September (4 of 4)
Mr. Geo. Downing to secretary Thurloe.
V.xlii. p. 595.
I am come thus farr safe back (thanks be to God) and am ready to beginne my
journey for Calais; but for ought I see, I must make five days between this and that,
for that I cannot for love or money gett post–horses at this time: all horses and carts
along the road are taking up for carrying provisions and ammunition to the army for the
supplying Conde, St. Gellin, and those other places taken in Flanders; to which purpose there is making ready a very vast provision. The cardinal is in Flanders, so that I
could not see him. From Lyons I wrote you word, that the siedge of Pavy is raysed,
which is no small dissappointment. I shall make all the hast I can, and I trust we shall be
preserved. There are divers partyes of souldiers now quartred in the way, being there
placed to force the country to bring in their carts and horses. I am,
Paris, 7ber 22 1655./
8ber 2 1655.
Your most faithfull
Mr. Bradshaw, resident at Hamburg, to secretary Thurloe.
I am sory to heare, that both the genneralls for the West–Indie expedition have failed in theire
devoire. The condition of the one by reason of his great weakenesse rendering him of little
use for command, would speake him the more excuseable, if errors in the undertakeings
of that nature admitted of excuses. I am glad the fleete and army are lefte under soe good
a conduct, and hope the supply last sent them is with them ere this. If the Spanish fleete
steere theire course that way, I suppose general Blake will be ready for them. The last
French letters report him now to have beaten that fleete, which I hope will prove truer
then the former story. Our merchants have had soe faire warneing, as that meethinks the
king of Spain should find but litle of theires to embargo; by which act he speakes out his
intentions towards you, not meaneing to keepe peace with you in Europe, whilst you attack him in the Indies. Whatever he would have expected from you, I truste God will direct
and assiste you to reckon with him for all. I wish the treaty with France were signed, least
they take advantage by your breach with Spaine. I have not yet heard from mr. Rolt,
which I should wonder at, and doubt his welfare, but that (as you apprehend right) the
posts are obstructed in Poland: few letters come hither but by private hands. The Swede
resident here told me yesterday, that he had letters from Warsaw lately, which say mr. Rolt
was daily expected there.
I doubt not of his wel beinge, and hope my next will inclose you letters from him.
What hath occurred in those parts, according to our intelligence thence, I present you with
here inclosed, affectionatly remayneing,
Hambourg, 2d October 1655.
Your moste humble servant,
I pray sir let me know, how you have ordered at the poste–house, whether any pacquetts shall goe free as formerly, or that I muste pay for them there, that I may write
to my friend of it.
President Viole to Barriere.
Brussels, the 2d of Octocter 1655. [N. S.]
V.xxx. p. 517.
We have heard nothing of the queen Christina since she went from hence. Yesterday
monsieur de Berrure made a proclamation for the players to depart this city within
15 days out of the country of his majesty. None know the cause of this rigorous proceeding against those poor people, who are very much troubled at it.
The armies are almost still in their old posts: that of the enemy is at Ducuvain; and
that of ours near to Haste.
The French are endeavouring to pass a great convoy to Condé and St. Gillain, where
some part of it is already arrived in safety. We have drawn our army up in a body, and
his highness is resolved to prevent the rest from getting to their quarters, if it be possible,
and also prevent their marching up further into the country.
Lord Broghill to secretary Thurloe.
Though as yet you may not heere much from us, yet I can assure you, we are not idle:
our first business this weeke was the settlinge of the excise, because every day's delay
therin would be soe much loss to his highness. We have put in three commissioners for
manedgment of the excise, customs, and sequestrations: the three are mr. Saltiston, colonel
Siler, and (som of the councill beinge of opinion, that it would be requisite to have one
of the cuntry) sir James Mc. Dowell is the third. Their sallaryes, which heeretofore were
500 l. a yeere apeece, we have reduced to 365 l. a yeere apeece. And therin I doe much
pitty mr. Saltiston, who, I feare, will not be able to live therupon, dependinge upon nothinge of mayntenance but his sallary; and therfore if som way were found out at the
yeer's end to make him up, it might be a peece both of justice and charity. Upon a
thorough examination of thinges, we have found it best, for all goods excisable, which are
imported or exported, to make the officers of the customs collectors also of the excise;
but to keepe them still distinct, because they are by our instructions applycable to two several uses: this I beleive wil be as good a way, and I am certayne a much cheaper. But
for the inland excisable commodities, we resolve to farme them, not only our cleerest information leadinge us to that choyce, but also the example of the authority of this nation
in the yeere 1650, who experimented the sallaryes of the collectors eat up the collections, and therfore they set it to farme to thos who would give most, takinge good
security; and that we might not prejudice the state by our owne orders of farminge it to
the greatest bidder, we have taken care, that one in every borrough and shyre shall bid
a good price, beyond which we shall be . . . . that any bidder doe farme it, and under
which none shall; resolvinge rather in som cases to let one for the state farme it of the
commissioners, then to let it be under–farmed; which possibly when the people see, it will
incite them to be the freer in bidding. I caused a diligent search to be made in the excise bookes of thos times, the better to informe us, how we should proceed; and I finde at
their rates (which are very neere ours) ther ale, beere, aquavite, and tobacco, (which three
first compose the greatest revenue of the inland excise) amounted not unto above 1100 l.
by the month. I wish we may double it. We require all farmers, besides givinge secucurity, to pay in their receipts at the end of every two months. We finde it would be a
thinge of much clamor and little profit, if it were practikable to leavy any excise upon
goods spent and consumed since the 24th of June last; none will farme that, which is
. . . . . ; and to collect it by officers of our owne, it is esteemed not worth the charge,
if ther were a possibility of truly knowinge what has bin spent; besides it may perhaps
appear hard to leavy excise for what has been sold, since the seller not knowinge the excise would be demanded, sold his commodity accordingly; whereas if then the excise had
bin publish'd, he would in the price have at least demanded the excise himselfe of the buyer.
Thes and many such other considerations as pregnant have dissuaded us from levyinge excise
on any consumed goods since the 24th of June last, till his highness and councill's pleasure be knowne, which we humbly desyre to receive; but for all goods extant we leavy it
from that time accordinge to that order.
We have also bin consideringe of reducinge the civill list, in which we have made som
progress, but not so full a one as to be worthy your knowledg. The next week we hope
to finish it, and then you shall have a full accounte.
Our next worke has bin to settle the exchequer, as knowinge the drawinge all his
highnesses revenue into one channell wil be for his service, and the sooner the better. I
did busy my selfe at London in forminge a moddell, which might be cheape and cleer;
which findinge upon information heere also was good, I presented it to the councill, who
havinge examined it thoroly, were pleased to approve therof. We shall, God willinge,
on thursday next have soe fully perfected it, that I may send you the moddell thereof,
with the sallaryes of the officers, and all the perquisites, which I wish you may approve.
