &c, in
Cockshoots, Strikesfold and Whitlands
before 1321 from William son of Jordan
de Bolton and Simon son of Gilbert son
of Walter de Bolton and Adam son of
Agnes de Hatlex; Duchy of Lanc. Anct.
D. (P.R.O.), L H26, 676, 683, 1067.
||Dods. MSS. cxxxi, fol. 42b. A
number of other tenants are recorded:
William son of James, 2d.; William son
of Cecily, 4d.; Thomas de Ramshaw,
10d.; Roger the Smith, 10d.; John son
of Jordan, 10s. (? 10d.); John de Woodholme (of John Travers), 3d.; Adam son
of Maud (of John Travers and John
Franceys), 6d.; William de Hatlex (of
the same), 6d.; William son of William
(of John Travers), 2d.; Adam son of
Eda (of the same), 7d.; Simon son of
Gilbert (of the same), 4d.; Roger de
Calfholme (of the same), 6d. The sum
of the rents is given as 52s. 5d.
In 1330 John son of Roger the Smith
gave William son of John Franceys (this
John being a witness) his messuage and
all his land, meadow and turbary in Bolton,
also land which belonged to him through
the death of Alice widow of James de
Bolton, and the reversion of the dower of
Helen widow of Roger his father; Duchy
of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), L 677.
William son of James de Bolton was
pardoned for his share in the death of
William de Kellet (1321) on account of
his having served in the wars in Scotland;
Coram Rege R. 298, Rex m. 10 d.
Surv. of 134.6 (Chet. Soc), 64, 74–
80. Many of the tenants are the same as
those of 1324 recorded above.
||Add. MS. 32103, fol. 151. The
other tenants here recorded seem to be
those of the earl's demesne land in Bolton.
They were William del Well, 16s. 8d.;
also for land formerly held by John le
Romeyn, Nicholas de Slene, 3s. 8d.;
Thomas Taylor, 6d.; Cecily Southworth,
5s.; John de Barton, 11s.; and for part
of the marsh Nicholas de Slene and others
||In 1350 Lambert son of Geoffrey de
Wyresdale was accused of the abduction
of Agnes daughter of John Franceys of
Bolton; Assize R. 443, m. 3 d. (From
the next note it appears that he married
her.) A little later a like complaint was
made against Robert and Thomas de
Washington; ibid. 434, m. 4. Then in
1353 Thomas son of Robert de Washington complained of disseisin by Agnes the
daughter of John Franceys; ibid. 435, m.
26. Robert Franceys in 1355 claimed a
debt from Agnes widow and executrix of
Robert de Washington; Duchy of Lanc.
Assize R. 4, m. 26 d.; 5, m. 8 d.
Another Robert de Washington made
several purchases in Bolton between 1375
and 1388, and Thomas de Calfholme
released his claim on a piece of meadow
in Wedholmemire abutting on the mill
dam; Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.),
L 669–73, 679. In 1401 an agreement
was made between Edmund son of Robert
de Washington on one side and John son
of Robert de Washington and Thomas de
Burgh on the other; ibid. 689. The
seal to this bears the Washington arms.
John son of Robert de Washington
obtained in 1405 a release of the lands of
James son of William son of Cecily de
Bolton; ibid. 1076.
||John Franceys in 1348 demised
certain of his lands, &c, to Edmund
Lawrence for life at the rent of a rose for
six years and then of 100s.; ibid. 685.
Agnes daughter of John Franceys married
Lambert de Wyresdale, and they quitclaimed to Edmund in 1366; ibid. 688.
The Lawrence family probably succeeded the Washingtons. In 1406 Simon
formerly servant of Robert de Washington
released all his claim to lands in Bolton
to Agnes widow of Edmund Lawrence;
ibid. 1077. In 1426 Sir Robert Lawrence
agreed to pay Maud Wyresdale of Bolton
10s. a year for her life for the fourth part
of the lordship of Bolton, with lands, &c.;
Robert Lawrence, who died in 1450,
had lands in Bolton held by a rent of 2d.;
Lancs. Ing. p.m. (Chet. Soc), ii, 56. His
son Sir James was in 1490 said to hold
the 'manor' by the same rent; ibid. 122,
132. The tenure is not the same as that
of Franceys; there were several rents of
2d. payable in 1346.
