July (6 of 7)
A letter to Bordeaux, the father of the French embassador in England.
Sedan, 30. July, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 311.
I Know not why you should be so strangely alarmed: all things go well here for
you and your son; and the person, whom you presumed to have spoken against my
lord your son's proceedings, spoke very modestly of him. Excuse my haste; for his eminency calleth for me. I am, My Lord,
Your most humble servant,
[This letter Mons. de Bordeaux sent inclosed in his to his son.]
Vienna, 20. July, 1654. O. S.
Vol. xvii. p. 5.
From hence little of news; only that it hath pleased God to visit our present eldest
prince with a malady, which as yet, God be praised, is not very dangerous; and we
hope in the grace of God, his highness will shortly recover.
An estimate of the monthly charge in Scotland.
20. July, 1654.
In the possession of G. Duckett esq.
|General officers, the regiment of foot and horse, fix troopes of
dragoons, traine of artillery, life-guards and garrisons, according to
the establishment for Scotland, came to, by the month||29551||2||5|
|The pay of two regiments of horse, and two regiments (wanting three
single companies) of foot, being additional forces sent out of England, and not comprised within the establishment for Scotland, by
|Two troops of dragoons lately raised, and not in any establishment||476||0||0|
|Charge of fortifications, garrisons not established, incidents of the traine,
and other contingent charges||5000||0||0|
|Totall of the charge monthly £||41235||17||9|
|There is assessed upon Scotland 10,000 1. a month, from the twentyfourth of June, 1654. But the treasurer Mr. Bilton, by his letter
of the 13th July, writes, that by reason of the broken condition of
the country, there will not be thereof received above 4000 pounds a
|So that there will want to be furnished out of England by the month||37000||0||0|
|The charge of the forces sent into Scotland out of Ireland, if not supplyed out of the money set apart for Ireland, will be more by the
|Also, that there want 23,000 l. to compleat the pay of the forces and incident charges in
Scotland, to the twenty-fourth of June last, over and above all that hath been assigned
for them to the said twenty-fourth June.|
|That the fequestrations, crown-rents, customes, and casuall revenue, will but defray the
charges of the civill list, and hardly that.|
Mr. Charles Longland to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xvi. p. 330.
The galley lately dispatcht with an ambassador by the Genowes for Spayn has bin at
Alicant, landed the ambassador, who is gone up to the court, and is retorned back
to Genoa, from whence the general advys sez, that theyr differences with Spayn are in a
hopeful way of ajustment; but here is a pryvat advys, that comes by the said gally, that
sez, by letters of the fourth of July from Madrid, pryvat search was made, wher any estat
was belonging to Genowes, in order to mak sequestration. This newes came this morning from Genoa, wher they mak greate preparations of arms. It's advised, they are dispatching an honourable ambassador for Ingland to the protector.
The last advys from Provence, of about eighteen dayes, speaks of twelve ships and six
gallys redy fitted for the sea, gon out into Toullon roade; but another letter from thence
by the sam conveyance maks a dout, whether the fleet would put out to sea or no; the
reason he gives is the difference lyk to be with Ingland, and the protector sending a fleet
into the seas. The lyk reason you wil see given in the Roman intelligence, and some
others, for a breach with France. I saw a letter from Paris does as good as publickly
declare a warr with Ingland, by that court.
About ten dayes since cam into port Longone seven Spanish ships laden with soldiers at
Naples for Barsalona, where they lye, not daring to go to sea, for fear of the French.
Indeed the Spaniard is so low in these parts, that without some succour from Ingland he
can hardly subsist. God send al may be for his glory, and the good of Ingland ! I am,
Your most humble servant,
Ley, 31. July, 1654. [N. S.]
Sir John Hendersone to Mr. Bradshaw resident at Hamburg.
Vol. xvi.p. 337.
The ansueir of your letter wes zesternicht readie to be delivered at two of the clock
afternoone; bot there cam one to me from collonell Ogilbie, a gentleman, quho hes
my wyfe's father's sister to wyse, and told, he cam from Holland, to quhom I presentlie
made a visite, found him verie intellygible of all affairs, having cum for three monts agoe
from Scotland. He told me, that Midltone his express wess three nichts by him, and
that he wess cum expreslie from the nobilitie and the armie now on foot to the kyng, humbilie to desire in all haist to cum to them, or if I would not verie suddenly cum at them,
they wold be forced to make the best peace they cold for ther own subsistance. He tells
only of two ports, that is concluded to be saife for landing the kyng's person, and armes,
and ammunition. This day at seven of the morning, I am to have a discourse amplie with
him. He has promised to divulge his mynd quhollie to me. He affirmes he will be gone
alreadie from the Spa towards the elector of Brundenberg: for all ammunitions, armes,
and victuals, is to be sent from him from Pomer. He affirmes also, that he did see a
privie seale of the kyng's for his faise imbarking, both for his owin person, and for all
armes and ammunitions from Holland; and assures me, that at his departure from thence,
the Hollanders and other stats of provinces weir att strong consultations, by no meanes to
sufferr the kyng and his partie in Scotland to be ruined. Ther pryme reasonne wes, if
monarchic continued, thenn the general ingrossing of trade by the Hollanders sould also
continue; and they be kneu hou commodiouslie to goe about vith a kyng for ther owin
advantage; bot if the republick did continue, quhich wold look narroulie to the good of
the nationns, and the tradeing, as thenn, they saw nothing bot ruine before ther eys, in
respect of the act of transporting and importing of such and such commodities, zitt stands
in vigour to the great prejudice of Hollanders. He has promised to tell me the names of
theese two ports determinat for landing. He has also promised to expectorat himself to
me about the Hollandish privities vith the kyng. He thinks the kyng most make all
haist to be att them, as having his last pull before him; if not in all haist, they will do
for themselves. Ther greatest arguments for his haistning are, they say, they are betrayed
by his council, in not suffring no Scots to be in his councell, nor no Scots at all in the
manadging his affairs in Germanie, thocht all pretended to be done for the Scots, nou presently in armes for him; zitt nather cann they have his person amongst them (quho promised to be ther Januar last, and everie month since) nor any assistance of armes nor ammu
nitions, till the long nichts cum, quich is impossible for them to stand so long out, if a
sudden resoluctione be not taking. This is that reasonne, for quich I hold zour ansueir
zesternicht upp undelivered. What effect of our private discourse cann be at seven a
clock, I fall acquaint your lordship. Housomever I desire, that zour secretarie may be
sent to the Angell in the neu toune about twelve of the cloak, and I will wrett at lenth to
zou, and at one or two I will be gone in all haist. If I heir at Francfort he be gone from
the Spa, then I conclude he is ether gone privatelie for Holland or Brandenburg; for he
sheurs me, the kyng is determined with four and himself to take his travell, as thenn, I
think it fitting in all haist to cum heeir, and from hence to London to his hyghness the
lord protector; bot if he be at Spa, and perhaps retarded by the Inglish councell, thenn
I will goe thither, and byde till I knou his resolutions, and mak zou from tyme to tyme
ane account of the same. Therefore zou will excuse my zesternicht's not sending of that
ansueir. The main poynt of all will be his hyghness his special cair of the bussiness in
Scotland, hou by money or good meanes to be ther conductors, or by force to doe the
same; for he assures me, the greatest part of the kingdom are for the Inglish, except the
kyng cum over with great supplye of armes, as thenn the quhole body of the kyngdome,
so many as he can arme, will ryse, and give one desperat about for it. He affirmes, they
are 13000 menn, whereof 1500 horse weill armed, and 4000 foot; the rest are not armed,
bot expects longing from hence. The somme of our discourse I fall wreate to zou at
twelve a cloak. Quhat other things my wife can learne herreafter from him, shee will
shou it my ladie zour wyse. So till twelve a clok I fall remain, and ever after
Zour Lordship's verie faithfull servant,
From my house at six in the morning, 21/31. July, 1654.
