January (3 of 4)
Henry Cooke of Bromsgrove in the county of Worcester carrier, aged forty four years, or thereabouts, being examined January 10, 1654, saith as followeth.
V. xxii. p. 285.
He saith that he is carrier betwixt Bromsgrove aforesaid and London, and so hath been
for above twenty years, lodging at his coming to London at the White–hart at St.
Giles's in the Fields. And that about a month ago, being the last time he was in London
before this, he received at the said inn two deal chests fastned with cross bars of the same
stuff, a trunk, a small box, and some fruit trees, to be carried to the house of sir Henry
Littleton at Hagley in the said county of Worcester, and for the use of the said sir Henry,
the said two chests being about four foot long, and three broad, weighing about 3/4 of a
hundred, and the said little box weighing about ½ of a hundred, which particulars were
brought in a cart to the said inn by one mr. Lloyd, who formerly belonged to the old lady
Littleton, and now lives, as he the examinate thinks, about London, and lately about
Covent Garden; but where his dwelling is, he knows not, nor doth he know the carman
who carried the same. And he farther saith, that all the particulars he the examinate delivered at Hagley house aforesaid some four days before Christmas last to the said sir Henry's
steward, whose name is mr. Bowles, sir Henry himself being then at home; and received
from the said stteward 25 s. for the carriage thereof. But what was contained in the said
parcels he the examinate knows not, nor hath heard. And other goods than the particulars
above–mentioned he hath not, for the space of about 1/2 a year, carried to the said sir Henry
his house, or for the use of him, or any relation to him, to his knowledge. And he farther saith, that the same carriage he laded for sir John Packington, to be delivered at his
house at Westwood in Worcestershire, a rundlet of wine, a pair of tables, and a small
box of sugar (as he takes it) all weighing about a hundred and a half. And besides those
goods he hath not carried any goods for sir John Packington and his family this half year
now past, to his remembrance, nor hath he of late carried any goods of bulk to any gentleman thereabouts for this half year and more, as he remembers.
This examination taken by me,
The mark of
Henry [ ] Cooke.
General Monck to secretary Thurloe.
V. xxii. p. 307.
I Received your letter dated the 6th of January, and I am glad to heare the newes of the
timely discovery of the designes in England, and that there is noe further of them. I
am confident heere will bee noe danger.
Concerning the examining of the prisoners, the trueth is, wee find out more daily of
the matter, whereon to examin them; soe that we shall now uppon their examinations,
which shal be speedily taken, have more to examen them in, then at their commitall
wee had. I shall desire you to move his highness, that advocat Whalley may bee speeded
downe, for wee shall have much busines for one, and there is none heere. The earle of
Seafort hath this day articled with me for the comeing in of himselfe and his partie;
soe that none is now left to joyne with Middleton but Glengary and Mac Clowde.
Middleton hath sent to capitulat. I doubt wee shall not agree. I would not nor shall
not agree to a cessation of armes in the mean tyme, nor shall I make any conclusion with
him, without receiving his highnesse's commands. I thinke fit to send you this (fn. 1) inclosed
letter (sent to one who is come in uppon articles) that you may see Middleton's resolution
even in this tyme, when hee desires a treaty. I remaine,
Dalkeith, January 11,
Sir, your most affectionat servant,
Mr. Augier to secretary Thurloe.
V. xxii. p. 303.
I have not yett received my nephew's occurrences of the 16/6 instant, which he is
wont to send me by the post, which parts from Paris saturday nights. I heare from
other hands, that the pope is dead, and that the contestations are very great att Rome about
a new election, cardinall of Retz endeavouring for the Spaniards, which have granted him
one hundred thousand crownes yearely.
Mr. de Neusville, ambassador of France, will have by this post the newes of the death
of Mr. de Bourdeaux his father. I remaine alwaies,
The 11th of Jan. 1654. [N. S.]
your honour's most humble
and obedient servant.
Mr. Daniel Watson to capt. Geo. Palmer.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 493.
Thomas Browne acquainteinge mee with his order for apprehension of Bird, mr. Walter
Vernon's man, whome not beinge (as hee informes mee) to be founde, his earnest
desire to mee is to give you a short relation of what I heard from him in reference to
captain Vernon, which is briefely thus: comeinge to mr. Walter Vernon at the Starre at
Burton, after some interlocutory discourse, hee acquainted me with the suspition he had
of captain Vernon's sendinge the armes (then seised) to his house. I demanded what
grounds he had for it; hee answered, that his man Birde was at Sudbury on fridaye last,
where captain Vernon commanded him to remember his service to his master, and tell
him, that he had trunkes comeinge downe from London by this carrier, and that they
would come to his house, and desire him to keepe them safe, untill hee called or sent for
them; which the said Bird, beeinge then present, and beeinge called, affirmed to be true.
Some other questions and answers then past, which my present hast will not give leave to
particularize: this is the substance. I care not further to trouble you, but to assure you, that
Seeney, Jan. 11, 1654.
Your frind to serve you,
A letter of intelligence.
V. xxii. p. 315.
Last poste I was soe surprized in time, that I could nott then salute you, and I believe some such obstruction mett with you last weeke, that I had nothinge from you.
I am in earnest expectation of hearinge from England, and much wonder nothinge
comes. Pray God your friend bee in London, and well. I desire you to informe
your selfe and me as soone as you can. We have been all here for two or three posts
in the like wonder, untill sunday last brought us letters, though opened. You will find
mr. Mews and major Straughan att Amsterdam ere this in their severall wayes for Scottland, butt this must be a secret. We expect returnes of one or both att the begininge
of March, and then measures will be taken what to doe. You may be sure you knowe
as much as I, and have me a true friend to serve you. The duke of Newburgh's
lady is brought a bed of a daughter, and last saterday a gentleman from the duke was
sent to his majestie to greete him with that knowledge; and yesterday sir Gilbert Talbott
was sent to congratulate, though mr. Belinge 3 days before was sent about other busines
you may guesse at. The duke of Gloster beinge something indisposed att Antwerpe,
dr. Friezar is sent to him by the kinge. Tom Howard is here from the princesse
royal. Sir Henry Ducie hath beene here som time, which I forgot to tell you of,
where lies a story concerninge mrs. Barlo, sed tace. You may knowe more hereafter. Shee is
here with her yonge heire. The kinge of Denmarke we heare will have Hamburgh as much
at his devotion as the Sweede Breme. I believe Lubeck and other places must expect
a little tutoringe too, those 2 kings, Holdstein, Lunenburgh, and other princes beinge
joyned in the designe, and some say the emperor consentinge, and that this was hatched
att the dyett, to bringe downe the pride and riches of these places, that would neither
contribute to our master nor Cæsar: soe who laments them ? not I. We expect stirrs in
England. Verbum sat.&c. Sir, I am
Collen, Jan. 12, 1655. [N. S.]
Your most faithfull servant,
Nieuport, the Dutch embassador in England, to the states general.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, since my last of the 5/15 instant, the parliament has been still busy in the
fore and afternoons with the resumption of the articles and incidents concerning the
government, as also touching the manner of delivering to his highness, the lord protector,
those resolutions that are ingrossed. Some were of opinion, that the same ought to be carried to Whitehall by a deputation; others, that his highness ought to be desired, for that
purpose, to come to the house, or in a chamber thereabouts, but this point is reserved to
be the last. There have been also divers debates concerning the title of the said act, when
it was at last resolved, that the same should be called, an act declaring and establishing the
government of the commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, with the dominions
belonging thereunto, and that the same should be published in the name of his highness
the lord protector and the parliament of the said commonwealth, without any preamble or
introduction. Further there have been prepared sundry separate acts, and among the rest,
one, whereby it is ordered, that out of the finances and publick income, besides the two hundred thousand pounds per annum, for the maintenance of justice, and the court of the
lord protector payable to the order of his highness and the council, there shall further be
paid for the keeping of the fleet, armies, and other charges of the state, ten hundred
thousand pounds; and that the tax of sixty thousand pounds per month shall be employed
for the payment of the debts and former arrears, and of the troops which now are to be
disbanded. The day before yesterday on a motion, whether the said act, before the same
should pass, ought not to be previously communicated to his highness the lord protector,
in a conference, as a projected resolution, it was agreed by a majority of votes, that this
should not be done, but that the same, being passed, should only be delivered. There is
arrived here a letter from general Pen, dated the 8th instant, new style, being at that time
35 Dutch miles south of the Lizard Point. Yesterday I was credibly informed, that great
preparations and diligence are made to fit out, with all expedition, to sea a new squadron of
60 ships under Disbrowe and vice–admiral Lawson, among which the great Naseby and
other new built ships are reckoned. It is said, that some dissatisfied officers of the army in
Scotland intended to separate themselves from the other troops, and march into England;
but that general Monck has given such orders in time, that the chief of them are taken
into custody. And major general Overton, who was to have had the chief command, is
coming hither in the frigate called Basinge. They are still here upon the search, and daily
more persons are discovered, which are said to be guilty of the last plot. The embassador
extraordinary of Genoa had last saturday his solemn and publick audience in the great hall
of Whitehall, and was entertained till sunday night; he has rendered me thanks by a gentleman, for sending him the coach at the time of his reception, and offered me his sincere
friendship and good correspondence; whereupon I made yesterday my compliments at his
house at Chelsea. The embassador of France had been there the day before; he received me with all the civilities, which your high mightinesses embassadors receive of any
other publick ministers. He finds his dwelling–house so inconvenient, as he told me, that
he is resolved next week to come to another house in town; he is an able man, that has
travelled much, and is skilled in several languages.
