Evechepynges in Soper Lane forbidden.
25 Edward I. A.D. 1297. Letter-Book B. fol. xxx. old (fn. 1) numeration. (Latin.)
On Thursday next before the Feast of Pentecost, (fn. 2) in the 25th year
of the reign of King Edward, it was ordered, in the presence of Sir
John le Bretun, Warden of the City of London, and certain of
the Aldermen, that by reason of the murders and strifes arising
therefrom between persons known and unknown, the gathering
together of thieves in the market, and of cutpurses and other
misdoers against the peace of our Lord the King, in a certain
market which had been lately held after dinner in Soper Lane, (fn. 3)
and which was called "The Neue Feyre;" the same should from
thenceforth be abolished, and not again be held, on pain of losing
the wares both bought and sold there: the same market having
been established by strangers, foreigners, and beggars, dwelling
three or four leagues from London.
Provision as to mooring vessels at Billingsgate and Queen Hythe.
25 Edward I. A.D. 1297. Letter-Book B. fol. xxxii. old numeration. (Latin.)
It was provided that the warden of Queen Hythe and the warden
of the dock at Billinggesgate, (fn. 4) by themselves and their people,
shall cause it to be strictly observed, that no ship or boat shall be
moored elsewhere than at the hythes and places aforesaid, or shall
lie to elsewhere, between the hours of sunset and sunrise: and that
no ship or boat shall be placed or kept at night, after the time
aforesaid, near the bank-side of Suwerke, (fn. 5) on pain of the parties
losing their vessels, and having their bodies committed to prison, to
whom such vessels shall happen to belong; and in like manner,
on pain of forfeiting all their goods aforesaid (fn. 6) to the wardens of
the said hythe and dock of Billinggesgate, for the time being.
And further, that they shall not allow any boatman to go forth
from the quays aforesaid, to ferry, take, carry, or convey, any person
or persons across to Suwerke, or elsewhere, under the penalty and
forfeiture aforesaid, during the time of the disturbance. (fn. 7)
Regulations for the safe-keeping of the Streets.
25 Edward I. A.D. 1297. Letter-Book B. fol. xxxiii. old numeration. (Norman
On Thursday next after the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy
Cross [14 September], in the 25th year of the reign of King
Edward, by Sir John Bretun, Warden, and the Aldermen, the following Proclamation was ordered, for maintaining the peace of
our Lord the King.—
"On behalf of the King and his son, and their Council, the
Warden and the Aldermen ordain,—That no person shall be so
daring as to be found walking through the streets after curfew
rung at St. Martin's le Grand; and that every one, under the
penalty that is awarded thereto, shall come when he is summoned
to the watch, as well at the City Gates as in the streets, armed
and arrayed as he ought to be.
"And that every one shall keep clean the front of his tenement,
that so the streets be delivered from all incumbrances before
Friday next, at Vespers; and where incumbrances shall be found
after the time aforesaid, let the owner be amerced in half a mark.
"And that the stands be removed forthwith, (fn. 8) before Vespers.
"And that on Sunday every Alderman, in his own Ward, shall
take such stands as shall be found in the streets, and do his will
therewith; and if after that time any stand shall be found in the
streets, the Warden shall do his will therewith.
"And that no taverner or brewster shall keep the door open after
curfew rung, as aforesaid; and that whosoever shall be convicted
thereof, shall be amerced in half a mark, which shall be expended
in repairing the walls and the gates of the City.
"And that fullers' (fn. 9) implements shall be forthwith removed,
"And that pentices which are too low shall be forthwith pulled
down, that so persons may ride on great (fn. 10) horses beneath.
"And also, that pig-sties that are in the streets shall be speedily
removed; and that no swine shall be found in the streets, on pain
of forfeiture thereof, in aid of making the walls and gates."
Watch and Ward at the City Gates.
25 Edward I. A.D. 1297. Letter-Book B. fol. xxxiii. old numeration. (Latin.)
It was ordered that every bedel shall make summons by day in
his own Ward, upon view of two good men, for setting watch at
the Gates;—and that those so summoned shall come to the Gates
in the day-time, and in the morning, at day-light, shall depart
therefrom. And such persons are to be properly armed with two
pieces; namely, with haketon (fn. 11) and gambeson (fn. 12) , or else with
haketon and corset (fn. 13) , or with haketon and plates. And if they
neglect to come so armed, or make default in coming, the bedel
shall forthwith hire another person, at the rate of twelve pence, in
the place of him who makes such default; such sum to be levied
on the morrow upon the person so making default.
In like manner, if any person shall be summoned to watch
within his Ward, and shall make default, the bedel shall substitute
another in his place, and on the morrow shall take from him three
pence, to the use of such substitute.
Ordinance for the safe-keeping of the City.
25 Edward I. A.D. 1297. Letter-Book B. fol. xxxiv. old numeration. (Latin and
(fn. 14) On the Monday next after the Feast of the Exaltation of the
Holy Cross [14 September], in the 25th year of the reign of
King Edward, the Warden and Aldermen were summoned before
the son of our Lord the King, and his Council, in the house of
the Bishop of London, at St. Paul's, in London; and there delivery
was made, by the hands of Sir John de Langetone, the then Chancellor of our Lord the King, and by assent of the said Council,
unto Sir John de Banquelle, Sir Stephen Eswy, Aldermen, and
Sir Henry le Galeys, of the following articles, in these words.—
(fn. 15) "The Aldermen are commanded by the Council to order
ward of the City to be kept, between this and Sunday next;
to cause to be put in writing all names of trades; and to order
surety to be taken of those who shall demur thereto.
"And further, they are to see which persons are able to bear
arms, and which not; and their arms are to be viewed.
"And also, they are to order that the Gates of the City shall
be well guarded by day and by night; and that barriers and
chains be made in all the streets where need shall be; and more
especially, towards the water, at the Friars Preachers. (fn. 16)
"And that all vessels that come by water, shall be moored on
"this side, and not elsewhere, on pain of heavy forfeiture.
"And that the defences of the walls be made and repaired.
"It is commanded by the Council that John de Banquelle and
Stephen Eswy cause all the things aforesaid to be done, and
that Henry le Galeys give due orders as to all these things, and
see that the same be properly done."