For the ryght honorable the lord resident Bradshaw,
Another letter from Sir John Hendersone.
Vol. xvi. p. 341.
The discourse I held with gentlman to-day showes a great disperationne of the Scots,
if in all haist the kyng goes not himself, or send 12000 armes to them. All ther
houps now is the breaking with Ingland, quich I must confess according to his discourse is
verie lyklie. As for armes, ther is 10,000 in the hands of one Sir Johne Mackleir in Gottenburg in Sueden. These lyes in paund to him for 15,000 dollars. These fall be releived
and sent home; therefore it is most incumbent, that one or another have a vigilant eye
upon the actionns of that mann in Gottenburg. The state of Scotland (as he tells me)
generallie all are verie discontent, and more lyklie to break in pieces, if the kyng in all
haist doe not remeid it, quich, in my opinion, he cann hardlie doe till the long nichts cum.
The great bussiness the princes of Orange is gone to hir brother is, to lett him know of
quhar great pouer the houes of Nassau is in the United Provinces, in making Groningenland, West-Frizland, Zeland, and sum others, declare against the Hollanders making
that shamfull peace with Ingland, (as they tearme itt) and nou having also great faction in
Amsterdam for the hous of Nassau, as the other partie is; and he conceaves, if his hyghness the lord protector will bot for a little tyme complye with that rigorouse poynt, of
extirpating that houses, as thenn the generall state of Holland hes nothing to say. In the
meane tyme the Scots bussiness must be taking in hand: that being done, ther is no feare
of any uproare in Ingland, Irland, nor in Scotland. The landing ports, quhich are faise,
one is in Stranaver, the other in Skyracsin, or thereabout. The greatest part of the
Hylanders are still, and will not rise at all vith Mildton, puts off till the kyng cumm. The
bodie of his kyngdom, and most part of the nobilitie, is very affectionat to the government of Ingland. Argyle has 4000 menn, and his sonn joyned with him for the Inglish.
In summa, if the kyng doe not cum verie suddenlie to Scotland, all is verie desperate,
having ther troups onlie placed upon the Holland's rupture with Ingland, quho lays doun
niu positionns of state, (as he affirmes) that if 10,000 menn be landed in Scotland, they
with the other fall give the lord protector more to doe, than 300 saile of menn of warr.
Therfore all ther houps goes upon this. They are also confident, that if the Hollander
be forced by the provinces to break that from the Roman impyre, they are able to have
20,000 men; bot all these positionns may turne to smok, if the Scots bot agree with Ingland, quich I dout not but his hyghness will use all possible midle witt, ether in a fair
way, or per force.
This cavalleir hes good intelligence from the kyng, and quhat is plotting in Holland;
so that with everie post, quhat he knoues, my wife fall give zour honour notice thereof.
I besech zour honour not to forget hir in the business I wrett last of, in respect I have
left hir purse verie emptie. Just nou I had reseaved zour letter, and accordingly I think I
have done. I thank zour honour for zour favour about my wyse. I fall no more for the
present, but fal remain
Zour honour's verie humble servant,
Hamburg, 21/31. July, 1654.
A Monsieur Monsieur du Plestre, presentement ` Hamburg.
Written in the same letter by Mr. R. Bradshaw.
Extracted out of another letter same date, which hath nothinge more in it than this;
That his lady would shortly learne out the lord Wilmot's intelligencer at London,
and give me notice of him; and that for the affaires of Scotland sent home, all is
dispatched by the lord Miuburgh to one Richard . . . . ., a silke-dyer in Thames-streete,
London. His other name he would learne at Spaw.
A letter of intelligence.
Hague, 31. July, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 368.
In my precedent letters you had what I could afford. Since I have to add, that the president of this week of the states general-assembly, who was of the province of Groningen, endeavoured by all means to conclude by plurality of voices, that the river Schake
should be shut at Lilloe, requireing that all ships and barks should be there discharged;
but those of Holland did insist firmlie in not consenting thereunto; and the province of
Overyssell joyned in that with the lords of Holland; so that with the resistance of these
two provinces, the business is left undecided, and it is the opinion of some, that if the
English have written hither, that the protector or English have given over that resolution
in the letter of theirs to the greffier of the twenty-fourth instant.
The province of Groningen, the twenty-third instant, gave in a paper to the states general, most bitter against the act of excluding the P. of Orrange, and against the embassadors
Beverning and Newport, for negotiating and concluding the same, contrary to the union,
instructions, gratitude, &c. This paper is not inferior to that of the province of Friezland,
and so like, that I need not say more of it, having sent that of Friesland to you already.
Count William of Nassau, governor of the two provinces of Friesland and Groningen, is
returned from Utrecht, where (although he has not gained wholly that province to his
devotion) he has at least so divided it, that the town of Utrecht alone stands for province of Holland.
The partial party of the P. of Orange in the province of Overyssel are wholly near
masters thereof, and have recalled with much indecency William de Riperda, their president
in the states general, who was one of the plenipotentiaries at the truce in Munster, and
was only recalled for being ally'd to some of the principal ministers thereof.
The manisesto of the states of Holland against the states of Zealand is ready, and in
the press, by the orders of the said states of Holland, notwithstanding they have not yet
presented the same to be read before the states general; but it is thought they do expect the
next week, being their turn, to have a president.