Westminster, Jan. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
High and mighty lords,
Nieupoort to the greffier Ruysch.
Last night I was informed, that after the breaking up of the parliament, so many
lords of the council met, by order of his highness the lord protector, that the memorials I have presented, together with the proofs (touching some ships belonging to the
inhabitants of the united Netherlands, which were taken by some privateers, and carried
into a small harbour of Cornwall about 200 hundred miles from hence) were read, and the
same being taken into consideration, it was resolved, that the said ships and goods should
be discharged, as their high mightinesses will be pleased to observe, out of the order of the
council hereunto annexed, which I took out this morning. The said privateers commit
their exorbitances with the more boldness in those far distant places, because there are no
officers or magistrates, that have any great authority, which hinders those poor people, that
they cannot acquaint their high mightinesses ministers here at London, with their complaints. Wherefore, I think, that it would be proper, in order to be the better informed,
from time to time, of what happens in the West of England and in the Channel, that at
Falmouth, Plymouth, Portsmouth, and Dover respectively, some able persons that understand both languages should be appointed, who in the name of their high mightinesses
should be desired and authorised, to assist the inhabitants of the united Netherlands, that
should happen to be carryed to, or arrive at the said harbours, or at any other places adjacent
to the same, and to hinder, as much as possible, that no prejudice and injury might be done
to them; and further, that the said persons should send timely notice of all such occurrences to the ministers of their high mightinesses here, of what ships arrive at or sail from
the said places, and of all that may happen there. I am told, that there is at Falmouth
a merchant called Methuys, and at Plymouth one mr. William Jones, whose father had
many years ago that office, as also that at Portsmouth lives one mr. Wheeler, and at Dover
a merchant called de Hase, which persons, I believe, might be persuaded to it, enjoying
for their troubles a yearly salary of 25 or 30 pounds sterling.
On monday last a further answer was sent to the lord de Neufville, wherewith these gentlemen here thought his excellency would be satisfied; but I am since informed, that there
are some few words in the same, which he declares he could not admit, and I have heard
from himself in general terms, that the said answer gave him no satisfaction; yet it is believed, that an expedient will be found out, in case France is sincerely inclined to it. Mr.
Thurloe has sent to me this evening the chief act, whereby the privateers, of whom I
have complained, are ordered to appear here before the council: he ordered me to be
ask'd, if I would leave the execution thereof to his direction, or if I would appoint another person for that purpose. I thanked him for the trouble he had taken, and told him, that
I would communicate the said act to the agents of the interressed, and send him word.
This I thought proper to do, since I am informed, that the masters of the ships have made
under hand, as to the proprietors of the ladings, another declaration in favour of the privateers, and quite otherwise than what I first heard, and represented in my memorial.
Westminster, Jan. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
My lord, &c.
Boreel, the Dutch embassador at Paris, to the states general.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, the affair of Herentals and Courtray causes a great deal of discourse here, and
they wish that the season of the year might be a little further advanced, in order to
procure powerful materials for the spiriting up of disorders. They talk secretly, that a great
many other places intend to follow the same example.
A strong convoy is preparing here to be sent under the command of monsr. de Chastellau
Mauvesiere to Quesnoy, to provide and stock anew the said town and the garrison, that
lays there, with all necessaries, since they think it a convenient and advantageous place,
to keep always a door open for an irruption into the heart of the Spanish provinces. Provisions are made likewise, to maintain the fort called Barleau on the river Lys, lately taken
from the Spaniards by count Broglio, governor of la Basse, since from thence and from
the French garrisons and the incursions of the same, great harm may be done in Flanders.
The said count is arrived here at court with intent to propose and to concert the most
suitable means and expedients, which may be serviceable and undertaken for that purpose.
According to the newest accounts from Brabant, the prince of Condé was still at
Brussels, and the baron de Bouteville is expected at London, to communicate and to concert the joint designs against France. They have here no great opinion, that the depending differences between France and England will be accommodated by an agreement.
Monsr. Bordeaux, intendant of the finances of France, and father of monsr. de Neufville
the embassador of the king at London, died here lately, and the said embassador, it is said,
has for this reason, obtained leave to come here from thence, with an intent of this court, as
some will have, to break intirely off the negotiations there; others say, that a person of
greater distinction will be sent thither from here. They are quite uneasy here to bear with
any more prejudices and affronts.
The mediators of a peace between France and Spain, viz. the pope's nuncio and the
embassador of Venice, that are here at Paris and at Madrid, have been busy again to bring
about their offers of mediation; but something or other is always wanting, so that a good
effect thereof is as much doubted as ever; in the mean while both parties declare, that they
are intirely inclined for peace. Here is news from Spain, that the English fleet under admiral Blake being arrived in the bay of Cadiz, and afterwards at Gibraltar, an agreement
was there made with them by the commissaries from the court of Spain, that the said
English fleet should go into Spanish service, receiving for the same . . . . . per month.
The said fleet arrived in the bay of Naples, eight days after the departure of the duke
of Guise, whom (having stayed a little while to refresh themselves) they have followed immediately till about Leghorn and the island of Elva, where, according to the freshest advice from Genoa, the English fleet did still continue, without giving any great jealousy to
the grand duke of Tuscany, against whom the English shew some discontent.
Since the English fleet under admiral Pen was seen at Rosco, steering their course to
the west, there is no nearer advice, but only that they said in England, that the design
was to land in Conquet, not far from Brest. I have with great pains and troubles obtained
an order of the council of the king, whereby the captains d'Ayne and Hautfuille, who
took the ship called the Hope van Floor, commanded by Peter Crynssen alias the Grand
Turk, are condemned to make restitution (being wrongfully seized) of the said ship with all
her appurtenances, merchandises, and goods laden therein, as also to pay costs, damages,
and interest. Which last clause I have as yet not been able to obtain: I will do my best to
bring the same into execution, and will now go on further to give orders to prosecute the
reparation criminal and civil against the said captains, for the villainous and cruel murther,
committed on the person of the said Peter Crynssen, and will spare no trouble for that
purpose, since justice demands an example to be made for such a barbarous crime.
Paris, Jan. 22, 1655. [N. S.]
high and mighty lords, &c.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to Chanut the French embassador in Holland.
January 22/12, 1654/5.
The news of this day will advise you, that the end of my negotiation doth approach.
Yesterday I asked audience to take my leave of the protector; and as soon as it is
given me, I will take the way of France. It shall not be without giving you advice
by the next ordinary, and without adding most humble thanks for the honour of your
correspondence. It doth seem, to judge by appearances, that my lord protector ought
not to let me go for want of expressing that in the article, which his commissioners do
agree to be inserted; but without doubt he is driven by some particular consideration,
which is unknown to me, to maintain a division with France. God grant, that he may
prove a bad merchant, and that he may repent hereafter of not accepting of the good
affections of the king, and that he may be forced to make as many advances, as he hath
received on my part. I must of necessity comfort myself with this imagination, that I
have used all my endeavours, care, and little industry, to execute the orders of the court.
However I shall stand in need of such favourable witnesses and judges, as yourself and
mr. Picot. He hath great reason to begin by you to render me those good offices, and to
believe, that if you be once persuaded, you will easily persuade many others. I have cause
to hope, that he will prosper in his design, after so many testimonies, which I have received
of your love. The parliament have not yet finished their deliberations upon the government.
Their time is almost expired, and unless they make haste in their act, they will not have
twenty days left for the protector to consider of it.
Here hath been a plot discovered, which was to have been, as is said, a general rising
in the counties. Many are imprisoned about it, and many arms are said to be sound in
gentlemen's house in the counties. Some commotion there hath been in the army of Scotland, and major general Overton and some officers of the anabaptist party are imprisoned.
Yet notwithstanding their imprisonment there hath not happened any rising in their behalf.
