General history
Baronets

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Institute of Historical Research

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Author

Edward Hasted

Year published

1797

Pages

221-229

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'General history: Baronets', The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1 (1797), pp. 221-229. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=53765 Date accessed: 28 August 2014.


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Baronets

THE degree of baronet was instituted in 1611, in the 9th year of king James I. as a means of raising money for the security of a plantation in the province of Ulster, in the kingdom of Ireland. For which end, the person raised to this dignity gave a supply to the king, sufficient to maintain and support thirty men in the foot forces in Ireland, for three entire years, for the defence of that kingdom, and especially of the said province, which was paid in a sum into the exchequer, upon sealing of their patent, but which has been in general long since discontinued. For this reason each baronet bears, over his usual coat of arms, those of Ulster, either in a canton or in an escutcheon, viz. In a field argent, a sinister hand, couped at the wrist, extended in pale, gules. They are created by patent, under the broad seal, to them and the heirs of their body, lawfully begotten, and sometimes with remainder to another in like manner. By their patent they have the addition of sir to themselves, and the title of madam, and lady, to their wives, with precedency before all persons whatever, under the degree of barons of parliament, excepting knights of the garter, privy counsellors, chancellor and undertreasurer of the exchequer, chancellor of the duchy, the chief justices, the master of the rolls, the chief baron, and all other the judges and barons of the degree of the coif, the younger sons of viscounts and barons, and bannerets made by the king, under his standard displayed in an army-royal in open war, in the presence of the king; they have also place in gross near the king's standard. Their eldest sons, attaining the age of twenty-one, may receive knighthood, and they and all their other sons and daughters, and their wives, have place respectively before the eldest sons, and other sons, daughters, and wives of all others whomsoever, whom their fathers precede. In the universities, by the statutes, baronets enjoy much the same privileges as the higher nobility, and are there stiled noblemen.

At the first institution it was designed, that they should not exceed two hundred, and that after this number should be completed, if any of them became extinct, for want of heirs male, there should never be any more created in their room, but that the number aforesaid should diminish, and on that account be reduced to a lesser number; king James exceeded this by four only, and those were to fill vacancies that happened not by death or attainder, but by promotion to a higher dignity, so that he did not go beyond the bounds of his first engagement. But the succeeding kings have been pleased to increase the number greatly, and this degree is now, like the higher hereditary titles, without limitation, at the pleasure of the prince.

At first it was ordered, that none were to be admitted to this degree of honor, unless, upon good proof, they were men for quality, state of living, and good reputation, worthy of it; and, at the least, descended from a grandfather, by the father's side, that bore arms, and had also a clear revenue in lands of at least one thousand pounds per annum. Thus it is very plain, they were designed at first to be men of family, figure, and fortune; but how far this has of late years been deviated from is so visible to every one that it needs no farther comment in this place. (fn. 1)

LIST OF THE BARONETS OF THIS COUNTY,

FROM THE FIRST INSTITUTION OF THE ORDER TO THE PRESENT TIME.

CREATED BY KING JAMES I.

No. in the gen. order of creation.NAME.RESIDENCE.DATE.
25SIR Moyle Finch, knt.of Eastwell1611
Now earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham. Two patents; June 29, 1611, and June 7, 1660.
60Sir John Tuston, knt. of Hothfield
Now earl of Thanet.June 29.
61Sir Sam. Peyton, knt.of Knowlton
Extinct.
63Sir Henry Baker, knt.of Sisinghurst
Extinct.
65Sir Wm. Sidley, knt.of Aylesford
Extinct.
66Sir Wm. Twysden, knt.of East-Peckham
Now Sir William.
67Sir Edward Hales, knt.of Woodchurch1611
New Sir Edward, of St. Stephen's.
68William Monyns, esq.of Waldershare
Extinct.
105Sir Wm. Hervey, knt.of Kidbrook1618
Extinct.March 1.
124Adam Newton, esq.of Charlton1620
Extinct.April 2.
138Sir Tho. Roberts, knt.of Glassenbury
Extinct.July 3.
151Sir Tho. Palmer, knt.of Wingham1621
Now of Buckinghamshire.June 29.
153Sir John Rivers, knt.of Chafford
Extinct.July 19.
155Sir Isaac Sidley, knt.of Great Chart
Extinct.September 14.
191Wm. Meredith, esq.of Stansty, Dorset.1622
Afterwards of Leed's-abbey in this county.Extinct.
193Giff. Thornhurst, esq. of Agnes-court
Extinct.November 12.