They do publish here, that the protector will pay the pension due to the queen of Bohemia, or at least pay her debts, which amount to 300,000 patacons. This you know
best. Here I have no more to add, but that I am, Sir,
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xvi. p. 315.
On saturday was read and concluded in the states of Holland the long deduction, which
that province hath made against those who do rail at the seclusion: I am told, that it
was five hours a reading, containing a world of relations and cases, wherein the other provinces have shewn themselves unthankful to the house of Orange, and of affairs, which do
injure the union. Amongst the rest, they do reproach the other provinces with the siege
of Amsterdam; and indeed it is a pretty jest, to talk of the union, a virgin, that hath
been forced more than a thousand times. He that hath the power, makes use of the laws,
as of a nose of wax. Force and interest doth govern all things. I am told, that this
long deduction is called a recrimination: there will be many things to be seen in it. Many
will open their eyes; and I believe, that those of king of Spain will find their account in it, together with some pleasure; for as to religion, king of Spain could do no less than maintain their own;
and as to the laws, if king of Spain hath not kept them, (he will say yes) states general (the one against
another) do accuse one another; yea do convince another, or have satisfied their own
laws, yea the fundamental laws.
Those of states of Holland have wisely made peace; for and by Cromwel and by Spain, (si dicere licet) they
will make their party good; and yet I see, that royalists are as much troubled for making
peace, and do with, that they had continued in the contrary for many reasons. well-affected of Holland do almost
believe, that between Spain and pr. of Orange, there was no other difference but about the name;
in short, alterum de retinendo, alterum de acquirendo regno egiffe, & adbuc agere; and the
most zealous royalists do now no longer dissemble to say, that they will maintain the seclusion;
although all the states general should disapprove of it; yea, that they would do it willingly, without being required to it by protector. Count William is returned from Utrecht, whereby the
states have not yet taken a provincial resolution as to the seclusion; however, the two
first members are royalists; but the power of the city is so great, that it doth yet hold back
the rest; and besides, all that will be to no purpose for Holland will stand firm, and in
all the provinces, all those, who are low, will hold with peace; and if formerly men
have been able to prevail against Spain, peace will imagine to be able to prevail against
pr. of Orange.
Of the difference, that is in the province of Overyssel, concerning the election of the
lord Haersolt for the office of drossart of Twent, I have advised you formerly.
The lord Ripperda, (commissioner in the states general) on the behalf of Twent, hath
carried himself very boldly in this business against the said Haersolt; and for that reason
is recalled by the states of Overyssel to justify himself; so that likewife in Overyssel they
have appointed a siscal, who hath two advocates joined with him, to inform themselves
concerning the excesses, that have been committed by those, who do oppose the election,
Now the opposers are the nobility of Twent, and the city of Deventer. The other four
members (Sallant, Vollenhove, Campen, and Zwoll) are for the lord Haerfolt.
They do also talk of recalling the lord Berck, commissioner in the states general, on
the behalf of Deventer.
And in Guelderland likewise they talk of recalling the lord Raesvelt, commissioner to
the states general, on the behalf of the nobility of Velnem, for being too much affected
The said revocation of the lord Ripperda is in effect a very rare thing, a very extremity. It is true, that the most part of the nobility of Overyssel is for the lord Haersolt;
but likewise there is a considerable member of the nobles, that are against him; and in
effect it is nothing but the faction of friends of pr. of Orange, and peace, whatever other name or occasion
that it hath.
The quarter of Velauw in Guelderland, and the nobility in the provice of Utrecht, have
also declared against the seclusion, declaring it null; and designing at present the young
prince for captain-general and admiral, to exercise the charge, when he shall be of age, and
in a capacity; but the other members do still deliberate; and yet it is easily seen, that
in the end the plurality will be every-where against the seclusion; but Holland doth sufficiently declare, that they will not care a pin for what they can do, that they will notwithstanding maintain the peace with England by the means of the seclusion.
The protector, in letting fall the design of keeping the Escault open, hath thereby obliged this state, and especially Holland; for already friends of the pr. of Orange did expect thereby some new
Those of Holland do cause so many copies of their present deduction to be writ, that
they will give a copy to the generality, and seven others for the seven provinces; and in
the mean time, they do likewise cause it to be printed; but however not many copies,
only as many as will serve to furnish the cities of Holland; but there will be enough of
them to be had afterwards; and because it is of such a length, there is no getting of a
copy writ out; therefore we must stay till it be printed.
General Schoppe, who is come from Brazil, hath made his report; the substance whereof
is, that he layeth all the fault on the council; and I am told, that the council layeth the
fault upon him. A great number of soldiers, that are come from Brazil, do walk the
streets here demanding their pay. There are commissioners appointed to examine the one
and the other. For the reception of the queen of Sweden they had already given order;
but she passeth by Cassel towards the Rhine, without coming hither.
Sir, Bremen doth find itself here very much frustrated; for the states of Holland, chiefly since the return
of him, who of the states general hath been in Sweden, it being to be noted, that Sweden should do some
harm to the states of Holland Now the states of Holland do perceive well enough, that in the end all the states general will be
against states of Holland, and in all likelihood it may happen, that Holland themselves do implore the aid
of the protector; so that I see none or very little likelihood, that Holland should do any thing: now
Bremen doth once more desire, whether the protector would not be pleased to accommodate Bremen with
some money, which might be done under colour of commerce, and would give no offer
to Sweden. In truth, protector would very much oblige the cause of religion, otherwise Bremen will
be constrained to fling themselves into the arms of those of the other religion. Expecting
some favourable word of answer, I am
Your most humble servant.
31. July. 1654. [N. S.]
Boreel, the Dutch embassador in France, to the states general.
H. and M. Lords,
Vol. xvi. p. 314.
Wheresoever in this kingdom any sea preparations are in hand, presently
your lordships subjects feel the ordinary inconveniencies thereof, by reason that they
do make their ships to serve them; yea also those ships, which are brought in, and their
causes, upon hearing in the admiralty, are seized upon, and made to serve them for men
of war, notwithstanding my complaints and solicitations, and endeavours still used to prevent the same.
Paris, 31. July, 1654. [N. S.]
Jongestall to Assuerus van Vierson.
Vol. xvi. p. 313.
There hath been this week nothing done about the plotters; many are of opinion
they will put to death no more. Here are still above three hundred prisoners. As
far as I can learn, the earl of Oxford hath no danger. The fleet of this state is now about
to take on board their men. I cannot yet learn of a certain, what their design is; but certain it is, they have pitched upon some exploit or other, which they are now to put in
execution. Here were two ships blown up yesterday, the one outward-bound, the other
was come home from the Streights richly laden.
21/31. July, 1654.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to Chanut, the French embassador in Holland.