Here is no news of general Pen. It is still said, he is gone for America. Some speak of
the island St. Laurence. As for Blake, I see by the letters from our court, that he is gone as
far as Naples, and hath shewn very much discontent to have mist of the duke of Guise.
Examination of Walter Vernon, esq.
Walter Vernon of Stokely Park in the county of Stafford, esq; aged sixty five years or
thereabouts, being examined January 12, 1654. faith as followeth.
He faith, that going from his house at Stokely Park on sunday morning the 30th of
December last to his brother sir Edward Vernon's house at Sudbury in the county of
Derby, where he was to meet mr. Edward Browne of Bentley in the same county, in order
to a farther journey to sir Thomas Milward about a difference betwixt the said mr. Browne
and his brother William, which was referred to the examinate and mr. Robert Milward as
arbitrators, and to sir Thomas Milward as umpire; and staying there that day till dinner
time, in expectation of one mr. Gilbert an attorney, with whom the examinate had business;
and dining with the said sir Edward Vernon, together with the said mr. Edward Browne, he
heard at Sudbury aforesaid by a messenger from Stokely in the afternoon of that day, that
some trunks had been that day brought to his house at Stokely Park, which had been opened
there by some soldiers, who came with the carrier that brought them; but what was found in
them, he heard not. And thereupon the examinate relinquishing his purpose of going on to
sir Thomas Milward's, repaired that night to his house, and received notice by his children, that
some trunks and boxes had been brought into the court of his the examinate's house the same
day, and there broke open by some soldiers; and that there were in them guns, pairs of pistols,
some carbines, and one very fine pair of pistols; and that those, who brought the said trunks
and boxes, presently carried them away; but he saith he saw none of the said trunks or
boxes, nor was he before hand advised of any intention in any person whatsoever, to send
such trunks or boxes to his the examinate's house, or to any other place; nor doth he know
from whom they were sent, nor upon what occasion. And that the next morning being
required by an officer (by virtue of his highness's warrant) to accompany him to Burton
upon Trent, he went accordingly, and at Burton he heard from Cornet Thomlinson of a
letter directed to him the examinate, signed by one Green, that accompanied these
trunks; but who that Green or other person that sent the said letter is, he knows not, nor
can he suppose or imagine. And he farther faith, that he knows not, nor hath been informed of any design whatsoever in any person to make any publick disturbance, nor for
what purpose the said arms were intended.
This examination taken by me,
The letter to mr. Vernon.
December 24, 1654.
Though a stranger to you, at the request of a friend of yours, I have made bold to
send by Lowe, the carrier of Burton, some things, which he desires you would receive, until he come and demand them. I believe before this come to your hands, you
have been advised thereof by the party himself, who I am, and withal shall be,
Sir, your most humble servant,
Edmund Browne of Hungry Bentley in the county of Derby gent. aged forty
five years or thereabouts, being examined this 12th day of Jannary 1654. saith as
He faith, that he went from his house at Bentley on friday the 29th of December
last in the afternoon to the house of sir Edward Vernon at Sudbury in the county of
Derby three miles from the examinate's house, where he met with mr. Walter Vernon the
same day, about a matter in difference betwixt this examinate and his brother William
Browne, which was referred to mr. Walter Vernon and mr. Robert Milward as arbitrators,
and sir Thomas Milward as umpire; and not finding mr. Walter Vernon there that friday
(according to his appointment) the examinate staid that night at sir Edward Vernon's house,
and the next morning, being saturday the 30th of December last, the said mr. Walter Vernon came also to sir Edward Vernon's house, they both intending that day to have gone
to the said sir Thomas Milward's house, being about three miles distance from Sudbury;
but mr. Vernon being staid there in expectation of one mr. Gilbert an attorney till past
noon; the examinate and the said mr. Walter Vernon dined that day with sir Edward
Vernon, there dining with them also the two sons of sir Edward, viz. mr. Edward and
mr. John Vernon, and his daughters, and no other strangers, as he remembers; and being
in the afternoon informed by the said mr. Vernon, that he could not proceed to sir Thomas
Milward's that day, the examinate repaired the same evening to his house at Hungry
Bently, hearing mr. Walter Vernon resolved to stay at Sudbury till monday morning then
following; and on that day to meet the examinate at sir Thomas Milward's. And when
the examinate came to his own house, as aforesaid, he found soldiers in his house, and in
his hall a trunk standing, which, as he was informed by the soldiers, was directed to this
examinate, being brought from London by one Allen of Ashburn, which trunk, he was
also informed, had been opened by the soldiers at his this examinate's house; and that several pistols and holsters were found therein; but he saw not the pistols or holsters (other
than one of them, as he was informed, in a soldier's hand) the trunk being made up again
ere this examinate's coming home. And this examinate enquiring of his wife, if any letter were brought with the said trunk, his wife delivered him one, which she said she received of the carrier; which letter this examinate finding open, as he remembers, he
looked therein, and found it directed to the examinate, and signed T. Taylor, and forthwith read it to the soldiers, and then delivered it them. And the examinate farther faith,
that he knows not who the said T. Taylor, or other person that signed the said letter, is;
nor had he any advice beforehand from any person whatsoever of any such trunk, or of
any arms that were to be sent, nor on what occasion; nor doth he know the hand, that
writ the said letters; nor doth he know, or hath been informed, of any design in any person to make any publick distractions, other than some flying reports, which he hath heard
talked of, since this business fell out, to the occasion whereof he is altogether a stranger;
nor can he imagine, who the subscriber of the said letter should be. And he farther
faith, that he knoweth not any such person as Rowland Thomas, nor that he ever spoke
with any person of that name to his knowledge; nor hath heard of him, otherwise than
as one Allen a carrier sent word to the examinate by his the examinate's servant at St.
Alban's, on his the examinate's coming up, that he had challenged a man for sending down
the said trunk, whose name is Thomas.
This examination taken by me,
A paper of the Spanish embassador's secretary to the states general.
Lectum die 23 Januarii 1655. [N. S].
Le soubsigné secretaire de l'ambassade d'Espagne ayant appris la plainte, qui a esté
fait a messieurs les estats generaux de quelques desordres commis sur la frontiere la Mairie
de Boisleduc par quelques troupes du seigneur le prince de Condé logées a Weert, & en ayant
donné part a son altesse le serenme archiduc, quoy qu'il luy plut faire depescher les ordres
necessaires pour empescher semblables exces a l'advenir, & procurer la reparation du dommage, que pourroient avoir souffert en ce rencontre les sujects de cest estat, en suite de la
cognoissance, qu'il a des intentions du roy son maistre entierement portées a entretenir
non seulement toute bonne correspondance avec L L. SS. mais aussi a leur donner tout
contentement possible, il a receu commandement de sa dit Alt. serme d'asseurer luy avoit
causé ceste action estant si contraire aux bonnes volontes de sa majeste & aux siennes de leur
declarer, que S. A. en ayant sait faire plainte au dit seigneur prince de Condé, de qui les
trouppes dependoient, il en auroit de mesme tesmoigné un particulier ressentiment, & que
S. A. le faira entendre a LL. SS. (ains qu'elle se fait par le moyen du dit secretaire) le
parsait desir, qu'il avoit de maintenir avec elles toute bonne amitie & intelligence, & que
pour leur en fournir une entiere asseurance estoit pres a donner aux interesses toute la satisfaction, qui seroit juste, du dammage receu par des dites trouppes, aux quelles il avoit ordonné fort exactement de s'abstenir de touts exces & violences contre les subjects de LL. SS.
Il se trouve de plus obligé sur les nouveaux ordres, qu'il a receu de sa dite Altesse serenissime
de prier & requerir tres instamment messieurs les estats generaux, de vouloir prendre une finale
resolution sur la reiterée priere, qu'il a fait a LL. SS. de designer quelque autre ville plus
commode que celle de Dort, pour la residence de la chambre mipartie: en quoy il espere, que
LL. SS. auront le deu esgard a l'intercession de sa dite Altesse. Fait a la Haye ce 23 de
Janvier, 1655, signé
A paper of the French embassador to the states general.
Lectum die Jan. 23.
Monsieur de Wyckel deputé de la province de Frise a l'assemblée de messieurs les estats
generaux des provinces unies, & president en semaine, se souviendra, s'il luy plaist,
pour en faire rapport a la dite assemblée, que l'ambassadeur de France luy a dit, qu'ayant
receu commendement du roy son maistre de presenter a mes dits sieurs les estats generaux
une lettre de sa majesté en recommendation des interests de l'ordre des chevaliers de saint
Jean de Jerusalem, il l'avoit mise entre les mains de monsieur le president lors en semaine
il y a plus d'un mois, & luy avoit representé:
Que le roy estoit porté a favoriser la justice des demandes du dit ordre, par la merite de
son institut; par la virtu & la bonne conduite des chevaliers, qui le composent; par
l'obligation, qu'il y a suivant l'exemple de ses predecesseurs, comme premier roy tres
chrestien, & comme l'ancien & veritable amy de messieurs les estats generaux.
