May (2 of 5)
Letter of convocation of the lords the states of Holland.
Vol. xxvi. p. 108.
The lords the states of Holland and Westfriesland did lately part with a firm belief, that the members could not take upon them to give their absolute consent to
the collection of the known augmentation of convoys to make good the charges of the
new intended equipment; and therefore, that they would apply for the said consent,
within the limited time, and comply with the issue thereof, where and as it behoves. But whereas, against expectation, a letter is sent to us from the burgomasters
and governors of the city of Amsterdam, bringing the said consent on the one side, but on
the other side absolutely putting off the raising of the so called last en veyl gelt, for the
motives and reasons expressed in the said letter, a copy whereof goes here inclosed; and
in order to put a stop to the intentions of the said lords, and to make them alter their
resolution, we have decreed for that purpose a special deputation, but all to no purpose;
so that no more can be done by us therein. And because the said affair is of great
weight, and of a momentous consequence, for the service of the country, we did not
think it proper to leave the same undecided any longer; and therefore we have thought
it necessary, to summon an assembly of the said lords the states of Holland and Westfriesland, to meet together on tuesday the first of the ensuing month of June, to deliberate
and resolve upon the said subject, and what belongs to the same; very friendly and earnestly desiring, that your honours would be pleased to send your deputies hither against the
said day, with such instructions, whereby the service of this state may be promoted and
considered: which we depend upon.
At the Hague, May 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Add to this, that the projected resolution of the 13th of May
last past, concerning the new equipment, is sufficiently opposed
by the letters from all the sea-port towns.
A letter of intelligence.
Rome, May 24, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvii. p. 137.
Yours of the 22d of last month I received, by which manifestly I see the protector
is as he was ever wonted, victorious, and poor R. C. for ever undone. Poor fools,
that rise for him, must hang; and that is the usual pay of royal armies now adays. Yet
some royalists here will have a general peace presently made by this pope, and R. C.
quarrel undertaken by the universality of catholicks; but this is not the first vain toss they
have had here of this nature. It matters not; but since my last I can tell you something
more solid touching the peace betwixt the two crowns; for this pope is really resolved by
all the means he can to have it done, and that with as much expedition as may be. To
which purpose he writ lately to the kings of France and Spain to forbear being too forward
in their treaty with the protector; in answer to which letters are expected in due time.
An express is sent to Spain, because there is no nuncio there, but not to Paris, only a
letter in the nuncio's way, one being resident there. This pope being a familiar acquaintance of the emperor's, has a great affection and respect to him, and writ much to him
of this peace. Time will let you know I speak truth, and that great endeavours shall be
for the said peace. This pope studies much how to make bishops in Portugal, but without prejudice to the king of Spain, which is a difficult work. There is no more of it here
at present. His holiness has sent to the duke of Modena to make his peace with Spain;
and it is thought by the means of the Barbarinis he will prevail, they being the greatest with
him. Great preparations are making in Naples, which, 'tis thought, will march against
Modena, if a reconciliation be not made. There are now four red caps vacant.
I hear prince Camillo Pamfilio is absolved from his title of general, but none as yet in
his place. The Venetian embassador came hither to congratulate his holiness; to morrow
he is to execute that office.
It is certain the pope gives to the states of Venice all the profits attributed to
the offices of being general to the church, general of the gallies, and all forts in his territories; as also of Chastelain, castle of St. Angelo, &c. In the mean time he ordered the
troops he raised for the service of that commonwealth, to march to Ferrara, from whence
they shall be sent to Venice.
They talk here of a marriage to be betwixt prince Borghese his nephew, and a niece of
this pope's. Aliquid carnis & sanguinis. None of his holiness's friends are yet permitted
to come to court.
His holiness ordered to examine the cause of imprisonment of monsieur Savelli and
others committed by the late pope. They are all after by his holiness's commands set at
liberty. It was remarked, his holiness having a mind to buy some of the house furniture
belonging to the late deceased cardinal Montalto, all those, that have had interest in the said
goods, endeavoured to make a present to his holiness of what he had a mind to buy,
which he refused, and paid more than the value for as much as he bought.
Many cardinals parted from hence lately; some to their archbishopricks and bishopricks,
others to their other stations, being thereto required. And so you have this last week's
news from, sir,
Copy of a letter written from Paris unto mr. Petit, the 24/14 May, by one of the
English merchants interessed in the seizures made upon them at St. Malo.
Vol. xxvi. p. 167.
This is to inform you of the mainlevée pure and single granted unto me, for part
of the seizures made upon us at St. Malo, which I thought fit to follow apart since
your departure. I have already received the decree thereof; it orders me charges,
damages, and interests, which I will cause to be taxed, amounting to above 10000 livres
Tournois. It's a great prejudication for all the rest. We perceive well the effect of a
good going on of the affairs, and of the protection you have given me to understand.
The count of Brienne has also dispatched the three letters de cachet of the king, whereof
you had hopes given you by the last orders, to supersede the suit in law our parties thought
to have made in your absence against mr. James Thurston, our countryman, dwelling at
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to his father.
Vol. xxvi. p. 140.
I did expect to hear of the admiration, whereof you write me word, which my letter
did occasion, wherein I gave notice of the audience I had demanded to take my leave.
I do no less admire at the strange proceedings of this state, whose interest I always did
conceive to be, to agree with France. If my conjectures are false, they had at least very
great ground; and it is not a crime in an embassador to penetrate into the secrets of those,
with whom men treat. All that I can perceive at present is, that they will endeavour
to delay me for some longer time. They promised me a resolution this day; but the
lord protector and most of the council have been in the country these three days,
and from whence they returned this afternoon; and my chiefest commissioner is remaining
still in the country. However I did not fail to send to the secretary of state, who sent me
word, that his highness had taken some resolution upon my affairs on friday last; and
that it should be sent to me very suddenly. This answer doth not afford me any matter to
write to the court; therefore you may be pleased to signify so much unto them, in regard you know I will not give them any hope of expedition, having been deceived so
often; but if one may judge of it by the discourse of the ministers, and likewise of the
lord protector himself, one might consider the treaty as good as concluded, and ready to
be signed. However I have advice, that they will still delay me from time to time; but
the orders of the court, nor my domestick affairs, will not permit me to forbear any
longer. Wherefore I will not defer my departure, if speedy satisfaction be not given me;
and if the ministers of France be of another mind, they ought, without loss of time, to
explain themselves, and provide at the same time for my subsistence; for life is the foundation of all actions. If I have not wherewithal to maintain it, it is in vain to think of
my abode here, or of doing any good service.