Vol. xvi. p. 332.
Your example, and your reasons, are too strong, not to cure such jealousy, which
the adjunction of a reasonable person might occasion; and you do me right to believe,
that I was never troubled at the sending of Mons. de Baas, although that at the begin
hing we ought to have had some kind of rule settled, which would have produced no
other effect, than the establishing of a subordination, and the preventing all the differences,
which the zeal of the service might have raised. When the said lord departed hence, he
did seem to me to be persuaded, that I had done my endeavour to have obtained of his
highness the alteration of the order; but you know, my lord, that oftentimes, to the prejudice of the Christian charity and of the truth, men do lay their trespasses upon others;
yet I have not hitherto any cause to accuse of injustice those, of whom I expect the approbation of my conduct; but I should be exposed to some reproach, if my negotiation
should not have a happy issue, whereof I cannot yet write any certain news, although
the commissioners be but newly parted from me, and that I have received an answer upon
the difficulties, which are found in my articles, there being no resolution formed, and
every one remaining firm to his pretences. It seems however, that they would have a
peace, but upon very unequal terms on their side. They do build a pretence of money
upon the promise of Mons. de Baas, which he made formerly. The commissioners have
declared unto me, that all must be accommodated before next parliament. It is not, that
all the words of the country be evangelical, having received, during the space of eighteen
months, fair words enough without effect. Men should believe their words at present to
be of a better alloy. The distrust is increased through the extraordinary embassy, which
is to arrive here from Spain, under pretence of passing a compliment upon the lord protector. After all the reports, that have been made of an alliance made with this state, one
may believe, that it is for some other design. My consolation is, that all my mischiefs are
upon the point of a crisis.
The death of the king of the Romans will be of as great consequence.
31. July, 1654. [N.S.]
Jongestall to count William.
Vol. xvi. p. 312.
This week is already spent, and nothing done. The merchants, who are bound for
our state, do earnestly desire to see their money coming, which I likewise do; for
I hope, that business being once ended, they will at last grant me leave to return home.
We do expect to have audience of the lord protector very suddenly; at which time, we
shall demand copies of the treaties made by this state with Sweden and Portugal; but I
am of opinion, we shall not have any in haste; for I am informed from a very good hand,
that the lord protector will not easily ratisy the first. Here is every day expected the
marquis de Lede, governor of Dunkirk, in the quality of embassador of the king of
Spain. The negotiation of the lord de Bordeaux is almost dead, and many rubs it meets
withal in the way. The earl of Oxford is said to be in no danger. Yesterday there were
two rich ships burnt in the river, near the bridge.
Westminster, 21/31. July, 1654.
Mr. John Jeanlett to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xvi. p. 348.
According to his highnesse pleasure signified by your letter of the twenty-second
of June, I have sent you in the Dutchy, whereof captain Edmond Smyth is commander, the bodyes of John Selby (formerly called Seamur) and Mr. Richard Wharton,
(whom I conceive to be) his confederate, and with captain Smyth, the commission of
captain Selby, together with an information concerning him, sent to and given in by
captain Sherwin, comander of the Primer Rose. I have this day, according to his highnesse order, received the body of colonel James Gourdon (fn. 1) , prisoner at warr, by warrant
from Sir William Constable, high sheriff for the county of York; and humblie desire his
highnesse further pleasure, how he shall be kept or disposed of, may be signifyed to
Your affectionate friend and humble servant,
Jo. * * * * *
Hull, 21. July, 1654.
W. Clarke to Mr. Errington, post-master at Newcastle.
Vol. xvi. p. 370.
Since my last, the general resolved easy motions after our hard marches, and to drive
Middleton's almost tired forces on colonel Morgan, who was fresh in Ruthven, which
took effect on wednesday last. Then they marching to Loughgary to quarter with an eye
of fear backwards upon the generall, and being soe intent upon the waies of avoiding him,
that to know where colonel Morgan was they neglected, whoe met with their horse in a
narrow pass, and totally routed them. The account is hourly expected from colonel
Morgan, whoe is in chase of their foot towards Loughaber, they being, at the engagement, about four miles from their horse. Middleton is narrowly escaped, by quitting his
horse in a bogg, which we have taken with an Englishman upon him, that did run from
colonel Reade's regiment. We have taken about twenty-five prisoners, that escapt from
the route, and very many run away from him, that probably they are quite broken; and
that most of or all their horse spoyld, and great part of their foot dispersed. The general sent yesterday major Bridge with a party of horse to secure the country. Hee fell into
Macgregor's quarter, who was to bring the stragglers up after Middleton. Wee tooke
two prisoners and nine horses, with divers portmantuas; among the rest, the earle of
Atholl's with his cloake, diverse letters, and papers of concernment, from Charles
Steuart. Sir, I am
Your humble servant,
Campe att Hem-hill, neere Weemes-castle,
21. July, 1654.
Lord George Fleetwood to Bulstrode Whitelocke esquire.
Vol. xxvii. p. 297.
Youers dated the twenty-fifth of June is safely come to hande. I am hartily glade
to heare of youer excellencie's . . . . . . . . . . and well contented jornie soe farre,
but especially youer prosperus arivall at Gravesende, which I am informed . . . . . . . .
resident's letter, and hope ere long to have it from youer lordship's penne. Ouer kinge
hath bin very inquisitive after your excellencie, and seemed to be very well contented,
that youer honer was safely come on in England, which I informed him yesterday. Concerninge ouer late queene's resignation and coronation, I dare not particularise, supposinge,
ere this, it is in print in all languages. Ouer noble kinge (who gaineth the affection daily
of all men by his affable carriage) is involved in new troubles, before hee is once setled;
a warre fomented by the Bremers, and begune without . . . . . . . . unknowne to his
majestie or the privie counsell heare (as they all pretende). I suppose it will not be soone
ended, being consident the Bremers would not have begun, had they not bin backed by
greate ons; but . . . . they are like to be loosers. Ouer whole worke heare in sending
out forces hence, divers from Colmer and Gottenburge allready gon; those from this
porte to go aborde to-morow; earle Gustose Stenebocke to commande them under
Koningsmarke. They say, in all, 8000 shall be sent out. God send them good successe.
Before ouer late queene's resignation, the Portugall embassador was commaunded to
departe, not acknoliginge his principall; but our kinge did underhande excuse it, and
since with all civilitie salved it what possible, as I heare.
Thus, I suppose, wee have two tastes of ower Spaniard his designes, and feare to many will
Counte Ericke is to set saile from hence in sewe dayes to Keele, and thence to the duke
of Holsten's courte, to fetch ower new queene (the duke's second daster unmarried). Ower
kinge regulates his jornie according hee feeth the winde serve, intending to meete at
Colmer, where the nuptials are solemnised. They repaire heather, where this winter a
parlament shall stande. Then the queene is to bee crouned, and all affaires of this kingdome setled.
