December (4 of 6)
An intercepted letter.
I Received a letter from Mr. Fowbery, who is very well, and drives a very certaine good
trade. He doth desire to knowe how his wife and childeren doe, and to intreat his wife,
when she writes to him, to write onely of his businesse, and not to thinke of impossible
thinges as Secovia wooles. Hee will bee with her shortly to hir great comfort, if shee can
be patient and wise, and rub out a while. Hee desires to knowe, how itt is with my ladye
and Mr. Lambe, and hee would not have you to feare any thing, but that hee will bee
very shortly able to pay all his debts att his comming over, of which either hee or myselfe
will give you timely notice. Commend mee to Mr. Finch, and bee advised by him, then
all will bee well. Thus with my love to all my freindes, I remane
Your assured freind to serve you,
Bridges, Dec. 28, 1656. [N. S.]
I pray direct your letters as formerly.
I received a letter from my freind in Coleman-street. I will give him answer to his
heart's desire very shortly; but I pray inclose noe more letters hether.
For his very loveing freind Mr. Peterson. Leave this at
Mrs. Gwyne's in the backside of the Nag's-head taverne
upon Clarkenwell-greene, London.
An intercepted letter.
Dort, Dec. 28, 1656. [N. S.]
If you and the rest of our partiners thinke it feit, I have noe mynd to haisard so much
of our stocke by sea in tymes comeing, as wee have done in tyms by past, by reasone
the princes royall has been this moneth at Bridges, and now is comeing to Holland, and she
hath promiste to assiste hir brothere with what ships she can fynd, and Middletoun is nou
at Dansicke, and hie is searching ester all the assistance hie can towards these places. I shall
intreit you my freind may make all the haist hie can to come ovire, and send me word, if
there bic any thing, wherein I can serve you.
Your loveing freind and servant,
For Mr. Will. Roue at his hous in Westminster, neir
the Bouleing-alley, to bie sent by him to Mr. Rocford
Richardsone, in West Chester.
Marquis of Worcester to secretary Thurloe.
I Doe confesse, that the ould saying is, that proffered service is not valued: in that respect
I wonder not to have my endeavours soe little sett by. In a word, I am very well pleased
to acquiesse, if his highnesse or your honour thinke me worthy of one quarter of an houre's audience; yet I must needes say, that if esteemed of, I am able to doe his highnesse more service than any one subject of his three nations; and though after a message by Mr. Noell, and
a letter of mine delivered by my owne hands to Mr. Owng, and, as he tould me, by him to
your honour, I cannot gett a time assigned me to wayte upon you; I here sende you a true
coppy of don Alonzo his answeare to me, and doe assure you, that I have in readinesse a person, whom you yourself will confesse don Alonzo cannot except against; soe that, there
only resteth needfull your approbation. When your honour shall have reade this and the
coppys of the don's letter, I have entreated and enjoyned Mr. Noell to bring them me
backe, and in his presence I will burn them, and remaine silent for the future in any thing
of this nature, but in all things els
Your honour's most affectionate freind and humble servant,
Dec. 18, 1656.
The protector to the mayor of Newcastle.
Vol. xlv. p. 203.
In the hand writing of secretary Thurloe.
Gentlemen and my very good freinds,
My lord Strickland, who is one of our councell, did impart to us a letter written from
yourselves to him, according to your desire therein expressed, which occasions this returne from us to you.
As nothing, that may reflect to the prejudice of your outward good, either personall, or as
you are, a civill government, shall easily pass with us, soe much less what shall tend to your
discouragement, as you are saints to your congregations, gathered in that way of fellowshipp, commonly known by the name of Independents, whether of one judgment or other,
will be so farr from being actually discountenanced, or passively suffer damage by any, applying themselves to me; I doe once for all, give you to understand, that I should thereby destroy and disappoint one of the main ends, for which God hath planted me in the station I
am in. Wherefore I desire you in that matter to rest secure. True it is, that two ministers, one
Mr. Cole and one Mr. Pye, did present to me a letter in the name of divers ministers in Newcastle, the bishoprick of Durham, and Northumberland, of an honest and Christian purpose, the sum whereof I extracted, and returned an answer thereunto (a true copy whereof
I send you here enclosed) by which I think it will easily appear, that the consideration of my
kindness is well deserved by them; provided they observe the condition expressed, which
in charity I am bound to beleive they will, and without which their own consciences and
the world will know how to judge of them.
Having said this, I, or rather the Lord, require of you, that you walk in all peaceableness
and gentleness, inoffensiveness, truth, and love towards them, as becomes the servants and
churches of Christ; knowing well, that Jesus Christ, of whose diocess both they and you
expects it, who when he comes to gather his people, and to make himself a name and praise
amongst all the people of the earth, he will save him that halteth, and gather her that was
driven out, and will gett them praise and fame in every land, where they have been putt to
shame. And such lame ones and driven out ones were not only the independants and presbiterians, a few years since by the popish and prelatical party in these nations; but such are
and have been the protestants in all lands persecuted, and faring alike with you in all the
reformed churches. And therefore knowing your charity to be as large as all the flock of
Christ, who are of the same hope and faith of the gospel with you; I thought fitt to commend
these few words to you, being well assured it is written in your heart so to do with this, that
I shall stand by you in the maintaining of all your just priviledges to the uttermost. And
committing you to the blessing of the Lord, I rest
Your loving friend.
Whitehall, Dec. 18, 1656.
To the mayor of Newcastle, to be communicated to the aldermen and others, whom it doth concerne.
General Lambert to col. Guibon.
Vol. xlv. p. 89.
In pursuance of an order of his highness and the counsell, I desire you to give order
to two of the Irish companyes in your regiment, viz. capt. Robert Smith's and captain
Hardy's, to march forthwith, one to Brentford, the other to Hammersmith, and there to
observe such orders, as they shall receive from col. Huson, accordinge to the discipline of
warre; and for soe doeinge this shall be your warrant. I rest
Your loveing friend to serve you,
Whitehall, Dec. 18. 1656.
To col. Robert Guibon.
The duke of Brandenburge's minister to the States General.
Read, Dec. 29, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 232.
High and mighty lords,
The ministers of the duke of Brandenburgh are by express letters ordered to represent
to your high and mighty lordships, that those of Dantzick, a few days since, did cause
to be assaulted in open sea by their galliots a ship, being and coming from Amsterdam;
and after a short fight mastered the same, visited, and brought her into the said city; and although not only the skipper, but your high and mighty lordships ambassadors there had
made serious complaint about it, remonstrating, that it was an act and attempt of great consequence, a visitation of a dangerous example, and a business of very bad consequence, the
crown of Sweden being as well necessitated as the said duke to use the like against the harhours of Dantzick, to receive satisfaction of an undeserved force, and to free and defend
their harbours from enmity and pyracy, whereby nothing else would proceed, but the ruin
of all commerce upon the east sea, to the irrecoverable damage of every one, and especially
the inhabitants of your high and mighty lordships: wherefore your high and mighty lordships are herewith desired, seriously and humbly to consider the abovemention'd, and to resolve and employ such means, to the end those of Dantzick may be obliged not only to
restore without delay the said ship, cum omni causa, and with the gunpowder, which they
took out of her, but to give satisfaction and assurance to all the interested for the future.
Your high and mighty lordships will herein do a work, which is conformable to so many
treaties, yea to equity itself, and whereby others will be prevented to follow the example of
Dantzick; and that the east sea may not be made fruitless against the clear interest of your
high and mighty lordships for the commerce, and for all those, who have no delight in the
The admiralty at Amsterdam to the States General.
Vol. xlv. p. 231.
High and mighty lords.
Not doubting but the other colleges of the admiralty, in pursuance of your high and
mighty lordships resolution of the 26th of June last, would have made ready their respective divisions and shares in the twelve appointed ships, ordered to be equiped amongst
the rest, for the defence and protection of the mediterranean sea for the merchantmen of this state,
we have sent thither half thereof, namely two capital ships, and two of the next rate ships, and
two good frigots under the command of vice-admiral Ruyter, as we did formerly advertise your
high and mighty lordships thereof. But yet perceiving, that notwithstanding your high and
mighty lordships serious letters, that no equipage is made by any of the rest of the colleges for the end abovementioned; and conceiving that the said six men of war are not only insufficient for the same, but do also run some hazard to suffer some affront to the damage and
prejudice of this state, we have thought sit to insist upon our former instances, and renew our
humble request to your high and mighty lordships, that you would be pleased, considering
the strong equipages that are made in all parts, to be employed to plunder upon the said
sea, and how very much the good inhabitants of this state will be prejudiced thereby, to
prevent the same as much as is possible; and to that end that your high and mighty lordships would be pleased seriously to dispose and order the said admiralties, speedily to supply the number of those ships, which are wanting; which we trust your high and mighty
lordships will think needful to be done; and therefore will not enlarge any further concerning the same, hoping only, that such speedy order will be taken, that the bad and illminded will be brought to reason, or that their designs will be made fruitless.
Amsterdam, Dec. 29, 1656. [N. S.]
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Saturday, Dec. 23, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 215.
Concerning the defraying or treating of prince Adolph, they have not yet resolved any
thing also it will only be to defray him for three days. To the lord Mortaigne, who
would a little offer himself undesired between prince Adolph and this state, as they have
given to understand that it was ill done of him, and that he do not come to the council antequam vocetur, to which effect the lord president sent for him, and told it him at his own
Some Frenchmen carried the young prince of Orange to see and visit prince Adolph, but
he did as a child, and could say nothing: he was out of countenance by reason of a great dog
that frighted him.
