September (2 of 5)
A letter of intelligence.
Vienna, 7. Sept. 1654. [O. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 220.
Yours I received, and am glad to hear of your quietness in England, which shall not
continue long, if your enemies can help it. Have a care of divisions at home, and
be sure some will happen in the United Provinces; and the emperor, with the princes of
Germany, may have some hand in it, as time will discover. I shall endeavour to give
you what I can learn of it.
The first instant the emperor returned to Ebersdors, where he is to stay till the diet of
Hungary shall begin, where a new Palatine is to be chosen, and the archduke Leopold
Ignatius, eldest son to the emperor, crowned king. The first of November his majesty
begins his journey to that diet, with the archduke and the rest.
M. le comte de Volmar, that goes to Franckfort, as I writ in my former, is invited in
his way by the elector of Mentz, with whom he is to have some conference about business
of importance; and part of it may concern R. C. and his designs. Within two days after
the said count Volmar's being gone, Mr. Crane, counsellor to his majesty, has in command
to follow him to Franckfort.
Since my last but this, here is nothing more known to, Sir,
From Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh.
Vol. xviii. p. 104.
Upon the seventh of September, 1654. cominge from my garden-house towards evening, as I was about to enter the cittie gate, several coaches of the English company,
who had been feasting it abroad with their new deputy Townely, came up with me,
and most incivilly struck in at the very head of my coach, to take the gate before me;
which all men know is the greatest assront, that can be offered to a publique person in
these countries (much wondred at by the Dutch, that it should be done by his highnesse
subjects to his servant here): onely by chance their stood a coach in their way, that they
could not go forward; so I passed by them, tellinge them, it was rudely done to offer
me such a publick affront, multitudes of the Dutch, and the guard of the cittie looking
on: notwithstandinge I was noe sooner past the gate, but those coaches, drivinge hastily
through another streete to gett before me, tooke their opportunity to give me a second
affront, before I got home, by strikinge in right before my coach again in the open street,
and so continued going all before me, till they came to the English house. These men
were most, if not all of them, the new courtiers.
A letter of intelligence.
Aken, 18. Sept. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 222.
Some days since I writ to you, since which I have no news to impart to you, but
that yesterday in the morning R. C. with five or six more in his company, walked
a-foot through the streets from his lodgings to Cæsar's bath, where the princess royal was
bathing herself. Old Hardin and four with him (he was in black with a cloak, with his
ribband and garter) together in a coach. In the afternoon they went both with all their
train to visit grave William of Friesland. He and his wife arrived here wednesday last
from Friesland, and is altogether for R. C.
I understand the lord Wilmot is to go again to the emperor within a few days; and
that R. C. will depart from hence for Cologne the 25th instant. 'Tis thought Wilmot
will part on monday next. His business is secretly carried, and it cannot yet be penetrated by, Sir,
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xviii. p. 106.
In my former letters I writ you of my intents to send on Mr. Bartholomew Harris to
Tollon, to discover what the duke of Guise intends with his fleete ther. The gentleman
departed this morning: he is a fitt person, expert both in the French and Itallian. I hav
ordered him to give you advys of what he can ther discover, and directed him to send
your letters to Mr. Geo. Smith marchant in London, by a sure way. I have given him
some pieces of eiht to bear his charges this expedition. At his retorn thence, if you giv
your approbation, I shal send him to Rom, upon the servis you formerly desyred, being
in my poore judgment a fit man for that purpos. He affirmes to me, that he was imployed at Ratisbon by Mr. Scot, then secretary to the councel of state, from whom you
may be informed well of this man's abillity and integrity; for to be true to you, did I
not believ him to be such a man, I should not propos him unto you, nor send him upon
any matter of trust. Your answer herunto pray, Sir, omit not for my future government. The great loss of the Spaniard at Arras renders him extreamly low in the ey of
the world. I should gladly hear, how Ingland stands in relation to Spayn and France. I
Leghorn, 18. Sept. 1654. [N. S.]
Your most humble servant,
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Hague, 18. Sept. 1654.
Vol. xviii. p. 136.
In my laste but this I gave you a strict account of the state of the affayres then here;
since, what I collected, you have as followeth:
I have seene three letters from the embassadors in England to their masters the states
here, since my last to you; two of them were of the fourth instant, and the other of the
eleventh of the same. One of the first contained altogether particuler bussines; the second
mentioned moste of your greate fleete a preparinge, conceav'd first to sayle into New
England, and after to the West-Indies against the Spaniards. Of this they write at large
the beste intelligence they coulde get; but this is the substance, with some few particulars
of the preparations, which are best knowne there. In their third letter of the eleventh
they write moste of general Blake's fleete, their equipping extraordinous, this fleete consisting of twenty-two ships of warr, and five other vessels. In the same letter they write
of the second fleete preparinge in like manner under Lawson, as admiral, and collonell
Venables a general of the land-forces; the fleete intended, as neere as they can learn, to the
West-Indies against the kinge of Spaine; and that warr to be pursued, and peace made
Alsoe they write of composeinge the differences of the East-Indies, and to pay by two
portions equal, in January and March nexte, 85,000 pounds, and for the busines of
Amboyna 3615 pounds; with which accommodation they are very well pleased here, especially of Amboyna; for they would be content to give twice soe much, rather then it
should be done. This is the substance of the letters. The province of Zealand hath intimation secret from the ambassador Jongestal of continued secret visits and conferences
the ambassadors Beverning and Newport have with the protector and his councel, without
In the busines of the prince of Orange here is nothing newe since my last; onlie some
invective libels, that have been sett forth by both parties, but immediately prohibited.
The deputies of Utrecht arrived here, and those of Guelderland are expected: both, as
I understand, came into favourable resolutions for the prince of Orange; soe it is hoped
by his partie, that by plurality of voices he shall be captaine and admiral general of these
There is greate contention betwixt the province of Holland and the rest, about the process against the officers of Brazil, committed, as you had before. Two of them are of the
province of Zealand and Groningen, which Holland would have tried by their several provinces; and it is sayd, that their ende is, that it may be president; that in case Beverning
and Nieuport come to question, they may be tryed by the province of Holland alone, and
not by the generality. The rest of the provinces allege, these officers were sworne to the
generalitie, and must therefore by them be tryed.
This is the collection of this week, from,
Stockholm, 9. September, 1654. O. S.
Vol. xviii. p. 102.