Count Sliffenbacke is sodainely departinge hence ambassador to all the princes in Germanie, to demonstrate the Bremers unrite proceedings, and to protest against any mischance
can happen to the empire by this meanes.
The riks-chanselor was lately very sike; but now (God bee praised) reasonable well
recovered. The kinge courts him much. Thus much for publique. Counte Gabriell
Oxensterne, aboute two dayes since, desired me to write to youer excellencie, that now the
hotte weather was past, hee would sende over the lord protector's rine-deare; they are now
six or seven alive, and these very fresh and lustie, that hee questioneth not there liveinge
now. Hee desireth youer lordshipee would sende over one skillfull in ketching hawkes,
and you shall have as manie as you please; but withall importuned mee, to put youer
excellencie in minde of English horses and doges hee pretendeth promised.
Thus fearing to bee to troublesome, this is onely to beg youer excellencie accounte of
mee, as I shall allwaies shew myselfe, to power,
Stockholme, 22. July, 1654.
Your faithfull servant,
The fifteenth of this present kame ould felt-marshal Lesly heather, and departeth
hence in few dayes; his buisnes, as hee pretendeth, to give ouer queene thankes for hir
gratius assisting him in his buisnes by the lord protector, which compliment he hath layed
of to ouer kinge.
A letter of intelligence.
Brussels, primo Augusti, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 366.
Yours of the last I received, by which I understand the common occurrents there,
for which I have not much to return at present; but that the dissentions in the United
Provinces do continue, as you may have better from other hands.
Yours to Vienna I sent, from whence you have now some letters, which I believe give
you assurance of the death of the king of the Romans; sad news in this place!
The gentleman you designed for the Spa, within two days begins his journey; for I
could not receive the moneys by your bills till this day. He is not perfect yet in health;
but will come time enough to overtake R. C. at the Spa, before he stirs from thence, as
you had in my last but this; and since, I cannot give you further relation of him.
But of the queen of Swedeland, I can assure you, lodgings are provided for her at
Antwerp and in this city by particular persons; yet I believe the archduke will give orders,
that for some days her majesty may sojourn in the palace here; and it gives me to believe,
her majesty is to stay for some time in these parts, because houses are consigned for her.
And it may be what is said to be; for R. C. may fall to the archduke's lot, if he will be
so virile, which is all I have at present of that.
Of the sieges at Arras and Stenay, I have not much to say since my former. It is
hoped here, Arras shall be taken before Stenay; for already one gate of Arras is possessed
by the Spaniards, and in their camp powder was wanting to complete the work, as you
had in my former; but now all supplied, and the several armies very faithful and vigilant;
and beyond all, P. of Condé, whose valour and vigilance is much applauded. Marshal
Turenne's encamping at Monchy, so near the enemy, hinders all convoys from Doway.
The enemy some few days since appeared before our army, but did not advance. They
looked upon us, and after retired to their camp, where they are yet. In the mean time,
another desperate sally has been made by the besieged horse, and worsted at first ours, but
at last were beaten back. The enemy, to facilitate all succours to the camp, have gathered
together some forces from their garisons at la Bassée and Bethune, and left them in Laon.
The twenty-fifth of last month arrived in our camp a convoy from Aire, with twenty-five
waggons laden with powder and some pieces of artillery; so that as now we are provided.
The prince of Condé has taken the counterscarp from them, being greatly beaten from
it, near the gate of Ronvill, which we possess; but by the wing of the Spaniards and
Condé, his men being most Irish, eight captains were lost of our side, besides other officers.
The Lorrainers in like manner gained a demi-lune in the place where they are; so that we
hope soon to be masters of the town.
Some reports are of an engagement betwixt the P. of Condé with 8000 horse, with a
convoy coming to this camp; but I have no assurance of it, and therefore will forbear till
my next. It is written from Basil in Switzerland, that the cantons confederates assembled
the eleventh of last month at Baden, where the Spanish and French embassadors were;
and the last endeavours to rejoin the High and Low Alsace to Brisac could not prevail.
Here is nothing else at present from, Sir,
To the marquis of Barriere the prince of Condé's agent.
Brussels, 1. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 354.
I HAVE received your letter of the twenty-fourth of the last month, and a packet to his
highness, which I have sent him; but the passages are so unsafe, that we have enough
to get any sent or come from thence. I have had no news from his highness since the
twenty-fourth of the last month. However there are some come, that bear date the
twenty-eighth, which do advise the battering of a half-moon, and afterwards they intend
to batter the wall of the city; so that we have great hopes the place will be suddenly
surrendered. It is that which we must all desire; for his highness doth continually expose
himself to much labour and hazard, notwithstanding some little distempers of his ague,
which do still hang upon him; so that some rest, and a place of security, would be very
welcome unto him. Stenay holds out stoutly; the besiegers do advance something, but
with the loss of a great many brave men.
The king of the Romans died on the twelfth of the last month; a horrible misfortune
for the house of Austria.
I will write nothing to you concerning your affairs: pray do you advise me the certainty
Count de Brienne to Mons. de Bordeaux the French embassador in England.
Sedan, 1. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 363.
There is just now an express from Stenay, who bringeth us news, that the besieged,
seeing our men lodged upon the point of the bastion, did demand to capitulate; but
that the treaty was broken off, by reason we would not allow them any time to send to the
prince, to see if they could not be relieved. Let them do what they will, the town will
be taken. I could no sooner get any time to answer your letters, which you may very well
wonder at, having enough to do to advance the siege of Stenay; and besides, being a
business of great importance you write about, we would take time to debate and consider
of it; and I do find them no ways willing to condescend to such conditions. If I had
time, I would tell you what was practised at London, where the deceased lord of Villeroy,
whose memory can never be extolled enough, did rather chuse to leave the kingdom in
an uncertainty of peace or war, than to agree to any dishonourable or disadvantageous
terms; and that is that, which you are to speak, and to stand upon. We rely much upon
your capacity and gallantry of spirit, to manage the affairs of his majesty for his honour,
and the reputation of the greatness of his kingdom and power.
As I was going to sign this, there came an express from the siege at Stenay, who hath
brought the news of the capitulation and hostages given on either side; and that the
garison was to march out to-morrow, to retreat to Mount-medy.
Chanut the French embassador in Holland, to Bordeaux the French embassador in England.
Vol. xvi. p. 356.