The Portugals intending to besiege the castle of Mina in Africa, the company of the West
Indies demands a succour for it. They have agreed to give them threescore thousand
The lords of Holland are separated without having ratified the treaty of Sweden; but
they will meet again on the 9th next month, to the end to ratify yet within the time, if the
Swede have the advantage; not otherwise.
The commissioners at Dantzick have a memorandum to instruct themselves concerning
and against the resolutions of the 12th of December, by which they will tax Dantzick for
not having ratified the treaty of the 10th of July from word to word.
Sunday, 24th December.
The lords Huybert and Isbrants were gone to the king of Sweden to dispose him to the
mediation of peace. The king of Poland doth still continue in his resolution to have first
the evacuation of Prussia.
There is a letter intercepted from the court of the king of Poland to the vice-chancellor
Radziewsky, telling him, that the door of grace was yet open for him, provided he would
do some considerable service for his majesty.
They have resolved to give to prince Adolph a splendid feast of 1200 or 2000 guilders
on thursday next, in the house of mons. Maas. Of each province there shall be two commissioners; besides all the colonels are to be there. Prince Adolph and the resident of Sweden are to sit at the upper end. This night he saw the princess dowager, who sent for him
to court with three coaches, with six horses each. The council of state will also treat him.
When he goes away, they will conduct him out of the Hague. It is said he will depart
at the end of this week.
The nobility of Holland have resolved to admit nobody into their number, that is under
the age of 25 years, which is a nota bene for the lord of Brederode.
The ratification of the treaty made with Denmark is come.
Tuesday, 26th December.
There being by those of the admiralty of Amsterdam on the 3d Nov. order given not to
admit any visitation at sea, the said order (being they expect the conclusion of the maritime
treaty) is suspended. But notwithstanding that at the instance of the vice-admiral de Ruyter, it hath been re-confirmed by the said admiralty of Amsterdam. And this was signified
to day to the States General, who did admire at it, that the said admiralty durst do a thing,
which the state had countermanded. But those of Amsterdam say, that such visiting of
their ships at sea is a thing altogether intolerable for the commerce; and yet during the war
with England they visited all neutrals, and worse.
Wednesday, 27 December.
The council of state is angry, by reason that prince Adolph did only receive them at the
top of the stairs; besides that he went first into his chamber; besides that he did not reconduct them far enough. Item, that he did not revisit the lord Wimmenum, as he did the
To-morrow they go to fetch the said prince by three commissioners with ten coaches.
The commander of Hulst hath made complaint here, that on the behalf of the duke of
Aerschot they have held the Sheepen-banck, which he pretends to belong to this state.
They have referred to the hands of the commissioners of the admiralty of Amsterdam,
wherein they signify they had commanded de Ruyter not to suffer any visitation at sea; but
Holland conniveth at it, and without doubt made a sign to the ambassador at Amsterdam.
Zealand sheweth themselves angry at it: they say, that it is too great a boldness of the said
admiralty to give an order contrary to an order.
The resident of Poland hath been to see the lord president, and by him hath signified to
the assembly, that knowing that gunpowder brought to Dantzick was to go to the service
of the Swedes their enemies, they had thought sit to confiscate it, excusing the city of Dantzick, who had released it. This is taken for a notification, and not very ill.
The king of Poland doth still hold the lord Wickefort for his minister, which doth
highly distaste the said resident.
The states of the Ommelands have writ to the States General, that they have deferred
the determination upon the letters writ to them 'till their next general assembly.
Friday, 29 December.
The resident of Poland having yesterday only done his office by word of mouth, concerning the 320 barrels of powder, they resolved to demand, that the agent de Heyde
shall demand it of him in writing, to the end they may take some resolution upon it
The lord Weyman, minister of the duke of Brandenburgh, hath presented a memorandum contrary to that, saying, that the detention of the said powder, as also the visitation
and carrying away of the ship, is a thing contrary to the maxims of this state, and contrary to the conventions; consequently that the same ought to be restored. This is referred
to the commissioners for the affairs of Poland and Sweden.
Concerning the memorandum of the commissioners of Dantzick, it is ordered, that they
will take a review of the foregoing acts.
A letter of intelligence from the Hague.
Vol. xlv. p. 221.
[Paragraph contains cyphered content — see page image]
I Have formerly writ several times to you concerning the secret order, which was given to
the commander de Wild and vice-admiral de Ruyter, concerning the visiting of the
ships at sea, which the English may pretend; wherein some members of Holland are timorous, refusing to agree to this order, fearing some danger, as in the year 1652. But the
admiralty of Amsterdam, which is very much directed by the city of Amsterdam, is courageous; and whether the rest be willing or not willing, they have renewed and confirmed
the said order; alledging for reason thereof, that the commerce cannot subsist without such
an order. In short protector must suffer and connive at the said order, or that he be stronger
than the fleet of St. Gen. for in these things right is measured according to each others strength.