The Spanish embassador had audience on friday last: his overtures are not yet come
to my knowledge: he doth all that he can to hinder the conclusion of our treaty.
They are still freighting of ships to send to America. Here is news come, that the
gallies of Spain will not arrive this summer, at which the merchants are very much
May 24, 1655. [N. S.]
To the states general.
Vol. xxvi. p. 209.
High and mighty lords,
My lords, according to, and in obedience of your high mightinesses resolution
of the 16th of this current month, we set out (most of us) on Wednesday the
19th following from the Hague, and arrived here at Groningen on the 23d instant
in the morning, about 8 o'Clock, except mr. Aylva (whom we found here, and understood that he was arrived already, on friday last the 21st of this month, in obedience
to your high mightinesses letter of the 16th past) and the counfellor pensionary de Witt,
who likewise arrived here yesterday towards the evening. Whereupon in the first place, and
especially, messieurs Lodestein and Aylva aforementioned, in compliance with your high
mightinesses resolution and authorisation granted to the lord Schoock, bearing date the
17th instant, and delivered into the hands of the said lord Schoock, did promise
upon their oath, which they had here before taken to the state, that they would exactly
regulate themselves according to the last article of our instructions, agreed to, on the
16th instant, and to the resolution of the 10th of August, 1651. where we inserted that
promise, which the other deputies of your high mightinesses had made, in the hands of
the lord president, before their departure, in the assembly of your high mightinesses.
My lord the Prince William of Nassaw, being present in loco, paid us his compliments,
in honour of your high mightinesses, immediately after our arrival, viz. after the forenoon's sermon; in the afternoon we paid him our contra-visit, wherein only the customary
expressions of civility and compliments were used.
The lords vander Hoolck and Ripperda are not yet arrived here; however we expect
them very soon; and whereas we think it to be your high mightinesses intention, that we
should hasten our conferences, as much as possible, we will wait for the arrival of the said
absent lords: however, under your high mightinesses approbation, we will begin to prepare
matters, and do follow your high mightinesses good intention, as much as lies in our
Groningen, May 14/24, 1655.
High and mighty lords, &c.
E. V. Lodestein.
John de Witt.
J. de Mauregnault.
John van Aylva.
Positiones serenissimo et celsissimo domino domino protectori Magnæ Britanniæ humillime oblatæ.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great-Britain.
1. Celsissimæ suæ serenitati Angliæ, Scotiæ, et Hiberniæ domino protectori, celsissimus
Transylvaniæ princeps amicitiam suam sinceram, omniaque ea studia, quæ ad eam
comparandam et conservandam facere possunt, significat et defert. Quæ si suæ celsissimæ
serenitati grata futura est, vicissim nihil gratius et acceptius erit suæ celsitudini Transylvaniæ
principi, quam mutuæ cointelligentiæ et correspondentiæ erigere utrinque monumentum,
si dignum et utile suæ celsissimæ serenitati videbitur.
2. Percrebuit ad aures celsitudinis Transylvaniæ principis fama non vulgaris, confœderationem inter populum Angliæ, regnum Sueciæ, fœderati Belgii Unitas Provincias, extincto
cum illis bello, stabilitam esse, pro bono publico, pro gloria Dei, pro libertate oppressarum
gentium et conscientiarum. Ideò an talia fœdera, quæ orbi Christiano in hac nunc horribili passim perfecutione maximoperè optanda essent, jam rata sint; aut an propositum
sit, aut verisimilitudo talia fœdera aliquando inuendi, sua celsitudo Transylvaniæ princeps
cognoscere expetit, & benevolam informationem desiderat.
3. Cum sua celsitudo Transylvaniæ princeps eo locorum positus sit, utpotè non solum
ad viciniam in Poloniâ strepentium armorum, verùm cum tanta etiam orbis concussio ubique sentiatur, ut meritò longiùs prospiciendum sit, omnino maximè necessarium putat intelligere celsissimæ suæ serenitatis ulterius intentum, quo se nempe conatus ardui propositi,
quod celsissima sua serenitas in animo volvere dicitur, reflectat; præsertim tam insigni et
omnibus stupendo omnium rerum ad militiam spectantium apparatu, tam mari quam terra
comparato. Quocirca sua celsitudo Transylvaniæ princeps enixè expetit, ut celsissima sua
serenitas non dedignetur suam celsitudinem certam reddere de hac suâ intentione et animi
proposito, quocunque etiam spectet in hac rerum et orbis commotione, quantum per ratio
nem status fieri licet, et quousque arcana reipublicæ communicare fas est, cùm hac certâ
et infallibili assecuratione, quâ suam celsissimam serenitatem assecurandam jubet Transylvaniæ princeps, non defuturum suæ celsitudini Transylvaniæ principi ergà gloriam Dei,
et publicum bonum promovendum, quantum per circumstantiam status suæ celsitudinis
Transylvaniæ principis licebit, zelum quoque ad communem juvandam causam, dummodo
liquidò intelligere possit celsissimæ suæ serenitatis reflexionem.
Quæ si sua celsitudo Transylvaniæ princeps obtinebit, nimirum ut in his omnibus tempestivè informetur, rem gratissimam et desideratissimam obtinebit pro voto; quam pari
studio sua celsitudo relatum erit. Quorum informatio non faciet solum ad fundamentum
futuræ cointelligentiæ, quam sua celsitudo procul omni dubio majore solennitate quam
nunc fit, stabiliendam curabit, verum ad tempestivam etiam circumspectionem, quâ sibi
sua celsitudo Transylvaniæ princeps prospiciet, tam de internâ securitate regni & principatus sui, quam de mediis melius ordinandis, quæ in futurum servire poterunt causæ publicæ.
Hæc me cum debitâ submissione serenissimo et celsissimo Magnæ Britanniæ domino
protectori nomine celsissimi Transylvaniæ principis proposuisse testor 14/24 Maii 1655.
Constantin. Schaum, à celsissimo Transylvaniæ principe ablegatus.
The prince of Transylvania's envoy to secretary Thurloe.
In the possession of the right honourable Philip lord Hardwicke, lord high chancellor of Great-Britain.