Lancelot Lawrence of Yealand Redmayne died in 1534 holding six messuages,
&c, of the king by knight's service;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. vi, no. 41.
This statement is repeated in later inquisitions.
||See the account of Scale in Skert n.
There is a reference to the Travers' holding in Cal. Pat. 1321–4, p. 367. See
also Final Conc. ii, 3.
||Nicholas Singleton had given his
lands in Slyne, Bolton, Hatlex and Threlfall to a certain Elizabeth Singleton for
her life; they descended to his grandson
Richard, who died in 1499, but the
tenure was not known; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. iii, no. 52. Richard's grandson
Robert in 1525 held the same of the king
as of his duchy by a rent of 12d.; ibid,
vi, no. 64; x, no. 1.
Thomas Braithwaite in 1615 purchased
the manor of Bolton and Hatlex from
Thomas Singleton and Mary his wife;
Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 84, m. 19.
||Lawrence Starkie died in 1532
holding lands in Bolton, Slyne and
Hatlex, as also in many other places, but
the tenure is not recorded beyond being
of the king as duke by knight's service;
Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. ix, no. 21.
||One of Lawrence Starkie's daughters
married Humphrey Newton. Brian
Newton, possibly a relative, in 1592 sold
lands in Bolton Holmes, Hatlex and
Slyne to Robert Jervis.
Robert Jervis of Garstang died in 1617
holding a messuage, &c., in Slyne and free
rents of 14½. in Bolton of the king in
socage. His son James, twenty-six years
of age, succeeded; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc. Lancs, and Ches.), ii, 270. James
died in 1628, leaving a son Richard, only
eleven years old, who died in 1634.
The heir was Roger Rathmell, aged thirty,
son of Richard, son of Elizabeth, sister of
the above-named Robert Jervis; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxv, no. 21; xxviii,
James Jervis sold a messuage, &c., to
George Winder, who died in 1619
holding this and other purchases of the
king as duke by knight's service. His
heir was his sister Grace, wife of Richard
Jackson, of full age; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Rec. Soc.), ii, 191.
||In 1381 William de Bolton clerk
acquired a messuage from Thomas de
Birkhead and Aline his wife; Final Conc.
iii, n. Thomas Nelson and Agnes his
wife in 1462 purchased from Matthew
Bolton and Margaret his wife; ibid. 131.
It appears that Matthew Bolton had
settled at West Derby, and in 1465
Reginald son and heir of John Conder
released to Thomas Nelson of Caton all
his right in the said purchase at Woodholme; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 27, m. 11.
There are other traces of the family or
families of this name. Christopher
Bolton and Margaret his wife had lands
in Bolton and Bare about 1463; Final
Conc. iii, 133. Anne Hunt, kinswoman
and heir of William Bolton, appears to
have had this estate in 1506; ibid. 161.
||Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v, no. 64;
xi, no. 1. The tenure was by knight's
service. Lord Mounteagle still held an
estate in Bolton in 1597; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 58, m. 200.
||One John Croft held messuages in
Bolton of the king as duke by a rent of
16d.; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. viii,
no. 38. This was the rent paid by John
de Harrington in 1346. Again in 1554
Thomas Croft of Claughton purchased
the fourth part of three messuages, &c,
from John Harrington and Anne his
wife; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 1 5,
m. 62. They were ' held of the chief
lords there in socage,' according to the
inquisitions 5 Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
x, no. 28; xiii, no. 23. William Croft
in 1606 held of the king as duke by a
rent of 14d.; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Rec.
Soc), i, 50–56.