For the present de Ruyter hath but five ships of war, and a hundred merchant-men to conduct, whereof some are richly laden. The reason of all which the enclosed papers will
tell you. But it is pleasant and considerable, that in the order and instruction, which they
give to de Ruyter of the 20th of December, they prudently distinguish the case, saying, if
de Ruyter doth come with his merchant fleet and his five ships of war to fall under the
power of the English castles, or amongst a capital fleet of the English, that in such a case
shall cease of courageously and powerfully hindering the visitation of the English; as if without that, mons. de Ruyter (by shewing his courage and strength) could fight with the castles, harbours, and fleets of the English; and thereby those of the admiralty of Amsterdam
do sufficiently give to understand, that this right is to be measured according to each others
strength; and themselves besides, that do measure it according to their passion and interest,
as during this summer they did not only hinder, but expresly connived, yea favoured the
visitations, which the Polanders or those of Dantzick did make aboard of Holland ships,
as it is to be seen by the last letters from Dantzick; and they will prescribe to the protector a practice, which they themselves have always otherwise observed, yea so far as to
take and confiscate all they could meet withal upon the coasts of Graveling, Dunkirk, Ostend, &c. whether they were contraband or lawful goods, and in the last English war they
took, or at least plundered all they met with at sea. Who doth not see, that the Hollanders
affect to draw all the trade to themselves? I am
Your most humble servant.
This 29th Dec. 1656. [N. S.]
De Witt to Nieuport, the Dutch ambassador in England.
Hague, 29 Decemb. 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 223.
In regard of the holidays of Christmas, and the absence of the assembly of their noble
great lordships, nothing hath happened here considerable since my last: only I forgot to
tell you in my last, that the business of the treasurership general of these United Netherlands is made an end of, to the content of their said noble great lordships; and on the 20th
instant it was resolved by their high and mighty lordships, that the lord Beverning shall be
invested in the said charge. The lords of Zealand, who were the first in withdrawing their
votes, ordered their commissioners to pleasure the states of Holland in the same.
Courtin to Bordeaux, the French ambassador in England.
Hague, Dec. 29, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 22.
The holidays here hath interrupted the course of affairs. The States General did not
meet, and the commissioners of the other colleges are not yet come from their city.
Those of Holland are to be here on the 9th of the next month, to take some final resolu
tion upon the ratification of the treaty with Sweden at Elbing. Here hath past through
these provinces incognito an envoy to the lord protector, sent by the duke of Brandenburgh.
He stayed here a few days; and in regard he had secret conferences with some persons of
this state, it is said, it was to regulate the said treaty, and to take the last resolution of these
provinces upon that business; which doth not seem to me very true.
Here is a report, that the king of Spain intends to send hither an ambassador, to divert
this state from their design, which they have to make a strict alliance with France and
England; and to negotiate a stronger alliance between this state and Spain, than that they
have at present.
A letter of intelligence.
Hague, Dec. 29, 1656. [N. S.]
Yesterday the States General treated the king of Sweden's brother. It is believed the
council of state will also treat him, although they seem not to be altogether satisfied
with his civilities; for he did not give the upper hand to the commissioners of the said province, nor returned any visit to the president, as he did to that of the States General, to
whose commissioners he gave the right hand, and conducted them to their coach. How
long he will stay here, is not known. The treaty of the Muscovites with the Poles is certainly concluded, to whom they are to restore all they took from them. They will make
a war defensive and offensive against the Swedes. The king of Sweden is past the river
Vistula with his army alone, which is said to be ten thousand men. He is very much put
to it for want of provisions, and meets with many obstacles. They say here, that France
hath sent eight hundred thousand guilders to his relief, and that there is a strict alliance to
be made between the Port and France.
Boreel, the Dutch ambassador in France, to the States General.
High and mighty lords.
They assure me from Marseilles, that the equipage of the king's men of war, but at
the charge of particular men of war, is advanced with as much speed as may be; and
that at Toulon is published the declaration, whereof your high and mighty lordships have
been informed; namely, that all other allies of this crown (except only the subjects of the
United Provinces) are thereby exempted from the rigour of the rule, which faith, in the old
ordinance of Francis the first, and Henry the third, that the goods of an enemy confiscateth them of a friend; so that the men of war at Toulon do threaten publicly the ships and
goods of the subjects of your high and mighty lordships, which they shall meet at sea, as a
certain and undoubted booty for their covetousness. At Calais the said declaration was long
since made. They do now no more obscure the said design in this court, yea some begin
to threaten your high and mighty lordships subjects therewith. Your high and mighty
lordships will in their wisdom and prudence consider this business as it ought.