That you should have contributed any thing to the disgrace of Mons de Baas, is a
suspicion so extravagant, that I cannot believe, that it can enter into the thoughts of
rational man, if you had not the advice from Paris. I am very glad, that all my friends,
who write me very freely of all passages, do not mention one tittle of it in their letters:
there is not one of them, that is troubled with that foolish imagination.
They all write me word, that they do think it to be a wilful quarrel, which the lord
protector would fain make with us; but that the lord protector should engage by his own
reputation in a business, which can admit of no mediocrity; for if Mons.de Baas be guilty,
the king must cause him to be punished for an example, and must shew him no favour,
though the lord protector should desire it; but if he be not guilty, the lord protector
must make satisfaction to the king, and to Mons. de Baas likewise, having put a kind of
affront upon his majesty, and gone about to take away the credit and honour of an honest
man, who is none of his subject, and one that is sent from a great king.
Behold, my lord, these are the judgments and opinions of my friends at Paris. Hitherto
I have not heard any thing from my friends at court about it; and for my part, I do
expect to hear what the king will be pleased to order in a business of this nature, wherein
I never saw nor read any examples.
I must needs confess to you my weakness; for not being able to contain my indignation
in answer to yours, wherein you are pleased to do me the honour to write me word, what
my lord Beverning had told you concerning my carriage here, will add now no more as
to that, knowing well enough, where that gentleman's shoe pincheth him.
I know not what to judge of the success of your negotiation; for my part, I am still of
the opinion I was formerly, that there will be nothing effected but upon very hard terms,
which do concern our masters to judge whether they will be for their turn.
The lords of Holland have made ready a large writing in answer of that of Zealand,
wherein they do very amply justify their proceedings. I will send you an extract of it;
for it seemeth it is very handsomely joined together. The states general are resolved to
suffer the English ships to go directly to Antwerp; and I do perceive, that all the merchants do complain, that the peace, that is made, is only a cessation of arms, or, to speak
better, of hostility, here being not one point as yet regulated concerning the commerce.
And when I have said sometimes, that the first articles, which you have given to your
commissioners, concern the freedom and navigation, and the security of commerce amongst
the people, all of them have rejoiced, and praised your proceedings.
The business of Bremen doth begin to grow more violent: the new king of Sweden
is wonderfully scandalized, that those of Bremen durst be so bold, after they had retaken
what they had lost, to put the subjects of Sweden under contribution; but in my opinion,
that is no act of insolence, but of necessity. This city, which is very poor, not knowing
how to keep a body of an army, which they do stand in need of, is sain to imitate other
sovereigns, and maintain them at the charges of others. They write me from Hamburgh,
that the queen of Sweden doth take this business very much to heart, and that she doth
caress the princes of Low-Saxony, who do visit her, to take them off from engaging to
protect the said city of Bremen. The emperor, who was not angry to see this fire kindled,
and who did encourage the city of Bremen, hath now cause to be quiet, and not to make
any disturbance in the empire, having no certain successor in his house. Certainly the
death of the king of the Romans is a blow of a very great consequence to the house of
Hague, 1. August, 1654. [N. S.]
News from Zurich to Mr. Stouppe.
July 23,/Aug. 2. [1654.]
Vol. xvii. p. 279.
Naples is still in fear, pardons exil'd persons to have soldiers, and presses Milan
to send some. Sardinia fears also, chiefly from Lemos, and fortifies places of importance. The French fleet will be strong. The pope is well, will live in the place
Navona, and is angry with the Venetians for causing books to be printed in their towns
against his see. They excuse themselves, pretending ignorance, and that many books bear
the name of Venice, which did never see it. Genoa continues to arm. Milan can act
nothing, not well knowing, on what side she may be assailed: she mistrusts the Irish.
Mantua sends a garison into Casal. The French grow strong in Italy. Some few soldiers
are gone into Savoy thro' Switzerland, but without arms. Geneva is still molested by the
prior of St. John, who has had commissions from Rome to the parliament of Dijon, which
will act against Geneva. The cantons will embrace their interest. All Germany is at a
stand for the death of the Roman king. They write, that the emperor, although sick,
goes into Hungaria to facilitate the election of the palatine and king of that country. The
diet at Baden is ended. The deputies will make relation of all things, and give answer
to Mr. Pell's propositions, and upon the matters Mr. Stokar hath related to them.
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh, to the protector.
Vol. xvi. p. 336.
May it please your Highnesse,
My last weeke's dispatch inclosed to Mr. secretary Thurloe my addresse to your highnesse, with a letter from Sir John Henderson, one that now solemnly professeth himself your highnesse's most humble and faithfull servant, which I believe he is; of all which
I doe now remit duplicates to Mr. secretarie, least the last post should have miscaryed.
These inclosed letters I received just upon his departure towards the Spaw, which for the
matter in them contained, I thought fit to present to your highness owne perusuall, adventuringe this post his own hand-writinge; but I presume hereafter a caracter will be sent me,
that I may make use thereof, to impart the needfull to Mr. secretary Thurloe.
It may well be, that Ch. Stuart will hast for Scotland; for the generall report goes, he
will shortly be here, in his way to the D. of Brandenburg; and at Stoade, the Swedish
garryson upon the Elve, the present governour, one collonel Moore, a Scottish man, writes
to a friend here, that he provides to receive him at his house. He travells but with
few in company, Langdale, Compton, Northampton's son, and several other cavaliers of
his party, being here alreadie waytinge his comeinge with one Carpenter, their chaplaine,
formerly a Jesuite or secular preist, who came lately from England in the companye's shipps,
and is goinge thither agayne, havinge here beene much countenanced by all the disaffected
English in the company. Though the Q. of Sweden gave it fourth, that she was goeinge
to the Spaw; yet since her departure I am certainely informed, that she intends for
Brussells, and where shee will meete with C. S. is yet uncertain; but well they may encounter; for she goes in the same way to Brussells, that he comes in from the Spaw. I
hope your highnesse will take into consideration the great concourse of cavaliers to this
place, where they intend to reside under the winge of Ch. Stuart's agent, George Waites,
the revoulted, and for present banished merchant of the company, soe soone as he returns
with this commission, which he is gone for to his master at Spaw, as in my last was signifyed to your highnesse, and which undoubtedly this towne will permit under their smooth
pretence of neutralitie, if your highness shall not please to command me specially and
speedely to mynd them of their engagement, as included in the articles of peace with the
United Provinces, not to permit any declared enemies of your highness and the state of
England to harbour with and among them. If this should not be speedily ended, it will
be no liveinge here for me, or any the friends and servants of your highness. It's long since
I hinted upon this, as foreseeinge it upon the conclusion of the peace; but multiplicity of
affaires hath hindred, that I never received any answer thereto. Here's a great quantity of
armes and ammunition loaden by English and Dutch for Spaine and Portugal, at least so
pretended; but beinge done by disaffected men, I doubt it may be intended for Sotland;
yet there are so many laders in the shipps, and such diversity of commodities, that it may
possibly be really intended for those parts. The ship with armes, &c. which Sir John
mentions, I have discovered shee is to be loaden by one William Grissone, a Scottish Dutch
merchant here. So soone as Marsh and Waites return with money and orders, I doubt not
but your highnesse will give order with speed, how to proceed in that and other businesse
remonstrated in my last. For other particulars of weekly intelligence I humbly referre your
highnesse to the inclosed paper; submislly remayneinge
Most humble servant,
Hambr. 25. July, 1654.