Qu'il y avoit de quoy s'estonner, qu'un ordre saintement estably, & subsistant genereusement pour la deffense du nom chrestien contre les infidelles, qui en cette consideration a receu
des biens, des graces, & des privileges de touts les princes & republiques, qui professent le
christianisme, & particulierement dans ces provinces, soit depouillé sans cause dans ce seul
estat, & depuis peu d'années, des biens, qu'il y a possedez par la pieté & liberalité du siecle
passé; & en la possession des quels il avoit esté maintenu par les mesmes loix & confœderations, qui ont formé cette republicque.
Que cest ordre ayant establi son siege dans un advantage au milieu de la mer Mediterranée, pour arrester la licence & les courses des Mahometans, s'est porté avec telle charité
envers les subjects des princes chrestiens, que tous se sont louez de la protection & de
l'assistance, qu'ils ont trouvée dans Malte; & comme ceux de ces provinces par l'occasions
de leurs navigations y ont abordé plus souvent, & quelquesois chasses par les corsaires Turcs,
il n'y a point de nation, qui ait plus d'interest a la conservation de l'ordre, & plus d'obligation a recognoistre l'hospitalité qu'il prosesse.
Il est vray, que tous les princes chrestiens doivent la protection a cette ordre, mais aucun
n'a tant de subject de maintenir leurs droits, que le roy, non seulement a cause de son
titre, qui le rend le premier deffenseur de la cause chrestienne, mais encore pourceque la
France a plus consacré de ses biens & de sa noblesse a cette sainte institution; & sa majesté
croit aussy, que son entremise par recommendation sera fort considerée par messieurs les estats
generaux, comme venant d'un amy certain, & qui regarde autant, en la priere qui leur fait,
leur honneur & la gloire de leur estat, que l'interest de la religion de Malte.
Pour ce qu'il n'est pas de legere consequence pour la reputation de ces provinces, que
cet ordre offensé par un long deni de justice publié par toute la chrestienté, ou il est respandu,
que les interests de quelque peu de particuliers, qui se sont appropriez les biens de cette
religion, ayant engagé tout l'estat a faire une justice publique, & n'ayant pu estre assubjettis
a l'authorité de leurs propres loix.
Il est aussy du devoir d'un prince sage & d'un bon amy, de prevenir par ses avis & par
ses requisitions les inconvenients, qui pourroient naistre de tels differents, & qui s'elevent
souvent de causes fort legeres; & pour ces raisons le dit ambassadeur avoit estimé, que la
recommendation du roy produiroit quelque effect conforme a l'importance du subject, &
aux bonnes intentions, avec les quelles il s'y est porté; & bien qu'il n'ont point esté donné
de response a la lettre de sa majesté, la prudence des mess. les estats generaux l'ayant du
differer pour de bonnes cause, il espere que mon dit sieur le president remettant cette affaire
a la memoire de la compagnie, elle y ferera consideration. Signé
A la Haye, Jan. 23, 1655. [N. S.]
An intercepted letter of Conway to the earl of Northumberland.
Paris, January 23, 1655. [N. S.]
This is the worst time of the year to write any news in. Here is not any thing
worth your knowledge. The king of France is blond or lightish hair'd; the
duke of Anjou is black. The king is silent and of few words; the duke is merry,
and still talking. The king loveth hunting extremely; the duke cares not to ride, but
loves very much dancing and the company of women, whom he doth touse and kiss.
The duke of Guise hath sold all that he has in this world, but Guise, which is worth
five thousand pounds per ann. and most for this unfortunate voyage to Naples. I believe the
death of the pope will trouble no body but madam Olympia, unless they would make
cardinal de Retz pope, which they will not do.
Charles Littleton, of Arley, in the county of Stafford, gent. aged 24 years, or thereabouts, examined Jan. 15, 1654. saith as followeth.
He faith, that he hath for this year now past lived at his mother the lady Littleton
her house, in St. Martin's lane, and that in or about October last he went to Arley
aforesaid; after about a month's stay there, he from thence accompanied his brother sir
Henry Littleton to Hagley in the county of Worcester, to his wedding at Winchester, and
returned to London about three weeks or a month before Christmas; and after his coming
to town, as aforesaid, he being inquired of by major Henry Norwood, whether his brother,
sir Henry Littleton, being sheriff of Worcestershire, would not need pistols for accommodating
his horsemen in his sheriffdom; and major Norwood also telling him, that the same was
necessary, and that it would be a conveniency to him the said major to provide them, he
having provided many other arms for Virginia, he the examinate did thereon write down
(by his man, as he takes it) to his said brother, to know his mind in that behalf, who
sent him word to provide 40 pair of pistols for the use aforesaid, and to take them of
major Norwood, as was desired; but the letter sent by his brother for the same is now lost,
he conceiving it not of any consequence to keep it. And the examinate faith, that thereupon he did accordingly bespeak 40 pair of pistols of major Norwood for the said use,
which were by the said major provided and put into 2 chests, and sent away after his the
examinate's going from London the week before Christmas, he going to his brother's at
Hagley, and to Arley, where he staid till his last coming up to London, being on saturday last, having left it to major Norwood to send them away, and to one mr. Lloyd,
sometimes a servant to his family, to direct them to his said brother's house at Hagley.
And he faith, that he bespoke no other arms whatsoever, nor doth he know of any arms
sent to his brother's at any other time than as is before set down. Nor doth he believe any
others were sent, only some saddles were sent to his brother in a chest, as he takes it, the
carriage before, which were also provided on this examinate's desire, being about 28 or
30 in number, by the said major Norwood. And he farther faith, that he is well acquainted with the said major Norwood, and hath been for divers years; and hath several
times met with the said major Norwood since his coming up as aforesaid after his brother's
marriage, and particularly four or five times at the lady Newport's in Lincoln's–inn–fields,
where there have been in their company, as he remembers, besides those of the family, one
mr. Beverley and one mr. Browne, a kinsman of the lord Herbert's, and some others, whom
he remembers not. And one time at the examinate's lodgings, being at one Lisson's, a
barber near by the Rose tavern in Covent Garden, where the said mr. Lloyd was in company with them, and no other, and once at the lodging of the said major in the Temple,
no other person but themselves being there. And that the discourse he had with major
Norwood at any of the said times was about ordinary matters, but nothing relating to
any design, the correspondence betwixt them being merely on the score of ancient friendship; but he saith, he thinks when he bespoke the said pistols of major Norwood, they
were provided sooner than he could expect them; and therefore he believes he the said
major had a greater quantity of arms ready; and the rather because he told the examinate,
he had provided many for Virginia. He faith farther, that he thinks major Norwood sent
the said chest of arms to the inn; but by what conveyance, or who was the carman, waterman, or other person, that carried them, he knows not. As also he saith, that together
with the said chest there was sent to his brother's house a hamper, containing one great
saddle, and one ordinary saddle, for the use of his said brother, and on his desire, he signifying by his letter to this examinate, that the said great saddle was for his own riding,
which letter is also lost; and also a small trunk, containing the examinate's clothes. And
he farther saith, that he knows not, nor hath heard of any intention in his said brother or
any other, to make use of the said arms or other things beforementioned, or of any other
arms, for any design or purpose otherwise than as is before expressed.
This examination taken by me,
The said Charles Littleton being farther examined Jan. 16, 1654.
He faith, that the reason why he and others of the family denied to the soldiers in
the country to have any arms at Hagley, and that the things brought down thither in the
chests were pewter, (when search was made at his brother's sir Henry Littleton's house for
arms at two several times) was because soldiers came thither armed, and for fear of plundering. He faith farther, that for the 40 pair of pistols with the holsters he bought of mr.
