Langborne warde, and Fennie about.
Langborne warde, and Fennie about.;
Shareborne or southborne lane.; Culuer Alley. Lane stopped vp.
Langborne warde, so called of a long borne of
sweete water, which of olde time breaking out into
Fenchurch streete, ranne downe the same streete, and
Lombard street, to the West end of S. Mary Woolnothes
Church, where turning south, and breaking into smal shares,
rils or streams, it left the name of Share borne lane, or
South borne lane (as I haue read) because it ran south to
the Riuer of Thames. This Warde beginneth at the West
ende of Aldgate warde, in Fenne church streete, by the Ironmongers hall, which is on the North side of that streete, at
a place called Culuer alley, where sometime was a lane,
through the which men went into Limestreete, but that being
long since stopped vp for suspition of theeues, that lurked
there by night, as is shewed in Limestreete warde, there is
now this said, alley, a tennis court, &c.
Fen church streete.
Fenne-church streete tooke that name of a Fennie or
Moorish ground, so made by means of this borne which
passed through it, and therefore vntill this day in the Guildhall
of this citie, that ward is called by the name of Langborne,
and fennie about and not otherwise: yet others be of opinion
that it tooke that name of Faenum, that is hey solde there,
as Grasse street tooke the name of Grasse or hearbes there
Parish church of S. Mary, & S. Gabriel.
In the midst of this streete standeth a small parish Church
called S. Gabriel Fenchurch, corruptly Fan church.
Helming Legget Esquire, by license of Edward the third, in
the 49. of his raigne, gaue one tenement, with a curtelarge (fn. 1)
thereto belonging, and a Garden with an entrie thereto leading
vnto sir Iohn Hariot parson of Fenchurch, and to his suc
cessors for euer, the house to be a Parsonage house, the garden
to be a churchyard, or burying place for the parish.
Lombard street so called before E. 2.
Then haue ye Lombardstreete, so called of the Longobards,
and other Marchants, strangers of diuerse nations assembling
there twise euery day, of what originall, or continuance, I haue
not read of record, more then that Edward the second, in
the 12. of his raigne, confirmed a messuage, sometime belonging to Robert Turke,abutting on Lombard streete toward the
South, and toward Cornehill on the North, for the Marchants
of Florence, which proueth that street to haue had the name
of Lombard street before the raigne of Edwardthe second.
The meeting of which Marchants and others, there continued
until the 22 of December, in the yeare, 1568. on the which
day, the said Marchants began to make their meetings at the
Bursse, a place then new builded for that purpose in the
warde of Cornehill, and was since by her Maiestie, Queene
Elizabeth,named the Royall Exchange.
Limestreet.; Pewterers hall.
On the North side of this Warde, is Limestreete, one halfe
whereof on both the sides is of this Langborne Warde, and
therein on the West side, is the Pewterers Hall, which companie were admitted to bee a brotherhoode, in the 13. of
Edward the fourth.
Parish church of S. Dionis.
At the Southwest corner of Limestreete, standeth a fayre
Parish Church of Saint Dionys called Backe church, lately
new builded in the raigne of Henrie the sixt, Iohn Bugge
Esquire was a great benefactor to that worke, as appeareth
by his armes three water Budgets, and his crest a Morians
head, grauen in the stone work of the Quire, the vpper end on
the north side, where he was buried. Also Iohn Darby
Alderman, added thereunto a fayre Isle or Chapple on the
Southside, and was there buried, about the yeare 1466. He
gaue (besides sundrie ornaments) his dwelling house and
others vnto the said church. The Ladie Wich widow to
Hugh Wich, sometimes Maior of London, was there buried,
and gaue lands for Sermons, &c. Iohn Master Gentleman,
was by his children buried there, 1444, Thomas Britaine,
Henrie Trauers of Maidstone in Kent Marchant, 1501. Iohn
Bond about 1504. Robert Paget marchant Tayler, one of the
Shiriffes 1536. Sir Thomas Curteis Pewterer, then Fish
monger, Maior, 1557, Sir Iames Haruie Ironmonger, Maior,
1581. William Peterson Esquire, William Sherington, Sir
Edward Osborne Clothworker, Maior, &c.
The foure corners, a place so called of foure wayes meeting.; Parish church of Alhallowes in Lombard streete.; Lib. Trinitate.
Then by the foure corners (so called of Fen church streete
in the East, Bridgestreete on the South, Grasse streete on the
North and Lombard streete on the West.) In Lombard streete
is one faire Parish church, called Alhallowes Grasse church in
Lombard streete, I do so reade it in Euidences of Record, for
that the Grasse Market went downe that way, when that
streete was farre broder then now it is, being streightened by
Lombard street so called 1175.
This Church was lately new builded. Iohn Warner armorer,
and then Grocer, Shiriffe, 1494. builded the south Ile, his sonne
Robert Warner Esquire finished it, in the yere 1516. The
Pewterers were benefactors towards the north Isle, &c. The
Steeple or Bell tower thereof was finished in the yeare 1544.
about the thirtie and sixt of Henrie the eight. The faire
stone porch of this church was brought from the late dissolued
Priorie of S. Iohn of Ierusalem by Smithfield, so was the frame
for their belles, but the belles being bought, were neuer brought
thither, by reason that one old Warner Draper, of that Parish
deceasing, his sonne Marke Warner would not performe what
his father had begunne, and appoynted, so that faire steeple
hath but one Bell, as Friers were wont to use. The monuments of this church be these. The said Warners, and Iohn
Walden Draper. Next is a common Osterie for trauellers,
called the George, of such a signe. This is said to haue perteyned to the Earle Ferrers, and was his London lodging in
Lombard street, and that in the yeare, 1175. a brother of the
said Earle, being there priuily slaine in the night, was there
throwne downe into the dirtie streete, as I haue afore shewed
in the Chapter of night watches.
Parish church of S. Edmond in Lombard streete.
Next to this is the parish church of S. Edmond the king
and Martyr in Lombard street, by the south corner of Birchouer lane.
This Church is also called S. Edmond Grasse church, because
the said Grasse Market came downe so low. The monuments
in this Church are these: Sir Iohn Milborne, Draper, Maior,
deceased 1535. buried there by Dame Ioan and Dame Mar
garet his wiues, vnder a tombe of Touch, Humfrey Heyford,
Goldsmith, Maior, 1477, Sir William Chester, Draper, Maior,
1560, with his wiues, amongst his predecessors, Sir George
Barne, Maior, 1536, Matilde at Vine (fn. 2) founded a Chaunterie
Noble men of this realme, of olde time, as also of late yeares, haue delt in marchandises.
From this Church downe Lombard streete, by Birchouers
lane (the one halfe of which lane is of this warde) and so downe,
be diuerse faire houses, namely one with a verie faire forefront
towards the streete, builded by sir Martin Bowes Goldsmith
since Maior of London, and then one other, sometime belonging to William de la Pole Knight banaret, and yet the Kings
marchant in the 14. of Edward the third, and after him to
Michael de la Pole Earle of Suffolke, in the 14. of Richard
the second, and was his Marchants house, and so downe
toward the Stocks Market, lacking but some three houses
The Southside of this Ward beginneth in the East, at the
chaine to be drawne thwart Mart lane, vp into Fen church
street, and so West, by the North end of Minchen lane to
S. Margarets Pattens street, or Roode lane, and down that
street to the midway towards S. Margarets Church: then by
Philpot lane, (So called of sir Iohn Philpot that dwelled there,
and was owner thereof) and downe that lane some sixe or eight
houses on each side, is all of this warde.
S. Clements lane.
Then by Grasse Church corner into Lombard streete, to
S. Clements lane, and downe the same to S. Clements church:
then downe S. Nicholas lane, and downe the same to Saint
Nicholas church, and the same Church is of this ward. Then
to Abchurch lane, and downe some small portion thereof:
then down Sherborne lane, a part thereof, and a part of
Bearebinder lane bee of this warde: and then downe Lombardstreete to the signe of the Angell almost to the corner
ouer against the Stockes market.
Parish Church of Alballowes Stane church.
On the Southside of this ward, somewhat within Mart lane,
haue yee the Parish Church of Alhallowes, commonly called
Stane Church (as may bee supposed) for a difference from
other Churches of that name in this Citie which of old time
were builded of timber, and since were builded of stone. In
this church haue beene diuerse fayre monuments of the dead,
namely of Iohn Costin, Girdler, a great benefactor: he deceased,
1244. His name remaineth painted in the church roofe: if it
had beene set in Brasse, it would haue beene fetched downe.
He gaue out of certaine tenements to the poore of that parish,
an hundred quarters of Charcoales yearely for euer. Sir Robert
Test knight of the holy Sepulchre, and Dame Ioan his wife,
about 1486. Robert Stone, sir Iohn Stiward, and Dame Alice
his wife, Iohn Bostocke Esquire, Christopher Holt, sir Richard
Tate knight, Ambassador to king Henrie the eight, buried
there, 1554. His monument remaineth yet, the rest being all
pulled downe, and swept out of the Church, the Church wardens were forced to make a large account, 12. shillings that
yeare for Broomes, besides the carriage away of stone, and
brasse of their owne charge. And here I am to note, that
being informed of the Writhsleys to be buried there, I haue
since found them and other to be buried at S. Giles without
Cripplegate, where I minde to leaue them.
By this Church sometime passed a lane, called Cradocks
lane, from Mart lane, winding by the North side of the said
Church into Fen church streete, the which lane being
streightned by incrochments, is now called Church alley.
Parish church of S. Nicholas Hacon.; Langborne ward discharged of fifteens.
Then is the Parish church of Saint Nicholas Acon, or Hacon,
(for so haue I read it in Recordes) in Lombardstreete. Sir
Iohn Bridges Draper, Maior 1520. newly repayred this church,
and imbatailed it, and was there buried: Francis Boyer Grocer,
one of the Shiriffes, was buried there 1580. with other of the
Boyers. So was Iulian, wife to Iohn Lambart Alderman.
Then is there in the high streete a proper parish Church of
Saint Marie Woolnoth, of the Natiuitie, the reason of which
name I haue not yet learned. This Church is lately new
builded, Sir Hugh Brice Goldsmith, Maior in the first yeare
of Henrie the seuenth, keeper of the kings Exchange at
London, and one of the gouernors of the kings Mint in the
Tower of London, vnder William L. Hastings, the fifth of
Edward the fourth, deceased 1496. He builded in this church
a Chappell, called the charnell, as also part of the bodie of the
Church and of the Steeple, and gaue money towarde the
finishing thereof, besides the stone which he had prepared:
hee was buried in the bodie of the Church, Guy Brice or Boys
was buried there, Dame Ioan wife to sir William Peach,
Thomas Nocket Draper, 1396. he founded a Chanterie there,
Simon Eyre 1459. he gaue the Tauerne called the Cardinals
Hat in Lombardstreete, with a tenement annexed on the
East part of the Tauerne, and a mansion behind the East
tenement, togither with an Alley from Lombard streete to
Cornhill, with the appurtenances, all which were by him new
builded, toward a brotherhoode of our Ladie in S. Marie
Woolnoths church. Iohn Moager Pewterer, and Emme his
wife in saint Iohns Chappell: Sir Iohn Perciuall Marchant
tayler, Maior, about 1504, Thomas Roch, and Andrew Michael
Vinteners, and Ioan their wife: William Hilton Marchant
tayler, and tayler to king Henrie the eight, was buried there,
1519. Vnder the Chappell of S. George, which Chappell was
builded by George Lufken, sometime tayler to the Prince.
Robert Amades Goldsmith, master of the Kings iewels, Sir
Martin Bowes Maior, buried about 1569. he gaue lands for the
discharge of that Langborn ward, of all fifteenes to be granted
to the king by Parliament: George Hasken, sir Thomas
Ramsey late Maior, &c. Thus haue ye seuen Parish Churches
in this ward, one Hall of a companie, diuerse faire houses for
marchants, and other monuments none. It hath an Alderman,
his Deputie, common Counsellors 8. Constables 15. Scauengers
9. men of the Wardmote inquest 17. and a Beedle. It is
taxed to the fifteene in the Exchequer at 20.l. 9.s. 8.d.