It's humbly prayed by Sir John, that his letters may not come to any other hands then
those of your highnesse.
Extract out of the resolutions of their noble great lordships the states of the province of Groninen and Omlanden.
Veneris, the 4th of August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 382.
The states of the province of Groningen and Omlanden, having seen and thoroughly considered a certain act passed upon the fourth of May last by the lords of
Holland and West-Friesland, whereby they have formally obliged themselves to the lord
protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland, never to chuse the young lord prince of
Orange, or any of his line, for stadtholder-general, or admiral of their province, nor that
he be ever chosen to the captain-generalship over the militia of the generality, and delivered by the lords Beverning and Nieuport, extraordinary embassadors of this state in
England, to the said lord protector, by order of the said states of Holland, after the concluding and ratifying of the peace, union, and confederacy between the commonwealth of
England and this state; besides, having read the resolutions and protestations of some
provinces, already brought into the generality, and also the protests made by the commissioner of this province in particular, in the assembly of their H. and M. L. upon this
subject; their said lordships can see nor judge no other, than that the separate negotiation
made by the said lords of Holland with the said lord protector, without the least communication thereof given before-hand to the other provinces, is not to be allowed of, or that
the same ought to tend to the prejudice of others, as being contrary to the express letter
of the ninth and tenth articles of the union of Utrecht, lately unanimously renewed by all
the provinces, and so religiously entered into by all the provinces, and to be observed
especially in the conjuncture of times, where the generality itself, with the advice of all
the provinces, and with singular care, had already concluded a common treaty by
their embassadors with the commonwealth of England; contrary to whose intention and
express resolution of the nineteenth of February, the province of Holland, upon a pretended necessity, durst undertake alone to negotiate apart with the lord protector; and
for his contentment and satisfaction, besides and above the security, which was solemnly
given him by the provinces for the preserving of the peace, treating with him in private, did wave the same, and thought fit to alter it, and to give such other conditions and
provisoes, as seemed fit in their own wisdoms, where the treaty itself is much slighted;
and withal they have taken upon them the superiority over all the provinces, to whom they
intend to give laws, by this separate negotiation and obligation of theirs: besides, this
unheard of and abominable seclusion of the young lord prince of Orange doth draw after
it not only an indelible ungratitude against the whole house of Orange, from whence the
first freers and founders of our liberty did originally proceed, and who have continually,
and so gloriously deserved well of this state, (which then can never be answered before God
and the world) as also us and our posterity; but hath also occasioned a notable ignominy
and irreparable trouble and prejudice to the said young prince, who in his innocent years
is taken into the special protection of this state, and remaining amongst whom, without
the least fault, is put by and frustrated of all hope of succession in those high charges
possessed by his father, and his illustrious predecessors.
Wherefore the said lords states do disavow the said separate negotiation, as also the said
seclusion, and do hold the same for null and of no value; and they do persist by that
special resolution of the twenty-third of December, 1652. for the chusing of the young
prince captain-general, with their desire, that the rest of the provinces will take the same
into their serious considerations.
A letter of intelligence.
Spa, 5. August, 1654.
Vol. xvi. p. 478.
All your instructions I received, and your moneys of twenty pounds; a considerable
part whereof I was driven to expend for apparrel and equipage, having changed my
long habit, &c. I hope you will perform with me. I came hither but this day; and I
cannot give that account, which you may expect; but by the next I am confident to give
you contentment; and by God's assistance, I dare undertake to give you satisfaction in
your desires to the utmost of my power in every particular; and that R. C. shall not
stir, but I shall be near him and his actions. All I can tell you now is, that R. C. is here,
and all his embassadors and agents from all parts flock to him in such an assembly, and as
merry as if they had the three kingdoms; and they give out it shall be so shortly, sed ad
The queen of Swedeland is here expected, and a house is taken for her. My coming
hither is but sudden. This is only to give you notice of my being here; by my next you
may expect more from, Sir,
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, August 5. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 396.
Having received both yours by this post, I have not much of news to acquaint you
more than I writ in my former. However, as it is, you will be pleased to accept of
it. The parliament sat here the first instant, assembled upon the elections of some
new deputies to receive the rent of the town-house, which, after many oppositions by the
masters of requests, have chosen four intendants, called Hausset, Payet, Brisauer, and
Boisleue, of which each of them has paid for his entrance 200,000 livres.
The rest of Guise's train, that parted last week, (as I writ formerly) being arrived at
Melun in an house belonging to Mons. Breteville, master of requests, endeavoured to go
into the garden to eat some fruit, which the people of the house endeavoured to hinder,
but were paid, four of them being wounded. The said Breteville having complained of
it to the duke of Guise, orders were sent presently by Guise, that such as had done the injury to the people, should be turned away out of his service, and called to justice in Paris.
The said duke is to depart this very day.
The siege of Stenay continues always; and last friday in the evening the regiment of
la Marine hazarded themselves there most gallantly in the king's presence, casting in quantities of granadoes, fourneaux, and such, by which many were lost on both sides: on our
side three captains of la Marine's, so many lieutenants, five serjeants, and twenty soldiers,
by reason they did not retire themselves timely after throwing of the said granadoes,
many more officers and soldiers of the said regiment were slain, and wounded in a
manner: of 700 rest but 200. The enemies lost likewise a quantity of men, and ours
took two of their officers, which would not timely retire back; which say, that Rochefort
lieutenant of the citadel was dead, and that they had not many granadoes or bullets in the
town: that the burghers were forced to give all their plate to the governor, to make bullets
of them. The enemies sallied out twice since, to turn ours out of the counterscarp: we
gained by Marine's regiment, but could not prevail. The 28th last month, our mine,
being burnt under the demi-lune, made a great breach, where ours is now lodged at present, tho' we lost about 100 soldiers, and eight officers of the guard wounded; of which
one called Viol: in so much we were advanced; and the 30th last month all ours took
courage, and worked hard in the ditches; so that within eight days we are in hopes to
be masters of the place.