My last mentioned our ship's passing by hence towards Nycoping, which is not since returned, but expected here within two or three days, there being an express arrived here
with letters out of Liefland, from the general governor there, Gustavus Horn, touching,
as is thought, the somewhat too near approach of the Muscovites to the Swedish borders
in Liefland and Ingermanland, their late victory over the Polish army, under duke Radzivil, making them somewhat insolent. Six crown ships, which have carried over land
forces for Bremen, are safely returned hither; which, and some other ships, are to take in
more yet to the number of 8000 men; so that before winter his majesty is resolved to have
a considerable army there to bring the Bremeners wholly under his devotion.
The French embassador, Davaugour, is now arrived here with a stately retinue. Great
preparations are making for the solemnizing of the royal nuptials, the bride being now
shortly expected here from Gottenburg. We hear of the pest being along the sea-coast
of Norway, and also at Maelstrand, but four miles from thence; so that no vessels with
any kind of commodities are permitted thence to be brought.
De Richelieu to Monsieur de Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip ld. Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of GreatBritain.
Paris doth daily furnish us with some novelty or other. On sunday last here was
imprisoned a cozener or cheat, who under a borrowed name, made a shift to draw
from the poor nuns of the monastery of la Roquette, the sum of 40000 livres; and if he
had not been discovered, he had deceived the master of the chamber of accounts of as
much money. This is no new thing; for I do remember, that in the year 1608. a certain Italian, a doctor of physic by profession, who had a wife and children, changed his
dwelling, and took upon him the quality of bishop of Venafry; and through the skill,
which he had in counterfeiting hand-writings and seals, he got to be made over to Venice
10000 duckats, wherewith he bought a quantity of jewels, which he brought to Paris;
where, upon a note of recommendation, which was given to the goldsmith and jewellers,
he was taken and carried to prison, and there poisoned himself to avoid hanging. He
that is now taken, will run the same fortune.
After a while expectation, we hear now at last, that the cardinal de Retz is at St.
Sebastian. There are letters come of it from the earl of Grammont, and from Bourdeaux.
The journey of the king is put off till tuesday next. The army of Guienne is joined with
that of the king; so that they will be able to form a siege, and to resist those, that will
oppose them, although the prince of Condé hath received 4000 fresh men to join with
him. Certainly there is some great design in hand; for besides all the ordnance, that
were taken at Arras, and those that were before in the army, there are more drawing
out of the magazine here; for which purpose they take and seize upon the horses of those,
that bring provisions, as also of the poor labourers, which doth cause matter of discontent.
Paris, 19. September, 1654. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, 19. September, 1654. N. S.
Vol. xviii. p. 132.
The only news here is reported, that there is war betwixt this nation and England,
of which all the town ringeth; which if so, we are like to see strange alterations.
The court goeth away tuesday next towards la Fere; for they intend to besiege some new
place before winter, if these tidings of war do not dissuade them.
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, the 19th of September, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 120.
Cardinal de Retz is landed in St. Sebastian, whence bound for Rome; for the
greatness of Mazarin filleth all France, who is now archbishop of Rheims, first duke
and peer of France, by the demission of the duke Nemours his father, and fourteen more
naturalized by the parliament since the king's return, who formerly refused the same. You
see what change hath brought Don Diego's base run-away before Arras. Few of the prince's
Irish were taken, only some slain. They all fought gallantly. Murphy's regiment are
for the most part prisoners, and most of them have since taken service, being disgusted
and forced men under his command. Most also of all the Lorrain Irish were taken; some
as yet prisoners, some took service; others are turned back. God augment the lord
protector's favour towards our contrymen! Turenne was met on sunday at Merimont,
within seven miles of Brussels, by the courier. What the interest of all, Deus melius
Hocquincourt is now upon the march to Amiens with the Guienne-men, who are seven
hundred effective, besides what the court will add thereunto, which is resolved to depart
hence on this day for Picardy.
The duke of Joyeuse is deadly sick, if not dead; a prince much lamented by all. He
was wounded before Arras, and fell into a fever. By his death two great charges will fall
vacant, that of grand chamberlain, and general of the horse of France. They say, Mazarin the cardinal's nephew shall succeed to one, and the duke of Mercœur to the other.
O abominable Arras, which doth produce such extravagant effects! All the French armies
are resolved to winter this year on the charges of Flanders, which will hardly be able to
support both armies.
A letter of intelligence from Sir John Hendersone.
Vol. xviii. p. 124.
Treulie Honourable Sir,
Yours from Hamburg I receaved here in Akenn the 9/19. of September. I am infinitlie
glaid of your health and prosperitie, and wishes the continuation of the same. From
heir I cann certifie you of nothing, bot that the kyng's resolutionne for Scotland stands
firme; yitt his going will not be till the hard winter; but in the meane tyme he is to send
coll. Blake to them, as also one coll. Huime, and Sir James Haime of Eckalls; and both
going for Scotland cum from Suedenn, having his hyghnesse the lord protector his pass:
they are to effect what they cann in the Meisse for the royall partie cause; zou have good
attendance upon Berwick. The machinations are great and many; and certainlie ther will
be aboundance of armes and ammunition sent for Scotland. Therfore it werr good to provyde in tyme for itt. This nixt tuesday I am to wrett to his hyghness att full lenth all
I know. Four dayes hence coll. Durham and major Strachan the express from Scotland
is to be sent home again, and, as I believe, he is not to goe home emptie-handed; bot
from whence armes fall be sent home with him, I know not as yitt. The lord Niuburg
is the director of his dispatchs. His correspondent in London, to my opinion, is one,
that is named Richart Illies, a silk-dyer in Thames-street . . . at the London-post. Catch
such letters as are directed to him. The lord Wilmott is to goe for the gathring in of his
moneys in Germanie; bot in great haist to Berlin to the elector of Brand. where both is
hoaps of 2000 foot, and shipping for the same, with money to pay for theese armes in
Hamburg. Keep this designe principal to yourself till the nixt post. I sall acquent you
with further att my nixt advertisment. Have your secretarie, or sum good ingenious mann
reddie to goe for Berlin to waite upon what may be concluded ther, if they find any danger
of transport from Hamburg, as thenn be sure they will use the ports of Hinder-Pomerania.