It is not only for receipts and payments, but also for the judiciall part, which last shall be
of little (if any) charge, and yet fully answer the end of its erection. I begin now to have
some little light in affaires, and finde accordinge to the best thereof, that ther is much
difference, at lest as to us, betweene the publicke resolutioners and the remonstrators; tho'
I must confess I esteeme the latter the better sort of people: the former love Charles Stuart,
and hate us; the latter love neither him nor us. Their anymossityes are soe great, that
I am persuaded, they are hardly reconsilable to each other, and possibly both of them are
the like unto us. Our honest generall had a beleif, that the remonstrators would have
owned and closed with the present government, if the lord Warriston and som others had
not hindered it, as beleevinge it might have ruin'd theire interrests. As I now stand informed, I thinke indeed, it might be noe very difficult thinge, to get either party to acknowledg our government, if you would put the power therefrom into their hands to
suppress the others; upon which they are beleeved to be soe invettratly bent, that to accomplish that end, they would think noe thinge too deare. 'Tis not impossible, but
from this division som outward good may be wrought; but for a reall closure, I doubt
it never will be effected. They are all a verry moovable people. Last week they (I meane
the publicke resolution men) would leave of prayinge for the king, if the penalty for doeinge soe were taken of; and this weeke they proposed to the councill by colonell Lokhart, they would desist, if it were increased, and that * * prayinge should silence them as
to preachinge. Wee have set monday next apart to determine on som rule. In thes
men, with whom I - - - - - - - -, we shall dally noe longer, for orders havinge bin made, and
not executed, have made them the more bold, and us the more contemned. I beleeve we
shal be free to declare, that as we shall protect and countenance all such ministers, as
preach Christ and live quietly and obediently under the government; soe if after a fixt
day (till which both as private christians, and then as magistrats, we shall endeavor by all
fair meanes to reclayme them) shall presume to pray for and owne Charles Stuard publickly,
we will not only take away ther stipends, but also hinder them from preachinge, till they
give good satisfaction not to run againe into that fault, nor under a pretence of publishinge
the gospell, incite the people to blood and tumults, then which nothinge is more opposite
to it. And when we have declared this, not recede from it.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content – see page image]
The generall not havinge a cipher with you, and impartinge to me a peece of intelligence, I thought
it a duty to send it you. We have discovered that the Scotch are hatchinge
new rebellions particularly that the lor de
Lorne is more then suspected to have an agent with the
kinge but we have tooke a letter of the
lor de Glancarne wherin we finde, he has bin
trinketinge in England, as well as home; but beinge satisfied, that the thinge is not neere
ripe, we thought best to be silent, in hope more might be discoverd
his agente, beinge intelligencer to
I pray oblidge me in lettinge my lord Lambert know the particular, not havinge a cipher
with him as yet. I beg my duty may be presented to his highness, to whom I would not
presume to wright, knowinge what herein may be worth his knowledg you will impart it
to him. If ought further does happen, you shall have an account therof, God willinge, from,
Edenb. 22d of Sept. 55.
Sir, your truly affectionate,
and oblig'd humble servant,
Mr. Henry Dawbne to mr. Isaac Bowsey.
Cadize, this 3d of October 1655. [N. S.]
V. xxx. p. 521.
The extreme necessity that I was and still am in, (which I have very sufficiently foretould you in all my former letters) and my confidence, that your noble goodness
would be pleased to apply a speedy remedy to it, if you knew how, imboldned me to
send a letter to mr. Wright, and another inclosed to your self, by the last post, and to
charge him with a bill of exchange, which was the best expedient, that I could, as things
now stande, and are like to continue, possibly finde out for my moste immediate supply.
So I hope have accordingly, before this comes to your hands, impower'd him to accepte
it. If the summ, sir, lookes bigg uppon you, I must take the boldeness to assure you,
that I have spente more then double that, and yet have been no ill husband neyther, as
when you please to command, you shall have a particular account. There is not a Spanish
merchant there, but can informe you, that no servant or factour of theyrs can live under
the rate of three hundred pounds a yeer in this place; and sure my condition and other
kinde of acquaintance heer, with some journys that I have been forced to take, and some
other extraordinary occasions of busyness, may very well excuse my great expenses, which
I protest I have moderated too as much as possibly I can, but the cuntry is so excessively
deer, and affords at present so litle profitt, that I ame quite weary of it; and this il'e
assure you, that if I had wherewithall, I knowe where I could drive a farr greater and more
gaynfull trade, both for myselfe and company, as I have partly intimated to you in many
of my former. For newes heer wee have verry little more of certainty, then what I sent
to you in my last, but that our hopes still encrease of great things to be speedyly done
by this king and cuntrey heer on the behalfe of our poore opprest partey there; with which
we may hold up our droopeing and allmost dispayreing harts. All the Irish and Scotts,
as by force subjected to the English power, are cleered of the imbargo, and all wee English, that can prove ourselves good royalists, shall be still wellcome to all trade and commoditys of the cuntrey. For our farther encouragement, we are assured, that the court at
Cologn shall remove to Dunkyrk, which town this brave king will give, and if need be,
all the ports he has in Flanders, for a rendevouis to the king's party, and to collect all his
scattered friends. Wee are no less encouraged with a confidence, that Holland will imediatly breake theyr late peace made with England, as not being able to endure the rigour
of those articles; which if be not already done, is reported to be in a very fayre forwardness, and so much I have hinted you formerly in many letters; but that methinkes you
should knowe theere better then wee heer, it being such a concerning importance. Heer
is a very prittey letter lately printed, as from Don Alenzo de Cardenas embassador there
with you in England, to a friend of his in the court of Spayn, rendring him a large
account of the ticklish state of the lord protector, which truly I would verry fayn send to you
to shew and all our forlorne freinds, the high resentment that this people have of our poore
partie, but that I ame so strictly limited to such a quantity of paper, as that, which can
neyther be capable to enclose the whole, nor yet to compendiat any part of the contents.
I knowe very well most particulars of it fall short of truth, but yet for all that they are
very convenient to pass heer currant, to rayse up the harts and spleen of this people and
all the world, against the present power of England; and truely I have not seen a more
compleat piece of fiction. If any shipping goe from hence, as I beleeve shortly will for
Holland, I'll venture to send you a copy of it by that way, which will serve you as well
as a winter's tale, or a Spanish novela, to make merry with our freinds, by an English
fier. Generall Blake is now for certayn presumed to have quitt this coste, and to be fled
home for feare; so the Spanish armada is commaunded to come in some time this month.
O deer sir, you cannot imagine how my heart earnes to knowe how my poore wife and
children doe, whome I have not heard one word from, nor knowe so much whither they
be living or not since I saw them. I feare theyr condition is miserable by the barbarity of
theyr unnaturall kindred. I have no other comforte left (next to the allmighty's providence, uppon which wee muste repose all things) but your noble care of them, into which
if I heard they were once so farr taken, as that you would please by some servant of yours
to inquire how they doe, and where, my hart would be very much at rest; nor can any
thing possible give me a greater comfort or refreshment, after twenty months bannishment
from them. He who does me the favour to send this letter forward will permitt me the
passage of no more paper. So I can pay you at this time no more of my respects, but
only to assure you further, if ther cane be yet any roome for doubt, that there is not in the
world a creature more yours, or that thyrsts more to meet with an oppurtunitey to approve
Your moste affectionate and faythfull humble servant,
For my honored freind mr. Isaack
Bowsey, thees in London.
Bordeaux, the French embassador in England, to his father.
October 4th, 1655. [N. S.]
Since my last letter, which signified unto you the seizure of the goods and effects belonging to the English, here hath past nothing upon that subject: only some ships are
sent to fortify Blake; and many are of opinion here, that the protector is too generous
to suffer this advance without shewing some resentment; and if in effect he doth not do
it, he will lose much of his reputation. It is probable, that in a short time we shall know
his mind, and consequently my destiny; for it is high time, that our affairs should have
an end; and especially if some did rightly understand my own condition, they would either
supply me with money, or give me a precise order to finish my negotiation.
Col. Bampfylde to secretary Thurloe.
You were pleased, (as I remember) to tell mee, that when you had considered of instructions, and such a credentiall authority, as was requisite for my employment
into France, that you woulde send for mee to waite on you; but not having received any
commands from you since, and that you were urgent for my imediate dispatch; I rather
beleive that I misunderstoode you, then that you have forgotten the business. Wherfor
being very unwilling to loose this oportunitie of serveing you at this conjuncture, I shall
desire you, that if you expect any further information from mee, then what I have allready
given you, relating to this bussiness, that you will please to signifye the particulars in a
line or towe, or appoynte a tyme, when I may conveniently attend you; or if you conclude, that there is not any thing more needfull, but to give mee that credentiall authority, which may satisfye such as I am to treat with, and those instructions, that may
direct mee in my proceedings; I knowe not any thing more that I have to say,
but that in the firste, there may be power given mee to assure the persons I am to
deale with, of a convenient rewarde, agreeable to theyr condition and to the weight
of the intelligence; and that in the latter (I mean my private instructions) I
may be limited to what degree I may goe, and upon what tearmes. For all other particulars, that you desire satisfaction in, and by which you woulde have mee governe my
selfe in this affayre, your owne breaste will be your best adviser. All I have to say more
is, to wish that since you have been pleased to resolve upon this journey, that my dispatch may be as speedy as is possible, which may render my endeavours the more effectuall to your service, whoe am with moste unseined truth, sir,
Your moste humble and
moste faithfull servant,
Juste now I had this letter from mr. Longe, whoe I believe woulde have wrote more
particularly, if he had knowne mee certaynly here: Thowgh it be not of much importance, I thought fitt to send it, and I beleive, when I see him, I shall make him
usefull to your service.
Sept. the 24th 1655.
Vice–admiral Goodsonn to the governor of Bermudas.
Your letter of the 12th of June I received. Sir, your civilitye therin to mee
and affection to our nation and service call for thankes at one hand, and will undoubtfully encounter a friendly resentment from the other. Your advice of what ships
prepareing for this plase is what since succeeded. For generall Penn and generall Venables,
their imprisonment, I shall not question those hands, whome I conceive doe in justice
and equity proceed.
Sir, your proposalls for the transplanting some people from your island to Jamayca
may now bee seasonable; for here inclosed you shall receive his highnesse's resolution
touching the peopleing of Jamayca, although I doe not question your receiving it from
other hands long before now. This bearer can informe you how farr a proceeding is made
therin in governour Stokes his transplanting; by both which you will bee able to make a
judgment, which possibly may be satisfactory to those with you, who are willing to these
parts; to compleat which, if your honour bee pleased to give me the soonest advise, what
quantity they may bee that may be so found, I shall accordingly order so many ships as may
be considerable for their transportation. To acquainte you a little with our proceeding, be
pleased to take notice, that wee for neare this three months have been uppon the coast of
Havanna untill the unseasonableness of the yeare forced us thence. Ther went this yeare
for Spayne onely foure ships with plate, which came from Carthagene. It was not our
success to encounter them. Wee at present designe in our way to Jamayca, to touch at
Mevis, and St. Christophers, that what passengers those thre ships wee formerly allotted
for that service cannot transporte, we may.
Sir, I shall humbly request you in behalfe of capt. John Wentworth, belonging to your
island; whose merrit thereto inducinge, providence hath so ordered it, that at present hee
hath the command of one of our friggatts, his employment obleigeing him from his
home. In case any of his shall necessitate your just assistance, your civility therein shall
equally obliege mee, and I shall esteem it to my selfe. Not else but a readiness to embrace
all opportunitys of a retaliation, wherein I may in some meashure answer your civilityes,
Marston Moore, the 24th of
friend and servant,
A declaration of his highnes council in Scotland, for the election of magistrates.
Whereas by an ordinance of his highness the lord protector of the commonwealth of
England, Scotland and Ireland, and the dominions thereunto belonging, bearing
date the twelfth of April one thousand six hundred fifty four, Scotland is united into one
commonwealth with England, and therein it appears, that the shires and burghs of Scotland, by their deputies convened at Dalkeith, and again at Edinburgh did before the
then commissioners of parliament, accept of the said union and assent thereunto, and did
promise to live peaceably under, and in obedience to the authority of the commonwealth of England, exercised in Scotland. And whereas by an ordinance of his highness,
entituled, an ordinance of pardon and grace to the people of Scotland, it is desired, that
they be made equall sharers with those of England in the present settlement of peace,
liberty and property, with all other priviledges of a free people; the councill in pursuance thereof, taking all the premises into their consideration, as also the many prejudices
that may arise to the good people, burgesses and inhabitants of the severall cities, burghs,
and incorporations within this nation, from the want of the due nomination and election
of their respective magistrates according to their laws and customs; and to the end the
inhabitants of the said cities, burghs and towns may receive all due encouragement, and
have government and justice righteously administred unto them; do declare, that all prohibitions as to elections of magistrates are taken off; and that all cities, burghs, and
towns corporate in Scotland, to whom the priviledge of choosing their magistrates belongs, may from henceforth meet and conveen for that end, within their respective cities,
burghs and towns, and there proceed to the due and lawfull nomination and election of
their respective magistrates, wherein the said councill expects due and particular care be
taken, that no person be chosen who is dangerous to the commonwealth, dis–affected to
the present government, or scandalous in life or conversation; which persons qualified,
elected and chosen as aforesaid, are, and shall be the magistrates for the ensuing year:
And the councill do likewise further declare, that in case this declaration shall not come
so soon to all the burghs, as that they may elect their magistrates by the times limitted
in their charters respectively; that in such case such burghs not having such timely notice
thereof, may proceed to the election of magistrates for their burghs respectively, as
aforesaid that day fourtnight. Provided always, that in the oath of their faithfull administration of justice, and in all other cases where formerly the name or stile of king, or
keepers of the liberty of England, hath been used in the exercise of the aforesaid government of the said cities, burghs and town, the name of his highness, the lord protector of the commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland, and the dominions thereunto belonging, be inserted and used.
Cl. of the councill.
Monday, 24 September 1655.
At his highness council in Edinburgh.
Ordered, that the above declaration be forthwith printed and published.
Cl. of the council.
Edinburgh, printed by Christopher Higgins, in Harts–close over against the Tronechurch, 1655.
A letter of intelligence from mr. Haak.
October 5, 1655. [N. S.]
I was in good hopes to have seen you again ere this, according as I intimated in my former
four months ago, and now was intended and resolved on by his highness my master,
and truly the instructions and all things else were ready, when on a sudden such was the
resolutions in these parts as did necessitate some farther delay of that dispatch. The D.