Norwood, he was to pay 20 s. a pair, of which he paid about 35 l. (the rest being still
owing) which he paid at his, the examinate's, chamber (no other being present) with
money, which he received of his brother, sir Henry Littleton, and brought up
with him to London. He denies, that he bought any carbines to be sent to his said
brother. He faith he knows not mr. Custis the merchant, nor mr. Glover, nor mr. Rowland
Thomas. He knows col. Vernon, but never saw him in major Norwood's company, nor
hath heard major Norwood speak of him, to his remembrance. He faith, he knows not
how the arms came to be emptied out of the chests into his said brother's closet; but
saith, that the lady Littleton, the examinate's sister–in–law, said to this purpose, that those
base boxes had made the soldiers believe there were arms in the house, and that therefore
she would burn them; which was accordingly done presently after. He faith, he knows
not of any other arms sent to any person other than as is mentioned in his examination
yesterday; and denies that major Norwood communicated to him, this examinate, any design for the late king of Scotts. He faith, that mr. Lloyd, to his knowledge, was not acquainted with the things contained in the chests; and farther, that at his last coming to
his said brother's he heard, that his said brother had bespoke 50 pair of pistols at Worcester, but asking his brother thereabout, his brother denied that he had bespoke any.
And the examinate is confident, none was so bespoke, and the rather, because he thinks
there is no gunsmith there or elsewhere in the country able to make a pair of pistols.
A letter of intelligence.
Hamburgh, January 16, 1655. [S. V.]
By the last letters from Riga it's said, that the Muscovites having taken the considerable fort of Dunenbrough, 25 miles from Riga, was now grown so insolent, as to
demand a pass for 50000 men from the Swede through Lieffland, or as some say from
the duke of Courland through his country, which annoyance of the Muscovites, as it causeth
great perplexity at Riga, and those parts, so it animates the Poles exceedingly, being the
only and final hopes they have, that their proud enemies, by this his insolent demeanor,
will provoke the crown of Sweden or some other considerable state to come upon his back,
whereby he may be diverted from bringing them to utter ruin and destruction. Touching
the business of the king of Denmark's inauguration here, nothing as yet is concluded upon;
but it is very doubtful. Secretary Coyet is now arrived here, and will be gone with all
speed for England.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Samedy, Jan. 20. 1655. [N. S.]
Je n'y a rien eu aujourd'huy digne de remarque. L'Hollande minute au advis trenchant
& rigide contre les provinces, qui veulent elire mareschal de camp. Il estoit desja prest
pour éstre produit dans la generalité; mais il y a en des villes, qui l'ont encore voulu
communiquer dans leur Vroetschappen.
Ausy la Hollande a prest l'avis touchant les debtes d'Ostfrise.
Lundy, Jan. 22.
Ceux de Zeelande ont maintenant aussy produit leur advis provincial touchant le traité
d'Elbing, qui parle aussy des elucidations, ne differant guere de celuy de Hollande; se remarquaint, que ces 2 provinces ont conferres ensemble sur ce point.
Mais sur le point de conferer la charge de mareschal de camp, ces 2 provinces n'accordent
pas si bien, car les 5 villes de Zeelande ont desja avisé sur ce point, desirants que la charge
soit conferrée, sans avoir esgard a la harmonie.
De la part de Dantsick est donné memoire, requirant payment du subsidie & remboursement de ce que la ville a depensé aux troupes de c'est estat, sur quoy n'est resolu, si non
Mardy, Jan. 23.
Aujourd'huy sera resolu a l'instance des princesses royale & douagere, de faire office tant
icy pres son ex. l'ambassadeur de Spaigne, qu'a Brussels, a ce que satisfaction soit fait au
prince d'Orange touchant & en suite du traité de Munster.
L'Hollande a tasché de faire resoudre & conclurre pour arrester la ratification du traité
d'Elbingen sur les elucidations proposées par la Hollande; mais la plus part des provinces
ont declarées de n'estre pas prestes.
Le sieur de Gent aussy a fait rapport dans la grand affaire d'Ostfrise. La Utrecht a
promis se declarer demain.
Mécredy, Jan. 24.
Mess. de Holland ont maintainant de chief importé de considerations sur le concept traité
de mariné, qui est venu de Anglois, dont entre autres ils effacent l'article (je croy le 12me)
qui ne continue ce traité, que pour 2 ou 3 ans, car mess. de Hollande entendent, que ce
traité doit estre perpetuel, comme dependant du traité de paix, qui de meme est perpetuel.
Item, ils ont proposé d'escrire, comme il sera escrit au sieur de Nieuport ambassadeur, a sin
de procurer la revocation du placard Anglois de l'an 1651 nommé, increase of shipping and
Les provinces se sont conformes avec la Hollande touchant les points du ratification ou
elucidation attaches a la ratification du traité d'Elbing. La Frise seule a fait annoter
n'estre pas chargée.
Jeudy, Jan. 25.
Les 2 correspondents, l'un a Statyn, l'autre a Dantsick (auparavant a Koningsberge)
sont tous deux rapelles, n'escrivant que discours de Taverne. Aujourd'huy ceux de Hollande
ont esté en corps dans les estats generaux, ou le raet pensionaire a harangué, que les sieurs
ses principaux avec estonnement avoient aprins, que les autres provinces avoyent taché
d'elire un mareschal de camp ou chef general de la militie, au lieu qu'estant en pais,
ou n'avoient pas besoin de mareschal du camp, car on ne va pas en campaigne; & quand
bien il seroit besoin d'aller en campaigne (comme estant raisonable de songer a la guerre,
estant en paix) que chaque province estant libre, ne pouvoit estre astraint par pluralité de
voix de prendre un chef, qui ne luy seroit pas agreeable. Que sur ce suject messieurs de
Hollande avoient escrits a toutes les provinces, & qu'ils requerroient, qu'on ne veuille rien
precipiter en cela. Les autres provinces ont demandé le susdit avis de Hollande par escrit,
comme aussy copie de la lettre escrite aux provinces, ce qu'on leur a promis.
La ratification du traité d'Elbing a derechef esté sur ce tapis. La plus part des autres
provinces ont encore dit n'estre pas charge sur cela; neantmoins il y a de l'apparance, que
cela ce fera.
La Hollande s'est aussy accomodée avec ces autres provinces touchant les debtes de
Ostfrise, sur quoy sera conference.
Vendredy, Jan. 26.
Aujourd'huy c'à este le tour de ceux de Zeelande. Le sieur Veth a representé en
beaucoup de façon par des passages divers, specialement par des resolutions de la grande
assemblee de l'an 1651, que ceux de Hollande meme ont jugé necessaire, qu'ily eust un
mareschal de camp, & par plusieurs arguments & raisons a deduit, que la milice ne peut
point estre sans teste; consequement que la Hollande a tort de s'opposer si fort contre
l'election d'un mareschal de camp. L'assaire en est encore demeurée la, & demain en sera
derechef parlé; & toute fois la Hollande en sa resolution parle clair de n'en vouloir
L'on aura conclu dans l'affaire de la ratification du traité d'Elbing.
The lieutenant governor of Calais to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
Calais, January 26, 1655. [N. S.]
They write me word from Paris, that we are like to have a war with England. You
know the truth thereof best yourself. All our frontiers are very quiet. It is true,
that some days since there arrived some foot at St. Omer, and we are informed, that it is a
regiment of the prince of Condé's forces. We have sent to know the truth. The mareshal d'Aumont hath failed in his design, which he had to have surprised the chiefest
officers of Artois, who were come to St. Omer, and were to march to some other place
from thence; but his design was discovered; so that the said mareshal was forced to return
back with the cavalry, which he had taken with him to execute his design.
Captain George Palmer to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxxiv. p. 491.
According to your order, I sent to aprehend Bird, mr. Walter Vernon his man; alsoe
to search mr. Cotton his house for armes. As to the former, hee is fledd, and hath
beene soe almost ever since the aprehending of colonell Vernon; but this enclosed is the
substance of what hee did say before justice Watson, whose letter this is (fn. 2) . And for mr.
Cotton, wee finde noe just cause of aprehending him, or seizing those guns, hee never
denying them, nor any thing else, that might reasonably bee demanded from him; and by
certainest information we can gaine from honest people, his neighbours, hee is not justly
rendred suspitious; which at presant is all from
Coventry, Jan. 16, 1654.
Your honour's humble servant,
Major general Overton to a friend of his.
In the possession on the right honourable Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great–Britain.
By the lord protector's order I was yesterday confined a prisoner in the tower of London; where (as also before I came thither) having received information of those false
reports and misprisions I am under, I thought good for your own and my christian friends
satisfaction with you, to give my answers to those objections divulged against me, which
you may take as followeth.