CREATED BY KING CHARLES I.

209Sir Edw. Dering, knt.of Surrenden1627
Now Sir Edward.February 1.
217Thomas Style, esq.of Watringbury
Now Sir Charles.April 21.
223Wm. Colepepyr, esq.of Aylesford
Extinct.May 17.
226Sir Humph. Style, knt.of Beckingham
May 20.
242Michael Livesey, esq.of Eastchurch
Extinct.July 11.
249Basil Dixwell, esq.of Terlingham
Extinct.February 18.
307John Maney, esq.of Linton1641
Extinct.June 29.
310William Boteler, esq.of Teston
Extinct.July 3.
333Norton Knatchbullof Mersham-hatch
Now Sir Edward.August 4.
344Henry Heyman, esq.of Somerfield1641
Now Sir Henry.August 12.
362Sir Hum. Tuston, knt.Mote, Maidstone.
Extinct.December 24.
366Sir John Rayney, bart.of Wrotham1642
Extinct.January 22.
373Sir Wm. Cowper, knt.of Ratling-court
Now Earl Cowper.March 4.
380John Williams, esq.of Minster, Thanet
Extinct.April 22.
395Sir Rich, Hadres, knt.of Hardres
Extinct.June 3.
408Stephen Lennard, esq.of West Wickham
Extinct.August 15.
432Sir E. Waldegrave, knt.of Hever-castle
Now Earl Waldegrave.August 1.

CREATED BY KING CHARLES II.

460Richard Browne, esq.of Deptford1649
Extinct.September 1.
466Sir Arth. Slingsby, knt.of Bifrons1657
Extinct.October 19.
492Basil Dixwell, esq.of Brome1660
Extinct.June 19.
Charles Hudson, esq.of Eltham
Now Sir Charles.July 3.
524Robert Austen, esq.of Bexley
Extinct.July 10.
526Robert Hales, esqof Bekesbourn
Now Sir Philip.July 12.
534Edw. Honywood, esq.of Evington
Now Sir John.July 19.
569Humphry Miller, esq.of Oxenhoath
Extinct.October 13.
571John Beale, esq.of Maidstone
Extinct.October 19.
582John Wroth, esq.of Blenden-hall
Extinct.November 29.
NUMB.NAME.RESIDENCE.DATE.
588John Fagg, esq.of Whiston, Suffex1660
Now Sir John of Mystole Chartham.December 15.
William Wilson, esq.of Eastbourne, Suf.
Now Sir Tho. Spencer Wilson, bt. of Charlton.Mar. 4.
647Nathaniel Powell, esq.of Ewherst, Suffex
And of Wiarton in Kent. Extinct.May 10.
667John Selyard, esq.of Delaware1661
Extinct.June 18.
669Reginald Forster, esq.of EastGreenwich
Extinct.July 11.
679John Banks, esq.of London
And of Maidstone. Extinct.August 22.
730Sir Richard Betenson,Wimbledon, Surry1663
Afterwards of Bradbourn in Sevenoke. Extinct.June 7.
737Sir John Marsham, knt.of Cuckstone
Now Lord Romney.August 12.
738Robert Barnham, esq.Bougn Monchelsea
Extinct.August 15.
754Sir Theoph. Biddulph, knt.Westcombe1664
Now of Warwickshire.November 2.
761Thomas Taylor, esq.Park house, Maid.1665
Extinct.January 18.
765Sir John Shaw, knt.of London
Now Sir John of Eltham.April 15.
777Sir William Swan, knt.of Southfleet1666
Extinct.March 1.
779Maurice Diggs, esq.of Chilham castle
Extinct.March. 6
783Sir Tho. Twisden, knt.of Bradbourn
Now Sir John.June 13.
784Sir Anthony Aucherof Bishopsbourn
Extinct.July 4.
821Thomas Williams, esq.of Eleham1674
Now of Brecknockshire.November 2.
822Robert Filmer, esq.of East Sutton
Now Sir John.December 24.
831Richard Head, esq.of Rochester1676
June 19.
836Thomas Dyke, esq.of Horeham, Suf.1677
Now Sir John of Lullingstone.March 3.
847Sir Hen. Oxenden, knt.of Dean1678
Now Sir Harry of Brome, near Barham.May 8.
878Timothy Thornhill, esq.Ollantigh1682
Extinct.December 24.
883George Chout, esq.of Hinxhill1684
Extinct.September 16.
886Richard Sandys, esq.of Norbourn.
Extinct.December 15.