In four dayes hence, we expect the great resolutionns of all particulars before our departure
hence to Collonia. I am hard setten by the kyng and my countriemen to goe for Scotland
for the conduct of the infantrie; bot I shunn as much as I cann; bot when I sall see they
will putt me hard to a resolutionne, I intend thenn to excuse all, and say I am promised
for the assistance of Spain and the houss of Austria against France; and thenn in all haist
to goe for London, ther to have a conferrence with his hyghness, and most suddenlie to be
back, before any capitall business be effectuated in Germanie. Sir, I intreat you assure his
hyghness of my constant fidelitie; and be assured, if I knew to gett half a kyngdom from
kyng Charles, I will not medle with them; because, when they hadd me, they wold not
mak use of me. Now they see their infanterie wants conducting, and wold fain make use
of me, when my honor and my parroll is utherwhair ingadged. Sir, I beseich you, lett not
my wyfe want for any thing; and if I goe for London, and it be his hyghness his pleasure
to detein me ther, or send me for action to Scotland, as then you will dispose my wyf's
mynd to cum to London with the greater part of my familie, because I am fully intentionated to give the lord protector full satisfactione of my fidelitie by introducing my
famelie for a reward of my constancie to his hyghness, to whom I owe my life, and intends
to hazard the same for him, of whom I hold itt. Herewith I begg your patience till the
nixt occasione, at which tyme you shall expect more ample letters from me. In the mein
tyme I sall ever continue, noble Sir,
Your verie humble servant,
[signature mark - see page image 595]
Ackenn, 9/19. Septembris; 1654.
Sir, the confidence I have of my noble freind Mons. Reasteau, moves me now not to
make use of my character; bot heirafter I will, and send you a compleit character, which
I have compyled myself. I am forced for the keiping of great and companie to live at a
hygh raite, cheiflie in sending for good Rhyne-wine; for such as I mak use of heir.
A Monsieur Monsieur de Plesse demeurant à Hamburg.
A letter of intelligence from colonel Bampfylde.
Vol. xviii. p. 114.
I came hither upon wednesday laste. I landed at Rotterdam, and have had but little
rest since I sawe you, which besides my want of any thing, that may countervayle the
pennance of a longe letter, I have soe great paince in my head, and am to full of the
general apprehension, that this place trembles with, of having my quarters beaten up tonight in Bruxells by the French armye, that I muste refer a larger accounte of all thinges to
the nexte poste; only I muste tell you, that the French armye starve the Spaniard here in
theyr owne countrey, by their excessive apetites. They make out three meals a day, and
at each devour a * * *. They intend shortly to breake theyre fast at Valentien, and dine
here, and sup at Antwerpe. The playne truth is, I never sawe soe much sadnes and dejection in any place in my life as this; and 'tis reported, the conquerours exceed much in
insolence; which I am not unapt to believe. Amongst the rest they have pillaged two
or three nunneryes, and used the virgins soe, that if the rest of the women of this country
were sure of a French army every year, I believe they woulde all turne relidgeous; but
if they will let us alone to sleep quietly at night, (which may be questioned, they being
but six leagues hence) I am resolved to spare them, till the next poste, by which I intend to
send my man, and by him to let you knowe all I have to say, and all I shall desire of my
friendes where you are. In the meane tyme, I shall request you to write mee all your
newes, that is communicable, and direct your letters for mee in my owne name to Mr.
Hewet's, the English house, on the Mere at Antwerpe, and they will come safely to the
hands of, Sir,
Your moste humble and affectionate servant.
Bruxells, September 19. 1654. [N. S.]
Intelligence from several parts.
Brussels, 19. Septembris, 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 134.
Yours are all received and sent to Acken and Vienna, from both which cities you
have now annexed letters.
From hence we have not much of news since my former. The archduke is still here
since his return from Antwerp, (as you had in my former letter) ordering all things the
best he can, to put our army in a defensive posture, against the incursions of the French,
who have done great spoil. All the country ran away from them with their goods and
cattle, and broke all the mills; so that albeit they have come, yet they want mills, and
consequently bread; which necessity of itself will drive them to a retreat into their France.
Besides, the prince of Condé is at Mons with 15000, and others dispersed are coming to
him; so that the French, though not far from Mons, dare not advance further, neither
to lay siege to any place, which we expected before this tyme, because they are strong,
and mustered ere yesterday 21000 gallant men. The greatest harm they have done is in
the country of Hainault, where, when they scatter into small parties, they are seized upon
by ours, and knocked on the head; or made prisoners. Of that sort some 1500, the
relation here is, are already lost.
In my former I writ, that count Grandpré took some posts before la Capelle, in order to
the siege of it, which news were brought hither to the secretary of state, but it was not in
order to a siege, but to prey. And it is not to be believed, what mischief they do, where
they come, committing all sorts of barbarities and cruelties, after their usual manner.
There landed in Dunkirk from Galicia newly, colonel Philip O Rely, with his Irish
regiment, of about eight or nine hundred, for the service of his majesty in these countries.
At Dunkirk likewise arrived the plate, which I writ to you about a month since,
intended to relieve the army at the siege of Arras. It is come too late for that, but
seasonable for the defence of this country. There are in jars of silver five hundred and
eighty bars, and some pieces of eight besides; the whole may amount to two hundred and
twenty thousand pounds sterling. I think some part of it belongs to the merchants; but
what quantity, I yet know not. Of marquis de Leda's going as embassador extraordinary
to your protector, here is nothing renewed since my former. Duke Francis of Lorrain is
here; so is his son. He sent marquis de Liencour to Antwerp to compliment the queen
of Sweden; and so did the prince of Condé from Valenciennes send to compliment her
majesty Mons. l'Esné. The queen (as is conceived) will at least keep this winter in Antwerp, and it may be longer. Count Fuenseldagna, and count Garcias, are fortifying the
town for Condé, lest the French should.
Here is no more of news; but all expect to hear what your parliament do, and
whither the great fleet you are a preparing tends; for now the Spaniard is jealous of it
against his West-Indies. This being all at present from, Sir,
Lorrain's escape in Spain is not confirmed.
An intercepted letter of Mark Harrington, &c.
Vol. xviii. p. 98.
Most Rev. and Honoured Sir,
It is not unknown to us, that the favours our mission hath met withal in France are in
great part origined from his servent zeall and piety, whom the Almighty, ever admirable in his waies, hath placed in a high orb of influence into works of charity; or as we
may say, sent as another Joseph into a more fertile soil, to provide necessaries against him
of need for his bretheren left behinde in a more pennurious land: we meane yourself.
We have certainty of the thing from those, who though known to be great co-operatours
themselves to the worke from the beginning, do attribute both beginning and progresse
to you, and who by dayly experience finde you their protector, their advancer, and your
solicitude more than paternall for their prosperitye in all virtuous and commendable proceedings. And as we are with humble thankes to acknowledge this, and to request you
to hold your hands continually elevated, lest the worke go down, and that what is well begun
may go better on; so considering your study wholly bent to the good of your country,
encouraged by the fame thereof, we take up the confidence of representing unto you the
great need our clergy hath of an agent in the court of Rome, whom all here judge so
necessary, that without him we conceave no hopes of successe in any thing, that may be
suggested for our good, or redresse of any other want (our wants are many) from the sea
apostolicke. We doubt not but divers men may be found fitt for the imployment; but
by reason of a domesticke streightnes generally overspread our country, we know not how
hence to contrive a competent subsistance for the person; and therefore rather then be in a
perpetual want of all, for want of once speaking, we thought best to venture on a representation of this mayn want unto you, to refer the addresse to the divine providence, and
your consideration, that if any fortunat way occur, that may be easily turned to this charitable relief, you may please to take hold of it, as your prudence shall dictat; adding,
that to the rest of your meritorious works for your countrey, and that the obligation of,
Most Honoured Sir,
Your most humble and devoted servants,
London, 9. September, 1654.
An intercepted letter of Henry Metham's, &c.
Vol. xviii. p. 117.
Our dearly beloved Brethren in Christ,
As we heare from yourselves and others of our frends in those parts, that you are accommodated at Notre-dame des Vertues for all thinges requisite to the apostolical ends you
aym at, through the compassionating zeale and providence of those great lights of the
Gallican church, and true fathers of their countrey, whom the divine goodnes, without
merit of ours, hath inspired freelie to poure of their heavenly oyle to our lampes, that
are allmost goeing out and dieing; so we earnestly desire, that you make such use of your
time and accommodations, as that your lives may evidently appear to be nothinge else
then endeavours to put on Christ, by emulation of their spiritts, to whose care and institution you are committed, that at your retourn into your native soil, which clayms a
share in your labours, cries for your assistance, and beares with your absence, in hopes of
greater gain, you may import so much of the oratorian primitive spirit, as may reduce
Great Britain, now unfortunat and decayed in spiritt, by heresie, schisme, and other vices,
into the happy condition of France, now flourishing in all kinde virtue and literature, and
so much celebrated in other countries for the reformation of priests and people; then which
nothing can be more desired by true priests and patriots. We also desire you, with the
like earnestnes to look uppon yourselves, as the objects of many eyes, diversly affected,
som friendly, others apt to observe the least moth of misdemeanor in your carriadges, apt
to carp and detract, but of no power to blast your credits, or hinder your progresse. Boni
æmulatores fueritis, cautiously shunning all evill and all shew thereof; and that not for
fear of their eyes, but his, who clearly beholds the hidden secretts of all hearts, and for the
love of him. You know how much we are indebted to the charity and patience of those
worthy fathers, your most loveing entertayners, and that we have no other demonstration
of gratitude to returne them, but our acknowledgment of their favour, and a tender of
what you may affoard for us, your submissive conformity to their wills, in order to the
end proposed, with a punctuall observance of the rules, that are or may be ordained thereunto, your improvement in all priestly parts and exempliary of conversation; which we
request may dayly appeare more and more even out of that motive of our gratitude, to
the speciall comfort of us here, and the better satisfaction of those, with whom, and under
whom you live there, who, not animated by your virtuous improvements, to continue
their gracious helps, might be well discouraged by the unhandsom parting of some, that
were once amongst you, who deserted their stations, too unmindful of their own credit
and ours, and of the respects they owed unto all. We are sorry for them, but do hope
for some recompence from you, who have now more time and liberty to do what befitts
your places, being freed of their company, who it seems had no minde to be better then
they were, by the faire opportunity offered. In this confidence, with hearty wishes of all
good successes unto you, we rest, Sirs,
Your most loveing friends to serve you,
London, 9. September, 1654.
Mr. William Prideaux to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xviii. p. 142.
I send your honour herewith a duplicate of my first, and a duplicate of my last unto
you, bothe sent by several convoyances by sea, and under cover to the governor of the
The merchants trafficke here fyndes severall obstructiones, by which some will rather be
loosers then gainers by the commoditys they have brought. The causes are; first, too
great quantitys of goods brought by us, the short tyme our merchants have to dispose of
them, and to invest their provenew in goods of this countrey, to relade their shipps for
England, and their not permitting them to goe further into the countrey then this place;
the which being well knowen to the Russe, makes them to keepe upp the prices
of their owne commoditys, and to undervalleu ours. A second cause is the totall want
of moneys in our partes to help of such goodes of oures as usually we put in barter for
Russia commodityes with parte money; and the want of moneys the Russe have for the
buying of such of our goodes, as usually they were wont to doe with moneys; for that at
other handes these Russia merchants have served themselves here with the emperor's treasure
(so are called the finances or moneys, that comes into his majestie's coffers by costomes
and elce as well in this place as others, for some 100 of myles hereabouts); but now all is
sent away to the armys for his majestie's occasions there. A third cause is the contagious siknesse at Mosco, and the emperour, and the multitudes of people that be at the
warres, there will not be that vent for commodties as otherwise there would be. Moreover
the fourth courrant here arrived two Dutch merchant-shipps, which is alsoe another cause,
that these Russe merchants keepe upp the price of theire goods.
To further particularise and debate on the mercantile affaires would but tediate your
honour in their lecture to noe purpose; therefore I will desist from further insisting on
them, and come to that, which is more proper for your honours cognisance.
Upon the shipp of warr from Holland, that I writt your honour of, that arrived to this
porte with us, they served to convoye some merchant-shipps, and to bring the emperor's
messenger, that was in Holland; there came also upon them about 300 tunnes of aminition
and armes for his imperiall majestie's account, which have bine disimbarked out of those
shipps, & here imbarked on eight greate boates, whoe carry them by river to Vollada; from
thence are to be transported by land, where the emperor hath appointed. For the intire
payment of these armes, there is yet due to the Dutch 10,000 rubbles; this money (which
is 5000 pounds sterling) which summe some Dutch merchants doe here dayly expect payment for the dispeeding of shipps they have here in porte, which cannot be done without
'Tis sayed, that the patriarch of this empire (who hath great power with the emperor)
perswaded his imperial majestye to inhibit the Dutch & other strangers (as hath bin for
some yeeres to the English) to proceed any further into his dominions than this place of
Archangell, and to be put in execution this yeare. Therefore of what will follow in this
particular, I suppose I shall know, before I departe this country.
As for the emperor's progresse in his warrs against the king of Poland, wee cannot
have any certayne relation from these ministers or other Russes. What I learne, that is
apparantly true, is by an Englishman, that's come heather from Smolensco, and departed
thence the 4th August, whoe tells me, that hee saw the emperor there in person, haveing his
quarter a little more distant from the cittie then a cannon-shot, behinde a little hill; that
those in the citty had made a fally forthe on a quarter of the Russes, and killed about 600
of them, which is attributed to the negligence and fault of a Dutch collonel, for which
hee was like to have left his heade, when indeed the fault was in the emperor's general,
(whoe once was his majestie's tutor, and hath the greatest authority with him, and it should
seeme noe great souldier nor captayne) whoe, to save his owne reputation, would willingly
have put his owne fault on that Dutch colonel.