The letters from Turenne's camp being still at Moussy, of the first instant, bring,
that the brother of Mr. Cumont, that was slain, as you heard of before, having commanded
the troops of his brother, being 400 horse, was taken near Peronne, and was brought with
his troops into Cambray, by the garison of that place; also, that they have taken with
them the corps of M. de Beaujeu.
The enemies at Arras receive always relief by many of their cavaliers, that carry it
behind them sooner than they want it. The first instant, 150 horsemen of the enemy's
coming from Cambray with powder and ammunition, passing near Bapaune at ten of
the clock, M. de Peuse went in ambuscade to surprise them; had some of his pieces
of artillery play'd in Bapaume, to advertise Turenne, that the enemies were passing. Upon
which all Turenne's cavalry went to the field, and have beaten this part; took what provision they had, as also some of them prisoners, within half a league to Arras, and were
brought to Turenne; which declared to him, next day 1000 horse, laden with the like
munition, would come the same way from Cambray. Turenne, hearing of that, sent M.
de Bar with the most part of his horses towards that way, but found nothing in the end:
however the enemies, to let us know they wanted no powder, shot an hundred pieces of
cannon before Arras, the second instant; so they brag at us. The same day Turenne sent
some foot and horse to the field, hearing the great convoy was coming; but as we are
informed, count Broglio met them with 300 horse, to guard them before the rest: which
Broglio seeing, was sure they were his; so the guard fled away, and Broglio took possession of the waggons: but Condé came behind him with 6000 horse, and cut him all in
pieces, and Broglio escaped narrowly into la Bassée, being wounded. During this time
Turenne endeavoured to raise the siege, hearing Condé was absent; but all in vain; he was
repulsed with loss. Some say the great convoy entered; so which we would not, though
believed here. By the next you shall have the certainty of all this. The munition-bread in
the enemy's camp is only worth five sols; wine and beer is scarce. Some say, Stenay is
capitulating, and Chamilly to take the amnesty, to enter into his own goods: but we must
expect the confirmation of it, before we believe it. King Charles is at Spa; which is all
we hear from him.
Your friend in Rome writes only at this time, that some differences are between the
cardinals there and his holiness; the last being for the common good, and the rest not. Great
promises of the Portugal embassador's entrance. Prince Ludovisio is commanded out of
Rome, and quitted his office, being general of the pope's galleys: some say he is going to
Prince Pamphilio's secretary is committed to prison, and the prince himself disgusted.
This is all he gives at this time: by the next he promised to satisfy you at large; and
such shall be the endeavours of, Sir,
Your most real servant.
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, 5. August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 392.
Both yours of the 27th and 30th last month, I received by this post with yours for
Rome, which are sent away, and from whence at present I have nothing for you; but
for myself, I had what you have in the end of the letters of occurrents. R. C. is now at
the Spa, and certainly will relieve Scotland by all the means he can, and go himself, if it
be possible; knowing well, that without this little will be done in Scotland. As the said
R. C. passed through France into Flanders, many Irish soldiers and officers saluted him
in his way; and I have seen one, that was present, who heard him give them great hopes,
that before long he hoped to see them in better condition. Not only R. C. but also
France, are confident to see dissentions in England and Holland, and more troubles in Scotland, notwithstanding all treaties with the protector.
Of M. de Baas I have no more yet to say, but that justice shall be done to the protector, if he has deserved it. I hear the king and cardinal have given answer to the
protector's letters upon that subject, which you will find there. The articles sent by
the commissioners from the protector to our embassador Bordeaux were sent hither, as I
writ to you before; and some orders sent since to Bordeaux, touching them: but what is
desired in them for the Huguenots of France, will not be assented to, to the best of my intelligence; neither will France give any moneys. I presume M. Bordeaux has given there
more of this than I can learn; to which I must leave you.
Cardinal Grimaldi next week departs from hence to Rome, as embassador extraordinary
from this king to the pope. Of the general peace nothing.
The Spanish fleet is arrived most rich in Cadiz: the king's share, as it is believed, will
come to twenty millions of ducats, or thereabouts.
What else of common occurrents, you have in the other letter from, Sir,
A letter of intelligence from Paris.
Paris, 5. August, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 388.
The siege of Arras and Stenay are now far advanced, and men do believe, that the
one and the other will be suddenly taken; but in all likelihood, Stenay will be the
first surrender'd; for the last letters that came from Stenay, do speak, that all the outworks were taken, by reason whereof they did believe the place would be taken before
the eighth or tenth of this month.
The convoy, that was retreated to Aire, is now got safe into the lines of the Spaniards,
which hath supplied them with provisions.
At Bourdeaux they begin again to be discontented and to mutiny, by reason of the
excessive imposts, which they endeavour to establish here through the favour of the castle
trompet. There have been placarts fixed up and down the town against Turenne; and
many do believe, that the commonalty will be stirring there, here, and elsewhere, if
Arras should be taken.
A letter of intelligence from Paris.
August 5. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xvi. p. 390.
Here is no business spoken of besides the two sieges; whereof it begins to grow
doubtful, which will be the sooner over. The king hath again summoned the town
of Stenay by a person of honour: the governor returned answer, that whilst his provisions
lasted, he was resolved never to think of surrendering; all which notwithstanding, I hear
the king is resolved to have it before the fifteenth of this month. Arras is no ways short
of the like resolution. A few days ago, there was a hot dispute between a party of the
French army, and the Spaniards. The archduke hath committed the whole conduct of
the siege to the prince of Condé, with absolute power to give battle, if he think fit:
and indeed without him it would go coldly on; for he is in every place. There is a
convoy arrived safe in the Spanish camp, which hath furnished them with provisions for
three weeks. The duke of Guise hath raised some men; but it is uncertain yet, for
what place they are designed.
A letter of intelligence.
Vol. xvi. p. 400.
I KNOWE not, whether this maye come safe to your hands; so shall be short, and only
tell you, that I am come as farr as Luyck, and this morninge for Spa, where I hope
to arrive by times. The K. is still there; and as I heare by some come from thence, his
trayne increases: so we hope, if he stays a while, he maye have a little army for to guarde
him; and I am sure, if he doth not remove suddenly, many of our partye must leave
him: for the place is too chargeable. News here is none. I beseech you, when my wife
waites on you, to furnish her with that money I desired. The post parts from the Spa
and this place soe unseasonably, that my letters will be ould, before you have them; and
for more certaintye I will send them by waye of Amsterdam: and so please to write to
me, and direct them under cover of Mr. Lawrence Coghen. In haste I rest
Luyck, 6. Aug. 1654. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant,