Bread of Stratford seized, as being deficient in weight.
3 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. clxxi. (Latin.)
On the Monday next before the Feast of St. Hilary [13 January]
in the third year of the reign of Edward, son of King Edward, the
bread of Sarra Foting, Christina Terrice, Godiyeva Foting, Matilda
de Bolingtone, Christina Prichet, Isabella Sperling, Alice Pegges,
Johanna de Cauntebrigge, and Isabella Pouveste, bakeresses of
Stratford, (fn. 1) was taken by Roger le Paumer, Sheriff of London, and
weighed before the Mayor and Aldermen; and it was found that
the halfpenny loaf weighed less than it ought by eight shillings. (fn. 2)
But seeing that the bread was cold, and ought not to have been
weighed in such state, by the custom of the City, it was agreed
that it should not be forfeited this time. But in order that such
an offence as this might not pass unpunished, it was awarded as to
bread so taken, that three-halfpenny loaves should always be sold
for a penny; but that the bakeresses aforesaid should this time
have such penny.
Grant of the Small Beam for weighing Silk, at the royal request.
3 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. civ. (Latin and Norman French.)
Be it remembered, (fn. 3) that on Friday the Feast of the Apostles Philip
and James [1 May], in the third year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, a letter of our Lord the King, under
the Privy Seal, was directed to the Mayor and Aldermen of
London, in behalf of Richard de Redynge, in these words.—
"Edward, (fn. 4) by the grace of God, King of England, Lord of
Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine, to the Mayor and to the Aldermen of London, greeting. We do especially pray you, that
unto our well-beloved Richard de Redynge, for whom the Queen
of England, our most dear partner, has made prayer to you
heretofore, as we have heard, that you would grant unto him
the small beam for silk (fn. 5) in the City of London, you will be as
gracious and as favourable as you may, in good manner, that so
he may be able to congratulate himself thereon, and that we
may hold ourselves obliged to you for the same. Given under
our Privy Seal, at Windesore, the 14th day of April, in the 3rd
year of our reign."
And in like manner, (fn. 6) a letter of our Lady the Queen was sent
to the said Mayor and Aldermen on the Friday aforesaid, in these
"Isabel, by the grace of God, Queen of England, Lady of
Ireland, and Duchess of Aquitaine, to our well-beloved the
Mayor and the Aldermen of London, greeting and regard. (fn. 7) In
behalf of our well-beloved Richard de Redynge, we do pray
and request you affectionately that, for love of us, you will
grant unto him the keepership of the small beam for silk in
London, to hold the same, with the profits and the issues which
may arise therefrom; he rendering for the same keepership as
much as others have done, who have held it in time past, if you
will do as much herein, as you fairly may; that so the said
Richard may perceive that [his suit has been furthered] by our
prayers; and by reason thereof we may hold ourselves obliged
for the same. May God have you in his keeping. Given at
Westminster, the 20th day of March."
And upon this, (fn. 8) the commonalty of the City aforesaid being
called together, before Thomas Romain, Mayor, John de Wengrave, John de Windesore, and others of the Aldermen, at the
request of our Lord the King and the Queen aforesaid, the small
beam for silk in London was granted unto Richard de Redynge,
to hold the same for one year, from the Feast aforesaid of the
Apostles Philip and James, at the will of the said Mayor, and
Aldermen, and commonalty, for ten pounds, to be paid in the
Chamber of the Guildhall, at the four terms of the year usual in
London, in equal parts.
Also, in favour of the requests made by the King and Queen
before-named, by consent of the said Mayor and Aldermen, 100
shillings of the said ten pounds for the year aforesaid are remitted
unto the said Richard. And that he will faithfully pay the said
ferm (fn. 9) at the usual terms, the said Richard found a surety, namely,
William de Lillo, here in the Guildhall present before the Mayor
and Aldermen aforesaid, acknowledging that he is severally bound
to payment of the said ferm for the said Richard, all of his goods
being bound thereunto.
Afterwards, on the Monday next after the Feast of the Apostles
Philip and James aforesaid, the said Richard was sworn that he
would well and trustily weigh, for all buyers and sellers, those
things which unto the said beam pertain.