Magnifice ac generose domine secretarie, domine observandissime,
Ex jussu & mandato serenissimi & celsissimi Angliæ, Scotiæ, & Hiberniæ domini
protectoris, positiones illas, quas nuper ore tenus proposui, in scripto transmitto. Obnixe rogo, ut celsissimæ suæ serenitati domino protectori cum debitâ meâ observantiâ offerantur, adjectâ hac humillimâ petitione, ut tandem hinc clementissimè dimittar ad ingrediendum iter meum, quod sanè longinquum habeo.
Si etiam fieri potest, rogo, ut magnifica vestra generositas haud gravatim mihi velit tempus designare, quo eam convenire possim quædam conferendi gratiâ cum magnificâ vestrâ
dominatione, quam bene valere cupio,
Vestræ generosæ magnificentiæ servitor,
Principis celsissimi Transylvaniæ familiaris & secretarius pro tempore ablegatus.
The prince of Condé to Barriere.
Brussels, May 25, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 145.
I HAVE advice from Spain, which doth assure me, that I shall receive fifty thousand
escus of the money, which the lord de Cardenas hath in his hands. I pray you give
notice thereof to the said lord, that the money may be ready, for I expect to receive
sufficient orders for the same by the next post, and I will presently send one into England
to receive that money. In the mean time see, if you can prevail with my lord protector,
to let me have a man of war to bring over my money safe; otherwise it must be made
over by bill of exchange. See what can be done, and do herein as you shall think fit;
and in regard I owe still something to the Irish, be sure you let no body know, that I have
money in England, but give out that it is some money of the king of Spain's.
General Monck to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxvi. p. 151.
I have received your leter dated the 7th of May, and am glad to heare that the
fleet gott soe well forward. The shipps kept together, and the men had their health
soe well, for which blessed bee God, in whom (I hope) wee shall heare of their good success. Wee have little newes heere. All those, that are out in armes, have made applications to come in, and (I beleeve) will conclude before there be grass for horse in the hills.
I beleeve we shall not have much to doe this summer, but to provide our garrisons with
provisions this winter.
I have thought fit to acquaint you with a particular (in case there should bee any application made by the Scots in Leith to his highness concerning mr. Hogg their minister) to
I have given orders to the deputy governor to permit the said mr. Hogg to preache
noe more there, which I did, because of the great resort of Scotche people to the towne
to his churche; and indeede it might endanger the looseing that towne, if their meetings
there continued; for there mett sometimes 1500 neere our magazin, whence they might
come (when the forces are at other churches and meeteing places for the worship of God)
to seize on our magazin, and make themselves masters of the towne; in respect whereof,
and that the said mr. Hogg preached for Charles Stuart, this was don. I remaine
Dalkeith, May 15,
Your most affectionat friend and servant,
Secretary Thurloe to H. Cromwell, major general of the army in Ireland.
In the possession of the right honourable the earl of Shelburn.
Your lordship will receive herewith coppies of two letters, which I received the last
weeke, whereby you will see the condition the poore protestants are in in the dominions
of the duke of Savoy. There is noe question, but all our popish neighbours have the
same minde, and will fall to the like worke, as they have opportunitie. And I doe assure
your lordship, the government heere want not sence of these proceedings, and I hope will
expresse a just zeale therein, as the Lord affords them meanes. In the meane tyme letters
will be writ on their behalfe. The French army is takeinge the field; the king will comaund
it in person, and it's sayd to be very stronge, at least 37000 stronge; the Spanyard seemes
to be in noe wyse able to resist hym, and therfore must probablie be upon a defensive
posture. All the discourse now is concerninge the Swede, who is with an army of
50000 in Pomerland, marchinge towards Prussia; and, as is sayd particularly against
Dantzicke, which is under the protection of the kinge of Poland; and if he masters this
place, it will be more worth to hym then all his kingdome of Sweden. He will by
this have the comaund of all the trade in the Baltique sea, haveinge besides a good
fleete of 36 men of warre, with which he will beseidge the sayd towne at sea. The
states generall are very apprehensive of this designe of the Swede, which they have great
reason for, in respect all their trade in those parts, which is very great, will be brought
under the power of the Swede. Wee cannot yet conclude with France: sometymes wee
are neare a close, but at other tymes very farre asunder; in the meane tyme wee have
had heere a Spanish extraordinary embassador from Spayne about 10 dayes. He hath
made some tender of an allyance upon extraordinary termes; what they are like to
come to, you may easily judge: Our old enemies have not yet quit their hopes; they
are upon new designes, and that which they most intend now is the murder of the
protector. I thinke their will be a necessitie to deale with that generation of men, as
the Irish are dealt with in Ireland. It is certeyne they are restlesse in their attempts; it is
certeyne, Middleton is gone out of Scotland beyond sea; soe that wee hope that countrye
may be settled this summer. And when the comon enemie is downe, I wish our old
friends doe not give trouble: but I trust the Lord will in his owne good tyme make
peace amongst his own people. Your Lordship need not feare, that places and offices
to be settled in Ireland shall be supplyed heere. I doe assure you, that there is noe
such intention, but to leave that to your lordship; nor will they be hastie heere to
send you judges, before you are acquainted with them. I have not further to trouble
your lordship with, but to subscribe me
Whitehall, May 15, 55.
Your lordship's most humble servant,
Paulus Pels, the Dutch commissioner, to monsieur de Bye.
Dantzick, May 26, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 152.
Our condition is here still uncertain; we do arm and fortify ourselves as well as we
can against the invasion of the Swedes; pray God, there may be no need of it. The
king, after the general meeting, is expected in Prussia. We do hope a good accommodation
will be made with the Cossacks, and it may be likewise with the Muscovites, whose armies
are miserably ruined through the plague.
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, May 26, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 162.
Yours I received by this post, by which I see you have no great news in England,
all being quiet. The audience of the Spanish ambassador is no small trouble to us.
We fear much he will obstruct our peace with the protector, with giving cities and forts
to the protector, as I writ formerly; but some at council here certainly aver, the king
of Spain will never do it. However, mr. Bordeaux wants not new instigations every
week to proceed and conclude in this treaty, of which you will know more there in time.
Several relations are here from Savoy touching the Hugonots.
I have seen a letter from Turin of the 12th instant, which imports thus: That the
principal circumstances confirmed from Vallée de Lucerne are, that 3000 Hugonots were
slain and perished in the snow. Also that 1500 catholics were slain upon the place.
