The Citie of London divided into parts
The Citty of London diuided from east to west, into a south halfe, and a north halfe.; The stockes Market the midst of the Cittie.
The Auncient diuision of this Cittie, was into Wardes or
Aldermanries: and therefore I will beginne at the East, and
so proceede thorough the high and most principall streete of the
cittie to the west after this manner. First through Aldgate
streete, to the west corner of S. Andrewes church called
Vndershaft, on the right hand and Lymestreete corner on the
left, all which is of Aldgate Warde: from thence through
Cornhill streete, to the west corner of Leaden hall, all which
is of Lymestreete Warde: from thence leauing the streete,
that leadeth to Bishopsgate on the right hande, and the waye
that leadeth into Grasse streete on the lefte, still through
Cornhill streete, by the conduite to the West corner against
the Stockes, all which is in Cornhill Warde, then by the said
Stockes (a market place both of fish and flesh standing in the
midst of the cittie) through the Poultrie (a streete so called) to
the great conduite in west Cheape, and so through Cheape to
the Standarde, which is of Cheape Warde, except on the
south side from Bowlane, to the said Standard, which is of
Cordwayner streete ward. Then by the Standard to the
great crosse, which is in Cripplegate ward on the North side,
and in Bredstreet ward on the South side. And to the little
Conduit by Paules gate, from whence of olde time the saide
high streete stretched straight to Ludgate, all in the ward of
Faringdon within, then diuided truly from East to West, but
since by meanes of the burning of Paules Church, which was
in the raigne of William the first, Mauricius then Bishop of
London layd the foundation of a new Church, so farre in
largenesse exceeding the olde, that the way towards Ludgate.
was thereby greatly streightned, as before I have discoursed.
The Citty deuided from north to south into a east half and a west halfe.; The course of Walbrooke.
Now from the North to the South, this Citie was of olde
time diuided not by a large high way or streete, as from East
to West, but by a faire Brooke of sweete water, which came
from out the North fields through the wall, and midst of the
Citie, into the riuer of Thames, which diuision is till this day
constantly and without change maintained. This water was
called (as I haue said) Walbrooke, not Galus brooke of a
Romane captaine, slaine by Asclepiodatus, and throwne therein,
as some haue fabuled, but of running through, and from the
wall of this Citie. The course whereof, to prosecute it perticularly, was and is from the said wall, to Saint Margarets
Church in Lothberrie: from thence beneath the lower part of
the Grocers hall, about the East part of their Kitchen, vnder
Saint Mildreds Church, somewhat west from the said Stockes
market: from thence through Buckelsberry, by one great
house builded of stone and timber, called the old Bardge,
because Barges out of the riuer of Thames were rowed vp so
far into this Brooke on the backside of the houses in Walbrooke
streete (which streete taketh name of the said Brooke) by the
west end of Saint Iohns Church vpon Walbrooke, vnder
Horshew Bridge by the west side of Tallow Chandlers hall,
and of the Skinners hall, and so behinde the other houses, to
Elbow lane, and by a part thereof downe Greenewitch lane,
into the riuer of Thames.
The course of Walbrooke arched ouer.
This is the course of Walbrooke, which was of old time
bridged ouer in diuerse places, for passage of horses, and men,
as neede required: but since by meanes of encrochment on
the banks thereof, the channel being greatly streightned, and
other noyances done thereunto, at length the same by common
consent was arched ouer with Bricke, and paued with stone,
equall with the ground where through it passed, and is now
in most places builded vpon, that no many may by the eye
discerne it, and therefore the trace thereof is hardly knowne
to the common people.
This Citie diuided into wardes.; Wardes in London 24. Patent Record.; Wardes in London. 25.; Wardes in London and Borough of Southwark 26.
This Citie was diuided from East to West, and from North
to South: I am further to shew how the same was of olde
time broken into diuerse partes called wardes, whereof Fitzstephen more then foure hundred yeares since writeth thus.
This Cittie (saith he) euen as Rome, is diuided into wardes, it
hath yearly Shiriffes in Steade of Consuls. It hath the dignitie
of Senators in Aldermen, &c. The number of these wardes
in London were both before, and in the raigne of Henrie the
third 24. in all: whereof 13. lay on the East side of the sayd
Walbrooke, and II. on the West: Notwithstanding these II.
grew much more larger then those on the East: and therefore
in the yeare of Christ, 1393. the 17. of Richard the second,
Faringdon warde, which was then one entire warde, but
mightily increased of buildings without the gates: was by
Parliament appointed to be diuided into twain, and to haue
two Aldermen, to wit, Faringdon within, and Faringdon
without, which made vp the number of 12.wards on the west
side of Walbrooke, and so the whole number of 25. on both
sides: moreouer in the yeare 1550. the Maior, Communalty,
and Citizens of London, purchasing the liberties of the Borough
of Southwarke, appointed the same to be a warde of London,
and so became the number of 13. wardes on the East, 12. on
the West, and one south the riuer Thames in the said Borough
of Southwarke, the Countie of Surrey, which in all arise to
the number of 26. wards and 26. Aldermen of London.
Names of wardes in London.
Wardes on the East part of Walbrooke are these.
1 Portsoken ward without the walles.
2 Towerstreete warde.
3 Ealdegate warde.
4 Limestreete warde.
5 Bishopsgate warde within
the walles, and without.
6 Brodestreete warde.
7 Cornehil warde.
8 Langbourne warde.
9 Billingsgate warde.
10 Bridge warde within.
11 Candlewicke streete
12 Walbrooke warde.
13 Downgate warde.
Wardes on the west side of Walbrooke are these.
14 Vintry warde.
15 Cordwainer streete warde.
16 Cheape warde.
17 Colmanstreete warde.
18 Bassings hall warde.
19 Cripplegate warde within
20 Aldersgate warde within
21 Faringdon ward within.
22 Bredstreete warde.
23 Queenehith warde.
24 Castle Baynarde ward.
25 Faringdon ward without
One ward south the river Thames, in the Borough of
Southwarke, by the name of
26 Bridge ward without.