Afterwards, on the quinzaine of St. Michael, (fn. 10) the beam aforesaid was taken into the hands of the City, and remained in the
Chamber until the Friday next after the Feast of St. Edmund the
Archbishop [16 November], next ensuing: upon which day it
was delivered to the said Richard de Redynge, to hold in manner
aforesaid, in presence of the Mayor and certain Aldermen there
Afterwards, (fn. 11) on the Wednesday next before the Feast of Easter,
in the sixth year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, Richard de Redyng came before John de Gisorz, Mayor,
and John de Wengrave and other Aldermen; and, in presence of
certain of the good men of the commonalty, said that when the
said beam was delivered to him to ferm, all those who bought silk
had to come to that beam, as well with dyed silk as with raw; and
also, that woven silks, (fn. 12) bought by weight, were bound to be weighed
by the said beam; whereas now, those buying silk and silk cloths
do not care to come to the said beam; for which reason, he cannot reach the amount of the ferm aforesaid. Wherefore, consideration being had thereunto, as also, at the instance of Sir Ingelard de
Warle, (fn. 13) it was conceded to him that in future he should hold the
same for 50 shillings yearly, to be paid at the four terms of the year.
And be it remembered, that all arrears which the said Richard
owed from the beginning, when he received the said beam, unto
the Feast of the Apostles Philip and James [1 May] last past,
namely, in the sixth year, at the instance of the said Sir Ingelard,
were remitted for the sum of four pounds; which he paid to John
le Mazeliner, the Chamberlain, and was acquitted thereof.
Inventory of goods seized in Coopers' shops.
3 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. xcix. (Latin.)
On the Saturday next after the Feast of the Invention of the Holy
Cross [3 May], in the third year of the reign of King Edward,
son of King Edward, there were taken (fn. 14) from Robert le Cuver, (fn. 15)
two greatcuves, (fn. 16) value 19s.; one lathe and one lathoke, (fn. 17) value
18d.; one aletonne, (fn. 18) value 18d.; nine hoops, value 5d.;—total,
Also, on the same day, there were taken from Alice, the relict
of Walter le Cuver, one cumelin (fn. 19) and one tyne, (fn. 20) value 6d.; one
aletonne, value 8d.; one barrel, value 8d.; four cuves, value 5d.;
four schoiebordes, (fn. 21) value 8d.; one iron and one lathyre, value 3d.;
two lathestokkes, value 2s. 6d. Also, two old lathes, value 6d.;
and four buckettes, value 12d.;—total, 7s. 2d.
Market forbidden to be held in Chepe, but to be held only on Cornhulle.
3 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cv. (Norman French.)
On the Saturday next after the Nativity of St. John the Baptist
[24 June], in the third year of the reign of King Edward, son of
King Edward, it was ordered that proclamation should be made
throughout the City, in these words.—
"It is ordered and commanded on the King's behalf, that no
man or woman shall be so daring or so bold as from henceforth
to hold a common market for any manner of merchandize in
the highway of Chepe after the hour of None, (fn. 22) as heretofore
they have done; nor yet in any other place within the City,
save only upon Cornhulle; and that, from Matins until the hour
of None, and not after: on pain of forfeiture of the goods so
carried there to sell, by way of holding common market there."
Writs for inquisition as to alleged appropriation of a house in Scholane.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cv. (Latin.)
"To his dearly-beloved the Sheriffs of London, Walter de Gloucestre, Escheator of our Lord the King on this side of Trent,
greeting. On behalf of our Lord the King, we do command
you that you cause to come before us, or the person holding our
place, at the Church of St. Brigid (fn. 23) without Lutgate, on the Saturday next after the Feast of the Translation of St. Thomas the
Martyr [7 July], eighteen good and lawful men of the venue (fn. 24)
of Scholane (fn. 25) in the Ward without Lutgate; to make inquisition,
on oath, as to a certain tenement, with its appurtenances, in
Scholane, which the Abbot of Rievaulx (fn. 26) is said to have appropriated without leave of our Lord the King, and to ascertain
the truth more fully thereupon; according to the tenor of a
mandate of our Lord the King unto us directed thereon. And
you are to have there the names of those whom you shall have
so made to appear, and this writ. Given at Westminster, the
8th day of July, in the fourth year of the reign of King Edward."
Because this writ had been perpetrated against the custom of
the City, therefore it was agreed by Thomas Romayn, Mayor,
Nicholas de Farndone, John de Wengrave, and other Aldermen
there assembled, that the same should be returned,—it had come
too late, etc. And they agreed to keep the Sheriffs indemnified etc.
And be it known, that the said writ was delivered to the Sheriffs
on the Thursday preceding.
[In folio ex. the writ is repeated; it being similarly worded
down to the words:—]
"—at the Church of St. Bride without Ludegate, on the Thursday
next after the Feast of St. Edward the Confessor [13 October]
eighteen good and lawful men of the Ward (fn. 27) of Fletestrete; to
make inquisition, on oath, as to a certain tenement, with its appurtenances, in Scholane, which once belonged to Matilda de
Champeville, and which the Abbot of Rievaulx has appropriated
to himself and his house, as it is said; to ascertain the truth
more fully thereupon. And you are to have there the names of
those whom you shall have so made to appear, and this writ.