The emperor, at the departure of the Englishman from the leager of Smolensko, had
150,000 men before it, and had sent for as many more; and 30 cannon were on the way
thether from Mosco, which arrivinge there, his majestie intended to storme it. The
Englishe colonels, and other officers of our nation, that serve the emperour in that warr,
doe thinke his majestie will be forced to quit the siege, for the brave defence is made
by those in the cittye, the ill conduct, that is in the emperour's armey, and for the
great want of breade for sustayning the millitia, and forrage for his horse, as maye be
judged by that they have haye and oates brought from Mosco to Smolensko, 500 miles
distant one from the other, and in summe waye will ask a long tyme for the conduct of
such provisions; and the nearest places, that the beleagers of that cittye doe for their forrage,
is 50 or 60 myles off from theire camps.
The king of Poland hath bin at Danzicke; but when the Englishman I speake of
departed the army before Smolensko, it was not knowen where he was.
The sicknesse increaseth at Mosco, and therefore the emprisse is gone further from that
citty, then the place where she was first retired unto.
The secretary, that cometh and goeth betwixt the governor and me for such things as
occurs, hath bine with me, and tells me, they have received a poste from the emperour,
but noe newes more, then that his majestie hath much increased his titles (fn. 1) ; and that before
my departure hence, here will be answer from him of the advise given of my here arrivall.
And this is what I know for present; soe doe humbly take leave your honour, and
Your Honour's moste humble servant,
Archangell, 10. September, 1654.
A letter of intelligence.
Vol. xviii. p. 138.
I wroate you the 15th by waye of Amsterdam, supposing it the safest: this I adventure, upon the word of a merchant here, whoe hath bin imployed since my last, to
ask the magistrate, if C. St. should resolve to staye in their towne this winter, whether
they would give him a free house to live in; but by their answear, they are not verie
desirous of his company. You must know this is only to give occasion to the world to
thinke he will staye in these parts this winter; but be confident he intends for Scotland so
soone as possible he can contrive a means to steal awaye thither; for one, whom I named in
my last letter, is to go alonge with him; and he told me yesterday, that C. St. the night
before assured him, he would make all the haste he could, and he should goe with him;
for he would go through his countrye, (which is the North) where he was acquainted with
his friendes and the wayes. This gentleman and Wilmot goe from hence to Ceullon on
munday nexte; from thence he goes to Rotterdam, and as near as I can gather, Wilmott
for Hamburgh; but they are to meet where I can get from him. I thinke I have learnt
the waye how C. St. designes to steale from his court: he will pretend to goe visitt the
elector of Mentz, in order to solicit his money; only take with him a select company,
and with some two or three of them to steale away. If he doe so, I shall knowe justly
when he goes awaye; but although I may be mistaken in the circumstances, yet in the
mayne you will sinde it true. Now it may be, he will goe into Norway to take shipping,
and so thence from the North; but it is not probable, he will goe further then Hamburg or Lubeck. Collonel Blake goes also with him, not . . . . . . one of them; but
is a remarkable person, and easily to be knowne by any, hath formerly seen them, although
they are . . . . . . . It will be requisite there be a strickt examination of all persons, that
arrive in those parts; but not before I eyther bring you worde, or write you he leaves
these parts, because that would make him fearful to venture that waye, where in my
opinion you may meet with him. One Mr. Armorer, whom I formerly advised you
was in England, is lately come from the North, where he sayes C. St. hath many
friendes. I see the marquis of Ormond take him from court, to discourse privately with
him; when Ormond came againe, he tooke C. St. on a side, and spake with him, which
made me thinke it concerned their voyage. They send as often into Ingland as they
Yesterday they got newes, that Middleton hath defeated Morgan, kill'd and taken
6000 men, and beleager'd general Monck in Sterling. Now all is their owne. They
expect an expres to-daye. They say, he is arrived. I trust 'tis not true. Some Scochmen
themselves will not belive before the express come. Count William of Friesland and his
lady are here, supt last night with C. St. and his sister, whoe show him great respect,
hopinge thereby to gaine a greater interest in him for their family. This is all at present.
I beseech you remember mee.
Aken, 20. September, 1654. [N. S.]
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xviii. p. 165.
By the last weeke's post I gave answer to yours of the 25th August; since which have
not received any from you, or the gentleman you knowe of, other than what you find
inclosed. I believe, that junta is dissolved ere this, and every man shifted his severall
way. If otherwise, and that they have confidence to hold together, and come to some
importinge resolutions, I shall ere next post knowe of it.
The companie's late letter from London to this court was published yesterday; but
nothinge then done upon it, save onely, that those then in power shewed their discontent
at their brethren of London, for writeing such a smart letter to them, haveinge (as they
say) soe fully owned and thanked them for their proceedings in all their former letters. But
upon second thoughts, Mr. Townley this day resigned, and the commissioners chose me
againe to the place of annuall deputie; but before he resigned, he with that court partly
resolved to write letters by this poste to his highnesse and the commissioners at London,
to vindicate themselves; and I suppose, their addresse to his highnesse will passe through
your hands, and that you will please to hold it upp for one poste, till I can have time
(which at present I have not) to give you an account how imsatably they are fallen upon
that course to beget further trouble to the company, and diversion to his highnes. I presume, if their letters be not before the cominge of nexte poste, the businesse ere that
tyme may be composed here, to prevent your further trouble, then onely to suppresse
the letter by their owne consents.
I am very sensible of the goodnesse of my master, and your favour in hasteninge that
command, without which the advice of the company at London would have little avayled.
I hope, now they see to what extremity they had brought the businesse by their needlesse
contestinge, they will not be soe apt hereafter to hazard their open welfare; yet I must
needes say, that by what I have observed in their carriage of the businesse yesterday and
to-day, what they have done seemes rather matter of necessity then choyse; but I hope,
ere another post all things will be quietly settled among them, towards which I shall contribute my utmost endeavours.
I should acquaint you with a foule miscarriage of a yonge man of the company three
dayes since, which if he doe not sutably submit himselfe for, I shall doe it by the nexte.
The inclosed weekely paper gives the occurrences since my laste. The poore Bremers
are but in a sad condition; yet the Swedish resident here assures me, the businesse will be
composed shortly. Which is all at present, and that I am, Sir,
Your very humble servant,
Hambr. 12. September, 1654.
Sir, Pray present the inclosed, with my moste humble service, to his highnesse.
News from Paris to Mr. Stouppe.
September 22. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 157.
Cardinal Mazarin has bought of the marquis of Munican the government of
Fere in Picardy, for 150,000 livres; and therefore the king goes from hence the next
week, to put the cardinal in possession of that place.