William Thompson of Claughton died
in 1566 holding messuages, &c., in Bolton
of the queen as of her duchy by the
fourth part of a knight's fee; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xi, no. 32. His son
Oliver sold a messuage to James
Thompson in 1570; Pal. of Lanc. Feet
of F. bdle. 32, m. 118. This may have
been the messuage held by William
Thompson in 1591, when he was
succeeded by a daughter Margaret, aged
twelve; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xviii, no. 5.
||Orm son of William son of Simon
de Bolton granted an acre in the hamlet
of Serholme to William de Slene;
Towneley MS. HH, no. 366, 394. A
later William held 6 acres in 1346,
paying 6d. rent; Survey of 1346, p. 80.
William de Slene, who died in 1401, held
his land in Bolton of the Abbot of
Furness; Towneley MS. DD, no. 1507.
||Robert Brockholes in 1427 and
John Gardiner in 1440 had land in
Bolton; Final Conc, lii, 94, 105. In
1480 John Southworth held his land in
Bolton by 12d. rent; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), ii, 113. Later the Southworths were stated to hold in socage.
||The manors of Bolton- le-Moors
and Bolton-in-Furness were possessions
of the family, but Bolton-le-Sands does
not occur in the inquisitions and the
origin and tenure of the Derby manor
here are unknown. It may have been
merely an outlying part of the Nether
Kellet estate, or the Lawrence manor
||Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 65,
no. 43. See the account of Nether
Kellet. Among the purchasers' names
are William and Edmund Lodge and
Henry Chapman. One Mark Lodge
died in 1624 holding land of the king,
and leaving a son and heir Edward, aged
twenty-three; Towneley MS. C 8, 13
(Chet. Lib.), 746. Henry Chapman died
at Hatlex in 1637 holding a messuage of
the king; his son and heir Thomas was
over fifty; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m.
xxx, no. 3.
||Charters relating to Greveholme and
other Furness lands in the north-west of
the township have been cited above.
Adam de Greveholme gave the abbey his
lands there in 1242; Add. MS. 33244,
fol. 32. The same Adam gave land on
Ramshead in Bolton fields to Christiana
daughter of Henry the Dyer of Kirkby
in Kendal on her marriage; ibid. 35b.
His nephew Adam de Kellet confirmed
his gifts to Furness Abbey; ibid. Robert
de Boulton also gave a quitclaim; ibid. 36.
In Wedholme or Woodholme Adam
son of Gilbert de Bolton gave to Gervase
son of Simon land which extended to the
mill and mill stream of Bolton; ibid.
37. Gervase was afterwards a benefactor (ibid, 50b), and Ralph son of
Adam and Lawrence son of Walter also
gave the monks land in Wedholme;
ibid. 38. Land in Calfholme and Santhpool as far as the boundary of Serholme
was also given; ibid. 39b–43.
Gamel de Bolton gave land on Inglefa reck; Duchy of Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.),
L410. Gilbert son of Gamel confirmed
this; Add. MS. 33244, fol. 54. Henry
son of Robert de Bolton and nephew of
Simon gave land under Hawkshead;
ibid. 54b. Other land under Hawkshead was given by Adam son of Gilbert
de Bolton to John son of Robert de
Scotforth; Towneley MS. HH, no. 301.
Orm son of Thore, with the consent of
Ralph his heir, gave the monks Rigrinmelsuthen, viz. that land lying between
these bounds: From Holme to Ullrefurthebeck, from the junction of this
beck and Betha to Fullsyke; Add. MS.
33244, fol. 56. The abbey had also lands
in Great and Little Hatlex (Hakelakes);
ibid. 58. Andrew de Hatlex and Hugh
his son had made a gift to the monks of
land in Ramshead field; ibid. 58b. There
are many other grants, and in some cases
the original charters have been preserved;
Dep. Keeper's Rep. xxxvi, App. 172–3.
||The heading ' Here begin the charters
of Bolton by Beaumont' in Add. MS.
33244, fol. 50, covers miscellaneous
grants in various parts of the township,
but the first may refer to Cote; by it
Ralph son of Adam de Bolton gave to
Gervase the Clerk land on Keldbreck.