That there were 3000 houses of the Hugonots burnt with all their places of devotion.
It is confirmed also, that 300 children of the Hugonots were taken by the catholics,
and are now entertained and instructed by them in that religion.
The Valée of St. Martin, which was fortified by the hugonets that fled away, is surrendred, and the booty the catholicks took from the Hugonots came to 15000 bestials,
besides quantity of gold and silver, with other riches, which is the last news from Savoy;
and what further I can learn you shall have since you so earnestly desire it.
Our recruits of Switzers this season are 6000, all in their march to Champaigne to
join with Turenne.
Our recruits from Bretagne being 4000 are in their march to Picardy, and the marquis
of Castlenau meets them the last of this month at Abbeville. All the volontiers are
gone, and you have now no more from,
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, May 26, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 158.
The last letters from Nantz bring us, how Mareschal de la Ferté arrived there with
his wife, who had her received most gallantly both by his army and the townsmen.
First he caused all his troops to advance within 12 leagues to that city, where they were in
order, as if they were to give a battle; by which she was received with great honour
and respect, and marched in her company three leagues from that place, where they met
all the dames of Nantz, both in coaches, and the most part a horse-back, and in order
as the troops that conveyed her before. They all came and complimented highly this
lady, singing and dancing, having people with them with their instruments to that
effect. They gave her a royal collation, after which they marched all in order, till they
were within half a league to the city, where they found all the burghers in arms, which
saluted her several times with their muskets and the artillery of the city playing during
their salutations; and between both the gates of the city they met with the citizens, who
made long and eloquent speeches before that lady, great fires in all the streets, fountains of
wine given out the town; besides made her a present of silver plate for her table
gilded with gold, worth 5000 pistoles, with a little casket of 100 pistoles, wherein was
worth 300 pistoles of fine laces and rare little things. The said mareschal has given to
mr. de Roisselau, uncle to his wife, the government of Mirccour, the charge and lieutenancy of gens d'armes to chevalier de Fourville, another friend of her's, which is all
of that story.
The rendezvous of mareschal Turenne's army will consist of 277 companies, and his
horse of 150 companies; and the army of mareschal Senneterre will be in number 10000
men, who will have his rendezvous near Stenay; and besides them, mr. le Bar will command a flying party of 5000 horse. Some say the king will go in person with that
army of Turenne.
Last saturday some of the parliament were resolved to make their assemblies against
the first president's advice, which was like to be troublesome; but were pressed so by
the said first president and many others in the behalf, and especially mr. de Grandmont,
who was resolved to go unto that assembly himself, and bring with him 15 companies of
the guard, which staid here on purpose for that occasion; in fine, that they were as yet
deferr'd, 'till further orders, and the 15 companies of the guard are gone away yesterday,
by reason they saw nothing to be in that matter.
The duke of Orleans's wife and daughter parted last thursday for Blois, where they
will stay about eight or ten days; and yesterday madam de Guise parted hence to meet
them at Orleans, to sign the accommodation of their differences, which you heard of
Madammoiselle Martinozzi parted hence last thursday, to meet the king at Compiegne;
and to that purpose those that sing for the king are gone away all with their instruments.
Her marriage was published last sunday in the parish of St. Germain de Leurenois.
The cardinal got the 4000 pistoles stolen, for which he imprisoned one of his valets de
chambre, and another woman; but we do not yet hear how he got it.
It's written from Languedoc, that count de Rieux, second son to the duke of Elbeuf,
taking the air at Privas one day, a certain gentleman passing by him, who did not salute
him (as some say) because he did not see him; however the said count's men advertized
their master of it, who presently ran after the gentleman, to offend him; upon which
the gentleman drew his sword, to defend himself; but the count's men, seeing of that,
beat well the gentleman, who being known in town, the people rose in his behalf, and
did not spare either the count or his men, which were all wounded, and two made
prisoners; but the consul came and accommodated the business next day, and set the two
men at liberty.
The bishops deputed here from the clergy of Languedoc have orders from that province,
to enquire a bishoprick for the abbot Beauregard, heretofore a general agent for the clergy;
and to represent to his majesty, that every one that had the like commission before him,
was recompensed by the king with a bishoprick.
Last thursday four gazetteers were committed to prison, for selling privately in print
the copy of cardinal de Retz his letter to the clergy of France, two or three months ago,
as you heard of before.
The states of Bretagne, which were to meet the 6th of next month, are deferred yet to
The marriage of monsieur the grand master of the artillery, is deferred also till after this
campaign; yet his majesty continues his affection for his mistress still.
We are afraid our treaty with England will be deferred by the means of that extraordinary embassador from Spain; and the wife of our embassador there is resolved to go
for England, thinking her husband must stay yet longer than he thinks.
Our letters are here of late so high taxed, that we shall not be able to pay the post.
And I am sure many will give over correspondency by reason of that, which is also
Sir, your most humble servant.
A letter of intelligence to mr. Petit.
Paris, 16/26 May, 1655.
Vol. xxvi. p. 165.
The king and the whole court parted on last saturday from Chantilli for Compiegne,
where he arrived at night. The ceremonies of mademoiselle Martinozzi's wedding with the duke of Modena's son, (who will be represented by the prince Eugene,
prince Thomas's son) are to be performed there to day or to morrow; and the said lady
will in consequence be led unto her spouse by mr. de Noailles.
The duke of Mantua is expected here. He will be lodged in the Louvre, and feasted
8 days at the king's charges. This prince's voyage causeth many discourses, and one can
hardly guess the motive thereof: time will bring it to light.
All the troops march to their rendezvous, and mr. de Turenne is gone to the Quesnoy,
to give orders there until the forces be assembled. The enemys do also gather together.
It's written from Bruxells, that mr. le prince will command towards Luxembourg, the
earl of Brouy upon the river of Lis, and Fuensaldagna another body; that they hope to
have a great number of horse, but very few foot.
The count of Broglio parted last week for Modena, and all the troops of Dauphiné and
Provence, which are to serve in the Milanese and for the duke of Modena, march so,
that the campaign will doubtless be fine in those parts. Mr. de St. André Montbrun
will command under prince Thomas, as also mr. de Refuge, an old and experienced captain, who some years since had had no imployment.
The diet of Hungary continueth still, and the divisions, which were there between the
papists and protestants, have hitherto hindered the conclusion, as well as the crowning of
the emperor's son.