The seventeenth of this instant, the king's council was called upon advice sent to court,
that the English fleet at Plymouth intends to land here in three places. Advice confirmed
by Mons. de Bordeaux, embassador in England, that they shall beware of the English, as
having a design upon France. It is not yet known, what resolution is taken by the king
and his council on that matter; but that the duke of St. Simon was the same day commanded by the king to go with speed into his government of Blaye, which he did presently, taking post the same day.
The troops, which the king has drawn out of Guienne, passed last week through Nantz,
to go join Turenne's army, lying about Quesnoy. They did use such hostilities everywhere, that their officers would not suffer them to do the like in the very enemy's country.
The prince of Condé has dismissed upon parole all the captains of the guards, and
other captains, as well of horse as foot, on condition they should do their best to obtain of
his majesty the liberty of all those of his, who are prisoners in the Bastille, Vincennes, and
other prisons elsewhere, not obtaining that liberty to yield themselves prisoners again to the
said prince, within the fifteenth of the next month. All those captains report, that the
prince used them very courteously, and had a special care of the cure of all his prisoners:
that relation pleased the king very well.
Cardinal de Retz is at St. Sebastian's, having made his escape out of France in a fisher's
boat, with two gentlemen, lying all three on their bellies in the bottom, for fear of a discovery. He expects a passport from the king of Spain to go to Venice, and thence to
Florence. He sent lately a packet to his majesty; but it was resolved to send it back without opening it. He wrote also to the duke of Orleans, who did not open his letters; but
sent them to the king with one of his in the said cardinal's behalf, remonstrating his innocence, and praying to be permitted to live in France, and pass the rest of his days at Belleisle, and protesting for him, that being recalled, he shall not meddle with state-affairs. It
is not yet known, what answer the king has made to his uncle; but it is reported, that the
duke and his daughter are like to agree with the court. Believe it, when it is done.
There is a rumour, that the prince of Condé has received great recruits of men; and
that at an encounter, he hath taken upon Turenne eight great pieces, and two hundred
chariots of his baggage; and that he intends to besige Corbie. Time will shew all.
Paris, September 25. 1654. [N. S.]
The twenty-first of this month, the embassadors from Hamburg and Lubeck had
audience of the king, it being their first. The queen and the duke of Anjou were
there; but not the cardinal, by reason of his gout. The king received them very courteously. It is not yet known, wherefore they come.
The 22d the marquis of Faussense of the house of Montmorency was arrested in this
city, by order from the king, being accused to have intelligence with cardinal de Retz,
as being one of his intimate friends: he is in the Bastille.
The 23d the king went hence as far as le Fere, to put the cardinal in possession of the
government, to whom his majesty has given the property of it, with all the duties belonging to it; amongst which there is a forest, called Gaudoiun forest, containing five long
leagues, being of the demaines of the house of Navarre; besides, the king has given him
900,000 livres, to be taken on the forest of Compeigne, to pay him thus the two millions of livres he lent the king, and use of that sum. Thence the king intends for
Mezieres, to take the government of that place from the viscount Lamet, being resolved
to besiege it, as well as Charleville and Mont-Olimpe, in case of resistance. The marquis
of Normoutier, governor of this last, nor Lamet, would not appear at the king's coronation, although they were summoned. The rumour, that was spread, that the marquis
Meilleraye, master of the ordnance, was become a Carthusian, is not true; for he is here,
and follows the king in his voyage. 'Tis thought, that the treaty of his marriage with one
of the cardinal's nieces, is renewed. The king had no mind to go to la Fere; but the
cardinal pressed him by the consideration, that his presence or armes must reduce those
unto his obedience, who swerve from their duty.
The king of Sweden's brother is expected in this city, where he intends to stay, and
hence to pass into Italy and Constantinople.
The 22d the council of state gave a desinitive sentence between the Papists and the
Protestants of Sancerres, by which these last, although very much less in number than the
other, have been condemned to pay three in four parts of all taxes and impositions,
either ordinary or extraordinary, thus to force them to their habitations. They have
informed all the Protestant churches of this kingdom of this high injustice.
The 23d, as the king was ready to go into his coach for his voyage, the provost merchants and the sheriffs, with six companies of merchants, presented themselves before the
king; and, being all upon their knees, one made an oration of half an hour, in which
the people's misery was represented unto him, by reason of the great and daily charge
of taxes assess'd on them, and particularly upon out-works and laces, either of Genoa or
Flanders, and of gold and silver; which impositions cause a decrease in all trades; and so
ruin many workmen. The speech being ended, the king put off his hat, and made them
rise, and assured them, he would see them satisfied in those things. In going from the
king, they met the queen, who let them know in harsh language, she was not well pleased
they had spoken to his majesty without her and the cardinal. This has lately bought
the marquisdom of Neslé between Peronne and Fere, one of the sinest in all France, having
seven or eight gentlemen for vassals. 'Tis not yet known what he gave for it.
A letter of intelligence.
Aken, 22. Sept. 1654.
Vol. xviii. p. 222.
Yours the 11th instant I received, stylo novo, with the bills of exchange, which came
moste seasonable; but the rate is extreame, that I shall not gett here or in Cologne;
for eighty pounds paye there but 320 dollars, a dollare being here no more then 4 s. 6 d.
by which I loose eight pounds. However, I am glad to receave any thinge, being in
want and in debt. While this lasts, I shall wayt here diligentlie, or where R. C. shall be;
you may be assured, to improve what you desire.
Here arrived last night from Bruxells the bishop of Derry and Thom. Talbot. They
came together, and their businesse, I thinke, is not much more then to followe the court.
Heere is yett grave William of Nassau. It is said here, that he and Wilmot will goe
together to the emperor, and the rest of the princes of Germanie. Friday last R. C.
with count William of Nassau, and the lord Wilmott alone in one coach, with some of
their traine, went to take the ayre; they three were in a little field for four houres together in conference. The same day Ormond, Sir Edward Hyde, and Daniel Oneil went
to Maestricke, but returned hither upon sunday last.
To the best of my intelligence, the rest of the provinces but Holland are to bring in
the emperor, and to deliver their strong places, and to submit to him upon good conditions, least they be curbed by your protector, or the province of Holland. R. C. shall
have auxiliaria sufficient, and shall be in capite. I have this from some able persons in this
cittie, and from some of R. C. his dependents. That night R. C. returned, and with the
rest was very merry at night. The nexte day R. C. sent the lord Taaf to invite them to
dinner, where they were more merrie. Yesterday they went all to a cloister of regular
Chanonesies neere this town, where they were dancing, and as merrie as men could be. I
have the honour to be present at these sports.