High and mighty lords, &c.
Paris, 29 Dec. 1656. [N. S.]
The company of merchants-adventurers residing in London, to the deputy-governor and assistants at Hamburgh.
Vol.xlv. p. 236.
Right worshipful sir and sirs,
Our last was of the 21 past, since we have had yours of the 18th ditto communicated
unto us, &c.
But we must acquaint you with a matter of that nature, wherein if you concur not with
us, and that too, readily and chearfully, besides the trouble and inconveniency you will undeniably bring upon yourselves in every of your particulars, you will hazard the very subsistance of the whole fellowship. We shall not need to represent before you, what hath of
late passed between you and us upon your rejection of his highness's resident, Mr. Bradshaw,
from that approved prefecture over you, even by your own manifold testimonies, which he
held many years as deputy-governor in your court. You have had our sense clearly upon
the whole from time to time. However we, for the carrying on the government and affairs
of your court, did comply with your election the last midsummer of a martly deputy, and
approve of the person; yet we must remember you, that we both timely pre-admonished
you by ours of the 13th of June last, that at your said approaching election you should, as
to your own government, consider, before whom this matter was lodged; and also after you
had made this choice, did by ours 25th July give you this hint, that we understood the same
not otherwise, but as proceeding from your own reasons above; from which you might easily
conclude, we were not of that opinion; and withal then plainly told you, that we had no
hope, that your provisional choice would not be displeasing or misunderstood, forasmuch as
you still submitted the point of an annual or standing deputy to his highness gracious pleasure. Now then you are come to the trial; for at our last court of the 17th present we
have had clear and unquestionable assurance, that his highness is so far from being satisfied
from your papers before him, that you had any reasons to lay his said resident aside, that
his highness finds his own honour touched in those your passes upon the person of his minister in the face of strangers. If we had then said, that the whole carriage from the first to
the last is apprehended a designed and continued affront, it is not more than it was rendered
unto us in terminis; and as we find it indeed to be so understood, and that it will not be
believed, but all proceeded from private offence taken, and none justly given, and other animosities after entertained, and since extraordinarily improved. And we discover, that so
much indignation is conceived against your froward deportments in this matter, that his
highness judgeth not your papers worthy of a sentence. But we interpret all as we ought,
that however wayward you have been, his highness would not willingly impose any thing
on you or us, but would gladly see if you could be brought at length to see your own error,
at least how you have been led astray, and engaged in a faction destructive to yourselves
and the whole fellowship. And it was come to that pass, that this court is plainly conceived not to have done their duties; and say all we can, it will not be believed, that this
court hath so little interest in the whole fellowship, but that of its own authority it might
have presented this declaration of his highness's resentments and displeasure. So now you
see how you have involved us, as well as yourselves; and therefore we have no other medium left us, but to deal roundly with you, to conjure you, yea plainly to require you in the
name of the fellowship, to submit your private disgusts and sense to the interest of the
whole. You may have heard how the constitution of the company hath been and is assaulted by all the ancient enemies and rivals thereof; if you have, let us have so much credit with you, that you will believe we were never at such a great strait as now; and if
we had not been protected by his highness, had long since been overborne; and if once his
highness should withdraw his gracious good opinion of our government, you may easily
conceive what would quickly become of all. We earnestly therefore, and in all brotherly
love beg of you to recollect yourselves, to turn your hearts again upon his highness's resident,
to address yourselves in all sweetness to his honour, to re-elect him for your standing deputy for the residue of the year, and to comport yourselves towards him hereafter, according to the worth and character of his person. We will not doubt, but his honour will generously meet you half way in all loving conjunction and good offices; and we assure ourselves,
that when you have once past over this first approach to so good an understanding, you will
find the comfort thereof in every of your own heart. And we must pray you, that although these letters should come too late, that for the ensuing mart you should have reelected Mr. Watson, or any other person, that nevertheless you will pray him to take his
ease, and forthwith proceed to the re-establishment of his highness's resident. And in this
case or otherwise, we by this post write to Mr. Watson, to deny himself, or rather to comply
with us in an affair, wherein the being of the whole fellowship is so much concerned. And so
pray God to endue you with wisdom, moderation, and self-denial, we rest
Your worships ever loving
brethren and friends,
The governor, deputy, assistants, and
fellows of merchants-adventurers of
London, 19 Dec. anno 1656.
To the worshipful George Watson, deputy to the
assistants and fellowship of merchants-adventurers of England, residing in Hamburgh.
The same to the deputy.
Vol. xlv. p. 237.