The Swedish armaments continue, and their designs are so secret, that all Germany is in
pain thereof, but cannot yet discover it.
The baron of Navarre coming from Bruxells for Spain, as you have heard, hath conferred here with some of our ministers' of state at the count of Brienne's house, and hath
exhorted them to a generall peace.
Another letter unto the said mr. Petit by one of the deputies of the religion, of the
Vol. xxvi. p. 166.
My last will have informed you of the extreame straight, wherein our poor brethren
subjects to the dutchess of Savoy are reduced by her violence. Those that are done
unto us, do daily give us cause to humble ourselves before God, and to pray him for the
prosperity of my lord protector. I pray you consider, how we have been dealt with at Florensac, soon after the commissioners had re-established there the exercise of the religion,
according to the king's will; the papists having hindered those of the religion from
meeting, and driving them from the place where they were to assemble, and seeing that
most part of them were in a neighbouring house, they broke open the doors, beat both
men and women, and plundered it. The minister being taken, and endeavouring to save
himself over the houses, was drawn along by the hair, and put out of the city, with prohibitions not to return thither under penalty of life; all this being done by the consuls
themselves at the head of the people. We hope that the peace between these two states
being once ended, will serve for a bit unto our enemies, by reason they will be obliged to
consider us more than ever, and that our persecutors will fear to become the subject of a
new misunderstanding, especially if the prosperity of England do but increase according
unto our wishes, and the likelihood his highness's vigorous government gives thereof.
From Turin 26/16 May, 1655.
Vol. xxvi. p. 168.
The count of Broglio arrived here about the end of the last week, and will shortly
pass into Modena with a body of an army, which is to be shipped in the armada
now preparing in Provence.
The forces assemble in these parts to begin the campaign about the latter end of next
month. The governor of Milan hasteneth his preparatives both for his defence on his
side, as also towards Modena. The protestants of the valley of Lucerne have gathered
themselves to the number of 800, and have cantoned themselves in the hills, from whence
they come down unawares, and do not only plunder all that they can find, but also commit
unheard of cruelties against all the papists they can light on. For which purpose his
royal highness is resolved to send thither 3000 horse to hinder their courses.
The states general to the duke of Savoy.
Maii 27, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 176.
Tres haut, tres puisant, & tres excellent prince,
Nous venons d'estre informez a nostre tres grand & sensible regret du detestable
massacre, qui depuis n'agueres a este commis a l'encontre de ceux de la religion des
Vauldois, qui durant quelques siecles se sont conservez dans les vallees d'Angrogne &
de Pragelas sous la jurisdiction de vostre altesse, en Piedmont, dont un infini de tout
age & sexe, par une cruauté horrible, & execution toute barbare, auroit este immolé a la
fureur de leurs adversaires, non obstant les sauvegardes, qui de temps leur ont esté donnez
de la part de vos prædecesseurs, aussy bien que de vostre altesse mesmc. Or comme
nous avons esté touchez d'un tres sensible de plaisir de ce malheureux disastre survenu
a tant de pauvres Christiens, dont le sang innocent pourra un jour crier vengeance
envers Dieu, comme celuy d'Abel, nous avons creu estre de nostre devoir, & compassion Christienne, comme intercessez dans la conservation de touts ceux, qui font prosession de la religion reformée, de prier & requerer tres instamment vostre altesse, comme
nous faisons de tout nostre cœur & affection par ces presentes, qu'il luy plaise par un
instinct vrayement Christien de prendre elle mesme la cognoissance de la cause & plaintes
de ces pauvres Christiens persecutez, sans les renvoyer a ceux, qui se disent estre de la
congregation de la propagation de la, & de l'extirpation des heretiques, leurs adversaires
jures & formels, qui au lieu de les convaincre par des raisons solides & esclatantes
fondees en la parole de Dieu, contre toutes les reigles de la douceur & charité Christienne,
& le commendement expres de nostre seigneur & redempteur Jesus Christ, les ont persecutez
a feu & a sac. Ensemble qu'il plaise a vostre altesse de donner les ordres necessaires,
que les sanglantes & barbares persecutions contre ces pauvres innocents & miserables
puissent cesser au plustost, & le reste de ce petit troupeau estre remis dans leurs biens &
terres, qui leur ont estre ostées & ravies avec tant d'inhumanité & injustice. Vostre
altesse fera en cecy un œuvre digne de sa grandeur & justice; & nous ne manquerons pas
de prier Dieu, de luy vouloir inspirer des conseils moderes & salutaires a la conservation
d'une partie de ses fidelles subjects, qui n'ayant jamais eu autre but, selon que nous en
sommes informes, que la gloire de Dieu & l'exaltation de son grand nom sous une parfaite obeissance a leur princes, se sont reposez sur le sauvegarde & protection, que vos
ancestres, & vostre altesse mesme leur avoient departies; en quoy faisant vostre altesse
nous obligera de plus en plus de demeurer, &c.
Mr. Morell to secretary Thurloe.
Paris, May 27, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 182.
My letters from Marcellis of the 18th May advise mee, that after my long patience,
and unwearied transactions, with this state, itt hath pleased God to release our Lady
Fryett, and deliver her out of that port, which is as badd as Tunis; so that howeaver
they name ther king absolute, unless wee bee his friends, they finde it is but tittuler. St.
Mallo's, Nance, Tholloone, yee most of his ports and governors, are as many petty
kings, whom he fears to check, till the contract of our amitie bee syned, which makes
him absolut. I have returned thanks to the cardenall by letters; for the byassing of infeours ought not in equity and justice lessen my respect and syvillitie to him, who is sensable
of the troble given mee, in which hee suffers, and must, untill England and France bee
friends. The crowned Lyon is now my next worke, which I hope will com offe easier,
now thoes parties see I act not, but on grounds, which must dishonour ther state to refuse
From Tholoone they writt mee, that generall Blake hath bin refused provisions by 2
ports of the Spaniards on the Turkey shore, and so is gonn to Arger for them, and then
Du Poll, commander in cheese under the duke of Vandome, will rejoyce att his absence, ife itt prove trew. Wee are here modestly unsyvill with the king: he commanded
the parlament of Paris not to assemble, and to pass his edicts. They have assembled,
and voted the edicts may not pass for manie reasons, which his majesty is to bee desired
to take into consideration, and to direct for tyme to com in the accustomed : in English
thus, the king will have his will ther law; and this parlament will give it a bridle, and
curb to reason and publicke good.