Adam son of Gilbert de Bolton also gave
land on Keldbreck lying near the bounds
between Slyne and Bolton; Duchy of
Lanc. Anct. D. (P.R.O.), L 406. The
position of Cote and the occurrence of
Strellas within it suggest that it had
been part of Halton (q.v.), but in that
case it should not have been within Bolton
In 1628 the manors of Beaumont and
Bolton, with the site of the grange and
messuages, lands, &c., in Beaumont,
Beaumont Cote, Bolton-le-Sands, Over
Kellet, Skerton, &c, lately belonging to
Furness Abbey were sold by the Crown
to Edward Ditchfield and others; Pat.
4 Chas. I, pt. xxxiv. This seems to be
the estate purchased by William Harrison
in 1643 from John (Bridgeman) Bishop
of Chester and others; Pal. of Lanc.
Feet of F. bdle. 140, no. 28. See the
account of Beaumont.
Some part of the Furness estate in
Bolton seems to have been granted to
Edward Gage and others in 1604; Pat.
2 Jas. I, pt. xix. It may have been this
which was purchased by Robert Cole, for
he was 'of Cote' in 1625, paying £10
in 1631 as a composition for refusing
knighthood; Misc. (Rec. Soc. Lancs, and
Ches.), i, 221. Bishop Gastrell about
1717 found Beaumont Cote the only
ancient seat in the parish, it having
belonged to the Coles 'time out of
mind '; Notitia Cestr. (Chet. Soc), ii,
||Dugdale, Visit. (Chet. Soc), 88;
' Robert Cole, born in Somersetshire, a
clerk in the Duchy office in London,
seated himself at Cote,' and died in 1642.
His son Thomas was thirty-eight years
old in 1665, and had a son of the same
name aged fourteen.
||Thomas Cole of Cote died 12 Jan.
1691–2, aged sixty-five; his widow
Jane and son Edmund placed a monument in Bolton Church, recording his
praise as ' a good magistrate, a good
Christian and a good man.' Edmund the
son was high sheriff in 1707; P.R.O.
List, 74. Dorothy his daughter and heir
carried the Cote estate to her husband
Thomas Butler of Kirkland; Baines,
Lancs, (ed. 1836), iv, 471. The Cole
family had a large house in Lancaster,
now the Judges' Lodgings.
||See the accounts of those townships.
||The king granted to William Bolton
(for life) half a mill, 17 acres of land,
&c, in Bolton in Lonsdale in 1399;
Duchy of Lanc. Misc. Bks. xvi, 40.
There was a further grant to him in
1401; ibid, xv, 85. In 1553 William
Richardson and Agnes his wife had the
fourth part of a water mill there; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 14, m. 25.
||The charters relating to Bolton are
numerous; see Lanc. Ch. i, 173–257.
Some of them have been cited already.
Helewise daughter of Adam son of Gilbert de Bolton gave land by the Overgate,
the road leading to Kellet. Thomas de
Coupmanwra acquired a considerable
estate in various parts of the township,
and this he granted to the Benedictines
of Lancaster, and in 1273 the alienation
was ratified by Edmund son of Henry III.
Joan daughter of Anabil daughter of
Christiana de Bolton claimed two messuages, &c, in Bolton against the Prior
of Lancaster; De Banco R. 141, m.
The priory estate passed to Syon Abbey
and then to Dalton of Thurnham; Duchy
of Lanc. Inq. p.m. xiv, no. 1.
||A toft was given by Adam son of
Gilbert de Bolton; Dep. Keeper's Rep.
xxxvi, App. 192. See also Lancs, and
Ches. Rec. (Rec. Soc. Lancs. and Ches.),
i, 90. The tenement in Bolton, Silverdale and Hest, formerly of Cartmel Priory,
was granted to Edward Lord Zouche and
others in 1605; Pat. 3 Jas. I, pt. xxii.
Cockersand Chartul. (Chet. Soc.), iii,
916–20. The benefactors were Agnes
wife of Robert de Bolton, Serota daughter
of Roger de Bolton, Simon son of Siegrith
de Bolton, Robert son of Agnes de
Bolton, Thomas son of Adam de Bolton,
Thomas de Bolton and Siegrith his wife.