my master standeth as yet upon his neutrality, although it seem, that the same will now
be drawn into question, notwithstanding that it was granted and ratisied unto him formerly, not only by the king of Poland, but also by the great duke of Muscovy, and by king
Gustavus Adolphus, and the late queen Christina, their respective solemn and authentick instruments, for perpetuity; the present king of Sweden himself also having certified very
much proneness. How the debate in hand now will be determined, a short time will
make manifest. The king of Poland hath been put to it to abandon his kingdom; and
the king of Sweden goeth on very successfully in the same, though he is like to meet
with several rubs yet; and how long the Muscovite will keep fair with him upon
emergent difficulties or accidents, cannot be relied on. The elector of Brandenburgh
hath a pretty army now in Prussia; and no body knoweth yet, what he will or must resolve upon. We are given to understand in these parts, as if the English had been put
to some inconveniency in America; but we look upon it only as a whetstone of the
known magnanimity and undaunted courage of his highness and nation, whereby, through
God's blessing, that loss may soon be recovered with advantage and double honour before all
the world. In the mean time I thought good upon this occasion, and to testify my most
humble and devoted affection to his said highness, and the common good cause he hath in
hand, to hint this ensuing offer, referring the imparting thereof to your diseretion and
service, viz. That the duke my master having of late times caused several most goodly
ships or frigats to be built after the best and newest way for matter and fabric as exquisite as may be, with intent to have made use of them in Africa or the East–Indies
(but not at all in the East or Baltick sea) some whereof are altogether new yet, and were
never forth the haven: their proportion is 40 foot in breadth, and 150 in length, provided with 40, 60, 80, yea 100 pieces of ordnance, though of iron only. Now by reason of the late encreasing troubles in the Baltick sea, and that these ships lying exposed
to the view of the differing parties, whereby they might easily draw some inconveniency
upon the duke by gratifying either's importunity with them, and the French also at present labouring much to procure them; but the duke being very loth to part with them
to the prejudice of any friend, I am persuaded, if his highness the lord protector should
be desirous of them, my master would most willingly let him have the same before any
other, and upon very reasonable terms. A dozen of the best I durst undertake to procure upon liking; for which end and purpose an able shipwright or other judicious persons might be dispatched hither, to take a view of them, and to transact accordingly. The
biggest indeed want cordage and sailes yet; but that may be soon supplied; only because
of their bulk, they can be hardly got forth the haven before the spring.
I should be right glad, if by this, or any other means, I might be enabled to do his
H. Cromwell, major general of the forces in Ireland, to secretary Thurloe.
I received yours by the messenger you sent, together with the seales, for the three courts,
which came verry seasonably. Yours allsoe, which gave ane account of general Venables arrivall at Portsmouth, came at the same time. I was glade to heare of his life,
though his returne uppon the occasione you hinted is much wondred at. Without
doubte ther is somethinge of the providence of God in the thinge. He hathe much deceived the expectatione and hopes of all, that knewe hime in his manageinge of that affaire; though I doe beleive there was noe wante of integritie and faithfullness in hime.
I ame glade to heare soe good an account of the place, and am noe less pleased, that his
highness resolves (through the blessinge of the lorde) to goe one with the designe. The
discouragement we have mett with in it makes it noe less honest, honorable, nor hopefull. I gave you my thoughts concerninge the sendeinge some other fitt person, which I
perceive doeth not much disagree with yours. What doe you think of the person I formerly mentioned, viz. the new knight, as you are pleased to tearme hime in a late letter
to hime, uppon which I tooke occasion to have some discourse with hime aboute it? Hee
is verry sober in the thinge, and I believe if cleerly called, will seriously consider it; and
embrace any opportunitie to lay out himeselfe uppon the publique service, let the place or
employment be wheer or whatsoever. And nowe haveinge spoke my minde concerninge hime, I must say, if you take hime from hence, you deprive me of my right hande.
Wherever he is, I must adde to what I have allreadie writte, that he is as deserveinge a
person, as any I knowe, and ame consident will be as usefull in whatever you employe
hime: and therefore great regarde muste behad of hime. As to what you write concerninge the girles, I have in too late letters soe fully given you my thoughts, that I need add
noethinge nowe; only thus much, that bothe, as to a supply of souldiers and girles, their
will noething remaine to answer your desire save your directions and sitteing encouragement; and therefore I desire to knowe your further resolutions, which I hope to doe
It much rejoyces me to heare of his highnes recovery. His illness made us all sadde.
The lord make us thankefull, and me especially, who ame
Your affect. freind and servant,
Wee are full of business, which makes me shorte, and hinders me from writing to his
highness. You will present my humble duty.
Kilkenny, 25 Sept. 55.
Sir John Reynolds to secretary Thurloe.
I Received a letter from you on the 24th instant, which (as I preceived by the date) was
written aboute 3 weekes before. I verry much rejoiced, in the possibility by you mentioned in carrying on the designe in the Indyes; wherein the interest so long contended
for is more neerely concerned than is to be suddainely conceived, and the honour of our
nation so farre engaged, that it is a mercy that his highness, who begun it, is through the
goodnes of God restored to health for its prosecution; and I do beleive the person reported to be emploied therein, is without question fittest for the undertaking. The lord
hath given his highness many incomparable endowments of wisedom, and none greater,
than that of discerning spirits, of suiting instruements for worke, which is a ray of divine light or wisedome. I wish with the next supply a stocke of prayer may go, which
as it's feared was desicient in the last, and equally with want of conduct, difference amongst commanders, or any other dificulty arising. Certainely the busines being likely
to be a contention of foote and navall forces, generall Monke's experience and ability is
a hopefull remedy; and I trust that one thing necessary will not be omitted, viz. vis precum
fulminaris. For my particular, I shall not mention what answer I should have returned, if
the newes had not arrived (at the same time with your letter) who was designed to command our forces in the Indyes; but I have thorough mercy hitherto followed providence,
wherein I have found comfort, and the little strengh afforded my insuffincey might cause a
juste bashfulnes in such undertakings; his highnes is, next God, the best witnes of my
affection to his interest and person; and I hope to equalize in faithfullnes, where I am defective in fitnes for my present charge, which is deserving a person of greate sincerity and
integrity. I desire assistance from the Lord, to whom I onely looke, as the meanes of my
discharging a duty to his highnes, concerning which, and the other particular occurrences
in this countrey, I shall take the boldnes to trouble you, but with modesty, in respect of
your greate affaires, wherein his highnes entrusts you; to whome I dare not, without the
mediation of your moste worthy hands, present my humble duty. I remaine,
the 25th [1655.]
Your most obliged and affectionate
Secretary Thurloe to H. Cromwell, major general of the forces in Ireland.
In the possessession of the right honorable the earl of Shelburn.
I returne your lordship most humble thanks for the letter I received from you touching
transporting of Irish girles to Jamaica; and had thought, that I might by this post
have sent the particular encouragements, which my lord protector and the councell will
give, for the better enabling your lordship and the councell of Ireland to have proceeded
in that business; but I have been prevented therein by my bodily in disposition, and therefore by this can only desire your lordship to proceed as farre as you can, till more particular advices can be sent.
Generall Venables arrived here the last week. Upon his first appering before the councell, hee was committed to the tower, being able to give noe reason for his leaving his
comand without licence, to the hazard of the army. Generall Penn was alsoe comitted at
the same tyme, and for the same cause.
The king upon the newes sent to him of our assaulting Sancto Domingo, seized upon
the persons and estates of our merchants in his dominions, which in substance is a declaration of a warre. The last letter wee had from Blake was the 30th of August, whereof
(as I remember) I gave your lordship an account; since which wee have not heard of him.
My lord deputie of Ireland, his ladie, and family, arrived safely here on satturday night.
I have had scarce health to salute him since his comeing; which is the cause alsoe, why
I can be noe larger at this tyme. I remeyne
Your lordship's most humble,
and obliged servant,
A. G. Allen endeavours very much to goe for Ireland, but I beleeve I shall have libertie
to write to your lordship further concerning it before he will obteyne leave.
The protector to the commissioners of Maryland.
Vol. xliii. p. 103.
It seems to us by yours of the 29th of June, and by the relation we received by colonel Bennet, that some mistake or scruple hath arisen concerning the sense of our letters
of the 12th of January last; as if by our letters we had intimated that we would have
a stop put to the proceedings of those commissioners, who were authorized to settle the
civil government of Maryland, which was not at all intended by us, nor so much as proposed to us by those who made addresses to us to obtain our said letter; but our intention,
(as our said letter doth plainly import) was only to prevent and forbid any force or violence to be offered by either of the plantations of Virginia or Maryland from one to the
other upon the differences concerning their bounds, the said differences being then under
the consideration of ourself and council here; which for your more full satisfaction we have
thought fit to signify to you, and rest
Whitehall, 26th of Sept. 1655.
Your loving friend.
Information of Ruth Whisken.
I ruth Whisken doe testisye, and will be deposed, that Mary the wife of Christopher
Emerson did tel me the said Ruth, that the said Emerson said, that the lord protector
was a rogue, and a rascall, and blood–sucker, and that he should have his throte cut, and
his head clest ere longe; and that he was a cowardly rogue, and wore two pistoles in his
pocket, and was affraid of every dogg that barked, and that he should have his throte
cutt by Michaelmas day, and named weapons to that purpose; and that Thomas Turner
and Susanna Turner his wife heard him the said Emerson speake these words: In wittness
wherof I the said Ruth Whisken to these presents have set to my hand.
Sept. 26, 1655.
The marke of [ ] Ruth Whisken.
Lord Broghill to secretary Thurloe.
Finedinge the ministers of this nation, which are of the general assembly, still continu'd violent, and that either as they are violent or as they are ministers, ther power over the
people is greate, I thought it not amiss to endeavor what I could with them in a private
way; and understandinge mr. David Dickson and mr. Robert Dowglas were not only of
greatest authority amongst the rest, but also men that pretended to moderation, whatever
they practicesed, they comminge to visit me, I had a longe conference with them, wherin
at length they used playness with me, tellinge me, that they had found the remonstrators
were the only people we countenanced, and (as I collected) if others were equally countenanced, they might strive to appeare as little unworthy as thos. That as to their prayinge
for the (pretended) kinge, it proceeded from the way the prohibition was penned in, which
was such, that did they now declyne it, they must appeere guilty of designinge by their
prayers the ingageinge the nation in tumults and blood, which they vehemently affirmed
they did not, nor ever would intend. That also the threatninge of takinge away their sallary loked, as if feare of loosinge that, had only incited them therunto, and did not
leave them roome to evidence a cleere conviction had produced that change. Nay, tho'
they should leave prayinge for the kinge, yet even by the prohibition they had lost their
sallaryes, the words runninge, such as had or should pray for Charles Steward, whereby the
penalty should continue, tho' the fault did not (which words I must confesse run as they
alleadge.) I told them, wee were com, without prejudicate opinions of any, resolved to
owne and countenance thos most, which should most deserve it, and give cleerest evidences
of continuinge peaceable under and submissive unto the government; which if they doubted, it lay in their power to experiment by giveinge us an equall rise to favor them with the
remonstrators, which if we fayled in, we should acknowledge the fault lay on our side, not
on theirs; but if they did it not, we must lay the fault on them, and free ourselves, which possibly might invite us to put soe much of the kirke power in the remonstrators hands, as
might sufficiently enable them with their owne weapons to punnish their disobedience and contempt of us; but if they would forthwith declyne prayinge for the kinge, and give me good
assurances therof, as we would not much differ in the way to that end, soe if they should
persevere in that practice, they should quickly feele we had power to make our just orders
to be obayd; and when they had left of that offensive scandalous custom, I would not
only be reddy to heere what they would say, but also to all their just and fit requests
give them honnest answers. In conclusion after a longe debate, they gave me this assurance, if thos penaltyes were nuld (for the reasons they mentioned) and that we would give
them foure or five weeks time to consult their brethern, they would not only freely leave of
that manner of prayinge, but also soe far close with and owne our authority, as I should
be convinced had they bin well handled, they had not bin now at this distance, and
would not longe continue at it. They further did earnestly desyer me, that I would draw
up our declaration, and assured me after the time limitted, if they prayed for the kinge
they would neither aske for, nor expect more favor; and as for themselves, as soone as the
declaration was published, they would desist. This I acquainted the councill with, who
havinge largly debated the matter, and beleevinge that not only the neerer thes men
drew unto us, the more neer also the remonstrators would, which would possibly, by the
lord's assistance, ingender such an emulation amongst them, that wheras they strove heertofore who should keepe farthest of, now they would contend who should com closest,
and that their pretended kinge and the malignants might see, not feare, but conviction
makes them not any longer owne him; as also that all wayse before punnishments (this
beinge practiced) has bin first used to reclayme them, whereby they will appeare the
more faulty if they persevere; and likewise if this works not upon all, yet it will upon
many, and therby breake that knot; which has hithertoo appeerd soe hard against us;
They at last resolved to try this way, and ordered me to draw up a declaration to that
effect, a coppy of which I heere inclosed present you, which thes ministers havinge seene,
assured me it is sufficient, and shall doe what they promised. One of the greatest scruples
I had was the nullinge the generall's and the judges declaration; but he and they beinge
verry free to it, the councill were cleerly satisfyed to doe it. I have found, that in many
affaires, 'tis harder to remoove a thinge that was fixt, then to keepe it goeinge, when
once it is in motion; possibly it may be soe in this, and if we can order it soe that both
thes partyes court us, lest we should give the power to either, 'tis (as I now stand informed) the best ballance we can at present put your affaires in, and therfore 'tis that I
shall endeavor, for if you give the power absolutely to either, you will loose both.
The general assemblymen begin to express to me som inclynations of sendinge one or
two of their number to waite upon his highnes, not only therby to owne him and the
authority, but also to open their harts unto him, and to give him assurances of livinge
peaceably and submissively, and to crave his favor and protection; but not knowinge what
his highnes may think heerof, I have given them noe answer till I heer his pleasure.
We have now set on foot and proclaymed the excise; but whilst it was doinge, our
sarjant at armes had a stone flunge at him by an unknowne hand, and tho' the gards
did all they could to discover him, yet they could not.
Ther havinge bin noe magistrats elected thes three yeers in Scotland; we have now
given them leave to choose again annually, accordinge to our instructions: one of our declarations to that effect I heer inclosed present you.
Tho' we have moddelled our exchequer, yet we could not as yet put it in force, till we
have a coppy of the powers and authoritye given unto the exchequer in England, by
which (as to the judiciall part therof) we desyre to regulate ourselves.
For receipts and payments we have noe other officers but an auditor generall and a receiver generall. This is our rule for receipts. The auditor shall have a particular entry
of all the revenue, every head of it distinct, which also shal be enrolled in the chequer
office; noe money shal be payd to the receiver, till a debet be made by the auditor to the
receiver, and noe acquittance of the receiver shal be vallid, till it be entred with the auditor. In payments we observe this rule; all warrants must be directed to the receiver and
the auditor, before payment be made, is to make entry and allowance therof accordingly
upon the accounte.
The auditor gives the debet, the receiver payse the mony upon the debet, takinge acquittance, which he sends to the auditor to enter, and keepe till the accounts be declared
unto and examined by thos we shall (half yeerly at most) authorise to that effect. As to
the judiciall part of the exchequer we order it thus; it shall consist of two of the judges
(who are appoynted for civill and crymenall affaires, which also they may verry well tend,
when their number is fil'd) and two of the councill, with the auditor generall, who is to
see noe wronge be done unto or incroachment made upon his highneses revenue for want
of due information. Thes, the court sittinge seldom, and alwayse in the afternoone, will,
I hope, be able to carry on that worke, and without charge to the state; only ther must
be five clerkes alowd, all whos sallaryes will amount annualy to 2851. also a serjant at 50 l.
yeerly, a dore–keeper and a messenger both at 40 l. As soone as this court is set up, we
shall have many tryalls, for I finde much of the crowne land has bin alienated against the
lawse of Scotland, by the two last kings, James and Charles, which by our instructions
we are to take cognoysanse of, and by his highneses acte of pardon and grace are exempted
from the title and clayme of the pretended propriators. We have bin this afternoone consideringe of establishinge justices of peace throughout this nation, and constables, with the
power such ministers and officers have in England. I finde that even by an act of parliment heere they have bin instituted heere; but the greate lords, who were sheriffs by inheritance, findeinge thos diminished ther power, let them soon fall again; but even by that
acte the king's councill were impowred to give the said justices such further instructions as
they should thinke fit, which additionall instructions were to be of as much force as if enacted by parliment.
I beg you seriously to consider of sendinge us speedely at lest four able English judges,
or els we shall still continue Scotch. Som Scotch have bin propounded, but I have hitherto
staved it of, alleadginge I was confident som from England would be suddenly sent us. We
doe much want a seale for the councill, which be pleased to hasten downe; alsoe a mace, if
you thinke good. Som of the chief of this citty have intimated to me, they will give a
list of thos they designe for magistrats, that if we except against any, thos may not be
elected. Be pleased, I pray, to get his highneses orders to colonel Howard to attend the
councill heere at lest this winter, for we shall want all the helpe we can get; and he is now
still at such uncertaintyes, that we have him but by snatches. I beg you, sir, present my
most humble duty to his highnes, whom I doe not trouble with my letters, beleevinge it
sufficient that I send an account unto yourself, to whom I write a reall truth, when I assure
you, that I am
Edenburgh, the 27th of 7ber, 55.
Your most affectionate,
and most faithfull
obliged humble servant,
I designe mr. Disbrow to be one of the councill, who shal be a judge of the exchequer,
for I finde him a very good husband for the state, and laborious and industrious.
We are preparinge for the Jamaica business against we heere from you.
By his highness's council in Scotland for the government thereof.
Although the said council have with some trouble observed, that divers ministers of
this nation continue to pray in public for the pretended king, notwithstanding the
dangerous tendencies and repeated prohibitions thereof, yet in regard the principle, which
through mercy they desire to walk by, obliges them to great patience and tenderness towards those, which profess christianity; and that all men may see this rule is not only
their profession, but by the Lord's assistance shal be their practice; as also that it is his
highness's pleasure and their intention, that no fair way be lest unessay'd, if God shall see
it good, to unite hearts as well as countries, and to gain those, who are to be wrought
upon, who shall evidence a desire of living peaceably and submissively: they do therefore
seriously and earnestly intreat all such ministers, thoroughly to weigh and consider what
these late signal dispensations of providence do require at their hands; whereby if possibly
such as by having pray'd as aforesaid have occasioned suspicion in, and offence unto those in
authority, may be won from repeating the like in the future. And that what yielding
shal be given herein may appear to spring from conviction, and not from any other, or
inferior motive; the said council do hereby take off, and make null all former penalties
and restraints denounced against such as prayed for the pretended king, and will patiently
expect till the fifth of November next what good effects his tenderness will produce;
wherein, as they shall heartily rejoice if the Lord make the event answer the desired expectation, so if it does not, they shall be accounted blameless, if afterwards they pursue
those ways God shall put into their hearts for preserving the quiet of this nation, or which
shall appear to them conducive to that end.
Mr. Longland, agent at Leghorn, to secretary Thurloe.
This weeke is arryved here a smale Inglish fish ship from Allicant, wher on the 16
and 17 of the last month our nation and theyr estates wer seized on or sequestred
by the king's order, and proclamation made, that whosoever should coullour or conseal
any Inglishman's estate, he should pay threfold, besyds suffer perpetuall imprisonment.
Here is a rumor (but without any ground) that the Spanish fleet latly gon from thes parts
towards Barsalona, hav fouht and spoil'd the duk of Vandom's fleet: but wee believ it
not, becaus 'tis not 18 dayes since the Spanyards departed; but of this heere is certaine
advys, that the said Spanish fleet is to proceed for Cales, and to join with the fleet latly gon out
to syht generall Blake. The fleet gon hence is 22 ships, wherof a dozen saile ar good ships
(som of the gallions and the Dunkirk squadron, the rest are Flemings) prest into theyr servis. Ther went hence with them 14 gallyes, and the 6 galleys of Ma-- ar gon to join with
them, so they will hav about 20 gallyes and 40 ships to wast in theyr plate–fleet, or, as
others say, to beat gennerall Blak from the south cape. I assure you, sir, Spayn has more
mallis than he shewes, and maks al the strength he can to ruin general Blak's fleet, whom
God, I hope, wil protect, and the protector's hyhnes furnish him with strength sufficent
to quel them. The inclosed letter I received this week from Rom wil show you how
ernestly the pope labours to bring Fraunce and Spayn together, and 'tis most certainly
believed theyr plenipotentiaryes wil this winter be at Rom. The French wer ever fals. 'Tis
advysed from Holland and Flaunders, that his hyhnes is sending sir Geo. Askue for the
West Indyes. By the smale extract out of the Roman newes you may se, what good correspondency cardinal Capponi has weekly from London.
The Tripoly men of war ar strong, and hav latly taken three French. God be thanked, no Inglish hav faln latly into theyr hands. I suppos both that place and Tunis would
now willingly mak peace, if but a frigat wer sent with som fit person impowerd for
In som of my former letters I advysed your honour, how that the Mary had taken a
French ship worth 4000 l. without letters of marque or any autority to do it. If you
would be plesed to send me an antedated comission for the said ship to tak French (or a
blank with autority to me lykwys, if the captain does not compound, to cal him to a
strickt account) I suppos I may then bring the captain to som agrement, and repaire my
losses by the French this way, which you wer ples'd in one of your late letters to tel me
you would help me in som such way as this; wherin if you pleas now to favor me, you
wil perpetually obliege,
Leg. 8 October 1655. [N. S.]
Your most humble and faithful servant,
Rom, 2 October [1655. N. S.]
The Sweds and Muscovits mak great progres in Polland, and by letters from Ingland
(particulerly one that coms weekly to cardinal Capponi) we understand, that the protector is in legue with the king of Swed, to mak themselves each patron or cape of the
protestant religion; and now ther is with the protector 32 ambassadors from divers princes,
but the ambassador of Sweden was the favoryt, with whom ther past many clos negotiations,
which gives jelosy to the other ambassadors, espetially he from Holland.
Mr. W. Mettame from Rome to mr. Charles Longland, agent at Leghorn.
V. vi. p. 430.
Though it were my misfortune to accompanie mr. Bayly, in whom as I hoped to
serve my countrie, so I desired to honour its governours; yet I should be loth to be
guiltie of the indiscretions, which I must needs ascribe to him, since your last, I have
spent labour and money, and am much dissappointed in all my resolutions; yet as I ever
did, I counsaile him silence, both for his honour and safety, suspending my just anger
for being so horribly deceived and deluded; yea and though his spetious discourses moved
me sometimes, yet I never had so full a creditt, as to permitt, advise, or helpe forward
any thing at all, by which any ingagement with his holines might be contracted; and
now I am resolved to leave him, and Rom, and pursue my intentions of a peculiar interest I have in Portugall. I beseech your favour now so farr, as that I might receave
from you a line concerning what ships are bound for Lisbona or Porto, and how soone;
as also that you would convey me this to England to a gentleman of his highnes his
familie; and at my coming thither, if I shall be so happy as to see you, peradventure I
might give more satisfaction then I can penn at once. Least you should thinke my lines
dangerous, I leave them to your seale, though they consist more of news then of any
thing else. Thus you shall oblige
8. 8bre 1655. [N. S.]
Al–molto illustre sig. Carlo Longland Inglese in Livorno.
Indorsed by mr. Longland.
W. Mettam, Rom. Oct. 8. 1655, received ditto 13, answered 18.
The prince of Condé, to secretary Thurloe.
J'ay sceu par le sieur marquis de Barriere les bons sentimens, que vous luy tesmoignes pour
moy dans toutes les occasions de mes interests. C'est une chose, qui me touche si fort,
venant d'une personne de vostre merite, que j'en ay toute sorte de satisfaction & de recognoissance, & rien ne s'y peut adjouster, si ce n'est en continuant de vostre part a me donner les marques de cette bonne volonté, & en employant vostre credit aupres de monsieur
le protecteur pour la paix d'Espagne. Ce seront des subjects essentiels pour m'engager
d'estre toute ma vie.
Du camp de Leuze pres de Tourney,
le 8 Octobr 1655. [N.S.]
Vostre tres affectionné
à vous servir,
Louis De Bourbon.
De Lionne, the French embassador at Rome, to Bordeaux, the French embassador in England.
Rome, the 9th October, 1655. [N. S.]
I Suffered myself to be tempted with most of this court to go into the country
for some days, to spend the remainder of this fine season, which hindered me from
writing to you last week. The pope did also design to go; but in regard every one ought
to be interested in so precious a health, he was advised not to do, till such time that it
shall have rained a little, to cool the heat, which the earth hath contracted during six
months, that the sun hath had its full operation upon it.
The king hath granted leave to his holiness to export out of France ten thousand
quarters of corn; which his holiness doth take for a very great obligation. Here is
nothing more worthy your knowledge.
Mr. B. Wright to his brother.
Madrid, 9th October 1655. [N. S.]
Mr. Nathaniel Wright,
and loving brother,
I have written you several letters since I received any from you, giving you notice of
the embargo made here on mr. Breton, mr. Santalban, and myself, and the like upon
all the English in Spain. And we now expect to hear, how the lord protector will relish
it; for these parts persuade themselves, it will oblige him to a peace. I wish it may;
and then I may promise to myself satisfaction from this king by his highness's intercession.
Not having else to enlarge, I remain
Your loving brother,
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
26th September 1655. [N. S.]
The guard of the soldiers about the prison in the nights is only to hinder, that
none come to communicate or correspond with the prisoners by letters or by speech.
The embassador of France doth in no wise acknowledge this prisoner for his secretary.
Yesterday was propounded the deputation towards the province of Overyssel; but Holland persisted in their advice formerly taken, that they are willing to consent to the said
deputation, provided that prince William will desist from his election of stadholder of
Overyssell. The commissioner of Deventer saith the same thing. They have been desired to be conformable to the other provinces; otherwise that they will conclude by
plurality; but in this case those of Twente and Deventer will not submit unto it.
The business of the Baltick sea hath been also urged; but Holland hath fully declared, that they are not ready, expecting the ract pensionary of Zeland to confer with
about the one and the other. It is also thought, that Dantzick will send hither.
Here inclosed is a letter, which the ministers of Brandenburgh have had from London: at least they do give it out here. The resident of Sweden hath represented by a
memorandum the wrong, which is done the Swedish nation to find fault with the impositions and new licences before Dantzick, in regard that this state hath done worse
upon the coasts of Flanders, where they stopt the commerce altogether: and in the mean
time through the Escaute, the Suas, and the Sound, this state traded to Brabant and Flanders, excluding all other nations.
Here is advice come from the admiralty of Zealand, that there have been 36 pirates,
seen (most of them Turks) in the Channell; and that they had taken an Englishman, but
let him go again. This letter is referred to the commissioners of the sea–affairs. The
earl of Gleen hath required expedition; upon which the provinces are admonished to
At last arrived here the lords Lampson and the raet pensionary de Brune, commissioners
of Zealand to confer with the states of Holland, who have writ expressly to those of
Zealand, to hear and make overture concerning the high military charges vacant by the
death of the deceased lord Brederode; and to understand the inclinations of the one and
the other provinces.
The wise of a certain citizen trading in money, and carrying a good sum from Bruges
to Escluse, was dispossess'd of her money by the officers of the king of Spain. The said
citizen doth require a recommendation, as well to the said archduke, as to the embassador
of Spain, to have the money again.
The commissioners of Zealand amongst the rest have brought for their provincial advice, that the states of Zealand do think it very fit, that a deputation be made towards
Overyssell, to endeavour to annul those differences, which are amongst the members
thereof. The present commissioners of Overyssell (except monsieur Becke) have urged
that very much; and all the other provinces have also thought it convenient, yea requisite, in regard that the four members of Overyssell say the confusion is great there; and
that they are near to be ruined, if not suddenly prevented. The lord Becke saith, that
his principals will not admit of the commissioners of the generality, if first and foremost
prince William doth not quit the charge of the stadtholder. Those of Holland have
said the same thing, and have declared not to consent in the conclusion; but that they
would make report thereof to their principals. The president however hath not failed to
conclude for all that; and there are named the lords Verbolt, Vrybergen, Renswoude,
and Isbrants to draw up the instructions.
As for the other points of importance, no mention hath been made.
The commissioners of Zealand, as well extraordinary as ordinary, have been in conference with some commissioners of Holland. Those of Zealand have no other order
than ad referendum; and do give to understand, that they do think it most convenient,
that the militia should have an head to command them, and that he should have power;
and that prince William is the likeliest. To which those of Holland have said, that for
the siege of Amsterdam, and for the vehement oppositions, which the said prince made
against the seclusion, his person would not be acceptable. That for the present, God doth
bless and hath bless'd the state with a happy peace. That they ought to preserve themselves in peace; and that each regiment have an head; and that the ancientest colonel is
enough, in case of need, to command a small body, unless they would employ the lord
Beverweert as sergeant major of the battle. Prince William will go and meet the princess
dowager at Cleve.
There is a letter come from the commander of Embden, and a complaint against
him, that he hath imprisoned some farmers.
The provinces are admonished to advise upon the business of the earl of Gleen, as
also those which have not yet ratified the treaty of Brandenburgrh.
This morning there was an election of the aldermen at Boisleduc; about whom there
hath been a great contest. One part is of those, who had the management since the reduction of the year 1629; the other is of new ones, or such that accuse the rest of ill government, that in the year 1629 the revenue of the city was of 140 thousand livres, and
that at present it is of 48 thousand guilders per annum; that all the rest is consumed in
bribes, and in unnecessary bribes. So that one party hath laboured against the other;
but the old party hath hitherto prevailed, so that the earl is yet to be suppress'd.
Those of Holland have named the lord Northwyck for governor of Boisleduc, who
although one of the prince's party, yet doth not please those of Zealand. In Holland
is already resolved for a provincial advice not to send any fleet to the Sound, but to resolve to prepare a great fleet against the spring; and in the mean time to endeavour to
draw England and Denmark into a league.
In what manner is resolved and protested concerning the deputation towards Overyssel,
is to be seen in the enclosed extracts.
A note of what things are wanting in Jamaica by Simon de Casseres.
V.xxx. p. 299.