By your letters to the court you will see what we writ for the re-establishment of his highness's resident in the place of standing deputy, for the residue of this year. We know
and acknowledge thankfully, that you entertained this troublesome office only to serve the
company, without any ambition of the place; and we doubt not but you will willingly
again lay the same down for the public good. We therefore pray you earnestly, although
before these come to hands you should be re-elected to the place for the approaching
mart, that you will presently resign the same, and leave the court at liberty to perform
our advice, and not to be persuaded by any reasons or importunities whatsoever to continue
in the place, whether these letters come to your hands before or after the re-election court.
Herein you shall very much oblige us and the whole fellowship, and besides provide for
your own peace and reputation. And so we commit you to the protection of the Almighty, and rest
Your worship's very loving brethren and friends,
The governor, deputy-governor, assistants, and
fellowship of merchants - adventurers of
London, 19 Dec. anno 1656.
To the worshipful George Watson, deputy to the
company of merchants-adventurers of England, residing in Hamburgh.
A letter of intelligence.
Stetin, 30 December, 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 245.
They write from Elbing of the 22d instant, how that his majesty on the sunday foregoing departed from Marienburgh, and is past over the river Weyssel towards Dirschauw by his army, having sent orders before to the earl of Steinbock to hasten thither;
so that it is believed, that the said earl past the said river on the 22d instant with his
And now they write from Dantzick of the 27th instant, that his majesty of Sweden was
arrived at Dirschauw; so that now we shall shortly see what will pass between the two
The queen of Poland is still at Konitz, where she hath stayed all this while, by reason
of the holidays.
Here is great talk of the duke Ragotsky, who is said to be marching with 30,000 men
against the Poles, to assist his majesty of Sweden, and that he hath taken the Cossacks into
his protection. The Swedes got their army over Weyssell, at a place called the Menne.
The Dutch ambassador Dorp to Ruysch.
Dantzick, 30th Dec. 1656. [N. S.]
Vol. xlv. p. 247.
The lords ambassadors are gone towards Dirschauw, to speak once more with his majesty before both armies engage, his majesty of Poland being now disposed to some
moderation concerning the preliminary instances, upon which on this side hath been strongly
insisted, being now contented, that the mediation shall be held in suspence, till such time,
that the conditions of the peace can be advanced to a good agreement, through the interposition of these present good friends. Concerning the foregoing declaration to evacuate
the conquests in Poland and Prussia in this war, it is his majesty's pleasure now, that the
same shall be negotiated in the treaty of peace. And the Polish commissioners for the treaty
of peace are to appear provided with full powers, solemnized by the commonwealth at a general assembly, and the treaty to be held at some neutral place fit for such a purpose.
F. Van Dorp.
A letter of intelligence from col. Bampfylde from Paris.
Vol. lvi. p. 226.
By theise three laste postes I have not had any letters from you, nor has there come any
letters of advice from Mr. Powell, whose bill is refused, this being the 12th day after
fight. I have sayd soe much of my condition allready, that I need not trouble you further in
that particular. Theise holydayes are wholly either employed in devotion or pleasure, affording very little newes or business. Madam Mancini, the cardinall's sister, dyed yesterday.
The king has assured duke Francois of Lorraine to advance a speedy and considerable sume
of monyes to his officers for the recruiting of theyr troopes to the number of 8000 horse and
foote: hereupon depends much more then is fit for this way, which you shall very shortly
have by another more convenient hand. The French and Spanish armyes in Ittaly are nowe
fixed in theyr winter quarters, and not likely to afforde us more newes of them, till the spring. The
Spanish and Germaine troopes are 1100 stronge, the French are 8000: they fortify all townes
both in Millaine and Modena agaynest the next campaigne. I received yesterday a letter
from 73 26 31 37 30 55 81 dated the 31st of Nov. from Florence, the substance of which
is, that he wayted on the queen of Sweden to Piazaroe, where she resolves to winter, the
plague being so hott at Rome, and she denyed a publique acception (according to her quality) at Venise. He had shuffled himselfe into her retinue, which I believed he woulde doe,
being a man of moste invincible boldeness for such attempts; and sayes, that hir designe
hither was really to have been treated here this winter; that hir pretences were to have gon
farther through want of money, which is not plentifull with hir at present, had she not mett
with a dispatch from the king of Sweden, a few days after his arrivall here. All the rest of
her designes and propositions touching the generall peace you have had already in my former letters, soe as I need not interteyne you with that. He sayes, she was caressed at the courte
of Rome, as an eminent convert; but not trusted or conversed with about any publique business, saving what she put herself upon; and that upon the whole matter, they were not unsatisfyed with hir departure; and that any less inconvenience then the plague, which would
have kept hir thence, might have been countervayled by hir absence. She is very invective
in all hir discourses agaynest my lord protector, declaymes much for the peace, as the catholique interest, which may be invaded and endangered by the growing power of heretiques,