Inglebreck, Whitbreck, Keldbreck, under
Laurum by the church, Greythwaite and
Smithwithlands occur in the descriptions.
||James Marshall of Wiswell and
Preston died in 1483 holding lands in
Bolton, Slyne, Skerton, Torrisholme and
' Daccre ' of the king as duke by a service
of 8d. for castle ward; Lancs. Inq. p.m.
(Chet. Soc), ii, 119.
||In 1445 the three daughters of
Thomas Burgh had a dispute concerning
shares of land in Bolton, Scotforth and
Gressingham. They were (on one side)
Margaret wife of William Peirson, Juliana
wife of Thomas Hyne and (on the
other) Joan wife of Hugh Chaffer,
Thomas Chaffer being joined with the
last-named; Pal. of Lanc. Plea R. 8, m.
32 b. Judgement wag given for the
Chaffers. In 1484 Richard Gardiner
gave a messuage in Bolton to Thomas
Chaffer, chaplain, with remainder to John
Chaffer and Margaret his wife; Towneley
MS. HH, no. 351. Somewhat later
(temp. Hen. VII) John Chaffer (son of
Hugh son of Thomas son of Alice
daughter of Thomas Burgh) complained
that John Dockwray of Kendal was withholding deeds; Early Chan. Proc. bdle.
194, no. 32; see also bdle. 216, no. 69.
John Chaffer died in 1505 holding three
messuages, land, &c, in Bolton, partly of
the king as duke by 15d. rent and partly
of the Abbot of Furness by 3s. rent. The
heir was his son Thomas, under two
years old; Duchy of Lanc. Inq. p.m. v,
||Thomas Bradley of Silverdale held
land in Bolton of the queen as of her
duchy by knight's service in 1586; ibid.
xiv, no. 51.
Thomas Jenkinson in 1624 held a
messuage, &c, by a similar tenure.
Richard his son and heir was forty years
of age; Towneley MS. C 8,13 (Chet. Lib.),
George Yates died in 1631 holding his
messuage in socage; his son George, aged
twenty-two in 1641, was heir; Duchy of
Lanc. Inq. p.m. xxix, no. 79.
Randle Hawes died in 1634, and was
succeeded by his son Thomas, aged thirtyeight; and Thomas Toulmin died in
1638, leaving a son John, aged eighteen.
Their tenements were held of the king as
duke; Towneley MS. C 8, 13, p. 518,
||William Stout in 1590 purchased
land in Holmes by the Sands from Thomas
Southworth and Anne his wife; Pal. of
Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 52, m. 142.
Leonard Stout died in August 1638
holding a messuage in Bolton Holmes of
the king, and leaving a son and heir
William, aged ten years; Duchy of Lanc.
Inq. p.m. xxx, no. 84. His will was
proved at Richmond.
||Printed by John Harland in 1851,
with portrait. The father's name is not
given, but he appears to have been the
above-named William Stout, whose will
was proved at Richmond; if so, the dates
on page 1 of the Autobiog. must be
||At the same time a corresponding
marsh was formed south and west of
Cartmel; ibid. 6.
||Ibid. 5; it was bought from Francis
Ashton of Hest. In 1850 Hatlex House
was owned by Mrs. Alice Hall, and had
in it a piece of carved oak furniture with
l. s. 1693 upon it, probably the initials of
Leonard Stout, brother of William.
||John Stout, owner of Bolton Holmes,
died at Lancaster in 1846; the estate was
sold soon afterwards. In 1868 it was
purchased by Heysham's charity trustees,
||Estcourt and Payne, Engl. Cath.
End. Char. Rep. 1899. The molecatcher's wages were at one time paid
from the rent. It appears that no lordship of the manor was known in 1829.
Liverpool Cath. Annual, 1889, p. 83.
Cal. S. P. Dom. 1672, pp. 10,42, 43.