Wee have it from good hands, as they say, that the trettey with France is syned; my
vote is for that, many reasons mee indusing, and yett making reflection on the Spaniards
grav complaint and greate cost to gaine his interrest on us. Prudencie, yee and pollecy,
whisper mee, that his highness cannot give his result so suddenly. God direct him and his
council, as may most conduce to God's glory, and ther the publicke will finde the greatest
quiet and comfort; which shall be the unfeygned desires of him, that as in duty remaynes,
Your honnour's most humble servant,
Fleetwood, lord deputy of Ireland, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxvi. p. 175.
Ther is a very worthy person heare, one mr. Standish, the receiver general of Ireland, who hath long and faithfully served the state, and truly deserved from the
publicke. If it be considered what dilligence and faithfullness he hath expressed, it will
be manifest he is a person exceedingly meriting his desires to take some bishopp's lands
in Ireland. I shall only presume to recommend him to your special favor, that if he
makes his perticuler application to the counsell about the same, that he may receive some
mark of favor. His case is very singular; he hath longe served, and now when as others
are in hopes of reaping some fruits of their former labours, by having their lands sett
out for arrears, he hath none. I think I may say with much confydence, that ther was
never any person in his capacity served a state with greater faithfullnes and good husbandry
then himselfe. If the Lord had not blest his endeavors, and given him a most faithfull,
carfull, and dilligent heart, to husband his imployment to the best advantage, Ireland
had beine in a sadde condition probably longe before this time; and though I am sparing
in recommending perticuler persons concernment (knowing the necessityes, which lye upon
the publick) yet considering his case different from others, I thought it convenient to intreat your interest and favorable assistance in what he shall present to his highnes or counsell,
which will further oblige
May 17, 1655.
Your very affectionate frinde and servant,
Mr. Hugh Grove's speech on the scaffold at Exeter Castle, May 17, 1655.
Vol. xxvi. p. 171.
I was never guilty of much rhethorick, nor ever loved long speeches in my life;
therefore you cannot expect either of them at my death.
All that I shall desire of you, besides your hearty prayers for my soul, is, that you
would bear me withness, I dye a true son of the church of England, as it was established
by king Edward the VIth, queen Elizabeth, king James, and king Charles of ever
blessed memory; and that I dye a loyal subject to king Charles the second, my undoubted
sovereign, and a lover of the good old laws of the land, the just priviledges of parliament, the rights and liberties of the people; for the re-establishing of all which I undertooke this design, and for which I am now ready to lay down my life. God forgive the
judges and councill for perverting the law; and God forgive the bloody minded jury, and
all those that procured them: God forgive Crooke for denying and for swearing his articles so unworthily. And God forgive mr. Dove and the rest, for swearing so falsly and
maliciousty against me. And God forgive all my enemies, for I heartily forgive them.
Now God bless the king, and all those that love him, and turn the hearts of all them that
hate him: God bless you all, and God be merciful unto you, and to my soul. Amen.
Taken in short hand upon the scaffold
by N. I. a true lover of his, and his
constant visitant in prison.
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xxvi. p. 190.
I Cannot giv you any certain advys, whether Spayn and the Genowes ar agreed, being
here affirmed both wayes. However tis uncertain, whether theyr plate fleet be arryvd;
and if it should want but one year, that king wer undon, for that pollitick Machiavillian
way of government is so pernicious to mankynd, that his country is voyd of people,
and without mony he can rais no men. The general language of Jewes in al places,
wher I hav bin, is Spanish, which shewes they ar com most from thence; and I by experience hav seen many hundreds, if not som thousands, landed here. A ship seldom
coms from Spayn, but shi brings many Jewes hether, amongst whom the affaires of al
the Spanish dominions is very wel known. A doctor of fisick of that nation told me
3 dayes since, that theyr learned Rabbins say, a great king of Europ must shortly fly into
the West Indyes, whom they tak to be the king of Spayn, dryven by his necessityes.
I hope general Vennables will shar with him there. I hav not heard any thing from
generall Blak since the 14 April. 'Tis supposed the fleet is gon for Argier. 10 French
ships of war and som gallyes ar latly gon out of Tollon with 3000 soldiors supposed for
Cattalonia. The Spanyard is sending 6 ships from Naples, with the sam comodity
likwys for Cattalonia. My correspondent at Naples has hetherto found only one mare to
his lyking. I am,
May 28, 1655. [N. S.]
Your most faithfull servant,
Marseilles the 18/8 May, 1655.
Vol. xxvi. p. 167.
At last mr. de Mercoeur is gone from Toulon with 6 shipps, 6 gallies, and 2000 men
for the relief of Rozes.
It is true, that general Blake hath burnt 9 Turkish vessells at Tunis, having beaten down
the two forts, that were at the entry of the road, without being able to obtain the
English slaves that are at the said Tunis; in consequence whereof he is gone to recruit
himself at Argier.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
May 22, 1655. [N. S.]
Vol. xxvi. p. 119.
There being come advice from Rochell, that those of Biscay continue their piracies
upon the ships of this state, they have resolved to complain of it, and to write to
the admiralties to advise about it. And the provinces are required to declare themselves
favourably, and without any delay, upon the twelve hundred thousand guilders for the
24 ships, which are desired.
There came yesterday more express advice concerning the defeat (some call it a
massacre) of 4000 Vaudois. And they are very angry against the embassador Boreel,
for not mentioning one word of it; which doth renew and confirm the opinion, which
his enemies have of him, that he is too passionate for France, and that he never writes
any thing, which doth concern or trouble that crown.
There hath been a new instance made for the sending of forces upon the Yssel and the
Rhine; but the councell of State (except the Lord Raesvelt and those of Holland)
being the most part affected to the prince's party, do procrastinate their advice through
cunning and craftiness; to cause to depart in the mean time the lords Ripperda and
Hoolck (being to go to Groningen) and so to weaken that party, which doth favour
Deventer; and after this manner they do dispose and dispute of employing the militia,
not according to the exigency, but according to the affection, faction, and interests of
the factious; for those of Deventer will and pretend to fortify themselves by this means;
and the other party would sooner weaken them, saying, that there is no danger nor fear
of the German levies and forces, and that that only serveth for a pretence.
The lord Nieuport hath writ a particular letter, wherein he giveth to understand, or
rather doth judge the English do not proceed sincerely for a conclusion of the treaty with
France; and it seemeth, that the taking of 20 Holland ships by Penn hath provokt him to
anger, judging the English to be more inclin'd against France, than for that crown.