Given at Westminster, the 10th day of October, in the fourth
year of King Edward (fn. 28) ."
Royal Letter in behalf of the Canons, Vicars, and other ministers, of the
Church of St. Paul.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cvi. (Latin.)
Edward, by the grace of God etc., to the Mayor and Sheriffs
of London, greeting. Whereas we have taken under our protection and our special defence our dearly beloved in Christ the
Canons of the Church of St. Paul in London, and the Vicars and
other ministers of the same church, their men, lands, things, rents,
and all their possessions, forbidding all and singular persons and
person, to do them any injury, harm, damage, or grievance.
And if any forfeiture shall have accrued unto them, then amends
are to be forthwith made unto them for the same. We do
therefore command you that you do not commit, or, so far as in
you lies, suffer to be committed, upon the same Canons, Vicars,
or other the ministers of the church aforesaid, any injury, harm,
damage, or grievance. And if any forfeiture shall have accrued
to them, or to any one of them, you are to cause reasonable
amends and due satisfaction to be made to them for the same:
so behaving yourselves in this behalf, that the same Canons,
Vicars, and ministers, may be enabled the more tranquilly to
attend to divine worship in the said church; and that so no complaint may come to us for your default, whereby we may have
reason for laying a heavy hand upon yourselves and your franchise.
Witness myself, at Westminster, the 18th day of July, in the
fourth year of our reign."
Proclamation that Tailors shall not scour furs in Chepe.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cviii. (Norman French.)
"Whereas oftentimes heretofore it has been forbidden, on behalf
of the King, and of the Mayor and Aldermen of the City of
London, that tailors who have the furs of good folks to scour,
should scour them [otherwise than] at night, or just before daybreak; that so the great lords and good folks passing through
Chepe, and in the other great streets of the City, might not, by
such manner of scouring, be disturbed or delayed in passing.
And whereas they have not yet left off scouring furs in Chepe
and in others of the great streets; by reason whereof great mischiefs and strife have arisen, and may easily arise, unto the good
folks of the said city;—it is ordained, with the assent of the
Treasurer of our Lord the King, and on behalf of the King
commanded, that no tailor or pelterer (fn. 29) shall be so daring or so
bold as to scour furs, otherwise than at night, or just before daybreak. And if perchance it shall happen that any tailor has so
much to do, that by reason of the great press of business for our
Lord the King, or for some other great lord, he is obliged to
scour furs by day, then let him scour them in some dead lane, (fn. 30)
such as behind St. Martin's le Grand, or near the London Wall,
where no great lords are passing, either going or coming; and
whereby no dispute may arise. And if any person shall be found
doing against this ordinance, let his body be attached and sent
to prison; and there let him remain, so that he be not delivered
without especial command of our Lord the King."
Oath made by the Keeper of the Conduit in Chepe.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book C. fol. cx. (Latin.)
William Hardy came on Saturday the Eve of All Hallows [1
November] in the fourth year, before Sir Richer de Refham, the
Mayor, and other Aldermen, and made oath that he will well and
trustily, with the greatest diligence, cause the Conduit in Chepe to
be kept, so that neither brewers nor fishmongers shall waste the
water thereof: nor will he sell the water thereof to any one, by
night or by day, on peril of losing his freedom, etc.
Turners sworn not to make false measures for liquids.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cxii. (Latin.)
Henry the turner, (fn. 31) dwelling in Wodestrete, Richard the turner,
John the turner in St. Swithin's Lane Candelwikstrate, Robert the
turner, dwelling at Flete, William the turner, without the Gate of
Bisshopesgate, Richard le Corveiser, (fn. 32) dwelling in Wodestrate;—all
the persons aforesaid were sworn on the Saturday next before the
Feast of St. Thomas the Apostle [21 December] in the fourth
year of the reign of King Edward, son of King Edward, before
the Mayor and Aldermen, that in future they will not make any
other measures than gallons, potells, (fn. 33) and quarts; and that they
will make no false measures, such as the measures called "chopyns" (fn. 34)
and "gylles;" nor will they make them in the shape of boxes or
of cups, or in any other manner. And that all such false measures,
of whatever kind they may be, and wheresoever they may be found,
whether in the hands of turners, or in any other place whatsoever,
in the hands of foreigners as well as of freemen, they will attach,
and will cause the same to be brought to the Guildhall, before the
Mayor, and present the same, on pain of heavy amercement, etc.