Objection I. That before my going into Scotland, I engaged to my lord protector, that
I would be true unto my trust; and told him, that I would let him know, when I could
serve him no longer. But now it is reported, that I have forfeited my trust, by going
about to divide the army, and resolving to march in the head of a party for England,
and there, as in Scotland, to abett the caveleers design. To which I answer,
Reply I. That I am still true unto my trust, and have kept my resolutions, to let his
lordship know, when I could serve him no longer; adding, that when I perceived his lordship did only design the setting up of himself, and not the good of those nations, I could
not set one foot before another to serve him; to which he replied, thou wert a knave, if
thou wouldst. Nor did I ever go about to divide the army, promise to head any party
or intend to joyn with the cavileers (Scotch or English) but on the contrary, having
heard, that upon the address made by the officers at Jameses's, some honest officers at
Aberdeen had debates of that nature, I sent to them first, to forbear their debates; and
after understanding, that they were under some pressure of spirit in that particular, and
purposed to meet at Edenbrough about the discharge of their dutys and consciences in
that kind, I sent for them, and told them, that if they intended any thing in an unwarrantable way, I could not conceal it. Whereupon they promised me to do all things
in God's way; and that they would acquaint the general therewith, and do nothing therein
without his consent.
Objection II. The newsmongers and others, I perceive, report me to be a leveller,
and a discontented person, for that other officers were preferred before me, who were my
juniors; and that I was absent from my charge in Scotland two years together. To all
which I thus answer.
Reply II. 1. That if a leveller be one, who bears affection to anarchy, destroying propriety or government, then I am none. But if upon the account of New–market and
other engagements, for the setling of a well grounded government, redress of grievances;
civil, ecclesiastical, or military, or inflicting condign punishment upon capital offenders, &c.
if this be levelling, I was and am a leveller. 2. I acknowledge it was some dissatisfaction
to me, to have some of my junior colonels preferred over my head; yet neither that nor
any other neglect did ever discourage or hinder me from doing my duty diligently, faithfully, and for the most part (I bless God for it) effectually, for these thirteen years. 3. As
concerning my absence from my command in Scotland, I confess, after I had discontinued
from England near upon the matter of two years, my father dying in the interim, and my
estate lest in a disordered and unsettled condition (diverse debts, as I believe, yet undischarged,
and to my detriment, I doubt, become desperate through default of timely looking to) I
did desire general Dean's pass for England, which I had without limitation of time to return in. And finding my occasions in my own country to be very commanding (knowing
in how peaceable a posture all things were at my coming from Scotland, and so continued
for three quarters of a year after) I presumed to stay in my government at Hull, untill I
understood, that there were some stirrs in Scotland; whereupon I immediately writt to his
excellency the lord general, to know whether or no he expected any further service from me
in that nation. But receiving no answer of my letter, and immediately after the parliament being dissolved, in order to my own satisfaction, as to the one and the other, I came
up to London, and gave his lordship an account both of the reasons and warrant for my
stay in England, wherewith his lordship seemed then satisfied. And as to the continuance
of my two commands, it was neither by me desired nor endeavoured, I having formerly
by my friend colonel Salmon made a tender to resign my regiment in Scotland; and (all
things being in a peaceable posture there) I was willing to have retired myself to my government at Hull, that thereby I might have enjoyed the comforts of my relations and
country; but this not being accepted, I now see there was a providence in order to my
present reproach, which I trust in his own good time the Lord our God will rowl away.
For if truth itself be not over–born or out–faced, I shall in the upshott neither appear
hypocritical or perfidious, as hath been reported. And if this cannot stop the mouth of
the malevolent, I trust it may in some measure satisfy the godly wife, who, if they
be my friends, I shall be the better enabled to bear the browbeatings of others report or
reproaches causelessly cast upon me.
Objection III. But, say some, you made a company of scandalous verses upon the
lord protector, whereby his highness and divers others were offended and displeased for
your so doing.
Reply III. I must acknowledge I copied a paper of verses, called the Character of a
Protector; but I did neither compose, nor (to the best of my remembrance) shew them to
any, after I had writ them forth. They were taken out of my letter case at Leith, where
they had lain a long time by me neglected and forgotten. I had them from a friend, who
wished my lord well, and who told me, that his lordship had seen them, and I believe laughed
at them, as (to my knowledge) heretofore he hath done at papers and pamphlets of more
personal and particular import or abuse.
Objection IV. Another thing objected against me, as I am informed, is, letters of
dangerous consequence intercepted, as they were coming to me.
Reply IV. In regard I received them not, I cannot judge of their danger or significance.
Indeed I did hear, that letters of dissatisfactory import were directed to diverse in Scotland,
with printed papers and petitions in them, sent to Leith and other places; but those, to
whom they were directed, know not whence they came, having neither subscription nor
dates. And it is possible, some dissatisfied persons in England might direct letters to me
as to other men upon the same account and score. Nay, is it not probable, that some informers
(not my friends) to render their service more suitable to their salarys, might report or suggest, from their own or others opinions, some high expectation had of me in the matters
forementioned, viz. the dividing and marching a part of the army into England, which
no man living shall be justly able to make good against me, it being (as I well know) a
thing dangerous and unseasible, and most unlikely to end in any thing but division and
destruction (two inseperable adjuncts, faith Cæsar Borgia) therefore as far from my purpose, as in itself impracticable, as the constitution of the army stood.
Objection V. But, say some, you and other officers refused to come to the head quarters, when general Monck commanded you; which was a convincing argument of your
guilt and disobedience, and the occasion given him to send a guard for you.
Reply V. To this I answer, we should herein have been much to blame, had the reports of the week writers been true, the contrary whereof will be witnessed as followeth:
For first some of the officers were imprisoned at Dundee, as they were voluntarily marching
towards the head quarters; and I know none of the rest, who did delay to come, after they
were commanded. For myself, the very day before mr. Oates's going towards Edenburgh, I remember I received from mr. Clark (general Monck's secretary) a letter, in the
latter end whereof he thus hints: I cannot give you any account of the grounds of the
general's sending for you to the head quarters; but herewith receiving no letter from the
general, I concluded a miscarriage of his letter, or a mistake in mr. Clark's relation. However (as will be witnessed) I was so far from refusing to obey the general's command, that
I was resolved to set forwards from Dalkeith the next morning, had I not been dissuaded
by some of my fellow officers; whereupon I immediately dispatcht a letter to general
Monck (to be conveyed from garrison to garrison day and night, untill it came to his
hands) intimating my real readiness to observe his commands by letter or messenger.
Two days after I had written to him, two of his letters came together to my hands, intimating his desire to have me come to the head quarters with what convenience I could.
And at the very same time I received letters from general Middleton and the earl of Seaforth,
desiring a capitulation, in order to their own with their parties coming in, and laying
down their arms; upon which account I was perswaded to stay a day longer, to draw up
and debate proposals; but that evening a letter coming from the general upon the forementioned account, I declined all further debate with Pluscardin, the earl's uncle, advising
him and general Middleton's trumpet to proceed in pursuance of their business at the
head quarters, whither I was going with all possible speed. How therefore I should be
accused of neglect or disobedience to the general's commands, I cannot imagine; but shall
leave it to the judicious to determine, not doubting but wherein men have mistaken, the
searcher of the heart and the tryer of the reins will in due time rectify their aberrations.
In the interim I shall conclude with what a prisoner (and my predecessor in this place) from
the apostle saint Peter observes of promises, and from the apostle Paul of afflictions;
but he chastened us for our profit, that we might be partakers of his boliness. So for promises
2 Peter i. 4. There are given to us exceeding great and pretious promises, that by them we should
be partakers of the divine nature. Why therefore (faith he) may we not say, there are given
unto us exceeding great and precious afflictions, that by them we might be partakers of the
divine nature; that is, of his holiness; for to you it is given not only to believe, but to suffer,
Phil. i. 29. Thus God sweetens the very nature of afflictions, and molds us thereby into
his own image; for as Christ became a perfect mediator by his passion; so by suffering our
Lord can consecrate us to himself. I fill up, saith saint Paul, that which is behind of the
afflictions of Christ in my fiesh; so that we see Christ is not full, till his members (more or
less) have had their measure of sufferings. If in patience we possess our spirits, we shall
inherit the promises. Our chastening touching patience and perseverance unto the end
will turn our crowns of thorns into crowns of glory, and bring us forth of the furnace of
affliction, as his monuments of free grace, who faith, I will deliver thee, and thou shalt
glorify me, &c. Thus, sir, having given you a true account of the nature of those accusations, which I understand are suggested against me, for which I trust I shall not be
condemned, before I be convicted; commending you to the protection of the father of
spirits, and God of all grace, desiring your prayers, that I may improve this prison dispensation in the exercise of patience, to his glory and the increase of my own comforts,
I bid you farewel,
Your's in him, by whom we are what we are,
From my imprisonment in the
Tower of London, Jan. 17,
Fleetwood, lord deputy of Ireland, to secretary Thurloe.