The Lord Huygens and other commissioners of states general, as also of the counsellors
of the prince of Orange, have consulted with the embassador of Spain for the payment
of the arrear of the said prince. But that being a debt, which never cost the said prince
any thing but only a liberality, the king of Spain would wrong his interests, if he were
too hasty in making satisfaction; and Holland will be very glad, that the said prince
be kept under and low.
This day it was resolved, not to spare the Lorrainers, but to treat and use them
with hostility, when they offer any hostility; for the the king of Spain hath disowned
them: they will also write to the states of Overyssel by duplicates (for there are two
bodies of the states of Overyssel) to name somebody for the chambre mipartie.
The letter of the Rhinegrave, making complaint of the troops and extorsions of the
Lorrainers, he doth also add some complaint against Stevensweert; and upon the first is
vigorously resolved, sending the execution thereof to the councill of state. The second
point will be only matter to speak of to the embassador of Spain.
Prince William hath procured the prolonging of the assembly at Groningen 'till the
13/23 of June, unless that the difference be composed in the mean time. In what manner he
left the difference is said in the inclosed letter, a little old, but not from the purpose.
The 31st is to be an assembly in Zealand, where the difference of Toolen will be discust,
and the lord Haersolte, with the secretary Bredael, is also going thither, on the behalf of
the states of Overyssel.
The prince of Tarente hath signified to the states general by the president, that the
princess his wife is brought to bed of a young prince. The states general did require the
lord president and the lord de Gent to make him a compliment, to congratulate, and to
offer him the office of the states general to be godfather at the christning.
The advice of the council of state having been, that at Deventer there ought to be three
troops of horse, besides them, which are in Overyssel, the states general have confirmed
the said advice; but those of Twent and Deventer have declared, that those troops of
horse, which are in the country of Overyssel, are suspected by them, and that they cannot
trust them, desiring the companies, which are without partiality and without faction.
And in regard that would not be agreed unto, they have protested, that they shall be
obliged to make a new levy, declaring that it is impossible for their citizens and countrymen to bear any longer this burthen.
Those of Holland have companies enough (and likewise of horse) upon their pay and
repartition; and the said Twent and Deventer have solicited them sufficiently to promise,
or let them have some of their repartition. But Holland doth so much fear the breaking
of union, or order, which was made in the great assembly in the year 1651, that they
durst not, yea they durst not so much as promise it; but however in the end they
will be forced to do it, or otherwise no body in the other provinces will adhere unto
In the business of Brandenburg there hath been nothing further done. They have suspicion, that Sweden and Brandenburgh do treat to equal their rights and impositions in
Livonia and Prussia, charging the strangers with a third more than their subjects,
which will be of very great prejudice to the commerce of this state.
On the 9th of June there will be a day of fasting and prayer, to give God thanks for the
peace and prosperity of the state, and to pray him for the continuance of the same.
Yesterday they resolved to write to all the members of Overyssel, to the end they might
send commissioners to a certain place, and there to agree together, what troops are to be
given for the securing of the city of Deventer; and if they cannot agree upon it, that
then they are to write back to the states general.
In Zealand the two magistrates at Tolen do jar and divide the province into two:
Middleburgh and Zirickzee are for the one party; and in case, that the others making
the plurality will make and choose a stadtholder to fortify their party, then it will
be the same comedy which is in Overyssel.
Men do expect at Goes the same play and game, as at Tolen; and this towards the
25th of June.
The lord embassador Boreel having confirmed the massacre of the Vaudois, it hath
highly offended this state. And the protector hath also spoken to the lord embassador
Nieuport about it, although that his publick letters do not make any mention of it. And
some here for pure zeal to the religion, and others to shew themselves zealous, do declare
great displeasure thereat; and France might chance to lose their credit for it. There were
some that did propose to have the embassador of France spoken to about it; but they
left the business to the embassador Boreel to manage. They did also conclude, that the
lord Nieuport hath done very well for having had nothing to do, or taking any notice of
the envoy of Portugal.
Upon the alliance with Brandenburgh there hath been a conference held, but only to
consider the retroacta, and the fervor on either side is not very great.
Also the states of the country of Cleve do represent in particular, and require, that
for this treaty the cities of the country of Cleve may not be evacuated, being provided
at present with garrisons of this state; and also to be secured in the privileges.
The resident of Denmark saith, that by virtue of the treaty of alliance, when this state
will send some men of war towards the Sound, they are to declare it three weeks before;
and in regard it is much said now, that it is intended to send a great fleet to the Sound,
that they would impart it unto him; upon which nothing is yet resolved.
Baron Gustavus Spar of Sweden is already arrived at Amsterdam, going to the queen
Christina; and from thence he is to return here, to make a compliment to the states
general without any more.
In what manner the project of conclusion is in Holland, is to be seen in this extract
concerning Overyssel, wherein Amsterdam especially was difficult. But at last however
Holland must come to it; otherwise they will abandon their own interest. And in the
mean time they do embark here by little and little into a civil faction, which after a smoak
will at last break out into a flame.
At Gorcum there hath been likewise a predominant party. Those, that are domineered
over, had recourse to the provincial court, who sent the lords Dorp and Goes, who found
little obedience; on the contrary, when they would have departed, they found themselves
From the protestant cantons of the Switzers are come letters, with a copy of that,
which the poor banished Vaudois, that escaped the massacre, have writ to the said Switzers.
They do make a sharp complaint of the said massacre; do invite this state to help and assist
those poor banished men with a subsidy. Whereupon they have resolved to write to the
duke of Savoy, notwithstanding that there were six regiments of French.
There was this morning a conference with the lord Wyman, counsellor of the elector
of Brandenburgh, concerning the alliance to be made between this state and Brandenburgh; whereof I know not yet any thing, only that he will make report thereof.
Your most humble servant.
A letter of the honorable burgomasters and rulers of the city of Amsterdam, to the
Vol. xxvi. p. 185.