Compromise for an insult offered to an Alderman.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cxii. (Latin.)
Whereas a certain dispute had arisen between Richard de Gloucestre, Alderman, (fn. 35) on the one side, and Roger de Eure, ironmonger,
[on the other], because the same Roger had made an assault upon
the aforesaid Richard, and had basely and maliciously insulted him;
at length, the said parties appearing in the Guildhall before Sir
Richer, (fn. 36) the Mayor, and the Aldermen, in the month of December
in the fourth year, peace was made between them in this manner,
The said Roger acknowledged that he was guilty of the trespass
imputed to him, and, at the request of common friends intervening,
the aforesaid Richard forgave the said Roger all manner of trespass
etc. And for such forgiveness the said Roger pledged to the same
Richard one pipe of wine, value 40s., the same at his good pleasure
to be received. And the said Richard thereupon released to the
before-named Roger that pipe of wine, on this condition, namely;—that if the same Roger should commit a trespass against the aforesaid Richard, or any other Alderman, the same on the testimony
of trustworthy men being lawfully proved, then the said pipe of
wine should, without any gainsaying, be paid over to the said
Richard. And to this the said Roger readily agreed.
Royal writ for the punishment of dilapidators of the City Wall,
Gates, and Posterns.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cxiv. (Latin.)
4 Edward by the grace of God [etc.], to the Mayor and Sheriffs
of London, greeting. Whereas we have heard that certain
misdoers and disturbers of our peace have of late maliciously broken
the wall and certain gates and posterns of the city aforesaid, for
the security and defence of the same, and of the people dwelling
therein, built; and have taken and carried away stone from the
wall, and timber from the gates and posterns aforesaid, in contempt of ourselves, and to the detriment of our city aforesaid,
and the manifest peril of all dwelling therein;—We, being unwilling to leave such trespass and contempt unpunished, do command you, that you make diligent inquisition as to the names of
such misdoers, on the oath of good and lawful men of the city
aforesaid, by whom the truth of the matter may be best ascertained. And all those who shall happen to be found guilty
thereof, you are to compel to make restitution in due manner of
the things carried away; and also, you are so to chastise them
for their offences, that such chastisement may cause fear to them
and to others of again so offending. Witness myself, at Berwick
upon Tweed, the 6th day of December, in the 4th year of our
Punishment of the Pillory, for pretending to be a serjeant of the
Sheriffs of London.
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cxiv. (Latin.)
William de Croton, of the County of Suffolk, was attached for
pretending to be a serjeant of the Sheriffs of London. Meeting
Richolda of Stratford and Mabel of Stratford, bakeresses, who were
bringing bread to the City with their carts, for sale, he arrested
the carts of the said Richolda and Mabel, until they had paid him
a fine, he taking ten pence from the said Mabel as such fine; to
the great loss of the bakeresses aforesaid, and the manifest scandal
of the Sheriffs and their Serjeants.
And the said William appeared, and, on being accused of the
matters aforesaid, he could not gainsay the same; and it was awarded
that he should have the punishment of the pillory. And precept
was given to the serjeant that he should stand near the pillory, and
proclaim the cause why such judgment was given against William
Writ, enjoining the prevention of certain crimes and misdeeds in
4 Edward II. A.D. 1310. Letter-Book D. fol. cxvi. (Latin.)
"Edward, (fn. 37) by the grace of God etc., to the Mayor and Sheriffs
of London, greeting. Whereas we have understood that many
robberies, murders, and divers other trespasses, are perpetrated,
maintained, and iniquitously upheld, by procurers and procuresses,
common bawds, in divers hostels and other places, dwelling in
our city aforesaid, and the suburbs and precinct thereof; at the
which we are exceedingly surprised, seeing that you, who are
most strictly bound to have charge, as well decent as safe, of the
said city and suburbs, not without negligence and default on
your part, have hitherto allowed such crimes and misdeeds, and
others like unto them, there to be perpetrated, maintained, and
upheld; to the disgrace of ourselves, and the scandal of the city
aforesaid, and the grievous peril of very many persons resorting
to the said city and the suburbs thereof. We do therefore command you, on the fealty and love which unto us you are bound
to owe, strictly enjoining, that to the matters aforesaid you find
such remedy, and the defaults aforesaid you so cause to be corrected, that from thence unto ourselves, and to you, and to the
city aforesaid, honour may accrue, and due safety be ensured unto
the good men of our realm and all others who in the said city
may have business to do. Witness myself, at Berwick upon
Tweed, the 30th day of December, in the 4th year of our reign."
This writ remains with Richer de Refham, the Mayor.