May it pleas your honour,
The fortification of the harber cannott bee strong, without it bee made of stone; or
bricke; theerfore such kind of artifficers should bee sent, with order to obey the
captaine Hewes, whoe is a mathematicion, and sufficient in fortification; whome I left in
the same poynt of the harbor fortifieing, when I came away. There is greate store of
stone and lyme; which may easely bee made within two miles. The workemen to bee
sent as massens or bricklayers, in my oppinion, ought to bee under the commaund of
the said captaine Hewes, least by other bisnes that worke bee retarded. As for the
island, it cannott bee fortified in all places; but if your honour please, you may commaund a faire foorte to be built on the Sevana by the towne, in which may be a faire
maggasen to hould all your stores; the said fortte to be builded of earth, the ground being good for that purpose, and even for many miles.
The things necessary at present for fortifying are as following.
1500 of shovells and spades.
100 weddegs of iron to breake stone.
The things necessary for planting,
5000 falling ackeses, the former being verey bad.
5000 broad and narrow hookes.
1000 hand billes.
200 whorte sawes.
For cloths for the officers, &c
Store of tosted holland and fine demetye, with thred, and some plenty of lynnen for
sherteing and handcerchers, with stockings and handsome shewes.
For the solgers,
Store of shewes and corse stockens, with the ordinary sorte of cloth to make them
drawers and waistscotts with sherteing. Plenty of brandey wyne, with some portion of
it to bee allotted to capt. Hewes, as an incouredgment to his men in fortification.
For the phesetions and chirurgions, according to this invoice, that they have sent.
It is humbley requested, that your honour would laye your commaunds on the commaunders in that island, that captain Hewes at left may alwayes have two hundred men
imployed in the worke of fortification, and likewise that hee may never bee without
sufficient stores of victules for his men, which shall bee so imployed:
As also, that the admirall may contrebute his helpe in such boates, as shall bee required by the said Hewes for the carriage of stone, tymber, and lyme, which is most
necessary in the worke of fortification.
That the forte, which shall bee built upon the Sevana, the contrivance in laying out
of the lynne to bee by the direction of capt. Hewes.
The humble proposition of Simon de Casseres.
1. That his highnes would prepare fowre frigatts or shippes of warre, together with
fowre victualling shippes ladden with provisions of food and ammunition, and aboute
1000 souldiers to bee imbarqued in them.
2. That these bee commissoned to saile into the south seas thorough the straites of LeMaire, or rather to the south of it, where it is vast sea, and roome enough.
3. That they saile after theire entrance into the south sea, directly to the coast of Chili,
particularly to the towne of Baldivia, from whence the Spaniards have bene chased
4. That they goe to the isle of la Mocha, that lyes not many leagues from it, where
they may have provisions of maiz, and other food from the Indians at easy rates, and
where they may attempt to make a small fort, if need bee, to secure their landing, and
riding in safety under the island, where there is good anchorage, and which, if it seem good,
may serve for a place of good retreat and randevouz for your ships, while in that sea and
coast; for there are noe Spaniards, but only Indians, mortall enemyes to the Spaniards.
The benefites of such an expedition.
1. The countrey of Chili is unquestionably stored with gold beyond Peru, or any countrey in the world, there being few parts of it but yeeld it; among which principally are
2. That countrey hath in it a wholsome and well–temper'd ayre, abounding in fruites,
corn, cattle, fish and fowle for the life of man.
3. There is in this people an irreconcilable hatred against the Spanyards for theire former
cruelties, and will side with any people for the rooting of them out; and are the most
warlick of all the Indians.
4. Besides these things, the fregatts will serve to scowre the whole south sea, upon the
West–Indie coast, and to take the Spanish treasure (as hath bene formerly advised) from
Chili to Arica, and thence to Panama, by Lima, and Guavaquil.
5. They will serve to seize the two ships, which use yeerly to come from the Philippinas unto Acapulco, laden with the riches of the East–Indies of incredible value.
6. Hereby the Spaniard being assulted on both sides and seas at once, wil be utterly
dismaied and broken, and that by farre sooner, then by falling on him only by the north
In order to this, it is further humbly offered,
1. That I. S. C. goe forthwith into Holland, and deale with some of those, who went
with Brouwer in his expedition to Chili; and under pretense of goeing to Rio de la Plata,
(not telling them how far beyond) to ingage them by good promises of pay and purchase,
to goe such a voiage.
2. That I shall engage some young men of my owne nation, and promise to conduct
them in my owne person, by the Lord's permission; and if it seeme good unto his highnes, negotiating all this with the greatest secresy.
3. It is offered alsoe with submission, that I goe in person eyther as chief in the action,
or next unto him, that is chiefe therin, and upon equitable and honourable termes, as his
highnes shall judge meet.
4. That the bulk and body of the officers and company bee English; and that those of
my nation, or others that shal be admitted, shall goe all upon an English account, and as
Englishmen, and for his highnes service only.
Note, that (which should have bene premised) it was resolved by the West–Indie company in Holland, upon perfect information, that noe countrey could more easily bee gained
from the Spaniard then Chili; and that noe countrey would be more gainefull then that
in the whole Indies, which was the ground of Brouwer's expedition thither, where he was
possessed of Baldivia; but dying there, his men being of severall nations, and wanting a
head, came home, and quitted the place, and left it for a noble English resolution.
An intercepted paper.
Vol. xxxiii. p. 634.
You are to informe your father and brother, that the king is very well pleased with
those kind expressions the son made in his letter to mee (which I show'd the king)
of their forwardnes in his service, and that he doubts not of the continuance of it. He
desires, that they will be industrious among his frends in London, that are honest and sober
persons, for some reasonable supplyes of money from them, which at this conjuncture of
time will inable him to attempt great things; the conjunction of the Spaniard with us
(which we doubt not of) being a fair foundation of our future hopes, and nothing wanting but money, which shall be put to no other use. His acquittance shall be sufficient to
oblige the king to a repayment, when God shall inable him, or if it be desir'd, acquittances under the king's owne hand, by what names they please, shall be sent for such summes
of money as can be procured thereupon; or any other way followed, which shall be thought
by them more convenient.
You are not to acquaint your frend with any of the names of any of our frends in England, but to treat warily with him, both about mrs. Chapman's wedding, and all other
intelligences of the fleet and army, (of both which I expect weekely advice from you;) yet
you may certainly assure him, that whatever necessity he may unfortunately be driven
to for making the match, he shall not want at present a handsome subsistance; and though
it is not fit to acquaint the king with the match, yet for his other services, if you find he
desires it, I will procure a letter of kindnesse from the king to him, wherein he shall be
assured of his majesty's future favour.
You are to acquaint those persons, who were privy to the journey hither, that there
was never a sitter time of shewing their kindnesse to the king then now, and if they have
no better expedient, you can very safely convey any thing to a person at Antwerp, who
lyes there purposely to transmit all intelligences and other things to the king from England.
You are, as soone as you can, to bring your brother and mine together, and beget in them
a mutuall confidence; and if there be any thing wanting in the cypher, which you have
occasion to write, carry it to my brother, and he shall write it in his, and you are to advise with him upon any businesse of concernment.
You are to bring my brother and mr. Waren together, if not yet acquainted, and desire the latter to hasten an answer to his letter.
In case the way of sending letters be obstructed by a warre with England and Spayne,
you must, if the packuet–boat comes over to Holland, (as probably it may) direct your
letters for us to Rotterdam to mr. Beech or mr. Mallit; and if any extraordinary accident
fall out, advise with my brother concerning sending an expresse.
You are to informe your frend, that what persons soever shall be drawne from the rebels to the service of his majesty, shall have rewards equall to their service and condition;
and for that shall have such security as they can propound and desire.