Noble and mighty lords,
My lords, by the deputies of this city, that have been at the assembly, we are informed
at large, of what has been transacted in their noble and great mightinesses assembly, concerning the armament at sea for the security of the same; as also the funds to be
found for that purpose; and that at last the advices of the members did generally conclude, that instead of the directions money of one and two per cent. upon goods, as also
of the last money, a tax should be consented to, of one third part of convoy money, agreed
to in the year 1651, and that this affair was brought so far, that it was resolved upon in
the said assembly: but whereas the said deputies had no instructions for that purpose,
they took upon themselves to bring over a report thereof to their principals, to have
their resolution hereupon entered in writing. On the same day was also delivered to us an
extract out of the resolutions of their noble and great mightinesses thereunto belonging. For
which purpose we caused the common council of this city to meet. When, considering the
necessity there is that the sea be secured, not only for the sake of the commerce, but also for
the good and reputation of our country in the present conjunctures, when almost all the
power of Christendom fit out great naval armaments, so that the said sea ought not to be
abandoned by this state; it being besides this considered, that some extraordinary funds
ought to be found, whereby at least part of the said armament might be made good; it
was thought necessary, and resolved by the common council, to give also their consent
for the raising of the said tax, so as the said consent is hereby presented to their noble
mightinesses. Provided however, that the present tax of one and two per cent, as also
the last money, shall cease on the first of June next ensuing, and that by their noble mightinesses the matter be thus directed, that by a resolution of their high mightinesses, the
tax of the said one third part, by heightening the ordinary convoy money as above-mentioned, be introduced and take place on the same day.
The necessity we think there is, that the said tax cannot any longer be permitted, has been
debated and demonstrated by the deputies of this city in such a manner, and proved with
reasons, which could not be answered, viz. that the same caused here not only a general
prejudice to trade, whereby the navigation, trade, and commerce, and also the revenue of
the admiralty here in this city was hurt, but if continued would entirely be ruined. Add to
this the neglect of other members, especially in the northern quarter, who did moderate,
dispense, nay, even entirely remit the said tax according to their pleasure, when here
in this city with sincerity and zeal more was done than could be borne; so that if the
same had been thus executed every where, the said debts, as we firmly believe, would
have been paid even before the limited time, at least in Holland. For as to Zealand, we
can assert nothing as a certainty, for we have no knowledge of the said tax there, than
barely what they say themselves; but as we are on the other hand well informed the said
tax is not practised there, neither is the edict of their high mightinesses issued in the year
1653, concerning a general declaration of the goods, even so much as begun to be put in
practice, without which it is not possible to prevent frauds. Neither has there been to this
very day, of the produce thereof, any account delivered in the general chamber of accounts, although the same ought to have been done from six to six months, the more
since they intend to receive the money for the payment of their debts from the direction
in Holland. And although no body could oblige us by any reason in the world to the
continuation of charging our citizens and inhabitants under such an unequal tax; yet out
of a zeal and affection for the publick good, we have thus continued the same, that we
have received so much, wherewithall not only the debts made and contracted here by the
direction of this city can be paid off, but are likewise able to pay off the greatest part of
the incumbrances and debts contracted by the direction of the northern quarter, wherewith we have acquainted the magistrates of the respective towns by our letters to them,
in order to pay the same next week into the hands of their directors. At the same time
we recommend most earnestly to their noble mightinesses, that in case any repartition of
the said armament should be proposed, that none may be rated higher than what probably
can be well paid out of their revenue. For we must tell you as a preadmonition, that for
the future it is no ways our intention, to levy this tax close and sincerely here, and to
suffer that others dispense therein, or that the money raised thereby, by the direction of
this city, shall be employed for the payment of what others fall short. We must needs
own, that we can hardly be brought to the belief, that other members will proceed herein
with the like sincerity, by reason of the ill practices we daily observe, that are used in
other places. Those of Enckhuysen have suffered the lean cattle to pass by without
paying any thing to the direction. At Medenblick arrived last week a rich ship from the
Streights, consigned to one John Marees a merchant of that city, which was there unloaded, and the merchandizes imported here under inland passes, without having made
any entry thereof, as it ought to have been done according to their high mightinesses
edict, touching a general declaration as above-mentioned, at the board of admiralty of
the northern quarter; neither has any thing been paid there to the directory on that account, whereof the college of admiralty has also made its complaints by their deputies.
Your noble mightinesses may easily see by these few instances, how little an equality of
practice is to be depended upon, especially if it be considered what little respect is paid by
some members, to the authority of their noble and great mightinesses, in keeping the defaulters up to their duty.
Nevertheless, considering the said tax is agreed to here, we are resolved to execute the
same sincerely among us; and are further of opinion, that we shall be able thereby to fit
out and maintain eight men of war at sea, without being any ways troublesom to their
noble and great mightinesses, or any body else on account of the charges thereof. Provided that their high mightinesses think proper to authorize the college of admiralty at
Amsterdam, to furnish the directions here, by way of lending, with four hulks of ships and
guns thereunto belonging.
May 28, [1655. N. S.]
A letter of Nieuport, the Dutch embassador in England, to N. Ruysch.
Vol. xxvi. p. 188.
The lord protector has received, since my last, yet further information touching the
cruel proceedings against the poor reformed inhabitants of Angrogne and other
Vallies of Piedmont, and has requested the lord de Bordeaux Neusville, in the last conference, by his commissaries, that he would be pleased to do his utmost endeavours, that by
the interposition of the king and court of France the said inhabitants might be restored
to, and maintained in the privileges, which they have so long enjoyed in those Vallies,
which he has promised to recommend in the strongest manner. This day I am told by
a good hand, that the articles, which are adjusted, are copied fair, in order to be sign'd
forthwith by both parties; and that his highness the lord protector is resolved to contribute
what he can in behalf of the said oppressed protestant inhabitants of the Vallies of Piedmont, not doubting but their high mightinesses will take this affair likewise to heart. I
have here before written concerning the same, but never received any answer upon it for my
information. Their high mightinesses formerly did not think it improper, to cause letters
to be answered from time to time; and I think, with submission, that there is now as much
reason for, as ever was. Mr. Thurloe told me to day, that the declaratory act concerning
the decision of the East India differences was sent this day to the lords commissioners of
the great seal, and that some few words, which we had drawn up, touching the acquittance
passed by the private interressed in the affair of Amboyna, were inserted therein. His
honour assured me likewise, that within a few days, all my complaints relating to sundry
private ships should be considered; and that also sundry articles concerning a regulation
of trade and navigation, should be delivered to me in writing. However, by daily domestick accidents, these gentlemen are often diverted from their intentions.
Westminster, May 28,
1655. [N. S.]
My lord, &c.