V. lxiv. p. 235.
I should rejoyce, if the Lord please so, to heare, that there was a probabilitic
of a good understanding betwixt my lord protector and parliament; which if not, I
know my lord wil be forced to put forthe something to a publicque view, uppon which will
depend great part of our future quiett and peace; and therefore as comprehensive as
possible you can uppon those two essentials, which hath bine hitherunto the great incouragements to those, who have continued faithfull to the publicque interest, will certainely be of very necessary and great concernment; I meane that, which concernes our
civill and religious liberties, that of tender consciences, and successive parliaments, without
perpetuitie. I know this busines is to great for me to venture on, and it is the Lord
alone, that must direct you to a right ordering of this affaire. I know you understand
what late commands his highnes sent mee concerning lieutenant general Ludlow. I shall
intreate, that you will acquaint his highnes, that uppon the councell's former letter I
did desire to have had his commission delivered to mee. His answere uppon the
whole is to this purpose, that he conceaves it to be to much against his principles, by
which he hath acted, to deliver it up without a legal conviction; but faith, if I command
it from him he will give it under hand (but not deliver it up) that he will not act by it
without my order. I intend to put him out of the muster roles; and if his highnes please,
I could wish (by reason of our antient acquaintance) he would give me libertie to dispense
with his last commands; but if it be thought adviseable, I shall on the next notice from
you observe them. 'Tis late, and I must desire your excuse for this brevitie of,
Jan. 17, 1654.
Your affectionate humble servant,
The Spanish embassador to the protector.
Having considered what your highness hath been pleased to write unto me the
23d of this month, upon the instances, which the sons of Peter Richaut make, that
letters of reprisal should be granted unto them against the king my master and his
subjects, for satisfaction of a sum of money, which they do pretend to be due unto them
from his majesty by a schedule of his, which they do exhibit, and a copy whereof was given
me: that which in answer thereunto doth occur unto me to represent unto your highness is, that the contents of the said schedule doth shew evidently the injustice of their
pretending to receive satisfaction by way of reprisal, which neither may nor ought to
be granted or given to a subject against his natural lord; and the said Peter Richaut
being such (as it doth clearly appear by the schedule, at the beginning whereof it is expressed and declared, that Peter Richaut was a merchant of Flanders, and native of Antwerp, and consequently subject to his majesty) it would be against all right to grant them
letters of reprisal. And although the heirs and executors of the said Peter Richaut be
English–born, nevertheless regard always must be had to the quality of the person, who
made the contract, from whom the said debt did originally proceed. Neither may the
sons have more right than that of their father, from whom that, which they do pretend
to have to the aforesaid debt, doth derive. Besides that is a thing not used in any nation
to grant letters of reprisal (which is a mean violent, irregular, and publick) for a debt
occasioned by a private and civil contract; and particularly justice being not denied in this
case (as the party himself doth confess) but rather a sentence obtained in their behalfs
against the real revenue of his majesty; and by reason of the delay of the payment, an
interest of 10 per cent, was agreed upon, whereby the debt did so increase, that the
principal importing only eight millions and some thousands of maravedis (the said Peter
Richaut reckoning his goods at a higher price by half than they were worth) the interest
thereof alone doth amount unto between fourteen and fifteen millions of maravedis, being near twice the principal sum; to which the said sum had never risen, had it not been
for the delay, whereof they complain; and in the said sum are comprehended five hundred
crowns, which were graciously given the said Peter Richaut for a present, over and above
the price of the goods sold by him, and the interest at ten in the hundred. And it would
be a thing very strange, that for a debt caused by a civil and particular contract, as aforesaid,
and made between a subject and his sovereign lord, who hath not denied justice, and the
interest still running until the time of payment, letters of reprisal should be granted
against all civil right, laws of nations, and universal practice of all people, and particularly at the same time, when this commonwealth doth detain 252000 pieces of eight,
which came into England from the island of saint Domingo, in the ship santa Clara,
whereof Benedict Stafford was captain, belonging and appertaining to subjects of the
king my master, which the parliament hath acknowledged to owe unto them; yet detained the same for these thirteen years without paying any interest; and the interessed
of the said monies, subjects of his majesty, seeing themselves ruined and undone, made
application to the king my master for letters of reprisal against this commonwealth and
the people thereof; which his majesty hath not granted hitherto, deferring the same,
with hope that the commonwealth in convenient time would not deny satisfaction of what is
so justly due unto them; and likewise when the sum of one million and a half of pieces
of eight, belonging to subjects of his said majesty, are here detained out of three Hamburgh ships upon the single pretence, that the same doth belong to Hollanders, there being
no other proof for it than a bare apprehension and suspicion of the parties interessed in
the said monies, not having been able, notwithstanding all their legal endeavours to obtain
the restitution of their said monies and goods, justice being not only denied unto them,
but the recourse of the law stopt, their cases not being admitted to hearing, that they
might be either freed or condemned; and notwithstanding these proceedings, and that
the said parties do insist upon the like remedy of reprisal, his majesty hath not hitherto
granted them, promising himself that your highness will give order, that justice be ad
ministred, and due satisfaction given them. All which I do represent unto your highness, desiring you will be pleased to command, that the same may be taken into serious consideration, and how against all reason and right it would be to grant unto the said Richauts the
said letters of reprisal, when by ordinary ways they may receive satisfaction; which I do
not doubt will be given them the sooner in contemplation of your highness's recommendation in their behalfs. And perhaps they had obtained it, if they had applied themselves,
and solicited the same in Madrid, after that your highness were pleased to recommend their
cause unto me. Yet I shall out of hand give notice unto his majesty of your highness's
earnest desires, that they receive satisfaction, to the end that his majesty may be pleased to
command with speed the same to be given them. God preserve your highness for many
London, the 18/28 of Jan. 1654/5.
I kiss, serene lord, your highness's hands, being your
highness's most affected servant,
Don Alonso de Cardenas.
A letter of intelligence from Holland.
V. xxii. p. 393.
Since my last here hath occurr'd nothinge of importance, nor have I receeved any
letters from Ceullen, or any other correspondence this weeck. The duke of Gloster
is come to Teyling to his sister's court. The marquis of Ormond tooke his leave
of him at Antwerp, whence he went to Ceullen, where I understand by a friend there
are divisions amongst the counsel of the kinge: the lord Weyntworth and chancelor Hyde
have had some difference, and marquis Ormond with lord Wilmot, as 'tis said, concerninge the duke of Gloster's turninge his religion, the which I belive doth not so much
perplex the K. and his partye, as the discovere of a greater desingne in Ingland, the which I
understand by other letters from thence is knipt in the bud by the incomparable vigilancye
of those in the present government. I finde many are already apprehended, as the phamlet tells, and more dayly bringing in, which I take not for authentick. Therefore I beseech
you to informe mee the certainety of affayres, which I much longe to understand. By my
next I shall indeavour to give you a larger account of our former busines, hoping by
that tyme to speake with the gentleman. In the meane tyme I remayne,
Jan. 28, 1655. [N. S.]
Your faithfull and humble servant.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
V. xxii. p. 397.
Cette semaine passée la Frise president a renouvellé la mention de sa proposition
du 7 Jan. a ce que les sieurs Beverning & Nieupoort fissent rapport, & rendissent
conte, sur quoy n'est suivé que cette maigre resolution marquée No 1, que ne signifie
rien; & a peine continent ou exprime la chose, dont s'agit.
Messieurs de Hollande ayant ouy la relation summaire de ce que le sieur Beverning a sait
touchant l'acte de seclusion, l'en a remercié, & il a fait un serment, non tant requis,
qui ultronée, non seulement que luy & le sieur Nieupoort estoient hors de faute, & point
cause mouvante de la seclusion, mais aussy que nul autre de c'est estat en soit cause;
ains que tout soit venu de seul & unique propre mouvement de lord protecteur. Et
la resolution, qui contient cette narrée, ils l'ont portée dans la generalité. Et l'assemblée
se separara la dessus le 26 de ce mois, & seize membres de Hollande ont desja nommé le
sieur Beverning pour deputé extraordinaire dans les estates generaux: les 3 membres
restants (car telle chose se doit faire votis omnibus, nullo contradicente) l'ont overgenoomen, ou prins ad referendum, icy No 2.
L'ambassadeur de France par ordre de son roy a presenté memoire & office en faveur
des chevaliers des Malta. Mais c'est une vielle question, & tant ceux de Harlem que
ceux d'Utrecht, qui possident ces biens, n'en demordront jamais; & le dit ambassadeur
ne fera que se hair par ces offices. De l'alliance entre son roy & c'est estat il ne se parle
Icy court une lettre responsive de l'ambassadeur de France a celle de la reyne de
Suede, qui apparement conviera quelque replique. Et si Arras a fourny matiere de
braver d'un coste, de l'autre coste le non–succes du due de Guise sur Naples servira a
La court de Hollande passe outre a proceder contre Haex. Quant a Schonenburgh, ceux
de Hollande en laissent le soin a la generalité.