and as the great concernment of the Ittallian princes, whose dominions will otherwise be
ruined by the continuance of the warr in their bowells, betwixt the French, Germans, and
Spaniards, and peradventure at last be made a prey to the victor, or divided betwixt them
upon their reconciliation. At Naples he writes, that they are in great want of men, and all
sortes of provisions; and in noe less apprehensions of the English and French. He says, that
mons. de Bas (brother to him that was in England) is nowe at the duke of Elorence his
courte from the king of France, to desire permission from the duke and the state of Lucca,
that 4000 men may march through their territoryes into Modena, to which they have consented upon theyr paying for all things in their march. Whether those troopes shall embarque at Villa Franca, and land at Pisa, or march by land through the territoryes of Genoa,
is not yet knowne. Besides this errand I beleive he has another more private one, which I
advertized you of (concerning a marriage) in one of my late letters. He says further, that
cardenall Mazerine has assured the pope, that if he will lay aside the cardinal de Rets his interest, or that he may be prevayled with to exchange the archbishoprick of Paris for another,
and to obleidge himselfe to remayne at the courte of Rome for ten years (unless the king see
cause to recall him) that in that particular his majesty will rest fully satisfyed. Next, that his
holiness will prevayle with the king of Spayne to desist from his pressing the king of France
imediately to restore the prince of Condé to all the priviledges of firste prince of the bloode,
to his charge of grand master of the householde, to all his governments, as well as to his
hereditary revenewe, and to pay him the arrears thereof ever since his quitting of France.
Concerning his revenew, he shall have satisfaction, provided that he will live for some years
out of the kingdome. But for the rest, his majesty concludes it unreasonable to receive one
into his bosome and councill, and to put great power into his hands, the next day after that his
sworde has been drawne agaynest him. In the third place, that the pope will likewise prevaile, that the king of France may not be urged to abandon the crowne of Portugal, being
agaynest his honour and interest; which things being consented to, by the mediation of the
pope, for Perpiginan, and other townes in dispute; he makes no doubt, but that the twce
kings will compounde those differences upon reason and justice withoute any intermediation
He likewise sayes, that some of the councill and clergie here have assured the pope, that if
theise things be brought aboute, that it will not be in the cardinall's power to hynder the
peace. Of this I shall alsoe say more to you (which I am come to the certayne knowledge
of here upon the place) shortly by another way, when the nuncios are arived here and
at Madrid, which are expected, and have made such an entrance into this affayre, as that
they discerne any hopes of success, two legates will be immediately dispatched. This is the
substance of his letters; besides which I am informed, that there is a currier dispatched from
Rome, to perswade the emperour to agree to the Pollonjan embassadoure's propositions, as
a thing, which will further the generall peace, or if that cannot be accomplished, will
strengthen the party. The count Tot, whoe is expected from the king of Sweden at this
courte, for the greater expedition and the less expence, comes, as they say, only in the quality of an envoye. There is a great secret come hither from 966 (but I thinke only to be
laughed at, but you shall have all things of this nature, that are possible as well as probable) that de Ruiter is gon to sea with a considerable fleet, bounde towards the Streightes,
and engaged by private contract to assiste the Spaniards in the convoying of theyr plate
fleet, the pretence they have for it being, that they have a great interest in the plate, and
loste much by the laste. The king's dispatching the clergie, and they him (that is, theyr
declaring what money they will assist him with) is all the business of this tyme. They have
to-day received an alarme, that gives them some disorder, of the cardinal de Rets his being
in Bell-isle, and as if his brother and the marshall de Maillioray were dispatching an express
to the courte, with a request to his majesty, that he might continue there, and that they
woulde answer for his fidelity. I cannot assure this for certayne, but I have it from soe good
a hand, as that I beleive it myselfe, it being very agreeable to what I have lately heard,
and a probable beginning of a designe, which I shall shortly advise you of at length, having already in some of my former letters touched upon some particulars in relation thereunto;
by comparing of which with this, and what you will very speedily receive, you may have
soe much light into what concerns theise two great competitors of the church for the dominion on earth, as to be able to make some reasonable judgment into the future cource of theyr
affayres. Yet the governour of Arras (whoe has been discontented with the courte, and it
with him the year past) is suspected to have something in designe, that may give disturbance
to the king's service, having displaced divers officers of the guarrison uppon a suddayne,
and put in new ones in theyr place. Here is likewise a rumour, that the duke of Mantoue
is privately agreed with the Spaniard, who have longe since made him great offers; which,
together with his being unsatisfyed with the duke of Modena, and in greater amitie with
the duke of Parma then formerly he was, renders the thing not very improbable. Pray be
pleased to let me hear from you, whoe am with great fidelity, sir,
Your most humble and most obedient servant,
Dec. 30, [1656. N. S.]
A letter of intelligence.
Paris, Dec. 30, [1656. N. S.]
The process of mons. de Chenaillis is now fully finished, and there is now nothing more
to be done, but for the proctor general to give his conclusions, to be judge what is to
be done to him.
The king hath sent his letters to the court of aides to verify a new imposition of thirty
sols upon every hogshead of wine.
On tuesday last madame de Mancini, sister of the cardinal Mazarin, received her last
unction, being very ill of a continual feaver at the Louvre, where the queen doth take a
particular care of her, visiting of her every day. Two days since she was somewhat better, which caused some joy at court; but yesterday she departed this life, which hath turned their sudden joy into sadness.
A few days since the duke of Roquelaure and the chevalier de Brajelonne, falling out at
dice at the marshall of d'Albret's house, the first gave a box on the ear to the other, but
in a short while afterwards the duke being met by the said chevalier, was surprised by him,
and the chevalier gave him two or three blows over the face, whereupon the chevalier was
committed prisoner; and now this business of difference is accommodating by mons. de Villeroy.
A letter of intelligence from Mr. J. Butler to Mr. Ferdinando Carnevall, merchant at London.
Vol. xlv. p. 255.
I Was in some doubt, my letters were not come to your hands, which made me resolve
to wright no more, till I might heare from you. I have lykewyse sent by sea, that I
might understand clearlie how busines stood: now my doubt is cleared by a letter, which I
have received from you this morning. Whereas the poast from England comes ordinarilie to
this place upon wednesdays or thursdays at furthest, this weeck's wind has been so contrarie, and calme withall, that he came only this satturday morning not halfe an hour before
the poast parts for England; which is the reason, that I have no time to wright more to yow
att present, then to tell you, that I have received yours with the inclosed for Dort, of the
12th of Dec. for which I returne you heartie thancks. By the next you shall heare more att
Your verie affectionatte freind to serve you,
Vlyssingnen, Dec. 20/30, 1656.
General Monck to secretary Thurloe.
Vol. xlv. p. 134.
I Have sent you inclosed a letter from a Scotchman, that hath taken some paines in discovering a silver mine in the hills. I have acquainted major generall Morgan therewith,
and major Hills, that he may not imbeazle the oare. Hee tels me hee hath made proof
of some of itt, and hee findes that one hundred weight will make twelve pounds worth of
silver. I desire you will make triall of itt, and if the oare prove good, itt may bee easily
gott and transported, as you may perceive by the letter; and there is store of itt. I desire
that I may receive my lord protector's commands, what hee will have done aboute itt, in
case it prove good. The maine is uppon the earle of Sutherland's land; and if it prove good,
I thinke itt would doe well his highnesse bought the land, which I believe hee may have for
a small matter; but I am confident there is good share of this oare in the hills; for att my
marching through the hills, I saw a great deale of the like kinde. I thinke itt may be
worth the paines to see whether the oare proves good or not; and when you have made triall
of it, I shall bee very glad to hear from you, and to give the man some directions what further to doe therein. I remayne
Your very affectionate freind, and humble servant,
Dalkeith 20th Dec. 1656.
General Mountagu to secretary Thurloe.
Yours of the 18th I received, and in it a pacquett directed to mee out of Flanders,
which, when I opened, I found to containe two letters to the marquesse, one from don
Juan of Austria, and the other from his secretarye.
That of don Juan I send you here inclosed, wherebye you will find his agreement to equall
exchanges betweene us, and a moneth's pay for the liberty of supernumeraryes, that wee have
none to exchange for. The other letter was a meere compliment, and condolinge of these
gentlemen's condition. In the inclosed paper you will find mention of another letter of the
marquesse's written from Portsmouth, which it seemes (as the marquesse tells mee) was sent
by a French gentleman, whom I gave passage to from Lisbone, and contained only a recommendation of that gentleman to don Juan for some employement under him, and a desire,
that he would write to the king of Spaine to shew compassion to his brother and sisters, who
are alive and gone thither. The marquess now desires to receive his highnesses further pleasure concerninge him, what conditions he will please to appoint him for his absolute libertye, and what tyme he may be providinge to goe into Spayne, to accomplish them; the which
I also entreate may be resolved as soone as conveniently it can. I could wish to heare of the
parliament's proceedinges in matters, that are of greater weight and necessitye to be considered
for the saving of the nation, as I conceive; but we must attend God's tyme, and not be over
hastye, and troubled at the desseringe, which I hope is not of longe continuance. I have
received a letter from generall Blake lately, and I have seen one from him also to the commissioners of the admiraltye, wherebye I hope you have received an account of his condition
before now. This place affords noe other matter for mee to trouble you with; wherefore
with thankes for all your favors, I remaine
Your faithfull and humble servant,
Hinchingbrooke, Dec. 20, 1656.