R. C. expects to receave part of his contributions in this cittie. They will buy armes
and powder, to send into Scotland; which they resolve not to give over, but pursue
it close this winter. You may be assured, this is their resolution; let them, that are concerned, prevent it as well as they can, and tymelie.
There is something else brewing, and ways contriving to gett infinita auxilia. Ormond
with his ingeneers are working this; of which I hope to give more by the nexte poste.
It is yett uncertaine, what day R. C. shall departe from hence to Cologne. If he stayes
longe, I must goe to Cologne, my bills being consigned thither.
Here I send you a neu list of such chief persons, that are here of the three nations.
Haveinge not more at present, I am,
The lord Wilmot, alias earl of Rochester.
Chancellor Sir Edward Hyde.
Bishop of Derry.
Sir Henry De Wicke.
Sir John Mennis.
Sir Gilbert Talbot.
The lord Goring.
The lord Newburg.
Sir Alexander Humes.
Coll. St. John Anderson.
Lieut. coll. Ogleby.
All the rest are gentlemen, and cavaliers, and servants.
In this liste I doe not mention them, that belong to the princess
royal, &c. being very many men, and some women.
A letter of intelligence from Mr. Augier's secretary.
Paris, 23. Sept. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 171.
I Have but little news to add unto my last, both by reason the letters from Catalonia,
Provence, and Italy are not yet come, as also the court parting this morning to go and
lie at Nanteuil, and from thence to Soiffons. The public entertainments have on this
occasion made way unto those of particular affairs.
Cardinal Mazarin hath above this week kept his bed of the gout; but he is now in a
condition to follow the king.
There is no likelihood, that the design is to frame a siege; and by reason the English
armadoes are of great weight, 'tis thought they will content themselves to quarter, if
possible, in the enemy's country, and to change the governors of Mont-Olimpe and Mezieres, who are not too sure unto his eminency, and may be suspicious unto his majesty,
because they are partizans, and (if I am not deceived) kinsmen to the cardinal of Retz.
We can tell no certainty of that fugitive cardinal, save only, that the king's attorney
general presented yesterday complaints from his majesty in the vacation-chamber of this
parliament, to inform of his landing and march into an enemy's country, that his processmay be made, as the case should happen, &c. Whereupon Mr. Ferran and another
member of the assembly were commanded and deputed to make the said informations, with
the help of such officers of peace, as need shall be. A merry confident to the same cardinal
has for that cause a few days since been clapt in the Bastille.
General Fleetwood to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xviii. p. 169.
Coll. Hammond, Mr. Goodwin, and coll. Tomlinson are lately arrived heare, and I
hope will prove a blessing to this poore land. Since their cominge, they have had a
state of our treasury, and the necessity of supplies from England; though to reduce both
civill and military list, we shall goe as farr as safety will permitt and suffer us, though you
have deferred the tyme so late, that it will be very hard with thos, who shall be reduced
this winter time, the condition of Ireland being to live much upon their potatoe-gardens,
which now they cannot; but now they come into places, wheare they have nothinge to
live upon: besides, we cannot sett them out their proportions of lands for their arrears,
being not surveyed. Many other considerations ther are, and reasons might be urged;
but I shall be glade to do what I can to ease the publick. I shall intreat you will labour
to let me understand my lord protector's sence about this businesse, and what apprehensions you may have from lord Harry's parts of any designings upon Ireland; also that I
may know what is intended out of England for our monthly supply. We must expect no
more than 10,000 l. from Ireland towards its charge. My haste must excuse this rudnes,
Sept. 13. [1654.]
Your affectionate friend,
and humble servant,
A letter of intelligence.
La Cittate, 15/25. Sept. 1654.
Vol. xviii. p. 194.
Before this wayte on you, I doubt not but Mr. Longland's will have acquainted
you with his haveinge dispatched mee to Toulon upon occasions of your service;
wherein, for the first character of my zeale, I thinke it not fitt to omitt to present you
with this relation, which I mett with at la Cittate, a port-towne in Provence, five leagues
Soth-westward of Thoulon, where I am just now arrived, and necessarily to stay two dayes
at the least, before I goe to Thoulon. The substance is this; that the fleete at Thoulon
consists of fifteen vessels of warr, and six gallys, all fully ready to goe to sea: the number
of souldiers about 15,000; the designe generally conceived to be Italy, and peradventure
Naples, however caution be used to hush the noice thereof amongst the people. The
confirmative arguments are these:
That they have embarqued 4000 bridles and saddles, as many pair of boots, as many
pair of pistolls, and as many musketoons; and principally they have five-and-twenty Neapolitan gentlemen of condition, all invested with principal charges amongst them.
But that, which opposes this, and gives suspicion they intend for Millan, is theire
having sent a body between 20 and 30,000 men into Piemont, 5000 whereof are horse;
which are sayd to have occupated and secured all the passes and inletts that way.
Upon the whole, it is generally believed, that the forces will to sea within eight or ten
dayes at the farthest, being unfurnished with nought but onlie some secret and positive
orders from the court. And this is all upon that subject, till I come to the place, whence
you shall have all much more certainly, and more particularly, by the first opportunity.
As in relation to myselfe, I will forbeare to importune you with a narration of what I
am, or what my employment hath hitherto been, and where; only thus much, that I am
the same person, who was dispatched by authoritie in England two years ago to the dyet
at Ratisbon, and continued there till the subrogation of that authoritie. I silence the frequent attempts made upon my life there, and the miseryes I have suffered since for my
zealous affections and endeavours to God's present cause, differring it till I have the honour
to be personally knowne to you; and humbly remitt you to Mr. Tho. Scott (if you finde
it requisite) for my name, &c. which yet I humbly also desire may be kept intyrely secret.
Within a moneth at the farthest I shall be returned (God willing) to Mr. Longland, in
whose hands I should be glad to find your orders addressed to mee, under the name, which
I heer borrow to subscribe myselfe with sincere respect and reverence,
Your most humble, most faithfull,
and most obedient (though
Ferdinand vander Haghen.
Extract of a letter from Aken, of the 25th of September, 1654. N. S. to Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburgh.
Vol. xix. p. 283.
George Waites is still here, with col. March a grand Catholic, who is to go with
him for your parts, to buy arms. I conceive the main reason of their stay is want of
money, which is very scarce amongst them. None of the German money yet come in,
than what was paid Willmot (titled earl of Rochester) by the elector of Mentz, at his
coming from Ratisbon to Francfort. There are letters sent to all the princes, to give
them notice, how acceptable and seasonable their contribution would be at this conjuncture of time; but no answer come from any of them. There is an express come from
Scotland, says, Middleton is in no despicable condition, nor in a very good; for his men
began to be weary, and so he hath given them leave to go home to rest until winter,
having admonish'd them to retain their loyal affections, and to be ready against winter,
when their king would be there. This relation, with what he says of the last rencounter,
is not very acceptable at court. However, they strive to please themselves with fansying
themselves in a hopeful condition. The king is resolved for Scotland, so soon as his
moneys come in, and he can conveniently get away: for this purpose there are already
some of his party sent abroad to prepare the way; I suppose through England thither.