CREATED BY KING JAMES II.

894Robert Guldeford, esq.of Hemsted1686
Extinct.February 4.
907Sir Tho. Fytche, esq.of Eltham.1688
Extinct.September 7.
908John Morden, esq.of Blackheath
Extinct.September 20.
909Jn. Narborough, esq.of Knowlton.
Extinct.November 5.

CREATED BY QUEEN ANNE.

948Charles Sedley, esq.of Southfleet1702
Extinct.July 10.
956Sir Henry Furnese, esq.of Waldershare.1706
Extinct.June 29.
973Wm. des Bouverie, esq.of London1714
Now Earl of Radnor.February 19.

CREATED BY KING GEORGE I.

978Sir W. Humphreys, kntof London.
And of Hever-castle. Extinct.November 30.
981Gregory Page, esq.of Greenwich
Extinct.December 3.
995Thomas D'Aeth, esq.of Knowlton1716
Now Sir Narborough.July 16.
1000Brook Bridges, esq.of Goodnestone,1718
Now Sir Brook.April 19.
1009Sir W. Sanderson, knt.of Combe1720
In Greenwich. Extinct.July 19.
NUMB.NAME.RESIDENCE.DATE.
1014Henry Fermor, esq.of Sevenoke1725
With remainder to Charles Eversfield of Dean, in Sussex, who now enjoys it.May 4.
1015Sir Cha. Farnaby, knt.of Kippington.1726
Now Sir Charles Ratcliffe.July 21.

CREATED BY KING GEORGE II.

1052Horatio Mann, esq.of Linton1755
Refident at Florence; with limitation, in failure of issue male, to his brother Galfridus, and his heirs male. Now Sir Horace of Linton and Egerton.March 3.
1064Sir Sam. Fluyder, knt.of London1759
And of Lee in this county. Now Sir Samuel.Nov 14.
Sampson Gideon, esq.of Belvidere
Now Lord Eardley.May 19.

CREATED BY KING GEORGE III.

1093Merrick Burrell, esq.of Sussex1766
With remainder in default of male issue to Peter Burrell, esq. of Beckenham, and his heirs male. Now Lord Gwydir.July 12.
1099Rob. Ralph Foley, esq.of Halsted-place1767
Now removed into Surry.June 27.
1101Peter Dennis, esq.of St. Mary's.
And of Blackmanstone, Romney-marsh. Extinct.Oct. 28.
John Boyd, esq.of Danson-hill1775
The present baronet.May, 1775.
William James, esq.of Eltham1778
Now Sir Edward William.July 2.
Richard Heron, esq.of Newark
Now of Speldhurst. The present baronet. And to his heirs male; remainder to his eldest brother, Thomas. Hern, esq. late of Chilham-castle, deceased, and his heirs male.July 25.
Sir Rt. Gunning, K. B.of Horton
Northamptonshire. Now of Eltham.October 27.
Charles Middleton, esq.of Teston1781
The prefent baronet. And to his heirs male; remainder to Gerard Noel Edwards, esq. of Dartford, and his heirs male.September 4.
NUMB.NAME.RESIDENCE.DATE.
Richard Rycroftof Penshurst1783
Now Sir Nelson.December 10.
William Green, esq.of Woolwich1786
The present baronet.June. 10.
Henry Hawley, esq.of Leyborne1795
The prefent baronet.April 11.

Footnotes

1 Chauncy's Herts. p. 503. Baronetage, vol. iii. p. 252 et seq.