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Je voy de plus en plus, que ceux de la dite province s'affirmissent, & parlent plus clair
qu'auparavant; & au lieu que cy devant ils trembloyent, quand on leur objectoit l'acte
de seclusion, a present aucuns parlent de faire un acte entre eux de ne vouloir jamais plus de
ouir stadtholder, ains se governeur sans stadtholder en persaits republicans; & l'on remarque
palpablement, que ceux de Twent & Deventer s'asseurent de l'assistance de la dite provinces de Hollande, car autrement le grave Guillaume avec l'aide de Friseland Groningen, & le plus par
de Overyssell les contraindroit.
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Et quand a Zeelande, il y a des amis du maison d'Orange & des republicains. Les amis d'Orange ont trop
de peur de Cromwel. Bref si les estats d'Hollande continuent estre unis, comme ils sont,
tant le prince d'Orange que grave Guillaume peuvent bien se reposer pour long temps; ne
soit qu'en vienne changement, ce que les disent estre comme impossible: certes les
bons Hollandois se sondent fort sur Cromwell.
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Mais tout depend de la propre concorde de estats de Hollande.
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L'assemblée des estats de Hollande se separa a le 26, & ne reveindra que vers le mois
de Mars. Des points, qu'ils ont eu en deliberation, ils n'on effectivement rien fait.
Comme touchant quelque ulterieure reduction de la milice, cassation de 12 cornettes de
cavaillierie, reduction des interests, &c. comme aussy le sieur Beverning n'est pas encore
vosté unaniment deputé aux estats generaux, comme c'est le dessein de bons Hollandois. Et c'est une
imperfection en Hollande, qu'il y a tant de membres, & chaque membre est une teste; &
il faut, que toutes ces testes soient en un chaperon, devant que telles choses (comme est
la deputation d'un extraordinaire dans les estats generaux) se sacent; & pour tant messieurs de
Hollande ont fait un tentamen & essay pour induire les estats generaux a vouloir conferer
en fin l'effect de la commission de la charge du tresorier general au sieur Beverning. Pour
tel effect ils comparurent dans les estats generaux en corps le 26 au matin, produisants
leur resolution du 20, pour representer l'innocence du sieur Beverning, ayant juré que
l'acte de seclusion ne provenoit de lui, ne d'aucun de la provinces d'Hollande; consequement, qu'il plust aux estats generaux de retirer, & oster leur resolution du 7 Jan. &
admettre le sieur Beverning a la charge de tresorier. La Geldre & Utrecht declararent de
n'avoir point ordre contre cela; mais la Zeelande, Freize, Overysell, Groning, Omlande ont
persisté en la dite resolution du 19 Decembre, disant, que Beverning doive faire rapport
au contentement des provinces devant toutes choses, ou devant qu'estre admis a la dite
charge; & par ainsy l'affaire a encore hesité.
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Du parti du Twente & Deventer ont esté icy les sieurs Bentinck & Scheel, deux gentilhommes fort bons Hollandois, mais ils n'ont que parlé sous mains a un & autre de estats de Hollande, sans que
toutefois dans les estats de Hollande en soit proposé aucune chose. L'intention de ces 2 quartiers est non seulement de ne vouloir point de stadtholder pour eux, mais voulant aussy, que les autres membres
soyent sans stadtholder; presupposé ce principe, que devant tout soit preallablement unaniment resolu an, postea quis debeat eligi.
Touchant les hostilities de Sallé, l'advis tant de l'admirauté a Amsterdam que de Hollande est, qu'on doive traiter & tascher a faire un accord avec ce governeur de Sallé.
Il se trouve, que le jeune Tromp a principalement bouté ce feu, les ayant irrité par la
prinse d'un navire, qui est pary; & sur cela sont suivies un & autre prinse de coste &
d'autre. Neantmoins cela n'aydant pas, que l'on tentera la voye de Guerre, & toutefois
pour encore n'est rien resolu de l'equipage des 36 navires vers le mer Mediterranée.
Le sieur conseilier Veth pour avoir battu sa femme interdit de sa session, a la mine de
ne rentrer jamais dans sa charge. Quantité de ces Zeelandois ou Zeuwen sont un peu
furieux; sunt sævi; & quantité d'eux autrefois croyoient & crioient, qu'il estoit aussy
aisé de chasser les parlimentaires (qu'ils appelloiet rebelles) de l'Angleterre, comme de
chasser la femme de chez soy. Vous auries dit, que chaque sævus ou Zeelandois avoit
un staert dans le bee, & regardoit ou estoit le restant. Mais par la guerre de ces 2 ans ils
en ont esté desabuses, & ne crient plus si haut, & sont moins sævi, si ce n'est contre une
Et quant au sieur d'Achtienhoven, son affaire a desja esté devant commissaires de la
court de Hollande, Dorp, & Nyrop. Il fait tout ce qu'il peut pour ce faire declarer
cocu, produissant aussy une petite fille, dont sa femme accouchea lendemain de ses nopces.
Il l'a icy devant tenu secret, & toutefois avoué pour sienne. Maintenant il doubte, si
l'infant est de luy seul, comme la production de ces cornes est indubitablement de sa femme
seule, selon sa propre confession. Les messieurs ont pour devise cum Dec pavus sit leo.
Maintenant disent leurs envieux faut mettre, si vult diabolus, pavo sit cuculus.
Ce Jan. 29. [1655. N. S.]
Vostre tres humble &c.
A Letter of intelligence from the Hague.
V. xxii. p. 409.
Encore aujourd'huy (comme toute cette semaine) on à alterqué touchant la resolution
Hollandoise du 20, parlant do la justification du sieur Beverning. Hier estant conceu
quelque conclusion, elle fust a ce matin a la resumption trouvée un peu changee: de quoy
le sieur Veth accuse le sieur Mareignault, & en eurent grosses parolles jusques des reproches
de sot, ignorant, ne manquant rien que l'application de coups de poing; & je apprens, que
la conclusion en fin sera simple waarop gedeliberant synde sebben de provincien gepersistent
by vorige advysen & dien on vermendert versoest copie van de gemelde resolutie vand
20 Jan. Par la ce voit bien qu'entre ceux de Zeelande il y a grande discrepance: il y a
aussy en nouvelle instance de la part de Schop & du conseil de guerre pour expedition de
justice, ou pour & sur la judicature de Haex & Schoneburgh. Du protecteur & du parlement le sieur Nicupoort escrit modestement; mais les royalistes icy ont advis, que la plus
part de la milice soyent contre le lord protecteur, comme aussy la plus part du parlement,
specialement que la lieutenant general du general Monck, assavoir Overton, seroit arresté,
& que tous ceux la soyent de la conspiration. Je suis
Ce Jan. 29, [1655. N. S.]
Mr. William Sheffield and mr. Thomas Cockram to the protector.
V. xxii. p. 411.
May it please your highnes,
We receaved your highnes letter of the 13th of this instant January, which hath
much refreshed our spiritts, and in pursuance of our duty wee further give your
highnes to understand, that imediately uppon the newes of armes being seized at Burton
uppon Trent, the quakers, who were at Swannington, sent to those at Ashby de la Zouch,
at eight of the clock in the night, to breake up presently, and be gone. And they went
away from Ashby (which borders more uppon Burton) that very night (though it was
darke and rayny) at eleven of the clock, and those at Swannington dispersed themselves
very early the next morning. They say they had summons to rendevouz from one Foxe,
who gave them intimation, that there should be betweene one and two thousand. And
though under pretence of peacablenes, they had not soe much as a cane or a staffe in their
hands, yet some of them were accidentally seene to have pistolls at theire sides under theire
cloakes and in their pocketts. The printer who was with them was Giles Calvert of
London, who stay'd with them eight or nine dayes, and is now gone up to London
with two or three queere of paper written to be putt into print. One Muggleston of
Swannington, whose howse was the onlie place of theire entertainment, did say, that
Cockram should smart for his hard speeches concerning them; and for Sheffield, they
sayd, they should have him in the lowse–howse ere it were long. Wee take the boldnes
further to acquaint your highness, that there are many honest men (formerly souldiers) that
are very cordiall to publique interest, and to your highnes, who are very willing (if your
highnes judge meet) to be put into a posture, that they might be the better capable of
serving your highnes and theire countrey. Wee hope, the lord will worke out much good
out of these shakings and consusions, and that this last engine of Sathan shall prove a lye.
In order to which wee humbly begg of the Lord, to keepe your highnes person and heart,
that you may be further instrumentall for the good of these poore nations, which is the
Ibstock, January 21,
most humble servants,