I have heard some discourse, that it may be he may take shipping, either at your town,
or at Lubeck, privately: but I do not hear Waites is acquainted with this design, there
being very few know of it. The next week the king and his sister go for Cologne,
where he leaves her. She returns for Holland, and he comes back hither, where he will
stay until further resolutions, which at present are very mutable.
[This was from another friend there.]
A letter of Boreel, the Dutch embassador in France.
Vol. xvii. p. 198.
The lords commissioners of the Hans-towns have declared themselves in the quality
of embassadors in this court, and have demonstrated, that they were admitted in that
quality by king Henry the fourth; received and concluded a treaty with that title; that
they were received and acknowledged in the court of the emperor as embassadors; neither
were they received in Spain more nor less than other embassadors of what state soever.
The alledging of these examples had some force here, and the said lords were received
here as embassadors by the count de Berlise master of the ceremonies, and brought to an
audience before the king, who sat in a chair with his hat on; and when they approached,
his majesty rose up, and took off his hat a little, and put it on again, and then sat down
again, and heard the speech and proposition of the said embassadors, who were all the while
bare-headed: which being ended, they took their leave; and then the king took off his
hat again, sitting still in the chair. The embassadors did desire amongst the rest the
renewing of the alliance made by this crown with the Hans-towns, and formerly renewed
with Henry IV. anno 1604. Whereupon commissioners are appointed to treat with them
in the absence of the court, who are the lords of Brienne, Aligre, and Bignon, advocate
general of the king in the parliament of Paris.
I, nor other embassadors, could not have access to the lord cardinal, to make our propositions. He sent a gentleman to me, to excuse it, by reason of his indisposition.
Paris, 25. Sept. 1654. [N. S.]
Chanut, the French embassador in Holland, to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
Hague, Sept. 25. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 190.
I Give you most humble thanks for the handsome relation you were pleased to give on
the meeting of your parliament. There was none in this country, that had such an
exact relation of it. It was published there, that the lord protector would take upon himself a new title, before the sitting of the parliament. Some do suppose now, that this
parliament will have the same issue, that the foregoing had. We are only spectators in the
affairs of another: in ours, wherein lieth our real interest, I could have wish'd, that the
success had been as speedy as I did expect it. I was deceived this time; but because I
will be so no more, I will henceforward follow the opinion, that you shall be of, and in
no-wise the appearances and the common report, which most an end proceed from the
relations of the lords embassadors of this state a few days since, and upon what was presupposed, that you had concluded. I was spoken unto by one of the chiefest lords of
this state, concerning the peace, which you had made. The two propositions formerly
hinted unto you were reiterated unto me by him. I gave him the same answer as before,
and such as I had order for from the court.
The business of Bremen is in a fairer way and condition of accommodation at present,
than it was before that the Swedes had taken the fort of Bourg de Breme, and redeemed
their reputation in being routed. Koningsmark hath forced them to yield upon discretion; and all the neighbouring princes interposing for a peace, and a senator of Sweden
Mr. de Rosenhan being come expresly for this negotiation, will not conclude the same,
before that time doth form the return of the Swedish soldiery into their country.
If the queen of Sweden doth send me a pass to make use of the permission, which the
court hath given me to go and salute her at Antwerp, I will not fail at my return to give
you a description of what I shall have seen, since you desired it, and that you have power
to order me, through the passion which I have to deserve your love; and that our correspondence may not be altogether included in the necessity of the service of our master.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Hague, 25. Sept. 1654. [N. S.]
Vol. xviii. p. 220.
Since my last to you of this day sevenight, I could not collect more than what followes of any importance.
The deputies of the admiraltie of these provinces assembled here have given their
opinions to the states generall, touchinge the piracy of the French the 22 instant in this
manner: First, that their mightie highnesses send their letters and commands to the
embassador Boreel, chardginge him to doe all good offices with the kinge of France, that
his majestie would be pleased to give strict orders to his governors of provinces and maritime townes, to cleere the seas from such pyrats, by sendinge ships of war against them,
or by some other meanes. Secondlie, they give their opinion, that the shipps of warre
of that commonwealth, sayleing in convoy with merchant-shipps, (after leaving them safe
in their ports, whilst they are unloading and reloading) shall goe to sea, and seeke after
these pyrates, by all the meanes they can, to destroy and subdue them.
To this opinion, after due deliberation, all the provinces assented. The said deputies
gave also their opinion for all Portugal vessels taken, to be lawful prises hencefoorth. All
the provinces assented thereto; onlie Holland presented to their consideration, that divers
merchands of theirs had manie goodes in Portugal, &c.
The said deputies the same day gave also their opinion, that the ambassador Boreel
should have orders to insist with the king of France for restitution of some shipps taken
lately by the French corfaires, and brought into Rochel; also, that he should pursue with
the said king the maritime treatys, as the precedent were.
The 22d instant likewise the committee of the respective colledges, upon the resolution of their mightie highnesses, the fifth of the same month, and other former resolutions, gave in their opinion to the states general, that the placart against the English
manufacture, of the third of January, 1653. should not be repealed: but notwithstanding, for trade and conveniency sake, that entrance should be made for the English manufacture (without takeing notice of the placaert) it was practised with England before and
after the war; and that it should be written de novo to the ambassadors in England, that
they finish with all possible expedition the maritime treaty, begun with his highnes the
lord protector; and to procure particularly, that the act made in England concerning
navigation, to the greate prejudice of these countries, may be annulled. All the provinces
have assented to this advice.
These states are ill satisfied with a letter of the kinge of Denmark of the twenty-fourth
of August last, olde stile, written to their highnesses; the substance of which is, that his
majestie doth not thinke himselfe obliged to pay any thinge to the states generall, as by
them desyred, for the English shipps or goods by him disposed of, till that first the
English restore and recompence to his subjects, what ships and goods were taken from
them dureinge the tyme of war with England. This may breed some difference among
them: the Dane will not loose any thinge by the matter.
These states are resolved to give an answere to that king's letter, concerninge the
restitution and compensation, which they doe pretend for the shipps and goods, which
he has solde, belonginge to the English.
These dayes past some different libels were dispersed against the prince of Orange and
The disputes continue betwixt the province about judginge the officers of Brazil, as
you have in my former letters. Noe more this weeke from,