[12 July, 1644.]
Counties hereafter mentioned to raise Forces to march on July 20th.
Whereas the Counties of Suffolk, Norfolk, Essex, and other
Counties and places have lately raised divers great Forces both
or Horse and Foot, to withstand the incursion of the Enemy, and
to preserve themselves from plundering, and their Countries
from ruine and destruction; which Forces should they be continued abroad any long time, would not only be a prejudice to
those Countries in respect of their Harvest, but would be too
great a charge for them to beare. And for as much as it is
necessary that some course be taken for the keeping of the
Enemy from plundering and spoyling, and securing the Countries from the danger of Alarams which otherwise will enforce
them to continuall rising, disturbe them in their Harvest, and
other necessary imployment, and make their charge insupportable; To the end therefore the Trained Bands now upon these
late Alarms raised, may return home, and their Country secured
from such further trouble. Be it ordained by the Lords and
Commons in this present Parliament assembled, that the severall
Counties, Cities, and places hereafter mentioned, shall immediately after the receipt of this Ordinance, raise such forces of
Horse and Foot, well and sufficiently armed, as are hereafter
particularly set down, to be ready to march the twentieth day of
this present July, One thousand six hundred forty foure; That
is to say:
The County of Essex, one thousand Foot, one Hundred Horse,
and one hundred Dragoons.
The County of Suffolke, one thousand Foot, one hundred
Horse, and one hundred Dragoons.
The County of Norfolke, and City of Norwich, one thousand
Foot, one hundred Horse, and one hundred Dragoons.
The County of Hertford, five hunhred Foot, fifty Horse, and
The Counties of Huntington and Cambridge, with the Isle of
Ely, eight hundred Foot, one hundred Horse, and one hundred
The County of Bedford, five hundred Foot, fifty Horse, and
The County of Kent, and the City and County of the City of
Canterbury, and the Cinque-Port, one thousand Foot, one
hundred Horse, and one hundred Dragoons.
The City of London, and County of Middlesex, two hundred
The Counties of Oxon, Berks, and Buckingham, one thusand
Foot, two hundred Horse, and two hundred Dragoons.
The County of Northampton, three hundred Foot, two hundred
Horse, and one hundred Dragoons.
The County of Warwicke, the City and County of the City of
Coventry, three hundred Foot, one hundred Horse, and one
The County of Glocester, the City and County of the City of
Glocester, five hundred Foot, one hundred Horse, and one
The Counties of Wilts, five hundred Foot, one hundred Horse,
and one hundred Dragoones.
The Counties of Sussex and Surry, one thousand Foot, one
hundred Horse, and hundred Dragoones.
Said Forces to be employed about Oxon etc.
And the County of Hampshire, and the Towne and County of
Southampton, six hundred Foot, one hundred Horse, and fifty
Dragoones, which said Forces so leavied, are to be imployed
about Oxon, or such other places as by both Houses of Parliament, or the Committee of both Kingdomes shall be thought
necessary for the purposes aforesaid, and to continue onely for
the space of two Moneths, from the time that they shall come to
the place of generall Rendezvouz.
Committees of places aforesaid to put this Ord. in execution immediately.; Powers for this purpose
And it is further Ordained by the said Lords and Commons,
that the severall and respective Committees of Parliament, of the
severall Counties, Cities, and places aforesaid, or any three of
them, are hereby authorized and required, to cause this Ordinance to be put in speedy execution. And for the more speedy
execution of this Ordinance, and that the Committees of Parliament (unto whose care and fidelity the same is especially entrusted, and recommended to be forthwith dispatched) may be
armed with power sufficient for the effecting of the same, Be it
likewise Ordained by the authority aforesaid, that it shall and
may be lawfull for them, or any three of them respectively, by
such reasonable wayes and meanes as they shall find most convenient, to raise and leavy such moneys out of the severall
Counties, Cities, and places aforesaid, as shall enable them to
raise and arme the said Forces of Horse, Foot, and Dragoones,
and pay them during the time they shall be imployed; And if
any person or persons shall neglect to pay any summe of Money
whereat he shall be so rated or assessed, that then it shall and
may be lawfull to and for the said Committees, or any three of
them respectively, to appoint a distresse of the goods of such
persons to be taken and sold for satisfaction of the same, restoring unto the owner the overplus after all necessary charges
deducted; and further power and authority is hereby given to
the said respective Committees, or any three of them respectively,
to use all good wayes and meanes for the effecting of this service, as they in their wisdomes shall thinke convenient; And if
any person shall shew himselfe opposite or refractory unto this
service, so as the same by meanes thereof shall be delayed, disturbed, or hindered; it shall and may be lawfull to the said
severall Committees, or any three of them respectively, to impose a reasonable Fine upon such person for his contempt therein, so as the same exceed not the summe of ten pounds for any
one offence; and to leavy the same by sequestration of his
Estate, or imprisonment of his body. And because it is not expected that the Trained Band-men should in this time of Harvest
be imployed in this service without their own consents, or an
absolute necessity, and that probably it may be difficult to find
so many Voluntiers as will be sufficient to make up the full
numbers in this Ordinance expressed.
Committees may press men for this service.
It is hereby further Ordained by the said Lords and Commons,
That the said respective Committees, or any three of them, are
hereby authorised in their respective Counties, Cities, and
places, to Imprest fit and able men for this service, and to imprison such persons as shall refuse to give obedience, untill they
And reduce Forces into Companies, Troops, etc., and appoint Officers.; Proviso.
And it is lastly Ordained by the Authority aforesaid, that the
said respective Committees, or any three of them, in their respective Counties, Cities and places, are hereby authorized to
reduce the said Foot Forces respectively into Companies and
Regiments, and the Horse and Dragoons, into Troops and
nominate and place over them Collonels, Captaines, and other
Officers, except the Majors of the said Regiments, whose severall
and respective Companies are to be commanded by the respective
Lievtenants thereof to the place of Rendezvous. Provided that
no Regiment of Foot shall consist of lesse then One thousand
Foot, besides Officers, and no Troop of Horse or Dragoons of
lesse then One hundred, besides Officers, and where any County
is hereby to raise a lesse number of men then will make up an
entire Regiment, the severall and respective Committees of such
Counties and places are to meet together with what conveniencie
they shall think most fit and to joyne their Forces into Regiments, as aforesaid.
Committee may nominate Majors and Field-Officers.
And the Committee of both Kingdoms are hereby authorized
to nominate a Major of every Regiment of Foot, and to form
the Horse and Dragoons into Regiments, and nominate the Field
Officers, the said Majors and Field-Officers to be approved by
both Houses of Parliament.
Persons excepted from being pressed.
Provided alwayes, That this Ordinance shall not extent to the
Pressing of any Clergy-man, Scholler, or Student in any the
Universities, Innes of Court or Chancery, or Houses of Law, or
any the Trained Bands in any County, City or place, or of any
rank or degree of an Esquire or upwards, or the son of any such
person rated in the last Subsidies granted by the Parliament, or
the son of any person rated at Five pounds Goods or three
pound Lands in the Subsidie-Books; or of any person of the
person, or the son of the widow of any such person; or to the
Pressing of any person under the age of eighteen, or above the
age of Fifty; or of the Members or Officers of either house of
Parliament; or of the meniall servants of the Members or
Officers of either of the said Houses, or any the Assistants of the
Lords-House or any of their Meniall servants; or any the
Inhabitants of the Isles of Wight or Anglesey, or Cinque-Ports,
or of any Mariner, Seaman or Fisherman.